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The Satapatha Brahmana (In Five Volumes)

The Satapatha Brahmana (In Five Volumes)


Item Code: NAC457

by Julius Eggeling

Hardcover (Edition: 1882)

Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Private Limited, Delhi
ISBN 9788120801134

Language: English Translation Only
Size: 8.8 Inch X 5.7 Inch
Pages: 2551
Weight of the Book: 3.77 Kg
Price: $125.00   Shipping Free - 4 to 6 days
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II Part ISBN: 9788120801271
III Part ISBN: 9788120801423
IV Part ISBN: 9788120801448
V Part ISBN: 9788120801455


The translator of the Satapatha- Brahmana can be under no illusion as to the reception his production is likely to meet with at the hand of the general reader. In the whole range of literature few works are probably less calculated to excite the interest of any outside the very limited number of specialists, than the ancient theological writings of the Hindus, known by the name of Brahmanas. For wearisome prolixity of exposition, characterised by dogmatic assertion and a flimsy symbolism rather than by serious reasoning, these works are perhaps not equalled anywhere; unless, indeed, it be by the speculative vapourings of the Gnostics, than which, in the opinion of the learned translators of Trenaus, ‘nothing more absurd has probably ever been imagined by rational beings .‘ If I have, nevertheless, undertaken, at the request of the Editor of the present Series, what would seem to be a rather thankless task, the reason will be readily understood by those who have taken even the most cursory view of the history of the Hindu mind and institutions.

The Brahmanas, it is well known, form our chief, if not our only, source of information regarding one of the most important periods in the social and mental development of India. They represent the intellectual activity of a sacerdotal caste which, by turning to account the religious instincts of a gifted and naturally devout race, had succeeded in transforming a primitive worship of the powers of nature into a highly artificial system of sacrificial ceremonies, and was ever intent on deepening and extending its hold on the minds of the people, by surrounding its own vocation with the halo of sanctity and divine inspiration.

A complicated ceremonial, requiring for its proper observance and consequent efficacy the ministrations of a highly trained priestly class, has ever been one of the most effective means of promoting hierarchical aspirations. Even practical Rome did not entirely succeed in steering clear of the rock of priestly ascendancy attained by such-like means. There, as elsewhere, ‘the neglect or faulty performance of the worship of each god revenged itself in the corresponding occurrence; and as it was a laborious and difficult task to gain even a knowledge of one’s religious obligations, the priests who were skilled in the law of divine things and pointed out its requirements—the pontifices—could not fail to attain an extraordinary influence ‘. ‘The catalogue of the duties and privileges of the priest of Jupiter might well find a place in the Talmud. ‘The rule— that no religious service can be acceptable to the gods, unless it be performed without a flaw—was pushed to such an extent, that a single sacrifice had to be repeated thirty times in succession on account of mistakes again and again committed; and the games, which formed part of the divine service, were regarded as undone, if the presiding magistrate had committed any slip in word or deed, or if the music even had paused at a wrong time, and so had to be begun afresh, frequently for several, even as many as seven, times in succession’ Great, however, as was the influence acquired by the priestly colleges of Rome, ‘it was never forgotten—least of all in the case of those who held the highest position—that their duty was not to command, but to tender skilled advice .‘ The Roman statesmen submitted to these transparent tricks rather from considerations of political expediency than from religious scruples; and the Greek Polybius might well say that ‘the strange and ponderous ceremonial of Roman religion was invented solely on account of the multitude which, as reason had no power over it, required to be ruled by signs and wonders .‘

The devout belief in the efficacy of invocation and sacrificial offering which pervades most of the hymns of the Rig-veda, and which may be assumed to reflect pretty faithfully the religious sentiments of those amongst whom they were composed, could not but ensure to the priest, endowed with the gift of sacred utterance, a considerable amount of respect and reverence on the part of the people. His superior culture and habitual communion with the divine rulers of the destinies of man would naturally entitle him to a place of honour by the side of the chiefs of clans, or the rulers of kingdoms, who would not fail to avail themselves of his spiritual services, in order to secure the favour of the gods for their warlike expeditions or political undertakings. Nor did the Vedic bard fail to urge his claims on the consideration and generosity- of those in the enjoyment of power and wealth. He often dwells on the supernatural virtues of his compositions and their mysterious efficacy in drawing down divine blessings on the pious worshipper. In urging the necessity of frequent and liberal offerings to the gods, and invoking worldly blessings on the offered, the priestly bard may often be detected pleading his own cause along with that of his employer, as Kanva does when he sings (Rigveda VIII, 13), ‘Let him be rich, let him be foremost, the bard of the rich, of so illustrious a Maghavan’ as thou, 0 lord of the bay steeds!’ Though the Dana-stutis, or verses extolling, often in highly exaggerated terms, the munificence of princely patrons, and generally occurring at the end of hymns, are doubtless, as a rule, later additions, they at least show that the sacerdotal office must have been, or must gradually have become during this period, a very lucrative one.

Although there is no reason to suppose that the sacrificial ceremonial was in early times so fully developed as some scholars would have us believe, the religious service would seem to have been already of a sufficiently advanced nature to require some kind of training for the priestly office. In course of time, while the collection of hymns were faithfully handed down as precious heirlooms in the several families, and were gradually enriched by the poetical genius of succeeding generations, the ceremonial became more and more complicated, so as at last to necessitate the distribution of the sacerdotal functions among several distinct classes of priests. Such a distribution of sacrificial duties must have taken place before the close of the period of the hymns, and there can be little doubt that at that time the position of the priesthood in the community was that of a regular profession, and even, to some extent, a hereditary one. A post of peculiar importance, which seems to go back to a very early time, was that of the Purohita (literally ‘praepositus ‘), or family priest to chiefs and kings. From the comparatively modest position of a private chaplain, who had to attend to the sacrificial obligations of his master, he appears to have gradually raised himself to the dignity of, so to say, a minister of public worship and confidential adviser of the king. It is obvious that such a post was singularly favourable to the designs of a crafty and ambitious priest, and must have offered him exceptional opportunities for promoting the hierarchical aspirations of the priesthood.

Content: Part I

Introduction ix
First Kanda
Darsapurnamaseshti, or New and Full-moon Sacrifices 1
Vow of Abstinence 1
Preparation of Offerings 6
Leading forth of Pranitah 6
Taking out of rice for the cakes 11
Preparation of strainers and consecration of the rice by sprinkling with lustral water 19
Husking and grinding of the rice 23-38
Putting on of the potsherds 32
Preparation and baking of the cakes 42
Preparation of the Altar 47
Samishtayagus, or throwing away of the grass-bush 55
Lines of enclosure 59
Cleaning of spoons 67
Girding of the sacrificer’s wife and eyeing of the butter 71
The offering-spoons 78
Covering of the altar with sacrificial grass 83
Enclosing of the fire with the Paridhis 87
Kindling of the Fire 95
The Pravara, or choosing of Human Hotri 114
Agharau, or two libations of ghee 124
The Pravara, or choosing of Human Hotri 131
Prayagas, or fore-offerings 138
Agyabhagau, or two butter-portions to Agni-Soma 159
Special Preliminary Rites of New-moon Sacrifice 175
Chief Offering, viz. 190
Cake to Agni 199
Low-voiced offering (upamsuyaga) to Agni-Soma.
Cake to Agni-Soma at Full-moon Sacrifice.
Cake to Indra-Agni, or Samnayya to Indra at New-moon Sacrifice.
Oblation to Agni Svishtakrit 199
Brahman’s portions 208
Ida 216
Anuyagas, or after-offerings 230
Suktavaka, Samyuvaka, and offering of remains 236
Patnisamyagas 256
Concluding ceremonies 262
Second Kanda
Agnyadhana, or Establishment of Sacred Fires 274
Sambharas 276
Asterisms suitable for Agnyadhana 282
Seasons suitable for Agnyadhana 289
Upavasatha 291
Churning and laying down of fire 294
Oblations 302
Punaradheya, or Re-establishment of Fire 313
Agnihotra, or Morning and Evening Milk-offerings 322
Agnyupasthana, or Worship of Fires 338
Pindapitriyagna, or oblation of Obsequial Cakes to Deceased Ancestors 361
Agrayaneshti, or Offering of First-fruits 369
Dakshayana (New and Full-moon) Sacrifice 374
Katurmasyani, or Seasonal Sacrifices 383
Vaisvadeva 384
Varunapraghasah 391
Sakamedhah 408
Mahahavih, or great oblation 417
Maha-pitriyagna 420
Oblation to Rudra Tryambaka 437
Sunasirya 444
Additions and Corrections 452
Transliteration of Oriental Alphabets adopted for the Translations of the Sacred Books of the East 453
Contents: Part II
Introduction xi
Third Kanda
A. Day (or Days) of Preparation Diksha, or Consecration 1
Prayaniyeshti, or Opening Sacrifice 47
Hiranyavati-ahuti, or Offering with Gold; and Homage to Soma-cow 52
Purchase of Soma-plants 63
Procession and Entrance of King Soma 75
Subrahmanya-litany 81
Atithya, or Guest-meal to King Soma 85
Tanunaptra, or Covenant of Tanunapat 93
Avantara-diksha, or Intermediary Consecration 97
Upasadah, or Homages (sieges) 104
Preparation of Soma-altar with High-altar 111
Agni-pranayana, or Leading Forward of the Fire to the High-altar 121
Construction of Sheds, and Preparation of Pressing-place and Dhishnya-hearths126
Havirdhana, or Cart-shed 126
Uparava, or Sound-holes 135
Sadas, or Tent 140
Dhishnya-hearths 148
Vaisargina-offerings, and Leading Forward of Agni and Soma (to Agnidhra) 155
Animal Sacrifice 162
Setting up of Sacrificial Stake 162
Slaying of Viction 178
Fore-offerings with Aprt-verses 184
Offering of Omentum (vapa) 190
Pasu-purodasa, or Cake-offering 199
Cutting and offering of Flesh-portions 201
Offering of gravy (vasa) 205
Offering to Vanaspati 208
After-offerings 210
Purificatory Bath, &c. 215
Ekadasini, or Set of Eleven Victims 217
Vasativari-water 222
B. Day of Soma-feast.
Pratar-anuvaka, or Morning-prayer; and Preparatory Ceremonies 226
Pratah-savana, or Morning-pressing:-
Preliminary Pressing 238
Nigrabhya-water 242
Nigrabha-formula 245
Fourth Kanda
Upamsu-graha 248
Great Pressing:-
Antaryama-graha 257
Aindravayava-graha 265
Maitravaruna-graha 265
Asvina-graha 272
Sukra-and Manthi-grahas 278
Agrayana-graha 288
Ukthya-graha 292
Vaisvanara- and Dhruva-grahas 298
Viprud-homa, or Oblation of Drops 305
Bahishpavamana-stotra 307
Asvina-graha 312
Offering of Savaniya-purodasah 314
Ritu-grahas, or Libations to the Seasons 318
Aindragna-graha 322
Vaisvadeva-graha 323
Agya-sastra 325
Madhyandina-savana, or Midday-pressing 331
Sukra and Manthin; Agrayana and Ukthya-grahas 332
Marutvatiya-grahas 334
Mahendra-graha 338
Dakshina-Somas 340
Tritiya-savana, or Evening-pressing 350
Asvina-graha 351
Agrayana-graha 355
Savitra-graha 357
Vaisvadeva-graha 359
Offering of karu (rice-pap) to Soma 363
Patnivata-graha 365
Agnimaruta-sastra 369
Hariyogana-graha 370
Concluding Ceremonies 374
Samishtayagus 374
Avabhritha, or Purificatory Bath 378
Udayaniya-ishti 386
Udavasaniya-ishti, or Completing Oblation 389
Offering of Barren Cow 391
C. Additional Forms of Soma-sacrifice
Shodasin 397
Dvadasaha 402
Atigrahyas 402
Avakasas 409
Triratra sahasradakshina 414
Dvadasaha vyudha-khandas 418
Amsu-graha 423
Gavam ayanam 426
Mahavratiya-graha 429
Brahma-saman 434
Diksha, or Consecration, for Sacrificial Sessions 440
Sattrotthana, or Rising from a Session 447
Katurhoti-formulas 452
Brahmodya 452
Index to Part I and II (Vols. XII & XXVI) 457
Additions and Corrections 474
Plan of Sacrificial Ground 475
Transliteration of Oriental Alphabets adopted for the Translations of the Sacred Books of the East477
Contents: Part III
Introduction xi
Fifth Kanda
A. The Vagapeya 1
The Cups (graha) of Soma 5
The Cups of Sura 8
Animal Victims 11
Consecration 17
Chariot-race 17
Apti and Klipti-formulas 29
The Mounting of the Sacrificial Post by the Sacrificial and his Wife 31
The Seating on the Throne-seat35
Vaga-prasavaniya-oblations 37
Uggiti (victory)-formulas 40
B. The Ragasuya, or Inauguration of a King 42
Preliminary offerings 42
Seasonal-offerings 47
Indraturiya-oblation 50
Trishamyukta-offerings 54
Ratna-havimshi, or Jewel-offerings 58
Offering to Soma and Rudra 65
Offering to Mitra and Brihaspati 66
Savitri Satyaprasava, Agni Grihapat 68
Soma Vanaspati, Brihaspati Vak, Indra Gyeshtha, Rudra Pasupati 70
Mitra Satya, Varuna Dharmapati 71
Preparation of the Censecration Water 73
Partha-oblations 81
Investing of the King with the Consecration Garments, the Bow and Arrows 85
Avid-formulas 89
Ascending of the Quarters 91
Stepping on the Tiger-skin 92
The Sprinkling (Abhisheka) 94
The Cow-raid 98
Rathavimokaniya-oblations 101
Game of Dice 106
The Passing Round of the Sacrificial Sword 110
Dasapeya 114
Samsrip-oblations 115
Pankabila-oblations 120
Prayugam havimshi (Oblations to the Teams) 123
Kesavapaniya 126
Sautramani 129
Sixth Kanda
Agni-kayana, or Building of the Fire-altar 143
Creation of the Universe 143
Animal Sacrifices 165
Layers and Bricks of the Altar 186
Savitra Libations 190
The Search for Agni (the Lump of Clay) 197
The Digging 203
The Making of the Fire-pan (ukha) 229
Diksha, or Initiation 246
The Raising and Carrying of the Ukhya Agni 265
The Fashioning of the Embryonic Agni 273
The Vishnu-strides 275
Vatsapra 283
The Driving-about of the Ukhya Agni 289
Seventh Kanda
Agni-kayana (continued)
Garhapatya-hearth 298
Pouring thereon of the Ukhya Agni 310
Altar of Nirriti 319
Preparation of the (Ahavaniya) Fire-altar 325
Ploughing, Watering, and Sowing of Ground 326
Bricks of the First Layer 355
Lotus-leaf 363
Gold Plate 364
Gold Man 366
Svayam-atrinna Brick 377
Durva Plant 380
Dviyagus Bricks 381
Retahsik Bricks 383
Visvagyotis Brick 384
Ritavya Bricks 386
Ashadha Brick 387
Mortar and Pestle 393
Fire-pan 396
Victims Heads 400
Apasya Bricks 413
Khandasya Bricks 414
Corrections 418
Plan of Fire-altar 419
Transliteration of Oriental Alphabets adopted for the Translations of the Sacred Books of the East 421
Contents- Part IV
Introduction xiii
Eight Kanda
The Building of the Sacred Fire-altar (continued)
First Layer (continued):- 1
Pranabhrit (5 sets of 10 each) 1
Lokamprina 22
Second Layer:- 22
Asvini (5) 23
Ritavya (2) 29
Vaisvadevi (5) 30
Pranabhrit (5) 33
Apasya (5) 34
Khandasya (19) 36
Lokamprina 41
Third Layer:- 41
Svayamatrinna (1) 42
Disya (5) 43
Visvagyotis (1) 47
Ritavya (4) 48
Pranabhrit (10) 51
Khandasya (36) 51
Valakhilya (14) 54
Lokamprina 58
Fourth Layer:-58
Stoma (18) 59,77
Sprit (10) 66
Ritavya (2) 70
Srishfi (17) 71
Lokamprina 82
Fifth Layer:- 82
Asapatna (5) 83
Khandasya, or Virag (4 sets of 10 each) 83, 87
Stomabhaga (29) 92
Nakasad (5)97
Pankakuda (5) 103
Khandasya (10 sets of 3 each) 109
Garhapatya hearth (8) 117
Punaskiti (8) 119
Ritavya (2)125
Visvagyotis 129
Lokamprina (1) 131
Vikarni (1) 141
Svayamatrinna (1) 142
Samans sung thereon 145
Scattering of 100 chips of gold on altar 146
Symbolical meaning of layers 147
Ninth Kanda
Satarudriya 150, 156
Oblations on three enclosing-stones 158
Avatana (unstringing) libations 163
Pratyavaroha (redescending) libations 164
Sprinkling of altar 169
Throwing of stone towards Nirriti’s quarter 171
Taking possession of the bricks, as milch cows 172
Drawing of frog, lotus-flower, and bamboo-shoot across that altar 174
Samans sung round the altar 177
Day of Preparation for Soma-sacrifice 181
Libations on Svayamatrinna 182
Sprinkling of altar with sour curds, honey and ghee 184
Pravargya 187
Leading forward of Agni to the Altar 188
Oblations of ghee on udumbara logs 189
Lifting of log, setting forth, Apratirtha hymn 191
Setting up of variegated stone on Agnidhra site 195
Mounting of Fire-altar 198
Milk-offering on firebrand 200
Laying down of, and putting logs on, Ahavaniya fire 202
Oblations thereon 204
Installation and Consecration of Agni 207
Cakes to Vaisvanara and Maruts 207
Vasor dhara, or shower of wealth 213
Ardhendra and Graha oblations 216
Yagnakratus 217
Oblations to Stomas and age-grades 217
Kalpa (prospering) libations220
Vagaprasaviya libations 223
Partha libations 225
Consecration of Sacrificer 226
Rashtrabhrit oblations 229
Oblations on head of chariot 233
Yoking of chariot with oblations of air 235
Runmati (lightsome) oblations 237
Arkasvamedha-samtati oblations 239
Preparatory Rites of Soma-sacrifice 241
Building of Dhishnya hearths 241
Agnishomiya (animal) sacrifice 245
Oblations to Regions 245
Oblations to Divine Quickeners (devasti) 246
Pasupurodasa-offering 248
Sutya, or Day of Soma-sacrifice 249
Agniyoga, or yoking of Fire-altar 249
Pressing and offering of Soma 251
Unyoking of Fire-altar 252
Milk for fast-food 255
Samishtayagus oblations 257
Udayaniya, and offering of barren cow 263
Cake to Order (Pragapati and the sun) 264
Oblations to goddesses Anumati, Raka, Sinivali and Kuhu 264
Pasupurodasa and concluding ceremonies of offering of barren cow 265
Vaisvakarmana oblations 266
Payasya-offering to Mitra and Varuna 270
Rules for a repeated Agnikayana 271
Propitiatory hymn to Indra and Agni 274
Tenth Kanda
The Mystery of the Fire-altar 281
The traid-Fire altar, Mahad uktham, and Mahavrata 281
Parimad samans 288
Pragapati made immortal 290
Layers of altar partly mortal and partly immortal 292
Agnikayana includes all sacrifices 296
Contraction and expansion of wings of altar (bird) 300
Dimensions of Fire-altar 305
Sevenfold and hundred and one fold altars 313
Time for building the altar 316
Number of Upasad-days 317
Pragapati, the Altar and the Year (Time) 321
The metres in relation to Pragapati 327
Dhira Sataparneya and Mahasala Gabala on the knowledge of Agni 331
Aruni on the mystery of the Arka 333
Mystic import of the Yagus 336
The sacred fire, the Arka, the one Akshara, the great Brahman 343
Pragapati, the year, is Agni, and King Soma, the moon 349
Trayi vidya (the Vedas) 352
Pragapati, the year, as Death 356
The Sacrificer is Pragapati, and immortal 357
Numbers of bricks in layers 358
Session of a thousand years 361
Mystic import of Agni, the Fire-altar 363
The gold plate and gold man as sun and the man in the sun 366
Death, the man in the right eye, and the man in the sun371
Mind, the ultimate cause of the universe 375
The Fire-altar, the universe381
Kusri Vagasravasa on the c onstruction of the altar 390
Asvapati Kaikeya on the nature of Vaisvanara 393
The Agni-like, Arka-like, Uktha-like Purusha 398
The true Brahman, the Self, the golden Purusha400
The sacrificial horse (Pragapati), the universe 401
Death, the ultimate cause 402
Death, the Arka and Asvamedha, conqured by Corrections 404
Transliteration of Oriental Alphabets adopted for the Translations of the Sacred Books of the East 407
Contents: Part V
Introduction xiii
Eleventh Kanda
The Full and New-Moon Sacrifice (Supplementary Remarks)
Time of Sacrifice 1
Additional oblations to Indra Vimridh and Aditi 5
Expiatory oblations (to Agni, Indra, Vishnu0 at New Moon 7
Birth of Pragapati from golden egg 12
He creates Gods (Agni, Indra, Soma, Parameshthin) and Asuras 13
Sacrifice representing universe and man 18
Brahman (n), the origin and immortal element, of gods and universe 27
Sacrifice, the Year 38
The Agnihotra (esoteric doctrines) 46
The Brahmakarin 48
Uddalaka Aruni and Svaidayana 50
Saulvayana and Ayasthuna 61
The Mitravinda Sacrifice 62
Sri dismembered 62
Puruvavas and Urvasi 68
The Seasonal Sacrifices (Katurmasya) 74
Saukeya Prakinayogya and Uddalaka Aruni on the Agnihotra 79
The Upanayana, or Initiation of the Brahmanical Student 86
The Savitri formula 87
The Satatiratra Sattra 91
The Morning-Litany (prataranuvaka) of the Atiratra 92
The Svadhyaya, or Dail Study of the Veda 95
The three Vedas, or triple science 102
The Adabhya Cup of Soma 105
Varuna and his son Bhrigu (on future states of existence) 108
Ganaka of Videha on the Agnihotra112
Yagnavalkya and Sakalya (on the gods and the supreme deity) 115
The Animal Sacrifice, of two kinds 118
The Sacrificial stake (yupa) 123
The Viction and its deity 127
The King of the Kesin and his Samrag-cow 131
Twelfth Kanda
The Sacrificial Session (Sattra) 135
Man, the Year 144
The Tapaskita Sattra 171
Expiatory Ceremonies of the Agnihotra 178
The going out of one of the fires 187
The death of the Agnihotrin 197
The burying of the dead body 200
Expiatory Oblations of Soma-sacrifice 205
The Sautramani 213
Namuki slain by Indra 216, 222
Preparation of the Sura-liquor 223
Oblations of milk and Sura 231
Oblations to the Fathers 234
The Asvina, Sarasvata, and Aindra cups 245
Indraassited and healed by the Asvins and Sarasvati 223, 249
Consecration of Sacrificer 249
Cakes to Indra, Savitri, and Varuna 247, 260
The Avabhritha, or purificatory bath 264
Kakra Sthapati performs Sautramani for Dushtaritu Paumsayana 269
Thirteenth Kanda
The Asvamedha, or Horse-sacrifice 274
Fettering and sprinkling of Horse 276
Stokiya oblations 280
Prakrama oblations 282
Three cake-offerings to Savitri 284
Dhrti oblations 285
Lute-playing by Brahmana and Raganya 285
Diksha, or Initation 289
Vaisvadeva oblations 289
Audgrabhana oblations 291
First Soma-day (Agnishtoma) 295
Annahomas (food oblations) 296
Second Soma-day (Ukthya) 298
Fettering of victioms 298
Bahishpavaman-stotra 304
Setting free of the wild victims 307
Sacrificer drives with Horse to pond of water and back 311
Horse anointed and adorned by Sacrificer’s wives 312
Brahmodya of Hotri and Brahman314
Sprinkling of Horse by Adhvaryu (and Sacrificer) 316
Killing of Horse on cloths and plate of gold 320
Wives led up to circumambulate and fan the Horso 322
Mahishi addresses the Horse 323
Priests’ colloquy with wives 324
The Knife-paths made with needles 326
The two Mahiman Cups of Soma 327
The Chanting of the Katushtoma 329
Aranye-nukya oblations 336
Svishtakrit oblations of blood 337
Oblations to the Deaths 340
Asvastomiya oblations 341
Dvipada oblations 342
Expiatory Offerings 345
Right time for performing the Asvamedha 347
Preliminary Ceremonies:- the mess of rice 348
Sacrificer and wives pass the right in the sacrificial hall 349
Offering to Agni Pathikrit – the mouth of the Sacrifice 350
Offering to Pushan 352
Leading up of the Horse, assisted by its noble keepers 353
Three Savitra offering (performed daily for a year) 355
Brahman lute-player sings three gathas 356
Horse and keepers sent to range the quarters 359
The Pariplava Akhyana, or revolving legend 361-370
Prakrama and Dhriti oblations 363
Raganya lute-player sings three gathas 364
Diksha, or Initiation (at end of year) 371
Sutya-days 372
The set of twenty-one sacrificial stakes 373
The chanting of Gotama’s Katushtoma 375
The Sastras and Stotras of the Central (Ekavimsa) day 377
The animal sacrifices of that day 382
The Adhrigu litany 385
The Mahishi and the Horse 386
Colloquy of priests, chamberlain and women 386
Brahmodya of priests 388
The first Mahimam Cup of Soma 391
The offering of the omenta (vapa) 392
The second Mahiman Cup of Soma 394
The Stotras of the third (Atiratra) day 395
Various Arrangements of the Asvamedha Chants 396
Offering of barren cows 402
Animal sacrifices performed in following year 402
The Purushamedha, or Human Sacrifice 403
Animal sacrifices 404
The (symbolical) human victims 407
Purusha-Narayana litany (Purusha-sukta) 410
Traidhatavi offering 412
Uttara-Narayana litany 412
Enumeration of the human citims 413
The Sarvamedha, or All-Sacrifice 417
The ten Sutya-days thereof 418
Funeral Ceremonies 421
Burial-ground (smasana) 421
Locality of the tomb424
Form and size of the tomb 428
Preparation (sweeping, ploughing, sowing) of the site429
Depositing of charred bones 433
Arranging of bones limb by limb 434
Body completed by bricks, like bird-shaped altar 435
Height of sepulchral mound435
Driving in of pins marking site of mound 436
Furrows, dug south and north, filled with (milk and) water 437
Passing the northern ones on three stones thrown in by each 437
Purification by Apamarga plants and bath 438
Home-going and offering to Agni Ayushmat on housefire 439
Depositing of clod midway between grave and village 440
Fourteenth Kanda
The Pravargya 441
Sacrifical session performed by the gods at Kurukshetra 441
Vishnu excels and becomes overweening 442
Bowstring, gnawed by ants, cuts off his head442
The names ‘Gharma, Pravargya, Mahavira, Samrag’ explained 442
Vishnu’s body divided between the gods 443
Dadhyarik Atharvana warned by Indra not to teach the sweet doctrine 444
His head cut off by Indra, and restored by the Asvins 445
Rule of abstinence observed when teaching the Pravargya 446
Collecting materials for making the Mahavira pot 447
Pragapati, as the boar Emusha, raises the Earth 451
The making of the Mahavira vessels in shed453
The fumigating and baking of the vessels 456
Depositing of vessels and implements in from of Garhapatya 458
The Hotri’s recitation 459
Sprinkling of pot with lustral water 460
The Mahavira’s (imperial) Throne-seat south of Ahavaniya 461
The pot anointed with ghee 462
The pot set down on mound upon burning reed-sheaths 463
The Sacrificer invoking blessings upon the earth 464
Pieces of Vikankata wood laid round, and a gold plant upon the pot 466
Fanning of the fire with three pieces of antelope-skin till aglow 467
Revering of the heated pot with the Avakasa verses 469
Offering of the first Rauhina cake 472
Samrag-cow tied and milked 474
The pot lifted from the fire and placed on the tray 476
Cooling of pot with goat’s milk; 477
Oblations made by (muttering) the (twelve) mind-names 478
Pouring of spilt milk and ghee from tray into pot 481
Oblation to Asvins 482
Anumantrana to the rising milk 484
Mahavira pot placed on mound 485
Offering of the steeped Vikankata chips (to Pushan, &c.) 486
Pouring of remaining milk from pot into tray 488
Offering of the second Rauhina cake 489
Sacrificer drinks the remaining Gharma 489
Cleansing, and performance of Upasad 490
Rules for priests as to how and for whom to perform the Pravargya 490
Pravargyotsadana, or ‘setting out’ of the implements 493
Kindling of bundles of faggots, and offering thereon 494
Procession led by Prastotri singing a Saman 496
Arrangement of apparatus in form of human body 498
Singing of Varshahara-saman and departure 501
Mode of performance at continued Soma-sacrifices 502
Dakshinas, or sacrificial fees 503
Expiatory ceremonies in case of breaking of pot 504
Laudation of Pravargya 507
Index to Parts III, IV and V 511
Additions and Corrections 591
Transliteration of Oriental Alphabets adopted for the Translations of the Sacred Books of the East 593
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