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The Fundamentals of Advaita Vedanta
The Fundamentals of Advaita Vedanta
Description
From the Jacket:

This book is a reliable compendium covering the whole gamut of philosophical problems and metaphysical issues concerning the system of Sri Samkaracarya's Advaita Vedanta. Besides referring to the philosophical conceptions and arguments as available in Samkara's works, it also attempts the exposition of the arguments and ideas of the eminent Post Samkarite philosophers to give a logically satisfactory exposition to Samkara's system of Advaita Vedanta. This work is through exposition, based on original Samkrta sources, of the fundamentals of Advaita Vedanta, as a whole, distributing the book in Chapters related to different philosophical topics. The author also refers to some of the modern criticism against Advaita Vedanta by the protagonists of Dvaita Vedanta and Buddhism.

About the Author:

K. Narain, born and brought up at Faizabad in Uttar Pradesh, obtained degree of Doctor of Philosophy from Allahabad University in 1959. he has contributed several articles in national and international journals of Philosophy and Indology. His An Outline of Madhva Philosophy, A Critique of Madhva Refutation of the Samkara School of Vedanta, Madhva Darsan (Hindi) and The Philosophy of the Vallabha School of Vedanta are also pioneering works.

CONTENTS

I.INTRODUCTION1
1Samkara School and its Literature4
2Resume of Advaita Vedanta Philosophy

9
II.CRITERION OF TRUTH

13
III.NATURE AND ORDERS OF REALITY20
1Nature of Reality20
1.1Buddhist Anti-Substantialism22
1.2The Substantialist Reaction24
1.3Samkara's Refutation of Buddhism26
1.4Samkara's Refutation of Jaina Relativism34
1.5Re-assertion of Absolutism37
2Orders of Reality

38
IV.THE NATURE OF FALSEHOOD46
1First Definition47
2Second Definition52
3Third Definition57
4Fourth Definition60
5Fifth Definition

61
V.EPISTEMOLOGY65
1The Idea of Knowledge65
1.1The Doctrine of Self65
1.2Nature of Knowledge68
1.2.1Nature of Consciousness68
1.2.2Knowledge-object-relation82
1.2.3Knowledge-self-relation85
1.3The Nature of Ego88
1.4Self-luminosity of Atman and Knowledge90
2States and Forms of Knowledge94
2.1States of Consciousness95
2.1.1The Waking State95
2.1.2The Dream State96
2.1.3The Deep-sleep-state98
2.2Forms of Knowledge101
2.3Transcendental Formless Consciousness102
2.4Other Supra-rational Forms of Knowledge103
3Means of Knowledge104
3.1Meaning and Statues of Pramana104
3.2Number of Pramanas in Advaita Vedanta106
3.3Theory of Emergence of Antahkarana in Perception107
3.4Perception (Pratyaksa)111
3.4.1Internal Perception112
3.4.2External Perception113
3.4.3Indeterminate and Determinate Perception115
3.5Inference (Anumana)118
3.5.1Definition of Inference118
3.5.2The Meaning and Origin of Vyapti119
3.5.3Types of Inference120
3.5.4The Advaita Syllogism121
3.6Comparison (Upamana)123
3.7Presumption (Arthapatti)124
3.7.1Types of Arthapatti126
3.8Non-apprehension (Anupalabdhi)127
3.8.1Testimony (Sabda)129
3.8.1.1Nature of Aptatva130
3.8.1.1.1Pauruseya130
3.8.1.1.2Apauruseya131
3.8.1.1.3Validity of Smrti133
3.8.1.2Vedanta Semantics134
3.8.1.2.1Conditions of Valid Knowledge135
3.8.1.2.2Primary and Implied Meaning137
4Relation between Experience, Reason and Authority140
4.1Experience Vis-à-vis Reasoning and Authority140
4.2Reasoning Vis-à-vis Scriptural Testimony142
5Validity of Knowledge145
5.1Paratah-pramanya Theory of Nyaya145
5.2Advaita Vedanta Conception of Self-validity147
6False Knowledge (Avidya)149
6.1Introductory149
6.2The Doctrine of Illusion150
6.2.1Mimamsa Theories of Prabhakara and Kumarila151
6.2.2Nyaya Anyathakhyativada154
6.2.3Sadasadkhyati of Samkhya156
6.2.4Sat-khyati of Ramanuja156
6.2.5Asatkhyati of Madhyamika Buddhists157
6.2.6Atmakhyati of Yogacara Buddhism158
6.2.7Anirvacaniya-khyati of Advaita Vedanta159
6.3The Process of Illusion161
6.4Avidya, the material-cause of Adhyasa163
6.4.1Nature of Avidya164
6.4.2Definition of Avidya164
6.4.3Logical Proofs of Nescience

167
VI.REFUTATION OF DIFFERENCE170
1Nature and Meaning of Difference170
2Advaita Refutation of Difference and Formulation of Identity172
2.1Criticism of Svarupavada172
2.2Criticism of Attributive Theory175
2.3Refutation of Bhedabheda

179
VII.THEORY OF CAUSALITY182
1Gaudapada's Doctrine of Non-origination182
2Parinamavada and Vivarttavada190
3Brahman as the world-cause

195
VIII.THE CONCEPTION OF MAYA

203
IX.THE CONCEPT OF GOD (ISVARA)

212
X.PHILOSOPHY OF INDIVIDUAL SOUL223
1Nature of Individual Soul (Jivatman)223
1.1The Limitation Theory224
1.2The Reflaction Theory226
1.2.1The Vivarana View228
1.2.2The Samksepasariraka View229
1.2.3The Prakatartha View231
1.2.4Vidyaranya's Exposition231
1.3The Condition Theory232
2Numbers of Souls233
2.1Doctrine of One-Soul (Ekajivavada)233
2.2Doctrine of Plurality of Souls (Anekajivavada)234
3Dimensions of Soul239
4Denial of Agency of Atman243
5Relation between Jiva and Brahman

243
XI.PHILOSOPHY OF WORLD246
1Nature of World246
2Inference proving Falsity of World250
2.1Perceptibility as Reason250
2.2Jadatva as Reason253
2.3Finitude as Reason253
2.4Amsatva as Reason254
3The Doctrine of Creation255
3.1The Process of Creation256
3.2Pancikarana Process257
3.3Creation of Subtle Bodies258
3.4The Process of Dissolution

259
XII.THE SUMMUM BONUM AND THE MEANS260
1Introductory260
2The Nature of Moksa261
3Pathways to Attainment of Liberation267
3.1Path of the Realization of Nirguna-Brahman268
3.2Path of Realization through meditation on Qualified Brahman272
4Doctrine of Jivanmukti273
5Knowledge as means to Liberation278
6Utility of Karma as means to Knowledge280
7Bhakti as means to Knowledge282
8Eschatology

284
XIII.CONCLUDING REMARKS

286
BIBLIOGRAPHY

291
INDEX299

Item Code:
IDE487
Cover:
Hardcover
Edition:
2003
Publisher:
Indological Research Centre
ISBN:
8188260002
Language:
English
Size:
8.8" X 5.8"
Pages:
320
Price:
$31.50   Shipping Free
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From the Jacket:

This book is a reliable compendium covering the whole gamut of philosophical problems and metaphysical issues concerning the system of Sri Samkaracarya's Advaita Vedanta. Besides referring to the philosophical conceptions and arguments as available in Samkara's works, it also attempts the exposition of the arguments and ideas of the eminent Post Samkarite philosophers to give a logically satisfactory exposition to Samkara's system of Advaita Vedanta. This work is through exposition, based on original Samkrta sources, of the fundamentals of Advaita Vedanta, as a whole, distributing the book in Chapters related to different philosophical topics. The author also refers to some of the modern criticism against Advaita Vedanta by the protagonists of Dvaita Vedanta and Buddhism.

About the Author:

K. Narain, born and brought up at Faizabad in Uttar Pradesh, obtained degree of Doctor of Philosophy from Allahabad University in 1959. he has contributed several articles in national and international journals of Philosophy and Indology. His An Outline of Madhva Philosophy, A Critique of Madhva Refutation of the Samkara School of Vedanta, Madhva Darsan (Hindi) and The Philosophy of the Vallabha School of Vedanta are also pioneering works.

CONTENTS

I.INTRODUCTION1
1Samkara School and its Literature4
2Resume of Advaita Vedanta Philosophy

9
II.CRITERION OF TRUTH

13
III.NATURE AND ORDERS OF REALITY20
1Nature of Reality20
1.1Buddhist Anti-Substantialism22
1.2The Substantialist Reaction24
1.3Samkara's Refutation of Buddhism26
1.4Samkara's Refutation of Jaina Relativism34
1.5Re-assertion of Absolutism37
2Orders of Reality

38
IV.THE NATURE OF FALSEHOOD46
1First Definition47
2Second Definition52
3Third Definition57
4Fourth Definition60
5Fifth Definition

61
V.EPISTEMOLOGY65
1The Idea of Knowledge65
1.1The Doctrine of Self65
1.2Nature of Knowledge68
1.2.1Nature of Consciousness68
1.2.2Knowledge-object-relation82
1.2.3Knowledge-self-relation85
1.3The Nature of Ego88
1.4Self-luminosity of Atman and Knowledge90
2States and Forms of Knowledge94
2.1States of Consciousness95
2.1.1The Waking State95
2.1.2The Dream State96
2.1.3The Deep-sleep-state98
2.2Forms of Knowledge101
2.3Transcendental Formless Consciousness102
2.4Other Supra-rational Forms of Knowledge103
3Means of Knowledge104
3.1Meaning and Statues of Pramana104
3.2Number of Pramanas in Advaita Vedanta106
3.3Theory of Emergence of Antahkarana in Perception107
3.4Perception (Pratyaksa)111
3.4.1Internal Perception112
3.4.2External Perception113
3.4.3Indeterminate and Determinate Perception115
3.5Inference (Anumana)118
3.5.1Definition of Inference118
3.5.2The Meaning and Origin of Vyapti119
3.5.3Types of Inference120
3.5.4The Advaita Syllogism121
3.6Comparison (Upamana)123
3.7Presumption (Arthapatti)124
3.7.1Types of Arthapatti126
3.8Non-apprehension (Anupalabdhi)127
3.8.1Testimony (Sabda)129
3.8.1.1Nature of Aptatva130
3.8.1.1.1Pauruseya130
3.8.1.1.2Apauruseya131
3.8.1.1.3Validity of Smrti133
3.8.1.2Vedanta Semantics134
3.8.1.2.1Conditions of Valid Knowledge135
3.8.1.2.2Primary and Implied Meaning137
4Relation between Experience, Reason and Authority140
4.1Experience Vis-à-vis Reasoning and Authority140
4.2Reasoning Vis-à-vis Scriptural Testimony142
5Validity of Knowledge145
5.1Paratah-pramanya Theory of Nyaya145
5.2Advaita Vedanta Conception of Self-validity147
6False Knowledge (Avidya)149
6.1Introductory149
6.2The Doctrine of Illusion150
6.2.1Mimamsa Theories of Prabhakara and Kumarila151
6.2.2Nyaya Anyathakhyativada154
6.2.3Sadasadkhyati of Samkhya156
6.2.4Sat-khyati of Ramanuja156
6.2.5Asatkhyati of Madhyamika Buddhists157
6.2.6Atmakhyati of Yogacara Buddhism158
6.2.7Anirvacaniya-khyati of Advaita Vedanta159
6.3The Process of Illusion161
6.4Avidya, the material-cause of Adhyasa163
6.4.1Nature of Avidya164
6.4.2Definition of Avidya164
6.4.3Logical Proofs of Nescience

167
VI.REFUTATION OF DIFFERENCE170
1Nature and Meaning of Difference170
2Advaita Refutation of Difference and Formulation of Identity172
2.1Criticism of Svarupavada172
2.2Criticism of Attributive Theory175
2.3Refutation of Bhedabheda

179
VII.THEORY OF CAUSALITY182
1Gaudapada's Doctrine of Non-origination182
2Parinamavada and Vivarttavada190
3Brahman as the world-cause

195
VIII.THE CONCEPTION OF MAYA

203
IX.THE CONCEPT OF GOD (ISVARA)

212
X.PHILOSOPHY OF INDIVIDUAL SOUL223
1Nature of Individual Soul (Jivatman)223
1.1The Limitation Theory224
1.2The Reflaction Theory226
1.2.1The Vivarana View228
1.2.2The Samksepasariraka View229
1.2.3The Prakatartha View231
1.2.4Vidyaranya's Exposition231
1.3The Condition Theory232
2Numbers of Souls233
2.1Doctrine of One-Soul (Ekajivavada)233
2.2Doctrine of Plurality of Souls (Anekajivavada)234
3Dimensions of Soul239
4Denial of Agency of Atman243
5Relation between Jiva and Brahman

243
XI.PHILOSOPHY OF WORLD246
1Nature of World246
2Inference proving Falsity of World250
2.1Perceptibility as Reason250
2.2Jadatva as Reason253
2.3Finitude as Reason253
2.4Amsatva as Reason254
3The Doctrine of Creation255
3.1The Process of Creation256
3.2Pancikarana Process257
3.3Creation of Subtle Bodies258
3.4The Process of Dissolution

259
XII.THE SUMMUM BONUM AND THE MEANS260
1Introductory260
2The Nature of Moksa261
3Pathways to Attainment of Liberation267
3.1Path of the Realization of Nirguna-Brahman268
3.2Path of Realization through meditation on Qualified Brahman272
4Doctrine of Jivanmukti273
5Knowledge as means to Liberation278
6Utility of Karma as means to Knowledge280
7Bhakti as means to Knowledge282
8Eschatology

284
XIII.CONCLUDING REMARKS

286
BIBLIOGRAPHY

291
INDEX299

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