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Books > Hindu > CALL OF- NINE GODDESSES: (1. Naina Devi, 2. Chintapurni, 3. Jwalamukhi, 4. Vajreshwari (Kangra), 5. Chamunda Devi, 6. Vaishno Devi, 7. Mansa Devi, 8. Kalika Devi, 9. Shakumbhari)
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CALL OF- NINE GODDESSES: (1. Naina Devi, 2. Chintapurni, 3. Jwalamukhi, 4. Vajreshwari (Kangra), 5. Chamunda Devi, 6. Vaishno Devi, 7. Mansa Devi, 8. Kalika Devi, 9. Shakumbhari)
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CALL OF- NINE GODDESSES: (1. Naina Devi, 2. Chintapurni, 3. Jwalamukhi, 4. Vajreshwari (Kangra), 5. Chamunda Devi, 6. Vaishno Devi, 7. Mansa Devi, 8. Kalika Devi, 9. Shakumbhari)
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FOREWORD

What is here is there and what is there is here. Things and beings seem various but are indeed one being. We are liberated when we perceive this oneness. We go from death to death if we perceive differences. It is by enlightenment that the mind can overcome the feeling of difference and have a vision of transcendent oneness in the form of divine mother Maheshwari.

As every object of this world is subject to limitations, so is the human intellect. But the divine force, which is in continuous action behind every subject and object, is beyond limitations and is as such known as Shakti or Tripura or Mahamaya. The same force becomes thought of the subject, action of the object and later the cause of the dissolution of both subject and object. The divine mother can be seen in numberless forms in the universe but still she is one and the only one.

An attempt has been made in this book "The Call of nine Goddesses" to present a true historical account of the holy shrines based on traditions and mythology. But an interesting aspect of the book is the importance of devotion for devotees. No aspect of worship is true without devotion. The love of the divine mother and her clarion call to devotees Mata Ne Bulaya Hai fills nectar in the heart and soul of pilgrims and devotees make bee-line to lick the divine nectar, there-of shrills of joy and devotion fill the air "Jai Mata Di". There is no distinction of sex, caste, language, religion, belief or anything. One has to only call the divine mother and she will fulfil desires and give joy without fail.

It is a profound experience to read this exposition. It has its historical elements, geographical pointers, aesthetic excellence.

Once again, I thank and bow down to the inspiration that vibrates on every page of this story of divine mother.

 

Pandit Moti Lal Shastri (Pushkar)
Geeta Bhawan, Jammu (J & K)

 

Introduction

The concept of supreme mother Goddess is too old in India. The divine mother has been worshipped as Shakti since Vedic times and this worship was not confined to India but Egyptians and greeks also practiced the worship of mother Goddess in one or the other form. The vibrant and unbounded compassion and bountiful mercy were regarded as the divine attributes of Goddess mother. The devotees found God incarnate through mother benign and merciful. The relation of child and mother cut across all barriers and the refuge under the feet of the mother gave peace and solace. With divine mother the devotee gave up formal worship and felt her presence all around him. The child soul of this humanity readily turns to the mother soul in all situation of life. Shri Aurbindo points out how mother is always ready with the bounty for myriad children. No wonder she is lauded in every possible way over the length and breadth of India. The heat of religionists the artist the poet the mystic every one melts when he speaks of her. The being flows spontaneously when one comes to adore her to celebrate her glory.

Abhinava Gupta the famous sage scholar form Kashmir addressed mother goddess Parvati as supreme consciousness incarnate.

O mother parvati! Since thou art the root of all speech I may sing thy glory or do otherwise all that is adoration to thee. Thou art present for me in all forms both mental and physical. When I ponder over these things. O mother the doer of good and destroyer of evil without any effort on my part thus passes all my time in singing thy glory in repeating thy name, in adoring thee, and in meditation of thy true self.”

Thus the devotee adores lord God as female deity in the form of mother and feels at ease while worshipping mother. The Devi Sakta in the tenth Mandala of Rig-Veda is a standing testimony to the pro-eminent position occupied by the divine creatic in the Aryan consciousness. Surprisingly it is often overlooked that major deities with feminine appellations in the Veda are not there as the wives of God. lila, Mahi, Daksina are divine powers in their own right. Actually there is no question here as 10 who is superior, the male or female deity? The truth is that supreme God Brahma is beyond shape, cause, reason, character or comprehension. However, Cod personified himself in male or female form to fill the void between known and unknown, As such there is no question as to who is superior the male or the female deity. In reality both are the same truth, the same consciousness in two poises, presiding status and executive status. In the language of the Tantra, Siva and Sakti are not two different entities. It is Siva and Sakti. The functions are different with corresponding poises, in the same way, as electric energy is manifested in different objects in different ways. Electric energy gives light through a bulb or tube light, heat through a heater, movement of trains through an engine and so on. Similarly the powers of Goddess mother are manifested in the various deities as goddess in thousands of ways. The unique position of the divine goddess “Sakti” is mentioned in Upanisads as Uma Haimavati, Teacher of the Gods, she who opens their eye to the truth of existence, is lauded as supreme. The Gita speaks of Para-Prakrti, which is none other than Paz-a-Sakti (Divine Goddess). Puranas have their own explanations in respect of mother goddess worship. The symbolism in Puranas is evident in this book and it apparently seems opaque. Even then, we have Puranas that place Dcvi (Goddess) in a special relationship with the Deva. At times the Gods are obliged to merge into personality of savior mother.

Several attempts have been made by curious researchers to unravel the truth about the infinite power. Para-Shakti, who is described as the cosmic mother by Vedas, the tantras, the Puranas and the (Upanishads. She is ever sportive whereas the all powerful Siva is always engrossed in contemplation. In whose being Brahama Vishnu and Rudra Create sustain and dissolve this universe. By whose pulsation time triple quality and the five elements display their influence. By whose sweet will gods demonds, mortals, animals, birds and insects are impelled to conquer their enemies as well as support and nourish themselves and by whose compassion all creation existent or non existent comes into being. For these reasons the cosmic mother is represented through picture disposition and images as having one, two, four, five or numerous faces feet hands etc. these representations are as full of truth as of mystery. Only the initiated who are given to reflection know that accomplishment itself is the propitiation of Bhagwati Sakti the prime ordeal power behind. Thus an attempt has been made in this book to give first hand account of the holy shrines of Divine Mother spread all over the Indian subcontinent. An attempt has been made to give historical mythological and spiritual background of all the important shrines. This is a very humble effort on my behalf and I hope that readers will send their views to me to further improve the contents of the books.

 

CONTENTS

 

S. No. Subject Page No.
1. Foreword 7
2. Introduction 9
3. Call of Nine Goddesses 12
4. Glory of the divine-mother 13
5. Pictures 17 to 32
6. The Great Goddess 33
  The Blazing Tower of Splendor 35
  Shiva and Shakti 38
  The Origin of Goddess from the Gods 40
  The Death of Mahisha, The Buffalow Demon 46
  The Birth of Kali and the Final Battle 48
7. Nine Embodiments of the Deity 49
8. The Tale of Nine Incarnations 53
9. The History of Establishment of Shaktipithas 61
  The test of Uma's penance 62
  Daksha's Insult 65
  The Destruction of Daksha's Sacrifice 69
  Establishment of the Seats of Deity 73
10. Nine Important Shrines: An Introduction 74
11. A pilgrimage to the Shrines 76
  NAINA DEVI (Mythological Background) 76
  A brief history of the temple 77
  CHINTPURNI DEVI 79
  Chhinnamastika 79
  The history of Chintapurni 80
  Chhinnamastika name Why and How? 82
  VAJRESHWARI DEVI (Nagarkot Dham Kangra) 83
  Historical and Mythological
Background of Kangra
83
  Shri Tara Devi (Brijeshwari) in Tantra 85
  History of the Temple 87
  Temple precints 88
  Miraculous Idols of Kangra-Temple 88
  Some Holy places around Nagarkot Kangra 88
  SHRI JWALAMUKHI 93
  Way to reach the Shrine 93
  History of Jwalamukhi Temple 93
  Shri Jwalamukhi and Lightning-Splendour 94
  Holy-Jyoti with Sacrificial Enclosure 95
  Some Holy & Picturesque Places around
Jwala-Mukhi Temple
95
  The Story of 'Dhyanu Bhakt' 97
  Sacrificial-Worship 101
  MATA VAISHNO DEVI 103
  Way to reach the Shrine 103
  History of Mata-Vaishno-Devi 104
  A Story of Goddess Vaishno-Devi 106
  Pilgrimage centres around
Mata Vaishno-Devi Shrine
116
  The history of Bhairav-Temple 121
  SHRI CHAMUNDA DEVI 122
  Way to Shrine 122
  Story of Shri Chamunda-Devi 123
  History of the Temple 125
  Chandi-Devi Temple 125
  MANSA DEVI (Chandigarh-Manimajra) 127
  The History of Mansa Devi Temple 127
  Mansa Devi Temple (Haridwar) 128
  The Story of Mansa Devi 129
  The Story of saint 'Zart-Karu' 130
  SHAKUMBHARI GODDESS 137
  The history of Shakumbhari Devi 137
  Appearance of Shakumbhari Goddess 138
  KALIKA DEVI 140
  History of Kalika Temple 140
  Bhadra-Kali 142
  Bhadrakali and the Thieves 143
12. Some other Temples of the Goddess 146
13. A Hymn to the Divine-Mother 149
14. Shower Divine Grace 150
15. To The Goddess 151

Sample Page


CALL OF- NINE GODDESSES: (1. Naina Devi, 2. Chintapurni, 3. Jwalamukhi, 4. Vajreshwari (Kangra), 5. Chamunda Devi, 6. Vaishno Devi, 7. Mansa Devi, 8. Kalika Devi, 9. Shakumbhari)

Item Code:
IDG220
Cover:
Paperback
Edition:
2009
Publisher:
PUSTAK-SANSAAR
Language:
English
Size:
8.5"X5.5"
Pages:
152 (B & W Illus: 5, Color Illus: 35, Figures)
Other Details:
Weight of the Book: 245 gms
Price:
$20.00   Shipping Free
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CALL OF- NINE GODDESSES: (1. Naina Devi, 2. Chintapurni, 3. Jwalamukhi, 4. Vajreshwari (Kangra), 5. Chamunda Devi, 6. Vaishno Devi, 7. Mansa Devi, 8. Kalika Devi, 9. Shakumbhari)

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FOREWORD

What is here is there and what is there is here. Things and beings seem various but are indeed one being. We are liberated when we perceive this oneness. We go from death to death if we perceive differences. It is by enlightenment that the mind can overcome the feeling of difference and have a vision of transcendent oneness in the form of divine mother Maheshwari.

As every object of this world is subject to limitations, so is the human intellect. But the divine force, which is in continuous action behind every subject and object, is beyond limitations and is as such known as Shakti or Tripura or Mahamaya. The same force becomes thought of the subject, action of the object and later the cause of the dissolution of both subject and object. The divine mother can be seen in numberless forms in the universe but still she is one and the only one.

An attempt has been made in this book "The Call of nine Goddesses" to present a true historical account of the holy shrines based on traditions and mythology. But an interesting aspect of the book is the importance of devotion for devotees. No aspect of worship is true without devotion. The love of the divine mother and her clarion call to devotees Mata Ne Bulaya Hai fills nectar in the heart and soul of pilgrims and devotees make bee-line to lick the divine nectar, there-of shrills of joy and devotion fill the air "Jai Mata Di". There is no distinction of sex, caste, language, religion, belief or anything. One has to only call the divine mother and she will fulfil desires and give joy without fail.

It is a profound experience to read this exposition. It has its historical elements, geographical pointers, aesthetic excellence.

Once again, I thank and bow down to the inspiration that vibrates on every page of this story of divine mother.

 

Pandit Moti Lal Shastri (Pushkar)
Geeta Bhawan, Jammu (J & K)

 

Introduction

The concept of supreme mother Goddess is too old in India. The divine mother has been worshipped as Shakti since Vedic times and this worship was not confined to India but Egyptians and greeks also practiced the worship of mother Goddess in one or the other form. The vibrant and unbounded compassion and bountiful mercy were regarded as the divine attributes of Goddess mother. The devotees found God incarnate through mother benign and merciful. The relation of child and mother cut across all barriers and the refuge under the feet of the mother gave peace and solace. With divine mother the devotee gave up formal worship and felt her presence all around him. The child soul of this humanity readily turns to the mother soul in all situation of life. Shri Aurbindo points out how mother is always ready with the bounty for myriad children. No wonder she is lauded in every possible way over the length and breadth of India. The heat of religionists the artist the poet the mystic every one melts when he speaks of her. The being flows spontaneously when one comes to adore her to celebrate her glory.

Abhinava Gupta the famous sage scholar form Kashmir addressed mother goddess Parvati as supreme consciousness incarnate.

O mother parvati! Since thou art the root of all speech I may sing thy glory or do otherwise all that is adoration to thee. Thou art present for me in all forms both mental and physical. When I ponder over these things. O mother the doer of good and destroyer of evil without any effort on my part thus passes all my time in singing thy glory in repeating thy name, in adoring thee, and in meditation of thy true self.”

Thus the devotee adores lord God as female deity in the form of mother and feels at ease while worshipping mother. The Devi Sakta in the tenth Mandala of Rig-Veda is a standing testimony to the pro-eminent position occupied by the divine creatic in the Aryan consciousness. Surprisingly it is often overlooked that major deities with feminine appellations in the Veda are not there as the wives of God. lila, Mahi, Daksina are divine powers in their own right. Actually there is no question here as 10 who is superior, the male or female deity? The truth is that supreme God Brahma is beyond shape, cause, reason, character or comprehension. However, Cod personified himself in male or female form to fill the void between known and unknown, As such there is no question as to who is superior the male or the female deity. In reality both are the same truth, the same consciousness in two poises, presiding status and executive status. In the language of the Tantra, Siva and Sakti are not two different entities. It is Siva and Sakti. The functions are different with corresponding poises, in the same way, as electric energy is manifested in different objects in different ways. Electric energy gives light through a bulb or tube light, heat through a heater, movement of trains through an engine and so on. Similarly the powers of Goddess mother are manifested in the various deities as goddess in thousands of ways. The unique position of the divine goddess “Sakti” is mentioned in Upanisads as Uma Haimavati, Teacher of the Gods, she who opens their eye to the truth of existence, is lauded as supreme. The Gita speaks of Para-Prakrti, which is none other than Paz-a-Sakti (Divine Goddess). Puranas have their own explanations in respect of mother goddess worship. The symbolism in Puranas is evident in this book and it apparently seems opaque. Even then, we have Puranas that place Dcvi (Goddess) in a special relationship with the Deva. At times the Gods are obliged to merge into personality of savior mother.

Several attempts have been made by curious researchers to unravel the truth about the infinite power. Para-Shakti, who is described as the cosmic mother by Vedas, the tantras, the Puranas and the (Upanishads. She is ever sportive whereas the all powerful Siva is always engrossed in contemplation. In whose being Brahama Vishnu and Rudra Create sustain and dissolve this universe. By whose pulsation time triple quality and the five elements display their influence. By whose sweet will gods demonds, mortals, animals, birds and insects are impelled to conquer their enemies as well as support and nourish themselves and by whose compassion all creation existent or non existent comes into being. For these reasons the cosmic mother is represented through picture disposition and images as having one, two, four, five or numerous faces feet hands etc. these representations are as full of truth as of mystery. Only the initiated who are given to reflection know that accomplishment itself is the propitiation of Bhagwati Sakti the prime ordeal power behind. Thus an attempt has been made in this book to give first hand account of the holy shrines of Divine Mother spread all over the Indian subcontinent. An attempt has been made to give historical mythological and spiritual background of all the important shrines. This is a very humble effort on my behalf and I hope that readers will send their views to me to further improve the contents of the books.

 

CONTENTS

 

S. No. Subject Page No.
1. Foreword 7
2. Introduction 9
3. Call of Nine Goddesses 12
4. Glory of the divine-mother 13
5. Pictures 17 to 32
6. The Great Goddess 33
  The Blazing Tower of Splendor 35
  Shiva and Shakti 38
  The Origin of Goddess from the Gods 40
  The Death of Mahisha, The Buffalow Demon 46
  The Birth of Kali and the Final Battle 48
7. Nine Embodiments of the Deity 49
8. The Tale of Nine Incarnations 53
9. The History of Establishment of Shaktipithas 61
  The test of Uma's penance 62
  Daksha's Insult 65
  The Destruction of Daksha's Sacrifice 69
  Establishment of the Seats of Deity 73
10. Nine Important Shrines: An Introduction 74
11. A pilgrimage to the Shrines 76
  NAINA DEVI (Mythological Background) 76
  A brief history of the temple 77
  CHINTPURNI DEVI 79
  Chhinnamastika 79
  The history of Chintapurni 80
  Chhinnamastika name Why and How? 82
  VAJRESHWARI DEVI (Nagarkot Dham Kangra) 83
  Historical and Mythological
Background of Kangra
83
  Shri Tara Devi (Brijeshwari) in Tantra 85
  History of the Temple 87
  Temple precints 88
  Miraculous Idols of Kangra-Temple 88
  Some Holy places around Nagarkot Kangra 88
  SHRI JWALAMUKHI 93
  Way to reach the Shrine 93
  History of Jwalamukhi Temple 93
  Shri Jwalamukhi and Lightning-Splendour 94
  Holy-Jyoti with Sacrificial Enclosure 95
  Some Holy & Picturesque Places around
Jwala-Mukhi Temple
95
  The Story of 'Dhyanu Bhakt' 97
  Sacrificial-Worship 101
  MATA VAISHNO DEVI 103
  Way to reach the Shrine 103
  History of Mata-Vaishno-Devi 104
  A Story of Goddess Vaishno-Devi 106
  Pilgrimage centres around
Mata Vaishno-Devi Shrine
116
  The history of Bhairav-Temple 121
  SHRI CHAMUNDA DEVI 122
  Way to Shrine 122
  Story of Shri Chamunda-Devi 123
  History of the Temple 125
  Chandi-Devi Temple 125
  MANSA DEVI (Chandigarh-Manimajra) 127
  The History of Mansa Devi Temple 127
  Mansa Devi Temple (Haridwar) 128
  The Story of Mansa Devi 129
  The Story of saint 'Zart-Karu' 130
  SHAKUMBHARI GODDESS 137
  The history of Shakumbhari Devi 137
  Appearance of Shakumbhari Goddess 138
  KALIKA DEVI 140
  History of Kalika Temple 140
  Bhadra-Kali 142
  Bhadrakali and the Thieves 143
12. Some other Temples of the Goddess 146
13. A Hymn to the Divine-Mother 149
14. Shower Divine Grace 150
15. To The Goddess 151

Sample Page


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