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Individual In Modern Indian Thought (A quest for integrated and authentic individual)

Individual In Modern Indian Thought (A quest for integrated and authentic individual)

Specifications

Item Code: IDH401

by Dr. Kanak Dwivedi

Hardcover (Edition: 1985)

Annapurna Bhawan

Size: 8.9" X 5.5
Pages: 182
Price: $16.50   Shipping Free
Viewed times since 28th Dec, 2013

Description

Foreword

The fortunes of the individual have varied in different societies, ages and cultures depending on several factors: type of state and religious authority, metaphysical world-views, economic arrangements, etc. with which he happens to be associated as a member f society. Thus, while republican and democratic forms of Government have, in general, been Favourable to the growth of individualism and individualistic thought as in ancient Greece and modern Western Europe, monarchic and absolutistic regimes have tended to suppress individual liberty and to encourage collectivistic approach to the individual's relation to society. A similar approach to the individual's relation to society. A similar approach is countenanced by religions claiming to have infalliable revealed scriptures. Thus Christianity, particularly in its Catholic form, put obnoxious curbs on the individual's freedom to thought and speech and hampered the progress of scientific investigations. On the other hand Protestant Christianity came to attach greater importance to the individual and his conscience. In ancient India while social relations were largely controlled by the ruling princes who enforced the codes of conduct laid down by the Dharmasastras, metaphysicians and thinker propounding philosophies of liberation felt free to propogate even materialistic and atheistic worldviews. The growth of individualism in modern thought was directly correlated with the rise of science and industrialism on the one hand and democratic institutions and laissez-faire economy on the other. These developments had far-reaching repercussions on Indian socio-political thinkers and religious teachers and reformers. In modern shable until the advent of independence. The founding fathers of the Indian Republic nevertheless succeeded in giving to the country a most modern and progressive secular-to all citizens.

However, while our constitution derives largely from British and American models of Government, our leaders have also been responsive to Socialist-Marxist ideologies stressing the need of economic justice for the poorer sections of society. This ideal of a Welfare State has led to widespread planning in different spheres of the people's life, which amounts in practice to putting restraints on the individual's propensity to self-aggran disement.

As a first venture in authorship the present work has some obvious limitations. But it is rich in content and will be found useful by students and by researchers in the field of modern thought both religion-philosophic and socio-political. The work also offers a comparative review of modern European and Indian developments in the philosophy of the individual. In this connection the reader may ponder over the dilemma of all welfare states posed by the more or less irreconcilable claims of the democratic ideal of liberty of the one side and the socialistic ideal of equality on the other side. The two ideals have been declared to be antithetical by such important writers as lord Action and Will Durant.

CONTENTS
ForewordV-VI
PrefaceVII-IX
ContentsXI-XII
Introduction1-6
Chapter One-The Conceptual Prelude7-27
1Understanding the Individual
2The Individualistic Attitudes
3Philosophical Foundations
4Epistemological Implications
5Enlightened Self-interest
6Utilitarian Ethical approach
7Individual Freedom and dignity as Key-concepts of Socio-political Organisation
8Laissez-faire: The Economic Individualism
Chapter Two-The Indian Scene
The Traditional Setting
28-44
1A Life of Commitment
2Liberation from the limited and ephemeral
3The Regeneration of the Human Individual:
(a) Sadharana dharmas (b) Varnasramadharma
4A Shift in the Emphasis : religious theism
Chapter Three-The Interactions45-72
1The Dawn of Modern Consciousness
2Raja Ram Mohan Roy: The morning star of the Renaissance
3Swami Dayananda: the apostle of Revivalism
4Swami Vivekananda : The New Vedantic Gospel of Freedom and Dignity
5Tilak: Freedom through Detached Karma
Chapter Four: The Social Individual73-116
Section-A78-100
Tagore : The Aesthetic Integration of Man
Iqbal : The Romantic Cult of Ego
Gandhi : Human Individual As a Free Moral Agent
Section-B: Secularization of the
Social Individual100-116
1M. N. Roy
2J. L. Nehru
3Vinoba Bhave
The Summing Up117-160
1Recapitulations
2The Search for the Authentic Individual
I. Sri Aurobindo
II. S. Radhakrishnan
III. J. Krishnamurty
3Observations
References161-176
Bibliography177-182
Name Index183
Errata184
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