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Books > Hindu > Short Description of Gods, Goddesses and Ritual Objects of Buddhism and Hinduism in Nepal
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Short Description of Gods, Goddesses and Ritual Objects of Buddhism and Hinduism in Nepal
Short Description of Gods, Goddesses and Ritual Objects of Buddhism and Hinduism in Nepal
Description
Introduction of Buddhism and Hinduism

For two and Half thousand years, people have followed a religion based on the teachings of a man they called the Buddha, meaning the Enlightened One.

The starting point in Buddhism is mankind and the way in which they suffer not just physical pain but the general feelings of dissatisfaction with life, the craving to achieve or have something more, the fear of change and death. It seeks to give a person peace of mind and to encourage and develop loving compassion towards all living beings.

Buddhism is not a dogmatic religion in the sense that it does not require a person to accept fixed beliefs and ideas. It does not concern itself by debating whether or not there is a God. It regards all such beliefs as secondary importance. The main thing is to help people overcome suffering and to achieve a full life.

The goal of Buddhist religion is enlightenment which means to be fully awake to the reality of life, to have an understanding of why there is suffering in the world and how it may be overcome. Buddhists claim that in the teaching of the Buddha they find a path which will eventually lead them to achieve this enlightenment for themselves.

There is a great variety within Buddhism. There are two main Branches of the religion - Theravada or Hinayana Buddhism in the South and Mahayana Buddhism in the North. Nevertheless there is a common basis to all Buddhism expressed in what is called the Dharma (teaching) and the Sangha (Community of Monks).

 

Contents
1 INTRODUCTION OF BUDDHISM & HINDUISM 7
  Hinayana Buddhism 8
  Mahayana Buddhism 9
  Vajrayana Buddhism 10
  Hinduism 11
2 RITUAL OBJECTS  
  Agni (Flame) 12
  Akshamala (Rosary) 12
  Ankush (Goad) 12
  Bana (Arrow) 12
  PA (Battle Axe) 14
  Bell (Ghanta) 14
  Bhumba 24
  Bina (Lute) 13
  Chaitya (Stupa) 13
  Chakra (Wheel) 13
  Chandra (Moon) 13
  Chhatra (Parasol) 15
  Chamaru (Fly Whisk) 15
  Damaru (Drum) 15
  Dhoop Dani (Incense Burner) 15
  Dhanusa (Capa) 16
  Dhwoja (Banner) 16
  Dipa (Lamp) 15
  Gada (Mace) 16
  Ghau (Prayer Box) 24
  Kalasa (Vase) 16
  Kangling 16
  Kapala (Skull) 14
  Kartika 17
  Khadga (Sword) 17
  Khatwanga 17
  Lingam (Linga) 17
  Mandala 18
  Matsya (Fish) 18
  Mayurapiccha (Feathers) 18
  Mukha (Ritual Crown) 23
  Naga (serpent) 18
  Nakula (Mongoose) 19
  Padma (Lotus) 19
  Phurpa 19
  Poorna Kalash (Full Vessel) 23
  Prayar Wheel (Mane) 19
  Pustaka (Book) 20
  Sankha (Conch Shell) 20
  Shield 20
  Shirivasta (Endless Knot) 20
  Surya (Sun) 20
  Sukunda (Oil Lamp) 23
  Swastika 21
  Tri Ratna 21
  Trishula (trident) 21
  Tantra 22
  Utpala (half- Closed Lotus) 21
  Vajra (Dorje) 14
  Viswa Vajra (Double Dorje) 21
  Yab- Yum 22
  Yantra 22
3 POSTURES & PEDESTALS  
  Padmasana 25
  Singhasana 25
  Kurmasana 25
  Sayana Asana 25
  Nrityamurti Asana 25
  Dhyana Asana 26
  Lalita Asana 26
  Paryanka Asana 26
  Rajlila Asana 26
  Sampada Asana 26
  Alidh Asana 27
  MUDRA  
  Abhaya 27
  Bhumisparsa 27
  Dharmachakra 27
  Dhyana Mudra 28
  Jnana Mudra 28
  Namaskar Mudra 28
  Tarjani Mudra 28
  Vajrahunkara Mudra 28
  Varada 29
  Vitarka Mudra 29
4 GODS AND GODDESSES OF BUDDHISM AND HINDUISM  
  Adi Buddha 30
  Amitabha 30
  Amoghshiddhi 31
  Amoghapasa Lokeswar 31
  Akshobhya 31
  Ardhanariswara 32
  Avalokiteswara 32
  Vajrasatwa 32
  Bhairab 33
  Biswarupa 33
  Chakra Sambara 33
  Chandramaharosan 34
  Citipati (Two Skeletons) 34
  Chintamani Lokeswar 34
  Dakini 35
  Dikpalas 35
  Dhyani Buddhas 35
  Dipankar 36
  Durga 36
  Ekadas Lokeswar 37
  Ganesh 37
  Garuda 38
  Haybajra 38
  Green Tara 38
  Hariharivahan Lokeswar 39
  Hayangriva 39
  Heruka 39
  Indra 40
  Jambhala yellow Kubera) 40
  Kalacakra 40
  Kali 41
  Bajrayogini 41
  Kubera 41
  Kumara 42
  Laxmi 42
  Lha Mo (Chhwaskamuni) 42
  Mahasiddhas 43
  Maitreya Buddha 43
  Manjushree 44
  Mayadevi 44
  Lokeswar 44
  Mahalaxmi 45
  Megh Sambara 45
  Mila Raspa 45
  Naga Kanya 46
  Namsangiti 46
  Narsimha 46
  Padmapani Lokeswar 46
  Padma Sambhav 47
  Navagrahas 47
  Prajnaparmita 48
  Ratna Sambhav 48
  Rama Krishna 48
  Samantabhadra 49
  Sankyamuni 49
  Vajradhara 49
  Vahravarhi 50
  Vairochana 50
  Tson- Ka- Pa 50
  Tara White 51
  Sristikanta Lokeswara 51
  Shiva 51
  Shimhanada Lokeswar 52
  Sambara 52
  Varahi 52
  Vasundhara 53
  Vishnu 53
  Yama 53
  Yamantaka 54
  Astamatrikas 54
  Bodhistawa 54
  Brahma 55
  Hanuman 55
  Mahasamber 55
  Saraswati 56
  Sahasrabhuj Avalokiteswara 56
  Rahula 56
  Kharchheri 57
  Narteswara 57
  Akashagarbha 57
  Vighnantaka 58
  Aparmita (Amitayus) 58
  Biswapani 59
  Uma Maheswara 59
  Bhaisajya (Medicine) Buddha 60
  Vidhyadhari 60
  Bajragandhari 61
  Nairatma 61
  Ratnapani 62
  Manjuvajra 62
  Yogambar 62
  Crown Buddha 62
  Chamunda 63
  Vajrapani 63
  Chhepu 64
  Ksitigarbha 64
  Animal Faced Goddesses 65
  Bird Faced Goddesses 65
  Dharmadhatu 65
  Mahakala 66
  Mahapratisara 66
  Nagarjun 67
  Om! 68
  Pacha Rakshya 69
  Kurukulla (Red Tara) 69
  Vajrananga 70
  Hayagriva 70
  Astamangal (The eight auspicious signs) 71
  Nirvan Buddha 71
  Deep Meditating Buddha 72
  Siddhartha with wounded 72
  Krishna 72
  Om Mani Padme 73
  Vajra- killa 73
  Sitatapatra 74
  Ekajata (Blue Tara) 75
  Symbols and Characteristics of Dhyani Buddha 76

Sample Pages





Short Description of Gods, Goddesses and Ritual Objects of Buddhism and Hinduism in Nepal

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IDI092
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English
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Introduction of Buddhism and Hinduism

For two and Half thousand years, people have followed a religion based on the teachings of a man they called the Buddha, meaning the Enlightened One.

The starting point in Buddhism is mankind and the way in which they suffer not just physical pain but the general feelings of dissatisfaction with life, the craving to achieve or have something more, the fear of change and death. It seeks to give a person peace of mind and to encourage and develop loving compassion towards all living beings.

Buddhism is not a dogmatic religion in the sense that it does not require a person to accept fixed beliefs and ideas. It does not concern itself by debating whether or not there is a God. It regards all such beliefs as secondary importance. The main thing is to help people overcome suffering and to achieve a full life.

The goal of Buddhist religion is enlightenment which means to be fully awake to the reality of life, to have an understanding of why there is suffering in the world and how it may be overcome. Buddhists claim that in the teaching of the Buddha they find a path which will eventually lead them to achieve this enlightenment for themselves.

There is a great variety within Buddhism. There are two main Branches of the religion - Theravada or Hinayana Buddhism in the South and Mahayana Buddhism in the North. Nevertheless there is a common basis to all Buddhism expressed in what is called the Dharma (teaching) and the Sangha (Community of Monks).

 

Contents
1 INTRODUCTION OF BUDDHISM & HINDUISM 7
  Hinayana Buddhism 8
  Mahayana Buddhism 9
  Vajrayana Buddhism 10
  Hinduism 11
2 RITUAL OBJECTS  
  Agni (Flame) 12
  Akshamala (Rosary) 12
  Ankush (Goad) 12
  Bana (Arrow) 12
  PA (Battle Axe) 14
  Bell (Ghanta) 14
  Bhumba 24
  Bina (Lute) 13
  Chaitya (Stupa) 13
  Chakra (Wheel) 13
  Chandra (Moon) 13
  Chhatra (Parasol) 15
  Chamaru (Fly Whisk) 15
  Damaru (Drum) 15
  Dhoop Dani (Incense Burner) 15
  Dhanusa (Capa) 16
  Dhwoja (Banner) 16
  Dipa (Lamp) 15
  Gada (Mace) 16
  Ghau (Prayer Box) 24
  Kalasa (Vase) 16
  Kangling 16
  Kapala (Skull) 14
  Kartika 17
  Khadga (Sword) 17
  Khatwanga 17
  Lingam (Linga) 17
  Mandala 18
  Matsya (Fish) 18
  Mayurapiccha (Feathers) 18
  Mukha (Ritual Crown) 23
  Naga (serpent) 18
  Nakula (Mongoose) 19
  Padma (Lotus) 19
  Phurpa 19
  Poorna Kalash (Full Vessel) 23
  Prayar Wheel (Mane) 19
  Pustaka (Book) 20
  Sankha (Conch Shell) 20
  Shield 20
  Shirivasta (Endless Knot) 20
  Surya (Sun) 20
  Sukunda (Oil Lamp) 23
  Swastika 21
  Tri Ratna 21
  Trishula (trident) 21
  Tantra 22
  Utpala (half- Closed Lotus) 21
  Vajra (Dorje) 14
  Viswa Vajra (Double Dorje) 21
  Yab- Yum 22
  Yantra 22
3 POSTURES & PEDESTALS  
  Padmasana 25
  Singhasana 25
  Kurmasana 25
  Sayana Asana 25
  Nrityamurti Asana 25
  Dhyana Asana 26
  Lalita Asana 26
  Paryanka Asana 26
  Rajlila Asana 26
  Sampada Asana 26
  Alidh Asana 27
  MUDRA  
  Abhaya 27
  Bhumisparsa 27
  Dharmachakra 27
  Dhyana Mudra 28
  Jnana Mudra 28
  Namaskar Mudra 28
  Tarjani Mudra 28
  Vajrahunkara Mudra 28
  Varada 29
  Vitarka Mudra 29
4 GODS AND GODDESSES OF BUDDHISM AND HINDUISM  
  Adi Buddha 30
  Amitabha 30
  Amoghshiddhi 31
  Amoghapasa Lokeswar 31
  Akshobhya 31
  Ardhanariswara 32
  Avalokiteswara 32
  Vajrasatwa 32
  Bhairab 33
  Biswarupa 33
  Chakra Sambara 33
  Chandramaharosan 34
  Citipati (Two Skeletons) 34
  Chintamani Lokeswar 34
  Dakini 35
  Dikpalas 35
  Dhyani Buddhas 35
  Dipankar 36
  Durga 36
  Ekadas Lokeswar 37
  Ganesh 37
  Garuda 38
  Haybajra 38
  Green Tara 38
  Hariharivahan Lokeswar 39
  Hayangriva 39
  Heruka 39
  Indra 40
  Jambhala yellow Kubera) 40
  Kalacakra 40
  Kali 41
  Bajrayogini 41
  Kubera 41
  Kumara 42
  Laxmi 42
  Lha Mo (Chhwaskamuni) 42
  Mahasiddhas 43
  Maitreya Buddha 43
  Manjushree 44
  Mayadevi 44
  Lokeswar 44
  Mahalaxmi 45
  Megh Sambara 45
  Mila Raspa 45
  Naga Kanya 46
  Namsangiti 46
  Narsimha 46
  Padmapani Lokeswar 46
  Padma Sambhav 47
  Navagrahas 47
  Prajnaparmita 48
  Ratna Sambhav 48
  Rama Krishna 48
  Samantabhadra 49
  Sankyamuni 49
  Vajradhara 49
  Vahravarhi 50
  Vairochana 50
  Tson- Ka- Pa 50
  Tara White 51
  Sristikanta Lokeswara 51
  Shiva 51
  Shimhanada Lokeswar 52
  Sambara 52
  Varahi 52
  Vasundhara 53
  Vishnu 53
  Yama 53
  Yamantaka 54
  Astamatrikas 54
  Bodhistawa 54
  Brahma 55
  Hanuman 55
  Mahasamber 55
  Saraswati 56
  Sahasrabhuj Avalokiteswara 56
  Rahula 56
  Kharchheri 57
  Narteswara 57
  Akashagarbha 57
  Vighnantaka 58
  Aparmita (Amitayus) 58
  Biswapani 59
  Uma Maheswara 59
  Bhaisajya (Medicine) Buddha 60
  Vidhyadhari 60
  Bajragandhari 61
  Nairatma 61
  Ratnapani 62
  Manjuvajra 62
  Yogambar 62
  Crown Buddha 62
  Chamunda 63
  Vajrapani 63
  Chhepu 64
  Ksitigarbha 64
  Animal Faced Goddesses 65
  Bird Faced Goddesses 65
  Dharmadhatu 65
  Mahakala 66
  Mahapratisara 66
  Nagarjun 67
  Om! 68
  Pacha Rakshya 69
  Kurukulla (Red Tara) 69
  Vajrananga 70
  Hayagriva 70
  Astamangal (The eight auspicious signs) 71
  Nirvan Buddha 71
  Deep Meditating Buddha 72
  Siddhartha with wounded 72
  Krishna 72
  Om Mani Padme 73
  Vajra- killa 73
  Sitatapatra 74
  Ekajata (Blue Tara) 75
  Symbols and Characteristics of Dhyani Buddha 76

Sample Pages





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