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Uttara Kalamrita (Kalidasa): A Rare and Invaluable Treasure House of Astrological Lore: Sanskrit Text, English Translation, Notes and Illustrations

Uttara Kalamrita (Kalidasa): A Rare and Invaluable Treasure House of Astrological Lore: Sanskrit Text, English Translation, Notes and Illustrations

Specifications

Item Code: IDK783

by Dr. P.S. Sastri

Paperback (Edition: 2005)

Expr1: [keyword], sanskrit
ISBN 8188230405

Size: 8.4" X 5.5"
Pages: 262
Price: $22.50
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Description

From the Jacket

A rare work attributed to Kalidasa. It provides an exhaustive list of the significators of houses and plants. It offers new avenues for the yoga Karakas for each Lagna and for the solar return Charts.

There are remarkable guidelines regarding the major and minor periods of Saturn, Venus, Jupiter, Mars and the like. It is a precious work not to be missed. The text is based on PARASARA and JAIMINI and it is substantiated by the author's own experience.

Preface

Demand of the growing readership of the astrologers all over the world is for critical and illustrated versions of book of astrology. Particularly the classics and their translations. Those who have the ability to appraise critically some of the classical concepts should produce their researchers but not attempt translations unless their knowledge of Sanskrit is sound enough.

The real difficulties is with those who translate Sanskrit texts uncritically and do damage to the cause of astrology. It is left to great scholars like Dr. P. S. Sastry to show the way out this tangle and he does it with commendable case in this book in many way.

First he establishes clearly that the Kalidas of this book, Uttarkalamrita is different from the great Kalidas of the Shakuntalam fame. The present author was a south Indian who came after the sixteenth century.

In the chapter on longevity, Dr. Sastry is harsh on the author and proves him wrong in many places but it is easily the most educative chapter in the book as it contains some apt illustrations. Using of navamsas might have been better in some places. The horary part is totally unillustrated but is sufficiently lucid and clear for other astrologers to try the unique methods given.

It is only Dr. Sastry who can say with confidence that child marriages etc had no social and scriptural sanction in Vedic times interpolations in Smritis was done to justify some wrong social practices.

Scholarship of Sanskrit, of theoretical and practical aspects of astrology and the ability to produce a commentary with over one hundred illustrations can be done only by a master scholar of our times. Readers will benefit and feel grateful to Dr. Sastry for this book.

Introduction

Uttar Kalamrita is an important landmark in the history of Indian astrology. The text was first printed in the Telugu script and it was attributed to Kalidasa. But he is not the celebrated author of Raghu Vansa. Kumara Sambhava, Shakuntalam and other works. The reference to Andhra Bhasha (5.36), Urdu or Persian (5.53) Turushka (5.49), Sukkani (8.31), Rahu Kala (Second Kanda 29) and other things show that he came after the sixteenth century. His use of the words Udyoga (6.42) got job, mud-cleaning (Second Kanda 67-68), Smarta (Second Kanda 35), Nadi and Vinadi, Sarasa-sallapa (a peculiar Telugu expression, 5.43), Tyajya Kala (8.8) and other prove that he is south Indian. His opposition to the marriage with the daughter of the maternal uncle (Second kanda, 10-11)references to the usages in the South (12 in the Second) and the Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.

The Ratha Saptami day should have the Constellation Anuradha (Kanda 2.44) shows his bad bad acquaintance with astronomy. His views on the direction of the well (8.33), upanayana and other things contradict the earlier Kalamrita.

The third chapter is a little unacceptable as it violates many accepted principles. There are many self-contradictory ideas. These views have been examined on our notes. At places the author appears to reject the authority of Manu and Apastamba. Some of the problems covered in the earlier Kalamrita appear in this work. Evidently this author did not write that Kalamrita. These and other factors convince us that the author belongs to a time after the 16th or the 17th century.

There is a Shankara Vijaya attributed to Madhava Vidyaranya. But the next clearly states that the author was condensing the work of Vyasachala (17th century) and that he was called Abhinava Kalidasa. Possibly the author of Uttarakalamrita is the same one or a person like him.

All this however, does not belittle the value of the present work. Some of the salient features may be noted:

(1) He gives a method of finding the past, present and future births. This is different from the one giver by Varahamihira and others.

(2) There are special kinds of Raja Yogas and their bhanga (destruction). Particular mention is to be made of Viparita Raja Yoga.

(3) The annual solar return chart is interpreted and examined in a manner that differs from the Tajika method. This is very original. It is simple and interesting.

(4) There is an elaborate account of Rahu and Ketu.

(5) The way of interpreting retrograde planets in their exaltation and debilitation is of much value.

(6) The mutual periods of Shani and Shukra, Guru and Shukra and the like of much value.

(7) Muhurta and nimitta discussed in the eighth chapter is worth studying.

(8) The first part of the second kanda deals with religious and other rites. This part we have separated into one chapter.

(9) Guru and Shani are taken as co-workers. Owning the last four signs these are the philosophical planets. Though the rule happiness and misery, they must have a benefic mutual relation.

(10) Jaimini's system of astrology is simplified.

(11) Horary astrology and the way of treating the lost or unknown dates of birth are explained. These are not simple copying from earlier works.

In short, Uttara Kalamrita is a good compendium, a standard text based on experience, and a treasure house. We have given 116 charts to illustrate.

The author is a South Indian, and a devotes of the great Mother Goddess, Para Shakti, Maha Tripura Sundari. He belongs to late 17th or early 18th century.

M/s Ranjan Publications deserves our praise for bringing out this text into English. The illustrative example given by us are only indications intended to stimulate further research. The present translator and commentator is deeply indebted to M/s Ranjan Publications.

Contents

Kanda I

Chapter I
Shlokas
1.Obeissance to Ganapati17
2.Obeissance to Para Shakti18
3.previous part of the text and the purpose of the present part18
4.Time of birth, planets and bhavas19
5-6.Rectification of the time of birth22
7.Position of Mandi23
8.Position of Gulika24
9.Delivery room25
10.Birth when the father is away. Nature of the delivery 25
11.Details about the delivery room26
Chapter II
1.Right side and left side. Functions of the Sun and the Moon27
2-3.Relations among the planets27
3-4.Sapta Vargas28
4-5.Exaltation sign and strength of the planets29
6.Exaltation, debilitation and retrogression 29
7-8.Hora Drekkana, Saptamsa30
8-9.Navamsa, Dvadasamsa, Trimsamsa33
9-10.Strength of the Saptavargas34
10-11.Strength of Uchcha and Kendra36
11-12.Strength of odd and even signs and Drekkana36
12-13.Directional strength36
13-15.Pakshabala, Diva-ratri bala Natonnata bala 37
16-17.Strength of the lords of the year, month and day of birth39
17-18.Ayana and Cheshta strength. Planetary War40
18-19.Aspects42
19-20.Strength of aspects43
20-21.Natural strength, Shadbala44
21-23.Rectified Shadbala, Strength and Weakness of planets, Nature of their major periods45
Chapter III
1.Amsa Ayurdaya47
2.Various kinds of reductions49
3. Longevity given by lagna in Amsa Ayurdaya51
4.Knowledge of the good and bad in past, present and future lives52
5.How to compute longevity in these three births52
6.Long, Medium, short life, Effects of malefics in 1,4,7,10,5,9,8,and 12 53
7.Short life and no children56
8.Very short life58
Chapter IV
1.A great person of fame64
2.Yogas destroying the above66
3.Special Raja Yogas68
4.Raja yogas from the lords of 9 and 1071
5.Yogas continued73
6.When is a Bhava destroyed?75
7.Lord of the lagna in the three Drekkanas75
8. Yogas causes by Chandra, Kuja and Shani 76
9.Guru, Shukra and Rahu78
10.When is a Bhava worthless?80
11.Lord of the Bhava Promoting it81
12.When is a Bhava destroyed81
13.Benefit nature of a planet to be determined81
14.Association of a planet with benefics and malefics84
15.Bala, Vriddha, Astangata, Vijita states, Special features85
16.Where do benefics malefics prove auspicious86
17.Gradations88
18.Effects of Bhavas89
19.Chhadaka planets89
20.Chhadaka, Vedhaka, Bandhaka and Pratibandhaka, Marakas for the Bhavas90
21.Different Vedhas and Longevity90
22.Viparita Rajayogas91
23.Special yogas for supreme power94
24.Chatushtaya, Kendra, Kantaka, Panaphara, Apoklima, Kona, Upachaya, Lagna and Janma94
25.Sun and Moon, three Gunas94
26.Adhi Yoga96
27.Owning wealth97
28.Dhana Yogas98
29.Planets in kendras and panapharas100
30.Special Dhana yogas100
31.Movable, fixed, and dual signs, and their strength, chhadaka and vedhaka101
32.When does the yoga fructify?101
33.Moon in the above yogas102
34.Arudhas and Padas103
35.Results of eight padas104
36.Children – their sex and number105
37.Childlessness and adoption 106
38.Number of wives107
39.Wife107
40.First and the subsequent wives108
41.Brothers and Sisters109
42.Adhikagraha110
43.Planets with Adhikagraha110
44-45.Effects of planets from this adhikagraha111-112
Chapter V
1-2. Karakatvas of the first bhavas 113
2-3. Karakatvas of the second bhavas 114
4-5. Karakatvas of the third bhavas 114
5-7. Karakatvas of the fourth bhavas 115
8-10. Karakatvas of the fifth bhavas 116
10-12. Karakatvas of the sixth bhavas 117
12-14. Karakatvas of the seventh bhavas 118
14-16 Karakatvas of the eighth bhavas 118-119
16-17. Karakatvas of the ninth bhavas 119
18-19. Karakatvas of the tenth bhavas 123
19-21. Karakatvas of the eleventh bhavas 123-124
21-23. Karakatvas of the twelfth bhavas 124
23-26. Karakatvas of the Ravi125
26-29. Karakatvas of the Chandra126-127
30-34. Karakatvas of the Kju127-128
34-37 Karakatvas of the Budha129
38-41. Karakatvas of the Guru130-131
42-46. Karakatvas of the Shukra132
46-50. Karakatvas of the Shani133-134
51-53. Karakatvas of the Rahu135
53-55. Karakatvas of the Ketu136
Chapter VI
1.Nine avasthas of the planets138
2.Need for using major and sub-periods139
3.Vamshottari Dasa and its sequence139
4.How to calculate the balance Dasa at birth140
5-8.Calculation of sub-periods. Effects of the Dasas of the Sun and the Moon142-144
8-9.Major period of Kuja144
9-10. Major period of Budha145
10-11. Major period of Guru145
11-12. Major period of Shukra145
12-13. Major period of Shani146
13-14. Major period of Rahu146
14-15.Major period of Ketu147
15-16.Rahu and Kutu as maracas and as benefics148
16-17.Rahu and Ketu in the four dual signs149
17-18.Rahu and Ketu in other signs149
18-19.Rahu and Ketu in 6,8,12 and other matters150
19-20.Rahu and Ketu with Yoga karakas151
20-21.Exaltation, debilitation, mulatrikona, and own signs of Rahu and Ketu. Their friends and others151
21-22.Rahu and Ketu in relation to the lord of signs they occupy153
22-23.The results of a subperiod in a major period 154
23-24.Which major and minor periods are benefic, average and bad154
24-25.Malefic and benefic nature of the lord of the subperiod define155
25-26.Effects of the sub-periods in relation to the major period. Same dasa giving Rajayoga and also death155
26-27.When does a Rajayoga planet postpone death?156
27-29.Guru and Shukra in their mutual periods156
29-31.Mutual periods of Shukra and Shani157-159.
31-32.Mutual periods of Ravi and Shani160
32-33.Mutual periods of Kuja and Guru160
33-34.Mutual periods of Buddha and Guru, Buddha and Shukra, Guru and the Moon, Shukra and the Moon, Guru and the Sun, Sun and Kuja, Ravi and Buddha161
34-38.Annual solar return – Varsha Phala161-165
38-43.Results of the periods during the year of the solar return165-167
Chapter VII
1.Lost horoscopes or unavailable dates and times of births168
2-3.Method to find out the exact lagna168-169
4.Position of Jupiter at the time of birth169
5.Nashta Jataka and its assessment170
6.Dhatu, Mula, Jiva170
7.Lagna at the time of Query171
8.Subject of the Query171
9.Results to be predicted171
10.When will the answer be fulfilled?172
11-12.Division of the Zodiac and how to answer the queries172-173
13.Sthula and Sukshma moon at the time of the question173
14-15.Subject of the question174
16.Terms chara, sthira, dvisvabhava, garbha, dvara and bahya defined. In which hand is the thing?175
17.Is the thing long or short? What is its colour?175
18.Time of fructification175
19.Effects of the time of question176
Chapter VIII
1.Garbhadhana178
2.Nisheka and garbhadhana178
3-4.How to see that a girl of advanced age having no menses, fit179
5.Aslesha and Magha. Shanties to be performed179
6.Jyeshtha and Mula, Revati and Ashvini180
7.Puberty at gandantara181
8.Tyajyakala, Effects of eclipses182
9.Amrita ghatikas for medicine182
10-11.Adoption184-185
12.Preliminaries for marriage185
13.Marriage invitations186
14.Kurma Chakra for inaugurating a new house187
15.Auspicious time for constructing a new house187
16.Vrishabha and Kalasa Chakras for entering a new house188
17-19.Dasa-dasi chakra for engaging a new servant or a servant maid189
19-20.Cattle to be given or purchased190
20-21.Asva chakra for mounting a horse190
21-22.Gaja chakra for mounting an elephant191
22-23.Shibika Rohana getting into a palanquin191
23-24.Chhatra Chakra – Royal Umbrella192
25.Khatwa chakra for mounting a cot192
26.Chapa Dhanush chakra193
27.Ratha chakra193
28.Ghurna chakra193
29.Sugar cane194
30.Ploughing194
31.New boat195
32.New lamp195
33.New Well or tank196
34.New Pillar196
35.Door197
36.New Oven197
37.New Box198
38-39.Where to settle in a town or country198
40.Upanayana200
41-44.Nidhi chakra201
44-45.Hidden Treasure202
46.What kind of a Treasure is it?202
47.The kind of vessel203
48.Is there any treasure?203
49-50.Vivaha chakra204
Second Kanda

Chapter 1
1.marriage205
2-7.Sapindya206-208
8.Same continued209
9.Brother less girl's marriage209
10.Five bad customs south of the narmada210
11.Bad customs in the East210
12.Marriage with the daughter of a maternal uncle211
13.Children of the different wives of the same father212
14.Marriage prohibitions212
15.Eating before and after marriage213
16.Pancha Sutri213
17.Six Pindas in a Shraddha213
18.Who is elder among the twins?214
19.Twelve kinds of children215
20-21.Adopted son216
22.Study of the Veda217
23-24.Gotra and Pnida-pradana for the adopted son217-218
25Shraddha218
26.Pani Homa219
27.Shraddha and Bhikshus219
28.Rites of other Bhikshus219
29.Bath in the Sea220
30.Restrictions regarding food for windows and ascetics221
31-32.Who can offer pandas?222
33-36.Upanayana223-225
37.marriage and Menstruation225
38-41.Ten avataras of Vishnu226-227
42.Janmashtami and Ganesha Chaturthi228
43.Rishi Panchami, Ananta Chaturdasi, Maraka Chaturdasi228
44-47.Skanda puja, Ratha Saptami, Shiva Ratri, Ekadashi and Dvadashi228-230
48.Eclipses and Shraddha231
49.Ashaucha231
50.Intercalary month and Shraddha231
51.Solar ingress – Auspicious time232
52-54.Tarpana and Vaisvadeva233
55-56.Nandi Shraddha when father is alive234
57.When the wife has conceived235
58.Tarpana and Shraddha235
59-61.Shraddha236-237
62-65.Menstrual periods238-239
66.Time to be dropped239
67-69.Urination and excretion240-241
70.Bath241
71.When are the rivers in menstruation?242
72.Fingers242
73.Pradosha243
74-76.Tarpanas in Shraddha243-244
Chapter II
1. Zodic 246
2. Planetary aspects 247
3.Benefics in kendras and konas. Lord of 8 and 12247
4.Guru and Shukra as Marakas. Luminaries owning the eight house247
5-7.Rahu and Ketu. Their benefic and malefic results and their major or minor periods. Houses 9,10,8248-249
8.Marakas places. Who is a malefic?249
9.Shani as a Maraka. Other marakas and their periods250
10.Nature of the subperiods in the period of a planet owning a kona. Kendra lords, yoga karakas and death250
11.Major period of a yoga karaka and the subperiods in his own period250
12.Subperiod of planets with the nodes251
13.Mutual periods of Shani and Kuja. Lords of lagna and Chandra lagna. Raja yogas.251
14.Benefics, malefics and maracas for persons born in Mesha lagna and Vrishabha lagna253
15.Vrishabha, Mithuna and Karka lagnas253
16.Karka, Simha and Kanya lagnas254
17.Kanya and Tula lagnas254
18.Vrischika and Dhanur lagnas255
19.Dhanush and Makara lagnas256
20.Kumbha and Mina lagnas256
21.Good and bad effects given by planets257
22.Difficulties in interpretation257
23.Malefics, marakas258
24.Guru, Shukra and Shani258
25.Chandra and Shukra. Lords of 3, 6, 7, 8, and 11259
26.Chandra, Shukra, Rahu and meteors259
27.Longevity260
28.Day, Tithi and Nakshatra for illegitimate children261
29.Vanhi Pata Yoga261
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