Subscribe for Newsletters and Discounts
Be the first to receive our thoughtfully written
religious articles and product discounts.
Your interests (Optional)
This will help us make recommendations and send discounts and sale information at times.
By registering, you may receive account related information, our email newsletters and product updates, no more than twice a month. Please read our Privacy Policy for details.
.
By subscribing, you will receive our email newsletters and product updates, no more than twice a month. All emails will be sent by Exotic India using the email address info@exoticindia.com.

Please read our Privacy Policy for details.
|6
Your Cart (0)
Share our website with your friends.
Email this page to a friend
Books > Philosophy > पदार्थतत्त्वनिरूपणम्: Padartha Tattva Nirupana with Two Commentaries
Displaying 1459 of 2789         Previous  |  NextSubscribe to our newsletter and discounts
पदार्थतत्त्वनिरूपणम्: Padartha Tattva Nirupana with Two Commentaries
Pages from the book
पदार्थतत्त्वनिरूपणम्: Padartha Tattva Nirupana with Two Commentaries
Look Inside the Book
Description

About The Book

Itihasapuranakhyana samgrahah is an anthology comprising selections of akhyanas (tales and legends) from the two great epics-The Ramayana of Valmiki and the Mahabharata of Vyasa-and from major puranas. Narrative tradition have been cherished in our society since the Vedic period. Rituals have stimulated and strengthened this tradition. The rich tradition of legends and ancient tales included in this anthology present a very interesting comparison with the stories prevalent in ancient cultures of other countries. The anthology-Itihasapuranakhyana samgrahah evinces the gradual evolution of the story-form from folk-traditions into an inexhaustible source for our great poets and composers of itihasas and puranas.

The forty-two stories included in this anthology range from Visvamitra Vrttanta (from the Ramayana of Valmiki) to Kaliyuga vrttantam (from the Bhavisyapuranam). They demonstrate why epics and puranas are believed to be the repositories of our cultural heritage.

 

About The Author

Professor Radhavallabh Tripathi (b. 1949), the compiler of Itihasapuranakhyana samgrahah, is a well-known Sanskrit scholar. A poet by nature, he is one of the trailblazers that brought modern sensibility to Sanskrit poetry. He was honoured with the Sahitya Akademi (The National Academy of Letters, India) Award for his collection of poems Sandhanam in 1994. At present he is working as Professor and Head of the Department of Sanskrit, Dr. Harisingh Gour Vishwavidyalaya (Formerly University of Saugar), Saugar. (M.P.)

 

Introduction

This anthology comprises selections of akhyanas (tales and legends) from Itihasa (two great epics-the Ramayana of Valmiki and the Mahabharata of Vyasa) and the major puranas. Out of 42 akhyanas selected here, 6 have come from the Ramayana of Valmiki, five from the Mahabharata and the remaining ones from eighteen puranas.

The word akhyana, derived from the root khya means a tale. However, in ancient literary tradition it has been treated as synonymous with the itihasa and purana both. The itihasa and purana comprise akhyanas, therefore they both are also termed as the akhyanas.

The Traditions of Akyana The tradition of telling stories developed in India in remote past. Various akhyanas, comprising tales, popular stories as well as myths grew in various circles. The had an obvious connection with our culture as well as the history, the flora and fauna of this country. The tradition of telling stories was cherished in our country right from the Vedic period, and even the rituals provided stimulation and strength of this tradition. Various akhyana for example were told during the course of the performance of some of the yajnas. Prof. R.C. Hazra has opined that the tradition of Indian story literature grew out of the yajnas were called pariplava akhyanas. This tradition of narrating the stories on the occasion of the yajnas continues during the later Vedic period also. We find that the suta who was called for the measurement of the vedi (platform) in the nagayajna (serpent sacrifice) of king Janamejaya was an architect as well as a pauranika or narrator of puranas. Sutas were the bards who contributed to the preservation of popular story literature in old days and they narrated the puranas and the Mahabharata and also in the beginning of the puranas that one suta is narrating the, (the Mahabharata and all the puranas) before the eighty-eight thousand sages in the holy tirtha of Naimisaranya.

In this way, a very rich tradition of legends and ancient tales developed quite early in India. Certain motifs were universal in such legends or stories. They also present very interesting comparison with the stories prevalent in other countries with ancient cultures. The flood legend, for instance, occurs in Summerina literature as well as in ancient literature, we find the Great Fish in Satapatha Brahamana.

A very interesting story about demons making three worlds in the ascending order is told in the Brahmans. The Tripuras or the three citadels were situated in three worlds on the earth atmosphere and sky. This myth has been developed into a very remarkable episode of the killing of the demons of Tripura (Tripurasuravadha) which occurs in several puranas. Siva has been introduced in the myth.

Similarly the legend of the Vamana (the dwarf god) measuring the earth, atmosphere and the sky in three strides has its roots in Rgveda which describes the three strides has its roots in Rgveda which describes the three strides of Visnu. The Aitareya Brahmana and the Satapatha Br. develop it in the form of a story. The legend of Pururavas and Urvasi also makes its beginnings in Rgveda itself, in the famous hymn on Pururavas and Urvasi, which is subsequently recounted by Satapatha Br. Thus the vast mass of story literature, which had been growing in oral tradition in the remote past in our country, provided various motifs for the treatment of themes in Sanskrit literature, and also remained an unexaustible source for the poets. Such floating mass of story literature being preserved in folk traditions also developed into various cycles. Some of these story cycles we can also find in the itihasa and the puranas.

Ramayanas-An Epic of Eternal Values

Great epics as well the puranas are repositories of our cultural heritage. Taken together, they are regarded in our tradition at par with Veda itself. The Ramayana of Valmiki is also known as adikavya i.e. the first poem in the classical Sanskrit literature and its author, Valmiki is regarded as a sage who had foreseen Rama’s deeds even before his hero was born. However, this tradition is vindicated by the poem itself, which presents a brief account of the events that led to its composition. Accordingly, sage Valmiki saw a kraunca bird killed by a hunter and out of wrath cursed the killer by the following verse which spontaneously came out of his mouth:

(O nisada, you will not enjoy reputation for eternity, because you have killed one bird out of the pair of kraunca, which was absorbed in love-making).

Valmiki was quite amazed at this spontaneous outburst of poetry so suddenly and unexpectedly, and asked himself:

(What have I said out of the utter sorrow for this bird?)

His sorrow for the bird thus killed put him in a sad mood, and he wanted to create something. He was then advised by Brahma, the Creator god, to compose an epic on the deeds of Rama, with an assurance that so long as the mountains remain and the rivers flow on this earth, the story of Rama as treated in this epic will remain in vogue in this world:

As the great epic was created out of sorrow that Valmiki felt at the sight of the killing of a bird, the prevailing mood in the whole poem is that of pathos. Even the masters of Sanskrit poetics, the great acaryas like Anandavardhana and Kuntaka have recognized karuna rasa as ang (dominating) in this epic. Unlike the Mahabharata of Vyasa, Valmiki’s Ramayana maintains the thread of the main story unbroken throughout, and the secondary stories are not allowed to dominate. Only the first and the last kandas (the Balakanda and Uttarakanda) have more variety of different types of stories.

Mahabharata of Vyasa

The Mahabharata of Vyasa is one of the richest and the greatest storehouses of stories. It is also an epic par excellence. The authors of Mahabharata go on adding various episodes one after the other in the central story throughout. The story of the Kauravas and the Pandavas starts after 60 chapters in the first parva (Adiparava) and these chapters have been devoted to their ancestors. The story of Dusyanata and his marriage with Sakuntala comprises as many as 12 chapters (adhyayas) and it is definitely one of the finest tales that India has contributed to the world story literature.

 






Sample Page

पदार्थतत्त्वनिरूपणम्: Padartha Tattva Nirupana with Two Commentaries

Item Code:
NZB657
Cover:
Hardcover
Edition:
2010
Language:
Sanskrit
Size:
10.0 inch X 7.0 inch
Pages:
188
Other Details:
Weight of the Book: 490 gms
Price:
$25.00   Shipping Free
Look Inside the Book
Add to Wishlist
Send as e-card
Send as free online greeting card
पदार्थतत्त्वनिरूपणम्: Padartha Tattva Nirupana with Two Commentaries

Verify the characters on the left

From:
Edit     
You will be informed as and when your card is viewed. Please note that your card will be active in the system for 30 days.

Viewed 2577 times since 23rd Jun, 2015

About The Book

Itihasapuranakhyana samgrahah is an anthology comprising selections of akhyanas (tales and legends) from the two great epics-The Ramayana of Valmiki and the Mahabharata of Vyasa-and from major puranas. Narrative tradition have been cherished in our society since the Vedic period. Rituals have stimulated and strengthened this tradition. The rich tradition of legends and ancient tales included in this anthology present a very interesting comparison with the stories prevalent in ancient cultures of other countries. The anthology-Itihasapuranakhyana samgrahah evinces the gradual evolution of the story-form from folk-traditions into an inexhaustible source for our great poets and composers of itihasas and puranas.

The forty-two stories included in this anthology range from Visvamitra Vrttanta (from the Ramayana of Valmiki) to Kaliyuga vrttantam (from the Bhavisyapuranam). They demonstrate why epics and puranas are believed to be the repositories of our cultural heritage.

 

About The Author

Professor Radhavallabh Tripathi (b. 1949), the compiler of Itihasapuranakhyana samgrahah, is a well-known Sanskrit scholar. A poet by nature, he is one of the trailblazers that brought modern sensibility to Sanskrit poetry. He was honoured with the Sahitya Akademi (The National Academy of Letters, India) Award for his collection of poems Sandhanam in 1994. At present he is working as Professor and Head of the Department of Sanskrit, Dr. Harisingh Gour Vishwavidyalaya (Formerly University of Saugar), Saugar. (M.P.)

 

Introduction

This anthology comprises selections of akhyanas (tales and legends) from Itihasa (two great epics-the Ramayana of Valmiki and the Mahabharata of Vyasa) and the major puranas. Out of 42 akhyanas selected here, 6 have come from the Ramayana of Valmiki, five from the Mahabharata and the remaining ones from eighteen puranas.

The word akhyana, derived from the root khya means a tale. However, in ancient literary tradition it has been treated as synonymous with the itihasa and purana both. The itihasa and purana comprise akhyanas, therefore they both are also termed as the akhyanas.

The Traditions of Akyana The tradition of telling stories developed in India in remote past. Various akhyanas, comprising tales, popular stories as well as myths grew in various circles. The had an obvious connection with our culture as well as the history, the flora and fauna of this country. The tradition of telling stories was cherished in our country right from the Vedic period, and even the rituals provided stimulation and strength of this tradition. Various akhyana for example were told during the course of the performance of some of the yajnas. Prof. R.C. Hazra has opined that the tradition of Indian story literature grew out of the yajnas were called pariplava akhyanas. This tradition of narrating the stories on the occasion of the yajnas continues during the later Vedic period also. We find that the suta who was called for the measurement of the vedi (platform) in the nagayajna (serpent sacrifice) of king Janamejaya was an architect as well as a pauranika or narrator of puranas. Sutas were the bards who contributed to the preservation of popular story literature in old days and they narrated the puranas and the Mahabharata and also in the beginning of the puranas that one suta is narrating the, (the Mahabharata and all the puranas) before the eighty-eight thousand sages in the holy tirtha of Naimisaranya.

In this way, a very rich tradition of legends and ancient tales developed quite early in India. Certain motifs were universal in such legends or stories. They also present very interesting comparison with the stories prevalent in other countries with ancient cultures. The flood legend, for instance, occurs in Summerina literature as well as in ancient literature, we find the Great Fish in Satapatha Brahamana.

A very interesting story about demons making three worlds in the ascending order is told in the Brahmans. The Tripuras or the three citadels were situated in three worlds on the earth atmosphere and sky. This myth has been developed into a very remarkable episode of the killing of the demons of Tripura (Tripurasuravadha) which occurs in several puranas. Siva has been introduced in the myth.

Similarly the legend of the Vamana (the dwarf god) measuring the earth, atmosphere and the sky in three strides has its roots in Rgveda which describes the three strides has its roots in Rgveda which describes the three strides of Visnu. The Aitareya Brahmana and the Satapatha Br. develop it in the form of a story. The legend of Pururavas and Urvasi also makes its beginnings in Rgveda itself, in the famous hymn on Pururavas and Urvasi, which is subsequently recounted by Satapatha Br. Thus the vast mass of story literature, which had been growing in oral tradition in the remote past in our country, provided various motifs for the treatment of themes in Sanskrit literature, and also remained an unexaustible source for the poets. Such floating mass of story literature being preserved in folk traditions also developed into various cycles. Some of these story cycles we can also find in the itihasa and the puranas.

Ramayanas-An Epic of Eternal Values

Great epics as well the puranas are repositories of our cultural heritage. Taken together, they are regarded in our tradition at par with Veda itself. The Ramayana of Valmiki is also known as adikavya i.e. the first poem in the classical Sanskrit literature and its author, Valmiki is regarded as a sage who had foreseen Rama’s deeds even before his hero was born. However, this tradition is vindicated by the poem itself, which presents a brief account of the events that led to its composition. Accordingly, sage Valmiki saw a kraunca bird killed by a hunter and out of wrath cursed the killer by the following verse which spontaneously came out of his mouth:

(O nisada, you will not enjoy reputation for eternity, because you have killed one bird out of the pair of kraunca, which was absorbed in love-making).

Valmiki was quite amazed at this spontaneous outburst of poetry so suddenly and unexpectedly, and asked himself:

(What have I said out of the utter sorrow for this bird?)

His sorrow for the bird thus killed put him in a sad mood, and he wanted to create something. He was then advised by Brahma, the Creator god, to compose an epic on the deeds of Rama, with an assurance that so long as the mountains remain and the rivers flow on this earth, the story of Rama as treated in this epic will remain in vogue in this world:

As the great epic was created out of sorrow that Valmiki felt at the sight of the killing of a bird, the prevailing mood in the whole poem is that of pathos. Even the masters of Sanskrit poetics, the great acaryas like Anandavardhana and Kuntaka have recognized karuna rasa as ang (dominating) in this epic. Unlike the Mahabharata of Vyasa, Valmiki’s Ramayana maintains the thread of the main story unbroken throughout, and the secondary stories are not allowed to dominate. Only the first and the last kandas (the Balakanda and Uttarakanda) have more variety of different types of stories.

Mahabharata of Vyasa

The Mahabharata of Vyasa is one of the richest and the greatest storehouses of stories. It is also an epic par excellence. The authors of Mahabharata go on adding various episodes one after the other in the central story throughout. The story of the Kauravas and the Pandavas starts after 60 chapters in the first parva (Adiparava) and these chapters have been devoted to their ancestors. The story of Dusyanata and his marriage with Sakuntala comprises as many as 12 chapters (adhyayas) and it is definitely one of the finest tales that India has contributed to the world story literature.

 






Sample Page

Post a Comment
 
Post Review
Post a Query
For privacy concerns, please view our Privacy Policy

Related Items

Philosophic Foundation of Ayurveda
Item Code: IDK372
$23.50
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Philosophical Stories
by Swami Sivananda
Paperback (Edition: 2013)
The Divine Life Society
Item Code: NAG686
$10.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Indian Philosophy and Text Science
Item Code: NAB915
$35.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Indian Philosophy and Text Science
Item Code: IHG017
$30.00
SOLD
The Six Systems of Indian Philosophy -An Old Book
Item Code: IDG924
$30.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Tarkasamgraha of Ananmbhatta
Item Code: IDE234
$25.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Verbal Knowledge in Prabhakara Mimasa
by R.N. Sarma
Hardcover (Edition: 1990)
Sri Satguru Publications
Item Code: NAE752
$25.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now

Testimonials

The best and fastest service worldwide - I am in Australia and I put in a big order of books (14 items) on a Wednesday; it was sent on Friday and arrived at my doorstep early on Monday morning - amazing! All very securely packed in a very strong cardboard box. I have bought several times from Exotic India and the service is always exceptionally good. THANK YOU and NAMASTE!
Charles (Rudra)
I just wanted to say that this is I think my 3rd (big) order from you, and the last two times I received immaculate service, the books arrived well and it has been a very pleasant experience. Just wanted to say thanks for your efficient service.
Shantala, Belgium
Thank you so much EXOTIC INDIA for the wonderfull packaging!! I received my order today and it was gift wrapped with so much love and taste in a beautiful golden gift wrap and everything was neat and beautifully packed. Also my order came very fast... i am impressed! Besides selling fantastic items, you provide an exceptional customer service and i will surely purchase again from you! I am very glad and happy :) Thank you, Salma
Salma, Canada.
Artwork received today. Very pleased both with the product quality and speed of delivery. Many thanks for your help.
Carl, UK.
I wanted to let you know how happy we are with our framed pieces of Shree Durga and Shree Kali. Thank you and thank your framers for us. By the way, this month we offered a Puja and Yagna to the Ardhanarishwara murti we purchased from you last November. The Brahmin priest, Shree Vivek Godbol, who was visiting LA preformed the rites. He really loved our murti and thought it very paka. I am so happy to have found your site , it is very paka and trustworthy. Plus such great packing and quick shipping. Thanks for your service Vipin, it is a pleasure.
Gina, USA
My marble statue of Durga arrived today in perfect condition, it's such a beautiful statue. Thanks again for giving me a discount on it, I'm always very pleased with the items I order from you. You always have the best quality items.
Charles, Tennessee
Jay Shree Krishna Shrimud Bhagavatam Mahapurana in Sanskrat Parayana is very very thankful to you we are so gratefully to your seva
Mrs. Darbar, UK.
Its a very efficient website and questions queries are responded promptly. very reliable website. Thank you.
Kailash, Australia.
Beautiful and amazing products. Super quality
Vraja, USA
Thank you so much. I have received Krishna statue. Excellent art work and beautiful as I expected. Certainly I will recommend and plan to visit your store when I am coming to India.
Kannan, Canada.
TRUSTe
Language:
Currency:
All rights reserved. Copyright 2017 © Exotic India