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Books > Hindu > The Srimad Devi Bhagavata Purana (In Two Volumes)
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The Srimad Devi Bhagavata Purana (In Two Volumes)
The Srimad Devi Bhagavata Purana (In Two Volumes)
Description

Introduction

In the religion of the Hindu, Vedas occupy the foremost position, as they are revelations free from defects. Then come the Smrtis, switch are products of human recollection of Vedic revelation. Next come the Puranas, which are narratives which substantiate the truth of the first two, i.e., Sruti and Smrtis.

 

Five Characteristics of Puranas

The five important characteristic of Puranas have been state in the couplet:

They are primary creation of the world (Sarga), dissolution and recreation of the world (Pratisarga) genealogical descent of the gods, racial progenitors and sage (vamsa), Periods of the Manus who preside over dissolution and recreations (Manvantara), history of royal dynasties, past, present and future (Vamsa nuchararita), Most of the Mahapuranas as current now, do not confine themselves only to the treatment of the above five topics. Quite often, the topics are dealt with in a general manner and several other secondary matter related to religious worship are included. And then there are Puranas which narrate the glory and detail about deities. Thus, Svapurana describers the incarnation and matter connected with Siva, Visnu Purana descirbes those of Visnu. Similarly, Devi Bhagavata gives the details regarding Devi. Devi Bhagavata is stated to be a Mahapurana.

Among the eighteen Puranas-

Devi Bhagavata is the most supreme. It bestows Dharma, desires, wealth and liberation to the readers.

Like Srimad Bhagavata, this is also very holy and fulfil all desires of the devotees. The glory of Devi Bhagavata is given in Manasa Khanda of Skanda Purana. It is not an ordinary Purana. It is a very holy one. Like Srimad Bhagavata, Ramayana etc., the reading of Devi Bhagavata is also done frequently at many places, for the fulfillment of desires.

For those who hear Devi Bhagavata story, success is not away. It should be always read by men for the fulfillment of their desire.

Reading of Devi Bhagavata in a period of nine days is called navaha yajna. (sacrifice which is completed in nine-days) It is considered to be very holy and wish-yielding.

 

Purana Literature

The Purana literature is very ancient. The name Purana occurs in Brhadaranyaka Upanisad, Gopatha Brahmana, Tattiriya Aranyaka, Chandogya Upanisad, Satapatha Brahman etc. but most of the existing Puranas, though containing much old material seem to be late compilations. It appears, Purana must have been recast after the second or third century after Christ. The line occurs in Taittitriya Aranyaka. So, there is no doubt about the fact that Puranas have been in existence since yore.

The Bhavisyat Purana is mentioned in Apastamba Dharma Sutra (Chapter III). Apastamba is earlier than the 3rd century B.C. According to F.E. Pargiter (Ancient Indian Historical tradition, Chapter IV), the Bhagavata Purana cannot be placed rater than the early part of 3rd century B.C. and even possibly earlier still by 150-200 years. Later on many interpolations were made and the Bhavisyat Purana which is available in print mentions even Akbar, Humayun etc. similarly it is clear that most of the Puranas were revised from time to time.

Ancient Indian Historical Tradition, Pargiter says that the Bhagavata Purana was composed about the ninth century A.D. But it contains much old material. Sri Sankaracarya has not quoted this Bhagavata Purana is his Bhasyas. He has quoted Visnu Purana, Mahabharata etc. but not Srimad Bhagawata. So, it is possible, that Bhagavata was completed around the ninth century. It mentions Alwar saints of South India, vaguely, and they belonged to seventh, eighths centuries of A.D.

R.C. Hazra a great scholar on Puranas holds that the existing Puranas were compiled between 3rd century A.D. and 12th Century A.D.

Note : For Further details see Studies in Puranas by R.C. Hazra, and History of Dharmasastra by P.V. Kane.

Devi Bhagavata also seems to be a late work. As it contains details given in Saptasati part of Markadaya Purana, it must be placed after the sixth century A.D. But this great work also contains much old material and its importance is in no way small.

Both Bhagavata and Devi Bhagavata contain 18,000 slokas each. Some hold that Bhagavata is the Mahapurana and Devi Bhagavata is, an upapurana. But Sankta do not agree to this, they hold that Devi Bhagavata is the Mahapurana. Both Bhagavatas are important for us because reading them is considered as holy equal to performing a Yajna through which all desires can be fulfilled.

Note : Which is the Mahapurana, Bhagavata or Devi Bhagavata? Many research papers have appeared in this regard. For a brief account see P.V. Kane's History of Dharma Sastra (section on Purana).

Devi Bhagavata mentions Minaksi of Madura, Kanchi, Chidambara, tulajapura, Kolhapura etc. of south India.

The world Bhagavata can be interpreted and derived in two ways. That which pertains to Bhagavata, i.e. Lord Visnu and in this way it will mean Visnu Bhagavata. We can interpret the world also as that which belongs to the goddess and in this way the world Bhagavata will mean Devi Bhagavata. Both contain 18000 slokas and are divided into 12 Skandhas.

In the Purana literature Bhagavata occupies the 5th place. The narrator of this Devi Bhagavata is Veda Vyasa and Janamejaya is the hearer. This Janamejaya is the son of Parksit, to whom suka narrated (Visnu) Srimad Bhagavata at Gangadwar.

By a study of Devi Bhagavata, it become clear that Devi (mother goddess) is the supreme god. She is the qualitless eternal and omnipresent, Para Brahman. She is Saguna Brahman also by her Maya Sakti. She is extremely benevolent and kind. She is attainable through yoga and Bhakti. She has three powers Sattvika, Rajasika and Tamasika They appear as Lakshmi, Sarasvati and Kali, Through her Rajasika power; she creates, through Sattvika, power, she protects. And by her Tamasika power she destroys.

All the Puranas speak about the one supreme Brahman. In Visnu Purana, Visnu is the Supreme Brahman. In Siva Purana, Linga Purana etc. Siva is the supreme Brahman. According to Devi Bhagavata, Devi is the supreme Brahman Sakti is the Paramatman. Paramatman is the Sakti. Three is no difference between them.

Bhagavata: The criterion for a Purana to be called Bhagavata is as follows:

The Purana in which Dharma is told in detail, based on Gayatri and the killing Vrtrasura is also described, is called, Bhagavata.

Devi Bhagavata satisfies this condition. Details regarding Gayatri are given in the eleventh and twelfths Skandhas. Vrtrasuravadha is also described in it.

 

Date of Devi Bhagavata

as told earlier, Devi Bhagavata contains much old material. But it mentions names of Mauryas, Hunas, Mlecchas and Yavanas. clearly So, it must be a late Purana compiled between 600 A.D. to 1000 A.D.

As Bengal influence is seen, some say it might have been written in Bengal. In Bengali Sakti worship was very much prevalent. The glory of Mangala Candi, a form of goddess worshipped in medieval Bengal is found in Devi Bhagavata. Others hold that it was written outside Bengal probably in Benaras very much. Morever, the main goddess described is a very benevolent, kind, from of Devi is Bhuvaneswari.

Commentary : This was commented upon by Nilakantha in the 18th century. There might have existed earlier commentaries too. The great Sakta Acarya, Bhaskara Raya, is said to have popularised Devi Bhagavata in south India.

Content of Devi Bhagavata The Devi Bhagavata contains 12 Skandhas, and 318 Chapters.

Skandha I : Details regarding Puranas Devi Bhagavata is a Mahapurana Devi's glory, Killing of Madhu and Kaitabha by Visnu, Pururava's story, Suka's birth, Budha Pururavas and Urvasi, Suka studies this Purana, Suka goes to Mithila and his advice to Janaka.

Skandha II : Story of Prasara, birth of Vyasa. Pandavas, Extinction of yadus, Parksits death by the bite of Taksaka, Sarpasatra, Astika. Glory of Devi Bhagavata.

Skandha III : Janamejaya's question to Vyasa. Narada's description of Devi Bhuvaneswari and her worship. Brahma, Visnu and Siva see Devi and Praise her. Description of Devi as Bhuvaneswari. Story of Satyavrata, Vagbija. Ambajana. Nature of gunas. Stories of Visvamitra, Sudarsana etc. Navaratrata, Story of Ramayana worship of Devi by Rama.

Skandha IV : Janamjaya's question regarding Krsnavatara. Vyasas advice to Janamejaya. Kasyapa brith as Vasudeva, Stories of Narayana, Prahlada snd sukra. Avataras of Hari. Story of Krsna, Pradymna etc.

Skandha V : Devi Mahatmya. (Glory of Devi) Mahisasura. Fight between Devi. Praise of Devas. Destruction of Dhumralocana, Candamunda, Raktabija, Sumbha and Nisumbha. Description of Bhuwana Sundari.

Skandha VI : Killing of Vrtrasura by Indra Stories of Sunasssepa, Haihayas and Nahusa Place sasred to Devi.

Skandha VII : Lineage of Surya and Soma. Story of hyavana and Sukanya Sacrifice by Sacrifice by Saryati. Stories of Satyavrata and Hariscandra.

Devi Bhuvaneswari. Parasakti. Place sacred to Devi. Devi Gita. Method of worship of Devi.

Skandha VIII : Devis boon to Manu, Visnus incarnation as a boar, Manu Vamsa, Priyatara Description of earth. Varsas, Dvipas. Mountains Planets, Dhruva Mandala, Rahu, Descriptiona lower regions Atala, Vitala etc. Description of hells, Sins and punishments for them worship of Devi.

Skandha IX : Description of Sakti in brief, Worship of Sarasvati Stories of Ganga, Tulasi, Sankhacuda Worship of Tulasi. Story of Savitri Glory of Devi, Stories of Mahalaksmi, Mangala candi, Radha, Durga etc.

Skandha X : Svayambhuva Manu, Vindhya Mountain and Agstya. Stories of Svarocisa, Caksusa, Savarni and other Manus. Mahakali Mahalaksmi, Mahasarasvati and their stories.

Skandha XI : Daily routine, nanavidhi wearing of Rudraksa beads. Description of Rudraksas, Bhutasudhi, Sirovrata, greatness of Bhasma (Sacred ash). Importance of Tripundra Urdhva pundra marks on the forehead. Sandhyopasana, Brahmayajna, Gayatri Purascarana, Vaisvadeva, Prayascittas.

Skandha XII : Rsi etc. of Gayatri. Gayatri Kavacam, Gayatri Hrdayam, Gayatri Sahasranama, Dscription of Manidvipa, Cintamani grha, Deviyajna. Conclusion and results which accrue by a study of this Purana.

The glory of this great Purana Devi Bhagavata as described in Mansa Khanda of Skanda Purana, Devi Bhagavata is a Mahapurana.

Devi Bhagavata and Srimad Bhagavata are complementary to each. We have to consider both as Mahapuranas, and keep them as the Vth Mahapurana. The Purana starts with a Gayatri-

We meditate upon the first Vidya who is of the form of all consciousness. May she impel our intellect. She is the Parasakti, great goddess, Mahamaya.

The main deity of his great wok is goddess Bhuvaneswari a benign form of Devi. She lives in Manidvipa. Description of Manidvipa is given in 12th Skandha 10th, Adhyaya. Description of her palace, Cintamanigrha are all young and enjoying all comforts, through the worship of the goddess.

The Goddess is extremely beautiful and kind. She always fulfills the desires of the devotees. She wards off all evil and takes care of her devotees in every way. For a devotee of Devi there is nothing unattainable in this world. Thus, this Purana gives immerse strength to the devotees.

She is Maya and Brahmavidya too. She is Sakti (power). She is the supreme Brahman. She is the nimittakarana (instrumental cause) as well as Upadana karana (maternal cause) of the universe. In the ninth skandha of Devi i.e., importance of the five froms Durga, Radha, Laksmi, Sarasvati and Savitri is declared.

Devi is Prakrti. She is Durga; Radha Laksmi, Sarasvati and Savitri. In this way, through one, she is known in five froms.

She is Saguna Brahman. She is Isvari. She cannot be known easily. Only Jnanins can realize her. Mahavakyas are the means to know her. Great Jnanins like Bhagavan Sri Sankaracarya, Sri Gaudapada, Sri Bhaskara Raya, of ancient times were all worshippers of Devi. Sri Sankaracarya has composed Soundarya Lahari in praise of the goddess. In Sankara mutts, even to-day worship of Devi continues in an elaborate manner. Even saints like Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa Sri Karapatra Swami etc. of recent times, were worshippers of Devi.

She is the Adya Sakti i.e., first power.

O mother of the universe! Those who worship you as Ambika, Jaganmaya, Maya etc. attain all objects of desire.

The entire universe in her form.

Everything in this universe is pervaded inside and outside by her. There nothing that is left off by her.

The rope in darkness appears as snake. In the same way, Devi appears as Isvara, Visnu, Brahman etc.

In reality Jiva, and Isvara are all one. The difference is produced only by Maya.

Avidya is the cause of difference of Jivas from Brahman. There is no other cause for this difference.

The universe is imposed on the base (substratum) Para Brahman. By the existence of Brahman, the universe exists. And that Parabrahman is Devi herself.

When Devi declared that she is every thing is this universe and there is nothing that is not pervaded by her, Himavan wanted to see her cosmic form (Viswarupa).

She shows that cosmic form to Devas, Brahma, Visnu etc. (See VII Skandha, 33 rd Adhyaya). Seeing the cosmic form the Devas were terrified. They fainted and fell down. They requested her to show the benign form again and withdraw the cosmic form.

Seeing the Devas terrified, Devi, the ocean of mercy withdrew her terrific form and showed her extremely beautiful benign form. She was having noose, ankusa (good) in her upper hands. By her lower two hands, she was giving boons, and refuge from fear.

Her ayes were full of compassion. Her lotus-like face was giving a gentle smile. Seeing her beautiful form, the Devas were free from fear. They became peaceful. They bowed down and praised her with joy. Their voice was faltering due to joy.

We are reminded of the 11th Adhyaya of Srimad Bhagavad Gita wherein Lord Krsna shows his comic form to Arjuna after seeing the Visvarupa, Arjuna was convinced once for all that Lord Krsna was none other than Parabrahman.

Thus, we find the quintessence of all Vedanta in this great purana. Pure Advaita is taught here, which is set forth in the great Upanisads.

Worship of Nirguna Brahman is very difficult for ordinary people. Only great Samnyasins and Jninas are qualified for it and are capable for it. But the goddess Devi can be worshipped by all. And every thing including liberation can be got through her grace.

In Devi Gita we find the essence of all Upanisads set forth in a very clear easy form.

 

Bhuvanesvari

in the 3rd Skandha, 3rd Adhyaya, of Devi Bhagavata description of Bhuvanesvari is given. In the midst of the ocean of nectar, in Manidivpa, she is seated on the couch of Siva.

she is having in her hands noose, Ankusa (good) Vara (boons) and Abhista (all that is desired). No deity has ever been seen equal to her in beauty. She is extra ordinary beautiful. She is smiling and that smile itself is like an ornament for her. She is reddish in color. She is the personified form of compassion. She is a Kumari in her fresh youth. She is served and worshipped by those ever engaged in chanting the mantra Hrim.

in the 24th Adhyaya, the installation of Durga in Kasi is told.

in the 4th Skandha is told the story of Sri Krsna in detail. Siva advises Sri Krsna to worship Remembrance of the feet of devi makes the birth fruitfull. One should meditate on her as Brahman and as "I am that Brahman". She should be meditated upon as one's own Atman. By this, one gets released from Samsara. By crores of rituals, one cannot get liberation The sages Svetasvatara etc. got release from the Samsara thus. (For Details see Svetasvatara Upanisad).

the exploits of Durga, her slaying Asura Such a Mahisasura, Raktabija, Dhumralocana, Canda munda, Sumbha and Nisumbha are told in the fifth Skandha this discription closely follows Devi Mahatmya, i.e. Saptasati, which is a part of Markandeya Purana.

In the sixth Skandha, the power of Mahamaya is described.

The Jiva is helpless and is under the control of Maya. If Brahma, Visnu and Siva are under the sway of Maya, what to talk about others? That Maya remains in Brahman and all the Jivas. Devi in the goddess controlling Maya. One should meditate on her. One should worship her. One should bow to her. One should chant her mantras. By this she becomes kind and releases the Jiva from Maya. Devi is pleased only by good conduct. This is given in the eleventh Skandha, in great detail.

Even if the four Vedas are studied along with the six Angas, (Siksa, Kalpa, Vyakarana, etc.) they do not purify a person devoid of good conduct. The Vedas leave him at the time of death even as the birds leave the nest and fly away, when the wings are born.

Radha, her worship etc. are described in this Devi Bhagavata. But in Srimad Bhagavata, Radha is not mentioned anywhere.

The story of Tulsi, method of her worship etc. are found in the ninth skandha of this Purana.

Story of Savitri is given in detail in the ninth skandha, in Adhyayas 26 to 38. Yama gave Satyavan back to her, with blessings and advices regarding Dharma.

This Devi bhagavata is a great encyclopaedia containing many stories, modes of worship, mantras rules of code of conduct etc.

Devotees of Devi, read this Bhagavata in a period of nine days according to sastraic rules, to achieve their desired objects. The procedure is thus-

First day up to III Skandha, 13 th Adhyaya

Second day upto IV Skandha, 8th Adhyaya.

Third day upto V Skandha, 18 th Adhyaya.

Fourth day upto IV Skandha, 18 th Adhyaya.

Fifth day upto VII Skandha, 18th Adhyaya.

Sixth day upto VIII Skandha, 17th Adhyaya.

Seventh Day upto IX Skandha, 28 th Adhyaya.

Eight day upto X Skandha, 13 th Adhyaya.

Ninth day upto the end of XII th Skandha.

This purana was published in 1922, with the translation of Swami Vijnanananda, from Allahabad. The present editions a reprint of the same with Slokas in Sanskrit. We hope that, it will be extremely useful to the readers, and will be welcome by them.

 

Contents

 

Srimaddevibhagavatamahatyam   xix
 
Volume First
xi
 
The Book 1
xi
1. On the questions by Saunaka and other Rsis 3
2. On the question by Saunaka and Other Rsis 5
3. On Praising the Puranas an do each Vyasa of every Dvapara Yuga 9
4. On the Excellence of the Devi 12
5. On the narrative of Hayagria 17
6. On the Preparation for War by Madhu Kaitabha 26
7. On the Praise of the Devi 29
8. On Deciding who is to be Worshipped 34
9. On the Killing of Madhu Kaitabha 37
10. On Siva's granting Boons 44
11. On the Birth Of Pururava 46
12. On the Birth of Pururava 53
13. On Urvasi and Pururava 58
14. On the Birth of Suka Deva, and on the Duties of Householders 60
15. On the Dispassion of Suka and the Instructions of Bhagavati to Hari 66
16. on Suka's desiring to go Mithila to see Janaka 71
17. on Suka's Self-control 76
18. On Janaka's Instructions ot Suka Deva 81
19. On Suka's Marriage 87
20. On Vyasa doing his Duties 92
 
The Book II
 
1. On the Birth of Matsyagandha 101
2. On the Birth of Vyasa Deva 104
3. On the Curse on the River Ganga 108
4. On the Birth of the Vasus 112
5. On the marriage of Satyavati 117
6. On the Birth of the Pandava 122
7. On Shewing the Departed ones 127
8. On the Extinction of the Family of Yadu and on the Anecdote of Pariksit 132
9. On the Account of Kuru 136
10. On the Death of Pariksit 139
11. On the Sarpa Yajna 144
12. On the Brith of Astika 149
 
The Book III
 
1. On the Question Put by Janamejaya 157
2. On Rudras going towards the Heavens of the Celestial car 160
3. On Seeing the Devi 163
4. On the Hymns to the Devi 168
5. On Chanting Hymns by Hara and Brahma 172
6. On the Powers of the Devi 178
7. On Creation 184
8. On the Characteristics of The Gunas 189
9. On the Anecdote of Satyavrata 192
10. On the Anecdote of Satyavrata 196
11. On the Devi in the Anecdote of Satyavrata 202
12. on the Amba Yajna 206
13. On the Devi Yajna 213
14. On the Glories of the Devi 218
15. On the Fight between Yudhajit and Virasena 221
16. On Yudhajit's going to the Hermitage of Bharadvaja 226
17. On the Story of Visvamitra 230
18. On Svayamvara of the Daughter of the King of Banaras 235
19. On the Marriage 239
20. On the Svayamvara Hall 244
21. On the king of Benares Fulfilling the Advice of his Daughter 249
22. On Sudarsana's Marriage 254
23. On Killing the Enemy of Sudarsana 259
24. On the Installation of Durga Devi in Banaras 263
25. On the Installation of the Devi in Ayodhya and Banaras 267
26. On the Navaratri 271
27. On Worshipping the Virgins 276
28. On Incidents Connected with Navaratri 281
29. On the Stealing of Sita 286
30. On Rama's Performing the Navaratra Ceremony 291
 
The Book IV
 
1. On the Question put by Janamejaya Regarding Krsna's Incarnation 299
2. On the Supremacy of the Effects of Karma 303
3. On the Previous Curse of Vasudeva 307
4. On Adharma/td> 311
5. On the Dialogues of Nara Narayana 315
6. On the Origin of Urvasi 319
7. on Ahamkara 324
8. On Going to the Tirthas 328
9. On the Fight between the Rsis and Prahlada 332
10. On the Curse of Visnu by Bhrgu 336
11. On Sukra's going to Mahadeva to get the Mantra 339
12. On Bhrgu's Curse and the Dialogue between Sukracarya and the Daityas 344
13. On Cheating the Daityas 348
14. On the Daitya's getting back their Sukracarya 353
15. On the truce between the Daityas and the Devas 357
16. on the Birth of the several Avataras of Visnu 363
17. On the questions asked by Janamejaya 365
18. On the Devi Earth's going to the Heavens 369
19. On Chanting the hymns to the Devi 374
20 On Devaki's Marriage 378
21. on the Killing of the Sons of Devaki 384
22. On the part incarnations of the several Devas 389
23. On the Brith Sri Krsna 393
24. On the Stealing away of Pradyumna 396
25. On the Devi's Highest Supremacy 402
 
The Book
 
1. On the Superiority of Rudra Over Visnu 411
2. On the Birth of the Danava Mahisa 415
3. On the Daitya Armies getting Ready 419
4. On the War Counsels given by Indra 423
5. On the Defeat of the Danava Forces of Mahisa 427
6. On the Deva Danava Fight 431
7. On the Going of the Devas to kailasa 434
8. On the description of the Origin and the Form of the Devi 439
9. On the Worship by the Gods to the Devi 445
10. On the Messenger's News to Mahisa 450
11. On Tamras Fighting with the Devi 455
12. On the Cabinet held by Mahisa 460
13. On the Killing of Baskale and Durmuka 465
14. On the Killing of Tamra and Ciksura 468
15. on the Slaying of Bidalaksa and Asiloma 472
16. On the Coversation between the Devi and Mahisa 477
17. On Mandodari's Accounts 482
18. On the Killing of Mahisa 486
19. On the Hymns to the Devi 491
20. On the Peace of the World 496
21. On the Conquest of the Heavens by Sumbha and Nisumbha 500
22. On Praising the Devi 505
23. On the Prowess of Kausaki 510
24. On Dhumralocana 515
25. On Dhumralocana Killed 520
26. On Canda Munda Killed 524
27. On the Fight of Paktabija 528
28. On the Devi's Foghting 533
29. On the Killing of Raktabija 537
30. On the Killing of Nisumbha 542
31. On the Death of Sombha 546
32. On the King Suratha's Going to the Forest 551
33. On the Greatness of the Devi 556
34. On the worship of the Devi 562
35. On the King Suratha's getting the Boon and on the Vaisya Samadhi 566
 
The Book VI
 
1. On Trisira's Austelities 573
2. On the Brith of Vrtrasura 578
3. On the Deva Defeat and on Vrtra's Tapasya 581
4. On the Defeat of the Devas by Vrtra 586
5. On Praising the Devi 590
6. On Vatrasura Slain 596
7. On Indra's Disguise in the ManasLake 601
8. On Saci's praising the Devi 606
9. On Indra's Getting the Fruits of Brahmahatya and on the Downfall of the king Nahusa 611
10. On the Phase of Karma 616
11. On the Dharma 619
12. On the War between Adi and Baka 624
13. on the above Foght 629
14. On the Birth of Vasistha from Mitra Varuna 633
15. On Nimi's getting another body and on the Haihayas 638
16. On the Haihaya and the Bhrgava 643
17. On the Continuance of Bhrgu's Family 647
18. On the Origin of the Haihayas 653
19. On the Haihayas born of a mare 657
20. On the Son Born of mare by Hari 661
21. On the Installation of Ekavira 666
22. On Stealing away Ekavali 671
23. On the War between Haihaya and Kalaketu 675
24. On Viksepa Sakti 680
25. On the cause of Moha of Vyasa 684
26. On Narada's Moha 689
27. On Narada'a Marriage 693
28. On Narada's Getting Femininr Form 697
29. On Narada's again a Man 701
30. On the Glory of Maha Maya 705
31. On Maha Maya 709
 
Volume Second
 
 
The Book VII
 
1. On the Solar and Lunar Kings 717
2. On the Piercing of the Eyes of Cyavana Muni 720
3. The King Saryati Giving his Daughter in Marriage to Cyavana Muni 724
4. On Sukanya and the Asvin's 729
5. On Cyavana's Getting his Youth 733
6. On the Asvins Getting the Right to Drink Soma 737
7. On the Asvins Drinking the Soma Cup 742
8. On the King Revata and the Solar Dynasty 745
9. On the Story of Kakustha and on Mandhata 750
10. On Satyavrata 754
11. On Trisanku 758
12. On Vasistha's Curse on the Trisanku 762
13. Visvamitra Helping Trisanku 766
14. On Trisanku's Going to the Heavens 771
15. on the King Hariscandra 775
16. On Sunahsepha Free and Hariscandra Lured 779
17. On Sunahsepha Free and Hariscandra cured 783
18. On the Quarrel Between Hariscandra and Visvamitra 788
19. On Hariscandra's Kingdom taken 792
20. On Hariscandra Paying his Daksina 796
21. On the Sorrows of Hariscandra 800
22. On Selling Hariscandra 's Wife 802
23. On Hariscandra as a Slave of the Candala 806
24. On Hariscandra in the burring Ghata of Kasi 809
25. On the Qurrels between Hariscandra and Visvamitra 811
26. On the Sorrows of Hariscandra 818
27. On Hariscandra's going to the Heavens 823
28. On the Glory of Sataksi Devi 827
29. On the Devi's Birth in the Daska's House 833
30. On the Birth of Gauri and Siva's Distruction 836
31. On the Birth of Parvati 843
32. On Self Realisation Spoken by the Devi 849
33. On the Devi's Virat Rupa 853
34. On the Final Emancipation 857
35. On the Yoga and Mantra Siddhi 862
36. On the Knowledge of Brahman 867
37. On Self Realisation Spoken by the Devi 871
38. On the Vows and the Sacred Places of the Devi 874
39. On the Worship of the Devi 878
40. On the Outer Worship of the Devi 881
 
The Book VIII
 
1. On the Description of the Worlds 887
2. On the Earth Raised by Boar 891
3. On Manu's Family 894
4. On the Family of Priyavrata 895
5. On Moutains and Rivers 897
6. On the Rivers and Moutains 900
7. On the Gages and the Varsas 902
8. On Ilavrta 904
9. On the Division of the Continent 907
10. On Bhuvanakosa 911
11. On the Continents and Bharatavarsa 914
12. On the Dvipas 917
13. on the Dvipas 919
14. On the Lokaloka 922
15. On the Motion of Sun 924
16. on the Motion of the Planets 927
17. On the Dhruva Mandalam 930
18. On the Rahu 932
19. On the Nether Regions 934
20. On the Narrative of Talatala 937
21. On the Narrative of Hells 939
22. On the Sins 942
23. On the Reaming Hells 945
24. On the Devi Puja 947
 
The Book IX
 
1. On the Description of Prakrti 955
2. On the origin of Prakrti an Purusa 969
3. On the Origin of Brhma, Visnu, Mahesa and othre 975
4. On the Hymn, Worship an Kavca of Sarasvati 979
5. On Sarasvati Stotra 985
6. On the Coming in this World of Laksmi, Ganga and Sarasvati 988
7. On the curses of Ganga, Sarasvati and Laksmi 992
8. On the Gretness of Kali 997
9. On the Origin of the Sakti of the Earth 1004
10. On the Offences Caused to the Earth and Punishments thereof. 1009
11. On the Origin of the Ganga 1011
12. On the Origin of the Ganga 1017
13. On the Anecdote fo the Ganga 1022
14. On Ganga, as the Wife of Narayana 1031
15. On the Anecdote fo Tulasi 1033
16. On the Incarnation of Maha Laksmi in the House Of Kusadhvaja 1037
17. On the Anecdote of Tulasi 1041
18. On the Union of Sankhacuda with Tulasi 1045
19. On the Going of the Devas to Vaikukuntha after Tulasi Marriage with Sankhacuda 1051
20. On the War Preoarations of Sankhacuda 1057
21. On the War between Maha Deva and Sankhacuda 1063
22. On the Fight between the Devas and Sankhacuda 1069
23. On the Killing of Sankhacuda 1073
24. On the Glory of Tulasi 1075
25. On the Worship of Tulasi 1082
26. On Savitri 1085
27. On the Birth, etc. of Savitri 1091
28. On Savitri 1093
29. On Savitri, on Gifts, and on Karmas, 1095
30. On the Conversation between Savitri and Yama 1100
31. On Yama's giving the Sakti Mantra to Savitri 1109
32. On Various Hells 1111
33. On the Description of Different Sinners 1112
34. On Various Halls 1121
35. On Various Hells 1127
36. On heaving no fear of Yama of Those who are the Pancopasakas 1131
37. On the Eighty-six Kundas 1134
38. On the Glories of the Devi 1142
39. On Maha Laksmi 1149
40. On the Birth of Laksmi 1151  
41. On the Churning of the Ocean 1158
42. On the Stotram of mala Laksmi 1162
43. On Svaha 1167
44. On Svaha 1171
45. On Daksina 1174
46. On Sasthi Devi 1181
47. On Mangalacandi 1186
48. On Manasa 1190
49. On Surabhi 1200
50. On the Glory of Sakti Notes on Sakti and the Saktas 1202
 
The Book X
 
1. On Svayambhuva Manu 1221
2. On the Conversation between Narada and the Vindhya Mountain 1223
3. On Vidhya's Obstructing the Sun's Course in the Heavens 1225
4. On the Deva's Going to Maha Deva 1227
5. On the Deva's Going to Visnu 1228
6. On the Deva's Praying to the Muni Agastya 1230
7. On the Checking of the Rise of the Vidhya 1232
8. On the Origin of Manu 1234
9. On the Aecdote of Caksusa Manu 1236
10. On the History of the King Suratha 1238
11. On Madhu Kaitabha Killed 1240
12. On Savarni Manu 1243
13. On Bhramari Devi 1249
 
The Book XI
 
1. On the Morning Duties 1261
2. On Cleaning the Body 1266
3. On the Glories of the Rudraksa Beads 1269
4. On the Greatness of the Rudraksam 1272
5. On the Rudraksam Rosaries 1275
6. On the Greatness of Rudraksam 1278
7. On the Different Number of Facts of Rudraksam 1281
8. On Bhuta Sudhi 1284
9. On the Rules of Sirovrata 1286
10. On Gauna BHasma 1289
11. On the three kinds of Bhasmas 1292
12. On Holding the Tripundra and Urdhvapundra 1294
13. On the Greatness of Bhasma 1297
14. On Holding the Vibhuti 1300
15. On Using the Tripundra and Urdhva-pundra Marks 1304
16. On the Description of Sandhya Upasana 1312
17. On the Sandhya and other Daily Practices 1320
18. On the Greatness at the Devi Puja 1324
19. on the Mid-day Sandhya 1328
20. On the Description of Brahma Yajna Sandhyas etc. 1330
21. On the Gayatri Purascarnam 1334
22. On the Rules of Vaisavadeva 1339
23. On the Tapta Krcchra Vrata and Others 1342
24. On Sadacara 1347
 
The Book XII
 
1. On the Description of the Gayatri 1357
2. On the Description of of the Saktis etc., of the Syllables of Gayatri 1359
3. On the Description of Gayatri Kavavam 1360
4. On the Gayatri Hrdayam 1362
5. On the Gayatri Stotram 1364
6. On the One thousand and Eight Names of the Gayatri 1366
7. On the Diksa Vidhi (Intiation) 1375
8. On the Appearance of the Highest Sakti 1386
9. On the Cause of Sraddha in the Other Devas than the Devi Gayatri 1393
10. On the Description of the Mani Dvipa 1400
11. On the Description of the Enclosure Walls Built of Padmaragamani, etc. of the Mani Dvipa 1406
12. On the Description of the Mani Dvipa 1413
13. On the Janamejaya's Devi Yajna 1418
14. On the Recitation of the Fruits of this Puranam 1420
Index of Slokas   1423

 

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The Srimad Devi Bhagavata Purana (In Two Volumes)

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Introduction

In the religion of the Hindu, Vedas occupy the foremost position, as they are revelations free from defects. Then come the Smrtis, switch are products of human recollection of Vedic revelation. Next come the Puranas, which are narratives which substantiate the truth of the first two, i.e., Sruti and Smrtis.

 

Five Characteristics of Puranas

The five important characteristic of Puranas have been state in the couplet:

They are primary creation of the world (Sarga), dissolution and recreation of the world (Pratisarga) genealogical descent of the gods, racial progenitors and sage (vamsa), Periods of the Manus who preside over dissolution and recreations (Manvantara), history of royal dynasties, past, present and future (Vamsa nuchararita), Most of the Mahapuranas as current now, do not confine themselves only to the treatment of the above five topics. Quite often, the topics are dealt with in a general manner and several other secondary matter related to religious worship are included. And then there are Puranas which narrate the glory and detail about deities. Thus, Svapurana describers the incarnation and matter connected with Siva, Visnu Purana descirbes those of Visnu. Similarly, Devi Bhagavata gives the details regarding Devi. Devi Bhagavata is stated to be a Mahapurana.

Among the eighteen Puranas-

Devi Bhagavata is the most supreme. It bestows Dharma, desires, wealth and liberation to the readers.

Like Srimad Bhagavata, this is also very holy and fulfil all desires of the devotees. The glory of Devi Bhagavata is given in Manasa Khanda of Skanda Purana. It is not an ordinary Purana. It is a very holy one. Like Srimad Bhagavata, Ramayana etc., the reading of Devi Bhagavata is also done frequently at many places, for the fulfillment of desires.

For those who hear Devi Bhagavata story, success is not away. It should be always read by men for the fulfillment of their desire.

Reading of Devi Bhagavata in a period of nine days is called navaha yajna. (sacrifice which is completed in nine-days) It is considered to be very holy and wish-yielding.

 

Purana Literature

The Purana literature is very ancient. The name Purana occurs in Brhadaranyaka Upanisad, Gopatha Brahmana, Tattiriya Aranyaka, Chandogya Upanisad, Satapatha Brahman etc. but most of the existing Puranas, though containing much old material seem to be late compilations. It appears, Purana must have been recast after the second or third century after Christ. The line occurs in Taittitriya Aranyaka. So, there is no doubt about the fact that Puranas have been in existence since yore.

The Bhavisyat Purana is mentioned in Apastamba Dharma Sutra (Chapter III). Apastamba is earlier than the 3rd century B.C. According to F.E. Pargiter (Ancient Indian Historical tradition, Chapter IV), the Bhagavata Purana cannot be placed rater than the early part of 3rd century B.C. and even possibly earlier still by 150-200 years. Later on many interpolations were made and the Bhavisyat Purana which is available in print mentions even Akbar, Humayun etc. similarly it is clear that most of the Puranas were revised from time to time.

Ancient Indian Historical Tradition, Pargiter says that the Bhagavata Purana was composed about the ninth century A.D. But it contains much old material. Sri Sankaracarya has not quoted this Bhagavata Purana is his Bhasyas. He has quoted Visnu Purana, Mahabharata etc. but not Srimad Bhagawata. So, it is possible, that Bhagavata was completed around the ninth century. It mentions Alwar saints of South India, vaguely, and they belonged to seventh, eighths centuries of A.D.

R.C. Hazra a great scholar on Puranas holds that the existing Puranas were compiled between 3rd century A.D. and 12th Century A.D.

Note : For Further details see Studies in Puranas by R.C. Hazra, and History of Dharmasastra by P.V. Kane.

Devi Bhagavata also seems to be a late work. As it contains details given in Saptasati part of Markadaya Purana, it must be placed after the sixth century A.D. But this great work also contains much old material and its importance is in no way small.

Both Bhagavata and Devi Bhagavata contain 18,000 slokas each. Some hold that Bhagavata is the Mahapurana and Devi Bhagavata is, an upapurana. But Sankta do not agree to this, they hold that Devi Bhagavata is the Mahapurana. Both Bhagavatas are important for us because reading them is considered as holy equal to performing a Yajna through which all desires can be fulfilled.

Note : Which is the Mahapurana, Bhagavata or Devi Bhagavata? Many research papers have appeared in this regard. For a brief account see P.V. Kane's History of Dharma Sastra (section on Purana).

Devi Bhagavata mentions Minaksi of Madura, Kanchi, Chidambara, tulajapura, Kolhapura etc. of south India.

The world Bhagavata can be interpreted and derived in two ways. That which pertains to Bhagavata, i.e. Lord Visnu and in this way it will mean Visnu Bhagavata. We can interpret the world also as that which belongs to the goddess and in this way the world Bhagavata will mean Devi Bhagavata. Both contain 18000 slokas and are divided into 12 Skandhas.

In the Purana literature Bhagavata occupies the 5th place. The narrator of this Devi Bhagavata is Veda Vyasa and Janamejaya is the hearer. This Janamejaya is the son of Parksit, to whom suka narrated (Visnu) Srimad Bhagavata at Gangadwar.

By a study of Devi Bhagavata, it become clear that Devi (mother goddess) is the supreme god. She is the qualitless eternal and omnipresent, Para Brahman. She is Saguna Brahman also by her Maya Sakti. She is extremely benevolent and kind. She is attainable through yoga and Bhakti. She has three powers Sattvika, Rajasika and Tamasika They appear as Lakshmi, Sarasvati and Kali, Through her Rajasika power; she creates, through Sattvika, power, she protects. And by her Tamasika power she destroys.

All the Puranas speak about the one supreme Brahman. In Visnu Purana, Visnu is the Supreme Brahman. In Siva Purana, Linga Purana etc. Siva is the supreme Brahman. According to Devi Bhagavata, Devi is the supreme Brahman Sakti is the Paramatman. Paramatman is the Sakti. Three is no difference between them.

Bhagavata: The criterion for a Purana to be called Bhagavata is as follows:

The Purana in which Dharma is told in detail, based on Gayatri and the killing Vrtrasura is also described, is called, Bhagavata.

Devi Bhagavata satisfies this condition. Details regarding Gayatri are given in the eleventh and twelfths Skandhas. Vrtrasuravadha is also described in it.

 

Date of Devi Bhagavata

as told earlier, Devi Bhagavata contains much old material. But it mentions names of Mauryas, Hunas, Mlecchas and Yavanas. clearly So, it must be a late Purana compiled between 600 A.D. to 1000 A.D.

As Bengal influence is seen, some say it might have been written in Bengal. In Bengali Sakti worship was very much prevalent. The glory of Mangala Candi, a form of goddess worshipped in medieval Bengal is found in Devi Bhagavata. Others hold that it was written outside Bengal probably in Benaras very much. Morever, the main goddess described is a very benevolent, kind, from of Devi is Bhuvaneswari.

Commentary : This was commented upon by Nilakantha in the 18th century. There might have existed earlier commentaries too. The great Sakta Acarya, Bhaskara Raya, is said to have popularised Devi Bhagavata in south India.

Content of Devi Bhagavata The Devi Bhagavata contains 12 Skandhas, and 318 Chapters.

Skandha I : Details regarding Puranas Devi Bhagavata is a Mahapurana Devi's glory, Killing of Madhu and Kaitabha by Visnu, Pururava's story, Suka's birth, Budha Pururavas and Urvasi, Suka studies this Purana, Suka goes to Mithila and his advice to Janaka.

Skandha II : Story of Prasara, birth of Vyasa. Pandavas, Extinction of yadus, Parksits death by the bite of Taksaka, Sarpasatra, Astika. Glory of Devi Bhagavata.

Skandha III : Janamejaya's question to Vyasa. Narada's description of Devi Bhuvaneswari and her worship. Brahma, Visnu and Siva see Devi and Praise her. Description of Devi as Bhuvaneswari. Story of Satyavrata, Vagbija. Ambajana. Nature of gunas. Stories of Visvamitra, Sudarsana etc. Navaratrata, Story of Ramayana worship of Devi by Rama.

Skandha IV : Janamjaya's question regarding Krsnavatara. Vyasas advice to Janamejaya. Kasyapa brith as Vasudeva, Stories of Narayana, Prahlada snd sukra. Avataras of Hari. Story of Krsna, Pradymna etc.

Skandha V : Devi Mahatmya. (Glory of Devi) Mahisasura. Fight between Devi. Praise of Devas. Destruction of Dhumralocana, Candamunda, Raktabija, Sumbha and Nisumbha. Description of Bhuwana Sundari.

Skandha VI : Killing of Vrtrasura by Indra Stories of Sunasssepa, Haihayas and Nahusa Place sasred to Devi.

Skandha VII : Lineage of Surya and Soma. Story of hyavana and Sukanya Sacrifice by Sacrifice by Saryati. Stories of Satyavrata and Hariscandra.

Devi Bhuvaneswari. Parasakti. Place sacred to Devi. Devi Gita. Method of worship of Devi.

Skandha VIII : Devis boon to Manu, Visnus incarnation as a boar, Manu Vamsa, Priyatara Description of earth. Varsas, Dvipas. Mountains Planets, Dhruva Mandala, Rahu, Descriptiona lower regions Atala, Vitala etc. Description of hells, Sins and punishments for them worship of Devi.

Skandha IX : Description of Sakti in brief, Worship of Sarasvati Stories of Ganga, Tulasi, Sankhacuda Worship of Tulasi. Story of Savitri Glory of Devi, Stories of Mahalaksmi, Mangala candi, Radha, Durga etc.

Skandha X : Svayambhuva Manu, Vindhya Mountain and Agstya. Stories of Svarocisa, Caksusa, Savarni and other Manus. Mahakali Mahalaksmi, Mahasarasvati and their stories.

Skandha XI : Daily routine, nanavidhi wearing of Rudraksa beads. Description of Rudraksas, Bhutasudhi, Sirovrata, greatness of Bhasma (Sacred ash). Importance of Tripundra Urdhva pundra marks on the forehead. Sandhyopasana, Brahmayajna, Gayatri Purascarana, Vaisvadeva, Prayascittas.

Skandha XII : Rsi etc. of Gayatri. Gayatri Kavacam, Gayatri Hrdayam, Gayatri Sahasranama, Dscription of Manidvipa, Cintamani grha, Deviyajna. Conclusion and results which accrue by a study of this Purana.

The glory of this great Purana Devi Bhagavata as described in Mansa Khanda of Skanda Purana, Devi Bhagavata is a Mahapurana.

Devi Bhagavata and Srimad Bhagavata are complementary to each. We have to consider both as Mahapuranas, and keep them as the Vth Mahapurana. The Purana starts with a Gayatri-

We meditate upon the first Vidya who is of the form of all consciousness. May she impel our intellect. She is the Parasakti, great goddess, Mahamaya.

The main deity of his great wok is goddess Bhuvaneswari a benign form of Devi. She lives in Manidvipa. Description of Manidvipa is given in 12th Skandha 10th, Adhyaya. Description of her palace, Cintamanigrha are all young and enjoying all comforts, through the worship of the goddess.

The Goddess is extremely beautiful and kind. She always fulfills the desires of the devotees. She wards off all evil and takes care of her devotees in every way. For a devotee of Devi there is nothing unattainable in this world. Thus, this Purana gives immerse strength to the devotees.

She is Maya and Brahmavidya too. She is Sakti (power). She is the supreme Brahman. She is the nimittakarana (instrumental cause) as well as Upadana karana (maternal cause) of the universe. In the ninth skandha of Devi i.e., importance of the five froms Durga, Radha, Laksmi, Sarasvati and Savitri is declared.

Devi is Prakrti. She is Durga; Radha Laksmi, Sarasvati and Savitri. In this way, through one, she is known in five froms.

She is Saguna Brahman. She is Isvari. She cannot be known easily. Only Jnanins can realize her. Mahavakyas are the means to know her. Great Jnanins like Bhagavan Sri Sankaracarya, Sri Gaudapada, Sri Bhaskara Raya, of ancient times were all worshippers of Devi. Sri Sankaracarya has composed Soundarya Lahari in praise of the goddess. In Sankara mutts, even to-day worship of Devi continues in an elaborate manner. Even saints like Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa Sri Karapatra Swami etc. of recent times, were worshippers of Devi.

She is the Adya Sakti i.e., first power.

O mother of the universe! Those who worship you as Ambika, Jaganmaya, Maya etc. attain all objects of desire.

The entire universe in her form.

Everything in this universe is pervaded inside and outside by her. There nothing that is left off by her.

The rope in darkness appears as snake. In the same way, Devi appears as Isvara, Visnu, Brahman etc.

In reality Jiva, and Isvara are all one. The difference is produced only by Maya.

Avidya is the cause of difference of Jivas from Brahman. There is no other cause for this difference.

The universe is imposed on the base (substratum) Para Brahman. By the existence of Brahman, the universe exists. And that Parabrahman is Devi herself.

When Devi declared that she is every thing is this universe and there is nothing that is not pervaded by her, Himavan wanted to see her cosmic form (Viswarupa).

She shows that cosmic form to Devas, Brahma, Visnu etc. (See VII Skandha, 33 rd Adhyaya). Seeing the cosmic form the Devas were terrified. They fainted and fell down. They requested her to show the benign form again and withdraw the cosmic form.

Seeing the Devas terrified, Devi, the ocean of mercy withdrew her terrific form and showed her extremely beautiful benign form. She was having noose, ankusa (good) in her upper hands. By her lower two hands, she was giving boons, and refuge from fear.

Her ayes were full of compassion. Her lotus-like face was giving a gentle smile. Seeing her beautiful form, the Devas were free from fear. They became peaceful. They bowed down and praised her with joy. Their voice was faltering due to joy.

We are reminded of the 11th Adhyaya of Srimad Bhagavad Gita wherein Lord Krsna shows his comic form to Arjuna after seeing the Visvarupa, Arjuna was convinced once for all that Lord Krsna was none other than Parabrahman.

Thus, we find the quintessence of all Vedanta in this great purana. Pure Advaita is taught here, which is set forth in the great Upanisads.

Worship of Nirguna Brahman is very difficult for ordinary people. Only great Samnyasins and Jninas are qualified for it and are capable for it. But the goddess Devi can be worshipped by all. And every thing including liberation can be got through her grace.

In Devi Gita we find the essence of all Upanisads set forth in a very clear easy form.

 

Bhuvanesvari

in the 3rd Skandha, 3rd Adhyaya, of Devi Bhagavata description of Bhuvanesvari is given. In the midst of the ocean of nectar, in Manidivpa, she is seated on the couch of Siva.

she is having in her hands noose, Ankusa (good) Vara (boons) and Abhista (all that is desired). No deity has ever been seen equal to her in beauty. She is extra ordinary beautiful. She is smiling and that smile itself is like an ornament for her. She is reddish in color. She is the personified form of compassion. She is a Kumari in her fresh youth. She is served and worshipped by those ever engaged in chanting the mantra Hrim.

in the 24th Adhyaya, the installation of Durga in Kasi is told.

in the 4th Skandha is told the story of Sri Krsna in detail. Siva advises Sri Krsna to worship Remembrance of the feet of devi makes the birth fruitfull. One should meditate on her as Brahman and as "I am that Brahman". She should be meditated upon as one's own Atman. By this, one gets released from Samsara. By crores of rituals, one cannot get liberation The sages Svetasvatara etc. got release from the Samsara thus. (For Details see Svetasvatara Upanisad).

the exploits of Durga, her slaying Asura Such a Mahisasura, Raktabija, Dhumralocana, Canda munda, Sumbha and Nisumbha are told in the fifth Skandha this discription closely follows Devi Mahatmya, i.e. Saptasati, which is a part of Markandeya Purana.

In the sixth Skandha, the power of Mahamaya is described.

The Jiva is helpless and is under the control of Maya. If Brahma, Visnu and Siva are under the sway of Maya, what to talk about others? That Maya remains in Brahman and all the Jivas. Devi in the goddess controlling Maya. One should meditate on her. One should worship her. One should bow to her. One should chant her mantras. By this she becomes kind and releases the Jiva from Maya. Devi is pleased only by good conduct. This is given in the eleventh Skandha, in great detail.

Even if the four Vedas are studied along with the six Angas, (Siksa, Kalpa, Vyakarana, etc.) they do not purify a person devoid of good conduct. The Vedas leave him at the time of death even as the birds leave the nest and fly away, when the wings are born.

Radha, her worship etc. are described in this Devi Bhagavata. But in Srimad Bhagavata, Radha is not mentioned anywhere.

The story of Tulsi, method of her worship etc. are found in the ninth skandha of this Purana.

Story of Savitri is given in detail in the ninth skandha, in Adhyayas 26 to 38. Yama gave Satyavan back to her, with blessings and advices regarding Dharma.

This Devi bhagavata is a great encyclopaedia containing many stories, modes of worship, mantras rules of code of conduct etc.

Devotees of Devi, read this Bhagavata in a period of nine days according to sastraic rules, to achieve their desired objects. The procedure is thus-

First day up to III Skandha, 13 th Adhyaya

Second day upto IV Skandha, 8th Adhyaya.

Third day upto V Skandha, 18 th Adhyaya.

Fourth day upto IV Skandha, 18 th Adhyaya.

Fifth day upto VII Skandha, 18th Adhyaya.

Sixth day upto VIII Skandha, 17th Adhyaya.

Seventh Day upto IX Skandha, 28 th Adhyaya.

Eight day upto X Skandha, 13 th Adhyaya.

Ninth day upto the end of XII th Skandha.

This purana was published in 1922, with the translation of Swami Vijnanananda, from Allahabad. The present editions a reprint of the same with Slokas in Sanskrit. We hope that, it will be extremely useful to the readers, and will be welcome by them.

 

Contents

 

Srimaddevibhagavatamahatyam   xix
 
Volume First
xi
 
The Book 1
xi
1. On the questions by Saunaka and other Rsis 3
2. On the question by Saunaka and Other Rsis 5
3. On Praising the Puranas an do each Vyasa of every Dvapara Yuga 9
4. On the Excellence of the Devi 12
5. On the narrative of Hayagria 17
6. On the Preparation for War by Madhu Kaitabha 26
7. On the Praise of the Devi 29
8. On Deciding who is to be Worshipped 34
9. On the Killing of Madhu Kaitabha 37
10. On Siva's granting Boons 44
11. On the Birth Of Pururava 46
12. On the Birth of Pururava 53
13. On Urvasi and Pururava 58
14. On the Birth of Suka Deva, and on the Duties of Householders 60
15. On the Dispassion of Suka and the Instructions of Bhagavati to Hari 66
16. on Suka's desiring to go Mithila to see Janaka 71
17. on Suka's Self-control 76
18. On Janaka's Instructions ot Suka Deva 81
19. On Suka's Marriage 87
20. On Vyasa doing his Duties 92
 
The Book II
 
1. On the Birth of Matsyagandha 101
2. On the Birth of Vyasa Deva 104
3. On the Curse on the River Ganga 108
4. On the Birth of the Vasus 112
5. On the marriage of Satyavati 117
6. On the Birth of the Pandava 122
7. On Shewing the Departed ones 127
8. On the Extinction of the Family of Yadu and on the Anecdote of Pariksit 132
9. On the Account of Kuru 136
10. On the Death of Pariksit 139
11. On the Sarpa Yajna 144
12. On the Brith of Astika 149
 
The Book III
 
1. On the Question Put by Janamejaya 157
2. On Rudras going towards the Heavens of the Celestial car 160
3. On Seeing the Devi 163
4. On the Hymns to the Devi 168
5. On Chanting Hymns by Hara and Brahma 172
6. On the Powers of the Devi 178
7. On Creation 184
8. On the Characteristics of The Gunas 189
9. On the Anecdote of Satyavrata 192
10. On the Anecdote of Satyavrata 196
11. On the Devi in the Anecdote of Satyavrata 202
12. on the Amba Yajna 206
13. On the Devi Yajna 213
14. On the Glories of the Devi 218
15. On the Fight between Yudhajit and Virasena 221
16. On Yudhajit's going to the Hermitage of Bharadvaja 226
17. On the Story of Visvamitra 230
18. On Svayamvara of the Daughter of the King of Banaras 235
19. On the Marriage 239
20. On the Svayamvara Hall 244
21. On the king of Benares Fulfilling the Advice of his Daughter 249
22. On Sudarsana's Marriage 254
23. On Killing the Enemy of Sudarsana 259
24. On the Installation of Durga Devi in Banaras 263
25. On the Installation of the Devi in Ayodhya and Banaras 267
26. On the Navaratri 271
27. On Worshipping the Virgins 276
28. On Incidents Connected with Navaratri 281
29. On the Stealing of Sita 286
30. On Rama's Performing the Navaratra Ceremony 291
 
The Book IV
 
1. On the Question put by Janamejaya Regarding Krsna's Incarnation 299
2. On the Supremacy of the Effects of Karma 303
3. On the Previous Curse of Vasudeva 307
4. On Adharma/td> 311
5. On the Dialogues of Nara Narayana 315
6. On the Origin of Urvasi 319
7. on Ahamkara 324
8. On Going to the Tirthas 328
9. On the Fight between the Rsis and Prahlada 332
10. On the Curse of Visnu by Bhrgu 336
11. On Sukra's going to Mahadeva to get the Mantra 339
12. On Bhrgu's Curse and the Dialogue between Sukracarya and the Daityas 344
13. On Cheating the Daityas 348
14. On the Daitya's getting back their Sukracarya 353
15. On the truce between the Daityas and the Devas 357
16. on the Birth of the several Avataras of Visnu 363
17. On the questions asked by Janamejaya 365
18. On the Devi Earth's going to the Heavens 369
19. On Chanting the hymns to the Devi 374
20 On Devaki's Marriage 378
21. on the Killing of the Sons of Devaki 384
22. On the part incarnations of the several Devas 389
23. On the Brith Sri Krsna 393
24. On the Stealing away of Pradyumna 396
25. On the Devi's Highest Supremacy 402
 
The Book
 
1. On the Superiority of Rudra Over Visnu 411
2. On the Birth of the Danava Mahisa 415
3. On the Daitya Armies getting Ready 419
4. On the War Counsels given by Indra 423
5. On the Defeat of the Danava Forces of Mahisa 427
6. On the Deva Danava Fight 431
7. On the Going of the Devas to kailasa 434
8. On the description of the Origin and the Form of the Devi 439
9. On the Worship by the Gods to the Devi 445
10. On the Messenger's News to Mahisa 450
11. On Tamras Fighting with the Devi 455
12. On the Cabinet held by Mahisa 460
13. On the Killing of Baskale and Durmuka 465
14. On the Killing of Tamra and Ciksura 468
15. on the Slaying of Bidalaksa and Asiloma 472
16. On the Coversation between the Devi and Mahisa 477
17. On Mandodari's Accounts 482
18. On the Killing of Mahisa 486
19. On the Hymns to the Devi 491
20. On the Peace of the World 496
21. On the Conquest of the Heavens by Sumbha and Nisumbha 500
22. On Praising the Devi 505
23. On the Prowess of Kausaki 510
24. On Dhumralocana 515
25. On Dhumralocana Killed 520
26. On Canda Munda Killed 524
27. On the Fight of Paktabija 528
28. On the Devi's Foghting 533
29. On the Killing of Raktabija 537
30. On the Killing of Nisumbha 542
31. On the Death of Sombha 546
32. On the King Suratha's Going to the Forest 551
33. On the Greatness of the Devi 556
34. On the worship of the Devi 562
35. On the King Suratha's getting the Boon and on the Vaisya Samadhi 566
 
The Book VI
 
1. On Trisira's Austelities 573
2. On the Brith of Vrtrasura 578
3. On the Deva Defeat and on Vrtra's Tapasya 581
4. On the Defeat of the Devas by Vrtra 586
5. On Praising the Devi 590
6. On Vatrasura Slain 596
7. On Indra's Disguise in the ManasLake 601
8. On Saci's praising the Devi 606
9. On Indra's Getting the Fruits of Brahmahatya and on the Downfall of the king Nahusa 611
10. On the Phase of Karma 616
11. On the Dharma 619
12. On the War between Adi and Baka 624
13. on the above Foght 629
14. On the Birth of Vasistha from Mitra Varuna 633
15. On Nimi's getting another body and on the Haihayas 638
16. On the Haihaya and the Bhrgava 643
17. On the Continuance of Bhrgu's Family 647
18. On the Origin of the Haihayas 653
19. On the Haihayas born of a mare 657
20. On the Son Born of mare by Hari 661
21. On the Installation of Ekavira 666
22. On Stealing away Ekavali 671
23. On the War between Haihaya and Kalaketu 675
24. On Viksepa Sakti 680
25. On the cause of Moha of Vyasa 684
26. On Narada's Moha 689
27. On Narada'a Marriage 693
28. On Narada's Getting Femininr Form 697
29. On Narada's again a Man 701
30. On the Glory of Maha Maya 705
31. On Maha Maya 709
 
Volume Second
 
 
The Book VII
 
1. On the Solar and Lunar Kings 717
2. On the Piercing of the Eyes of Cyavana Muni 720
3. The King Saryati Giving his Daughter in Marriage to Cyavana Muni 724
4. On Sukanya and the Asvin's 729
5. On Cyavana's Getting his Youth 733
6. On the Asvins Getting the Right to Drink Soma 737
7. On the Asvins Drinking the Soma Cup 742
8. On the King Revata and the Solar Dynasty 745
9. On the Story of Kakustha and on Mandhata 750
10. On Satyavrata 754
11. On Trisanku 758
12. On Vasistha's Curse on the Trisanku 762
13. Visvamitra Helping Trisanku 766
14. On Trisanku's Going to the Heavens 771
15. on the King Hariscandra 775
16. On Sunahsepha Free and Hariscandra Lured 779
17. On Sunahsepha Free and Hariscandra cured 783
18. On the Quarrel Between Hariscandra and Visvamitra 788
19. On Hariscandra's Kingdom taken 792
20. On Hariscandra Paying his Daksina 796
21. On the Sorrows of Hariscandra 800
22. On Selling Hariscandra 's Wife 802
23. On Hariscandra as a Slave of the Candala 806
24. On Hariscandra in the burring Ghata of Kasi 809
25. On the Qurrels between Hariscandra and Visvamitra 811
26. On the Sorrows of Hariscandra 818
27. On Hariscandra's going to the Heavens 823
28. On the Glory of Sataksi Devi 827
29. On the Devi's Birth in the Daska's House 833
30. On the Birth of Gauri and Siva's Distruction 836
31. On the Birth of Parvati 843
32. On Self Realisation Spoken by the Devi 849
33. On the Devi's Virat Rupa 853
34. On the Final Emancipation 857
35. On the Yoga and Mantra Siddhi 862
36. On the Knowledge of Brahman 867
37. On Self Realisation Spoken by the Devi 871
38. On the Vows and the Sacred Places of the Devi 874
39. On the Worship of the Devi 878
40. On the Outer Worship of the Devi 881
 
The Book VIII
 
1. On the Description of the Worlds 887
2. On the Earth Raised by Boar 891
3. On Manu's Family 894
4. On the Family of Priyavrata 895
5. On Moutains and Rivers 897
6. On the Rivers and Moutains 900
7. On the Gages and the Varsas 902
8. On Ilavrta 904
9. On the Division of the Continent 907
10. On Bhuvanakosa 911
11. On the Continents and Bharatavarsa 914
12. On the Dvipas 917
13. on the Dvipas 919
14. On the Lokaloka 922
15. On the Motion of Sun 924
16. on the Motion of the Planets 927
17. On the Dhruva Mandalam 930
18. On the Rahu 932
19. On the Nether Regions 934
20. On the Narrative of Talatala 937
21. On the Narrative of Hells 939
22. On the Sins 942
23. On the Reaming Hells 945
24. On the Devi Puja 947
 
The Book IX
 
1. On the Description of Prakrti 955
2. On the origin of Prakrti an Purusa 969
3. On the Origin of Brhma, Visnu, Mahesa and othre 975
4. On the Hymn, Worship an Kavca of Sarasvati 979
5. On Sarasvati Stotra 985
6. On the Coming in this World of Laksmi, Ganga and Sarasvati 988
7. On the curses of Ganga, Sarasvati and Laksmi 992
8. On the Gretness of Kali 997
9. On the Origin of the Sakti of the Earth 1004
10. On the Offences Caused to the Earth and Punishments thereof. 1009
11. On the Origin of the Ganga 1011
12. On the Origin of the Ganga 1017
13. On the Anecdote fo the Ganga 1022
14. On Ganga, as the Wife of Narayana 1031
15. On the Anecdote fo Tulasi 1033
16. On the Incarnation of Maha Laksmi in the House Of Kusadhvaja 1037
17. On the Anecdote of Tulasi 1041
18. On the Union of Sankhacuda with Tulasi 1045
19. On the Going of the Devas to Vaikukuntha after Tulasi Marriage with Sankhacuda 1051
20. On the War Preoarations of Sankhacuda 1057
21. On the War between Maha Deva and Sankhacuda 1063
22. On the Fight between the Devas and Sankhacuda 1069
23. On the Killing of Sankhacuda 1073
24. On the Glory of Tulasi 1075
25. On the Worship of Tulasi 1082
26. On Savitri 1085
27. On the Birth, etc. of Savitri 1091
28. On Savitri 1093
29. On Savitri, on Gifts, and on Karmas, 1095
30. On the Conversation between Savitri and Yama 1100
31. On Yama's giving the Sakti Mantra to Savitri 1109
32. On Various Hells 1111
33. On the Description of Different Sinners 1112
34. On Various Halls 1121
35. On Various Hells 1127
36. On heaving no fear of Yama of Those who are the Pancopasakas 1131
37. On the Eighty-six Kundas 1134
38. On the Glories of the Devi 1142
39. On Maha Laksmi 1149
40. On the Birth of Laksmi 1151  
41. On the Churning of the Ocean 1158
42. On the Stotram of mala Laksmi 1162
43. On Svaha 1167
44. On Svaha 1171
45. On Daksina 1174
46. On Sasthi Devi 1181
47. On Mangalacandi 1186
48. On Manasa 1190
49. On Surabhi 1200
50. On the Glory of Sakti Notes on Sakti and the Saktas 1202
 
The Book X
 
1. On Svayambhuva Manu 1221
2. On the Conversation between Narada and the Vindhya Mountain 1223
3. On Vidhya's Obstructing the Sun's Course in the Heavens 1225
4. On the Deva's Going to Maha Deva 1227
5. On the Deva's Going to Visnu 1228
6. On the Deva's Praying to the Muni Agastya 1230
7. On the Checking of the Rise of the Vidhya 1232
8. On the Origin of Manu 1234
9. On the Aecdote of Caksusa Manu 1236
10. On the History of the King Suratha 1238
11. On Madhu Kaitabha Killed 1240
12. On Savarni Manu 1243
13. On Bhramari Devi 1249
 
The Book XI
 
1. On the Morning Duties 1261
2. On Cleaning the Body 1266
3. On the Glories of the Rudraksa Beads 1269
4. On the Greatness of the Rudraksam 1272
5. On the Rudraksam Rosaries 1275
6. On the Greatness of Rudraksam 1278
7. On the Different Number of Facts of Rudraksam 1281
8. On Bhuta Sudhi 1284
9. On the Rules of Sirovrata 1286
10. On Gauna BHasma 1289
11. On the three kinds of Bhasmas 1292
12. On Holding the Tripundra and Urdhvapundra 1294
13. On the Greatness of Bhasma 1297
14. On Holding the Vibhuti 1300
15. On Using the Tripundra and Urdhva-pundra Marks 1304
16. On the Description of Sandhya Upasana 1312
17. On the Sandhya and other Daily Practices 1320
18. On the Greatness at the Devi Puja 1324
19. on the Mid-day Sandhya 1328
20. On the Description of Brahma Yajna Sandhyas etc. 1330
21. On the Gayatri Purascarnam 1334
22. On the Rules of Vaisavadeva 1339
23. On the Tapta Krcchra Vrata and Others 1342
24. On Sadacara 1347
 
The Book XII
 
1. On the Description of the Gayatri 1357
2. On the Description of of the Saktis etc., of the Syllables of Gayatri 1359
3. On the Description of Gayatri Kavavam 1360
4. On the Gayatri Hrdayam 1362
5. On the Gayatri Stotram 1364
6. On the One thousand and Eight Names of the Gayatri 1366
7. On the Diksa Vidhi (Intiation) 1375
8. On the Appearance of the Highest Sakti 1386
9. On the Cause of Sraddha in the Other Devas than the Devi Gayatri 1393
10. On the Description of the Mani Dvipa 1400
11. On the Description of the Enclosure Walls Built of Padmaragamani, etc. of the Mani Dvipa 1406
12. On the Description of the Mani Dvipa 1413
13. On the Janamejaya's Devi Yajna 1418
14. On the Recitation of the Fruits of this Puranam 1420
Index of Slokas   1423

 

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