Note to the
Bhagavad Gita along with the Upanishads is regarded as the
authoritative scripture for Hindus. However the size of the Bhagavad
Gita-it has 700 verses-precludes its complete
recitation, let alone study by most persons. The popular understanding
of some of the oft-quoted verses of Bhagavad Gita do not do justice to the deep contents of Gita.
Thus there is a long standing demand for an
edition of Gita having about one hundred verses. This
demand has been specially expressed by school teachers who want to teach Gita to children in their spare time.
The current edition is our response to such
needs. It has 126 verses along with their meanings.
This edition has seven highlights briefly
mentioned below and elaborated later:
1) Format: Each verse is divided into 4 parts
(or pada). The meaning of each part is given
separately; each pada is short and has only 3 to 5
2) Sanskrit background: No prior knowledge of
Sanskrit in any form is required.
3) Recitation: user friendly handling of
4) Recitation time: about 25 minutes.
5) Meaning: User friendly
6) Coverage: All the major ideas in Gita are covered here.
7) Utility of the recitation for all including
3. Recitation: User friendly
In the beginning, teacher may focus on one pada (or part) of the mantra. Note each pada
(or part) has only 4 or 5 words; It is easy to recite and to remember each pada. Then the teacher can focus on one shloka.
This book has solved one of the great
difficulties faced by students (and teachers) in pronouncing the compound
letters involving 3 consonants.
We have found in classes that most students
have no difficulty in pronouncing त्यकृत्वा or कृतस्न; it is unfair to
blame the students, or data entry persons. The problem lies with the editor who
prepares the manuscript.
4. Recitation time:
In the beginning, focus on each pada of the verse till the students get competence. During
this phase, the teacher may recite first followed by students. After some
practice, 5 verses can be recited in about one minute. Thus the text requires
25 minutes or less for recitation.
5. User friendliness in meaning:
Here the meaning of each pada
(or part) is given directly. Thus both the text and translation of each verse
has 4 lines. Since each pada has 4 or 5 words, some
diligent students can guess correctly the meanings for the Sanskrit words. Thus
these students are learning Sanskrit also in addition to Bhagavad
All the 700 verses of Gita
fall into several groups, each group having a basic idea. So it is possible to
get a good idea of the important ideas of Gita by
focussing on the key verses of these groups. The 126 verses given here cover
all the major ideas.
Several empirical studies have shown that students
who memorise the long litanies of 100 verses such as this have greater power of
memory (of more. than one order) in their later years than the others. You do
not have to regard Gita as a religious text to get
the benefit. Even otherwise, many persons with great difficulties have
benefitted by reading the verses with meanings. Even if a young student aged 12
or less memorises the Gita and stops the recitation,
still he can recall the verses with some effort when he/she needs it ten or
twenty years later.
We hope and pray that the lovers of Gita will come forward to donate copies of this book in
bulk (say a hundred copies) so that every student in school and college may
possess a copy of Gita.
K : Krishna
We use these letters in the beginning of
Source of All:
Body and field:
Gunas in gift:
Om tat sat:
Work & Sannyas:
Five components of work :
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