Subscribe for Newsletters and Discounts
Be the first to receive our thoughtfully written
religious articles and product discounts.
Your interests (Optional)
This will help us make recommendations and send discounts and sale information at times.
By registering, you may receive account related information, our email newsletters and product updates, no more than twice a month. Please read our Privacy Policy for details.
.
Share
Share our website with your friends.
Email this page to a friend
By subscribing, you will receive our email newsletters and product updates, no more than twice a month. All emails will be sent by Exotic India using the email address info@exoticindia.com.

Please read our Privacy Policy for details.
|6
Your Cart (0)
Books > Ayurveda > Drug Addiction in Male Adolescents in Psychological Perspectives
Displaying 392 of 1507         Previous  |  NextSubscribe to our newsletter and discounts
Drug Addiction in Male Adolescents in Psychological Perspectives
Pages from the book
Drug Addiction in Male Adolescents in Psychological Perspectives
Look Inside the Book
Description
Foreword

Alcohol and drug abuse have emerged as a major mental health haxard throughout the World. India is no more an exception. The problem has increased rapidly in this country in all forms of society. The adolescent’s appear to be prime victims. Durg abuse in not only a social evil; it is clearly a from of mental illness. Although social and environmental factors play a great role in afflicting the people taking in the grip of drug abuse and dependence; but it has become more and evidenced that the tendency of drug abuse has also a genetic background. It has been observed that the people of a particular temperament and personality are more prone to this ailment.

Use of alcohol and hallucinogenic drugs begins initially in the innocent people as a tool of defensive coping against anxiety and tension. The temporary feeling of wellbeing produced by the substance use props an individual to repeat the consumption, initially off and on, but later more regularly. Soon, the pasycho-emotional attraction is converted into physiological dependence when many body functions including certain vital ones get adapted to the substance used. In such cases withdrawal of the used substance leads to major physiological upset and at many occasions such underfed withdrawal of a substance may prove fatal.

Thus drug abuse and dependence is a major morbidity in the present day society. Moreover the individuals afflicted with these sick situations become prone to many other associated hazards such as sexually transmitted diseases, infections traveling though medications particularly potential use viz, HIV-Aids and HBV etc. Organ failures due to specific tissue damage because of the chemo toxicity of substance used such as hepatic failure in alcoholics are very common. Thus drug abuse is a multifaceted medical disorder.

Higher incidence in adolescents particularly of intellectual class has a socio economic impact. The metellectual class has a notable socio economic impact. The mental physical health and the future career of these young individuals are doomed. Many of these individuals are involved in many kinds of crimes. They do not work and their productivity is lost and as such it is a significant economic handicap. Thus the whole issue is of major national importance and warrants to be tackled with top priority. The strategy should be:

1. to present drug abuse though social awareness and emotional care of the prone individuals and by strategic stop-page of the availability of abused druges in such hands;
2. to manage the problems of those who are already fallen victim.
The former strategy needs social and administrative activism while the latter is a specialized Medicare which involves expert medical care in active de-addiction and rehabilitation programmers. The role of a psychologist is impotent in both these aspects.

It is not true that alcohol and drug about were unknown in ancient time. As least Ayurvedic texts give a vivid account of alcoholism and its management besides the abuse of certain other narcotics. Ayourved propounds its own approach in this context. Many contemporary centers of traditional care deliberate. Many contemporary centers of traditional care deliberate to employ strategies of social and environmental correction on the principle of Swastha vritta, Sadvritta and Acura besides practice of Yoga mediation and relaxation for prevention and rehabilitation. They advocate internal bio-purification by Panchakarma and Ayurvedic Massage therapy. Some time the Sat karmas of Hatha Yoga tradition are used for bio-purification of the miliru interior. Ramayana Therapy especially Madhya Ramayana’s drugs are used for inducing psycho-emotional stability. However, there is a need of standardizing these procedures to develop a comprehensive traditional traditional strategy of indigenous origin for prevention and management of drug abuse.

I have gone though the book “Drug Addiction in Male Adolescents: In Psychological Perspectives” authorized by Dr. Shubhra Banerjee and Dr. Anjana mukhopadhyay. Both are noted scholars of clinical psychology, logical counseling and personality studies. They are fully equipped to handle any problem to this field. This book presents a critical review on the problem of drug about abuse particularly in adolescent besides its own research components. It contains significant scientific data of permanent value besides the comprehensive methodology developed by the authors for applying to the present study.

This book may prove a very uself reading for postgraduate students and reaches in this field, It may also become a scientific manual for all workers involved in the field of prevention and care of drug abuse. I congratulate the authors for producing a good piece of research on an important topic of great relevance to the present day society. The publication also deserves acknowledgement for this important scientific addition to the literature in this field.

 

Preface

Drug addiction is an increasing psychological problem though out the world. All addictive drugs have powerful action on the central nervous system and their harmful, adverse and detrimental effects are reacted to different personality characteristics The nature of the effects of drug and dependence may be temperamental or physical both: All addictive and dependence producing drugs create emotional dependence, that is a say that the drug has to be taken as a means of coping with life’s stresses and to produce various effects desired by the person on his emotions. Drive, perceptual powers, conflicts and problems. It is a highly complex, subject which encompasses the biomedical and psychopharmacological effects on body function and behavioral response of the user. It has been assumed to be an international phenomenon, where in, the drug or a toxic agent, the person who takes if and society with is value system interact with each other. Thus it has been a problem almost for all the countries in the world. The most destructive of this social problem is that it is continuously on the increase in spite of all the possible restriction, comprehension and course deterrent punishment for those in this nefarious trade. Its another most terrible aspect is that it is causing impair able loss of manpower by reviving the physical and mental health of million of people particularly of the young generation. The health problems due to drug addicting need to be assessed from psychological perspective. An overall knowledge of the health problem in relation to drug addiction is very necessary, After all, health , a bio- phenomenon is a broad issue and must not be dealt exclusive, by medically qualified professionals only. The young adolescents, the budding generation is very much victimized of this menace.

There are many books on psychology and psychiatry dealing with this burning psychological problem Drug Addiction written by well known experts of western countries. Experience suggested that the knowledge derive from work done in western countries could not be directly derived from work done in western countries could not be directly applied to the Indian situation since most of our higher research works are based on western studies, there is always a gap between the theoretical knowledge and practical realities writhen which we have to operate .In clinical practice the knowledge and techniques needed to be modified and adapted in Indian context. To study drug addiction in Indian perspective we need literature on detail psychological study exploring the main causes of drug addiction and remedial technique in Indian experience and orientation. The present study is an example to show that how much psychological factors are reacted with this menace and to apply some intervention program for temperamentally susceptible subjects. It is a comprehensive account of personality characteristics of male adolescent drug addicts, fully based on a major research project sponsored by Eric, Ncert, where the first author was the Principal Investigator and the second author was co-investigator. It is designed to be a reference book for students at the Post graduate as well as Doctoral level of psychology, psychiatry and social work.

The book is divided into six chapters. The first chapter deals with the concept of drug addiction, different typeset of drugs and their harmful effects. The second chapter with the review of literature and the third one with methodology the Spine of a scientific research. This sampling technology and psychological tools used in the study has been dealt in the chapter of methodology. The fourth chapter explored the results. Result has been shown in detail by tables, charts, figures and graph. The fifth chapter given the full analysis interpretation and discussion. Result of the relevant statistical measures and psychological tools used are given in Appendix.

It is a matter of most delight for me to acknowledge my indebtedness to the Member Secretary Eric, Ncert for giving me an opportunity to work on such a burning Psycho-Social problem i.e. Drug Addiction

I deem it my pleasant duty to acknowledge my gratefulness to Prof. M.C. Joshi formerly vice Chancellor kumauuune University, Neonatal for his valuable suggestions rendered to me in presentation of data and its interpretation. It would be no exaggeration to say that without his support, work of a multidisciplinary nature such as this, could not have been accomplished.

I am extremely grateful to pro. R. H. Singh, Vice Chancellor, Rajasthan Ayurveda University, Jodhpur, Rajasthan for his invaluable help in the design and execution of this work. His keen interest in the completion of this academic venture, especially writing the foreword for this book, was a source of great more support for me.

I express my sincere thanks to pro. Satvir Singh, Head of the Department of Educational Survey & Data Processing NCERT, New Delhi, proof. Neerja Sheila, Head, Department of Education of groups with special needs, NCERT. New Delhi. Prof. S. K. Bhattacharya formerly Head, department of Pharmacology, Bananas Hindu University, Varanasi Prof. Indra Sharma, Head Department of Psychiatry, B.H.U., Varanasi and Dr. Sunil K. Das, formerly director Narcotics Control Bureau, Government of India, Varanasi for their valuable suggestions which have been incorporated in this book.

In the process of data collection Mr. Kiran Sharma, Director Nave Chetna, Drug Dedication Center, Varanasi, Dr. Sanjay Gupta, Reader, Department of Psychiatry, B.H.U., Varanasi and principal, Central Hindu Boys School, Varanasi, have helped me to a great extent for which I am highly thankful to them.

My thanks are also due to Prof. C.B. Dwivedi, Department of Psychology, B.H.U., and Varanasi, for his interest, co-operation and encouragement in my present endeavor.

My special thanks are also due to M/S Chaukhamba Subpart Prakashan, Varanasi who undertook the publication of this book at a very short notice. I am very thankful to my son Mr. Ashutosh banerjee who always agreed to sit at odd house for correction in the typed manuscripts and proof reading.

In the last, but by no means the least, I am thankful to all of the hospitalized addicts and students (non drug taking subject) on whom the study was made. All those who were helpful for the completion of this work. I thank them collectively.

 

Contents

 

  Foreword III
  Preface VI
  List of tables X
  List of figures XII
1 Introduction 1
2 Review of Literature 23
3 Methodology 34
4 Result 50
5 Interpretation 86
6 Summary 103
  References  
Appendix a Personal Data Schedule 123
Appendix b Family Environment Scale 125
Appendix c Sis, 1 Scoring Sheet 130
Appendix d Eight State Questionnaire 135
Appendix e Emotional Maturity Scale 147
Appendix f Calculation- Anova 152
  Calculation-Dennett’s Test  
  Calculation-Multiple R Table  

Sample Pages













Drug Addiction in Male Adolescents in Psychological Perspectives

Item Code:
NAE139
Cover:
Hardcover
Edition:
2004
Publisher:
Chaukhamba Surbharati Prakashan
Size:
8.5 inch X 5.5 inch
Pages:
269
Other Details:
Weight of the Book: 435 gms
Price:
$30.00   Shipping Free
Look Inside the Book
Add to Wishlist
Send as e-card
Send as free online greeting card
Drug Addiction in Male Adolescents in Psychological Perspectives

Verify the characters on the left

From:
Edit     
You will be informed as and when your card is viewed. Please note that your card will be active in the system for 30 days.

Viewed 2565 times since 14th Apr, 2016
Foreword

Alcohol and drug abuse have emerged as a major mental health haxard throughout the World. India is no more an exception. The problem has increased rapidly in this country in all forms of society. The adolescent’s appear to be prime victims. Durg abuse in not only a social evil; it is clearly a from of mental illness. Although social and environmental factors play a great role in afflicting the people taking in the grip of drug abuse and dependence; but it has become more and evidenced that the tendency of drug abuse has also a genetic background. It has been observed that the people of a particular temperament and personality are more prone to this ailment.

Use of alcohol and hallucinogenic drugs begins initially in the innocent people as a tool of defensive coping against anxiety and tension. The temporary feeling of wellbeing produced by the substance use props an individual to repeat the consumption, initially off and on, but later more regularly. Soon, the pasycho-emotional attraction is converted into physiological dependence when many body functions including certain vital ones get adapted to the substance used. In such cases withdrawal of the used substance leads to major physiological upset and at many occasions such underfed withdrawal of a substance may prove fatal.

Thus drug abuse and dependence is a major morbidity in the present day society. Moreover the individuals afflicted with these sick situations become prone to many other associated hazards such as sexually transmitted diseases, infections traveling though medications particularly potential use viz, HIV-Aids and HBV etc. Organ failures due to specific tissue damage because of the chemo toxicity of substance used such as hepatic failure in alcoholics are very common. Thus drug abuse is a multifaceted medical disorder.

Higher incidence in adolescents particularly of intellectual class has a socio economic impact. The metellectual class has a notable socio economic impact. The mental physical health and the future career of these young individuals are doomed. Many of these individuals are involved in many kinds of crimes. They do not work and their productivity is lost and as such it is a significant economic handicap. Thus the whole issue is of major national importance and warrants to be tackled with top priority. The strategy should be:

1. to present drug abuse though social awareness and emotional care of the prone individuals and by strategic stop-page of the availability of abused druges in such hands;
2. to manage the problems of those who are already fallen victim.
The former strategy needs social and administrative activism while the latter is a specialized Medicare which involves expert medical care in active de-addiction and rehabilitation programmers. The role of a psychologist is impotent in both these aspects.

It is not true that alcohol and drug about were unknown in ancient time. As least Ayurvedic texts give a vivid account of alcoholism and its management besides the abuse of certain other narcotics. Ayourved propounds its own approach in this context. Many contemporary centers of traditional care deliberate. Many contemporary centers of traditional care deliberate to employ strategies of social and environmental correction on the principle of Swastha vritta, Sadvritta and Acura besides practice of Yoga mediation and relaxation for prevention and rehabilitation. They advocate internal bio-purification by Panchakarma and Ayurvedic Massage therapy. Some time the Sat karmas of Hatha Yoga tradition are used for bio-purification of the miliru interior. Ramayana Therapy especially Madhya Ramayana’s drugs are used for inducing psycho-emotional stability. However, there is a need of standardizing these procedures to develop a comprehensive traditional traditional strategy of indigenous origin for prevention and management of drug abuse.

I have gone though the book “Drug Addiction in Male Adolescents: In Psychological Perspectives” authorized by Dr. Shubhra Banerjee and Dr. Anjana mukhopadhyay. Both are noted scholars of clinical psychology, logical counseling and personality studies. They are fully equipped to handle any problem to this field. This book presents a critical review on the problem of drug about abuse particularly in adolescent besides its own research components. It contains significant scientific data of permanent value besides the comprehensive methodology developed by the authors for applying to the present study.

This book may prove a very uself reading for postgraduate students and reaches in this field, It may also become a scientific manual for all workers involved in the field of prevention and care of drug abuse. I congratulate the authors for producing a good piece of research on an important topic of great relevance to the present day society. The publication also deserves acknowledgement for this important scientific addition to the literature in this field.

 

Preface

Drug addiction is an increasing psychological problem though out the world. All addictive drugs have powerful action on the central nervous system and their harmful, adverse and detrimental effects are reacted to different personality characteristics The nature of the effects of drug and dependence may be temperamental or physical both: All addictive and dependence producing drugs create emotional dependence, that is a say that the drug has to be taken as a means of coping with life’s stresses and to produce various effects desired by the person on his emotions. Drive, perceptual powers, conflicts and problems. It is a highly complex, subject which encompasses the biomedical and psychopharmacological effects on body function and behavioral response of the user. It has been assumed to be an international phenomenon, where in, the drug or a toxic agent, the person who takes if and society with is value system interact with each other. Thus it has been a problem almost for all the countries in the world. The most destructive of this social problem is that it is continuously on the increase in spite of all the possible restriction, comprehension and course deterrent punishment for those in this nefarious trade. Its another most terrible aspect is that it is causing impair able loss of manpower by reviving the physical and mental health of million of people particularly of the young generation. The health problems due to drug addicting need to be assessed from psychological perspective. An overall knowledge of the health problem in relation to drug addiction is very necessary, After all, health , a bio- phenomenon is a broad issue and must not be dealt exclusive, by medically qualified professionals only. The young adolescents, the budding generation is very much victimized of this menace.

There are many books on psychology and psychiatry dealing with this burning psychological problem Drug Addiction written by well known experts of western countries. Experience suggested that the knowledge derive from work done in western countries could not be directly derived from work done in western countries could not be directly applied to the Indian situation since most of our higher research works are based on western studies, there is always a gap between the theoretical knowledge and practical realities writhen which we have to operate .In clinical practice the knowledge and techniques needed to be modified and adapted in Indian context. To study drug addiction in Indian perspective we need literature on detail psychological study exploring the main causes of drug addiction and remedial technique in Indian experience and orientation. The present study is an example to show that how much psychological factors are reacted with this menace and to apply some intervention program for temperamentally susceptible subjects. It is a comprehensive account of personality characteristics of male adolescent drug addicts, fully based on a major research project sponsored by Eric, Ncert, where the first author was the Principal Investigator and the second author was co-investigator. It is designed to be a reference book for students at the Post graduate as well as Doctoral level of psychology, psychiatry and social work.

The book is divided into six chapters. The first chapter deals with the concept of drug addiction, different typeset of drugs and their harmful effects. The second chapter with the review of literature and the third one with methodology the Spine of a scientific research. This sampling technology and psychological tools used in the study has been dealt in the chapter of methodology. The fourth chapter explored the results. Result has been shown in detail by tables, charts, figures and graph. The fifth chapter given the full analysis interpretation and discussion. Result of the relevant statistical measures and psychological tools used are given in Appendix.

It is a matter of most delight for me to acknowledge my indebtedness to the Member Secretary Eric, Ncert for giving me an opportunity to work on such a burning Psycho-Social problem i.e. Drug Addiction

I deem it my pleasant duty to acknowledge my gratefulness to Prof. M.C. Joshi formerly vice Chancellor kumauuune University, Neonatal for his valuable suggestions rendered to me in presentation of data and its interpretation. It would be no exaggeration to say that without his support, work of a multidisciplinary nature such as this, could not have been accomplished.

I am extremely grateful to pro. R. H. Singh, Vice Chancellor, Rajasthan Ayurveda University, Jodhpur, Rajasthan for his invaluable help in the design and execution of this work. His keen interest in the completion of this academic venture, especially writing the foreword for this book, was a source of great more support for me.

I express my sincere thanks to pro. Satvir Singh, Head of the Department of Educational Survey & Data Processing NCERT, New Delhi, proof. Neerja Sheila, Head, Department of Education of groups with special needs, NCERT. New Delhi. Prof. S. K. Bhattacharya formerly Head, department of Pharmacology, Bananas Hindu University, Varanasi Prof. Indra Sharma, Head Department of Psychiatry, B.H.U., Varanasi and Dr. Sunil K. Das, formerly director Narcotics Control Bureau, Government of India, Varanasi for their valuable suggestions which have been incorporated in this book.

In the process of data collection Mr. Kiran Sharma, Director Nave Chetna, Drug Dedication Center, Varanasi, Dr. Sanjay Gupta, Reader, Department of Psychiatry, B.H.U., Varanasi and principal, Central Hindu Boys School, Varanasi, have helped me to a great extent for which I am highly thankful to them.

My thanks are also due to Prof. C.B. Dwivedi, Department of Psychology, B.H.U., and Varanasi, for his interest, co-operation and encouragement in my present endeavor.

My special thanks are also due to M/S Chaukhamba Subpart Prakashan, Varanasi who undertook the publication of this book at a very short notice. I am very thankful to my son Mr. Ashutosh banerjee who always agreed to sit at odd house for correction in the typed manuscripts and proof reading.

In the last, but by no means the least, I am thankful to all of the hospitalized addicts and students (non drug taking subject) on whom the study was made. All those who were helpful for the completion of this work. I thank them collectively.

 

Contents

 

  Foreword III
  Preface VI
  List of tables X
  List of figures XII
1 Introduction 1
2 Review of Literature 23
3 Methodology 34
4 Result 50
5 Interpretation 86
6 Summary 103
  References  
Appendix a Personal Data Schedule 123
Appendix b Family Environment Scale 125
Appendix c Sis, 1 Scoring Sheet 130
Appendix d Eight State Questionnaire 135
Appendix e Emotional Maturity Scale 147
Appendix f Calculation- Anova 152
  Calculation-Dennett’s Test  
  Calculation-Multiple R Table  

Sample Pages













Post a Comment
 
Post Review
Post a Query
For privacy concerns, please view our Privacy Policy

Related Items

Drug Addiction In Male Adolescents : In Psychological Perspectives
by Dr. Shubhra Banerjee and Dr. Anjana Mukhopadhyay
Hardcover (Edition: 2004)
Chaukhamba Surbharati Prakashan
Item Code: IDI914
$35.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Aphrodisiac Therapy: Vajikarana Tantram
by Prof. (Dr.) Gyanendra Pandey

Hardcover (Edition: 2005)
Chowkhamba Sanskrit Series Office
Item Code: IDF446
$60.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
A Text Book of Dravyaguna Vijnana (Set of 2 Volumes)
by Dr.Praksh L.Hegde and Dr. Harini A.
Paperback (Edition: 2015)
Chowkhamba Publications
Item Code: NAI402
$65.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Blood and Liver Disorders (Ayurvedic and Modern Concept)
by Dr. V. B Athavale& Dr. Kamlesh V. Athavale
Paperback (Edition: 2002)
Sanatan Bharatiya Sanskruti Sanstha
Item Code: NAE142
$15.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Homoeopathy The Complete Handbook
by Dr. K. P. S. Dhama and Dr. (Mrs.) Suman Dhama
Paperback (Edition: 2016)
UBS Publisher's Distributors Pvt. Ltd.
Item Code: IDH372
$25.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
The Natural Remedy Book For Women
by Diane Stein
Paperback (Edition: 1998)
Sri Satguru Publications
Item Code: IHL307
$30.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Nature Cure At Home
by Dr. Rajeshwari

Paperback (Edition: 2004)
Pustak Mahal
Item Code: IDF185
$14.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Sexuality and Human Relationships
by Dr. Sanjay Chugh
Paperback (Edition: 1999)
Piper Books
Item Code: IDH514
$14.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Healing Heart Disease Naturally: Holistic techniques for total well-being
by Dr. Dayal Mirchandani
Paperback (Edition: 2003)
Pustak Mahal
Item Code: IDF854
$14.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Svasthavrttam Part - I Text and English Version with Modern Views on Personal Hygiene
by Dr. Ghanashyam Dora
Paperback (Edition: 2010)
Chowkhamba Krishnadas Academy
Item Code: IHK028
$30.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Health, Medicine and Religion
by Swami Brahmeshananda
Paperback (Edition: 2004)
Sri Ramakrishna Math
Item Code: IDF012
$7.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Healthy Body, Healthy Mind- A Health Handbook for Tibetan Women
by TibetanNunsProject
Paperback (Edition: 2006)
Tibetan Nuns Project
Item Code: IHF085
$32.50
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Acupuncture Cure: For Common Diseases
by Dr. Raman Kapur & Dr. Sunita Kapur
Paperback (Edition: 2013)
Orient Paperbacks
Item Code: IDF076
$13.50
Add to Cart
Buy Now

Testimonials

I recieved my Mahavir pendant today. It is wonderful. I was recently in Delhi and as it was a spiritual trip visiting Jain temples in Rajasthan, Agra, Rishikesh and Delhi i did not have the opportunity to shop much. The pendant is beautiful and i shall treasure it. I have attached a picture of me in India. Your country and the people will always be in my heart.
Evelyn, Desoto, Texas.
I received my Order this week, It's wonderful. I really thank you very much.
Antonio Freitas, Sao Paulo, Brazil.
I have been ordering from your site for several years and am always pleased with my orders and the time frame is lovely also. Thanks for being such a wonderful company.
Delia, USA
I recviced Book Air Parcel(Nadi-Astrology). I am glad to see this book. Thankx. Muhammad Arshad Nadeem Pakistan.
Muhammad Arshad Nadeem
It is always a great pleasure to return to Exotic India with its exquisit artwork, books and other items. As I said several times before, Exotic India is far more than a highly professional Indian online shop; it is in fact an excellent ambassador to the world for the splendour of Indian wisdom and spirituality. I wish a happy and successful New Year 2017 to Exotic India and its employees! You can be very proud of yourself!
Dr Michael Seeber (psychiatrist and psychotherapist, Essen/Germany)
My last order arrived in a reasonable amount of time, regarding the long way it had to take! I am glad to find this and some other ayurvedic remedy, as well as books and much other things at your online-store and I am looking forward to be your customer again, some time.
Andreas, Germany.
Намаскар! Честно говоря, сомневался. Но сегодня получил свой заказ. Порадовала упаковка, упаковано всё очень тщательно и аккуратно. Большое спасибо, как раз подарок к Новому Году! Namaskar! Frankly, I doubted. But today received my order. We were pleased with the packaging. Everything is packed carefully and accurately. Thank you very much, just a gift for the New Year!
Ruslan, Russia.
Thanks for the great sale!! It really helped me out. I love Exotic India.
Shannon, USA
I have got the 3 parcels with my order today and everything is perfect. Thank you very much for such a good packaging to protect the items and for your service.
Guadalupe, Spain
Great books! I am so glad you make them available to order, thank you!
Yevgen, USA
TRUSTe online privacy certification
Language:
Currency:
All rights reserved. Copyright 2017 © Exotic India