Sign In
 
Forgot password?
Enter your username or email to reset and email yourself your password
Sign In
Welcome . For your security, please choose your password.
Sign In
For privacy concerns, please view our Privacy Policy
Sign up
for saving your wish list, viewing past orders
receiving discounts and lots more...
Subscribe for Newsletters and Discounts
Be the first to receive our thoughtfully written
religious articles and product discounts.
By registering, you may receive account related information, our email newsletters and product updates, no more than twice a month. Please read our Privacy Policy for details.
.

Share

Share our website with your friends.
Email this page to a friend
By subscribing, you will receive our email newsletters and product updates, no more than twice a month. All emails will be sent by Exotic India using the email address info@exoticindia.com.

Please read our Privacy Policy for details.
|6
Your Cart (0)
Books > Philosophy > The Problem of Universals in Indian Philosophy
Displaying 2064 of 2651         Previous  |  NextSubscribe to our newsletter and discounts
The Problem of Universals in Indian Philosophy
The Problem of Universals in Indian Philosophy
Description

From the Jacket

Raja Ram Dravid presents a comprehensive and critical study of the fundamental problem of universals in Indian Philosophy. The center of the study is the controversy between the Nyaya-Vaisesika and the Mimamsa realists on the one hand and the Buddhist nominalists on the other.

The author discusses not only the epistemological and metaphysical approach to the problem of universals but also the semantic approach made by the various systems of Indian Philosophy. In this context the view of the Grammarions with special reference to Bhartrhari has been discussed in some detail. A brief but critical analysis of some of the main trends of thought on universals in Western Philosophy - beginning from Pluto to the contemporary philosophers - has also been given. Besides his scholarly and eminently readable treatment of the fundamental problem of universals, the author has attempted to give his own solution of the problem. It is based on the recurrent identities and similarities which are the principles of grouping and which form the foundation of our thought and speech.

About the Author

Raja ram Dravid taught philosophy at Banaras Hindu University. He had contributed several research papers on various aspects of Indian Philosophy in reputed journals, before he died in harness.

Kanshi Ram teaches Sanskrit at Hans Raj Collage, University of Delhi, Delhi

Contents:

FOREWORD

PREFACE

ABBREVIATIONS

Chapter I

INTRODUCTION

Chapter II

THE EXTREME REALISM OF THE NYAYA-VAISESIKA 
1. The definition of the universal (jati)
2. The universal as distinct from the particular
3. Universal as the determinant of causality
4. Jati and Upadhi
5. Existence as the Highest Universal
6. Existence versus Being and Reality
7. Criticism of the Nyaya view of 'existence' by other schools
8. Concluding remarks

Chapter III

THE REALISM OF THE MIMAMSA
1. Kumarila's Theory of universals
2. The relation between universal and particular
3. Criticism of the Nyaya view
4. The Prabhakara view of universals
5. Criticism of Kumarila's view
6. Concluding remarks

Chapter IV

THE BUDDHIST CRITICISM OF REALISM AND THE REALIST REPLY

I. The Buddhist Criticism
1. Universal a thought-construction
2. Refutation of the realist theory of general congnition
3. Difficulties in the realist theory of universals
4. The Buddhist explanation of recognition

II. The Realist Reply
1. Universals are real entities
2. General cognitions imply universals
3. Difficulties raised by the Buddhist answered
4. Concluding remarks

Chapter V

ARE UNIVERSALS PERCEIVED ?

I. The Buddhist Position
1. The Realist's view of Perception
2. The Buddhist view of Perception
3. The universal not a percept
4. Determinate cognition not perceptual

II. The Realist's Criticism
1. Universal a perceived fact
2. Determinate cognition perceptual
3. refutation of the Buddhist arguments for momentariness
4. Some more objections answered
5. Defence of substance-attribute relation
6. Concluding remarks

Chapter VI

THE JAINA THEORY OF UNIVERSALS
1. The nature of the object of knowledge
2. Identity of Existence
3. Arguments for the reality of the universals
4. The two kinds of universals
5. Criticism of the Buddhist and the Nyaya views
6. The Jaina conception of the universal
7. Comparison with the Visistadvaita view
8. Concluding remarks

Chapter VII

THE ADVAITA VIEW OF UNIVERSALS
1. The universal Existence and the empirical particular
2. Criticism of the realist theory of universals
3. The Advaitic explanation of general cognition
4. Concluding remarks

Chapter VIII

IMPORT OF WORDS
1. The Individualist theory
2. The Configuration theory
3. The Universalist theory
4. The Theory of Composite denotation
5. The Advaitic criticism of the realist theory of meaning
6. The Advaitic theory of import of words

Chapter IX

THE GRAMMARIAN'S VIEW OF WORD AND MEANING
1. The word as the Ultimate Reality
2. The sentence as universal
3. The word as universal
4. Import of words
5. Bhartrhari's view
6. The theory of superimposition
7. All words denote universals
8. Justification from the Advaitic stand-point
9. An account of the nature of universals
10. A defence of the existence of universals
11. Concluding remarks

Chapter X

THE BUDDHIST NOMINALISM (APOHAVADA)-I

I. The Theory of Dignaga and Dharmakirti
1. Concepts or universals are thought-constructions
2. Words signify mere negations
3. All distinctions are purely conceptual
4. Criticism of the realist theory of meaning

II. Criticism by Kumarila and Uddyotakara

III. Defence of Apohavada by Santaraksita
1. The meaning of apoha
2. Import of words explained
3. Objections of Kumarila answered

IV. Vacaspati Misra's Criticism of Apohavada

Chapter XI

THE BUDDHIST NOMINALISM (APOHAVADA)-II

I. Defence of Apohavada by Jnanasri and Ratnakirti
1. The import of words
2. The objects of perception and conception distinguished
3. Judgments empirically refer to real external things

II. Udayana's Criticism of Apohavada
1. Negation not a felt element in conceptual cognition
2. The object of conceptual cognition not unreal
3. Volitional activity not explained
4. Concluding remarks

Chapter XII

UNIVERSALS IN GREEK AND MEDIEVAL THOUGHT
1. The Extreme Realism of Plato
2. The Moderate Realism of Aristotle
3. The Controversy over Universals in the Middle Ages
    (i) Porphyry's Problem
   (ii) Extreme Realism
  (iii) Adversaries of Extreme Realism
  (iv) Moderate Realism
   (v) Conceptualism

Chapter XIII

CONTRIBUTION OF MODERN THINKERS
1. Hobbes' Nominalism
2. The Conceptualism of Locke
3. Berkeley's Criticism
4. Hume's Theory of Disposition and Resemblance
5. The Rationalist Protest

Chapter XIV

UNIVERSALS VERSUS RESEMBLANCES IN CONTEMPORARY PHILOSOPHY
1. Russell's Defence of Universals
2. The Theory of Stout
3. Moore's Analysis
4. The Protagonists of Resemblance
5. Concluding remarks

Chapter XV

CONCLUSION

A SHORT BIBLIOGRAPHY

INDEX

Item Code:
IDD318
Cover:
Hardcover
Edition:
2001
Publisher:
Motilal Banarsidas Publishers Pvt. Ltd.
ISBN:
81-208-0832-0
Language:
English
Size:
8.9" x 6"
Pages:
414
Other Details:
Weight of the Book: 561 gms
Price:
$39.50
Discounted:
$31.60   Shipping Free
You Save:
$7.90 (20%)
Add to Wishlist
Viewed 4100 times since 2nd Nov, 2010

From the Jacket

Raja Ram Dravid presents a comprehensive and critical study of the fundamental problem of universals in Indian Philosophy. The center of the study is the controversy between the Nyaya-Vaisesika and the Mimamsa realists on the one hand and the Buddhist nominalists on the other.

The author discusses not only the epistemological and metaphysical approach to the problem of universals but also the semantic approach made by the various systems of Indian Philosophy. In this context the view of the Grammarions with special reference to Bhartrhari has been discussed in some detail. A brief but critical analysis of some of the main trends of thought on universals in Western Philosophy - beginning from Pluto to the contemporary philosophers - has also been given. Besides his scholarly and eminently readable treatment of the fundamental problem of universals, the author has attempted to give his own solution of the problem. It is based on the recurrent identities and similarities which are the principles of grouping and which form the foundation of our thought and speech.

About the Author

Raja ram Dravid taught philosophy at Banaras Hindu University. He had contributed several research papers on various aspects of Indian Philosophy in reputed journals, before he died in harness.

Kanshi Ram teaches Sanskrit at Hans Raj Collage, University of Delhi, Delhi

Contents:

FOREWORD

PREFACE

ABBREVIATIONS

Chapter I

INTRODUCTION

Chapter II

THE EXTREME REALISM OF THE NYAYA-VAISESIKA 
1. The definition of the universal (jati)
2. The universal as distinct from the particular
3. Universal as the determinant of causality
4. Jati and Upadhi
5. Existence as the Highest Universal
6. Existence versus Being and Reality
7. Criticism of the Nyaya view of 'existence' by other schools
8. Concluding remarks

Chapter III

THE REALISM OF THE MIMAMSA
1. Kumarila's Theory of universals
2. The relation between universal and particular
3. Criticism of the Nyaya view
4. The Prabhakara view of universals
5. Criticism of Kumarila's view
6. Concluding remarks

Chapter IV

THE BUDDHIST CRITICISM OF REALISM AND THE REALIST REPLY

I. The Buddhist Criticism
1. Universal a thought-construction
2. Refutation of the realist theory of general congnition
3. Difficulties in the realist theory of universals
4. The Buddhist explanation of recognition

II. The Realist Reply
1. Universals are real entities
2. General cognitions imply universals
3. Difficulties raised by the Buddhist answered
4. Concluding remarks

Chapter V

ARE UNIVERSALS PERCEIVED ?

I. The Buddhist Position
1. The Realist's view of Perception
2. The Buddhist view of Perception
3. The universal not a percept
4. Determinate cognition not perceptual

II. The Realist's Criticism
1. Universal a perceived fact
2. Determinate cognition perceptual
3. refutation of the Buddhist arguments for momentariness
4. Some more objections answered
5. Defence of substance-attribute relation
6. Concluding remarks

Chapter VI

THE JAINA THEORY OF UNIVERSALS
1. The nature of the object of knowledge
2. Identity of Existence
3. Arguments for the reality of the universals
4. The two kinds of universals
5. Criticism of the Buddhist and the Nyaya views
6. The Jaina conception of the universal
7. Comparison with the Visistadvaita view
8. Concluding remarks

Chapter VII

THE ADVAITA VIEW OF UNIVERSALS
1. The universal Existence and the empirical particular
2. Criticism of the realist theory of universals
3. The Advaitic explanation of general cognition
4. Concluding remarks

Chapter VIII

IMPORT OF WORDS
1. The Individualist theory
2. The Configuration theory
3. The Universalist theory
4. The Theory of Composite denotation
5. The Advaitic criticism of the realist theory of meaning
6. The Advaitic theory of import of words

Chapter IX

THE GRAMMARIAN'S VIEW OF WORD AND MEANING
1. The word as the Ultimate Reality
2. The sentence as universal
3. The word as universal
4. Import of words
5. Bhartrhari's view
6. The theory of superimposition
7. All words denote universals
8. Justification from the Advaitic stand-point
9. An account of the nature of universals
10. A defence of the existence of universals
11. Concluding remarks

Chapter X

THE BUDDHIST NOMINALISM (APOHAVADA)-I

I. The Theory of Dignaga and Dharmakirti
1. Concepts or universals are thought-constructions
2. Words signify mere negations
3. All distinctions are purely conceptual
4. Criticism of the realist theory of meaning

II. Criticism by Kumarila and Uddyotakara

III. Defence of Apohavada by Santaraksita
1. The meaning of apoha
2. Import of words explained
3. Objections of Kumarila answered

IV. Vacaspati Misra's Criticism of Apohavada

Chapter XI

THE BUDDHIST NOMINALISM (APOHAVADA)-II

I. Defence of Apohavada by Jnanasri and Ratnakirti
1. The import of words
2. The objects of perception and conception distinguished
3. Judgments empirically refer to real external things

II. Udayana's Criticism of Apohavada
1. Negation not a felt element in conceptual cognition
2. The object of conceptual cognition not unreal
3. Volitional activity not explained
4. Concluding remarks

Chapter XII

UNIVERSALS IN GREEK AND MEDIEVAL THOUGHT
1. The Extreme Realism of Plato
2. The Moderate Realism of Aristotle
3. The Controversy over Universals in the Middle Ages
    (i) Porphyry's Problem
   (ii) Extreme Realism
  (iii) Adversaries of Extreme Realism
  (iv) Moderate Realism
   (v) Conceptualism

Chapter XIII

CONTRIBUTION OF MODERN THINKERS
1. Hobbes' Nominalism
2. The Conceptualism of Locke
3. Berkeley's Criticism
4. Hume's Theory of Disposition and Resemblance
5. The Rationalist Protest

Chapter XIV

UNIVERSALS VERSUS RESEMBLANCES IN CONTEMPORARY PHILOSOPHY
1. Russell's Defence of Universals
2. The Theory of Stout
3. Moore's Analysis
4. The Protagonists of Resemblance
5. Concluding remarks

Chapter XV

CONCLUSION

A SHORT BIBLIOGRAPHY

INDEX

Post a Comment
 
Post Review
Post a Query
For privacy concerns, please view our Privacy Policy

Related Items

Cyclic Universe
by N. C. Panda
Hardcover (Edition: 2002)
D. K. Printworld Pvt. Ltd
Item Code: NAE215
$60.00$48.00
You save: $12.00 (20%)
Shankara's Universal Philosophy of Religion
by Y. Masih
Hardcover (Edition: 1987)
Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.
Item Code: IHD59
$23.50$18.80
You save: $4.70 (20%)
Origin of Universe: Vedic Approach
by Dr. C. Dakshinamurti
Paperback (Edition: 2004)
Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan
Item Code: IDK860
$14.00$11.20
You save: $2.80 (20%)
Life and Origin of the Universe (Vedanta & Science Series) (Transliteration Text with English Translation)
by Bhaktisvarupa Damodara Swami
Paperback (Edition: 2010)
Bhaktivedanta Institute
Item Code: NAG883
$18.00$14.40
You save: $3.60 (20%)
MIMAMSA CONTRIBUTION TO LANGUAGE STUDIES (Calicut University 
Sanskrit Series No. 2)
by Dr. K. Kunjunniraja
Paperback (Edition: 1988)
Department of Sanskrit, University of Calicut
Item Code: IDF709
$10.00$8.00
You save: $2.00 (20%)
Isa Upanishad (A Study of the Universal Law Dharma from the Karma Mimamsa Perspective)
by Dr. S. A. Sarma
Paperback (Edition: 1999)
Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan
Item Code: IHL350
$15.00$12.00
You save: $3.00 (20%)
The Vibrating Universe 
by N.C. Panda
Hardcover (Edition: 2000)
Motilal Banarsidas Publishers Pvt. Ltd.
Item Code: IDD342
$47.50$38.00
You save: $9.50 (20%)
Before The Beginning and After The End (Beyond The Universe of Physics: Rediscovering Ancient Insights)
by Rishi Kumar Mishra
Paperback (Edition: 2011)
Rupa Publication Pvt. Ltd.
Item Code: NAD506
$37.50$30.00
You save: $7.50 (20%)
The Buddhist Philosophy of Universal Flux: An Exposition of the Philosophy of Critical Realism as Expounded by the  
School of Dignaga
by Satkari Mookerjee
Hardcover (Edition: 2006)
Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Private Limited
Item Code: IDC142
$45.00$36.00
You save: $9.00 (20%)
The Divine Science (A study of the emergence of Divine and Material Forces in the Universe and in Human life)
by Radha Kant
Hardcover (Edition: 2006)
Janaki Prakashan, Patna
Item Code: IDJ814
$19.00$15.20
You save: $3.80 (20%)
Evolution of Indian Philosophy: Andhra University Philosophical Studies, no. 8
by K. Satchidananda Murtyt
Paperback (Edition: 2007)
D. K. Printworld (P) Ltd.
Item Code: IDI946
$19.00$15.20
You save: $3.80 (20%)
The Universe of Acharya Sushil Muni (The Philosophy of the World Religion)
by Acarya Dr. Sadhvi Sadhana, with a foreword by Shri Shivraj V. Patil
Hardcover (Edition: 2005)
Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.
Item Code: IDI701
$45.00$36.00
You save: $9.00 (20%)

Testimonials

I received the 2 sarees and the DVDs. You truly are a treasure house for the music and other related things. You have gotten me an array of CDs,books,DVDs and not least of all beautiful sarees. All always packed with care, delivered in a timely, no hassle fashion. Your business is very trustworthy and I am so glad to have when I need to look for something.
Prashanti, USA
Hello, Just a short feedback on your new website layout: the old one was better than most of what you come across on the www, but you've managed to make it even better. I very much like the new look of the book pages and 'my gallery' pages. Thanks again for offering me a look inside the books. It's a big help for finding out if it's really what I want. Everything is perfect: the presentation of the items, your way of handling the orders, and the fast and always diligently packed parcels. Thanks to all at Exotic India, Walter
Walter
thank you sooo much for the speedy delivery!! within two days I am already wearing my beautiful Exotic Indian shawl!! thanks so much
Pat Demaret
This is the second time I am ordering kurta. The first time it was in July of 2015. The whole transaction was very smooth, and I received my order in USA within a week's tme from India. it was faster than some of the local orders that I have placed. Thank you for your efficiency.
Prabha, USA
I like Exotic India and have had a great experience so far with your books / shipping etc. Please keep it up!
Sriram, USA
Thanks to all the staff at Exotic Art for helping me acquire these wonderful books from the holy land of Bharata Varsha. Happy new year to you all and all glories to Sri Krsna, peace...
J. Idehen, UK
Exotic India is a fine organization to do business with. I have had the best trading experience and the very best customer service. The communication I have had with Vipin K. is of the highest quality; my questions and requests were quickly and professionally answered and fulfilled. A special thanks to the artist Kailash Raj for the beautiful art he produces; I have certainly been enriched by the way his art exemplifies the stories they tell. Many Thanks to all concerned.
W. J. Barnett, USA
My beautiful shawl arrived today. Thank you so much for this lovely shawl. Really, it is nicer than the photograph. I hope you and yours have a very Happy New Year and much prosperity in the New Year. With gratitude
Tom Anderson, Canada
An excellent website, as always. I do not even mention its content, which is beautiful beyond words, but I am merely referring to the great functionality and optimal design of your website. Links always work, the information is accurate and complete, images are very clear, including scanned content of your books. A pleasure to purchase from you.
Oreste, USA
I just wanted to extend my profound thanks to you for expediting my order. It was so well packaged and all import processes taken care of so the beautiful statue arrived in fabulous condition. It looks truly wonderful and I am so happy to have Lord Ganesh take pride of place in my home. Thank you again for your superb service. Best regards
Nikki Grainger
TRUSTe online privacy certification
Language:
Currency:
All rights reserved. Copyright 2016 © Exotic India
Exotic India
A-16/1 Wazirpur Industrial Estate Delhi - 110052 India
- Phone: +919953839642