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Samarangana Sutradhara of Bhojadeva: An Ancient Treatise on Architecture in Two Volumes)

Samarangana Sutradhara of Bhojadeva: An Ancient Treatise on Architecture in Two Volumes)

Specifications

Item Code: IDJ479

by Sudarshan Kumar Sharma

Hardcover (Edition: 2007)

Parimal Publications
ISBN 8171103022

Language: (With An Introduction, Sanskrit Text, Verse by Verse English Translation and Notes
Size: 9.5 X" 7.3"
Pages: 1144
weight of the book is 2.3 kg
Price: $125.00   Shipping Free - 4 to 6 days
Viewed times since 17th Jun, 2014

Description

From the Jacket

Sri Bhojadeva was first and foremost a man of great learning, a versatile scholar, a polymath indeed, for he has been credited with works in almost every branch of knowledge. According to Ajada who wrote a commentary named Padakaprakasa on Sarasvati Kanthabharana, Bhoja wrote 84 works giving them names with his own titles and binds.

Of the various works ascribed to him, Samarangana Sutradhara is a voluminous treatise, an architectural masterpiece, dealing with technical subjects such as town planning, house architecture, temple architecture and sculptural subjects like Pratima Laksana, Iconography, Iconometry, Iconoplastic art together with Mudras, the different hand poses and the poses of the body as well as the postures of legs. It deals with the canons of painting and devotes a big chapter to the art of mechanical contrivances, the Yantras.

Samarangana Sutradhara is in eighty three chapters with chapter thirty one specializing in the mechanical contrivances and Yantras, having verses 95-100 dealing with the construction of bird shaped aerial cars and verses 101-107 dealing with the Robots meant to act as guards.

This is the first time that an English translation of this great architectural work has been attempted with various annotations and the complete original Sanskrit text. This is definitely a landmark in the field of ancient Indian architecture.

About the Author

Dr. Sudarshan Kumar Sharma is B. A. (Hons.), M. A. Ph. D he completed his graduation from D. A. V. College Jalandhar in 1955 with First class first in Sanskrit (Hons.) and post-graduation in 1958 from Deptt. Of Sanskrit, Punjab University, Jalandhar.

In 1961, he joined as regular lecturer in Sanskrit and served various colleges at Chandigarh, Bhatinda, Bhatinda, Jalandhar etc., in his long teaching carrer. Finally, he retired as Principal, Govt. College, Fazilka, Punjab. He has a number of books to his credit. Prominent among them are-

1. Tilakamanjari of Dhanapala-A Critical and Cultural Study.
2. Mrcchakatika of Sudraka - A Critical and Cultural Study.
3. Karnabharam and Madhyam-vyayoga of Bhasa (Sanskrit text with English and Hindi translation)
4. Yajnaphalam of Bhasa (Sanskrit text with English and Hindi translation). 5. Udayasundari Katha of Soddhala (Sanskrit text with English translation).

6. Mandaramanjari of Visvesvara Pandeya (Sanskrit text with English translation).

7. Brhatkatha-sloka-samgraha of Buddhasvamin (Sanskrit text with English translation).

He had been an active participator at various Oriental conferences and Seminars held in the past at various places of India. His research papers and journals have been published in almost all magazines and elicitation volumes.

Since his retirement, he has been an active writer and doing critical translations of various rare books. His forthcoming books are-Garuda Purana (Sanskrit Text with English Translation), Vayu Purana (Sanskrit Text with English Translation), Brhat-katha-manjari (Sanskrit Text with English Translation), Kalki Purana (Sanskrit Text with English Translation), Kalki Purana (Sanskrit Text with English Translation), Avantisundari-katha (Sanskrit Text with English Translation) etc.

Introduction

According to Dr. Pratipala Bhatia Munja's nephew Maharajadhiraja Kaviraja Sista Siromani Dharesvara, Sri Bhojadeva was first and foremost a man of great learning, a versatile scholar, a polymath indeed, for he has been credited with works in almost every branch of knowledge. According to Ajada who wrote a commentary named Padakaprakasa on Sarasvati Kanthabharana, Bhoja wrote 84 works giving them names with his own titles and binds. Prabhacandra Suri Prabhavaka Carita refers to Bhoja's works in several branches of learning. Of the works ascribed to him, the authorship of the following can be traced with Rajamartanda a commentary on Patanjali's Yogasutra, Sarasvati Kanthabharana (grammar) and Sarasvati Kanthabharana (Poetics), Srngara Prakasa (Poetics and Dramaturgy), Tattva Prakasa (a manual on Agamic Saivas), Brhadrajamartanda (dharmasastra grantha), Rajamrganka (medicine), and a work on Astronomy (1042 A. D.) Dr. Mahesh Singh also details the works of Bhoja as under:

I. Anthology - Subhasita Prabandha.

II. Architecture - Samarangana Sutradhara
III. Astronomy and Astrology - Aditya Pratapa Siddhanta: Rajamartanda: Rajamrganka (Karna) Vidvajnanavallabha (Prasna Vijnana)
IV. Dharmasastra, Rajadharma and Polity - Bhujabula (Nibandha) Bhupala Paddhati. Bhupala Samuccaya or Krtyasamuccaya. Canakyanitih or Dandanitih. Cauncarya; Vyavahara Samuccaya; Yuktikalpataru; Purtamartanda; Rajamartanda; Rajanitih.

V. Grammar - Sabdanusasana.
VI. Lexicography - Namamalika
VII. Medicine - Ayurveda Sarvasva; Rajamartanda or Yogasara Samgraha Rajamrgarika; Salihotra; Visranta Vidyavinoda.

VIII. Music - Sangita Prakasa.
IX. Philosophy - Rajamartanda - a commentary on Patanjali's Yoga Sutra; Rajamartanda (Vedanta); Siddhanta Samgraha; Siddhanta Sara Paddhati; Siva Tattva ratnakalika; Tattva Prakasa or (Siva tattva Prakasika)
X. Prakrta poems - Kurmastaka 2 vols.
XI. Sarasvati Kanthabharana - Srngara Prakasa
XII. Sanskrit poetry and prose - Campuramayana; Mahakalivijaya; Srngara Manjari and Vidyavinoda - only 38 composition. Though K. M. Munshi and Dr. Ganguly doubt the handiwork of Bhoja on all. A general editor he may have been.
Samarangana Sutradhara is a voluminous treatise dealing with technical subjects such as town planning, house architecture, temple architecture and sculptural subjects like Pratima Laksana, Iconography, Iconometry, Iconoplastic art together with Mudras, the different hand poses and the poses of the body as well as the postures of legs. It deals with the canons of painting and devotes a big chapter to the art of mechanical contrivances. The Yantras. The Yukti Kalpataru (also architecture, arts and crafts) Srngara manjari katha (an akhyayika in prose). The Vyavahara-manjari referred to by Vimalabodha, a commentator or Bhoja Campu, Avani Kumara Sataka (having two Prakrta poems engraved on a stone slab in Bhojasala at Dhara) each having 109 stanzas in Aryamitra! Vidvajnanavallabha Prasna Jnana (predictions on dreams), Nama Malika and Salihotra (lexicography and veterinary science). A work on music quoted by N. P. Cakravarty records two Prakrta poems engraved on a stone slab in the Bhojasala.

Samarangana Sutradhara is in eighty three chapters with chapter thirty one specializing in the mechanical contrivances and Yantras, having verses 95-100 dealing with the construction of bird shaped aerial cars and verses 101-107 dealing with the Robots meant to act as guards.

i.e. Having made a wooden large bird having body very stout and well knit, in the interior or abdomen of that one mercury, one may pour down. In its lower portion the fire place having fire filled in-

i.e. mounted over or into that the man by the breeze released owing to flapping of wings twain by the energy of its mercury, taking to marvels -flies far away into the sky. Samarangana Sutradhara, GOSE, pp. 183-184).

A wooden bird in whose hollow body is placed a copper contrivance one inch long and one quarter inch high, of slender cylindrical shape in two well joined halves allowing a hole at the centre along which air passes when the bird moves creating a pleasing sound.

Also in the hollow of the bird above, mentioned is placed a small drum like piece in halves and with an air passage as in the previous Yantra; the interior device is to be loosely hung and as the bird oscillates a highly pleasing sound is created which reduces the anger of the ladies who are cross.

Having created by a brace of well knit pieces having shape of a small drum (placed) inside, having a hole, a concavity softer one deserves to be made, in centre with a brace of ear penduncles or coils entwined as such in the mechanical contrivance already spoken of having a hollow, in a systematic manner, contrived as such. Then this bedroom accessory owing to mobility or fluctuation creates a sound that creates a thrill for a sport of love.

According to Dr. Narayana Manilal Kansara - The word "Vastu" literally means a place of residence or a house site and a house proper. Varahamihira uses "Vastu" in the strictly limited sense of a residential building. (Vastu Vidyadhyaya) (No. 53) Verse 2 and 3 refers to the "Vastu" nara as (p. 317).

Or "Vastu Purusa' referred to by L. S. Rajgopalan in the article (p. 24) entitled Construction of the Kuttambalam Temple Theatres - of Kerala from (Trichur). (Samskrta Ranga Annual Vol. VIII, Silver Jubilee Volume (1980-1987). Edited by Dr. S. S. Janaki. The Sanskrit Ranga, High Road, Mylapore, Chennai.

CONTENTS

CHAPTER 1
Mahasamagamana (The Insurgence of Mahasama (Prthivi)1
CHAPTER 2
The conversation between Visvakarma and his sons (Manasa Putras)6
CHAPTER 3
Prasna i.e. A Questionnaire9
CHAPTER 4
The creation of the Mahat etc. (The Description of Creation)22
CHAPTER 5
Bhuvana-kosa28
CHAPTER 6
Sahadevadhikara (Bhavana Janma Katha)46
CHAPTER 7
The Segregation of Varnas and Asramas (The order of Society & the stages of life)53
CHAPTER 8
Bhumi Pariksa60
CHAPTER 9
Hasta Laksanam74
CHAPTER 10
The founding of a city82
CHAPTER 11
Vastu-traya Vibhaga (The Division of Triad of Architectural Establishments)109
CHAPTER 12
The determination of the Nadis and Siras or Siras115
CHAPTER 13
Marma Vedha (The obstruction regarding the vulnerable points i.e. precautions against vulnerable points in Architectural structure)123
CHAPTER 14
The decision regarding the glossary of words (in respect) of deities or gods and the variety of limbs of the House God or the gods permeating the limbs of the House God (Vastupurusa)128
CHAPTER 15
Rajanivesah (The planning of the Kings' Abode)135
CHAPTER 16
Vana Pravesa (The wood supply or timer requirements)145
CHAPTER 17
The observations on the Indra's Banner (marking Indra's victory over the asuras - a symbolic illustration of victory of good over evil)158
CHAPTER 18
The nomenclature of Nagara or Town and the like194
CHAPTER 19
The Illustration of Catussala i.e. square round buildings or four apartmented building or four chambered houses206
CHAPTER 20
Fruits of the designation of Samghaaaa, the three chambered and two chambered houses, the fruit of the auspicious houses, the fruit of balconies or the good effects of balconies and the names of Chattra and the likes. The fruit of the high and low landed buildings246
CHAPTER 21
Fruits of the designation of Samghaaaa, the three chambered and two chambered houses, the fruit or the auspicious houses, the fruit of balconies or the good effects of balconies and the names of Chattra and the likes. The fruit of the high and low landed buildings.252
CHAPTER 22
The definition of two chambered houses261
CHAPTER 23
The Definition of single chambered houses270
CHAPTER 24
The definition of door, pedestal, wall, measurements, the art of wood planking and defective or deficient buildings276
CHAPTER 25
The enumeration of the number of all the houses283
CHAPTER 26
About Income and Expenditure306
CHAPTER 27
Sabhasaakam (Eight Assemblies)319
CHAPTER 28
The extends of the household materials321
CHAPTER 29
Sayanasana Laksana330
CHAPTER 30
Rajagrha (The King's Palace)341
CHAPTER 31
Named Yantravidhanam (Dealing with the Preparation of Mechanical Contrivances)363
CHAPTER 32
The Elephant Stud or Equery for Tuskers407
CHAPTER 33
The Equery of Steeds409
CHAPTER 34
Practicable and impracticable materials420
CHAPTER 35
The Rite named the laying of Foundation Stones428
CHAPTER 36
The Offering of Bali to the Gods436
CHAPTER 37
Kilaka Sutrapata (the insertion of nails and threads)440
CHAPTER 38
Vastusamsthana matrka453
CHAPTER 39
The defects and merits of doors or qualities and disqualification's of doors and gates457
CHAPTER 40
The Measurement of a Pedestal or Basement457
CHAPTER 41
Cayavidhih - The edifice laying469
CHAPTER 42
The Ritual of Propitiatory Rites474
CHAPTER 43
The Fruit of the damage in a door485
CHAPTER 44
The definition of Eight Components497
CHAPTER 45
The definition of Eight components497
CHAPTER 46
Toranabhangadi Santikah (The pacificatory Rite on the collapse of an arched portal)504
CHAPTER 47
The pre-requisites of a Vedi510
CHAPTER 48
The observations on the defects of building constructions513
CHAPTER 49
The definition of Prasadas such as Rucaka534
CHAPTER 50
The good and bad indication of Prasadas565
Second Volume
CHAPTER 51
The Foundation of shrines1
CHAPTER 52
The specific names of the Prasadas5
CHAPTER 53
The Inferior Gates of the Buildings9
CHAPTER 54
The measurement of the doors of the Prasadas11
CHAPTER 55
The Illustration of sixty four Prasadas headed by Rucaka28
CHAPTER 56
The Illustration of sixty four Prasadas headed by Rucaka51
CHAPTER 57
A twenty counting of Meru and others95
CHAPTER 58
The panegyric of palaces123
CHAPTER 59
The Definition of vimanas amounting sixty four126
CHAPTER 60
The Definition of Thirty six Prasadas headed by Sri Kuta 160
CHAPTER 61
Pitha Pancaka Laksanam175
CHAPTER 62
The definition of Dravida Prasadas 185
CHAPTER 63
Meru and others Vimsika nagara prasadas (the twenty town buildings of the norm of Meru)214
CHAPTER 64
The Pre-requisites of Prasadas such as Digbhadra230
CHAPTER 65
The Illustration of Prasadas sprung over the Earth247
CHAPTER 66
The Definition of a Mandapa i.e. a Pavilion274
CHAPTER 67
The definition of 27 pavilions (Mandapas)284
CHAPTER 68
The allocation of specific parts to the land299
CHAPTER 69
Features of 39 kinds of Jagati307
CHAPTER 70
The illustration of images on the pedestal of a Siva phallus335
CHAPTER 71
"Cittrodesa" The Painting Art355
CHAPTER 72
Bhumibandha (Seasoning of the wall of painting)358
CHAPTER 73
Lepyakarma and the like (moulding, making models) or plastering365
CHAPTER 74
Andaka Pramana parabola and the measurement specified for the drawings for the human ace369
CHAPTER 75
Origination of the measurement of a sketch (Manotpattih)372
CHAPTER 76
Description of Idols377
CHAPTER 77
The definition or signs of the provision of weapons and forms of gods and the like385
CHAPTER 78
The signification of signs of the provision of weapons and forms of gods and the like385
CHAPTER 79
The sings of straight and suitable spots of Installation399
CHAPTER 80
Vaisnavadisthanalaksana (the illustration of installation of Vaisnava and the like)421
CHAPTER 81
The Illustration of Five Robots men and women427
CHAPTER 82
The observation on the pre-requisites of sentiments431
CHAPTER 83
The definition of sixty four Hastas such as Pataka436
APPENDIX471
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