Subscribe for Newsletters and Discounts
Be the first to receive our thoughtfully written
religious articles and product discounts.
Your interests (Optional)
This will help us make recommendations and send discounts and sale information at times.
By registering, you may receive account related information, our email newsletters and product updates, no more than twice a month. Please read our Privacy Policy for details.
.
Share
Share our website with your friends.
Email this page to a friend
By subscribing, you will receive our email newsletters and product updates, no more than twice a month. All emails will be sent by Exotic India using the email address info@exoticindia.com.

Please read our Privacy Policy for details.
|6
Your Cart (0)
Books > Philosophy > Shankara's Universal Philosophy of Religion
Displaying 986 of 2721         Previous  |  NextSubscribe to our newsletter and discounts
Shankara's Universal Philosophy of Religion
Shankara's Universal Philosophy of Religion
Description

From the Jacket:

The contention of Shankara's Universal Philosophy of Religion, is that man of his very nature has to be concerned with what he considers to be his supreme reality. But the supreme reality is unknown and unknowable. Hence man is thrown into a predicamental situation of knowing the unknowable. This absurd situation has given rise to the doctrines of analogia entis (St. Thomas Aquinas), symbology (Paul Tillich) and picture theories of R.B. Braithwaite and Wittgenstein. But the conclusion of the present author is that even now Shankara is ahead of the stalwart epoch-making thinkers mentioned above.

About the Author:

Y. Masih (b.1916) obtained Ph.D. (Edinburgh), and D. Litt. (Patna) for his works on psychology and philosophy of religion. He was Professor of Philosophy in Magadh University and has an exceptionally long career of teaching in various universities. He has a long list of works to his credit which includes: Freudianism and Religion, A History of Western Philosophy, Introduction to Religious Philosophy, Christian Faith and Philosophy and may others. At present he is working on The Hindu Theology.

Preface

The book presents a new interpretation of Shankara's philosophy of religion and gives a defence of Advaitism in the current language of Western philosophy. The book has two parts. Part (I) deals with the framework of religious language and as such contains the theoretical structure of the subject. Part (II) contains the familiar exposition of Shankara's religious thoughts. Against Paul Deussen and Dasgupta the author contends that theism is an integral part of Shankara's religious philosophy. This contention also shows that Shankara was not a Buddhist in disguise but was an Upanishadic thinker. Against the objections of Ramanuja in the background, the author shows the real nature of the Mithyatva of Mahavakyas in the light of Paul TilIich and Wittgenstein, Samuel Alexander and Russell.

In the first place the author seeks to establish the doctrine of religion a priori in the light of parallel development of religious thought both in Christianity and Hinduism. In the opinion of the author the doctrine of religion a priori firmly stands supported by ontological and psychological considerations.

Secondly, in the light of Christian, Islamic and Upanishadic thoughts it has been maintained that the ultimate reality is unknown and unknowable. Hence, man impelled by his nature as contained in the doctrine of religion a priori, man is thrown into the predicamental situation of trying to know the unknowable. This absurd situation has given rise to the religious philosophies of analogia entis (St. Thomas Aquinas), Symbology (Paul Tillich), picture-theories of R.B. Braithwaite and of Wittgenstein.

Shankara, Paul Tillich and Wittgenstein, all contend that there is a transcendent reality which underlies all that exists and is talked about, which itself is beyond any empirical language whatsoever. Any attempt at talking about Brahman would trivialize. It and so would falsify It. Hence, one has to maintain silence. Of course Advaitic philosophers do talk about Brahman with a view to evoking B-jnana in the hearers. But in the end their talk is nothing but nonsense. But it is significant nonsense since it exhibits the secrets contained in the silence of Brahman. This silence bas the best prospect of ending all religious disputes and confusion.

The author shows that Shankara's religious philosophy includes all that is abiding in the writings of St. Thomas Aquinas, Paul TiIIich and Wittgenstein and in some respects it goes beyond all of them.

Finally, the book shows that the syntax of religious language has to do with the pictures and symbols of the supreme reality, and as such, it should not be assimilated to the language of science and ethics. Proper understanding of the evocative nature of Brahman or God-talk would remove many confusions which beset much of atheistic thinking and the criticism of religion.

CONTENTS

 

Preface vii
1. TOOLS OF RELIGIOUS THOUGHT
  1. Religion A Priori 2
    Christian influence on Hinduism 5; Indian influence on Christianity 11; Ontological theory of religion a priori 19; Organismic theory of man and his psyche 22; Atheism and religion a priori 24
  2. Religious Statements Have Nothing to Do with Truth and Falsity
  3. Religious Statements as Analogical, Pictorial and Symbolical
    God and Brahman are unknown and Unknowable 33; Analogia Entis 37; Paul Tillich's theory of symbolism 39; The theory of symbolism 42; The 'Truth' of symbolic statements 49; The religious philosophy of Ludwig Wittgenstein 52; Paul Tillich, Wittgenstein and Shankara 61

 

1
2. THE RELIGIOUS PHILOSOPHY OF SHANKARA
    Introduction 64; Shankara's monistic philosophy of Brahman 65; Brahman 66; The nature of the Jiva 71; Ahamkara 72; Jiva and Brahma 74;
    Mayavada 77
    The origin of Mayavada 77; The nature of Nescience (Ajnana) 80; The locus of Maya 84; The notion of God 86; Brahma and Ishvara 88; Brahma-Jnana and theistic proofs 91; Ontological proof 92; Cosmological argument 94; Teleological argument 96; Liberation (Moksa) 98; Karmakanda and liberation 100; Worship and liberation 108; Critical comments with regard to Shankara's theism 111; Stages of worship 113; Liberation through Jnana 115; Mithyatva (falsity) of Vedanta-Vakyas and release 118; Mahavakyas and Brahma-Jnana 122; Jivanmukti 125
64
3. THE MODERN RELEVANCE OF SHANKARA
    Relativity of deities 133; Some implications of Shankara's Advaitism 143
130
4. THEORETICAL GAINS
    Shankara and social change 151
146
5. SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION 153
Bibliography 157
Index 160

Sample Pages









 

Of Related Interest:

Life of Shankaracharya - The Adventures of a Poet Philosopher

Click Here for an Exhaustive Collection of Books Relating to Shankaracharya

Click Here for More Books on the Philosophy of Religion

Shankara's Universal Philosophy of Religion

Item Code:
IHD59
Cover:
Hardcover
Edition:
1987
Publisher:
Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.
ISBN:
8121500079
Language:
English
Size:
8.8" X 5.8"
Pages:
171
Other Details:
Weight of the Book: 320 gms
Price:
$23.50   Shipping Free
Add to Wishlist
Send as e-card
Send as free online greeting card
Shankara's Universal Philosophy of Religion

Verify the characters on the left

From:
Edit     
You will be informed as and when your card is viewed. Please note that your card will be active in the system for 30 days.

Viewed 5240 times since 22nd Sep, 2015

From the Jacket:

The contention of Shankara's Universal Philosophy of Religion, is that man of his very nature has to be concerned with what he considers to be his supreme reality. But the supreme reality is unknown and unknowable. Hence man is thrown into a predicamental situation of knowing the unknowable. This absurd situation has given rise to the doctrines of analogia entis (St. Thomas Aquinas), symbology (Paul Tillich) and picture theories of R.B. Braithwaite and Wittgenstein. But the conclusion of the present author is that even now Shankara is ahead of the stalwart epoch-making thinkers mentioned above.

About the Author:

Y. Masih (b.1916) obtained Ph.D. (Edinburgh), and D. Litt. (Patna) for his works on psychology and philosophy of religion. He was Professor of Philosophy in Magadh University and has an exceptionally long career of teaching in various universities. He has a long list of works to his credit which includes: Freudianism and Religion, A History of Western Philosophy, Introduction to Religious Philosophy, Christian Faith and Philosophy and may others. At present he is working on The Hindu Theology.

Preface

The book presents a new interpretation of Shankara's philosophy of religion and gives a defence of Advaitism in the current language of Western philosophy. The book has two parts. Part (I) deals with the framework of religious language and as such contains the theoretical structure of the subject. Part (II) contains the familiar exposition of Shankara's religious thoughts. Against Paul Deussen and Dasgupta the author contends that theism is an integral part of Shankara's religious philosophy. This contention also shows that Shankara was not a Buddhist in disguise but was an Upanishadic thinker. Against the objections of Ramanuja in the background, the author shows the real nature of the Mithyatva of Mahavakyas in the light of Paul TilIich and Wittgenstein, Samuel Alexander and Russell.

In the first place the author seeks to establish the doctrine of religion a priori in the light of parallel development of religious thought both in Christianity and Hinduism. In the opinion of the author the doctrine of religion a priori firmly stands supported by ontological and psychological considerations.

Secondly, in the light of Christian, Islamic and Upanishadic thoughts it has been maintained that the ultimate reality is unknown and unknowable. Hence, man impelled by his nature as contained in the doctrine of religion a priori, man is thrown into the predicamental situation of trying to know the unknowable. This absurd situation has given rise to the religious philosophies of analogia entis (St. Thomas Aquinas), Symbology (Paul Tillich), picture-theories of R.B. Braithwaite and of Wittgenstein.

Shankara, Paul Tillich and Wittgenstein, all contend that there is a transcendent reality which underlies all that exists and is talked about, which itself is beyond any empirical language whatsoever. Any attempt at talking about Brahman would trivialize. It and so would falsify It. Hence, one has to maintain silence. Of course Advaitic philosophers do talk about Brahman with a view to evoking B-jnana in the hearers. But in the end their talk is nothing but nonsense. But it is significant nonsense since it exhibits the secrets contained in the silence of Brahman. This silence bas the best prospect of ending all religious disputes and confusion.

The author shows that Shankara's religious philosophy includes all that is abiding in the writings of St. Thomas Aquinas, Paul TiIIich and Wittgenstein and in some respects it goes beyond all of them.

Finally, the book shows that the syntax of religious language has to do with the pictures and symbols of the supreme reality, and as such, it should not be assimilated to the language of science and ethics. Proper understanding of the evocative nature of Brahman or God-talk would remove many confusions which beset much of atheistic thinking and the criticism of religion.

CONTENTS

 

Preface vii
1. TOOLS OF RELIGIOUS THOUGHT
  1. Religion A Priori 2
    Christian influence on Hinduism 5; Indian influence on Christianity 11; Ontological theory of religion a priori 19; Organismic theory of man and his psyche 22; Atheism and religion a priori 24
  2. Religious Statements Have Nothing to Do with Truth and Falsity
  3. Religious Statements as Analogical, Pictorial and Symbolical
    God and Brahman are unknown and Unknowable 33; Analogia Entis 37; Paul Tillich's theory of symbolism 39; The theory of symbolism 42; The 'Truth' of symbolic statements 49; The religious philosophy of Ludwig Wittgenstein 52; Paul Tillich, Wittgenstein and Shankara 61

 

1
2. THE RELIGIOUS PHILOSOPHY OF SHANKARA
    Introduction 64; Shankara's monistic philosophy of Brahman 65; Brahman 66; The nature of the Jiva 71; Ahamkara 72; Jiva and Brahma 74;
    Mayavada 77
    The origin of Mayavada 77; The nature of Nescience (Ajnana) 80; The locus of Maya 84; The notion of God 86; Brahma and Ishvara 88; Brahma-Jnana and theistic proofs 91; Ontological proof 92; Cosmological argument 94; Teleological argument 96; Liberation (Moksa) 98; Karmakanda and liberation 100; Worship and liberation 108; Critical comments with regard to Shankara's theism 111; Stages of worship 113; Liberation through Jnana 115; Mithyatva (falsity) of Vedanta-Vakyas and release 118; Mahavakyas and Brahma-Jnana 122; Jivanmukti 125
64
3. THE MODERN RELEVANCE OF SHANKARA
    Relativity of deities 133; Some implications of Shankara's Advaitism 143
130
4. THEORETICAL GAINS
    Shankara and social change 151
146
5. SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION 153
Bibliography 157
Index 160

Sample Pages









 

Of Related Interest:

Life of Shankaracharya - The Adventures of a Poet Philosopher

Click Here for an Exhaustive Collection of Books Relating to Shankaracharya

Click Here for More Books on the Philosophy of Religion

Post a Comment
 
Post Review
Post a Query
For privacy concerns, please view our Privacy Policy

Related Items

Sankara The Universal Teacher
by T. R. Ramachandram
Paperback (Edition: 2011)
T. R. Ramachandram
Item Code: NAD077
$20.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
The Philosophy of Religion and Advaita Vedanta: A Comparative Study in Religion and Reason
by Arvind Sharma
Hardcover (Edition: 1997)
Sri Satguru Publications
Item Code: IDE312
$30.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Evolution of Indian Philosophy: Andhra University Philosophical Studies, no. 8
by K. Satchidananda Murtyt
Paperback (Edition: 2007)
D. K. Printworld (P) Ltd.
Item Code: IDI946
$19.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
The Mandukya Upanisad with Gaudapada's Karika and Sankara's (Shankaracharya)  Commentary
by Swami Nikhilananda
Paperback (Edition: 2015)
Advaita Ashrama
Item Code: IDF844
$15.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Problems of Philosophy and Religion (A Rare Book)
by R.K. Tripathi
Paperback (Edition: 1971)
Banaras Hindu University
Item Code: NAG852
$25.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Sri Malayala Swami on Religion and Philosophy (A Rare Book)
by Mahashi Sadguru Srimalayala Swami
Paperback (Edition: 1996)
Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams, Tirupati
Item Code: NAH281
$25.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
The Philosophy and Religion of Sri Caitanya (Chaitanya) (The Philosophical background of the Hare Krishna Movement)
by O.B.L KAPOOR
Hardcover (Edition: 2008)
Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.
Item Code: IHD42
$35.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Religion and Philosophy of the Padma - Purana (An Old Book)
by Dr. Sharda Arya
Hardcover (Edition: 1988)
Nag Publishers
Item Code: IDI075
$30.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Indian Philosophy of Religion 
by A. Ramamurty
Hardcover (Edition: 2016)
D. K. Printworld Pvt. Ltd.
Item Code: IDD282
$23.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
SRI SANKARA (Shankaracharya): HIS LIFE, PHILOSOPHY AND RELEVANCE TO MAN IN MODERN TIMES
by DR. S. SANKARANARAYANAN
Paperback (Edition: 2001)
The Adyar Library And Research Centre
Item Code: IDG124
$32.50
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Nimbarka (A Pre-Samkara Vedantin and His Philosophy)
by Joseph Satyanand
Hardcover (Edition: 1997)
Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.
Item Code: NAF061
$25.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Shankara and Indian Philosophy
by Natalia Isayeva
Hardcover (Edition: 1993)
Sri Satguru Publications
Item Code: NAD715
$24.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Sri Sankara's (Shankaracharya) Teachings In His Own Words
by Swami Atmananda
Paperback (Edition: 1999)
Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan
Item Code: IDE081
$20.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now

Testimonials

I recieved my Mahavir pendant today. It is wonderful. I was recently in Delhi and as it was a spiritual trip visiting Jain temples in Rajasthan, Agra, Rishikesh and Delhi i did not have the opportunity to shop much. The pendant is beautiful and i shall treasure it. I have attached a picture of me in India. Your country and the people will always be in my heart.
Evelyn, Desoto, Texas.
I received my Order this week, It's wonderful. I really thank you very much.
Antonio Freitas, Sao Paulo, Brazil.
I have been ordering from your site for several years and am always pleased with my orders and the time frame is lovely also. Thanks for being such a wonderful company.
Delia, USA
I recviced Book Air Parcel(Nadi-Astrology). I am glad to see this book. Thankx. Muhammad Arshad Nadeem Pakistan.
Muhammad Arshad Nadeem
It is always a great pleasure to return to Exotic India with its exquisit artwork, books and other items. As I said several times before, Exotic India is far more than a highly professional Indian online shop; it is in fact an excellent ambassador to the world for the splendour of Indian wisdom and spirituality. I wish a happy and successful New Year 2017 to Exotic India and its employees! You can be very proud of yourself!
Dr Michael Seeber (psychiatrist and psychotherapist, Essen/Germany)
My last order arrived in a reasonable amount of time, regarding the long way it had to take! I am glad to find this and some other ayurvedic remedy, as well as books and much other things at your online-store and I am looking forward to be your customer again, some time.
Andreas, Germany.
Намаскар! Честно говоря, сомневался. Но сегодня получил свой заказ. Порадовала упаковка, упаковано всё очень тщательно и аккуратно. Большое спасибо, как раз подарок к Новому Году! Namaskar! Frankly, I doubted. But today received my order. We were pleased with the packaging. Everything is packed carefully and accurately. Thank you very much, just a gift for the New Year!
Ruslan, Russia.
Thanks for the great sale!! It really helped me out. I love Exotic India.
Shannon, USA
I have got the 3 parcels with my order today and everything is perfect. Thank you very much for such a good packaging to protect the items and for your service.
Guadalupe, Spain
Great books! I am so glad you make them available to order, thank you!
Yevgen, USA
TRUSTe online privacy certification
Language:
Currency:
All rights reserved. Copyright 2017 © Exotic India