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Books > Hindu > Krsna’s Planet (Sri Garga-Samhita) and Purport: First Canto (Part One Chapters 1-6) (Sanskrit Text, Transliteration, Word-to-word Meaning, English Translation)
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Krsna’s Planet (Sri Garga-Samhita)  and Purport: First Canto (Part One Chapters 1-6) (Sanskrit Text, Transliteration, Word-to-word Meaning, English Translation)
Krsna’s Planet (Sri Garga-Samhita) and Purport: First Canto (Part One Chapters 1-6) (Sanskrit Text, Transliteration, Word-to-word Meaning, English Translation)
Description
Preface
As we begin writing a commentary on Sri Garga-samhita, we humbly bow to the lotus feet of our beloved spiritual master, Om Visnupada Paramahamsa Parivrajakacarya 108 Sri Srimad His Divine Grace A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, the Founder-Acarya of the International Soceity for Krishna Consciousness.

nama om visnu-padaya krsna-presthaya bhu-tale
srimate bhaktivedanta-svamin iti namine

namas te sarasvate deve gaura-vani-pracarine
nirvisesa-sunyavadi-pascatya-desa-tarine
I offer my respectful unto His Divine Grace A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, who is very dear to Lord Krsna, having taken shelter at His lotus feet. Our respectful obeisances are unto you, O spiritual master, servant of Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Gosvami. You are kindly preaching the message of Lord Caitanyadeva and delivering the Western countries, which are filled with impersonalism and voidism.

om ajnana-timirandhasya jnananjana-salakaya
caksur unmilitam yena tasmai sri-gurave namah
I offer my respectful obeisances unto my spiritual master, who has opened my eyes, which were blinded by the darkness of ignorance, with the torchlight of knowledge.

We also fall at the lotus feet of His Divine Grace Om Visnupada Paramahamsa Parivrajakacarya 108 Sri Srimad Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Gosvami Maharaja Prabhupada.

nama om visnu-padaya krsna-presthaya bhu-tale
srimate bhaktisiddhanta-sarasvatiti namine
I offer my respectful obeisances unto His Divine Grace Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati, who is very dear to Lord Krsna, having taken shelter at His lotus feet.

sri-versabhanavi-devi-dayitaya krpabdhaye
krsna-sambandha-vijnana-dayine prabhave namah
I offer my respectful obeisances to Sri Varsabhanavi-devi-dayita dasa [another name of Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati], who is favored by Srimati Radharani and who is the ocean of transcendental mercy and the deliverer of the science of Krsna.

The Identity of Garga Muni

Since the Garga-samhita was spoken by the sage Sri Garga Muni, it is appropriate to discuss his identity. Sri Garga Muni recognized as highly elevated in austerity and penance (su-maha-tapah), lived at the time of Lord Krsna’s appearance on earth as the family priest (purohitah) of the yadu-vamsa. Nanda Maharaja could appreciate that Garga Muni was adhoksaja; that is, he was not an ordinary person seen by material senses. In addition, Garga Muni was a great authority in the knowledge of astrology. He was engaged by Vasudeva and Nanda Maharaja to perform the name-giving ceremony for Krsna and Balarama in a solitary place. The Srimad-Bhagavatam, Tenth Canto, Chapter 10 summary describes this as follows:

One day, Vasudeva [the father of Lord Krsna] sent for Garga Muni, the family priest of the yadu-vamsa [dynasty], and thus Garga Muni went to the house of Nanda Maharaja, who received him very well and requested him to give names to Krsna and Balarama. Garga Muni, of course, reminded Nanda Maharaja that Kamsa was looking for the son of Devaki and said that if he performed the ceremony very gorgeously, the ceremony would come to the notice of Kamsa, who would then suspect that Krsna was the son of Devaki. Nanda Maharaja therefore requested Garga Muni to perform this ceremony without anyone’s knowledge and Garga Muni did so… After thus informing Nanda Maharaja and completing the name-giving ceremony, Garga Muni advised Nanda Maharaja to protect his very carefully and then departed.

Garga Muni gave the names for Balarama and Krsna.

Garga Muni said, “This child, the son of Rohini, will give happiness to His relatives and friends by His transcendental qualities. Therefore, He will be known as Rama. And because He will manifest extraordinary bodily strength, He will also be known as Bala. Moreover, because He unities two families – Vasudeva’s family and the family of Nanda Maharaja – He will be known as Sankarsana.” (Srimad-Bhagavatam 10.8.12)

asan varnas trayo hy asya
grhnato ‘nuyugam tanuh
suklo raktas tatha pita
idanim krsnatam gatah
Your son Krsna appears as an incarnation in every millennium. In the past, He assumed three different colors – white, red and yellow – and now He has appeared in a blackish color. [In another Dvapara-yuga, He appeared (as Lord Ramacandra) in the color of suka, a parrot.] All such incarnations have now assembled in Krsna. (Srimad-Bhagavatam 10.8.13)

The famous verse above, beginning with asan varnas states, that the Lord incarnates in a yellow feature (pita) indicating Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu. Garga Muni explained precisely the position of Sri Krsna as having appeared previously as Narayana to annihilate the miscreants and to protect the devotees.

Table of Contents

Prefacexi
Introductionxxvii
Regarding the Merit of Garga-samhitaxxvii
Garga-samhita Mahatmyaxxix
Narada Inspires Garga for the Creation of the samhitaxxxix
The Sage Garga Composes the Garga-samhitaxli
The Merit and Method of Listeningxlii
Listening to Garga-samhita, King Pratibahu Gets a Sonxliv
Radha and Krsna Personally Appear at the Recitationxlv
Siva Speaks to Parvati about Garga-samhitaxlvi
CHAPTER ONE
Description of Sri-Krsna’s Glories1
Obeisances to the Lord and the Spiritual Masters1
Six Questions to Sri Suta Gosvami2
Garga Mentions the Name of Radha6
Sri Garga Muni Meets Saunaka Muni10
How Often Does Lord Visnu Descend to this World?16
One’s Sins are Removed by Hearing about the Lord19
Magicians Cannot Compare to the Master of Mysticism22
The Definition of Amsamsa25
Bhagavad-Gita Recommends a State of Elevated Consciousness28
Garbhodakasayi Visnu Expands Himself as Brahma31
Lord Krsna in the Womb of Devaki34
Incarnations Appear in Every Millennium37
Demons are Relegated by Expansions of Visnu40
Why Should God Come to Earth?43
Will He Appear Before Me?46
A Discussion Before the Battle of Kuruksetra49
CHAPTER TWO
Description of the Abode of Sri Goloka51
Devotees Perform Penances to Achieve the Highest Position52
Siva Accompanies the Demigods on a Spiritual Journey55
A Visit to Svetadvipa, the Abode of the Collective Supersoul58
The Demigods See Universes Bobbing in The Karana Ocean61
The Spiritual World is Opposite to the Material World64
Devotional Service is the Highest Religions Principle67
The Demigods Recognize their Subordinate Position70
The Demigods are Surprised73
Lord Trivikarma’s Toenail Broke a Hole in the Universe77
The Thousand-Petalled Lotus81
Goloka, the Misery-Free Abode84
Where the Cows have Gold-Plated Horns87
The Demigods Enter the Lord’s Personal Forest Grove90
The Supreme Lord has No Business to Perform94
Chanting Hare Krsna Removes the Dust and Rust from the Heart97
CHAPTER THREE
Description of the Lord’s Appearance100
A Helmet as Dazzling as the Sun100
The Half-Man Half-Lion Incarnation108
The Lord with Four Arms117
Air is Among the Twenty-Four Material Elements126
The Demigods Prostrate Themselves132
The Mystery of Sri Caitanya’s Reva River145
CHAPTER FOUR
Description of Questions About the Lord’s Appearance157
The Lord Selects His Cast167
Sabara Women Become Fortunate171
Transcendental Intoxication180
Sita’s Svayamvara Ceremony190
The Married Women of Mithila Will Become Gopis193
Rama Kills Nocturnal Demons215
Is Deity Worship Idol Worship?218
Lord Ramacandra is Untinged by Anger221
CHAPTER FIVE
The Lord’s Appearance223
The Ability to Know Past, Present and Future228
The Extraordinary Gigantic Fish Attracts Varuna’s Daughters234
The Highest Form of Meditation237
The Rasa Dance – by Invitation Only241
All These Kings Existed in the Past246
CHAPTER SIX
Description of Kamsa’s Strength257
Bahulasva Asks Questions about Kamsa257
Drinking Durva-Grass Juice260
The Return of Demon Kalanemi263
The Great Wrestlers Meet Their Match266
Kamsa Appears to be Unconquerable269
Hiranyakasipu as a Role-Model for Demons275
Nobody Defeats Parasurama278
Demonic Diplomacy282
Pride of Oil Production Fuel288
Rediscovering Lord Sri Krsna292
Trnavarta Surpasses Hurricane Katrina295
Dimon Baka Swallows His Opponents299
Appendixes301
About the Authors303
About Srila Prabhupada307
References309
Glossary311
Sanskrit Pronunciation Guide323
Index of Sanskrit Verses325
General Index333
ISKON Centers371

Krsna’s Planet (Sri Garga-Samhita) and Purport: First Canto (Part One Chapters 1-6) (Sanskrit Text, Transliteration, Word-to-word Meaning, English Translation)

Item Code:
IDK965
Cover:
Hardcover
Edition:
2006
Publisher:
Rupanuga Vedic College Publishing
ISBN:
0972837280
Language:
Sanskrit Text, Transliteration, Word-to-word Meaning, English Translation
Size:
9.3" X 6.3”
Pages:
427 (Illustrated Throughout in Color)
Price:
$30.00   Shipping Free
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Preface
As we begin writing a commentary on Sri Garga-samhita, we humbly bow to the lotus feet of our beloved spiritual master, Om Visnupada Paramahamsa Parivrajakacarya 108 Sri Srimad His Divine Grace A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, the Founder-Acarya of the International Soceity for Krishna Consciousness.

nama om visnu-padaya krsna-presthaya bhu-tale
srimate bhaktivedanta-svamin iti namine

namas te sarasvate deve gaura-vani-pracarine
nirvisesa-sunyavadi-pascatya-desa-tarine
I offer my respectful unto His Divine Grace A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, who is very dear to Lord Krsna, having taken shelter at His lotus feet. Our respectful obeisances are unto you, O spiritual master, servant of Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Gosvami. You are kindly preaching the message of Lord Caitanyadeva and delivering the Western countries, which are filled with impersonalism and voidism.

om ajnana-timirandhasya jnananjana-salakaya
caksur unmilitam yena tasmai sri-gurave namah
I offer my respectful obeisances unto my spiritual master, who has opened my eyes, which were blinded by the darkness of ignorance, with the torchlight of knowledge.

We also fall at the lotus feet of His Divine Grace Om Visnupada Paramahamsa Parivrajakacarya 108 Sri Srimad Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Gosvami Maharaja Prabhupada.

nama om visnu-padaya krsna-presthaya bhu-tale
srimate bhaktisiddhanta-sarasvatiti namine
I offer my respectful obeisances unto His Divine Grace Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati, who is very dear to Lord Krsna, having taken shelter at His lotus feet.

sri-versabhanavi-devi-dayitaya krpabdhaye
krsna-sambandha-vijnana-dayine prabhave namah
I offer my respectful obeisances to Sri Varsabhanavi-devi-dayita dasa [another name of Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati], who is favored by Srimati Radharani and who is the ocean of transcendental mercy and the deliverer of the science of Krsna.

The Identity of Garga Muni

Since the Garga-samhita was spoken by the sage Sri Garga Muni, it is appropriate to discuss his identity. Sri Garga Muni recognized as highly elevated in austerity and penance (su-maha-tapah), lived at the time of Lord Krsna’s appearance on earth as the family priest (purohitah) of the yadu-vamsa. Nanda Maharaja could appreciate that Garga Muni was adhoksaja; that is, he was not an ordinary person seen by material senses. In addition, Garga Muni was a great authority in the knowledge of astrology. He was engaged by Vasudeva and Nanda Maharaja to perform the name-giving ceremony for Krsna and Balarama in a solitary place. The Srimad-Bhagavatam, Tenth Canto, Chapter 10 summary describes this as follows:

One day, Vasudeva [the father of Lord Krsna] sent for Garga Muni, the family priest of the yadu-vamsa [dynasty], and thus Garga Muni went to the house of Nanda Maharaja, who received him very well and requested him to give names to Krsna and Balarama. Garga Muni, of course, reminded Nanda Maharaja that Kamsa was looking for the son of Devaki and said that if he performed the ceremony very gorgeously, the ceremony would come to the notice of Kamsa, who would then suspect that Krsna was the son of Devaki. Nanda Maharaja therefore requested Garga Muni to perform this ceremony without anyone’s knowledge and Garga Muni did so… After thus informing Nanda Maharaja and completing the name-giving ceremony, Garga Muni advised Nanda Maharaja to protect his very carefully and then departed.

Garga Muni gave the names for Balarama and Krsna.

Garga Muni said, “This child, the son of Rohini, will give happiness to His relatives and friends by His transcendental qualities. Therefore, He will be known as Rama. And because He will manifest extraordinary bodily strength, He will also be known as Bala. Moreover, because He unities two families – Vasudeva’s family and the family of Nanda Maharaja – He will be known as Sankarsana.” (Srimad-Bhagavatam 10.8.12)

asan varnas trayo hy asya
grhnato ‘nuyugam tanuh
suklo raktas tatha pita
idanim krsnatam gatah
Your son Krsna appears as an incarnation in every millennium. In the past, He assumed three different colors – white, red and yellow – and now He has appeared in a blackish color. [In another Dvapara-yuga, He appeared (as Lord Ramacandra) in the color of suka, a parrot.] All such incarnations have now assembled in Krsna. (Srimad-Bhagavatam 10.8.13)

The famous verse above, beginning with asan varnas states, that the Lord incarnates in a yellow feature (pita) indicating Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu. Garga Muni explained precisely the position of Sri Krsna as having appeared previously as Narayana to annihilate the miscreants and to protect the devotees.

Table of Contents

Prefacexi
Introductionxxvii
Regarding the Merit of Garga-samhitaxxvii
Garga-samhita Mahatmyaxxix
Narada Inspires Garga for the Creation of the samhitaxxxix
The Sage Garga Composes the Garga-samhitaxli
The Merit and Method of Listeningxlii
Listening to Garga-samhita, King Pratibahu Gets a Sonxliv
Radha and Krsna Personally Appear at the Recitationxlv
Siva Speaks to Parvati about Garga-samhitaxlvi
CHAPTER ONE
Description of Sri-Krsna’s Glories1
Obeisances to the Lord and the Spiritual Masters1
Six Questions to Sri Suta Gosvami2
Garga Mentions the Name of Radha6
Sri Garga Muni Meets Saunaka Muni10
How Often Does Lord Visnu Descend to this World?16
One’s Sins are Removed by Hearing about the Lord19
Magicians Cannot Compare to the Master of Mysticism22
The Definition of Amsamsa25
Bhagavad-Gita Recommends a State of Elevated Consciousness28
Garbhodakasayi Visnu Expands Himself as Brahma31
Lord Krsna in the Womb of Devaki34
Incarnations Appear in Every Millennium37
Demons are Relegated by Expansions of Visnu40
Why Should God Come to Earth?43
Will He Appear Before Me?46
A Discussion Before the Battle of Kuruksetra49
CHAPTER TWO
Description of the Abode of Sri Goloka51
Devotees Perform Penances to Achieve the Highest Position52
Siva Accompanies the Demigods on a Spiritual Journey55
A Visit to Svetadvipa, the Abode of the Collective Supersoul58
The Demigods See Universes Bobbing in The Karana Ocean61
The Spiritual World is Opposite to the Material World64
Devotional Service is the Highest Religions Principle67
The Demigods Recognize their Subordinate Position70
The Demigods are Surprised73
Lord Trivikarma’s Toenail Broke a Hole in the Universe77
The Thousand-Petalled Lotus81
Goloka, the Misery-Free Abode84
Where the Cows have Gold-Plated Horns87
The Demigods Enter the Lord’s Personal Forest Grove90
The Supreme Lord has No Business to Perform94
Chanting Hare Krsna Removes the Dust and Rust from the Heart97
CHAPTER THREE
Description of the Lord’s Appearance100
A Helmet as Dazzling as the Sun100
The Half-Man Half-Lion Incarnation108
The Lord with Four Arms117
Air is Among the Twenty-Four Material Elements126
The Demigods Prostrate Themselves132
The Mystery of Sri Caitanya’s Reva River145
CHAPTER FOUR
Description of Questions About the Lord’s Appearance157
The Lord Selects His Cast167
Sabara Women Become Fortunate171
Transcendental Intoxication180
Sita’s Svayamvara Ceremony190
The Married Women of Mithila Will Become Gopis193
Rama Kills Nocturnal Demons215
Is Deity Worship Idol Worship?218
Lord Ramacandra is Untinged by Anger221
CHAPTER FIVE
The Lord’s Appearance223
The Ability to Know Past, Present and Future228
The Extraordinary Gigantic Fish Attracts Varuna’s Daughters234
The Highest Form of Meditation237
The Rasa Dance – by Invitation Only241
All These Kings Existed in the Past246
CHAPTER SIX
Description of Kamsa’s Strength257
Bahulasva Asks Questions about Kamsa257
Drinking Durva-Grass Juice260
The Return of Demon Kalanemi263
The Great Wrestlers Meet Their Match266
Kamsa Appears to be Unconquerable269
Hiranyakasipu as a Role-Model for Demons275
Nobody Defeats Parasurama278
Demonic Diplomacy282
Pride of Oil Production Fuel288
Rediscovering Lord Sri Krsna292
Trnavarta Surpasses Hurricane Katrina295
Dimon Baka Swallows His Opponents299
Appendixes301
About the Authors303
About Srila Prabhupada307
References309
Glossary311
Sanskrit Pronunciation Guide323
Index of Sanskrit Verses325
General Index333
ISKON Centers371
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