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Books > Ayurveda > THE AYURVEDIC PHARMACOPOEIA OF INDIA: Part I (In 4 Volumes)
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THE AYURVEDIC PHARMACOPOEIA OF INDIA: Part I (In 4 Volumes)
THE AYURVEDIC PHARMACOPOEIA OF INDIA: Part I (In 4 Volumes)
Description
From the Jacket:

The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India is a legal document of standards for the quality of Ayurvedic drugs and substances included therein. This 4th Volume consists of 68 monographs on single drugs of plant origin. Pharmacognostical chemical and Ayurvedic are described in detail in each monograph.

Each monograph describes macroscopic, microscopic character along with their chemical standards of identity, permissible limit of foreign matter, purity and strength and have been developed on the protocol developed and approved by the Ayurvedic pharmacopoeia Committee. It also prescribes about total ash value, acid insoluble extractive water-soluble extractive and chromatographic pattern of TLC. All this work was carried out in Pharmacopoeia Lab. of Indian Medicine. The data has been finalized after confirmation of various samples obtained from different agro-climatic zones by the cross-section of experienced scientists in Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia Committee and after careful scientific scrutiny. The standards have been consciously kept modest so that its implementation by the manufacturing companies becomes easily acceptable in order to maintain quality control and batch uniformity. However efforts of the manufactures should be to maintain higher standards of quality.

Ayurvedic pharmacological properties like Rasa, Guna, Virya etc. are also mentioned in each monograph along with their therapeutic uses, some of the important classical formulations and therapeutic dose.

Appendix of this volume contains the details of the protocols used in determination of various scientific standards. References of ancient Ayurvedic literature in its original form are added, in order to authenticate the Ayurvedic statements made in each monograph.

In the end English equivalents of Ayurvedic term have been given to make the volume user friendly for all people who work in the are of Ayurveda drugs and who are not conversant with Sanskrit terminology.

In general this book is more user friendly for scientists, manufacturers, students involved in drug quality testing of Ayurvedic medicines, teachers of Drvyaguna research scholars, physicians of Ayurveda and many others who have interest in the quality standards of Ayurvedic medicines.

This book is included in the 1st schedule of Drugs and Cosmetic Act, 1940. Manufactures are required to follow pharmacopoeial standards as these are mandatory requirement under the Act.

Foreword:

This is a global demand for natural plant based products including Ayurvedic medicines for various health problems. Therefore the associated issues of quality and standards of Ayurvedic drugs are very important. It is equally important to ensure the efficacy of the drugs to increase the faith of the users. For the implementation of the provisions relation to Ayurvedic medicines in the Drugs and cosmetics Act, 1940 and the Rules there under it was considered necessary to work out scientific quality standards of drugs of these systems. The pharmacopoeial Lab. for Indian Medicine Ghaziabad has been constantly working since 1970 to develop standards of quality, purity and strengths of Ayurvedic drugs. This Lab. is guided by the Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia Committee having experts of Ayurveda, pharmacognosy, Phytochemistry, inorganic Chemistry and Pharmacy. On the advice of APC and scientific data generated by PILM the work on developing pharmacopoeia of India containing monographs of Ayurvedic drugs on scientific parameters.

CONTENTS

VOLUME I

Legal Notices Xi
General Notices Xiii
Preface Xvii
Introduction Xxi
1 Ajagandha Cleome gynandra Linn 1
2 Ajamoda Apium leptophyllum F.V.M. ex. Benth 2
3 Amalaki Emblica officinalis Gaertn 4
4 Amalaki Emblica officinalis Gaertn 5
5 Aragavadha Cassia Fistula Linn 7
6 Arka (Rt.) Calotropis procera R. Br. 8
7 Arka (Lf.) Calotropis Procera R. Br. 10
8 Asana (Ht.Wd.) Pterocarpus marsupium Roxb. 12
9 Ashoka (St. Bk.) Saraca asoca DC. Willd 14
10 Asvagandha (Rt.) Withania somnifera Dunal 15
11 Asvattha (Bk) Ficus religiosa Linn 17
12 Atasi Linum usitatissimum Linn. 19
13 Atibala (Rt.) Abutilon indicum (Linn) Sw 20
14 Ativisa (Rt) Aconitum heterophyllum Wall ex Royle 22
15 Babbula (St.Bk.) Acacia nilotica Willd. Ex Del. Sp. Indica Brenan 24
16 Bakuci (Frt) Psoralea Corylifolia Linn. 25
17 Bibhitaka (Frt.) Terminalia belerica Roxb. 26
18 Bilva (Frt. Pulp) Aegle marmelos Corr. 27
19 Candrasura (Sd.) Lepidium sativum Linn 28
20 Citraka (Rt.) Plumbago zeylanica Linn 29
21 Dhanyaka (Frt.) Coriandrum sativum Linn 30
22 Dhataki (Fl) Woodfordia fruticosa Kurz 32
23 Eranda (Rt.) Ricinus communis Linn 34
24 Gambhari (Rt. Bk.) Gmelina arborea Roxb. 36
25 Goksura (Rt) Tribulus terrestris Linn 38
26 Goksura (Frt) Tribulus terrestris Linn 40
27 Guduci (St.) Tinospora cordifolia Miers. 41
28 Guggulu Commiphora wightti Bhand. 43
29 Gunja (Sd.) Abrus precatorius Linn 44
30 Haridra (Rz.) Curcuma longa Linn 45
31 Haritaki (Frt) Terminalia chebula Retz. 47
32 Hingu Gerula foetida Regel 49
33 Jatamansi Nardostachys jatamansi DC 51
34 Jatiphala (Sd) Myristica fragrans Houtt. 53
35 Kampilla (Frt) Mallotus philippinensis Muell-Arg. 55
36 Kancanara (St. Bk.) Bauhinia variegate Blume 56
37 Kankola Piper cubeda Linn 58
38 Kantakari Solanum surattense Burm. f. 59
39 Kanyasara (Lf.) Aloe barbadensis Mill. 62
40 Karanja (Sd.) Pongamia pinnata Merr. 63
41 Karavira Nerium indicum Mill 64
42 Karkatasrngi Pistacia chinensis Burgo 66
43 Karpasa Gossypium herbaceum Linn 67
44 Kaseru Scirpus kysoor Roxb. 68
45 Ketaki Pandanus tectorius Soland ex Parkinson 69
46 Khadira Acacia catechu Willd. 70
47 Kiratatikta Swertia chirata Buch-Ham 71
48 Krsnajiraka Carum carvi Linn 73
49 Kulattha Vigna unquiculata Walp 75
50 Kustha Saussurea lappa C.B. Clarke 76
51 Kutaja Holarrhena antidyasenterica A.DC. 78
52 Lavanga Syzygium aromaticum Merr. And M.Perry 80
53 Lodhra Symplocos racemosa Roxb. 82
54 Madana Xeromphis spinosa Keay 84
55 Misreya Foeniculum vulgare Mill 86
56 Nyagrodha Ficus bengalensis Linn 88
57 Pasanabheda Bergenia ciliate sternb 90
58 Patha Cissampelos pareira Linn 92
59 Puga Areca catechu Linn 94
60 Punarnava Boerhaavia diffusa Linn 95
61 Saptaparna Alstonia scholaris (Linn) 97
62 Sati Hedychium spicatum Ham. Ex Smith 99
63 Snuhi Euphorbia neriifolia Linn 100
64 Suksmaila Elettaria cardamomum Maton 101
65 Sunthi Zingiber officinale Roxb. 103
66 Svarnapatri Cassia angustifolia Vahl. 105
67 Svetajiraka Cuminum cyminum Linn 106
68 Sveta Sariva Hemidesmus indicus (Linn) 107
69 Tagara Valeriana wallichii DC 109
70 Tamalaki Phyllanthus fraternus Webst 111
71 Tvak Cinnamomum zeylanicum Blume 113
72 Tavakapatra Cinnamomum tamala Nees and Eberm 115
73 Udumbara Ficus racemosa Linn 117
74 Upakuncika Nigella sativa Linn 119
75 Varuna Crataeva nurvala Buch-Ham 120
76 Vasa Adhatoda vasica Nees 122
77 Vidanga Embelia ribes burm f. 123
78 Vijaya Cannabis sativa Linn 125
79 Yasti Glycyrrihiza glabra Linn 127
80 Yavani Trachyspermum ammi Sprague ex Turril 129

Appendix I
1 Apparatus for Test and Assays 135
1.1 Nessler cylinder 135
1.2 Sieves 135
1.3 Thermometers 135
1.4 Volumetric Glass-Ware 136
1.5 Weights and Balances 136
Appendix II
2.1 Testing of Drugs 137
2.1.1 Systematic Study of Crude Drugs 137
2.1.2 Microscopic Methods of Examining Crude vegetable Drugs 137
2.1.3 Types of Stomata 140
2.1.4 Determination of Stomata Index 140
2.1.5 Determination of Palisade Ratio 141
2.1.6 Determination of Vein-Islet Number 141
2.2 Determination of Quantitative Data for Vegetable Drugs 142
2.2.1 Sampling of Vegetable Drugs 142
2.2.2 Foreign Matter and Determination of Foreign Matter 142
2.2.3 Determination of Total Ash 143
2.2.4 Determination of Acid-Insoluble Ash 143
2.2.5 Determination of Water-Soluble Ash 143
2.2.6 Determination of Alcohal-Soluble Extractive 143
2.2.7 Determination of Water-Soluble Extractive 143
2.2.8 Determination of Ether-Soluble Extractive 143
2.2.9 Determination of Moisture Content 143
2.2.10 Determination of Volatile Oil in Drugs 143
2.2.11 Special Processes used in Alkaloidal Assays 146
2.2.11-a Continuous Extraction of Drugs 146
2.2.11-b Tests for Complete Extraction of Alkaloids 146
2.3 Limit Tests 147
2.3.1 Limit Test for Arsenic 147
2.3.2 Limit Test for Clorides 149
2.3.3 Limit Test for Heavy Metals 150
2.3.4 Limit Test for Iron 151
2.3.5 Limit Test for Lead 152
2.3.6 Sulphated Ash 152
2.3.7 Limit Test for Sulphates 153
Appendix III
3 Physical Tests and Determinations 154
3.1 Determination of Boiling or Distilling Range 154
3.2 Determination of Congealing Range or Temperature 155
3.3 Determination of pH Value 156
3.4 Determination of Melting Range or Melting Temperature 157
3.5 Optical Rotation and Specific Optical Rotation 158
3.6 Powder Fineness 160
3.7 Refractive Fineness 161
3.8 Weight Per Millilitre and Specific Gravity 161
Appendix IV
4 Reagents and Solutions 162
Appendix V
5 General Informations 199
5.1 Sodhana of Crude Drugs 199
5.2 Definition and Method of Preparing of Kvatha or Decoction 199
Appendix VI
6.1 Weights and Measures 201
6.2 Definition and Method of Preparing of Kvatha or Decoction 199
Appendix VII
7 Classical Ayurvedic References 203
Index 215
English equivalents of Ayurvedic Clinical Conditions and Diseases 235
Monograph published in Volume-II 257
Monograph published n Volume III 259

CONTENTS

VOLUME II

Legal Notices Viii
General Notices ix-xii
Preface xiii-xvii
Introduction xix-xxix
1 Akarakarabha Anacyclus pyrethrum DC 1-2
2 Aksoda Juglans regia Linn 3-4
3 Amrata Spondian pinnata Linn. F. Kurz 5-6
4 Apamarga Achyranthes aspera Linn 7-9
5 Aparajita Clitoria ternatea Linn 10-11
6 Ardraka Zingiber officinale Rosc. 12-14
7 Arimeda Acacial leucophloea Willd 15-16
8 Arjuna Terminalia arjuna W & A 17-18
9 Bhallataka Semecarpus anacardium Linn 19-20
10 Bhrngaraja Eclipta alba Hassk 21-24
11 Brahmi Bacopa monnieri Wettst 25-26
12 Brhati Solanum indicum Linn 27-28
13 Cavya Piper retrofractum Vahl 29-30
14 Dadima Punica granatum Linn 31-32
15 Daruharidra Berberis aristata DC 33-34
16 Dronapuspi Leucas cephalotes Spreng 35-37
17 Ervaru Cucumis melo var. utilissimus Buthie and Fuller 38-39
18 Gajapippali Scindapsus officinalis Linn 40-41
19 Gambhari Gmelina arborea Roxb 42-43
20 Gangeru Grewia tenax Aschers and Schwf 44-45
21 Gunja Abrus precatorius Linn 46-47
22 Iksu Saccharum officinarum Linn 48-49
23 Indravaruni (Rt) Citrullus colocynthis Schrad 50-51
24 Indravaruni (Lf) Citrullus colocynthis Schrad 52-53
25 Jambu (Sd) Syzygium ciminii Skeels 54-55
26 Jambu (St. Bk.) Syzygium ciminii Skeels 56-57
27 Jayapala Croton tiglium Linn 58-59
28 Jayanti Sesbania sesban Merr. 60-61
29 Jyotismati Celastrus paniculatus Willd 62-63
30 Kadamba Anthocephalus cadamba Miq 64-65
31 Kakamaci Solanum nigrum Linn 66-68
32 Kamala Nelumbo nucifera Pongamia Pinnata Merr.Gaertn 69-70
33 Kapittha Feronia limonia Swingle 71-72
34 Karamarda Carissa Carandas Linn 73-74
35 Karanja (Rt.Bk.) Pongamia Pinnata Merr. 75-76
36 Karanja (Rt.) Pongamia Pinnata Merr. 77-78
37 Karanja (St.Bk.) Pongamia Pinnata Merr. 79-80
38 Karanja (Lf.) Pongamia Pinnata Merr. 81-82
39 Karavallaka Momordica charatia Linn 83-84
40 Katuka Picrorhiza kurroa Royale ex Benth 85-87
41 Kokilaksa Asteracantha longifolica Nees 88-90
42 Kokilaksa Asteracantha longifolica Nees 91-92
43 Kokilaksa Asteracantha longifolica Nees 93-94
44 Kozuppa Portulaca oleracea Linn 95-97
45 Lajjalu Mimosa Pudica Linn 98-101
46 Madhuka Madhuca indica J.F. Gmel 102-103
47 Matsyaksi Alternanthera sessilis R. Br. 104-106
48 Methi Trigonella Foenum-Graecum Linn 107-108
49 Mulaka (W.P) Raphanus Sativus Linn 109-111
50 Mulaka (Rt.) Raphanus Sativus Linn 112-113
51 Mura Selinum candollei DC 114-115
52 Murva Marsdenia Tenacissima Wight.a nd Arn 116-117
53 Nagakesar Mesua Gerrea Linn 118-119
54 Nili (Lf.) Indigofera tinctoria Linn 120-121
55 Nili (Rt.) Indigofera tinctoria Linn 122-123
56 Nimba (Lf.) Azadirachta indica A. Juss. 124-125
57 Nimba (Rt.) Azadirachta indica A. Juss. 126-127
58 Palasa Butea monosperma Kuntze 128-130
59 Paribhadra Erythrina indica Lam 131-132
60 Pippalimula Piper longum Linn 133-134
61 Plaksa Ficus lacor Buch. Ham 135-136
62 Prasarini Paederia foetida Linn 137-140
63 Priyala Buchanania lanzan Spreng 141-142
64 Priyangu Callicarpa macrophylla Vahl 143-144
65 Sali Oryza sativa Linn 145-146
66 Sankhapuspi Convolvulus pluricaulis Choisy 147-149
67 Saptala Euphorbia dracunculoides Lam 150-152
68 Satahva Aethum sowa Roxb. Ex Flem 153-154
69 Sigru Moringa oleifera Lam 155-157
70 Sthulaela Amomum subulatum Roxb. 158-159
71 Tejovati Zanthoxylum armatum DC 160-161
72 Tulasi (W.P.) Ocimum Sanctum Linn 162-164
73 Tulasi (Lf.) Ocimum Sanctum Linn 165-167
74 Vaca Acorus calamus Linn 168-170
75 Vatsanabha Aconitum chasmanthum stapf Ex Holmes 171-172
76 Vidari Pueraria tuberose DC 173-174
77 Yava Hordeum Vulgare Linn 175-176
78 Yavasaka Alhagi pseudalhagi Desv. 177-179

APPENDIX
Appendix 1
1.1 Apparatus for Tests and Assays 180-182
Appendix 2
2.1 Testing of Drugs 183-189
2.2 Determination of Quantitative Data for vegetable Drugs 189-196
2.3 Limit Tests 197-205
Appendix 3
3.1 Physical Tests and Determinations 205-208
Appendix 4
4.1 Reagents and Solutions 209-261
Appendix 5
5.1 Weighs and Measure 262
5.2 Approximate Equivalents of Does in Indian System and Metric System
Appendix 6
6.1 Classical Ayurvedic References 263-348
Index 349-368

CONTENTS

VOLUME III

Legal Notices Ix
General Notices xi-xiv
Preface xv-xix
Introduction xxi-xxxiii
1 Adhaki Cajanus cajan Millsp 1-2
2 Aginimantha Clerodendrum phomidis Linn 3-4
3 Ambasthaki Hibiscus sabdariffa Linn 5-6
4 Amra (Sd.) Mangifera indica Linn 7-8
5 Amra (St.Bk.) Mangifera indica Linn 9-10
6 Amrata Spondias pinnata Kurz 11-12
7 Apamarga Achyranthes aspera Linn 13-14
8 Aralu Ailanthus excelsa Roxb 15-16
9 Arka Calotropis procera R. Br. 17-18
10 Asana Pterocarpus marsupium Roxb. 19-20
11 Asthisamhrta Cissus quadrangularis Linn 21-22
12 Atmagupta Mucuna prurita Hook 23-24
13 Bharangi Clerodendrum serratum Linn 25-26
14 Bijapura Citrus medica Linn 27-28
15 Bilva Aegle marmelos Corr. 29-31
16 Bimbi Coccinia indica W. And A. 32-35
17 Cangeri Oxalis corniculata Linn 36-38
18 Cirabilva Holoptelea integrifolia planch 39-40
19 Danti Baliospermum mantanum Mell-sSrg 41-42
20 Dhattura Datura metel Linn 43-44
21 Draksa Vitis Vinifera linn 45-46
22 Durva Vynodon dactylon Pers. 47-48
23 Eranda (Fr. Lf.) Ricinus communis Linn 49-50
24 Eranda (Sd.) Ricinus communis Linn 51-52
25 Gambhari Gmelina arborea Roxb. 53-54
26 Gojihova Onosma bracteatum Wall 55-57
27 Granthiparni Leonotis nepetaefolia R. Br. 58-59
28 Hamsapadi Adiantum lunulatum Brum 60-62
29 Hapusa Juniperus communis Linn 63-64
30 Indravaruni Citrullus colocynthis Schrad 65-66
31 Indrayava Holarrhena antidysenterica Wall 67-68
32 Isvari Aristolochia indica Linn 69-70
33 Jati Jasminum officinale Linn 71-72
34 Kadali Musa paradisiaca Linn 73-74
35 Kakajangha (Rt.) Peristrophe bicalysulata Linn 75-76
36 Kakajangha (Sd.) Martynia annua Linn 77-78
37 Kakoli Lilium polyphyllum D. Don 79-80
38 Kamala Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn 81-83
39 Karavira Nerium indicum Mill 84-85
40 Karamarda Carissa Carandas Linn 86-87
41 Kasa Saccharum spontaneum Linn 88-89
42 Katphala (Frt) Myrica esulenta Buch-Ham ex D. Don 90-91
43 Katphala (St.Bk.) Myrica esulenta Buch-Ham ex D. Don 92-93
44 Kola (Frt. Pulp) Zizyphus jujuba Lam 94-95
45 Kola (St. Bk) Zizyphus jujuba Lam 96-97
46 Kosataki Luffa acutangula Roxb. 98-101
47 Kumuda Nymphaea alba Linn 102-103
48 Kusa Desmostachya bepinnata Stapf 104-105
49 Langali Gloeiosa superba Linn 106-107
50 Lasuna Allium sativum Linn 108-109
51 Mahabala Sida rhombifolia Linn 110-111
52 Manjistha Rubia cordifolia Linn 112-114
53 Marica Piper nigrum Linn 115-117
54 Masaparni Teramnuisa labialis Spreng 118-120
55 Masura Lens culinaris Medic 121-122
56 mudga Phaseolus radiatus Linn 123-124
57 Mulaka Raphanus sativus Linn 125-126
58 Munditika Sphaeranthus indius Linn 127-128
59 Musta Cyperus rotundus Linn 129-130
60 Nagavalli Piper betle Linn 131-133
61 Narikela Cocos nucifera Linn 134-135
62 Nicula Barringtonia acutangula Gaertn 136-137
63 Nili Indigofera tinctoria Linn 138-141
64 Nirgundi Vitex negundo Linn 142-144
65 Padmaka Prunus cerasoides D. Don 145-146
66 Patala Stereospermum suaveolens DC 147-148
67 Phalgu (Frt.) Ficus hispida Linn 149-150
68 Phalgu (Rt.) Ficus hispida Linn 151-152
69 Prapunnada Cassia tora Linn 153-154
70 Raktacandana Pterocarpus santalinus Linn 155-156
71 Raktapunarnava Boerhaavia diffusa Linn 157-158
72 Ramasitalika Amaranthus tricolour Linn 159-161
73 Rasna Pluchea lanceolata Oliver and Hiem 162-164
74 Sahacara Barleria prionitis Linn 165-168
75 Sahadevi Vernonia cinerea Lees 169-171
76 Saileya Parmelia perlata Ach. 172-173
77 Saka Tectona grandis Linn 174-175
78 Sakhotaka Streclus asper Lour 176-177
79 Salaparni Desmodium gangeticum DC 178-180
80 Sali Oryza sativa Linn 181-182
81 Salmali Bombax ceiba Linn 183-184
82 Sana Crotolaria juncea Linn 185-186
83 Sara Saccharum bengalense Retz. 187-188
84 Sarala (Ht.Wd.) Pinus roxburghii Sargent 189-190
85 Sarala (Rt.) Pinus roxburghii Sargent 191-192
86 Sarsapa Brassica Campestris Linn 193-194
87 Satapatrika Rosa centifolia Linn 195-196
88 Simsapa (Ht.Wd.) Dalbergia sisoo Roxb. 197-198
89 Simsapa (St.Bk.) Dalbergia sisoo Roxb 199-200
90 Sirisa Albizzia lebbeck Benth 201-202
91 Sthauneya Taxus baccata Linn 203-204
92 Surana Amorphophallus campanulatus Blume 205-206
93 Svetacandana Santalum album Linn 207-208
94 Syonaka Oroxylum indicum Vent 209-210
95 Tala Borassus flabellifer Linn 211-212
96 Trivrt Operculina turpethum Silva Manso 213-214
97 Tumbini Lagenaria seceraria Standl. 215-216
98 Udumbara Ficus glomerata Roxb 217-218
99 Usira Vetieria zizanioides Nash 219-220
100 Utpala Nymphoea stellata Willd 221-223

APPENDIX 1
1.1 Apparatus for Test and Assays 224-226
Appendix 2
2.1 Testing of Drugs 227-233
2.2 Determination of Quantitative Data of Vegetable Drugs 233-240
2.3 Limit Tests 241-249
Appendix 3
3.1 Physical Tests of Determination 250-252
Appendix 4
4.1 Reagents and Solutions 253-305
Appendix 5
5.1 Weights and Measures 306
5.2 Approximate Equivalents of does in Indian System and Metric System
Appendix 6 Classical Ayurvedic References 412-434
Index
English equivalents of Ayurvedic clinical conditions and diseases 435-453
Definition of Rasa 454
Definition of Guna 454
Definition of Vipaka 455
Definition of Virya 455
CONTENTS

VOLUME IV

Legal Notices Ix
General Notices xi-xiv
Preface xv-xix
Introduction xxi-xxxiii
1 Adhaki Cajanus cajan Millsp 1-3
2 Agaru Aquilaria agallocha Roxb. 4-5
3 Aklari Lodoicea maldivica Pers. 6-7
4 Aparajita Clitoria ternatea Linn 8-9
5 Atmagupta Mucuna prurita Hook 10-11
6 Bilva Aegle marmelos Corr. 12-13
7 Champaka Michelia champaca Linn 14-15
8 Cinca Tamarindus indica Linn 16-17
9 Dadima (Fr. Fruit) Punica granatum Linn 18
10 Dadima (Ft. Rind) Punica granatum Linn 19-20
11 Dadima (Lf.) Punica granatum Linn 21-22
12 Devadaru Cedrus deodara Loud 23-24
13 Dhattura Datura metel Linn 25-27
14 Durva Cynodon dactylon 28-30
15 gambhari Gmelina arborea Linn 30-32
16 Iksu Saccharum oficinarum Linn 33-34
17 Kadali Musa paradisiacal Linn 35-36
18 Karcura Curcuma zedoaria Rosc 37-38
19 Kasturilatika Hibiscus abelmoschus Linn 39-40
20 Kataka Strychnos potatorum Linn 41-42
21 Kharjura (Drd. Ft.) Phoenix Dactylifera Linn 43-44
22 Kharjura (Fr. Ft.) Phoenix Dactylifera Linn 45-46
23 Krsnasariva Cryptolepis buchanani Roem and Schult 47-49
24 Kunduru Boswellia Serrata Roxb. 50-51
25 Kunkuma Crocus sativus Linn 52-54
26 Kusmanda Benincasa hispida Cogn 55-56
27 Madayanti Lawsonia ineris Linn 57-58
28 Mahanimba Melia azedarach Linn 59-60
29 Mandukaparni Centella asiatica Urban 61-63
30 Mayakku Quercus infectoria Oliv 64-66
31 Mudgaparni Vigna trilobata Verdc 67-69
32 Munditika Sphaeranthus indicus Linn 70-72
33 Nayagrodha Jata Ficus Bengalensis Linn 73-74
34 Nimbu Citrus limon Burm. F. 75
35 Nirgundi Vitex negundo Linn 76-77
36 Palasa (Fl.) Butea monosperma Kuntze 78-79
37 Palasa (Gum) Butea monosperma Kuntze 80-81
38 Palasa (Sd.) Butea monosperma Kuntze 82-83
39 Parpata Fumaria parviflora Lam 84-86
40 Patalai Stereospermum chelonoides DC 87-88
41 Pattanga Caesaplinia sappan Linn 89-90
42 Pippali Piper Longum Linn 91-92
43 Plaksa Ficus lacor Buch-Ham 93-94
44 Priyala Buchanania lanzan Spreng 95-96
45 Priyangu Callicarpa macrophylla Vahl 97-98
46 Prsniparni Uraria picta desv 99-101
47 Puskara Inula racemosa Hook 102-103
48 Rudraksa Elaeocarpus sphaericus Gaertn. K. Schum 104-105
49 Saraja Vateria Indica Linn 106-107
50 Satavari Asparagus recemousus Wlld 108-109
51 Sigru (Rt. Bk.) Moringa Oleifera Lam 110-111
52 Sigru (Sd.) Moringa Oleifera Lam 112-113
53 Sigru (St. Bk.) Moringa Oleifera Lam 114-115
54 Srngataka Trapa natans Linn 116-117
55 Sruvavrksa (Lf.) Flacourtia indica Merr 118-119
56 Sruvavrksa (St. Bk.) Flacourtia indica Merr 120-121
57 Talamuli Curculigo orchiodies Gaertn 122-123
58 Talisa Abies webbiana Lindl. 124-125
59 Tila Sesamum indicum Linn 126-127
60 Tulasi Ocimum sanctum Linn 128-129
61 Tumburu Zanthoxylum armatum DC 130-131
62 Utingana Blepharis persica O. Kuntze 132-133
63 Varahi Dioscorea buldifera Linn 134-135
64 Varsabhu Triantheman portulacastrum Linn 136-137
65 Vasa Adhatoda zeylanica Medic 138-139
66 Visamusti Strychnos nux-Vomica Linn 140-142
67 Vrscikalli Tragia involucrate Linn 143-145
68 Yava Hordeum vulgare Linn 146-148

APPENDIX 1
1.1 Apparatus for Test and Assays 149-151
Appendix 2
2.1 Testing of Drugs 152-158
2.2 Determination of Quantitative Data of Vegetable Drugs 158-165
2.3 Limit Tests 166-174
Appendix 3
3.1 Physical Tests of Determination 175-177
Appendix 4
4.1 Reagents and Solutions 178-230
Appendix 5 231
5.1 Weights and Measures
5.2 Approximate Equivalents of does in Indian System and Metric System
Appendix 6 Classical Ayurvedic References 232-339
Index 340-355


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THE AYURVEDIC PHARMACOPOEIA OF INDIA: Part I (In 4 Volumes)

Item Code:
IDF707
Cover:
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Edition:
2001
ISBN:
Vol. 1: 8190115138; Vol. 2: 8190115103; Vol. 3: 819011512X; Vol. 4: 8190115154
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11.1" X 8.7"
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1433
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THE AYURVEDIC PHARMACOPOEIA OF INDIA: Part I (In 4 Volumes)

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From the Jacket:

The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India is a legal document of standards for the quality of Ayurvedic drugs and substances included therein. This 4th Volume consists of 68 monographs on single drugs of plant origin. Pharmacognostical chemical and Ayurvedic are described in detail in each monograph.

Each monograph describes macroscopic, microscopic character along with their chemical standards of identity, permissible limit of foreign matter, purity and strength and have been developed on the protocol developed and approved by the Ayurvedic pharmacopoeia Committee. It also prescribes about total ash value, acid insoluble extractive water-soluble extractive and chromatographic pattern of TLC. All this work was carried out in Pharmacopoeia Lab. of Indian Medicine. The data has been finalized after confirmation of various samples obtained from different agro-climatic zones by the cross-section of experienced scientists in Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia Committee and after careful scientific scrutiny. The standards have been consciously kept modest so that its implementation by the manufacturing companies becomes easily acceptable in order to maintain quality control and batch uniformity. However efforts of the manufactures should be to maintain higher standards of quality.

Ayurvedic pharmacological properties like Rasa, Guna, Virya etc. are also mentioned in each monograph along with their therapeutic uses, some of the important classical formulations and therapeutic dose.

Appendix of this volume contains the details of the protocols used in determination of various scientific standards. References of ancient Ayurvedic literature in its original form are added, in order to authenticate the Ayurvedic statements made in each monograph.

In the end English equivalents of Ayurvedic term have been given to make the volume user friendly for all people who work in the are of Ayurveda drugs and who are not conversant with Sanskrit terminology.

In general this book is more user friendly for scientists, manufacturers, students involved in drug quality testing of Ayurvedic medicines, teachers of Drvyaguna research scholars, physicians of Ayurveda and many others who have interest in the quality standards of Ayurvedic medicines.

This book is included in the 1st schedule of Drugs and Cosmetic Act, 1940. Manufactures are required to follow pharmacopoeial standards as these are mandatory requirement under the Act.

Foreword:

This is a global demand for natural plant based products including Ayurvedic medicines for various health problems. Therefore the associated issues of quality and standards of Ayurvedic drugs are very important. It is equally important to ensure the efficacy of the drugs to increase the faith of the users. For the implementation of the provisions relation to Ayurvedic medicines in the Drugs and cosmetics Act, 1940 and the Rules there under it was considered necessary to work out scientific quality standards of drugs of these systems. The pharmacopoeial Lab. for Indian Medicine Ghaziabad has been constantly working since 1970 to develop standards of quality, purity and strengths of Ayurvedic drugs. This Lab. is guided by the Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia Committee having experts of Ayurveda, pharmacognosy, Phytochemistry, inorganic Chemistry and Pharmacy. On the advice of APC and scientific data generated by PILM the work on developing pharmacopoeia of India containing monographs of Ayurvedic drugs on scientific parameters.

CONTENTS

VOLUME I

Legal Notices Xi
General Notices Xiii
Preface Xvii
Introduction Xxi
1 Ajagandha Cleome gynandra Linn 1
2 Ajamoda Apium leptophyllum F.V.M. ex. Benth 2
3 Amalaki Emblica officinalis Gaertn 4
4 Amalaki Emblica officinalis Gaertn 5
5 Aragavadha Cassia Fistula Linn 7
6 Arka (Rt.) Calotropis procera R. Br. 8
7 Arka (Lf.) Calotropis Procera R. Br. 10
8 Asana (Ht.Wd.) Pterocarpus marsupium Roxb. 12
9 Ashoka (St. Bk.) Saraca asoca DC. Willd 14
10 Asvagandha (Rt.) Withania somnifera Dunal 15
11 Asvattha (Bk) Ficus religiosa Linn 17
12 Atasi Linum usitatissimum Linn. 19
13 Atibala (Rt.) Abutilon indicum (Linn) Sw 20
14 Ativisa (Rt) Aconitum heterophyllum Wall ex Royle 22
15 Babbula (St.Bk.) Acacia nilotica Willd. Ex Del. Sp. Indica Brenan 24
16 Bakuci (Frt) Psoralea Corylifolia Linn. 25
17 Bibhitaka (Frt.) Terminalia belerica Roxb. 26
18 Bilva (Frt. Pulp) Aegle marmelos Corr. 27
19 Candrasura (Sd.) Lepidium sativum Linn 28
20 Citraka (Rt.) Plumbago zeylanica Linn 29
21 Dhanyaka (Frt.) Coriandrum sativum Linn 30
22 Dhataki (Fl) Woodfordia fruticosa Kurz 32
23 Eranda (Rt.) Ricinus communis Linn 34
24 Gambhari (Rt. Bk.) Gmelina arborea Roxb. 36
25 Goksura (Rt) Tribulus terrestris Linn 38
26 Goksura (Frt) Tribulus terrestris Linn 40
27 Guduci (St.) Tinospora cordifolia Miers. 41
28 Guggulu Commiphora wightti Bhand. 43
29 Gunja (Sd.) Abrus precatorius Linn 44
30 Haridra (Rz.) Curcuma longa Linn 45
31 Haritaki (Frt) Terminalia chebula Retz. 47
32 Hingu Gerula foetida Regel 49
33 Jatamansi Nardostachys jatamansi DC 51
34 Jatiphala (Sd) Myristica fragrans Houtt. 53
35 Kampilla (Frt) Mallotus philippinensis Muell-Arg. 55
36 Kancanara (St. Bk.) Bauhinia variegate Blume 56
37 Kankola Piper cubeda Linn 58
38 Kantakari Solanum surattense Burm. f. 59
39 Kanyasara (Lf.) Aloe barbadensis Mill. 62
40 Karanja (Sd.) Pongamia pinnata Merr. 63
41 Karavira Nerium indicum Mill 64
42 Karkatasrngi Pistacia chinensis Burgo 66
43 Karpasa Gossypium herbaceum Linn 67
44 Kaseru Scirpus kysoor Roxb. 68
45 Ketaki Pandanus tectorius Soland ex Parkinson 69
46 Khadira Acacia catechu Willd. 70
47 Kiratatikta Swertia chirata Buch-Ham 71
48 Krsnajiraka Carum carvi Linn 73
49 Kulattha Vigna unquiculata Walp 75
50 Kustha Saussurea lappa C.B. Clarke 76
51 Kutaja Holarrhena antidyasenterica A.DC. 78
52 Lavanga Syzygium aromaticum Merr. And M.Perry 80
53 Lodhra Symplocos racemosa Roxb. 82
54 Madana Xeromphis spinosa Keay 84
55 Misreya Foeniculum vulgare Mill 86
56 Nyagrodha Ficus bengalensis Linn 88
57 Pasanabheda Bergenia ciliate sternb 90
58 Patha Cissampelos pareira Linn 92
59 Puga Areca catechu Linn 94
60 Punarnava Boerhaavia diffusa Linn 95
61 Saptaparna Alstonia scholaris (Linn) 97
62 Sati Hedychium spicatum Ham. Ex Smith 99
63 Snuhi Euphorbia neriifolia Linn 100
64 Suksmaila Elettaria cardamomum Maton 101
65 Sunthi Zingiber officinale Roxb. 103
66 Svarnapatri Cassia angustifolia Vahl. 105
67 Svetajiraka Cuminum cyminum Linn 106
68 Sveta Sariva Hemidesmus indicus (Linn) 107
69 Tagara Valeriana wallichii DC 109
70 Tamalaki Phyllanthus fraternus Webst 111
71 Tvak Cinnamomum zeylanicum Blume 113
72 Tavakapatra Cinnamomum tamala Nees and Eberm 115
73 Udumbara Ficus racemosa Linn 117
74 Upakuncika Nigella sativa Linn 119
75 Varuna Crataeva nurvala Buch-Ham 120
76 Vasa Adhatoda vasica Nees 122
77 Vidanga Embelia ribes burm f. 123
78 Vijaya Cannabis sativa Linn 125
79 Yasti Glycyrrihiza glabra Linn 127
80 Yavani Trachyspermum ammi Sprague ex Turril 129

Appendix I
1 Apparatus for Test and Assays 135
1.1 Nessler cylinder 135
1.2 Sieves 135
1.3 Thermometers 135
1.4 Volumetric Glass-Ware 136
1.5 Weights and Balances 136
Appendix II
2.1 Testing of Drugs 137
2.1.1 Systematic Study of Crude Drugs 137
2.1.2 Microscopic Methods of Examining Crude vegetable Drugs 137
2.1.3 Types of Stomata 140
2.1.4 Determination of Stomata Index 140
2.1.5 Determination of Palisade Ratio 141
2.1.6 Determination of Vein-Islet Number 141
2.2 Determination of Quantitative Data for Vegetable Drugs 142
2.2.1 Sampling of Vegetable Drugs 142
2.2.2 Foreign Matter and Determination of Foreign Matter 142
2.2.3 Determination of Total Ash 143
2.2.4 Determination of Acid-Insoluble Ash 143
2.2.5 Determination of Water-Soluble Ash 143
2.2.6 Determination of Alcohal-Soluble Extractive 143
2.2.7 Determination of Water-Soluble Extractive 143
2.2.8 Determination of Ether-Soluble Extractive 143
2.2.9 Determination of Moisture Content 143
2.2.10 Determination of Volatile Oil in Drugs 143
2.2.11 Special Processes used in Alkaloidal Assays 146
2.2.11-a Continuous Extraction of Drugs 146
2.2.11-b Tests for Complete Extraction of Alkaloids 146
2.3 Limit Tests 147
2.3.1 Limit Test for Arsenic 147
2.3.2 Limit Test for Clorides 149
2.3.3 Limit Test for Heavy Metals 150
2.3.4 Limit Test for Iron 151
2.3.5 Limit Test for Lead 152
2.3.6 Sulphated Ash 152
2.3.7 Limit Test for Sulphates 153
Appendix III
3 Physical Tests and Determinations 154
3.1 Determination of Boiling or Distilling Range 154
3.2 Determination of Congealing Range or Temperature 155
3.3 Determination of pH Value 156
3.4 Determination of Melting Range or Melting Temperature 157
3.5 Optical Rotation and Specific Optical Rotation 158
3.6 Powder Fineness 160
3.7 Refractive Fineness 161
3.8 Weight Per Millilitre and Specific Gravity 161
Appendix IV
4 Reagents and Solutions 162
Appendix V
5 General Informations 199
5.1 Sodhana of Crude Drugs 199
5.2 Definition and Method of Preparing of Kvatha or Decoction 199
Appendix VI
6.1 Weights and Measures 201
6.2 Definition and Method of Preparing of Kvatha or Decoction 199
Appendix VII
7 Classical Ayurvedic References 203
Index 215
English equivalents of Ayurvedic Clinical Conditions and Diseases 235
Monograph published in Volume-II 257
Monograph published n Volume III 259

CONTENTS

VOLUME II

Legal Notices Viii
General Notices ix-xii
Preface xiii-xvii
Introduction xix-xxix
1 Akarakarabha Anacyclus pyrethrum DC 1-2
2 Aksoda Juglans regia Linn 3-4
3 Amrata Spondian pinnata Linn. F. Kurz 5-6
4 Apamarga Achyranthes aspera Linn 7-9
5 Aparajita Clitoria ternatea Linn 10-11
6 Ardraka Zingiber officinale Rosc. 12-14
7 Arimeda Acacial leucophloea Willd 15-16
8 Arjuna Terminalia arjuna W & A 17-18
9 Bhallataka Semecarpus anacardium Linn 19-20
10 Bhrngaraja Eclipta alba Hassk 21-24
11 Brahmi Bacopa monnieri Wettst 25-26
12 Brhati Solanum indicum Linn 27-28
13 Cavya Piper retrofractum Vahl 29-30
14 Dadima Punica granatum Linn 31-32
15 Daruharidra Berberis aristata DC 33-34
16 Dronapuspi Leucas cephalotes Spreng 35-37
17 Ervaru Cucumis melo var. utilissimus Buthie and Fuller 38-39
18 Gajapippali Scindapsus officinalis Linn 40-41
19 Gambhari Gmelina arborea Roxb 42-43
20 Gangeru Grewia tenax Aschers and Schwf 44-45
21 Gunja Abrus precatorius Linn 46-47
22 Iksu Saccharum officinarum Linn 48-49
23 Indravaruni (Rt) Citrullus colocynthis Schrad 50-51
24 Indravaruni (Lf) Citrullus colocynthis Schrad 52-53
25 Jambu (Sd) Syzygium ciminii Skeels 54-55
26 Jambu (St. Bk.) Syzygium ciminii Skeels 56-57
27 Jayapala Croton tiglium Linn 58-59
28 Jayanti Sesbania sesban Merr. 60-61
29 Jyotismati Celastrus paniculatus Willd 62-63
30 Kadamba Anthocephalus cadamba Miq 64-65
31 Kakamaci Solanum nigrum Linn 66-68
32 Kamala Nelumbo nucifera Pongamia Pinnata Merr.Gaertn 69-70
33 Kapittha Feronia limonia Swingle 71-72
34 Karamarda Carissa Carandas Linn 73-74
35 Karanja (Rt.Bk.) Pongamia Pinnata Merr. 75-76
36 Karanja (Rt.) Pongamia Pinnata Merr. 77-78
37 Karanja (St.Bk.) Pongamia Pinnata Merr. 79-80
38 Karanja (Lf.) Pongamia Pinnata Merr. 81-82
39 Karavallaka Momordica charatia Linn 83-84
40 Katuka Picrorhiza kurroa Royale ex Benth 85-87
41 Kokilaksa Asteracantha longifolica Nees 88-90
42 Kokilaksa Asteracantha longifolica Nees 91-92
43 Kokilaksa Asteracantha longifolica Nees 93-94
44 Kozuppa Portulaca oleracea Linn 95-97
45 Lajjalu Mimosa Pudica Linn 98-101
46 Madhuka Madhuca indica J.F. Gmel 102-103
47 Matsyaksi Alternanthera sessilis R. Br. 104-106
48 Methi Trigonella Foenum-Graecum Linn 107-108
49 Mulaka (W.P) Raphanus Sativus Linn 109-111
50 Mulaka (Rt.) Raphanus Sativus Linn 112-113
51 Mura Selinum candollei DC 114-115
52 Murva Marsdenia Tenacissima Wight.a nd Arn 116-117
53 Nagakesar Mesua Gerrea Linn 118-119
54 Nili (Lf.) Indigofera tinctoria Linn 120-121
55 Nili (Rt.) Indigofera tinctoria Linn 122-123
56 Nimba (Lf.) Azadirachta indica A. Juss. 124-125
57 Nimba (Rt.) Azadirachta indica A. Juss. 126-127
58 Palasa Butea monosperma Kuntze 128-130
59 Paribhadra Erythrina indica Lam 131-132
60 Pippalimula Piper longum Linn 133-134
61 Plaksa Ficus lacor Buch. Ham 135-136
62 Prasarini Paederia foetida Linn 137-140
63 Priyala Buchanania lanzan Spreng 141-142
64 Priyangu Callicarpa macrophylla Vahl 143-144
65 Sali Oryza sativa Linn 145-146
66 Sankhapuspi Convolvulus pluricaulis Choisy 147-149
67 Saptala Euphorbia dracunculoides Lam 150-152
68 Satahva Aethum sowa Roxb. Ex Flem 153-154
69 Sigru Moringa oleifera Lam 155-157
70 Sthulaela Amomum subulatum Roxb. 158-159
71 Tejovati Zanthoxylum armatum DC 160-161
72 Tulasi (W.P.) Ocimum Sanctum Linn 162-164
73 Tulasi (Lf.) Ocimum Sanctum Linn 165-167
74 Vaca Acorus calamus Linn 168-170
75 Vatsanabha Aconitum chasmanthum stapf Ex Holmes 171-172
76 Vidari Pueraria tuberose DC 173-174
77 Yava Hordeum Vulgare Linn 175-176
78 Yavasaka Alhagi pseudalhagi Desv. 177-179

APPENDIX
Appendix 1
1.1 Apparatus for Tests and Assays 180-182
Appendix 2
2.1 Testing of Drugs 183-189
2.2 Determination of Quantitative Data for vegetable Drugs 189-196
2.3 Limit Tests 197-205
Appendix 3
3.1 Physical Tests and Determinations 205-208
Appendix 4
4.1 Reagents and Solutions 209-261
Appendix 5
5.1 Weighs and Measure 262
5.2 Approximate Equivalents of Does in Indian System and Metric System
Appendix 6
6.1 Classical Ayurvedic References 263-348
Index 349-368

CONTENTS

VOLUME III

Legal Notices Ix
General Notices xi-xiv
Preface xv-xix
Introduction xxi-xxxiii
1 Adhaki Cajanus cajan Millsp 1-2
2 Aginimantha Clerodendrum phomidis Linn 3-4
3 Ambasthaki Hibiscus sabdariffa Linn 5-6
4 Amra (Sd.) Mangifera indica Linn 7-8
5 Amra (St.Bk.) Mangifera indica Linn 9-10
6 Amrata Spondias pinnata Kurz 11-12
7 Apamarga Achyranthes aspera Linn 13-14
8 Aralu Ailanthus excelsa Roxb 15-16
9 Arka Calotropis procera R. Br. 17-18
10 Asana Pterocarpus marsupium Roxb. 19-20
11 Asthisamhrta Cissus quadrangularis Linn 21-22
12 Atmagupta Mucuna prurita Hook 23-24
13 Bharangi Clerodendrum serratum Linn 25-26
14 Bijapura Citrus medica Linn 27-28
15 Bilva Aegle marmelos Corr. 29-31
16 Bimbi Coccinia indica W. And A. 32-35
17 Cangeri Oxalis corniculata Linn 36-38
18 Cirabilva Holoptelea integrifolia planch 39-40
19 Danti Baliospermum mantanum Mell-sSrg 41-42
20 Dhattura Datura metel Linn 43-44
21 Draksa Vitis Vinifera linn 45-46
22 Durva Vynodon dactylon Pers. 47-48
23 Eranda (Fr. Lf.) Ricinus communis Linn 49-50
24 Eranda (Sd.) Ricinus communis Linn 51-52
25 Gambhari Gmelina arborea Roxb. 53-54
26 Gojihova Onosma bracteatum Wall 55-57
27 Granthiparni Leonotis nepetaefolia R. Br. 58-59
28 Hamsapadi Adiantum lunulatum Brum 60-62
29 Hapusa Juniperus communis Linn 63-64
30 Indravaruni Citrullus colocynthis Schrad 65-66
31 Indrayava Holarrhena antidysenterica Wall 67-68
32 Isvari Aristolochia indica Linn 69-70
33 Jati Jasminum officinale Linn 71-72
34 Kadali Musa paradisiaca Linn 73-74
35 Kakajangha (Rt.) Peristrophe bicalysulata Linn 75-76
36 Kakajangha (Sd.) Martynia annua Linn 77-78
37 Kakoli Lilium polyphyllum D. Don 79-80
38 Kamala Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn 81-83
39 Karavira Nerium indicum Mill 84-85
40 Karamarda Carissa Carandas Linn 86-87
41 Kasa Saccharum spontaneum Linn 88-89
42 Katphala (Frt) Myrica esulenta Buch-Ham ex D. Don 90-91
43 Katphala (St.Bk.) Myrica esulenta Buch-Ham ex D. Don 92-93
44 Kola (Frt. Pulp) Zizyphus jujuba Lam 94-95
45 Kola (St. Bk) Zizyphus jujuba Lam 96-97
46 Kosataki Luffa acutangula Roxb. 98-101
47 Kumuda Nymphaea alba Linn 102-103
48 Kusa Desmostachya bepinnata Stapf 104-105
49 Langali Gloeiosa superba Linn 106-107
50 Lasuna Allium sativum Linn 108-109
51 Mahabala Sida rhombifolia Linn 110-111
52 Manjistha Rubia cordifolia Linn 112-114
53 Marica Piper nigrum Linn 115-117
54 Masaparni Teramnuisa labialis Spreng 118-120
55 Masura Lens culinaris Medic 121-122
56 mudga Phaseolus radiatus Linn 123-124
57 Mulaka Raphanus sativus Linn 125-126
58 Munditika Sphaeranthus indius Linn 127-128
59 Musta Cyperus rotundus Linn 129-130
60 Nagavalli Piper betle Linn 131-133
61 Narikela Cocos nucifera Linn 134-135
62 Nicula Barringtonia acutangula Gaertn 136-137
63 Nili Indigofera tinctoria Linn 138-141
64 Nirgundi Vitex negundo Linn 142-144
65 Padmaka Prunus cerasoides D. Don 145-146
66 Patala Stereospermum suaveolens DC 147-148
67 Phalgu (Frt.) Ficus hispida Linn 149-150
68 Phalgu (Rt.) Ficus hispida Linn 151-152
69 Prapunnada Cassia tora Linn 153-154
70 Raktacandana Pterocarpus santalinus Linn 155-156
71 Raktapunarnava Boerhaavia diffusa Linn 157-158
72 Ramasitalika Amaranthus tricolour Linn 159-161
73 Rasna Pluchea lanceolata Oliver and Hiem 162-164
74 Sahacara Barleria prionitis Linn 165-168
75 Sahadevi Vernonia cinerea Lees 169-171
76 Saileya Parmelia perlata Ach. 172-173
77 Saka Tectona grandis Linn 174-175
78 Sakhotaka Streclus asper Lour 176-177
79 Salaparni Desmodium gangeticum DC 178-180
80 Sali Oryza sativa Linn 181-182
81 Salmali Bombax ceiba Linn 183-184
82 Sana Crotolaria juncea Linn 185-186
83 Sara Saccharum bengalense Retz. 187-188
84 Sarala (Ht.Wd.) Pinus roxburghii Sargent 189-190
85 Sarala (Rt.) Pinus roxburghii Sargent 191-192
86 Sarsapa Brassica Campestris Linn 193-194
87 Satapatrika Rosa centifolia Linn 195-196
88 Simsapa (Ht.Wd.) Dalbergia sisoo Roxb. 197-198
89 Simsapa (St.Bk.) Dalbergia sisoo Roxb 199-200
90 Sirisa Albizzia lebbeck Benth 201-202
91 Sthauneya Taxus baccata Linn 203-204
92 Surana Amorphophallus campanulatus Blume 205-206
93 Svetacandana Santalum album Linn 207-208
94 Syonaka Oroxylum indicum Vent 209-210
95 Tala Borassus flabellifer Linn 211-212
96 Trivrt Operculina turpethum Silva Manso 213-214
97 Tumbini Lagenaria seceraria Standl. 215-216
98 Udumbara Ficus glomerata Roxb 217-218
99 Usira Vetieria zizanioides Nash 219-220
100 Utpala Nymphoea stellata Willd 221-223

APPENDIX 1
1.1 Apparatus for Test and Assays 224-226
Appendix 2
2.1 Testing of Drugs 227-233
2.2 Determination of Quantitative Data of Vegetable Drugs 233-240
2.3 Limit Tests 241-249
Appendix 3
3.1 Physical Tests of Determination 250-252
Appendix 4
4.1 Reagents and Solutions 253-305
Appendix 5
5.1 Weights and Measures 306
5.2 Approximate Equivalents of does in Indian System and Metric System
Appendix 6 Classical Ayurvedic References 412-434
Index
English equivalents of Ayurvedic clinical conditions and diseases 435-453
Definition of Rasa 454
Definition of Guna 454
Definition of Vipaka 455
Definition of Virya 455
CONTENTS

VOLUME IV

Legal Notices Ix
General Notices xi-xiv
Preface xv-xix
Introduction xxi-xxxiii
1 Adhaki Cajanus cajan Millsp 1-3
2 Agaru Aquilaria agallocha Roxb. 4-5
3 Aklari Lodoicea maldivica Pers. 6-7
4 Aparajita Clitoria ternatea Linn 8-9
5 Atmagupta Mucuna prurita Hook 10-11
6 Bilva Aegle marmelos Corr. 12-13
7 Champaka Michelia champaca Linn 14-15
8 Cinca Tamarindus indica Linn 16-17
9 Dadima (Fr. Fruit) Punica granatum Linn 18
10 Dadima (Ft. Rind) Punica granatum Linn 19-20
11 Dadima (Lf.) Punica granatum Linn 21-22
12 Devadaru Cedrus deodara Loud 23-24
13 Dhattura Datura metel Linn 25-27
14 Durva Cynodon dactylon 28-30
15 gambhari Gmelina arborea Linn 30-32
16 Iksu Saccharum oficinarum Linn 33-34
17 Kadali Musa paradisiacal Linn 35-36
18 Karcura Curcuma zedoaria Rosc 37-38
19 Kasturilatika Hibiscus abelmoschus Linn 39-40
20 Kataka Strychnos potatorum Linn 41-42
21 Kharjura (Drd. Ft.) Phoenix Dactylifera Linn 43-44
22 Kharjura (Fr. Ft.) Phoenix Dactylifera Linn 45-46
23 Krsnasariva Cryptolepis buchanani Roem and Schult 47-49
24 Kunduru Boswellia Serrata Roxb. 50-51
25 Kunkuma Crocus sativus Linn 52-54
26 Kusmanda Benincasa hispida Cogn 55-56
27 Madayanti Lawsonia ineris Linn 57-58
28 Mahanimba Melia azedarach Linn 59-60
29 Mandukaparni Centella asiatica Urban 61-63
30 Mayakku Quercus infectoria Oliv 64-66
31 Mudgaparni Vigna trilobata Verdc 67-69
32 Munditika Sphaeranthus indicus Linn 70-72
33 Nayagrodha Jata Ficus Bengalensis Linn 73-74
34 Nimbu Citrus limon Burm. F. 75
35 Nirgundi Vitex negundo Linn 76-77
36 Palasa (Fl.) Butea monosperma Kuntze 78-79
37 Palasa (Gum) Butea monosperma Kuntze 80-81
38 Palasa (Sd.) Butea monosperma Kuntze 82-83
39 Parpata Fumaria parviflora Lam 84-86
40 Patalai Stereospermum chelonoides DC 87-88
41 Pattanga Caesaplinia sappan Linn 89-90
42 Pippali Piper Longum Linn 91-92
43 Plaksa Ficus lacor Buch-Ham 93-94
44 Priyala Buchanania lanzan Spreng 95-96
45 Priyangu Callicarpa macrophylla Vahl 97-98
46 Prsniparni Uraria picta desv 99-101
47 Puskara Inula racemosa Hook 102-103
48 Rudraksa Elaeocarpus sphaericus Gaertn. K. Schum 104-105
49 Saraja Vateria Indica Linn 106-107
50 Satavari Asparagus recemousus Wlld 108-109
51 Sigru (Rt. Bk.) Moringa Oleifera Lam 110-111
52 Sigru (Sd.) Moringa Oleifera Lam 112-113
53 Sigru (St. Bk.) Moringa Oleifera Lam 114-115
54 Srngataka Trapa natans Linn 116-117
55 Sruvavrksa (Lf.) Flacourtia indica Merr 118-119
56 Sruvavrksa (St. Bk.) Flacourtia indica Merr 120-121
57 Talamuli Curculigo orchiodies Gaertn 122-123
58 Talisa Abies webbiana Lindl. 124-125
59 Tila Sesamum indicum Linn 126-127
60 Tulasi Ocimum sanctum Linn 128-129
61 Tumburu Zanthoxylum armatum DC 130-131
62 Utingana Blepharis persica O. Kuntze 132-133
63 Varahi Dioscorea buldifera Linn 134-135
64 Varsabhu Triantheman portulacastrum Linn 136-137
65 Vasa Adhatoda zeylanica Medic 138-139
66 Visamusti Strychnos nux-Vomica Linn 140-142
67 Vrscikalli Tragia involucrate Linn 143-145
68 Yava Hordeum vulgare Linn 146-148

APPENDIX 1
1.1 Apparatus for Test and Assays 149-151
Appendix 2
2.1 Testing of Drugs 152-158
2.2 Determination of Quantitative Data of Vegetable Drugs 158-165
2.3 Limit Tests 166-174
Appendix 3
3.1 Physical Tests of Determination 175-177
Appendix 4
4.1 Reagents and Solutions 178-230
Appendix 5 231
5.1 Weights and Measures
5.2 Approximate Equivalents of does in Indian System and Metric System
Appendix 6 Classical Ayurvedic References 232-339
Index 340-355


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