Padmasambhava is holding a vajra in his right hand, while his left hand is embracing his consort and holding a skull cup with a small nectar vase. He wears heavy multi-color beautiful monastic robes, a scholar's hat with half vajra and a peacock feather on the top. The sun and moon on his hat symbolizes Guru's cosmic omnipotence as well as his perpetual alertness day and bight. The consort of Padmasambhava is represented with one, two arms and two legs. Her both the legs are wrapped around his waist. Her left hand is holding a skull cup, while her right is behind his neck. She is adorned with beautiful ornaments, scarves and skirt. Adi-Buddha Vajradhara is seated just above the halo of Padmasambhava in a rainbow circle in clouds.
There is a semicircle above the ornate aureole of the Guru, depicting eight semi-fierce deities in union with female counterpart. Each deity is in five colors, depicted inside in a rainbow circle. These figures are identical in the case of attributes and posture. All the deities are supposed to be one of the forms of the Guru Padmasambhava. The male deities are holding drum in their right hand and vajra-bell in the left hand, while their consorts hold skull cup in the left hand, and the right hands are behind the neck of their consorts.
The middle ground, foreground and upper corners are filled with figures the famous twenty-five chief disciples of Padmasambhava. Though it is difficult to identify all of them by name as their names are not written, however Gyalwa chogyang also known as the green Hayagriva as the horse-head emerging from his own head, can easily be identify who is seated on the right of Padmasambhava. Among the flying lamas are perhaps Namkay and Jnankumara. The bottom center depicts the Tibetan king Trisong Detsen. The twenty-five major disciples of Padmasambhava were:
1. King Trisong Detsen himself ;
2. Queen Yeshe Tsigyal;
4. Gyalwa Chogyang;
5. Namkay Nyingpo;
6. Yeshe Shonu;
7. Yeshe Yang;
8. Yeshe De;
11. Gyalwa Lodro;
12. Drog Kichung;
14. Ma Rinchenchok;
15. Queen Yeshe Tsogyal's brother Pelgyi Dorje;
16. Gyalwa Jangchub;
17. Nubchen Sangyey Yeshe;
18. Drog Pelgyi Yeshe;
19. Lang Pelgyi Sengey;
20. Dorje Dunjom;
21. Sogpo Hapal (a Mongolian);
22. Pelgyi Wangchuk;
23. Pelgyi Sengey;
24. Another Pelgyi Wangchuk;
25. Konchok Jungnay (the minister);
On the top center Adi-Buddha Samantabhadra Father-Mother are depicted in clouds with rainbow streams in the back.
The painting is very much important and valuable as it contains the figures of Twenty-five chief disciples of Guru Padmasambhava. It is also very much suitable for esoteric sadhana and practices. These types of paintings are scarcely found in the Art mart.
A. Getty, The Gods of Northern Buddhism, Tokyo, 1962
Ben Meulenbeld, Buddhist Symbolism in Tibetan Thangka, Holland, 2001
L.A. Waddell, Buddhism & Lamaism of Tibet, 1895, Delhi, 1979 (reprint)
Marylin M. Rhie & Robert A.F. Thurman, Wisdom and Compassion: The Sacred Art of Tibet New York, 1997
Marylin M. Rhie & Robert A.F. Thurman, Worlds of Transformation: Tibetan Art of Wisdom and Compassion, New York, 1999
This description is by Dr. Shailendra K. Verma, whose Doctorate thesis is on "Emergence and Evolution of the Buddha Image (From its inception to 8th century A.D.)".