Sign In

 
Forgot password?
Enter your username or email to reset and email yourself your password
Sign In
Welcome . For your security, please choose your password.
Sign In
For privacy concerns, please view our Privacy Policy
Sign up
for saving your wish list, viewing past orders
receiving discounts and lots more...

Subscribe for Newsletters and Discounts

Be the first to receive our thoughtfully written
religious articles and product discounts.
By registering, you may receive account related information, our email newsletters and product updates, no more than twice a month. Please read our Privacy Policy for details.
.

Share

Share our website with your friends.
Email this page to a friend
By subscribing, you will receive our email newsletters and product updates, no more than twice a month. All emails will be sent by Exotic India using the email address info@exoticindia.com.

Please read our Privacy Policy for details.
|6
Your Cart (0)
Books > Buddhist > Buddhist Sects in India
Displaying 1203 of 1509         Previous  |  Next
Buddhist Sects in India
Buddhist Sects in India
Description
From the Jacket

This extraordinary book is the only authentic document of its kind. Beginning with a detailed and lucid exposition of the political background of India from Ajatasatru to Mahapadma Nanda, it goes on to trace the sources of the Second Buddhist Council, to locate with unerring exactitude the disruptive forces in the Sangha and, in the fourth chapter, to classify the Sects. In the chapters that follow, the learned author deals with the Mahasanghikas, doctrines of Group II-V Schools. In every chapter, if not on every page, current but ill-founded assumptions are rejected and their illogicalities exposed to the reader's view. The eager student is given a panoramic view of the doctrinal developments that took place during the period concerned by this book. With irrefutable arguments and considerable ratio-cinative skill does the writer conclude that the Mahasanghikas were evidently the earliest school of the Hinayanists to show a tendency towards conceiving Buddha docetically.

"….there are not many systematic and authentic accounts of the evolution of the Buddhist philosophy and the emergence of the different Schools. Dr. Nalinaksha Dutta's book fills an important gap in this field. The author traces the political background in which the different sects had developed….The special doctrines of the Bahusernityas Prajnapativadins and the Vetulayas are also discussed, along with the doctrines of the Schools of the other groups. The author has dwelt in detail on the doctrinal developments leading to the emergence of the Mahayana. One remarkable feature of the criticisms contained in the Mahayana's works against the Hinayanists according to Dr. Dutt, is that they do not attempt to distort the position of the Hinayanists in order to take advantage.

It is striking that as far back as 1859, i.e., over a century ago, the attention of European scholars was drawn to the appearance of Buddhist sects in India, mentioning their names without, however, any comments. The earliest articles was written by St. Julien, 'Listes diverses des noms des dix-huit sectes du bouddhisme' in the Journal Asiatique, 1959. This was followed by M.V. Vassilief in 1860, Drs. Rhys Davids and Oldenberg in 1881, H. Kern in 1884 and I.P. Minayeff in 1884 (vide for details, page 11-13) of this book.

It was after the publication of the translation of the Chinese version of Vasumitra's treatise on eighteen sects of Buddhism in India by Prof. J. Masuda, who happened to be a Lecturer in the Calcutta University and also a colleague of the present writer, in the Asia Major, vol. II (1925) supplemented by the Tibetan texts on the eighteen schools by Bhavya and Vinitadeva entitled Nikaya-bhedavibhanga and Samayabhedoparacanacakra respectively.

(i) 'Shi-pa' pu' –lun, ascribed either to Kumarajiva (401-13) or to Paramartha (546-69).

(ii) Pu'-chi-i-lun, ascribed to Paramartha. This translation, according to Masuda, appears to be more accurate.

(iii) I-pu'-tsung-lun, ascribed to Hiuen Tsang (662), is regarded by Masuda as the best of the translations.

(i) Vasumitra of Kaniska's Council and one of the authors of the Mahavibhasa.

(ii) Vasumitra of the Sautrantika school.

(iii) Vasumitra, who appeared a thousand years after Buddha's parinibbana, and

(iv) Vasumitra of the Sarvastivada school, from whom Hiuen Tsang learnt the Sarvastivada doctrines.
It is curious that none of the books and articles mentioned on pp. 11-13 refers to such an important Pali Abhidhamma text as the Kathavatthu published in 1897 and its commentary in 1889 and the former work's English translation by Mrs. C.A.F. Rhys Davids entitled Points of Controversy (1915).

The antiquity of the Kathavatthu traditionally goes back to the days of Emperor Asoka, under whose auspices the Third Buddhist Council was held with Moggaliputta Tissa as its president. The special features of this book are that

(i) it presents the doctrines of the opponents, i.e., an exposition of the doctrines of a particular non-Theravada school;

(ii) It allows him to state his arguments as well as

(iii) to quote in their support the statements of Buddha, occurring in the Nikayas or elsewhere in any Pitakan text. There views, Moggaliputta Tissa, the president, refuted them from the standpoint of Theravada by counter-arguments as well as with the help of quotations from the Buddhavacanas.

The contribution of the present author lies not only in making an analytical study of the treatises of Vasumitra, Bhavya and Vinitadeva but also the Kathavatthu and its commentary by Buddhaghosa as well as the Abhidharamakosa-vyakhya, an excellent edition of which has been published by Prof. Wogihara of Japan and the Sammitiya-nikaya sastra translated from Chinese by Prof. Venkataraman of the Visvabharati and The Gilgit Manuscripts, III, edited and published by the present writer, containing the original Mulasarvastivada Vinaya, and also the Jnanaprasthana Sutra partially restored from Chinese by Santi Bhiksu also of the Visvabharati.

This book ends with an Epilogue, in which an attempt has been made to show how Mahayanism developed as a natural consequence of the views of the Mahasanghikas and as a development of the nebulous conception of Bodhisattva and Buddhakayas in the Divyavadana and Avadana-sataka, ascribed to the Sarvastivadins and also as a reaction to the realism of the Sarvastivadins, and how gradually Mahayanism surpassed Hinayanism both in populartiv and propagation.

To this book has been added an Appendix containing a synopsis of the ancient geography of India as described by Hiuen Tsang; it also throws light on the dispersal of Buddhist seats in India along with a brief account of the Buddhist sects as given by I-tsing and the localities where these were existing at his time, i.e., half a century after Hiuen Tsang's visit to India.

In fine, I should like to thank my learned friend, Sri K. L. Mukhopadhyay, M.A. for suggesting the appropriate title of the book, which helped me to confine my attention exclusively to the Buddhist Sects in India. I should mention that I have derived much benefit from the Histoire du Bouddhisme Indien (Louvain, 1956) of Prof. E. Lamotte, who has also published many other valuable works on Mahayana Buddhism, utilizing exhaustively the Chinese versions of the lost Sanskrit texts. I also thank my student Dr. Miss Ksanika Saha, Ph. D. for preparing the Indexes.

CONTENTS

Introduction v
Abbreviations xi
IPolitical Background from Ajatasatru to Mahapadma Nanda 1
IISources and Account of the Second Buddhist Council 11
IIIDisruptive Forces in the Sangha 34
IVSources and Classification Sects 48
VThe Mahasanghikas 57
VIDoctrines of Group II Schools 98
VIIDoctrines of Group III Schools 121
VIIIDoctrines of Group IV Schools 181
IXDoctrines of Group V Schools 211
Epilogue 218
Appendix : Hiuen Tsang and I-tsing on the dispersion of Buddhist Sects in India 261
Index 291
Item Code:
IDC146
Cover:
Hardcover
Edition:
1998
Publisher:
Motilal Banarsidass Publisher Pvt. Ltd.
ISBN:
8120804279
Size:
8.7" X 5.8"
Pages:
300
Other Details:
Weight of the Book:524 gms
Price:
$27.50   Shipping Free
Add to Wishlist
Viewed 5247 times since 6th Nov, 2008
From the Jacket

This extraordinary book is the only authentic document of its kind. Beginning with a detailed and lucid exposition of the political background of India from Ajatasatru to Mahapadma Nanda, it goes on to trace the sources of the Second Buddhist Council, to locate with unerring exactitude the disruptive forces in the Sangha and, in the fourth chapter, to classify the Sects. In the chapters that follow, the learned author deals with the Mahasanghikas, doctrines of Group II-V Schools. In every chapter, if not on every page, current but ill-founded assumptions are rejected and their illogicalities exposed to the reader's view. The eager student is given a panoramic view of the doctrinal developments that took place during the period concerned by this book. With irrefutable arguments and considerable ratio-cinative skill does the writer conclude that the Mahasanghikas were evidently the earliest school of the Hinayanists to show a tendency towards conceiving Buddha docetically.

"….there are not many systematic and authentic accounts of the evolution of the Buddhist philosophy and the emergence of the different Schools. Dr. Nalinaksha Dutta's book fills an important gap in this field. The author traces the political background in which the different sects had developed….The special doctrines of the Bahusernityas Prajnapativadins and the Vetulayas are also discussed, along with the doctrines of the Schools of the other groups. The author has dwelt in detail on the doctrinal developments leading to the emergence of the Mahayana. One remarkable feature of the criticisms contained in the Mahayana's works against the Hinayanists according to Dr. Dutt, is that they do not attempt to distort the position of the Hinayanists in order to take advantage.

It is striking that as far back as 1859, i.e., over a century ago, the attention of European scholars was drawn to the appearance of Buddhist sects in India, mentioning their names without, however, any comments. The earliest articles was written by St. Julien, 'Listes diverses des noms des dix-huit sectes du bouddhisme' in the Journal Asiatique, 1959. This was followed by M.V. Vassilief in 1860, Drs. Rhys Davids and Oldenberg in 1881, H. Kern in 1884 and I.P. Minayeff in 1884 (vide for details, page 11-13) of this book.

It was after the publication of the translation of the Chinese version of Vasumitra's treatise on eighteen sects of Buddhism in India by Prof. J. Masuda, who happened to be a Lecturer in the Calcutta University and also a colleague of the present writer, in the Asia Major, vol. II (1925) supplemented by the Tibetan texts on the eighteen schools by Bhavya and Vinitadeva entitled Nikaya-bhedavibhanga and Samayabhedoparacanacakra respectively.

(i) 'Shi-pa' pu' –lun, ascribed either to Kumarajiva (401-13) or to Paramartha (546-69).

(ii) Pu'-chi-i-lun, ascribed to Paramartha. This translation, according to Masuda, appears to be more accurate.

(iii) I-pu'-tsung-lun, ascribed to Hiuen Tsang (662), is regarded by Masuda as the best of the translations.

(i) Vasumitra of Kaniska's Council and one of the authors of the Mahavibhasa.

(ii) Vasumitra of the Sautrantika school.

(iii) Vasumitra, who appeared a thousand years after Buddha's parinibbana, and

(iv) Vasumitra of the Sarvastivada school, from whom Hiuen Tsang learnt the Sarvastivada doctrines.
It is curious that none of the books and articles mentioned on pp. 11-13 refers to such an important Pali Abhidhamma text as the Kathavatthu published in 1897 and its commentary in 1889 and the former work's English translation by Mrs. C.A.F. Rhys Davids entitled Points of Controversy (1915).

The antiquity of the Kathavatthu traditionally goes back to the days of Emperor Asoka, under whose auspices the Third Buddhist Council was held with Moggaliputta Tissa as its president. The special features of this book are that

(i) it presents the doctrines of the opponents, i.e., an exposition of the doctrines of a particular non-Theravada school;

(ii) It allows him to state his arguments as well as

(iii) to quote in their support the statements of Buddha, occurring in the Nikayas or elsewhere in any Pitakan text. There views, Moggaliputta Tissa, the president, refuted them from the standpoint of Theravada by counter-arguments as well as with the help of quotations from the Buddhavacanas.

The contribution of the present author lies not only in making an analytical study of the treatises of Vasumitra, Bhavya and Vinitadeva but also the Kathavatthu and its commentary by Buddhaghosa as well as the Abhidharamakosa-vyakhya, an excellent edition of which has been published by Prof. Wogihara of Japan and the Sammitiya-nikaya sastra translated from Chinese by Prof. Venkataraman of the Visvabharati and The Gilgit Manuscripts, III, edited and published by the present writer, containing the original Mulasarvastivada Vinaya, and also the Jnanaprasthana Sutra partially restored from Chinese by Santi Bhiksu also of the Visvabharati.

This book ends with an Epilogue, in which an attempt has been made to show how Mahayanism developed as a natural consequence of the views of the Mahasanghikas and as a development of the nebulous conception of Bodhisattva and Buddhakayas in the Divyavadana and Avadana-sataka, ascribed to the Sarvastivadins and also as a reaction to the realism of the Sarvastivadins, and how gradually Mahayanism surpassed Hinayanism both in populartiv and propagation.

To this book has been added an Appendix containing a synopsis of the ancient geography of India as described by Hiuen Tsang; it also throws light on the dispersal of Buddhist seats in India along with a brief account of the Buddhist sects as given by I-tsing and the localities where these were existing at his time, i.e., half a century after Hiuen Tsang's visit to India.

In fine, I should like to thank my learned friend, Sri K. L. Mukhopadhyay, M.A. for suggesting the appropriate title of the book, which helped me to confine my attention exclusively to the Buddhist Sects in India. I should mention that I have derived much benefit from the Histoire du Bouddhisme Indien (Louvain, 1956) of Prof. E. Lamotte, who has also published many other valuable works on Mahayana Buddhism, utilizing exhaustively the Chinese versions of the lost Sanskrit texts. I also thank my student Dr. Miss Ksanika Saha, Ph. D. for preparing the Indexes.

CONTENTS

Introduction v
Abbreviations xi
IPolitical Background from Ajatasatru to Mahapadma Nanda 1
IISources and Account of the Second Buddhist Council 11
IIIDisruptive Forces in the Sangha 34
IVSources and Classification Sects 48
VThe Mahasanghikas 57
VIDoctrines of Group II Schools 98
VIIDoctrines of Group III Schools 121
VIIIDoctrines of Group IV Schools 181
IXDoctrines of Group V Schools 211
Epilogue 218
Appendix : Hiuen Tsang and I-tsing on the dispersion of Buddhist Sects in India 261
Index 291
Post a Comment
 
Post Review
Post a Query
For privacy concerns, please view our Privacy Policy

Related Items

Kubera - God of Wealth (Tibetan Buddhist Deity)
Copper Sculpture gilded with 24 Karat Gold
5.5 ch X 5.0 inch X 3.2 inch
0.7 kg
Item Code: XB20
$225.00
Tsongkhapa with Wisdom Sword and Scripture
Tibetan Thangka Painting
Size of Painted Surface 10.5" X 14.5"
Size with Brocade 21.0" X 32.0"
Item Code: TT30
$175.00
Mandala of Guru Padmasambhava
Tibetan Thangka Painting
Size of Painted Surface 15.0" X 20.0"
Size with Brocade 26.0" X 39.0"
Item Code: TT27
$325.00
Buddhism in Sikkim (DVD)
Sumit Banerjee
Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Art, New Delhi
1 Hr. 29:22 Minutes
Item Code: ICJ090
$28.00
Tibetan Buddhist Deity Bhadrasana Maitreya
Brass Sculpture
11.0" X 5.5" X 4.9"
3.27 Kg
Item Code: RP58
$175.00
Backorder
Large Size Lord Buddha in Abhay-Mudra
Brass Statue
46 inch x 31 inch x 23 inch
85 kg
Item Code: ZAI30
$2995.00
Backorder
Tibetan Buddhist Kubera with Jewel and Nakula (Mongoose)
Brass Statue
6.8 inch x 5.5 inch x 4 inch
1.6 kg
Item Code: XS51
$135.00
Backorder
The Buddha in Interpretive Posture
Brass Sculpture
15.5 inch x 11.5 inch x 8 inch
7.31 kg
Item Code: XS86
$355.00
Backorder
Buddhist Sects in India
Deal 10% Off
by Nalinaksha Dutt
Paperback (Edition: 2007)
Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Private Limited
Item Code: IDC147
$22.50$20.25
You save: $2.25 (10%)
SECTS IN TIBETAN BUDDHISM Comparison of Practices Between Gelugpa and Nyingmapa Sects
by Vijay Kumar Singh
Hardcover (Edition: 2006)
D. K. Printworld Pvt. Ltd.
Item Code: IDF134
$22.50
The Sri Krsna Temple at Udupi (The Historical and Spiritual Center of The Madhvite Sect of Hinduism)
by B. N. Hebber
Hardcover (Edition: 2005)
Bharatiya Granth Niketan
Item Code: NAE981
$40.00
Sadhanamala: Avalokitesvara Section
by Ruriko Sakuma
Hardcover (Edition: 2002)
Adroit Publishers, Delhi
Item Code: NAC620
$40.00
Manthanabhairavatantram Kumarikakhandah (The Section Concerning the Virgin Goddess of the Tantra of the Churning Bhairava In 

Fourteen Volumes)
Deal 15% Off
by Mark S.G. Dyczkowski
Hardcover (Edition: 2009)
Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts and D. K. Printworld Pvt. Ltd.
Item Code: IHF064
$625.00$531.25
You save: $93.75 (15%)
Ethics Of Tibet: Bodhisattva Section of Tsong-Kha-Pa's Lam Rim Chen Mo
by Alex Wayman, Foreword by the Dalai Lama
Hardcover (Edition: 1991)
Sri Satguru Publications
Item Code: IDI565
$31.50
A Manual of Key Buddhist Terms (Categorization of Buddhist Terminology with Commentary)
by Lotsawa Kawa Paltseg
Paperback (Edition: 20015)
Library of Tibetan Works and Archives
Item Code: NAD692
$25.00

Testimonials

I received the 2 sarees and the DVDs. You truly are a treasure house for the music and other related things. You have gotten me an array of CDs,books,DVDs and not least of all beautiful sarees. All always packed with care, delivered in a timely, no hassle fashion. Your business is very trustworthy and I am so glad to have when I need to look for something.
Prashanti, USA
Hello, Just a short feedback on your new website layout: the old one was better than most of what you come across on the www, but you've managed to make it even better. I very much like the new look of the book pages and 'my gallery' pages. Thanks again for offering me a look inside the books. It's a big help for finding out if it's really what I want. Everything is perfect: the presentation of the items, your way of handling the orders, and the fast and always diligently packed parcels. Thanks to all at Exotic India, Walter
Walter
thank you sooo much for the speedy delivery!! within two days I am already wearing my beautiful Exotic Indian shawl!! thanks so much
Pat Demaret
This is the second time I am ordering kurta. The first time it was in July of 2015. The whole transaction was very smooth, and I received my order in USA within a week's tme from India. it was faster than some of the local orders that I have placed. Thank you for your efficiency.
Prabha, USA
I like Exotic India and have had a great experience so far with your books / shipping etc. Please keep it up!
Sriram, USA
Thanks to all the staff at Exotic Art for helping me acquire these wonderful books from the holy land of Bharata Varsha. Happy new year to you all and all glories to Sri Krsna, peace...
J. Idehen, UK
Exotic India is a fine organization to do business with. I have had the best trading experience and the very best customer service. The communication I have had with Vipin K. is of the highest quality; my questions and requests were quickly and professionally answered and fulfilled. A special thanks to the artist Kailash Raj for the beautiful art he produces; I have certainly been enriched by the way his art exemplifies the stories they tell. Many Thanks to all concerned.
W. J. Barnett, USA
My beautiful shawl arrived today. Thank you so much for this lovely shawl. Really, it is nicer than the photograph. I hope you and yours have a very Happy New Year and much prosperity in the New Year. With gratitude
Tom Anderson, Canada
An excellent website, as always. I do not even mention its content, which is beautiful beyond words, but I am merely referring to the great functionality and optimal design of your website. Links always work, the information is accurate and complete, images are very clear, including scanned content of your books. A pleasure to purchase from you.
Oreste, USA
I just wanted to extend my profound thanks to you for expediting my order. It was so well packaged and all import processes taken care of so the beautiful statue arrived in fabulous condition. It looks truly wonderful and I am so happy to have Lord Ganesh take pride of place in my home. Thank you again for your superb service. Best regards
Nikki Grainger
TRUSTe online privacy certification
Language:
Currency:
All rights reserved. Copyright 2016 © Exotic India