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Books > Hindu > Bhakti Rasamrta Sindhu (In Two Volumes): With the Commentary of Srila Jiva Gosvami and Visvanatha Cakravarti Thakur
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Bhakti Rasamrta Sindhu (In Two Volumes): With the Commentary of Srila Jiva Gosvami and Visvanatha Cakravarti Thakur
Bhakti Rasamrta Sindhu (In Two Volumes): With the Commentary of Srila Jiva Gosvami and Visvanatha Cakravarti Thakur
Description
Back of the Book

Obsessed by the desire to benefit all the devotees of the Lord, the esteemed author, Srila Rupa Gosvami, compiled this remarkable work, the scripture called Bhakti-rasamrta sindhu, using the rasas presented in srima-Bhagavatam, which appeared within the lotus bud of his heart.

Foreword

Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu is one of the major works of Srila Rupa Gosvami, and a mainstay of the Gaudiya Vaisnava sampradaya. Srila Jiva Gosvami has admitted that it may be difficult for readers to understand portions of the text, and therefore wrote a commentary to elucidate certain points. Srila Visvanatha Cakravarti has written an additional commentary. In the Eastern Section, Jiva's complete commentary has been translated, and Visvanatha's commentary has been fully translated with the exception of portions, which are identical to Jiva's commentary. The other Sections in general have less extensive commentaries. For these portions Jiva's commentary has been fully translated points are made. In some cases he explains the meaning of the verses quoted and these have simply been incorporated in the translation of the verse without translating the commentary.

Contents
tr>
Forewordi
The Eastern Section: Types of Bhakti1-75
I.Introduction
A. Mangalacarana7
B. Guru-vandana22
C. Vaisnava-vandana22
D. Grantha-vibhaga27
II.Definition of Uttama-bhakti29
III.Six unique qualities of Uttama-bhakti40
A.Klesa-ghni (destruction of suffering)41
1. Papa (sinful reactions)41
a) Aprarabdha48
b) Kuta48
c) Bija48
d) Prarabdha48
2. Papa-bija (desire)50
3. Avidya (ignorance)51
B.Subha-da (Bestowal of auspiciousness)55
1. Sarva-jagatam prinanam (compassion for the world)57
2. Anuraktata (object of affection for the world)57
3. Sad-guna (good qualities)57
4. Sukha (happiness)58
C. Moksa-laghuta-krt (disregard for liberation)60
D.Sudurlabha (rarity)61
1. Not attained without asakti62
2. Not attained quickly even with asakti67
E.Sandrananda-visesatma (intense bliss)68
F. Sri-krsnakarsini (attractive to Krsna)70
IV.Qualification for understanding Bhakti74
The Second Wave: Sadhana-bhakti77-348
1.Definition of Sadhana-bhakti85
A.Vaidhi-bhakti
1. Definition of Vaidhi-bhakti90
2. Results of Vaidhi-bhakti95
3. Qualification for Vaidhi-bhakti: Faith in Scriptures
a) Uttamadikari101
b) Madhyamadhikari102
c) Kanisthadhikari102
d) Purification of Mixed Devotees103
e) Rejection of desire for Bhukti and Mukti110
f) Highest Qualification: Devotee of Govinda138
(1) Difference between Govinda and Visnu139
g) Rejection of Varna and Asrama as a Qualification for Bhakti148
4.Definition of an Anga of Bhakti158
5.Angas of Bhakti listed with examples
a) The Door to Bhakti
(1) The first ten injunctions:159
Most Important are:162
(a) Take shelter of a Guru
(b) Take Diksa and Siksa
( c) Serve the Guru
b) The remaining forty-four Angas163
(1) Whole body: 11 Items164
(2) Voice: 5 Items164
(3) Taste: 2 Items164
(4) Smell: 1 Items164
(5) Touch: 1 Item164
(6) Sight: 2 Items164
(7) Hearing: I1 Item164
(8) Mind: 9 Items164
(9) Tadiya-seva: 4 Items165
(10) Mixed: 3 Items165
(11) 5 Important Items repeated165
c) Glorification of the Five prominent Angas269
(1) Murti, Bhagavatam, Krsna-bhakta, Nama, Mathura-mandala
6.Rejected as Angas of Uttama-bhakti
a) Varnasrama279
b) Jnana and Phalgu-Vairagya282
(1) Definition of Yukta-vairagya289
c) Bhakti dependent on wealth and followers292
d) Cultivation of Good Qualities and Good Conduct293
7.Practicing one Anga296
8.Practicing many Angas297
B.Raganuga-bhakti299
1. Definition of Raganuga-bhakti299
a) Definition of Ragatmika-bhakti300
(1) Kama-ruparagatmika-bhakti314
(2) Sambandha-ruparagatmika-bhakti319
2.Qualification for Raganuga-bhakti323
3.Angas of Raganuga: same as Vaidhi where favorable
a) Internal service following nitya-siddhas327
b) External service following acaryas327
4.Type of Raganuga
a) Kamanuga330
(1) Sambhogeccha-mayi332
(2) External service following acaryas327
4.Types of Raganuga
a) Kamanuga330
(1) Sambhogeccha-mayi332
(2) Tad-tad-bhavecchatmika332
(b) Sambandhanuga342
The Third Wave: Bhava-bhakti349-394
I.Definition of Bhava-bhakti353
II.Causes of Bhava-bhakti360
A. From Sadhana362
1. Vaidhi-sadhana363
2. Raganuga-sadhana366
B.From Mercy367
1. Mercy of Krsna368
a) From Words368
b) From Presence369
c) Within the Heart369
2.Mercy of the Devotee370
III.Anubhavas (typical actions) of the Bhava-bhakta372
IV.Raty-abhasa (resemblance to bhava or rati)383
A. Pratibimba: reflection, appearing in impersonalists and materialists383
B. Chaya: splendor, appearing in the curious386
V.Destruction of Bhavabhasa and Bhava388
VI.Apparent faults in the Bhava-bhakta392
The Fourth Wave: Prema-bhakti395-416
I.Definition of Prema-bhakti399
II.Cause of Prema-bhakti402
A. From Vaidha-bhava arising from vaidhi-sadhana403
B. From Raganugiya-bhava arising from Raganuga-sadhana404
C. From Krsna's Mercy405
1. Mahatmya-jnana-yukta (for Vaidha-bhaktas)408
2. Kevala (for Raganuga-bhaktas)408
III.Stages leading to Prema410
The Southern Section: Components of Rasa417
The First Wave: Vibhava419-648
I.Cause of Bhakti-rasa426
II.Components of rasa426
A. Vibhava, Anubhava, Sattvika-bhava, Vyabhicari-bhava, sthayi-bhava426
III.Definition of Vibhava431
A.Alambana431
1. Visaya: the experienced object of love432
2. Asraya: the experiencer432
B.Uddipana: the stimulants for invoking love in the visaya432
IV.Krsna as the Visaya
A. Other forms: expanding as the cowherd boys and calves434
B. Svarupa435
1. Disguised435
2. Undisguised435
C. The Qualities of Krsna as components of Visaya437
1. Fifty qualities available to jivas440
2. Five extra qualities in Siva442
3. Five extra qualities in Visnu443
4. Four extra qualities only in Krsna448
a) Lila-madhuryam: sweetness of Pastimes448
b) Premna Priyadhikyam: sweet Devotees448
c) Venu-madhuryam: Sweetness of His flute448
d) Rupa-madhuryam: Sweetness of His Form448
(1) Purna: in Dvaraka561
(2) Purnatara: in Mathura561
(3) Purnatama: in Vraja561
D.Krsna in four aspects563
1. dhirodatta564
2. dhira-lalita566
3. dhira-santa568
4. dhiroddhata570
E.Krsna with eight auspicious qualities582
V.Devotee as Asraya592
A. Type593
1. By Attainment
a) Sadhaka: Bhava-bhakta593
b) Siddha: Prema-bhakta596
(1) Samprapta-siddha596
(a) By sadhana596
(b) By mercy598
(2) Nitya-siddha600
2.By Rasa605
a) Santa605
b) Dasya605
c) Sakhya605
d) Vatsala605
e) Madhura605
VI.Uddipana606
A. Krsna's Qualities606
1. Bodily607
a) Age608
(1) Kaumara609
(2) Pauganda609
(3) Kaisora609
b) Beauty624
c) Form625
d) Softness626
2. Verbal627
3. Mental627
B. Krsna's Actions627
C. Krsna's Clothing629
D. Krsna's Accessories633
1. Hair style633
2. Garland633
3. Tilaka634
4. Tambula634
5. Lotus635
E.Krsna's Ornaments635
F.Smile636
G.Fragrance637
H.Flute638
I.Horn641
J.Anklets642
K.Conch643
L.Footprints644
M.Places645
N.Tulasi645
O.Devotee646
P.Festival Days648
The Second Wave: Anubhava649
I.Definition of Anubhava653
II.Sita654
A. Singing656
B. Yawning659
C. Breathing heavily660
D. Disregard661
E. Drooling662
F. Smiling654
III.Ksepana
A. Dancing654
B. Rolling on the ground655
C. Shouting657
D. Stretching the body658
E. Bellowing659
F. Laughing loudly663
G. Whirling about664
H. Hiccups664
The Third Wave: Sattvika-bhava667
I.Definition of Sattva and Sattvika-bhava671
II.Types:671
A. Snigdha: experienced by devotees, related to rasas672
1. Primary672
2. Secondary673
B. Digdha: experienced by devotees, not directly related to rasa with Krsna674
C. Ruksa: experienced by persons with raty-abhasa676
III.Cause of the Eight Sattvika-bhavas678
IV.Eight Sattvika-bhavas678
A. Stambha: Paralysis680
B. Sveda: Perspiration685
C. Svara-bheda: Choked voice690
D. Vepathu: Quivering of the body694
E. Vaivrnya: Change of complexion695
F. Asru: Tears699
G. Pralaya: Fainting702
V.Intensity705
A. Dhumayita: smoky: one sattvika-bhava, which can be concealed708
B. Jvalita: luminous: two or three sattvika-bhava at once, concealed with difficulty709
C. Dipta: brilliant: there to five sattvika-bhavas at once, unconcealed711
D. Uddipta: very brilliant: five or more Sattvika-bhavas at once712
E. Suddipta: supremely brilliant: intense Uddipta state in Maha-bhava713
VIAbhasa (false forms) of Sattvika-bhava714
A. Ratyabhasa-bhava-sattvikbhasa: generated by raty-abhasa715
B. Sattvabhasa-bhava-sattvikabhasa: generated by a touch of emotions715
C. Nihsattva: generated by practice717
D. Pratipa generated in enemies of Krsna719
The Fourth Wave: Vyachicari-bhava725
I.Definition of Vyabhicari-bhava727
II.Enumeration of Thirty-three Vyabhicari-bhavas729
III.Examples of the Vyabhicari-bhavas from different causes729
IV.Types of Vybhicari-bhavas830
A. Paratantra: Dependent on Rati, in a Devotee830
1. Vara: Superior830
a) Saksat: Related to Primary Rati831
b) Vyavahita: Related to Secondary Rati832
2. Avara: Inferior: caused by an Rati not related to Krsna in a devotee833
B. Svatantra: indirect relation to Rati, in Devotees835
1. Rati-sunya: in impure devotees with chaya-rati836
2. Rati-anusparsana: in the devotee with genuine Rati, not related to Krsna837
3. Rati-gandha: in devotees with Rati, indirectly related to Krsna839
VI.Vyabhicary-abhasa840
A. Pratikulya: in hostile persons841
B. Anaucitya: in objects incapable of rasa842
1. Asatya: in plants843
2. Ayogya: in animals843
VII.Stages of Vyabhicari-bhavas845
A. Utpatti: Appearance845
B. Sandhi: Mixing846
C. Sabalya: Disappearance 853
VII.Varieties of Mind Which Affected the Strength of Vyabhicari-bhavas858
A. Repressive858
1. Garistha: heavy858
2. Gambhira: deep858
3. Mahistha: expansive858
4. Karkasa: hard858
B. Receptive859
1. Laghistha: light859
2. Uttana: on the surface859
3. Ksodistha: small859
4. Komala: soft859
The Fifth Wave: Sthayi-bhava869
I.Definition of Sthayi-bhava873
II.Mukhya-rati (Primary Sthayi-bhava):874
A. Roles: 874
1. Svartha: nourishes itself874
2. Parartha: allows secondary rati to become predominant875
B. Types:875
1. Suddha-rati876
a) Samanya-rati877
b) Svaccha-rati880
c) Santa-rati884
2. Kevala (pure) or Sankula (mixture of primary rules)887
a) Priti-rati (Dasya)888
b) Sakhya-rati890
c) Vatsala-rati892
3. Priyata-rati (Madhura-rati)894
III.Gauna-rati (Secondary Sthayi-bhava)896
A. Types897
1. Hasa904
2. Adbhuta906
3. Utsaha907
4. Soka909
5. Krodha910
6. Bhaya912
7. Jugupsa914
IV.Power of Rati
A. Rati as the Principal Cause of Vibhava, Anubhava and other Elements919
B. Other Elements increase Rati926
C. Hearing about previous devotees invokes Rati927
D. The combination of elements and hearing about previous devotees produces complete satisfaction in the devotee934
E. Suffering caused by soka-rati is only apparent941
V.Production of Rasa from Rati
A. Primary Rasa945
1. Santa-rasa945
2. Priti-rasa945
3. Preyo-rasa945
4. Vatsala-rasa945
5. Madhura-rasa945
B. Secondary Rasa945
1. Hasya-rasa945
2. Adbhuta-rasa945
3. Vira-rasa945
4. Raudra-rasa945
5. Bhayanaka-rasa945
6. Bibhatsa-rasa945
VI.Colors and Deities of the Rasas946
VII. Taste in the Rasas:948
A. Purti: Santa-rasa948
B. Vikasa: all rasas from Priti to Hasya948
C. Vistara: Adbhuta and Vira948
D. Viksepa: Karuna and Raudra948
E. Ksobha: Bhayanaka and Bibhatsa948
VIII.Blissful Nature of Rasa949
IX.Disqualification for Rasa955
X.Difference between Rasa and Bhava957
contents of Vol.II
Forewordi
The Western Section: Primary Bhakti-rasas1
The first Wave: Santa-rasa3-34
I.Definition8
II.Alambana:12
A. Visaya: from of Visnu12
B. Santa-bhakta13
1. Atmaramas13
2. Tapasvis14
III. Uddipanas16
IV. Anubhavas19
V. Sattvika-bhavas: all except fainting22
VI.Vyabhicari-bhavas23
VII.Sthayi-bhava: Santa-rati24
A. Sama: Ordinary24
B. Sandra: Intense25
VIII.Types:26
A. Paroksya: in absence of the Lord26
B. Saksat: on seeing the Lord27
IX.Elevation of Santa-bhaktas to higher rasa29
X.Santa as Rasa31
A. Sama fixed on the Lord becomes rasa31
The Second Wave: Priti-rasa (Dasya-rasa)35-136
I.Definition41
II.Types42
A. Sambhrama-priti-rasa42
1. Alambana:42
a) Visaya: the Lord42
(1) Within Gokula43
(2) Outside Gokula43
b) Asraya: His servants47
(1) Adhikrta: devatas49
(2) Asrita:50
(a) Saranya: surrendered souls52
(b) Jnani-cara: previous jnanis53
c) Seva-nistha: fixed in service attitude54
3. Parisada: Lord's Retinues in Dvaraka: ideal is Uddhava56
(a) Form of the Parisada57
(b) His Bhakti57
4. Anuga-dasas: Lord's Attendants60
(a) Dvaraka61
(i) Their Form61
(ii) Vraja: ideal is Raktaka63
(i) His form63
(ii) His Bhakti63
(5) Types of Parisadas and Anuga-dasas:64
(a) Dhurya: serves the Lord and His devotees64
(b) Dhira: serves the Lord's consort65
c) Vira: serves only the Lord66
(6) Status in All Varieties:68
c) Uddipana69
d) Anubhavas71
(1) Unique to Dasya71
(2) Common with other Rasas73
e) Sattvika-bhavas: All74
f) Vyabhicari-bhavas: twenty-four 76
g) Sthayi-bhava: Sambhrama-priti, progressing to79
(1) Prema: in Adhikrtas and Asritas87
(2) Sneha in Parisadas87
(3) Raga in some Parisadas and all Anugas87
h) Ayoga: Separation91
(1) Utkanthita: longing before ever meeting91
(a) Vyabhicari-bhavas93
(2) Viyoga: longing in separation after meeting102
(a) Anubhavas and Vyabhicari-bhavas103
i) Yoga: Meeting 111
(1) Siddhi: first meeting 111
(2) Tusti: meeting after separation113
(3) Sthiti: eternal association114
(a) Anubhavas in Krsna's presence115
B. Gaurava-priti-rasa118
1. Definition118
2. Alambana119
a) Visaya: The Lord119
(1) Qualities120
b) Asraya: sons and sisters:
Chief: Pradyumna
(1) Their Form120
(2) Their Bhakti121
3. Uddipanas123
4. Anubhavas124
a) Unique124
b) Common with Sambhramadasas125
5. Sattvika-bhavas: All125
6. Vyabhicari-bhavas: same as per Sambhrama-priti126
7. Sthayi-bhava: Gaurava-priti-rati, progressing to:
a) Prema130
b) Sneha130
c) Raga130
8.Ayoga:132
a) Utkanthita133
b) Viyoga133
9.Yoga:134
a) Siddhi134
b) Tusti134
c) Sthiti135
The Third Wave: Preyo-bhakti-rasa137
I.Definition143
II.Alambana:143
A. Visaya: Krsna143
1. Vraja: two handed143
2. Other places: four handed144
3. Qualities146
B. Asraya: Vayasya: His Friends146
1. City Friends:147
a) Ideal: Arjuna149
b) Form149
c) Friendship149
2. Vraja friends:150
a) Form151
b) Friendship152
c) Types155
(1) Suhrt: older than Krsna, 155
(a) Ideals: Balarama, Mandalibhadra156
(b) Form157
(c) Friendship158
(2) Sakha: younder than Krsna159
a) Ideal: Devaprastha160
b) Form160
c) Friendship160
(3) Priya-sakha: same age as Krsna161
(a) Ideal: Sridama163
(b) Form163
c) Friendship164
(4) Priya-narma-sakha: Confidential Friends164
a) Ideal: Subala, Ujjvala165
C.Status:
(1) Nitya-siddha169
(2) Sadhana-siddha169
(3) Sura-cara: previously devatas (also sadhana-siddha)169
D.Uddipana:170
1. Krsna's age171
a) Kaumara: suitable for Vatsala-rasa171
b) Pauganda: ideal for Sakhya-rasa173
(1) Adya: beginning173
(a) Form173
(b) Dress174
c) Action175
(2) Madhya:middle176
(a) Form176
(b) Dress176
c) Actions176
(3) Sesa: end178
(a) Form178
(b) Dress179
(c) Actions180
c) Kaisora: Most attractive for all rasas182
2. Krsna's form183
3. Horn184
4. Flute184
5. Conch185
6. Joking actions185
E.Anubhavas186
1. Common to all friends186
2. For Suhrts187
3. For Sakhas187
4. For Priya-sakhas188
5. For Priya-narma-sakhas188
F.Sattvika-bhavas190
G.Vyabhicari-bhavas: thirty193
H.Sthayi-bhava: Sakhya-rati (visrambha), progressing to:194
1. Pranaya196
2. Prema197
3. Sneha198
4. Raga199
I.Ayoga:200
1. Utkanthika200
2. Viyoga
a) Anubhavas
b) Vyabhicari-bhavas201
J.Yoga:215
1. Siddhi215
2. Tusti216
3. Sthiti217
The Fourth Wave: Vatsala-rasa221
I.Definition225
II.Alambana225
A. Visaya: Krsna225
B. Asraya: Elders:230
1. Ideal: Nanda, Yasoda232
2. Form233
3. Their Vatsalya-bhakti235
III.Uddipana237
A. Age
1. Kaumara237
a) Adya: Beginning238
(1) Form238
(2) Activities239
(3) Decoration239
b) Madhyama: Middle240
(1) Form240
(2) Decoration242
c) Sesa: End243
(1) Form243
(2) Decoration244
(3) Activities244
2. Pauganda245
3. Kaisora246
IV.Anubhavas248
V.Sattvika-bhavas: All plus milk flowing from breasts250
VI.Vyabhicari-bhavas: twenty-five253
VII.Sthayi-bhava: Vatsala-rati254
A. Raga with occasional appearance of prema and sneha255
1. Prema256
2. Sneha262
3. Raga263
VIII.Ayoga263
A. Utkanthita263
B. Viyoga264
1. Vyabhicari-bhavas: Eight265
IX.Yoga
A. Siddhi270
B. Tusti270
C. Sthiti271
X.Sankula: Mixtures of Vatsala, Sakhya and Priti294
The Fifth Wave: Madhura-bhakti-rasa299
I.Definition303
II.Alambana304
A. Krsna304
B. Young women305
1. Ideal: Radha is Supreme305
2. Form306
3. Her Bhakti306
III.Uddipana308
IV.Anubhavas309
V.Sattvika-bhavas310
VI.Vyabhicari-bhavas: thirty:one311
VII.Sthayi-bhava: Madhura-rati313
VIII.Vipralambha: separation318
A. Purva-raga: separation before meeting for the first time318
B. Mana: pride causing separation320
C. Pravasa: separation after meeting321
IX.Sambhoga: Meeting322
The Northern Section: Secondary Bhakti-rasas325
The first Wave: Hasya-rasa327
I.Definition333
II.Alambana:334
A. Visaya: Krsna as a cause, but not the visaya334
B. Asraya: Tad-anvayi: Devotees335
III.Uddipana:337
A. Words337
B. Behavior337
C. Clothing337
IV.Sthayi-bhava337
Types:338
A. Smita: mild smile338
B. Hasita: over smile339
C. Vihasa: laughter340
D. Avahasita: intense laughter341
E. Apahasita: uncontrollable laughter342
F: Atihasita: extreme laughter343
The Second Wave: Adbhuta bhakti-rasa347
I.Definition351
II.Alambana
A. Visaya: Krsna351
B. Asraya: Devotee351
III.Uddipana351
A. Actions of Krsna351
IV.Anubhavas351
V.Sattvika-bhavas351
VI.Vyabhicari-bhavas352
VII.Sthayi-bhava: vismaya-rati352
A. Direct perception354
1. Seen 354
2. Heard356
3. Spoken356
B. Indirect: by inference357
The Third Wave: Vira-bhakti-rasa361
I.Definition365
II.Types:365
A. Yuddha-vira:365
1. Definition366
2. Alambana366
a) Visaya: Krsna, His friends366
b) Asraya: His friends366
3. Uddipana370
4. Anubhavas371
5. Sattvika-bhava: all373
6. Vyabhicari-bhavas: all373
7. Sthayi-bhava: Yuddhotsaha-rati: desire t win373
B. Dana-vira:377
1. Types:377
a) Bahu-prada: Giver of Profuse Gifts378
(1) Uddipana378
(2) Anubhavas378
(3) Sattvika-bhavas378
(4) Vyabhicari-bhavas378
(5) Sthayi-bhava: Danotsaha-rati378
(6) Types:379
(a) Abhyudayika: Giving on Special Occasions379
(b) Krsna-sampradanaka: 380
Giving in Surrender
(i) Priti dana380
(ii) Puja dana381
(b) Upasthita-durapartha-tyagi: Refusing the Lord's383
Benedictions
(1) Uddipanas384
(2) Anubhavas384
(3) Sattvika-bhavas (see (footnote I)384
(4) Vyabhicari-bhavas384
(5) Sthayi-bhava: Sthayi-bhava: Tyagotsaha-rati384
C.Daya-vira:387
1. Definition387
2. Uddipanas388
3. Anubhavas388
4. Sattvika-bhavas (see footnote 1)
5. Vyabhicari-bhavas388
6. Sthayi-bhava: Dayotsaha-rati388
D.Dharma-vira:391
1. Definition391
2. Uddipanas391
3. Anubhavas391
4. Sattvika-bhavas (see footnote I)391
5. Vyabhicari-bhavas391
6. Sthayi-bhava: Dharmotsaha-rati392
The Fourth Wave: Karuna-bhakti-rasa397
I.Definition399
II.Alambana399
A. Visaya
1. Krsna399
2. Friends399
3. Relatives and Others399
B. Asraya: Friends fo Krsna400
III.Uddipana400
IV.Anubhavas400
V.Sattvika-bhavas: All401
VI.Vyabhicari-bhavas401
VII.Sthayi-bhava: soka-rati401
A. Aries only because of intense Principal Rati405
B. Soka-rati causes lack of awareness of Krsna's powers405
C. Lamentation produces happiness408
The Fifth Wave: Raudra-bhakti-rasa413
I.Definition415
II.Alambana415
A. Visaya415
1. Krsna415
2. Friends418
a) Anavahita: Inattentive418
b) Sahasi: Rash420
c) Irsyu: Envious421
3. Enemies422
a) Unfriendly to self422
b) Unfriendly to Krsna423
B. Asraya: Krsna's Friends
III.Uddipanas423
IV.Anubhavas424
V.Sattvika-bhavas: all424
VI.Vyabhicari-bhavas424
VII.Sthayi-bhava: Krodha-rati424
A. Kopa: toward Krsna's enemies425
1. Anubhavas425
B. Manyu: toward one's friends425
a) Towards superiors425
b) Towards equals425
c) Towards inferiors425
1. Anubhavas425
C. Rosa: woman's anger against Krsna425
1. Anubhavas425
D. Examples426
The Sixth Wave: Bhayanaka-bhakti-rasa431
I.Definition435
II.Alambana:435
A. Fear related to Demons attacking Krsna:436
1. Fear related to Demons attacking Krsna:436
2. Asraya: Devotee436
3. Cause: demons436
B. Fear related to committing offenses against Krsna436
1. Visaya: self436
2. Asraya: self436
3. Cause: Krsna436
III.Uddipanas439
IV.Anubhavas439
V.Sattvika-bhavas: all except tears439
VI.Vyabhicari-bhavas440
VII.Sthayi-bhava: bhaya-rati440
A. Causes of Fear440
1. Fearful forms440
2. Fearful qualities440
3. Fearful powers440
The Seventh Wave: Bibhatsa-bhakti-rasa443
I.Definition447
II.Alambana447
A. Asraya:447
1. Tapasvi-santa-bhaktas447
2. Asrita-dasya-bhaktas447
B. Visaya:
1. Material body (Example)448
III.Anubhavas and Sattvika-bhavas448
IV.Vyabhicari-bhavas448
V.Sthayi-bhava:jugupsa-rati449
A. Viveka-ja: from philosophical contemplation449
B. Prayiki: from impure items450
Eight Wave: Friendly and Inimical Rasas455
I.Santa-rasa463
A. Friends463
1. Dasya463
2. Adbhuta463
3. Dharma-vira463
4. Bibhatsa463
B. Enemies466
1. Madhura466
2. Yuddha-vira466
II.Dasya-rasa466
A. Friends466
1. Santa466
2. Dharma-vira466
3. Dana-vira466
4. Bibhatsa466
B. Enemy 466
1. Madhura466
2. Yuddha-vira against Krsna466
3. Raudra towards Krsna466
III.Sakhya-rasa467
A. Friend467
1. Madhura467
2. Hasya467
3. Yuddha-vira467
B. Enemy467
1. Vatsala467
2. Raudra towards Krsna467
3. Bhayanaka towards Krsna467
IV.Vatsala-rasa468
A. Friend468
1. Hasya468
2. Karuna468
3. Bhayanaka468
B. Enemy468
1. Madhura468
2. Yuddha-vira468
3. Dasya468
4. Raudra468
V.Madhura-rasa469
A. Friend469
1. Hasya469
2. Sakhya469
3. Yuddha-vira469
4. Dharma-vira469
B. Enemy469
1. Vatsala469
2. Bibhatsa469
3. Santa469
4. Raudra469
5. Bhayanaka469
VI.Hasya-rasa470
A. Friend470
1. Bibhatsa470
2. Madhura470
3. Sakhya470
4. Vatsala470
B. Enemy470
1. Karuna470
2. Bhayanaka470
VII.Adbhuta-rasa470
A. Friend470
1. All primary rasas470
2. Vira-rasa470
B. Enemy470
1. Raudra470
2. Bibhatsa470
VIII.Vira-rasa471
A. Friend471
1. Adbhuta471
2. Hasya471
3. Sakhya471
4. Dasya471
B. Enemy471
1. Bhayanaka471
2. Santa (for Yuddha-vira)471
IX.Karuna-rasa472
A. Friend472
1. Raudra472
2. Vatsala472
B. Enemy472
1. Hasya472
2. Madhura (sambhoga)472
3. Adbhuta472
X.Raudra-rasa472
A. Friend472
1. Karuna472
2. Vira472
B. Enemy472
1. Hasya472
2. Madhura472
3. Bhayanaka472
XI.Bhayanaka-rasa472
A. Friend472
1. Bibhatsa472
2. Karuna472
B. Enemy472
1. Vira472
2. Madhura472
3. Hasya472
4. Raudra472
XII.Bibhatsa-rasa473
A. Friend473
1. Tapasvi-santa473
2. Hasya473
3. Dasya473
B. Enemy473
1. Madhura473
2. Sakhya473
XIII.The Effect of the Combination of Rasas474
A. Friendly Rasas474
1. Angi-rasa: one prominent rasa474
2. Anga-rasa: others become subordinate474
3. Result: increase of sweetness474
4. Examples475
5. The main sthayi-bhava does not disppear, even if subordinate to others for a short time492
B. Unfriendly Rasas494
1. Examples495
2. Mixture causes Distaste ending in Rasabhasa498
C. Exceptions where Unfriendly Mixtures Create Taste
a) Five Conditions of Harmless Unfriendly Mixtures499
b) Two Unfriendly rasas nourishing a main rasa509
c) Combination of Unfriendly Rasas in Adhirudha-maha-bhava512
d) Combination of All Rasas with Krsna as the Visaya513
e) Krsna as the Asraya of all Rasas514
The Ninth Wave: Rasabhasa517
I.Definition521
II.Types521
A. Uparasa
1. Definition:521
2. Distortion of:521
a) Sthayi-bhava527
b) Vibhava529
c) Anubhava534
B. Anurasa537
1. Definition: experienced by devotees, devoid of relation to Krsna537
a) Secondary rasas537
b) Santa-rasa537
C. Aparasa539
1. Definition: rasas experienced by enemies of Krsna539

Bhakti Rasamrta Sindhu (In Two Volumes): With the Commentary of Srila Jiva Gosvami and Visvanatha Cakravarti Thakur

Item Code:
IDK025
Cover:
Hardcover
Edition:
2006
Publisher:
The Bhaktivedanta Book Trust
ISBN:
8189364056
Size:
8.8" X 5.6"
Pages:
1501
Other Details:
Weight of the Book: 1.520 gms
Price:
$65.00   Shipping Free - 4 to 6 days
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Bhakti Rasamrta Sindhu (In Two Volumes): With the Commentary of Srila Jiva Gosvami and Visvanatha Cakravarti Thakur

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Back of the Book

Obsessed by the desire to benefit all the devotees of the Lord, the esteemed author, Srila Rupa Gosvami, compiled this remarkable work, the scripture called Bhakti-rasamrta sindhu, using the rasas presented in srima-Bhagavatam, which appeared within the lotus bud of his heart.

Foreword

Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu is one of the major works of Srila Rupa Gosvami, and a mainstay of the Gaudiya Vaisnava sampradaya. Srila Jiva Gosvami has admitted that it may be difficult for readers to understand portions of the text, and therefore wrote a commentary to elucidate certain points. Srila Visvanatha Cakravarti has written an additional commentary. In the Eastern Section, Jiva's complete commentary has been translated, and Visvanatha's commentary has been fully translated with the exception of portions, which are identical to Jiva's commentary. The other Sections in general have less extensive commentaries. For these portions Jiva's commentary has been fully translated points are made. In some cases he explains the meaning of the verses quoted and these have simply been incorporated in the translation of the verse without translating the commentary.

Contents
tr>
Forewordi
The Eastern Section: Types of Bhakti1-75
I.Introduction
A. Mangalacarana7
B. Guru-vandana22
C. Vaisnava-vandana22
D. Grantha-vibhaga27
II.Definition of Uttama-bhakti29
III.Six unique qualities of Uttama-bhakti40
A.Klesa-ghni (destruction of suffering)41
1. Papa (sinful reactions)41
a) Aprarabdha48
b) Kuta48
c) Bija48
d) Prarabdha48
2. Papa-bija (desire)50
3. Avidya (ignorance)51
B.Subha-da (Bestowal of auspiciousness)55
1. Sarva-jagatam prinanam (compassion for the world)57
2. Anuraktata (object of affection for the world)57
3. Sad-guna (good qualities)57
4. Sukha (happiness)58
C. Moksa-laghuta-krt (disregard for liberation)60
D.Sudurlabha (rarity)61
1. Not attained without asakti62
2. Not attained quickly even with asakti67
E.Sandrananda-visesatma (intense bliss)68
F. Sri-krsnakarsini (attractive to Krsna)70
IV.Qualification for understanding Bhakti74
The Second Wave: Sadhana-bhakti77-348
1.Definition of Sadhana-bhakti85
A.Vaidhi-bhakti
1. Definition of Vaidhi-bhakti90
2. Results of Vaidhi-bhakti95
3. Qualification for Vaidhi-bhakti: Faith in Scriptures
a) Uttamadikari101
b) Madhyamadhikari102
c) Kanisthadhikari102
d) Purification of Mixed Devotees103
e) Rejection of desire for Bhukti and Mukti110
f) Highest Qualification: Devotee of Govinda138
(1) Difference between Govinda and Visnu139
g) Rejection of Varna and Asrama as a Qualification for Bhakti148
4.Definition of an Anga of Bhakti158
5.Angas of Bhakti listed with examples
a) The Door to Bhakti
(1) The first ten injunctions:159
Most Important are:162
(a) Take shelter of a Guru
(b) Take Diksa and Siksa
( c) Serve the Guru
b) The remaining forty-four Angas163
(1) Whole body: 11 Items164
(2) Voice: 5 Items164
(3) Taste: 2 Items164
(4) Smell: 1 Items164
(5) Touch: 1 Item164
(6) Sight: 2 Items164
(7) Hearing: I1 Item164
(8) Mind: 9 Items164
(9) Tadiya-seva: 4 Items165
(10) Mixed: 3 Items165
(11) 5 Important Items repeated165
c) Glorification of the Five prominent Angas269
(1) Murti, Bhagavatam, Krsna-bhakta, Nama, Mathura-mandala
6.Rejected as Angas of Uttama-bhakti
a) Varnasrama279
b) Jnana and Phalgu-Vairagya282
(1) Definition of Yukta-vairagya289
c) Bhakti dependent on wealth and followers292
d) Cultivation of Good Qualities and Good Conduct293
7.Practicing one Anga296
8.Practicing many Angas297
B.Raganuga-bhakti299
1. Definition of Raganuga-bhakti299
a) Definition of Ragatmika-bhakti300
(1) Kama-ruparagatmika-bhakti314
(2) Sambandha-ruparagatmika-bhakti319
2.Qualification for Raganuga-bhakti323
3.Angas of Raganuga: same as Vaidhi where favorable
a) Internal service following nitya-siddhas327
b) External service following acaryas327
4.Type of Raganuga
a) Kamanuga330
(1) Sambhogeccha-mayi332
(2) External service following acaryas327
4.Types of Raganuga
a) Kamanuga330
(1) Sambhogeccha-mayi332
(2) Tad-tad-bhavecchatmika332
(b) Sambandhanuga342
The Third Wave: Bhava-bhakti349-394
I.Definition of Bhava-bhakti353
II.Causes of Bhava-bhakti360
A. From Sadhana362
1. Vaidhi-sadhana363
2. Raganuga-sadhana366
B.From Mercy367
1. Mercy of Krsna368
a) From Words368
b) From Presence369
c) Within the Heart369
2.Mercy of the Devotee370
III.Anubhavas (typical actions) of the Bhava-bhakta372
IV.Raty-abhasa (resemblance to bhava or rati)383
A. Pratibimba: reflection, appearing in impersonalists and materialists383
B. Chaya: splendor, appearing in the curious386
V.Destruction of Bhavabhasa and Bhava388
VI.Apparent faults in the Bhava-bhakta392
The Fourth Wave: Prema-bhakti395-416
I.Definition of Prema-bhakti399
II.Cause of Prema-bhakti402
A. From Vaidha-bhava arising from vaidhi-sadhana403
B. From Raganugiya-bhava arising from Raganuga-sadhana404
C. From Krsna's Mercy405
1. Mahatmya-jnana-yukta (for Vaidha-bhaktas)408
2. Kevala (for Raganuga-bhaktas)408
III.Stages leading to Prema410
The Southern Section: Components of Rasa417
The First Wave: Vibhava419-648
I.Cause of Bhakti-rasa426
II.Components of rasa426
A. Vibhava, Anubhava, Sattvika-bhava, Vyabhicari-bhava, sthayi-bhava426
III.Definition of Vibhava431
A.Alambana431
1. Visaya: the experienced object of love432
2. Asraya: the experiencer432
B.Uddipana: the stimulants for invoking love in the visaya432
IV.Krsna as the Visaya
A. Other forms: expanding as the cowherd boys and calves434
B. Svarupa435
1. Disguised435
2. Undisguised435
C. The Qualities of Krsna as components of Visaya437
1. Fifty qualities available to jivas440
2. Five extra qualities in Siva442
3. Five extra qualities in Visnu443
4. Four extra qualities only in Krsna448
a) Lila-madhuryam: sweetness of Pastimes448
b) Premna Priyadhikyam: sweet Devotees448
c) Venu-madhuryam: Sweetness of His flute448
d) Rupa-madhuryam: Sweetness of His Form448
(1) Purna: in Dvaraka561
(2) Purnatara: in Mathura561
(3) Purnatama: in Vraja561
D.Krsna in four aspects563
1. dhirodatta564
2. dhira-lalita566
3. dhira-santa568
4. dhiroddhata570
E.Krsna with eight auspicious qualities582
V.Devotee as Asraya592
A. Type593
1. By Attainment
a) Sadhaka: Bhava-bhakta593
b) Siddha: Prema-bhakta596
(1) Samprapta-siddha596
(a) By sadhana596
(b) By mercy598
(2) Nitya-siddha600
2.By Rasa605
a) Santa605
b) Dasya605
c) Sakhya605
d) Vatsala605
e) Madhura605
VI.Uddipana606
A. Krsna's Qualities606
1. Bodily607
a) Age608
(1) Kaumara609
(2) Pauganda609
(3) Kaisora609
b) Beauty624
c) Form625
d) Softness626
2. Verbal627
3. Mental627
B. Krsna's Actions627
C. Krsna's Clothing629
D. Krsna's Accessories633
1. Hair style633
2. Garland633
3. Tilaka634
4. Tambula634
5. Lotus635
E.Krsna's Ornaments635
F.Smile636
G.Fragrance637
H.Flute638
I.Horn641
J.Anklets642
K.Conch643
L.Footprints644
M.Places645
N.Tulasi645
O.Devotee646
P.Festival Days648
The Second Wave: Anubhava649
I.Definition of Anubhava653
II.Sita654
A. Singing656
B. Yawning659
C. Breathing heavily660
D. Disregard661
E. Drooling662
F. Smiling654
III.Ksepana
A. Dancing654
B. Rolling on the ground655
C. Shouting657
D. Stretching the body658
E. Bellowing659
F. Laughing loudly663
G. Whirling about664
H. Hiccups664
The Third Wave: Sattvika-bhava667
I.Definition of Sattva and Sattvika-bhava671
II.Types:671
A. Snigdha: experienced by devotees, related to rasas672
1. Primary672
2. Secondary673
B. Digdha: experienced by devotees, not directly related to rasa with Krsna674
C. Ruksa: experienced by persons with raty-abhasa676
III.Cause of the Eight Sattvika-bhavas678
IV.Eight Sattvika-bhavas678
A. Stambha: Paralysis680
B. Sveda: Perspiration685
C. Svara-bheda: Choked voice690
D. Vepathu: Quivering of the body694
E. Vaivrnya: Change of complexion695
F. Asru: Tears699
G. Pralaya: Fainting702
V.Intensity705
A. Dhumayita: smoky: one sattvika-bhava, which can be concealed708
B. Jvalita: luminous: two or three sattvika-bhava at once, concealed with difficulty709
C. Dipta: brilliant: there to five sattvika-bhavas at once, unconcealed711
D. Uddipta: very brilliant: five or more Sattvika-bhavas at once712
E. Suddipta: supremely brilliant: intense Uddipta state in Maha-bhava713
VIAbhasa (false forms) of Sattvika-bhava714
A. Ratyabhasa-bhava-sattvikbhasa: generated by raty-abhasa715
B. Sattvabhasa-bhava-sattvikabhasa: generated by a touch of emotions715
C. Nihsattva: generated by practice717
D. Pratipa generated in enemies of Krsna719
The Fourth Wave: Vyachicari-bhava725
I.Definition of Vyabhicari-bhava727
II.Enumeration of Thirty-three Vyabhicari-bhavas729
III.Examples of the Vyabhicari-bhavas from different causes729
IV.Types of Vybhicari-bhavas830
A. Paratantra: Dependent on Rati, in a Devotee830
1. Vara: Superior830
a) Saksat: Related to Primary Rati831
b) Vyavahita: Related to Secondary Rati832
2. Avara: Inferior: caused by an Rati not related to Krsna in a devotee833
B. Svatantra: indirect relation to Rati, in Devotees835
1. Rati-sunya: in impure devotees with chaya-rati836
2. Rati-anusparsana: in the devotee with genuine Rati, not related to Krsna837
3. Rati-gandha: in devotees with Rati, indirectly related to Krsna839
VI.Vyabhicary-abhasa840
A. Pratikulya: in hostile persons841
B. Anaucitya: in objects incapable of rasa842
1. Asatya: in plants843
2. Ayogya: in animals843
VII.Stages of Vyabhicari-bhavas845
A. Utpatti: Appearance845
B. Sandhi: Mixing846
C. Sabalya: Disappearance 853
VII.Varieties of Mind Which Affected the Strength of Vyabhicari-bhavas858
A. Repressive858
1. Garistha: heavy858
2. Gambhira: deep858
3. Mahistha: expansive858
4. Karkasa: hard858
B. Receptive859
1. Laghistha: light859
2. Uttana: on the surface859
3. Ksodistha: small859
4. Komala: soft859
The Fifth Wave: Sthayi-bhava869
I.Definition of Sthayi-bhava873
II.Mukhya-rati (Primary Sthayi-bhava):874
A. Roles: 874
1. Svartha: nourishes itself874
2. Parartha: allows secondary rati to become predominant875
B. Types:875
1. Suddha-rati876
a) Samanya-rati877
b) Svaccha-rati880
c) Santa-rati884
2. Kevala (pure) or Sankula (mixture of primary rules)887
a) Priti-rati (Dasya)888
b) Sakhya-rati890
c) Vatsala-rati892
3. Priyata-rati (Madhura-rati)894
III.Gauna-rati (Secondary Sthayi-bhava)896
A. Types897
1. Hasa904
2. Adbhuta906
3. Utsaha907
4. Soka909
5. Krodha910
6. Bhaya912
7. Jugupsa914
IV.Power of Rati
A. Rati as the Principal Cause of Vibhava, Anubhava and other Elements919
B. Other Elements increase Rati926
C. Hearing about previous devotees invokes Rati927
D. The combination of elements and hearing about previous devotees produces complete satisfaction in the devotee934
E. Suffering caused by soka-rati is only apparent941
V.Production of Rasa from Rati
A. Primary Rasa945
1. Santa-rasa945
2. Priti-rasa945
3. Preyo-rasa945
4. Vatsala-rasa945
5. Madhura-rasa945
B. Secondary Rasa945
1. Hasya-rasa945
2. Adbhuta-rasa945
3. Vira-rasa945
4. Raudra-rasa945
5. Bhayanaka-rasa945
6. Bibhatsa-rasa945
VI.Colors and Deities of the Rasas946
VII. Taste in the Rasas:948
A. Purti: Santa-rasa948
B. Vikasa: all rasas from Priti to Hasya948
C. Vistara: Adbhuta and Vira948
D. Viksepa: Karuna and Raudra948
E. Ksobha: Bhayanaka and Bibhatsa948
VIII.Blissful Nature of Rasa949
IX.Disqualification for Rasa955
X.Difference between Rasa and Bhava957
contents of Vol.II
Forewordi
The Western Section: Primary Bhakti-rasas1
The first Wave: Santa-rasa3-34
I.Definition8
II.Alambana:12
A. Visaya: from of Visnu12
B. Santa-bhakta13
1. Atmaramas13
2. Tapasvis14
III. Uddipanas16
IV. Anubhavas19
V. Sattvika-bhavas: all except fainting22
VI.Vyabhicari-bhavas23
VII.Sthayi-bhava: Santa-rati24
A. Sama: Ordinary24
B. Sandra: Intense25
VIII.Types:26
A. Paroksya: in absence of the Lord26
B. Saksat: on seeing the Lord27
IX.Elevation of Santa-bhaktas to higher rasa29
X.Santa as Rasa31
A. Sama fixed on the Lord becomes rasa31
The Second Wave: Priti-rasa (Dasya-rasa)35-136
I.Definition41
II.Types42
A. Sambhrama-priti-rasa42
1. Alambana:42
a) Visaya: the Lord42
(1) Within Gokula43
(2) Outside Gokula43
b) Asraya: His servants47
(1) Adhikrta: devatas49
(2) Asrita:50
(a) Saranya: surrendered souls52
(b) Jnani-cara: previous jnanis53
c) Seva-nistha: fixed in service attitude54
3. Parisada: Lord's Retinues in Dvaraka: ideal is Uddhava56
(a) Form of the Parisada57
(b) His Bhakti57
4. Anuga-dasas: Lord's Attendants60
(a) Dvaraka61
(i) Their Form61
(ii) Vraja: ideal is Raktaka63
(i) His form63
(ii) His Bhakti63
(5) Types of Parisadas and Anuga-dasas:64
(a) Dhurya: serves the Lord and His devotees64
(b) Dhira: serves the Lord's consort65
c) Vira: serves only the Lord66
(6) Status in All Varieties:68
c) Uddipana69
d) Anubhavas71
(1) Unique to Dasya71
(2) Common with other Rasas73
e) Sattvika-bhavas: All74
f) Vyabhicari-bhavas: twenty-four 76
g) Sthayi-bhava: Sambhrama-priti, progressing to79
(1) Prema: in Adhikrtas and Asritas87
(2) Sneha in Parisadas87
(3) Raga in some Parisadas and all Anugas87
h) Ayoga: Separation91
(1) Utkanthita: longing before ever meeting91
(a) Vyabhicari-bhavas93
(2) Viyoga: longing in separation after meeting102
(a) Anubhavas and Vyabhicari-bhavas103
i) Yoga: Meeting 111
(1) Siddhi: first meeting 111
(2) Tusti: meeting after separation113
(3) Sthiti: eternal association114
(a) Anubhavas in Krsna's presence115
B. Gaurava-priti-rasa118
1. Definition118
2. Alambana119
a) Visaya: The Lord119
(1) Qualities120
b) Asraya: sons and sisters:
Chief: Pradyumna
(1) Their Form120
(2) Their Bhakti121
3. Uddipanas123
4. Anubhavas124
a) Unique124
b) Common with Sambhramadasas125
5. Sattvika-bhavas: All125
6. Vyabhicari-bhavas: same as per Sambhrama-priti126
7. Sthayi-bhava: Gaurava-priti-rati, progressing to:
a) Prema130
b) Sneha130
c) Raga130
8.Ayoga:132
a) Utkanthita133
b) Viyoga133
9.Yoga:134
a) Siddhi134
b) Tusti134
c) Sthiti135
The Third Wave: Preyo-bhakti-rasa137
I.Definition143
II.Alambana:143
A. Visaya: Krsna143
1. Vraja: two handed143
2. Other places: four handed144
3. Qualities146
B. Asraya: Vayasya: His Friends146
1. City Friends:147
a) Ideal: Arjuna149
b) Form149
c) Friendship149
2. Vraja friends:150
a) Form151
b) Friendship152
c) Types155
(1) Suhrt: older than Krsna, 155
(a) Ideals: Balarama, Mandalibhadra156
(b) Form157
(c) Friendship158
(2) Sakha: younder than Krsna159
a) Ideal: Devaprastha160
b) Form160
c) Friendship160
(3) Priya-sakha: same age as Krsna161
(a) Ideal: Sridama163
(b) Form163
c) Friendship164
(4) Priya-narma-sakha: Confidential Friends164
a) Ideal: Subala, Ujjvala165
C.Status:
(1) Nitya-siddha169
(2) Sadhana-siddha169
(3) Sura-cara: previously devatas (also sadhana-siddha)169
D.Uddipana:170
1. Krsna's age171
a) Kaumara: suitable for Vatsala-rasa171
b) Pauganda: ideal for Sakhya-rasa173
(1) Adya: beginning173
(a) Form173
(b) Dress174
c) Action175
(2) Madhya:middle176
(a) Form176
(b) Dress176
c) Actions176
(3) Sesa: end178
(a) Form178
(b) Dress179
(c) Actions180
c) Kaisora: Most attractive for all rasas182
2. Krsna's form183
3. Horn184
4. Flute184
5. Conch185
6. Joking actions185
E.Anubhavas186
1. Common to all friends186
2. For Suhrts187
3. For Sakhas187
4. For Priya-sakhas188
5. For Priya-narma-sakhas188
F.Sattvika-bhavas190
G.Vyabhicari-bhavas: thirty193
H.Sthayi-bhava: Sakhya-rati (visrambha), progressing to:194
1. Pranaya196
2. Prema197
3. Sneha198
4. Raga199
I.Ayoga:200
1. Utkanthika200
2. Viyoga
a) Anubhavas
b) Vyabhicari-bhavas201
J.Yoga:215
1. Siddhi215
2. Tusti216
3. Sthiti217
The Fourth Wave: Vatsala-rasa221
I.Definition225
II.Alambana225
A. Visaya: Krsna225
B. Asraya: Elders:230
1. Ideal: Nanda, Yasoda232
2. Form233
3. Their Vatsalya-bhakti235
III.Uddipana237
A. Age
1. Kaumara237
a) Adya: Beginning238
(1) Form238
(2) Activities239
(3) Decoration239
b) Madhyama: Middle240
(1) Form240
(2) Decoration242
c) Sesa: End243
(1) Form243
(2) Decoration244
(3) Activities244
2. Pauganda245
3. Kaisora246
IV.Anubhavas248
V.Sattvika-bhavas: All plus milk flowing from breasts250
VI.Vyabhicari-bhavas: twenty-five253
VII.Sthayi-bhava: Vatsala-rati254
A. Raga with occasional appearance of prema and sneha255
1. Prema256
2. Sneha262
3. Raga263
VIII.Ayoga263
A. Utkanthita263
B. Viyoga264
1. Vyabhicari-bhavas: Eight265
IX.Yoga
A. Siddhi270
B. Tusti270
C. Sthiti271
X.Sankula: Mixtures of Vatsala, Sakhya and Priti294
The Fifth Wave: Madhura-bhakti-rasa299
I.Definition303
II.Alambana304
A. Krsna304
B. Young women305
1. Ideal: Radha is Supreme305
2. Form306
3. Her Bhakti306
III.Uddipana308
IV.Anubhavas309
V.Sattvika-bhavas310
VI.Vyabhicari-bhavas: thirty:one311
VII.Sthayi-bhava: Madhura-rati313
VIII.Vipralambha: separation318
A. Purva-raga: separation before meeting for the first time318
B. Mana: pride causing separation320
C. Pravasa: separation after meeting321
IX.Sambhoga: Meeting322
The Northern Section: Secondary Bhakti-rasas325
The first Wave: Hasya-rasa327
I.Definition333
II.Alambana:334
A. Visaya: Krsna as a cause, but not the visaya334
B. Asraya: Tad-anvayi: Devotees335
III.Uddipana:337
A. Words337
B. Behavior337
C. Clothing337
IV.Sthayi-bhava337
Types:338
A. Smita: mild smile338
B. Hasita: over smile339
C. Vihasa: laughter340
D. Avahasita: intense laughter341
E. Apahasita: uncontrollable laughter342
F: Atihasita: extreme laughter343
The Second Wave: Adbhuta bhakti-rasa347
I.Definition351
II.Alambana
A. Visaya: Krsna351
B. Asraya: Devotee351
III.Uddipana351
A. Actions of Krsna351
IV.Anubhavas351
V.Sattvika-bhavas351
VI.Vyabhicari-bhavas352
VII.Sthayi-bhava: vismaya-rati352
A. Direct perception354
1. Seen 354
2. Heard356
3. Spoken356
B. Indirect: by inference357
The Third Wave: Vira-bhakti-rasa361
I.Definition365
II.Types:365
A. Yuddha-vira:365
1. Definition366
2. Alambana366
a) Visaya: Krsna, His friends366
b) Asraya: His friends366
3. Uddipana370
4. Anubhavas371
5. Sattvika-bhava: all373
6. Vyabhicari-bhavas: all373
7. Sthayi-bhava: Yuddhotsaha-rati: desire t win373
B. Dana-vira:377
1. Types:377
a) Bahu-prada: Giver of Profuse Gifts378
(1) Uddipana378
(2) Anubhavas378
(3) Sattvika-bhavas378
(4) Vyabhicari-bhavas378
(5) Sthayi-bhava: Danotsaha-rati378
(6) Types:379
(a) Abhyudayika: Giving on Special Occasions379
(b) Krsna-sampradanaka: 380
Giving in Surrender
(i) Priti dana380
(ii) Puja dana381
(b) Upasthita-durapartha-tyagi: Refusing the Lord's383
Benedictions
(1) Uddipanas384
(2) Anubhavas384
(3) Sattvika-bhavas (see (footnote I)384
(4) Vyabhicari-bhavas384
(5) Sthayi-bhava: Sthayi-bhava: Tyagotsaha-rati384
C.Daya-vira:387
1. Definition387
2. Uddipanas388
3. Anubhavas388
4. Sattvika-bhavas (see footnote 1)
5. Vyabhicari-bhavas388
6. Sthayi-bhava: Dayotsaha-rati388
D.Dharma-vira:391
1. Definition391
2. Uddipanas391
3. Anubhavas391
4. Sattvika-bhavas (see footnote I)391
5. Vyabhicari-bhavas391
6. Sthayi-bhava: Dharmotsaha-rati392
The Fourth Wave: Karuna-bhakti-rasa397
I.Definition399
II.Alambana399
A. Visaya
1. Krsna399
2. Friends399
3. Relatives and Others399
B. Asraya: Friends fo Krsna400
III.Uddipana400
IV.Anubhavas400
V.Sattvika-bhavas: All401
VI.Vyabhicari-bhavas401
VII.Sthayi-bhava: soka-rati401
A. Aries only because of intense Principal Rati405
B. Soka-rati causes lack of awareness of Krsna's powers405
C. Lamentation produces happiness408
The Fifth Wave: Raudra-bhakti-rasa413
I.Definition415
II.Alambana415
A. Visaya415
1. Krsna415
2. Friends418
a) Anavahita: Inattentive418
b) Sahasi: Rash420
c) Irsyu: Envious421
3. Enemies422
a) Unfriendly to self422
b) Unfriendly to Krsna423
B. Asraya: Krsna's Friends
III.Uddipanas423
IV.Anubhavas424
V.Sattvika-bhavas: all424
VI.Vyabhicari-bhavas424
VII.Sthayi-bhava: Krodha-rati424
A. Kopa: toward Krsna's enemies425
1. Anubhavas425
B. Manyu: toward one's friends425
a) Towards superiors425
b) Towards equals425
c) Towards inferiors425
1. Anubhavas425
C. Rosa: woman's anger against Krsna425
1. Anubhavas425
D. Examples426
The Sixth Wave: Bhayanaka-bhakti-rasa431
I.Definition435
II.Alambana:435
A. Fear related to Demons attacking Krsna:436
1. Fear related to Demons attacking Krsna:436
2. Asraya: Devotee436
3. Cause: demons436
B. Fear related to committing offenses against Krsna436
1. Visaya: self436
2. Asraya: self436
3. Cause: Krsna436
III.Uddipanas439
IV.Anubhavas439
V.Sattvika-bhavas: all except tears439
VI.Vyabhicari-bhavas440
VII.Sthayi-bhava: bhaya-rati440
A. Causes of Fear440
1. Fearful forms440
2. Fearful qualities440
3. Fearful powers440
The Seventh Wave: Bibhatsa-bhakti-rasa443
I.Definition447
II.Alambana447
A. Asraya:447
1. Tapasvi-santa-bhaktas447
2. Asrita-dasya-bhaktas447
B. Visaya:
1. Material body (Example)448
III.Anubhavas and Sattvika-bhavas448
IV.Vyabhicari-bhavas448
V.Sthayi-bhava:jugupsa-rati449
A. Viveka-ja: from philosophical contemplation449
B. Prayiki: from impure items450
Eight Wave: Friendly and Inimical Rasas455
I.Santa-rasa463
A. Friends463
1. Dasya463
2. Adbhuta463
3. Dharma-vira463
4. Bibhatsa463
B. Enemies466
1. Madhura466
2. Yuddha-vira466
II.Dasya-rasa466
A. Friends466
1. Santa466
2. Dharma-vira466
3. Dana-vira466
4. Bibhatsa466
B. Enemy 466
1. Madhura466
2. Yuddha-vira against Krsna466
3. Raudra towards Krsna466
III.Sakhya-rasa467
A. Friend467
1. Madhura467
2. Hasya467
3. Yuddha-vira467
B. Enemy467
1. Vatsala467
2. Raudra towards Krsna467
3. Bhayanaka towards Krsna467
IV.Vatsala-rasa468
A. Friend468
1. Hasya468
2. Karuna468
3. Bhayanaka468
B. Enemy468
1. Madhura468
2. Yuddha-vira468
3. Dasya468
4. Raudra468
V.Madhura-rasa469
A. Friend469
1. Hasya469
2. Sakhya469
3. Yuddha-vira469
4. Dharma-vira469
B. Enemy469
1. Vatsala469
2. Bibhatsa469
3. Santa469
4. Raudra469
5. Bhayanaka469
VI.Hasya-rasa470
A. Friend470
1. Bibhatsa470
2. Madhura470
3. Sakhya470
4. Vatsala470
B. Enemy470
1. Karuna470
2. Bhayanaka470
VII.Adbhuta-rasa470
A. Friend470
1. All primary rasas470
2. Vira-rasa470
B. Enemy470
1. Raudra470
2. Bibhatsa470
VIII.Vira-rasa471
A. Friend471
1. Adbhuta471
2. Hasya471
3. Sakhya471
4. Dasya471
B. Enemy471
1. Bhayanaka471
2. Santa (for Yuddha-vira)471
IX.Karuna-rasa472
A. Friend472
1. Raudra472
2. Vatsala472
B. Enemy472
1. Hasya472
2. Madhura (sambhoga)472
3. Adbhuta472
X.Raudra-rasa472
A. Friend472
1. Karuna472
2. Vira472
B. Enemy472
1. Hasya472
2. Madhura472
3. Bhayanaka472
XI.Bhayanaka-rasa472
A. Friend472
1. Bibhatsa472
2. Karuna472
B. Enemy472
1. Vira472
2. Madhura472
3. Hasya472
4. Raudra472
XII.Bibhatsa-rasa473
A. Friend473
1. Tapasvi-santa473
2. Hasya473
3. Dasya473
B. Enemy473
1. Madhura473
2. Sakhya473
XIII.The Effect of the Combination of Rasas474
A. Friendly Rasas474
1. Angi-rasa: one prominent rasa474
2. Anga-rasa: others become subordinate474
3. Result: increase of sweetness474
4. Examples475
5. The main sthayi-bhava does not disppear, even if subordinate to others for a short time492
B. Unfriendly Rasas494
1. Examples495
2. Mixture causes Distaste ending in Rasabhasa498
C. Exceptions where Unfriendly Mixtures Create Taste
a) Five Conditions of Harmless Unfriendly Mixtures499
b) Two Unfriendly rasas nourishing a main rasa509
c) Combination of Unfriendly Rasas in Adhirudha-maha-bhava512
d) Combination of All Rasas with Krsna as the Visaya513
e) Krsna as the Asraya of all Rasas514
The Ninth Wave: Rasabhasa517
I.Definition521
II.Types521
A. Uparasa
1. Definition:521
2. Distortion of:521
a) Sthayi-bhava527
b) Vibhava529
c) Anubhava534
B. Anurasa537
1. Definition: experienced by devotees, devoid of relation to Krsna537
a) Secondary rasas537
b) Santa-rasa537
C. Aparasa539
1. Definition: rasas experienced by enemies of Krsna539
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