Sign In
 
Forgot password?
Enter your username or email to reset and email yourself your password
Forgot your username? Click here
Sign In
Welcome . For your security, please choose your password.
Sign In
For privacy concerns, please view our Privacy Policy
Sign up
for saving your wish list, viewing past orders
receiving discounts and lots more...
Subscribe for Newsletters and Discounts
Be the first to receive our thoughtfully written
religious articles and product discounts.
By registering, you may receive account related information, our email newsletters and product updates, no more than twice a month. Please read our Privacy Policy for details.
.
Share
Share our website with your friends.
Email this page to a friend
By subscribing, you will receive our email newsletters and product updates, no more than twice a month. All emails will be sent by Exotic India using the email address info@exoticindia.com.

Please read our Privacy Policy for details.
|6
Your Cart (0)
Books > Hindu > Bhamati of Vacaspati on Sankara's Brahmasutrabhasya (Chatuhsutri)
Displaying 382 of 6688         Previous  |  NextSubscribe to our newsletter and discounts
Bhamati of Vacaspati on Sankara's Brahmasutrabhasya (Chatuhsutri)
Bhamati of Vacaspati on Sankara's Brahmasutrabhasya (Chatuhsutri)
Description

Foreword

It is a pleasure to know that Vacaspati's Bhamati on the first four Sutras will now be available to students of Indian Philosophy in an edition brought out in the orthodox style, with a critical introduction, Sanskrit text, English translation and notes. All those interested in Indian Philosophy will be deeply grateful to Mr. S. S. Suryanarayana Sastri and Dr. C. Kunhan Raja of the Philosophy and the Sanskrit Departments of the Madras University for bringing out this very useful work. While Sankara's Bhasya is fairly well known among students of Indian Thought, the later thinkers are practically neglected. Vacaspati presents one great section of Advaita Vedanta and his Bhamati is second in importance only to Sankara's Bhasya.

The Introduction, besides dealing with the date of the work and place in the Advaita tradition, gives a clear and careful account of the central ideas of the Bhamati: the authoritativeness of scripture and its compatibility with reason, the nature of Avidya and its seat, release-ultimate and relative-and Brahman and Isvara, among others. There are side reflections on similar views in Western thought which are always interesting. The work will not only add to the reputation of its authors but also help to popularize Vacaspati's views on Advaita Vedanta.

Preface to the New Edition

Bhamati: Catuhsutri, Vacaspati Misra's commentary on Samkara's Bhasya on the first four Brahma sutra-s, was published by the Theosophical Publishing House in 1933. It contained an elaborate Introduction and Notes, and an English translation by Professor C. Kunhan Raja and Professor S. Suryanarayana Sastri. This book was very well received by students and scholars, and has become almost a classic in the field. It has been out of stock for a long time and there has been a persistent demand for reprinting it. The Adyar Liberary and Research Centre has great pleasure in bringing out a reprint of the same to meet this demand.

The Bhamati is the most ancient, complete and elaborate available commentary on Samkara's Brahma-sutrabhasya. It started the Bhamati school of Advaita, though some of the features of this school can be traced back to Mandana Misra, an elder contemporary of Samkara, traditionally identified with Samkara's pupil Suresvara. The other school of Advaita, called the Vivarana School, is associated with Prakasat man's Pancapadika commentary on the Bhasya, now available only for the catuhsutri portion. Many of the features of this school can be traced back to Suresvara.

Prof. S. Kuppuswami Sastri has pointed out (Introduction to Brahmasiddhi) that 'most of the distinctive features of Vacaspati's school have their roots in Mandana's views as set forth in the Brahmasiddhi, and most of the distinctive features of the Vivarana school are derived from Suresvara's views as set forth in the Varttika-s and the Naiskarmyasiddhi.' If the Bhamati School and the Vivarana School ultimately originate from Mandana and Suresvara, the tradition about the identity of Mandana and Suresvara becomes ridiculous. This is the point of view taken by Prof. Hiriyanna and Prof. Kuppuswami Sastri. Of course, a convert need not necessarily be consistent with his pre-conversion views.

In the beginning of the Bhamati Vacaspati refers to two kinds of avidya (anirvacyavidyadvitayasacivasya prabhavato vivarta yasyaite viyadanilatejobavanayah). Mandana has also recognized two kinds of avidya-non-apprehension (agrahana) and misapprehension (anyathagrahana). According to Mandana meditation or upasana is necessary for completely removing the second variety of avidya, and for converting the first indirect knowledge of Brahman (paroksajnana) into the direct Brahman-realization (aparoksabrahmasaksat-kara). Suresvara is against this duality of avidya (Brhad. Varttika, p. 1065, verse 199).

Vacaspati follows Mandana's views about the relation between Prasamkhyana and Brahmasaksatkara. Meditation (upasana or prasamkhyana) on the meaning of the Upanisadic mahavakya-s proclaiming the identity of Brahman and jiva is accepted by both as leading to the direct realization of Brahman. Suresvara criticizes this view in his Naiskarmyasiddhi. Samkara distinguishes jnana or knowledge which does not involve any action and dhyana or meditation which is mental action. According to him when there is a choice to do or not to do, doing involves action; jnana is awareness which does not involve a choice, and therefore does not involves action. In the Padesa Sahasri (1.3.112-116) Samkara recognizes and recommends pari samkhyana-he does not call it dhyana or concentration. It is a kind of recapitulation and reflection. It seems to be a kind of awareness which does not involve action.

Regarding the locus of avidya there is difference of opinion between the Bhamati and the Vivarana schools. According to Vacaspati and Mandana, the individual soul (jiva) is the locus of avidya, while Brahman is the object (visaya). According to the Vivarana School and also Suresvara, Brahman itself is both the locus (asraya) and the object (visaya) of avidya. According to the Bhamati avidya-s are as many as the jiva-s, but the Vivarana school accepts only one avidya, with different modes.

Regarding the nature of jiva and Isvara the Bhamati School accepts the Avacchedavada, while the Vivarana School follows the Pratibimbavada. Vacaspati considers that Brahman conditioned by maya or avidya is jiva, while Brahman that transcends maya is Isvara. According to the Vivarana school Brahman reflected in maya and its product mind, is jiva, while Brahman chich serves as the original is Isvara; Brahman under-goes reflection in avidya or maya and mind. Suresvara's view is slightly different. The reflected image of Brahman in maya is Isvara, and the reflected image of Brahman in mind is jiva. Isvara and jiva being reflected images are indeterminable. This is the Abhasa-vada.

There are many minor differences between the Bhamati School and the Vivarana School, but on fundamental points they agree. (Brahma satyam jaganmithya jivo brahmaiva naparah).

Vacaspati is one of the most outstanding authorities on the different branches of Indian philosophy with excellent authoritative works to his credit. Besides the Bhamati in the field of Advaita, his Nyaya-varttikatatparyatika on Uddyotakara's Nyayavarttika is a standard work on Nyaya and has been commented on by Udayana. His Tattvabindu is an original work on the theory of sentence-meaning according to the Bhattamimamsa School, criticizing even the sphotasiddhi of Mandanamisra. He has commented on the Brahmasiddhi and the Nyayakanika of Mandana. He has also ommented on the Samkhyakarika and the Yogasutrabhasya. His Nyayasucinibandha gives its date of composition as 898; if taken as the Vikrama era this will be A.D. 841, if Samvat, it is equivalent to A.D. 976. Prof. Raja and Sastri take the former view.

Paul Hacker's argument that Vacaspati refers to the Nyayamanjari and must therefore be later than Jayantabhatta need not be taken seriously, since it is now clear that the Nyayamanjari referred to by him is not Jayantabhatta's work, but that of Vacaspati's teacher Trilocana. But Vacaspati refutes Bhaskara in his Bhamati, and cannot be earlier than the ninth century since Bhaskara criticizes Samkara; Vacaspati also quotes Salikanatha in his Tattvabindu and Sali-kanatha has quoted Umbeka. Vacaspati must certainly be earlier than Udayana who flourished towards the close of the tenth century since he has ommented on the Nyayavarttikatatparyatika.

Traditionally Vacaspati is considered to have been a Maithila Brahmin. According to some he belonged to a village called Bhama near the Nepal frontier' according to some others he belonged to Bedagama on the eastern boundary of Darbhanga. Umesh Mishra believed that Vacaspati belonged to Tarhi in the Darbhanga district. Vacaspati refers to one Nrga as his patron; many attempts have been made to identify him, but without success.

The English translation is intended to help the students to understand the Sanskrit text; and is faithful to the original. The Introduction and Notes will clarify many of the difficult passages of the text, and explain the views of Vacaspati Misra on Advaita. Relevant views from western philosophy have been pointed out to clarify some of the issues. Prof. Radha-krishnan's remarks in his Foreword regarding the value of this publication is relevant even now.

 

CONTENTS
Preface to the New Edition v
Foreword xi
Introduction xv
Detailed Table of Contents lix
Text and Translation:  
Superimposition 1
Desire to Know 63
Definition 119
Scripture-source 137
Harmony 145
Notes 247
Additional Notes 297
List of Abbreviations 313
Corrections 315

Sample Pages





















Bhamati of Vacaspati on Sankara's Brahmasutrabhasya (Chatuhsutri)

Item Code:
IDH343
Cover:
Hardcover
Edition:
1992
Publisher:
The Adyar Library And Research Centre
ISBN:
8185141096
Size:
8.6" X 5.5"
Pages:
623
Other Details:
Weight of the Book: 805 gms
Price:
$35.00   Shipping Free
Add to Wishlist
Send as e-card
Send as free online greeting card
Bhamati of Vacaspati on Sankara's Brahmasutrabhasya (Chatuhsutri)

Verify the characters on the left

From:
Edit     
You will be informed as and when your card is viewed. Please note that your card will be active in the system for 30 days.

Viewed 10503 times since 23rd Apr, 2016

Foreword

It is a pleasure to know that Vacaspati's Bhamati on the first four Sutras will now be available to students of Indian Philosophy in an edition brought out in the orthodox style, with a critical introduction, Sanskrit text, English translation and notes. All those interested in Indian Philosophy will be deeply grateful to Mr. S. S. Suryanarayana Sastri and Dr. C. Kunhan Raja of the Philosophy and the Sanskrit Departments of the Madras University for bringing out this very useful work. While Sankara's Bhasya is fairly well known among students of Indian Thought, the later thinkers are practically neglected. Vacaspati presents one great section of Advaita Vedanta and his Bhamati is second in importance only to Sankara's Bhasya.

The Introduction, besides dealing with the date of the work and place in the Advaita tradition, gives a clear and careful account of the central ideas of the Bhamati: the authoritativeness of scripture and its compatibility with reason, the nature of Avidya and its seat, release-ultimate and relative-and Brahman and Isvara, among others. There are side reflections on similar views in Western thought which are always interesting. The work will not only add to the reputation of its authors but also help to popularize Vacaspati's views on Advaita Vedanta.

Preface to the New Edition

Bhamati: Catuhsutri, Vacaspati Misra's commentary on Samkara's Bhasya on the first four Brahma sutra-s, was published by the Theosophical Publishing House in 1933. It contained an elaborate Introduction and Notes, and an English translation by Professor C. Kunhan Raja and Professor S. Suryanarayana Sastri. This book was very well received by students and scholars, and has become almost a classic in the field. It has been out of stock for a long time and there has been a persistent demand for reprinting it. The Adyar Liberary and Research Centre has great pleasure in bringing out a reprint of the same to meet this demand.

The Bhamati is the most ancient, complete and elaborate available commentary on Samkara's Brahma-sutrabhasya. It started the Bhamati school of Advaita, though some of the features of this school can be traced back to Mandana Misra, an elder contemporary of Samkara, traditionally identified with Samkara's pupil Suresvara. The other school of Advaita, called the Vivarana School, is associated with Prakasat man's Pancapadika commentary on the Bhasya, now available only for the catuhsutri portion. Many of the features of this school can be traced back to Suresvara.

Prof. S. Kuppuswami Sastri has pointed out (Introduction to Brahmasiddhi) that 'most of the distinctive features of Vacaspati's school have their roots in Mandana's views as set forth in the Brahmasiddhi, and most of the distinctive features of the Vivarana school are derived from Suresvara's views as set forth in the Varttika-s and the Naiskarmyasiddhi.' If the Bhamati School and the Vivarana School ultimately originate from Mandana and Suresvara, the tradition about the identity of Mandana and Suresvara becomes ridiculous. This is the point of view taken by Prof. Hiriyanna and Prof. Kuppuswami Sastri. Of course, a convert need not necessarily be consistent with his pre-conversion views.

In the beginning of the Bhamati Vacaspati refers to two kinds of avidya (anirvacyavidyadvitayasacivasya prabhavato vivarta yasyaite viyadanilatejobavanayah). Mandana has also recognized two kinds of avidya-non-apprehension (agrahana) and misapprehension (anyathagrahana). According to Mandana meditation or upasana is necessary for completely removing the second variety of avidya, and for converting the first indirect knowledge of Brahman (paroksajnana) into the direct Brahman-realization (aparoksabrahmasaksat-kara). Suresvara is against this duality of avidya (Brhad. Varttika, p. 1065, verse 199).

Vacaspati follows Mandana's views about the relation between Prasamkhyana and Brahmasaksatkara. Meditation (upasana or prasamkhyana) on the meaning of the Upanisadic mahavakya-s proclaiming the identity of Brahman and jiva is accepted by both as leading to the direct realization of Brahman. Suresvara criticizes this view in his Naiskarmyasiddhi. Samkara distinguishes jnana or knowledge which does not involve any action and dhyana or meditation which is mental action. According to him when there is a choice to do or not to do, doing involves action; jnana is awareness which does not involve a choice, and therefore does not involves action. In the Padesa Sahasri (1.3.112-116) Samkara recognizes and recommends pari samkhyana-he does not call it dhyana or concentration. It is a kind of recapitulation and reflection. It seems to be a kind of awareness which does not involve action.

Regarding the locus of avidya there is difference of opinion between the Bhamati and the Vivarana schools. According to Vacaspati and Mandana, the individual soul (jiva) is the locus of avidya, while Brahman is the object (visaya). According to the Vivarana School and also Suresvara, Brahman itself is both the locus (asraya) and the object (visaya) of avidya. According to the Bhamati avidya-s are as many as the jiva-s, but the Vivarana school accepts only one avidya, with different modes.

Regarding the nature of jiva and Isvara the Bhamati School accepts the Avacchedavada, while the Vivarana School follows the Pratibimbavada. Vacaspati considers that Brahman conditioned by maya or avidya is jiva, while Brahman that transcends maya is Isvara. According to the Vivarana school Brahman reflected in maya and its product mind, is jiva, while Brahman chich serves as the original is Isvara; Brahman under-goes reflection in avidya or maya and mind. Suresvara's view is slightly different. The reflected image of Brahman in maya is Isvara, and the reflected image of Brahman in mind is jiva. Isvara and jiva being reflected images are indeterminable. This is the Abhasa-vada.

There are many minor differences between the Bhamati School and the Vivarana School, but on fundamental points they agree. (Brahma satyam jaganmithya jivo brahmaiva naparah).

Vacaspati is one of the most outstanding authorities on the different branches of Indian philosophy with excellent authoritative works to his credit. Besides the Bhamati in the field of Advaita, his Nyaya-varttikatatparyatika on Uddyotakara's Nyayavarttika is a standard work on Nyaya and has been commented on by Udayana. His Tattvabindu is an original work on the theory of sentence-meaning according to the Bhattamimamsa School, criticizing even the sphotasiddhi of Mandanamisra. He has commented on the Brahmasiddhi and the Nyayakanika of Mandana. He has also ommented on the Samkhyakarika and the Yogasutrabhasya. His Nyayasucinibandha gives its date of composition as 898; if taken as the Vikrama era this will be A.D. 841, if Samvat, it is equivalent to A.D. 976. Prof. Raja and Sastri take the former view.

Paul Hacker's argument that Vacaspati refers to the Nyayamanjari and must therefore be later than Jayantabhatta need not be taken seriously, since it is now clear that the Nyayamanjari referred to by him is not Jayantabhatta's work, but that of Vacaspati's teacher Trilocana. But Vacaspati refutes Bhaskara in his Bhamati, and cannot be earlier than the ninth century since Bhaskara criticizes Samkara; Vacaspati also quotes Salikanatha in his Tattvabindu and Sali-kanatha has quoted Umbeka. Vacaspati must certainly be earlier than Udayana who flourished towards the close of the tenth century since he has ommented on the Nyayavarttikatatparyatika.

Traditionally Vacaspati is considered to have been a Maithila Brahmin. According to some he belonged to a village called Bhama near the Nepal frontier' according to some others he belonged to Bedagama on the eastern boundary of Darbhanga. Umesh Mishra believed that Vacaspati belonged to Tarhi in the Darbhanga district. Vacaspati refers to one Nrga as his patron; many attempts have been made to identify him, but without success.

The English translation is intended to help the students to understand the Sanskrit text; and is faithful to the original. The Introduction and Notes will clarify many of the difficult passages of the text, and explain the views of Vacaspati Misra on Advaita. Relevant views from western philosophy have been pointed out to clarify some of the issues. Prof. Radha-krishnan's remarks in his Foreword regarding the value of this publication is relevant even now.

 

CONTENTS
Preface to the New Edition v
Foreword xi
Introduction xv
Detailed Table of Contents lix
Text and Translation:  
Superimposition 1
Desire to Know 63
Definition 119
Scripture-source 137
Harmony 145
Notes 247
Additional Notes 297
List of Abbreviations 313
Corrections 315

Sample Pages





















Post a Comment
 
Post Review
Post a Query
For privacy concerns, please view our Privacy Policy

Related Items

BRAHMASUTRA-SANKARABHASYAM (Sanskrit Only)
by Edited by Prof. J.L. Shastri
Hardcover (Edition: 2000)
Motilal Banarsidas Publishers Pvt. Ltd.
Item Code: IDD424
$55.00
Badarayana and Vyasa as Authors of The Brahmasutra (A Historical Analysis)
by S. Sankaranarayanan
Paperback (Edition: 2005)
The Adyar Library and Research centre
Item Code: IDK561
$15.00
The Brahmasutras and Their Principal Commentaries A Critical Exposition (In Three Volumes)
by B. N. K. Sharma
Hardcover (Edition: 2008)
Munshiram Manoharlal Publications
Item Code: IDC278
$105.00
Brahman and Meditation: A Commentary on The Brahmasutras in Two Volumes
by Dr. Raghavendra Katti
Hardcover (Edition: 2013)
Dr. Raghavendra Katti
Item Code: NAL642
$95.00
Essentials of Brahmasutra Bhasya of Sri Anandatirtha (Sri Madhvacharya)
by Prof. K.T. Pandurangi
Paperback (Edition: 2011)
Dvaita Vedanta Studies & Research Foundation, Bangalore
Item Code: NAC776
$30.00

Testimonials

I am so pleased! the Shawl arrived today - it had been held up in customs, sliced open, inspected and finally reached me today. There was no damage to the shawl and it is JUST PERFECT! Thank you so much. I have waited a long time for this shawl and I AM VERY PLEASED. Thank you. Thank you. Thank you.
Barrie, Ontario
I fall in love with Exotic India last year when I found accidentally a beautiful blue kaftan with a little printed elephant on it. Since then I am a fan of this lovely place and I am sure that I will be a lifetime. I feel that my relation with Exotic India is special because I like every article, they are unique, made with passion and each piece relates a magical, mythical story. I want to thank you for your promptitude by shipping so fast my order, it arrived directly from India to Romania (Transylvania) on the fourth day after I have set my order. I did not expect it so soon, my heart was filled with joy by such an amazing surprise. I appreciated it! I wish all the joy and beauty you bring to me turn back to you!
Noemi
I would like to thank Exotic India for the very superior packaging and shipment of my order. Much appreciated! The order arrived very quickly. Many thanks!! I will always check Exotic India first for books in the future.
Teresa, USA
Hello Vipin K., thanks a lot for replacing the 4th volume of the Srimad Bhagavatam and sending me a faultless copy of the book so fast. The faulty pagination (missing and mixed up pages) is due to the bookbinding, of course, you are not to blame. Your customer service is excellent. And as your selection of books is extraordinary, I'm already looking forward to the next books that will reach me, perfectly packed and in best condition as always. ;-)
Walter
I really found this site to be very well designed, and the number of items amazing. From my careful inspection of the high resolution photos, the quality of work appears to be outstanding.
Sanjay, USA
The statue was delivered today. It is exceedingly beautiful. My thanks to the creator of the statue for such a lovely idol and to yourselves for the great service.
Shashi
I'm so proud of your Company, it's so rare to have a good service after sales.... I will recommend you to all my friends.
Colette, Canada
I am a repeat customer of your store. I have bought several items from you and like the quality and service. Please keep up the good work of providing Puranas and Vedas.
Raghavan, USA
This is a beautiful website - and very customer friendly - easy to find your way around.
Sonia, UK.
Fantastic service! Delivery in Italy in two days!
Francesca Verna
TRUSTe online privacy certification
Language:
Currency:
All rights reserved. Copyright 2016 © Exotic India