Subscribe for Newsletters and Discounts
Be the first to receive our thoughtfully written
religious articles and product discounts.
Your interests (Optional)
This will help us make recommendations and send discounts and sale information at times.
By registering, you may receive account related information, our email newsletters and product updates, no more than twice a month. Please read our Privacy Policy for details.
.
By subscribing, you will receive our email newsletters and product updates, no more than twice a month. All emails will be sent by Exotic India using the email address info@exoticindia.com.

Please read our Privacy Policy for details.
|6
Your Cart (0)
Share our website with your friends.
Email this page to a friend
Books > Philosophy > Jadavpur Journal of Philosophy: Volume 23 Number 1(English) 2013-14
Displaying 696 of 2772         Previous  |  NextSubscribe to our newsletter and discounts
Jadavpur Journal of Philosophy: Volume 23 Number 1(English) 2013-14
Jadavpur Journal of Philosophy: Volume 23 Number 1(English) 2013-14
Description
About The Book

Jadavpur Journal of Philosophy is a refereed, bi-issue journal, in English (No.1) and Bengali (No.2) published annually by the Department of Philosophy, Jadavpur University, Kolkata, India. The journal volume in Bengali is titled Darsan Biksa. The journal is devoted to the publication of original scholarly papers in any branch of philosophy. Its objective is to encourage contributions from scholars, dealing with specific philosophical problems connected with their respective fields of specialization.

Introduction

Dispositional terms like solubility, fragility, malleability and conductivity are frequently used in understanding the physical world. These dispositional terms, particularly in the discourse of science, appear to be just a manner of speaking and are mere "abstractions" to represent the behaviour of the things in certain circumstances and nothing more. However, in the way they are used, it also gives a sense that they are real things in the world. Are these dispositions actual and real properties or powers that reside in the things but do not manifest themselves? "Yes, they are" is a position taken by philosophers who are realists about dispositions. As against this the anti-realists, notably David Hume, Gilbert Ryle and Michael Dummett, contend that dispositional terms just represent or describe the behaviour of things in certain circumstances. Mellor (1974) attempts to raise the "status of dispositions" and considers them to be "real" properties. With scientific essentialism. gaining importance in recent years essentialists like Brian Ellis (2001) and Alexander Bird (2007) grant the status of properties to dispositions. Further, Molnar (2006), Heil (2005) and Martin (1994) treat dispositions as powers or capacities that a thing can possess. The realists come up with different arguments in favour of their position and attempt to establish that dispositions are real properties by refuting the anti-realist claims and accounts of dispositions. Much of the discussions and arguments in defence of such a position and refutation of anti-realist position are based on some assumptions that do not seem to be warranted. They also invoke certain interesting ideas that make the arguments look persuasive. In this paper I take up what appears to be strong arguments made in defence of the realist position by Mumford (1998), Molnar (2006) and Martin (1994).1 They make use of some interesting ideas and imagined cases that make their arguments look sound. The purpose of this paper is to critically discuss some of their arguments in the subsequent sections, particularly to get into some of the details of these underlying ideas, and attempt to bring certain issues to the fore that appear to have been glossed over in the use of these ideas. Thus, there is a need to recognize that the arguments presented by the realists in favour of the position that dispositions is real and their refutation of the anti- realist position is less than persuasive.

In the second section I begin with Mumford's discussion of dispositions as properties. Here I attempt to show how the ideas of causal relevance, explanation and functional characterization are brought together in a question begging way to show that dispositions are properties. However, such explanations invoking dispositions are generally not accepted as genuine explanations but instead are said to be virtus dormitiva explanations. If this is so, then it implies that Mumford's argument stands to lose much of its strength. Therefore, Mumford downplays the charge of virtus dormitiva explanation. I attempt to show how such a charge of virtus dormitiva type of explanation has been downplayed by Mumford. If the charge of the virtus dormitiva is one that cannot be brushed aside by downplaying it then one cannot talk of dispositions as the realists do, i.e. as actual unmanifest properties possessed by a thing that it can gain or lose in time, as any other property. As dispositions do not actually manifest themselves, it is explained or understood in terms of the conditional.

The third section discusses the unmanifest and actual nature of dispositions, examines Martin's arguments refuting the reductive analysis of dispositions in terms of strict conditionals and attempts to reveal the circularity inherent in Molnar's argument on the actuality of dispositions. Dispositions are generally understood in terms of conditionals and such conditionals are nothing but descriptions of what happens in certain circumstances. If this is so, then again, dispositions cannot be viewed as properties. Mumford, therefore, develops the idea of functional characterization by means of which he develops an interesting conceptual connection between dispositions and conditionals. The reason why he argues for such a conceptual connection is that he wants to refute the idea that dispositions are nothing more than descriptions of what happens in certain circumstances and thereby establish that dispositions have property status.

In the fourth section I present Mumford's idea of functional characterization and also allude to the similar views of Molnar. I argue that the very idea of functional characterization does not appear to be relevant in the understanding of dispositions.

Contents

1The Property Status of Dispositions: Is the Position Defensible?1
S.K. ARUN MURTHI
2Sankari Prasad Banerjee on Freedom: Some Reflection27
TIRTHANATH BANDYOPADHYAY
3Symbols and Change39
D. BALAGANAPATHI
4Genesis of the Superman49
UMA DHAR
5In the Shadow of Death: Beyond Heidegger's Subjectivity61
SANJIT CHAKRABORTY
6Are Persons Substances?: A Critique of Locke's Theory of Personal Identity73
SHEWLI DUTTA
7Kripkean Theory of Reference: A Cognitive Way89
ROSHAN PRA VEEN XALXO
8Anselm's Definition of God103
SANJIB DEB
9Early Life of Scientific Theories: A Model-based Analysis127
SREEKUMAR JAYADEVAN
10Discerning Pervasive Patterns in Indian and Western Aesthetics: With Special Reference to Anandavardhana, Abhinavagupta and Immanuel Kant141
AHINPUNYA MITRA
Book Review167
List of Contributors171

Jadavpur Journal of Philosophy: Volume 23 Number 1(English) 2013-14

Item Code:
NAH553
Cover:
Paperback
Edition:
2014
ISBN:
09756833
Language:
English
Size:
9.8 inch x 6.5 inch
Pages:
176
Other Details:
Weight of the Book: 320 gms
Price:
$21.00
Discounted:
$16.80   Shipping Free
You Save:
$4.20 (20%)
Add to Wishlist
Send as e-card
Send as free online greeting card
Jadavpur Journal of Philosophy: Volume 23 Number 1(English) 2013-14

Verify the characters on the left

From:
Edit     
You will be informed as and when your card is viewed. Please note that your card will be active in the system for 30 days.

Viewed 1554 times since 13th Jun, 2016
About The Book

Jadavpur Journal of Philosophy is a refereed, bi-issue journal, in English (No.1) and Bengali (No.2) published annually by the Department of Philosophy, Jadavpur University, Kolkata, India. The journal volume in Bengali is titled Darsan Biksa. The journal is devoted to the publication of original scholarly papers in any branch of philosophy. Its objective is to encourage contributions from scholars, dealing with specific philosophical problems connected with their respective fields of specialization.

Introduction

Dispositional terms like solubility, fragility, malleability and conductivity are frequently used in understanding the physical world. These dispositional terms, particularly in the discourse of science, appear to be just a manner of speaking and are mere "abstractions" to represent the behaviour of the things in certain circumstances and nothing more. However, in the way they are used, it also gives a sense that they are real things in the world. Are these dispositions actual and real properties or powers that reside in the things but do not manifest themselves? "Yes, they are" is a position taken by philosophers who are realists about dispositions. As against this the anti-realists, notably David Hume, Gilbert Ryle and Michael Dummett, contend that dispositional terms just represent or describe the behaviour of things in certain circumstances. Mellor (1974) attempts to raise the "status of dispositions" and considers them to be "real" properties. With scientific essentialism. gaining importance in recent years essentialists like Brian Ellis (2001) and Alexander Bird (2007) grant the status of properties to dispositions. Further, Molnar (2006), Heil (2005) and Martin (1994) treat dispositions as powers or capacities that a thing can possess. The realists come up with different arguments in favour of their position and attempt to establish that dispositions are real properties by refuting the anti-realist claims and accounts of dispositions. Much of the discussions and arguments in defence of such a position and refutation of anti-realist position are based on some assumptions that do not seem to be warranted. They also invoke certain interesting ideas that make the arguments look persuasive. In this paper I take up what appears to be strong arguments made in defence of the realist position by Mumford (1998), Molnar (2006) and Martin (1994).1 They make use of some interesting ideas and imagined cases that make their arguments look sound. The purpose of this paper is to critically discuss some of their arguments in the subsequent sections, particularly to get into some of the details of these underlying ideas, and attempt to bring certain issues to the fore that appear to have been glossed over in the use of these ideas. Thus, there is a need to recognize that the arguments presented by the realists in favour of the position that dispositions is real and their refutation of the anti- realist position is less than persuasive.

In the second section I begin with Mumford's discussion of dispositions as properties. Here I attempt to show how the ideas of causal relevance, explanation and functional characterization are brought together in a question begging way to show that dispositions are properties. However, such explanations invoking dispositions are generally not accepted as genuine explanations but instead are said to be virtus dormitiva explanations. If this is so, then it implies that Mumford's argument stands to lose much of its strength. Therefore, Mumford downplays the charge of virtus dormitiva explanation. I attempt to show how such a charge of virtus dormitiva type of explanation has been downplayed by Mumford. If the charge of the virtus dormitiva is one that cannot be brushed aside by downplaying it then one cannot talk of dispositions as the realists do, i.e. as actual unmanifest properties possessed by a thing that it can gain or lose in time, as any other property. As dispositions do not actually manifest themselves, it is explained or understood in terms of the conditional.

The third section discusses the unmanifest and actual nature of dispositions, examines Martin's arguments refuting the reductive analysis of dispositions in terms of strict conditionals and attempts to reveal the circularity inherent in Molnar's argument on the actuality of dispositions. Dispositions are generally understood in terms of conditionals and such conditionals are nothing but descriptions of what happens in certain circumstances. If this is so, then again, dispositions cannot be viewed as properties. Mumford, therefore, develops the idea of functional characterization by means of which he develops an interesting conceptual connection between dispositions and conditionals. The reason why he argues for such a conceptual connection is that he wants to refute the idea that dispositions are nothing more than descriptions of what happens in certain circumstances and thereby establish that dispositions have property status.

In the fourth section I present Mumford's idea of functional characterization and also allude to the similar views of Molnar. I argue that the very idea of functional characterization does not appear to be relevant in the understanding of dispositions.

Contents

1The Property Status of Dispositions: Is the Position Defensible?1
S.K. ARUN MURTHI
2Sankari Prasad Banerjee on Freedom: Some Reflection27
TIRTHANATH BANDYOPADHYAY
3Symbols and Change39
D. BALAGANAPATHI
4Genesis of the Superman49
UMA DHAR
5In the Shadow of Death: Beyond Heidegger's Subjectivity61
SANJIT CHAKRABORTY
6Are Persons Substances?: A Critique of Locke's Theory of Personal Identity73
SHEWLI DUTTA
7Kripkean Theory of Reference: A Cognitive Way89
ROSHAN PRA VEEN XALXO
8Anselm's Definition of God103
SANJIB DEB
9Early Life of Scientific Theories: A Model-based Analysis127
SREEKUMAR JAYADEVAN
10Discerning Pervasive Patterns in Indian and Western Aesthetics: With Special Reference to Anandavardhana, Abhinavagupta and Immanuel Kant141
AHINPUNYA MITRA
Book Review167
List of Contributors171
Post a Comment
 
Post Review
Post a Query
For privacy concerns, please view our Privacy Policy

Related Items

Jadavpur Journal of Philosophy: Volume 25 Number 1(English) 2015-16
Item Code: NAM949
$25.00$20.00
You save: $5.00 (20%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Jadavpur Journal of Philosophy
Item Code: NAK756
$22.00$17.60
You save: $4.40 (20%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Krishnamurti's Journal
by J. Krishnamurti
Paperback (Edition: 2003)
Krishnamurti Foundation India.
Item Code: IDD601
$16.50$13.20
You save: $3.30 (20%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
THE PHILOSOPHY OF LIFE: Facets of Recent Indian Philosophy
Item Code: IDH021
$35.00$28.00
You save: $7.00 (20%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Problems of Indian Philosophy (FACETS OF RECENT INDIAN 

PHILOSOPHY)
Item Code: IDH010
$30.00$24.00
You save: $6.00 (20%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Interpreting Across Boundaries: New Essays in Comparative Philosophy
Item Code: IDE381
$19.50$15.60
You save: $3.90 (20%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Perspectives on Indian History, Historiography and Philosophy of History
by G. P. Singh
Hardcover (Edition: 2009)
D. K. Printworld Pvt. Ltd.
Item Code: NAD219
$30.00$24.00
You save: $6.00 (20%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Language Being and Cognition (Philosophy of Language and Analysis : Contemporary Perspective)
by Devendra Nath Tiwari
Hardcover (Edition: 2014)
Madhav Vidya Bhavan
Item Code: NAL141
$70.00$56.00
You save: $14.00 (20%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Development of Nyaya Philosophy and Its Social Context
Item Code: NAD326
$95.00$76.00
You save: $19.00 (20%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Analysis and Philosophy (An Old and Rare Book)
Item Code: NAM014
$20.00$16.00
You save: $4.00 (20%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Discussion and Debate in Indian Philosophy - Issues in Vedanta, Mimamsa and Nyaya
Item Code: IDE095
$40.00$32.00
You save: $8.00 (20%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Who's Who of Teachers and Scholars in Philosophy in India
Item Code: IDH577
$5.50$4.40
You save: $1.10 (20%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now

Testimonials

To my astonishment and joy, your book arrived (quicker than the speed of light) today with no further adoo concerning customs. I am very pleased and grateful.
Christine, the Netherlands
You have excellent books!!
Jorge, USA.
You have a very interesting collection of books. Great job! And the ordering is easy and the books are not expensive. Great!
Ketil, Norway
I just wanted to thank you for being so helpful and wonderful to work with. My artwork arrived exquisitely framed, and I am anxious to get it up on the walls of my house. I am truly grateful to have discovered your website. All of the items I’ve received have been truly lovely.
Katherine, USA
I have received yesterday a parcel with the ordered books. Thanks for the fast delivery through DHL! I will surely order for other books in the future.
Ravindra, the Netherlands
My order has been delivered today. Thanks for your excellent customer services. I really appreciate that. I hope to see you again. Good luck.
Ankush, Australia
I just love shopping with Exotic India.
Delia, USA.
Fantastic products, fantastic service, something for every budget.
LB, United Kingdom
I love this web site and love coming to see what you have online.
Glenn, Australia
Received package today, thank you! Love how everything was packed, I especially enjoyed the fabric covering! Thank you for all you do!
Frances, Austin, Texas
TRUSTe
Language:
Currency:
All rights reserved. Copyright 2017 © Exotic India