Subscribe for Newsletters and Discounts
Be the first to receive our thoughtfully written
religious articles and product discounts.
Your interests (Optional)
This will help us make recommendations and send discounts and sale information at times.
By registering, you may receive account related information, our email newsletters and product updates, no more than twice a month. Please read our Privacy Policy for details.
.
By subscribing, you will receive our email newsletters and product updates, no more than twice a month. All emails will be sent by Exotic India using the email address info@exoticindia.com.

Please read our Privacy Policy for details.
|6
Your Cart (0)
Share our website with your friends.
Email this page to a friend
Books > Hindu > Falsity and Reality (An Advaita Approach)
Displaying 2385 of 7245         Previous  |  NextSubscribe to our newsletter and discounts
Falsity and Reality (An Advaita Approach)
Pages from the book
Falsity and Reality (An Advaita Approach)
Look Inside the Book
Description
About the Book

The monograph presents the metaphysical status of falsity and reality in the field of Advaita Vidanta Philosophy. It goes deep into the concept of falsity (mithyaatva) as enunciated by Sankara, Padmapada, Prakasataman, Anandabodha, and Citsukha. It does with falsity of the world and the falsity of falsity particulary from Madhusadana’s point of view.

It spends considerable energy in analyzing the empirical reality and ultimate reality. The author has tried to project the Advaita position that falsity and reality are not mutually opposed: the false is as much real and its locus.

 

About the Author

Born on Ist January, 1966 in a Brahmin family at Hossainpur, in the district of Burdwan, West Bengal and having a brilliant academic record, Dr. Mridula Bhattacharyya is presently attached to the University of Burdwan in the capacity of Associate Professor in Philosophy. She has expertise in the fields of Vedanta, Mimamsa and Nyaya. She has producted a number of Ph. D degrees in the different areas of Indian Philosophy. She has a number of published research papers to her credit. She has co-authored a book entitled Gaudapader Darshan published by West Bengal State Book Board.

 

Preface

The present monograph records the results of laborious research carried out in the field of Advaita Vedanta Philosophy so far as its approach to the problem of falsity and reality is concerned. The research work was approved by The University of Burdwan for award of Ph.D. degree in Philosophy in 1997. Now the thesis, partly revised, is being published in the form of a book with the co-operation of and the kind assistance rendered by my supervisor Professor Amarnath Bhattacharya.

Though all the systems of Indian Philosophy take interest in dealing with the problem of reality, the teachers of Advaita Vedanta spend considerable energy in expounding the metaphysical concepts of falsity and reality without the knowledge of which Advaita metaphysics cannot be understood. A student of Advaita Vedanta may be perplexed by the question whether the false objects are destitute of reality. A study of the compatibility of the concept of falsity with that of reality in Advaita scheme was a desideratum, and in the present work an attempt has been made to remove this long-felt want.

The present work, which is divided into six chapters, represents the views of the Upanisadic seers and the teachers of Advaita Vedanta in regard to the treatment of falsity and reality. The concept of falsity as projected by the Vedantins affiliated to the Sankara School constitutes the subject-matter of the first chapter of this work. The first section of this chapter expounds the definition of falsity (mithyatva) as framed by Padmapada, the author of the Pancapadika. Padmapada interprets mithyatva as anirvacyatva, and says that the associations of accretions which the individual souls are endowed with, are neither real, nor unreal, nor real and unreal both. It also discusses the positions of Vacaspati Misra and Vimuktatman who nicely deliberate Padmapada's stand. This section also shows how Madhusudana, while interpreting the definition of mithyatva given by Padmapada, asserts that the distinction that the false is distinct from real and unreal is Absolute.

In the second section of the first chapter, the view of Prakas atma yati comes up for discussion. Prakas atman frames two definitions of mithyatve. According to the first definition, the false is what is eternally negated in the very locus in which it is cognized. False, according to the second definition, is that which is negated by the direct cognition of its substratum. It also deals with how Madhusudana explains this definition of mitbyitva and supports Prakas atman's view by saying the corrective judgement directly establishes the difference between the apparent silver and empirical silver.

The third section of the first chapter deals with the view of Anandabodha who defines the false as what is different from sat, and the difference lies in the fact that while sat is not capable of being cancelled, the false is capable of being removed. The fourth section of this chapter presents Citsukha's view of falsity. Falsity of something positive, Citsukha holds, is the character of being the pratiyogin of absolute negation in what appears to be its own substratum. It also discusses how Madhusudana reformulates this definition in order to make a clear distinction between the concept of Citsukha and that of Prakas atman.

The second chapter in two sections introduces the status of the world from Advaita point of view. In the first section of this chapter, the writer endeavours to ascertain the status of the world by an analogy of dream objects. It also puts on record why Sankara recognizes the false objects to berelatively real. The second section of this chapter analyses the independent reasoning put forward by the exponents of Advaita Vedanta in proving the falsity of the world. The world is false, since it is perceptual, inert, limited in space, time and content, as also its experience is destitute of objects.

The third chapter goes deep into the Advaita thesis that the falsity of the world is itself false. Madhusudana firmly states that since empirical reality and empirical falsity are equally drsya and since drsyatva is here the character that determines the negatum as negatum, the negation of the falsity of the world does not lead to the reality of the world.

The fourth chapter in four sections throws light on the Advaita view of reality. The first section of this chapter presents bird's-eye views of reality as projected by the Buddhists, the Mimamsakas, the Advaitins and others. The author shows that like the idealist Buddhist, the Advaita Vedantins acknowledge the grades of reality. In the subsequent sections of this chapter, the author gives a full account of the Advaita concept of empirical reality. The second section of this chapter explains the phenomena of the world in the light of the theory of reflection. The original or bimba appears by way of reflection as separate and distinct from itself. It also throws light on the difference that lies between the view of Prakasatman and that Sarvajnat man. In the third section of this chapter, the position of the Abhasavadin comes up for discussion. It shows that abhasa is a seeming outer manifestation which can be held to be neither identical with nor different from nor both from reality. The fourth section of this chapter discusses the stand of the Avacchedavadin and shows that one unlimited Reality appears to be diverse limited objects on account of various accidental adjuncts.

The fifth chapter of the book in its three sections presents the nature of Ultimate Reality. By an analysis of both the objective and subjective ways of approach to truth the first section explains the nature of Reality to be Existence. By an analysis of the external and internal world, the second section of this chapter expounds the nature of Reality to be Consciousness that manifests all things both within and without. The third section dives deep into the Bliss-nature of Brahman. Reality is Bliss, because of its infinitude. There is no happiness in finite. From Bliss all things come into being, in Bliss they live, and unto Bliss they return.

All this leads the author to arrive at the conclusion that the false is as much real as its locus , and the metaphysical concepts of falsity and reality are not mutually opposed, rather consistent with the entire Advaita metaphysics.

The author does not make a claim to profundity : she humbly submits that she has made a modest attempt to present some of the rich thoughts of master-minds in the area of Vedanta Philosophy by analysing abstruse original texts through the medium of English.

At the hour of publication of the work the author takes this opportunity of extending her sense of profound gratitude to her Supervisor, Dr Amarnath Bhattacharya, fromer Professor of Philosophy, Burdwan University because without his kind support and proper guidance the research project would not have seen the light of the day. She thankfully acknowledges her gratitude to all her teachers of the Department of Philosophy of Burdwan University for kindly awarding a Research Fellowship to her with a view to carrying out her researches. Words fail to express her indebtedness to her parents Sri Aswini Kumar Bhattacharyya and Smt.

Saratkumari Bhattacharyya without whose blessings she could not complete the project. She is grateful to her elder brothers Sri Sanat Kumar Bhattacharyya, Sri Sunil Kumar Bhattacharyya and Sri Samaresh Kumar Bhattacharyya for their enthusiastic and affectionate encouragement in preparation of her thesis. Successful completion of any work depends to a great extent on the congenial atmosphere at home. For her a really pleasing atmosphere was created by her sisters-in-law Smt Krishna Bhattacharyya, Smt Kripamayi Bhattacharyya and niece-in-law Smt Surabhi Bhattacharyya. Her thanks are also due to Smt Chandrima Sanyal who always encouraged her to publish the research project. She remembers the services rendered by Dr. Kalo Sona Roy, Dr. Asif Iqbal and her nephews, Sri Sayan Bhattacharyya and Sri Sukanta Bhattacharyya to coordinate between her desk and typist's gallery. She will be failing in duty if she does not mention the name of late Bhabani Ghatak of the University of Burdwan for the efforts made by him in making the typescript of her Ph.D. thesis ready for submission. Abdulla Midda has taken great pains in typewriting the present revised monograph ready for press. Her sincere thanks are also due to him.

Last but not the least the author makes a mention of the untiring efforts made by Sri D. L. S. Jayawardana, the Proprietor of Maha Bodhi Book Agency to publish the book within a short time. She is indebted to him.

The author invokes finally the blessings of Sri Sri Ramakrishna and releases the book to the land of the academic community for consideration.

 

Contents

 

  Preface i-v
  Chapter-I  
  Advaita Concept of Falsity 1-22
Section-I: Padmapada on Falsity 1
Section-II: Prakasatmayati's Concept of Falsity 9
Section-III: The Position of Anandabodha 17
Section-IV: Citsukha on Falsity 19
  Chapter-II  
  Falsity of the World 23-37
Section-I : Upanisads on the Status of the World 23
Section-II: Advaita Vedanta on the Status of the World 28
  Chapter-III  
  Methaphysical Status of Falsity 38-43
  Chapter-IV  
  Advaita View of Empirical Reality 45-67
Section-I: Diverse Concepts of Reality-A Bird's Eye View 45
Section-II: Vivarana School on Phenomenal Reality 52
Section-III: The Position of Suresvara 58
Section-IV: Bhamati School on Empirical Reality 64
  Chapter-V  
  Advaita View of Ultimate Reality 68-84
Section-I: Reality as Existence 68
Section-II: Reality as Consciousness 73
Section-III: Reality as Bliss 79
  Chapter-VI  
  Retrospect and Prospect 85-93
  References 94
  Abbreviations 113
  Bibliography 115
  Index 119

 

Sample Pages








Falsity and Reality (An Advaita Approach)

Item Code:
NAM699
Cover:
Hardcover
Edition:
2015
ISBN:
9789384721299
Language:
English
Size:
8.5 inch x 5.5 inch
Pages:
128
Other Details:
Weight of the Book: 300 gms
Price:
$30.00
Discounted:
$24.00   Shipping Free
You Save:
$6.00 (20%)
Look Inside the Book
Add to Wishlist
Send as e-card
Send as free online greeting card
Falsity and Reality (An Advaita Approach)

Verify the characters on the left

From:
Edit     
You will be informed as and when your card is viewed. Please note that your card will be active in the system for 30 days.

Viewed 1091 times since 12th Aug, 2016
About the Book

The monograph presents the metaphysical status of falsity and reality in the field of Advaita Vidanta Philosophy. It goes deep into the concept of falsity (mithyaatva) as enunciated by Sankara, Padmapada, Prakasataman, Anandabodha, and Citsukha. It does with falsity of the world and the falsity of falsity particulary from Madhusadana’s point of view.

It spends considerable energy in analyzing the empirical reality and ultimate reality. The author has tried to project the Advaita position that falsity and reality are not mutually opposed: the false is as much real and its locus.

 

About the Author

Born on Ist January, 1966 in a Brahmin family at Hossainpur, in the district of Burdwan, West Bengal and having a brilliant academic record, Dr. Mridula Bhattacharyya is presently attached to the University of Burdwan in the capacity of Associate Professor in Philosophy. She has expertise in the fields of Vedanta, Mimamsa and Nyaya. She has producted a number of Ph. D degrees in the different areas of Indian Philosophy. She has a number of published research papers to her credit. She has co-authored a book entitled Gaudapader Darshan published by West Bengal State Book Board.

 

Preface

The present monograph records the results of laborious research carried out in the field of Advaita Vedanta Philosophy so far as its approach to the problem of falsity and reality is concerned. The research work was approved by The University of Burdwan for award of Ph.D. degree in Philosophy in 1997. Now the thesis, partly revised, is being published in the form of a book with the co-operation of and the kind assistance rendered by my supervisor Professor Amarnath Bhattacharya.

Though all the systems of Indian Philosophy take interest in dealing with the problem of reality, the teachers of Advaita Vedanta spend considerable energy in expounding the metaphysical concepts of falsity and reality without the knowledge of which Advaita metaphysics cannot be understood. A student of Advaita Vedanta may be perplexed by the question whether the false objects are destitute of reality. A study of the compatibility of the concept of falsity with that of reality in Advaita scheme was a desideratum, and in the present work an attempt has been made to remove this long-felt want.

The present work, which is divided into six chapters, represents the views of the Upanisadic seers and the teachers of Advaita Vedanta in regard to the treatment of falsity and reality. The concept of falsity as projected by the Vedantins affiliated to the Sankara School constitutes the subject-matter of the first chapter of this work. The first section of this chapter expounds the definition of falsity (mithyatva) as framed by Padmapada, the author of the Pancapadika. Padmapada interprets mithyatva as anirvacyatva, and says that the associations of accretions which the individual souls are endowed with, are neither real, nor unreal, nor real and unreal both. It also discusses the positions of Vacaspati Misra and Vimuktatman who nicely deliberate Padmapada's stand. This section also shows how Madhusudana, while interpreting the definition of mithyatva given by Padmapada, asserts that the distinction that the false is distinct from real and unreal is Absolute.

In the second section of the first chapter, the view of Prakas atma yati comes up for discussion. Prakas atman frames two definitions of mithyatve. According to the first definition, the false is what is eternally negated in the very locus in which it is cognized. False, according to the second definition, is that which is negated by the direct cognition of its substratum. It also deals with how Madhusudana explains this definition of mitbyitva and supports Prakas atman's view by saying the corrective judgement directly establishes the difference between the apparent silver and empirical silver.

The third section of the first chapter deals with the view of Anandabodha who defines the false as what is different from sat, and the difference lies in the fact that while sat is not capable of being cancelled, the false is capable of being removed. The fourth section of this chapter presents Citsukha's view of falsity. Falsity of something positive, Citsukha holds, is the character of being the pratiyogin of absolute negation in what appears to be its own substratum. It also discusses how Madhusudana reformulates this definition in order to make a clear distinction between the concept of Citsukha and that of Prakas atman.

The second chapter in two sections introduces the status of the world from Advaita point of view. In the first section of this chapter, the writer endeavours to ascertain the status of the world by an analogy of dream objects. It also puts on record why Sankara recognizes the false objects to berelatively real. The second section of this chapter analyses the independent reasoning put forward by the exponents of Advaita Vedanta in proving the falsity of the world. The world is false, since it is perceptual, inert, limited in space, time and content, as also its experience is destitute of objects.

The third chapter goes deep into the Advaita thesis that the falsity of the world is itself false. Madhusudana firmly states that since empirical reality and empirical falsity are equally drsya and since drsyatva is here the character that determines the negatum as negatum, the negation of the falsity of the world does not lead to the reality of the world.

The fourth chapter in four sections throws light on the Advaita view of reality. The first section of this chapter presents bird's-eye views of reality as projected by the Buddhists, the Mimamsakas, the Advaitins and others. The author shows that like the idealist Buddhist, the Advaita Vedantins acknowledge the grades of reality. In the subsequent sections of this chapter, the author gives a full account of the Advaita concept of empirical reality. The second section of this chapter explains the phenomena of the world in the light of the theory of reflection. The original or bimba appears by way of reflection as separate and distinct from itself. It also throws light on the difference that lies between the view of Prakasatman and that Sarvajnat man. In the third section of this chapter, the position of the Abhasavadin comes up for discussion. It shows that abhasa is a seeming outer manifestation which can be held to be neither identical with nor different from nor both from reality. The fourth section of this chapter discusses the stand of the Avacchedavadin and shows that one unlimited Reality appears to be diverse limited objects on account of various accidental adjuncts.

The fifth chapter of the book in its three sections presents the nature of Ultimate Reality. By an analysis of both the objective and subjective ways of approach to truth the first section explains the nature of Reality to be Existence. By an analysis of the external and internal world, the second section of this chapter expounds the nature of Reality to be Consciousness that manifests all things both within and without. The third section dives deep into the Bliss-nature of Brahman. Reality is Bliss, because of its infinitude. There is no happiness in finite. From Bliss all things come into being, in Bliss they live, and unto Bliss they return.

All this leads the author to arrive at the conclusion that the false is as much real as its locus , and the metaphysical concepts of falsity and reality are not mutually opposed, rather consistent with the entire Advaita metaphysics.

The author does not make a claim to profundity : she humbly submits that she has made a modest attempt to present some of the rich thoughts of master-minds in the area of Vedanta Philosophy by analysing abstruse original texts through the medium of English.

At the hour of publication of the work the author takes this opportunity of extending her sense of profound gratitude to her Supervisor, Dr Amarnath Bhattacharya, fromer Professor of Philosophy, Burdwan University because without his kind support and proper guidance the research project would not have seen the light of the day. She thankfully acknowledges her gratitude to all her teachers of the Department of Philosophy of Burdwan University for kindly awarding a Research Fellowship to her with a view to carrying out her researches. Words fail to express her indebtedness to her parents Sri Aswini Kumar Bhattacharyya and Smt.

Saratkumari Bhattacharyya without whose blessings she could not complete the project. She is grateful to her elder brothers Sri Sanat Kumar Bhattacharyya, Sri Sunil Kumar Bhattacharyya and Sri Samaresh Kumar Bhattacharyya for their enthusiastic and affectionate encouragement in preparation of her thesis. Successful completion of any work depends to a great extent on the congenial atmosphere at home. For her a really pleasing atmosphere was created by her sisters-in-law Smt Krishna Bhattacharyya, Smt Kripamayi Bhattacharyya and niece-in-law Smt Surabhi Bhattacharyya. Her thanks are also due to Smt Chandrima Sanyal who always encouraged her to publish the research project. She remembers the services rendered by Dr. Kalo Sona Roy, Dr. Asif Iqbal and her nephews, Sri Sayan Bhattacharyya and Sri Sukanta Bhattacharyya to coordinate between her desk and typist's gallery. She will be failing in duty if she does not mention the name of late Bhabani Ghatak of the University of Burdwan for the efforts made by him in making the typescript of her Ph.D. thesis ready for submission. Abdulla Midda has taken great pains in typewriting the present revised monograph ready for press. Her sincere thanks are also due to him.

Last but not the least the author makes a mention of the untiring efforts made by Sri D. L. S. Jayawardana, the Proprietor of Maha Bodhi Book Agency to publish the book within a short time. She is indebted to him.

The author invokes finally the blessings of Sri Sri Ramakrishna and releases the book to the land of the academic community for consideration.

 

Contents

 

  Preface i-v
  Chapter-I  
  Advaita Concept of Falsity 1-22
Section-I: Padmapada on Falsity 1
Section-II: Prakasatmayati's Concept of Falsity 9
Section-III: The Position of Anandabodha 17
Section-IV: Citsukha on Falsity 19
  Chapter-II  
  Falsity of the World 23-37
Section-I : Upanisads on the Status of the World 23
Section-II: Advaita Vedanta on the Status of the World 28
  Chapter-III  
  Methaphysical Status of Falsity 38-43
  Chapter-IV  
  Advaita View of Empirical Reality 45-67
Section-I: Diverse Concepts of Reality-A Bird's Eye View 45
Section-II: Vivarana School on Phenomenal Reality 52
Section-III: The Position of Suresvara 58
Section-IV: Bhamati School on Empirical Reality 64
  Chapter-V  
  Advaita View of Ultimate Reality 68-84
Section-I: Reality as Existence 68
Section-II: Reality as Consciousness 73
Section-III: Reality as Bliss 79
  Chapter-VI  
  Retrospect and Prospect 85-93
  References 94
  Abbreviations 113
  Bibliography 115
  Index 119

 

Sample Pages








Post a Comment
 
Post Review
Post a Query
For privacy concerns, please view our Privacy Policy

Related Items

Studies in Advaita Vedanta: Towards an Advaita Theory of Consciousness
by Sukharanjan Saha
Hardcover (Edition: 2004)
Jadavpur University
Item Code: IDE910
$30.00$24.00
You save: $6.00 (20%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Vedanta Prabodha - The Most Exhaustive Book Ever Written on Shankaracharya's Advaita Vedanta
Item Code: NAG842
$25.00$20.00
You save: $5.00 (20%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
The Advaita Vedanta of Brahma- Siddhi (An Old and Rare Book)
Item Code: IDD427
$27.00$21.60
You save: $5.40 (20%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Methods of Knowledge: According to Advaita Vedanta
by Swami Satprakashananda
Hardcover (Edition: 2013)
Advaita Ashrama
Item Code: IDG638
$16.50$13.20
You save: $3.30 (20%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
The Rope And The Snake: A Metaphorical Exploration of Advaita 

Vedanta
Item Code: IDF767
$25.00$20.00
You save: $5.00 (20%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
The Jungian Myth and Advaita Vedanta
Item Code: IHL552
$30.00$24.00
You save: $6.00 (20%)
SOLD
A Dictionary of Advaita Vedanta
Item Code: IDD934
$16.00$12.80
You save: $3.20 (20%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
The Fundamentals of Advaita Vedanta
by K. Narain
Hardcover (Edition: 2003)
Indological Research Centre
Item Code: IDE487
$31.50$25.20
You save: $6.30 (20%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Advaita Vedanta - An Introduction
Item Code: IDD994
$20.00$16.00
You save: $4.00 (20%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Wittgensteinian Philosophy and Advaita Vedanta (A Survey of the Parallels)
Item Code: IDK534
$33.50$26.80
You save: $6.70 (20%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Teaching Tradition of Advaita Vedanta
Item Code: IHL688
$8.50$6.80
You save: $1.70 (20%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Living Traditions of Advaita Vedanta
Deal 30% Off
by Dr. Dharmananda Swamikal
Hardcover (Edition: 2012)
The Heritage
Item Code: NAE183
$60.00$33.60
You save: $26.40 (30 + 20%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
The Doctrine of Maya in Advaita Vedanta
by D.R. Satapathy
Hardcover (Edition: 1992)
Punthi Pustak
Item Code: NAG106
$30.00$24.00
You save: $6.00 (20%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Advaita Vedanta: History of Science, Philosophy and Culture in Indian Civilization
Item Code: NAD329
$75.00$60.00
You save: $15.00 (20%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now

Testimonials

Very grateful for this service, of making this precious treasure of Haveli Sangeet for ThakurJi so easily in the US. Appreciate the fact that notation is provided.
Leena, USA.
The Bhairava painting I ordered by Sri Kailash Raj is excellent. I have been purchasing from Exotic India for well over a decade and am always beyond delighted with my extraordinary purchases and customer service. Thank you.
Marc, UK
I have been buying from Exotic India for years and am always pleased and excited to receive my packages. Thanks for the quality products.
Delia, USA
As ever, brilliant price and service.
Howard, UK.
The best and fastest service worldwide - I am in Australia and I put in a big order of books (14 items) on a Wednesday; it was sent on Friday and arrived at my doorstep early on Monday morning - amazing! All very securely packed in a very strong cardboard box. I have bought several times from Exotic India and the service is always exceptionally good. THANK YOU and NAMASTE!
Charles (Rudra)
I just wanted to say that this is I think my 3rd (big) order from you, and the last two times I received immaculate service, the books arrived well and it has been a very pleasant experience. Just wanted to say thanks for your efficient service.
Shantala, Belgium
Thank you so much EXOTIC INDIA for the wonderfull packaging!! I received my order today and it was gift wrapped with so much love and taste in a beautiful golden gift wrap and everything was neat and beautifully packed. Also my order came very fast... i am impressed! Besides selling fantastic items, you provide an exceptional customer service and i will surely purchase again from you! I am very glad and happy :) Thank you, Salma
Salma, Canada.
Artwork received today. Very pleased both with the product quality and speed of delivery. Many thanks for your help.
Carl, UK.
I wanted to let you know how happy we are with our framed pieces of Shree Durga and Shree Kali. Thank you and thank your framers for us. By the way, this month we offered a Puja and Yagna to the Ardhanarishwara murti we purchased from you last November. The Brahmin priest, Shree Vivek Godbol, who was visiting LA preformed the rites. He really loved our murti and thought it very paka. I am so happy to have found your site , it is very paka and trustworthy. Plus such great packing and quick shipping. Thanks for your service Vipin, it is a pleasure.
Gina, USA
My marble statue of Durga arrived today in perfect condition, it's such a beautiful statue. Thanks again for giving me a discount on it, I'm always very pleased with the items I order from you. You always have the best quality items.
Charles, Tennessee
TRUSTe
Language:
Currency:
All rights reserved. Copyright 2017 © Exotic India