Subscribe for Newsletters and Discounts
Be the first to receive our thoughtfully written
religious articles and product discounts.
Your interests (Optional)
This will help us make recommendations and send discounts and sale information at times.
By registering, you may receive account related information, our email newsletters and product updates, no more than twice a month. Please read our Privacy Policy for details.
.
By subscribing, you will receive our email newsletters and product updates, no more than twice a month. All emails will be sent by Exotic India using the email address info@exoticindia.com.

Please read our Privacy Policy for details.
|6
Your Cart (0)
Share our website with your friends.
Email this page to a friend
Books > Philosophy > Studies on The Carvaka/Lokayata
Displaying 1668 of 2804         Previous  |  NextSubscribe to our newsletter and discounts
Studies on The Carvaka/Lokayata
Pages from the book
Studies on The Carvaka/Lokayata
Look Inside the Book
Description

About the Book

 

Studies on the Carvaka/Lokayata is the first attempt at a scientific study of the Carvaka/Lokayata, the materialist system of philosophy that flourished in ancient India between the eighth and twelfth centuries CE, and which has since disappeared. Despite the paucity of material relating to the Carvaka, a reconstruction of its basic tenets reveals it to be the lone contender standing against the perceived binary of pro-Vedic Brahminical schools on the one hand, and the non-Vedic Buddhist and Jain schools on the other.

 

This study seeks to disprove certain notions about the Carvaka/Lokayata, particularly that the Carvaka-s did not approve of any instrument of cognition other than perception, and that they advocated unalloyed sensualism and hedonism. In contrast, this volume offers evidence to show that the Carvaka-s, despite their difference of opinion in other areas, did admit inference in so far as it was grounded on perception. Furthermore, the author argues that the common belief that ‘all materialists are nothing but sensualists’ is a misconception, as no authentic Carvaka aphorisms have been cited by the movement’s opponents to support this view.

 

This study also seeks to establish the fact that a pre-Carvaka school of materialism existed in India, although there is no way to prove that the Carvaka system grew out of it. Yet if the evidence provided by the Manimekalai - and indirectly supported by the Mahabharata - is admitted, it could be suggested that the two schools existed simultaneously.

 

About the Author

 

Ramkrishna Bhattacharya is an Emeritus Fellow in English at the University Grants Commission, New Delhi. He is the author of 15 books and more than 150 research papers on Indian and European literature, textual criticism (Bangla and Sanskrit), the history of ideas, the history of science in India, the history of modern India, and philosophy - particularly on the Carvaka/ Lokayata system, materialism and rationalism.

 

Preface

 

I started writing on the Carvaka, the most uncompromising materialist school of philosophy in ancient India, from 1995 and have continued to work on its different aspects. My researches on this subject are now being offered in a revised and enlarged form, thanks to the interest shown by Dr Federico Squarcini, Florence University.

 

Each chapter is meant to be read separately, hence some repetitions have been retained. In some cases, references have been made to other chapters. This makes every chapter self-complete and, at the same time, helps readers follow my line of argument.

 

Admittedly, there is paucity of material relating to the Carvaka. Still, as in the case of the Presocratic philosophers of Greece, it is possible to reconstruct the basic tenets of this system on the basis of whatever little is found in the works of its opponents and the extracts quoted by them. Notwithstanding distortions, the Carvaka/Lokayata has emerged as the lone contender against the pro-Vedic Brahminical schools on the one hand, and the non-Vedic Buddhist and Jain schools on the other. Besides the orthodoxy prevailing around the Vedas, belief in after-life and after-world has been the bone of contention. This will be evident from the way I have arranged the Carvaka fragments in Chapter 6.

 

My endeavour has been to disprove certain notions about the Carvaka/Lokayata -two of which are generally admitted as being beyond doubt. They are as follows: (a) the Carvaka-s did not approve of any other instrument of cognition except perception, and (b) they advocated unalloyed sensualism and hedonism. I have tried to show that both the charges are groundless calumnies. As to the first charge, there is enough evidence to show that the Carvaka-s, in spite of their difference of opinion in other areas, did admit inference in so far as it was grounded on perception. As to the second charge, my contention is that no authentic Carvaka aphorisms have been cited by the opponents of the Carvaka to support their view, Moreover, the same charge was brought also against Epicurus, despite the fact that he disapproved of sensual gratification as the end of life. The common belief that all materialists are nothing but sensualists is a misconception.

 

It has also been my endeavour to establish the fact that there existed a pre-Carvaka school of materialism in India, although there is no way to prove that the Carvaka system grew out of it. On the other hand, if the evidence provided by the Manimekalai (and indirectly supported by the Mahabharatas is admitted, the two schools seem to have continued to exist side by side. The chief difference between the two is that the earlier materialists took the number of elements to be five (earth, air, fire, water and space) while the Carvaka-s admitted only the first four.

 

It is now for the readers to judge how far I have succeeded in my attempts.

 

Contents

 

 

Preface

9

 

Acknowledgements

11

 

Abbreviations

13

i.

Origin of Materialism in India: Royal or Popular?

21

ii.

Jain Sources for the Study of Pre-Carvaka Materialist Ideas in India

33

iii

Ajita Kesakambala: Nihilist or Materialist?

45

iv.

Perception and Inference in the Carvaka Philosophy

55

v.

Commentators of the Carvakasutra

65

vi.

Caroaka Fragments: A New Collection

69

vii.

On the Authenticity of an Alleged Carvaka Aphorism

105

viii.

Paurandarasutra Revisited

109

ix.

What Did the Carvaka-s Mean by sukham jivet?

123

x.

Samkhya, Yoga and Lokayata in the Kautiliya Arthasastra. A Re-View

131

xi.

Yogacara against the Carvaka: A Critical Survey of Tattvasangraha, Chapter 22

137

xii.

Jayantabhatta’s Representation of the Carvaka: A Critique

147

xiii.

What does Udayana Mean by lokavyavaharasiddha iti carvakah?

159

xiv.

Hemacandra on the Carvaka: A Survey

163

xv.

Haribhadra’s Saddarsanasamuccaya, Verses 81-84: A Study

175

xvi.

The Significance of Lokayata in Pali

187

xvii.

On Lokayata and Lokayatana in Buddhist Sanskrit

193

xviii.

Lokayata and Lokayatana in Sanskrit Dictionaries

197

xix.

rnam krtva ghrtam pibet: Who Said This?

201

xx.

jivika dhatrnirmita or jiviketi brhaspatih?

207

xxi.

mrtanamapi jantunam

213

xxii.

Carvaka/Lokayata Philosophy: Perso-Arabic Sources

219

xxiii.

What is Meant by nastika in the Nyayasutra Commentary?

227

 

Bibliography

233

 

Sample Page

Studies on The Carvaka/Lokayata

Item Code:
NAJ318
Cover:
Paperback
Edition:
2012
Publisher:
ISBN:
9789380601663
Language:
English
Size:
8.5 inch X 5.5 inch
Pages:
252
Other Details:
Weight of the Book: 285 gms
Price:
$25.00
Discounted:
$20.00   Shipping Free
You Save:
$5.00 (20%)
Look Inside the Book
Notify me when this item is available
Notify me when this item is available
You will be notified when this item is available
Add to Wishlist
Send as e-card
Send as free online greeting card
Studies on The Carvaka/Lokayata

Verify the characters on the left

From:
Edit     
You will be informed as and when your card is viewed. Please note that your card will be active in the system for 30 days.

Viewed 1745 times since 29th Nov, 2014

About the Book

 

Studies on the Carvaka/Lokayata is the first attempt at a scientific study of the Carvaka/Lokayata, the materialist system of philosophy that flourished in ancient India between the eighth and twelfth centuries CE, and which has since disappeared. Despite the paucity of material relating to the Carvaka, a reconstruction of its basic tenets reveals it to be the lone contender standing against the perceived binary of pro-Vedic Brahminical schools on the one hand, and the non-Vedic Buddhist and Jain schools on the other.

 

This study seeks to disprove certain notions about the Carvaka/Lokayata, particularly that the Carvaka-s did not approve of any instrument of cognition other than perception, and that they advocated unalloyed sensualism and hedonism. In contrast, this volume offers evidence to show that the Carvaka-s, despite their difference of opinion in other areas, did admit inference in so far as it was grounded on perception. Furthermore, the author argues that the common belief that ‘all materialists are nothing but sensualists’ is a misconception, as no authentic Carvaka aphorisms have been cited by the movement’s opponents to support this view.

 

This study also seeks to establish the fact that a pre-Carvaka school of materialism existed in India, although there is no way to prove that the Carvaka system grew out of it. Yet if the evidence provided by the Manimekalai - and indirectly supported by the Mahabharata - is admitted, it could be suggested that the two schools existed simultaneously.

 

About the Author

 

Ramkrishna Bhattacharya is an Emeritus Fellow in English at the University Grants Commission, New Delhi. He is the author of 15 books and more than 150 research papers on Indian and European literature, textual criticism (Bangla and Sanskrit), the history of ideas, the history of science in India, the history of modern India, and philosophy - particularly on the Carvaka/ Lokayata system, materialism and rationalism.

 

Preface

 

I started writing on the Carvaka, the most uncompromising materialist school of philosophy in ancient India, from 1995 and have continued to work on its different aspects. My researches on this subject are now being offered in a revised and enlarged form, thanks to the interest shown by Dr Federico Squarcini, Florence University.

 

Each chapter is meant to be read separately, hence some repetitions have been retained. In some cases, references have been made to other chapters. This makes every chapter self-complete and, at the same time, helps readers follow my line of argument.

 

Admittedly, there is paucity of material relating to the Carvaka. Still, as in the case of the Presocratic philosophers of Greece, it is possible to reconstruct the basic tenets of this system on the basis of whatever little is found in the works of its opponents and the extracts quoted by them. Notwithstanding distortions, the Carvaka/Lokayata has emerged as the lone contender against the pro-Vedic Brahminical schools on the one hand, and the non-Vedic Buddhist and Jain schools on the other. Besides the orthodoxy prevailing around the Vedas, belief in after-life and after-world has been the bone of contention. This will be evident from the way I have arranged the Carvaka fragments in Chapter 6.

 

My endeavour has been to disprove certain notions about the Carvaka/Lokayata -two of which are generally admitted as being beyond doubt. They are as follows: (a) the Carvaka-s did not approve of any other instrument of cognition except perception, and (b) they advocated unalloyed sensualism and hedonism. I have tried to show that both the charges are groundless calumnies. As to the first charge, there is enough evidence to show that the Carvaka-s, in spite of their difference of opinion in other areas, did admit inference in so far as it was grounded on perception. As to the second charge, my contention is that no authentic Carvaka aphorisms have been cited by the opponents of the Carvaka to support their view, Moreover, the same charge was brought also against Epicurus, despite the fact that he disapproved of sensual gratification as the end of life. The common belief that all materialists are nothing but sensualists is a misconception.

 

It has also been my endeavour to establish the fact that there existed a pre-Carvaka school of materialism in India, although there is no way to prove that the Carvaka system grew out of it. On the other hand, if the evidence provided by the Manimekalai (and indirectly supported by the Mahabharatas is admitted, the two schools seem to have continued to exist side by side. The chief difference between the two is that the earlier materialists took the number of elements to be five (earth, air, fire, water and space) while the Carvaka-s admitted only the first four.

 

It is now for the readers to judge how far I have succeeded in my attempts.

 

Contents

 

 

Preface

9

 

Acknowledgements

11

 

Abbreviations

13

i.

Origin of Materialism in India: Royal or Popular?

21

ii.

Jain Sources for the Study of Pre-Carvaka Materialist Ideas in India

33

iii

Ajita Kesakambala: Nihilist or Materialist?

45

iv.

Perception and Inference in the Carvaka Philosophy

55

v.

Commentators of the Carvakasutra

65

vi.

Caroaka Fragments: A New Collection

69

vii.

On the Authenticity of an Alleged Carvaka Aphorism

105

viii.

Paurandarasutra Revisited

109

ix.

What Did the Carvaka-s Mean by sukham jivet?

123

x.

Samkhya, Yoga and Lokayata in the Kautiliya Arthasastra. A Re-View

131

xi.

Yogacara against the Carvaka: A Critical Survey of Tattvasangraha, Chapter 22

137

xii.

Jayantabhatta’s Representation of the Carvaka: A Critique

147

xiii.

What does Udayana Mean by lokavyavaharasiddha iti carvakah?

159

xiv.

Hemacandra on the Carvaka: A Survey

163

xv.

Haribhadra’s Saddarsanasamuccaya, Verses 81-84: A Study

175

xvi.

The Significance of Lokayata in Pali

187

xvii.

On Lokayata and Lokayatana in Buddhist Sanskrit

193

xviii.

Lokayata and Lokayatana in Sanskrit Dictionaries

197

xix.

rnam krtva ghrtam pibet: Who Said This?

201

xx.

jivika dhatrnirmita or jiviketi brhaspatih?

207

xxi.

mrtanamapi jantunam

213

xxii.

Carvaka/Lokayata Philosophy: Perso-Arabic Sources

219

xxiii.

What is Meant by nastika in the Nyayasutra Commentary?

227

 

Bibliography

233

 

Sample Page

Post a Comment
 
Post Review
Post a Query
For privacy concerns, please view our Privacy Policy

Warning: mysql_fetch_assoc() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /home/exotic/newexotic/rightside_details.php on line 620

Related Items

Lokayata/Carvaka - A Philosophical Inquiry
by Pradeep P. Gokhale
Hardcover (Edition: 2015)
Oxford University Press
Item Code: NAL254
$45.00$36.00
You save: $9.00 (20%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Lokayata –A Critical Study (Indian Spiritualism Reaffirmed)
by Shubhada A.Joshi
Hardcover (Edition: 1995)
Sri Satguru Publications
Item Code: NAD853
$32.50$26.00
You save: $6.50 (20%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Charvaka Philosophy (An Old and Rare Book)
Item Code: NAM015
$15.00$12.00
You save: $3.00 (20%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Uniqueness of Carvaka Philosophy in Traditional Indian Thought
by Bhupender Heera
Hardcover (Edition: 2011)
Decent Books, New Delhi
Item Code: NAC557
$22.00$17.60
You save: $4.40 (20%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Materialistic Outlook In The Epics and Puranas
by Sharbani Chattopadhyay
Hardcover (Edition: 2009)
Sanskrit Pustak Bhandar
Item Code: NAD807
$25.00$20.00
You save: $5.00 (20%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
A Course in Indian Philosophy
Item Code: NAC659
$25.00$20.00
You save: $5.00 (20%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Pandit N. R. Bhatt: Felicitation Volume (An Old and Rare Book)
Item Code: NAM459
$40.00$32.00
You save: $8.00 (20%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Contemporary Approaches To Indian Philosophy
Item Code: NAH461
$20.00$16.00
You save: $4.00 (20%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
The Philosophical Traditions of India: An Appraisal
by Raffaele Torella
Hardcover (Edition: 2011)
Indica Books
Item Code: NAB859
$35.00$28.00
You save: $7.00 (20%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Ethics in Indian Materialist Philosophy (In its Social Perspective)
Item Code: NAH532
$40.00$32.00
You save: $8.00 (20%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Evolution of Indian Philosophy: Andhra University Philosophical Studies, no. 8
Item Code: IDI946
$19.00$15.20
You save: $3.80 (20%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
A History of Indian Philosophy (5 Vols. Set)
Item Code: IDD346
$105.00$84.00
You save: $21.00 (20%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Prabodhacandradaya of Krsna Misra
Item Code: IDJ358
$22.50$18.00
You save: $4.50 (20%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
A Source Book of Indian Materialism
Item Code: NAK900
$35.00$28.00
You save: $7.00 (20%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now

Testimonials

Very grateful for this service, of making this precious treasure of Haveli Sangeet for ThakurJi so easily in the US. Appreciate the fact that notation is provided.
Leena, USA.
The Bhairava painting I ordered by Sri Kailash Raj is excellent. I have been purchasing from Exotic India for well over a decade and am always beyond delighted with my extraordinary purchases and customer service. Thank you.
Marc, UK
I have been buying from Exotic India for years and am always pleased and excited to receive my packages. Thanks for the quality products.
Delia, USA
As ever, brilliant price and service.
Howard, UK.
The best and fastest service worldwide - I am in Australia and I put in a big order of books (14 items) on a Wednesday; it was sent on Friday and arrived at my doorstep early on Monday morning - amazing! All very securely packed in a very strong cardboard box. I have bought several times from Exotic India and the service is always exceptionally good. THANK YOU and NAMASTE!
Charles (Rudra)
I just wanted to say that this is I think my 3rd (big) order from you, and the last two times I received immaculate service, the books arrived well and it has been a very pleasant experience. Just wanted to say thanks for your efficient service.
Shantala, Belgium
Thank you so much EXOTIC INDIA for the wonderfull packaging!! I received my order today and it was gift wrapped with so much love and taste in a beautiful golden gift wrap and everything was neat and beautifully packed. Also my order came very fast... i am impressed! Besides selling fantastic items, you provide an exceptional customer service and i will surely purchase again from you! I am very glad and happy :) Thank you, Salma
Salma, Canada.
Artwork received today. Very pleased both with the product quality and speed of delivery. Many thanks for your help.
Carl, UK.
I wanted to let you know how happy we are with our framed pieces of Shree Durga and Shree Kali. Thank you and thank your framers for us. By the way, this month we offered a Puja and Yagna to the Ardhanarishwara murti we purchased from you last November. The Brahmin priest, Shree Vivek Godbol, who was visiting LA preformed the rites. He really loved our murti and thought it very paka. I am so happy to have found your site , it is very paka and trustworthy. Plus such great packing and quick shipping. Thanks for your service Vipin, it is a pleasure.
Gina, USA
My marble statue of Durga arrived today in perfect condition, it's such a beautiful statue. Thanks again for giving me a discount on it, I'm always very pleased with the items I order from you. You always have the best quality items.
Charles, Tennessee
TRUSTe
Language:
Currency:
All rights reserved. Copyright 2017 © Exotic India