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Sikh Cultural Traditions. Customs Manners and Ceremonies
Sikh Cultural Traditions. Customs Manners and Ceremonies
Description

About the Book

 

Sikhism started by Guru Nanak, born in 1469, and the philosophy he propagated has now spread too many parts of the world. The book is one of the first of its kind to highlight the message of the ten Gurus. It also includes the Sikh traditions, culture, customs, manners and ceremonies. Sikhism is one of the natural gifts of India to the world as it is tolerant to other faiths, and believes that everyone is equal and worships the One God (Ik/Ek Omkar), who has been given different names by different religions. Sikhism encourages people to live in peace and also to be tolerant of beliefs and traditions of other faiths. Guru Nanak declared there was only One God (Ik/Ek Omkar), and preached the principal of fatherhood of God and brotherhood of man. Sikhism accepts the doctrine of Karma, transmigration, repetition of the name of God, necessity of the Guru, etc. The book offers everything that its title promises, and also reflects the attitude and beliefs of the Sikhs on matter like the meaning of absolute, Nam Simran etc. It is intended for every one interested in knowing about the traditions, customs, manners and ceremonies of the Sikhs.

 

About the Author

 

Ramesh C. Dogra MBE received his M. Phil. at the University of London and has written twenty books and many articles on many South Asian topics, particularly in the fields of Indology, Sikhism and Bhutan. He retired as Librarian (South Asian Studies), at the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London in September 2002. In January 2003s New Year's Honour List, in the UK he was awarded MBE (The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire) for his contribution to South Asian Studies.

 

Mrs. Urmila Dogra, a retired Civil Servant in London, has been associated with the research projects of Mr. Dogra since 1986. She is a co-author of nine books.

 

Introduction

 

This book is planned to meet a fundamental need to the study of Sikh culture, traditions, customs, manners and ceremonies. Sikhism is one of the natural gifts of India to the world as it is tolerant to other faiths, and believes that everyone is equal and worships the One God (Ik/Ek Omkar), who has been given different names by different religions. India has been a great country of spirituality and mysticism since Vedic times. The Indian people emphasis on spiritual experience in all its forms and has given birth to many religions and also diversity of spiritual teachings, meditation and yogic practices in the world. Sikhism is an integral part of Hindu culture and character. It believes that meditation, remembering the name of God (Nam Simran), and good moral life are the only ways to reach God. Goodness is shown in Sikh actions; Sikhs are expected to help others and always work to support themselves. Sikhism encourages people to live in peace and also to be tolerant of beliefs and traditions of other faiths.

Guru Nanak declared there was only One God (Ik/Ek Omkar), and preached the principal of fatherhood of God and brotherhood of man. Everybody was known as Bhai (brother) or Bebe (sister, mother or elderly woman).

 

He told people that (a) Vedas, Puran and Quran taught love of humanity; (b) in the eyes of God every person (poor or rich) is equal; (c) taught people to discard rituals and surrender to Lord for peace of mind; (d) and stimulated the people against priesthood, caste system, polytheism and tyranny. He also preached them that their misfortunes were due to their misdeeds in the past life, arid assured them that good actions in life would bring them salvation.

 

Sikhism accepts the doctrine of Karma, transmigration, repetition of the name of God, necessity of the Guru, Bhakti (remembering the Holy Name of God or singing the praises of God with implicit faith and incessant devotion), and rejects Maya (materialism which lures man away from God). The keynote of the Guru's instruction was greater simplicity in belief and worship. Guru Nanak propagated in repetition of God's name, but he gave a new name to God (Ik/Ek Omkar Sat Nam). Guru Nanak wants his follower to repeat the name of such a God who is ever true.

 

 

The book offers everything that its title promises, and also reflects the attitude and beliefs of the Sikhs on matters like the meaning of absolute, N am Simran (remembering the name of God), the function of the Guru Gran the Sahib, tradition of Guru ship, scriptures, liturgical texts, Rahitnamas, duties of family in performing ceremonies from birth to death. It is intended for general readers, students from School to University level, and also for Sikh/ Hindu people and other readers who are interested in knowing about the traditions, customs, manners and ceremonies of the Sikhs. We hope that this book will be useful to all those interested in the subject.

 

Contents

 

Introduction

ix

1

The Sikh and Singh, Gurdwara, Gurus, GGS and Dasam Granth

1

The Sikh

1

Singh distinctive features

3

Guru Granth Sahib as Supreme authority in Sikhism

4

God (Parbrham-definition according to Sikhism

6

Guru in Sikhism

7

Gurus treated as on Nanak (incarnation of Guru Nanak)

8

Gurdwara

8

Gurdwara income

10

Langar (Free kitchen)

11

Food

13

Wine, Liquor and Tobacco

14

Sikh Gurus

15

Guru Nanak and Babar invasion

18

Successors of Guru Nanak Guru Angad

21

Guru Amar Das

24

Guru ship made hereditary

26

Akbar and Guru Amar Das

27

Guru Ram Das

27

Guru Arjan Dev

29

Guru Hargobind

34

Guru Har Rai

39

Guru Har Krishan

41

Guru Tegh Bahadur

42

Guru Gobind Singh

44

Sikhism-chronological tables/movements

48

2

Traditions (oral transmission from generation to generation)

51

Nitnem, Japji, Jap Sahib, Swayyas, Sodar Rah Ras, Kirtan Sohela,

51

Sukhmani Sahib, Anand Sahib

Ardas, Asa Di Var Diversity in Sikh Panth Akali, Jagiasi, Kukas, Minas, Misal system, Namdeo Panthi, Namdhari sect of Naushehra Majha Singh, Nanak Panthi, Nihang, Niranjani, Nirmals, Nirankari, Ramgarhias, Ravidasi, Udasi

57

Army Sikh

75

Bhakti movement

77

Guru Nanak and his teachings

79

Gurumat/Gurmatas

89

Hukamnamas

90

Gurus-influence on Indian people

91

Hindu and Muslim reformation

91

Muslims and Gurus

92

Music-Divine

93

Sikh mode of address

95

Sat Sri Akal, Wah Guru (Wahe Guru Ji ka Khasla-Wahe Guru Ji Ki Fatah), Sardar, Chardian Kalan, Ik Omkar. Traditions of Sikh Gurus-on women

95

Guru Nanak on women

96

Guru Amar Das on women

99

Guru Ram Das on women

100

Guru Arjan Dev on women

100

Guru Gobind Singh on women

101

Wives of the Gurus and their contribution to the society

102

3.

Customs, manners and brliefs

105

Akhand Path and Arti

105

Bards

107

Discipline in Sikhism

108

Five Ks

108

Karam

109

Khanda

110

Meditation-Sikhism

110

Principles, beliefs and customs in Sikhism

112

The scriptures, Adi Granth, Dasam Granth Adi Granth and Dasam Granth-comparison

118

Festivals, dances and games

137

Pilgrimages-Gurdwaras

141

Panj Takhts

151

Sikhism-its connection with polytheism and monotheism

151

Hindu-Skh relations and Sikh-Muslim relations

155

Mohsin Fani (a renowned traveler in India and his views on Sikhs)

166

Sikh family life

167

Sikh-Panjabi family relationship

168

4.

Ceremonies in Sikhism

173

GGS installation ceremony

173

Baptism or Pahul

173

Karah Parshad ceremony

175

Arranged marriage

176

Marriage ceremonies (Maiyan, Ghorian, Milni Anand Karaj

177

Anand Sahhib, Lavan, Jai Mala, Vari and Khat, Chadar ceremony, Dastarbandi and Turban Ceremony) Birth customs and ceremonies

178

Naming ceremony

187

Wedding anniversies-general

187

Changing your surname

188

Divorce

189

Funeral ceremony

189

Sikh geographical limits and occupation or influence

190

Index

192

 

Sikh Cultural Traditions. Customs Manners and Ceremonies

Item Code:
NAG055
Cover:
Hardcover
Edition:
2013
ISBN:
9789381406243
Language:
English
Size:
8.5inch X 5.5 inch
Pages:
204
Other Details:
Weight of the Book: 380 gms
Price:
$30.00
Discounted:
$24.00   Shipping Free
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About the Book

 

Sikhism started by Guru Nanak, born in 1469, and the philosophy he propagated has now spread too many parts of the world. The book is one of the first of its kind to highlight the message of the ten Gurus. It also includes the Sikh traditions, culture, customs, manners and ceremonies. Sikhism is one of the natural gifts of India to the world as it is tolerant to other faiths, and believes that everyone is equal and worships the One God (Ik/Ek Omkar), who has been given different names by different religions. Sikhism encourages people to live in peace and also to be tolerant of beliefs and traditions of other faiths. Guru Nanak declared there was only One God (Ik/Ek Omkar), and preached the principal of fatherhood of God and brotherhood of man. Sikhism accepts the doctrine of Karma, transmigration, repetition of the name of God, necessity of the Guru, etc. The book offers everything that its title promises, and also reflects the attitude and beliefs of the Sikhs on matter like the meaning of absolute, Nam Simran etc. It is intended for every one interested in knowing about the traditions, customs, manners and ceremonies of the Sikhs.

 

About the Author

 

Ramesh C. Dogra MBE received his M. Phil. at the University of London and has written twenty books and many articles on many South Asian topics, particularly in the fields of Indology, Sikhism and Bhutan. He retired as Librarian (South Asian Studies), at the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London in September 2002. In January 2003s New Year's Honour List, in the UK he was awarded MBE (The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire) for his contribution to South Asian Studies.

 

Mrs. Urmila Dogra, a retired Civil Servant in London, has been associated with the research projects of Mr. Dogra since 1986. She is a co-author of nine books.

 

Introduction

 

This book is planned to meet a fundamental need to the study of Sikh culture, traditions, customs, manners and ceremonies. Sikhism is one of the natural gifts of India to the world as it is tolerant to other faiths, and believes that everyone is equal and worships the One God (Ik/Ek Omkar), who has been given different names by different religions. India has been a great country of spirituality and mysticism since Vedic times. The Indian people emphasis on spiritual experience in all its forms and has given birth to many religions and also diversity of spiritual teachings, meditation and yogic practices in the world. Sikhism is an integral part of Hindu culture and character. It believes that meditation, remembering the name of God (Nam Simran), and good moral life are the only ways to reach God. Goodness is shown in Sikh actions; Sikhs are expected to help others and always work to support themselves. Sikhism encourages people to live in peace and also to be tolerant of beliefs and traditions of other faiths.

Guru Nanak declared there was only One God (Ik/Ek Omkar), and preached the principal of fatherhood of God and brotherhood of man. Everybody was known as Bhai (brother) or Bebe (sister, mother or elderly woman).

 

He told people that (a) Vedas, Puran and Quran taught love of humanity; (b) in the eyes of God every person (poor or rich) is equal; (c) taught people to discard rituals and surrender to Lord for peace of mind; (d) and stimulated the people against priesthood, caste system, polytheism and tyranny. He also preached them that their misfortunes were due to their misdeeds in the past life, arid assured them that good actions in life would bring them salvation.

 

Sikhism accepts the doctrine of Karma, transmigration, repetition of the name of God, necessity of the Guru, Bhakti (remembering the Holy Name of God or singing the praises of God with implicit faith and incessant devotion), and rejects Maya (materialism which lures man away from God). The keynote of the Guru's instruction was greater simplicity in belief and worship. Guru Nanak propagated in repetition of God's name, but he gave a new name to God (Ik/Ek Omkar Sat Nam). Guru Nanak wants his follower to repeat the name of such a God who is ever true.

 

 

The book offers everything that its title promises, and also reflects the attitude and beliefs of the Sikhs on matters like the meaning of absolute, N am Simran (remembering the name of God), the function of the Guru Gran the Sahib, tradition of Guru ship, scriptures, liturgical texts, Rahitnamas, duties of family in performing ceremonies from birth to death. It is intended for general readers, students from School to University level, and also for Sikh/ Hindu people and other readers who are interested in knowing about the traditions, customs, manners and ceremonies of the Sikhs. We hope that this book will be useful to all those interested in the subject.

 

Contents

 

Introduction

ix

1

The Sikh and Singh, Gurdwara, Gurus, GGS and Dasam Granth

1

The Sikh

1

Singh distinctive features

3

Guru Granth Sahib as Supreme authority in Sikhism

4

God (Parbrham-definition according to Sikhism

6

Guru in Sikhism

7

Gurus treated as on Nanak (incarnation of Guru Nanak)

8

Gurdwara

8

Gurdwara income

10

Langar (Free kitchen)

11

Food

13

Wine, Liquor and Tobacco

14

Sikh Gurus

15

Guru Nanak and Babar invasion

18

Successors of Guru Nanak Guru Angad

21

Guru Amar Das

24

Guru ship made hereditary

26

Akbar and Guru Amar Das

27

Guru Ram Das

27

Guru Arjan Dev

29

Guru Hargobind

34

Guru Har Rai

39

Guru Har Krishan

41

Guru Tegh Bahadur

42

Guru Gobind Singh

44

Sikhism-chronological tables/movements

48

2

Traditions (oral transmission from generation to generation)

51

Nitnem, Japji, Jap Sahib, Swayyas, Sodar Rah Ras, Kirtan Sohela,

51

Sukhmani Sahib, Anand Sahib

Ardas, Asa Di Var Diversity in Sikh Panth Akali, Jagiasi, Kukas, Minas, Misal system, Namdeo Panthi, Namdhari sect of Naushehra Majha Singh, Nanak Panthi, Nihang, Niranjani, Nirmals, Nirankari, Ramgarhias, Ravidasi, Udasi

57

Army Sikh

75

Bhakti movement

77

Guru Nanak and his teachings

79

Gurumat/Gurmatas

89

Hukamnamas

90

Gurus-influence on Indian people

91

Hindu and Muslim reformation

91

Muslims and Gurus

92

Music-Divine

93

Sikh mode of address

95

Sat Sri Akal, Wah Guru (Wahe Guru Ji ka Khasla-Wahe Guru Ji Ki Fatah), Sardar, Chardian Kalan, Ik Omkar. Traditions of Sikh Gurus-on women

95

Guru Nanak on women

96

Guru Amar Das on women

99

Guru Ram Das on women

100

Guru Arjan Dev on women

100

Guru Gobind Singh on women

101

Wives of the Gurus and their contribution to the society

102

3.

Customs, manners and brliefs

105

Akhand Path and Arti

105

Bards

107

Discipline in Sikhism

108

Five Ks

108

Karam

109

Khanda

110

Meditation-Sikhism

110

Principles, beliefs and customs in Sikhism

112

The scriptures, Adi Granth, Dasam Granth Adi Granth and Dasam Granth-comparison

118

Festivals, dances and games

137

Pilgrimages-Gurdwaras

141

Panj Takhts

151

Sikhism-its connection with polytheism and monotheism

151

Hindu-Skh relations and Sikh-Muslim relations

155

Mohsin Fani (a renowned traveler in India and his views on Sikhs)

166

Sikh family life

167

Sikh-Panjabi family relationship

168

4.

Ceremonies in Sikhism

173

GGS installation ceremony

173

Baptism or Pahul

173

Karah Parshad ceremony

175

Arranged marriage

176

Marriage ceremonies (Maiyan, Ghorian, Milni Anand Karaj

177

Anand Sahhib, Lavan, Jai Mala, Vari and Khat, Chadar ceremony, Dastarbandi and Turban Ceremony) Birth customs and ceremonies

178

Naming ceremony

187

Wedding anniversies-general

187

Changing your surname

188

Divorce

189

Funeral ceremony

189

Sikh geographical limits and occupation or influence

190

Index

192

 

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