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The Republican Trends in Ancient India

The Republican Trends in Ancient India

Specifications

Item Code: IDD873

by Shobha Mukerji, Ph.D.

Hardcover (Edition: 1968)

Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.

Language: English
Size: 8.8" X 5.8"
Pages: 234
Price: $22.50   Shipping Free
Viewed times since 2nd Oct, 2008

Description

About the Book:

The world had been told for a pretty long time that India taught the West the mystery of life and death yet she had not known herself how to live an organized life, socially and politically. In the first half of the present century distinguished scholars like Dr. K.P. Jayaswal, Bhandarkar, N.N. Law and other alone with few western Indologist like Oldenberg and Rhys-Davids stepped forward to prove that this country had seen not only great monarchies and empires but had experienced various types of non-monarchical states as well.

The present work is a venture towards clarification of some of the earlier opinions expressed in a nationalistic fervor. With the aid of scriptural, literary, historical and numismatic evidences it has been proved by the authors that very advanced forms of republics and many of its variations functioned here. Contrary to the common belief that they were all democratic-republics or oligarchies, it has been successfully established that they were mainly aristocratic-republics, with their special features. Besides, republican trends featured prominently in the education system, trade guilds and even in the rural life with its agricultural problems. This book is a critical analysis and evaluation of the political institutions of about one thousand years of our glorious past. It opens a new window to look into Hindu Polity in its historical perspective. The easy, analytical approach to the problem of determining the nature of the republican states from 6th Century B.C. to the middle of the 4th Century AD makes it an interesting reading for the scholars of ancient India history and polity as well.

Contents

Foreword

Preface

The Concept of Republican State

    The essentials of a republican state
    Montesquieu's concept
    Modern application
    Concept of republic in ancient India
    Theory and practice of the republican polity in Greece and India during the later ages Causes of the fall of the republics
Evidence for the Existence of the Republics
    Republics described in Panini's Astadhyayi
    Republics in the Buddhist and Jain literature
    Republics in the Mahabharata
    Varieties of republics in Kautilya's Arthasastra
    Trade guilds and corporations
    Republics mentioned in the Greek accounts
    Special types of kingships
    Republics under the Mauryas
    Asokan inscriptions
    Numismatic evidences
Kinds of Repulics
    Panini's theory of the classification of states
    Kautilya's classification
    Republics mentioned in the Kasika
    Religious Samghas described in the Buddhist literature
Republics During the Buddha's Time (7th-6th c. B.C.)
    The rise of the Buddhist movement and its significance
    The Sakyan Republic
    The Federal Republic of the Licchavis and the Videhas
    The Mallas
    The Koliyas
    The Videhas
    The village Republics and their success
Post Buddha Period (C. 500-2nd c. B.C.)
    The age of Panini, The Ayudhajivins. The Parsavadi ganas
    The yaudheyadi group
    The Trigarta Sastha
    The Pugas
    The Srenis, The Vratas
    Indian republics in the Greek accounts
    Other smaller communities
    Republics during the time of Kautilya
Republics During the Epic and Post Mauryan Age (2nd c. B.C. to the middle of 4th c. A.D.)
    The States conquered by Nakula
    The States conquered by Karna
    Bhisma's views on the ganas
    The Adhaka Vrsni League
    Fate of some major and doubtful entities during and after Mauryan empire
    The Arjunayanas
    The Malavas
    The Yaudheyas
    The Sibis
    The Kunindas
    The Audumbaras
    The Vrsnis
Republican Trends in the Non-political Organizations
    The organization of the Buddhist Samgha
    The process of accession and the principle of hegemony in Jainism
    Seals and Sealings of the Buddhist Samgha
    Republican trends in the trade guilds
    The importance and status of the Setthis
    Srenis in South India
    Republican trends in educational institutions
    The Parisads
Strength and Drawbacks of the Republics of India
    Synthetic organization of the republics
    Longevity of the republics
    Moral assets
    Ultra-democratic methods of administration
    Advanced methods of legislation
    Methods of Voting
    Freedom of opinion
    Common customs and law courts
    Love for constitutionality
    Material prosperity
    Military strength
    Drawbacks of the ganas
    Internal dissentions
    Extreme decentralization
    Foreign policy of the republics
The Disappearance of the Republics
    Effect of the Buddha's teachings
    The effect of universal religion on society
    The growing power of the kings
    Revival of old religious ideals and rise of Arthasastra school
    Effect of Greek invasion
    Disunity of the republics
    The rise of the Gupta Empire
Legacy of the Republics of Ancient India
    Sovereignty of Dharma and Law
    Independent village Pancas
    The legacy of the trade guild's tradition
    Unity in the essential
Bibliography

Index

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