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Books > Hindu > Puranas > Bhagavata Purana > भागवततात्पर्यनिर्णय: Bhagavata Tatparya Nirnaya (Set of 4 Volumes)
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भागवततात्पर्यनिर्णय: Bhagavata Tatparya Nirnaya (Set of 4 Volumes)
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भागवततात्पर्यनिर्णय: Bhagavata Tatparya Nirnaya (Set of 4 Volumes)
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Description
Part I


Preface

Bhagavata tatparya nirnaya is a critical exposition of Srimat Bhagavata. It is very brief and comments on only select verses that have a crucial philosophical or theological point. This commentary has three aspects viz.

i) The meaning of the technical words and rare words is given
ii) Brief critical and explanatory remarks are added
iii) Authorities are quoted to substantiate the meaning given or points made.

The third aspect is quite substantive. As many as 224 source books are quoted.

It is proposed to publish this valuable work in three volumes. The first volume contains three skandhas. Two commentaries on this work are also included in this volume.

Prof. K. T. Pandurangi has edited it with the help of three manuscripts procured from Sri Uttaradi Matha and his own collection. We offer our pranamas to Sri Sri Satyamatirtha Swamiji for providing the manuscripts.

Sri Nagendracharya S. Deshpande has assisted Prof. K.T. Pandurangi in editing this work. He has also prepared an index of the large number of authorities quoted in this commentaries. He has good knowledge of sastra and can handle the computer. This ability has considerably helped the editing.

I thank Prof. K.T. Pandurangi and Sri Nagendracharya S. Deshpande for their painstaking work. I thank Shabda Mudrana for neat printing and good getup.




Part II

Preface

Bhagavata tatparya nirnaya is a critical exposition of Srimat Bhagavata. It is very brief and comments on only select verses that have a crucial philosophical or theological point. This commentary has three aspects viz.

i) The meaning of the technical words and rare words is given
ii) Brief critical and explanatory remarks are added
iii) Authorities are quoted to substantiate the meaning given or points made.

The third aspect is quite substantive. As many as 224 source books are quoted.

It is proposed to publish this valuable work in three volumes. The second volume contains 4th to 7th skandhas. Two commentaries on this work are also included in this volume.

Prof. K. T. Pandurangi has edited it with the help of three manuscripts procured from Sri Uttaradi Matha and his own collection. We offer our pranamas to Sri Sri Satyamatirtha Swamiji for providing the manuscripts.

Sri Nagendracharya S. Deshpande has assisted Prof. K.T. Pandurangi in editing this work. He has also prepared an index of the large number of authorities quoted in this commentaries. He has good knowledge of sastra and can handle the computer. This ability has considerably helped the editing.

I thank Prof. K.T. Pandurangi and Sri Nagendracharya S. Deshpande for their painstaking work. I thank Shabda Mudrana for neat printing and good getup.

Introduction

In the course of the introduction to the first volume of Bhagavata Tatparya nirnaya it is already stated that this work of Sri Ananda Tirtha (Sri Madhvacharya) is a critical exposition of Srimad Bhagavata. It is also stated that Bhagavata is quite distinct from Mahabharata, Ramanaya and Puranas in respect of its style, subject matter and the purpose. Its theme is to describe the different incarnations of the Supreme God Narayana, particularly, the incarnation of Sri Krishna.

In the course of this description discourses on philosophy, theology and ethics are introduced. Inculcation of devotion to the Supreme God and detachment from worldly things is stressed. A noble conduct designated as Bhagavata Dharma is advocated all along. In the course of the narration of the main theme the episodes of the Sages, Kings and distinguished devotees are introduced.

The style of Bhagavata is not simple like that of Mahabharata and Puranas. It is scholastic style like later Mahakavyas. The Bhagavata tradition is a continuation of pancharatra tradition. Hence, a number of terms of pancharatra theology are introduced in Bhagavata. It is difficult for an average reader to comprehend the deeper philosophical and theological implication of these terms and the discourses on philosophy and theology. Bhagavata Tatparya nirnaya explains these quoting appropriate authorities of pancharatra tradition.

Out of eighteen thousand verses of Bhagavata sixteen hundred verses only are selected for comments in this work. Such verses only that are significant from philosophical and theological point of view are selected for comment. These comments are of four types:

i) The special meaning of certain important words are given
ii) The special point made by a word or phrase or the verse is explained
iii) The theological and philosophical doctrines are explained
iv) The expressions and phrases that are likely to be given advaita interpretation are examined and their correct import is explained.

In majority of cases all these points are supported quoting appropriate authorities. The remarks made are brief but the authorities quoted are long. Sri Madhavacharya quotes from 380 works, in his 37 works. Among these, quotations from 224 works are given in Bhagavata tatparya nirnaya which has a rich reference to philosophical and theological doctrines.

In the first volume Skandhas I to III were given. In this second volume skandhas IV to VIIIare given.

The IV Skandha contains the episodes of the incarnation of Datta Atreya, Daksha’s sacrifice, Dhruva, King Vena and his mis rule, the episode of King Prithu, Prachetasa and Puranjana.

The V skandha contains the episodes of King Priya Vrita, Rishabha, Bharata and a detailed description of Bhumandala, particularly, Jambu dvipa and Bharata varsha. There is a charming description of mountains, rivers, natural gardens, trees and Islands.

The sun, moon, stars and planets, are described. There is also the description of Netherlands and the hells.

The Sixth Skandha gives the story of Ajamila, the birth of Vrtrasura, preparation of Vajrayudha, the story of Chitraketu who was born as Vritrasura later, and the birth of Maruts.

The seventh Skandha contains the episode of Jaya and Vijaya the gate keepers of Vaikuntha being born as Hiranyakashipu and Hiranyaksha, the birth and education of Prahlada, his devotion to Narayana, the incarnation of Narasimha to destroy Hiranyakashipu and his death.

This skandha closes with the episode of Tripuradahana i.e., the destruction of three cities constructed by Mayasura. At the close the Varnadharmas and Asrama dharma are given in detail.

A detailed summary of these Skandhas is given in the introduction to the third and fourth volumes of Bhagavata already published. Here, these are very briefly stated as a background to highlight the points made in Bhagavata Tatparya nirnaya of these Skandhas.

Part III

Preface

Bhagavata tatparya nirnaya is a critical exposition of Srimat Bhagavata. It is very brief and comments on only select verses that have a crucial philosophical or theological point. This commentary has three aspects viz.

i) The meaning of the technical words and rare words is given
ii) Brief critical and explanatory remarks are added
iii) Authorities are quoted to substantiate the meaning given or points made.

The third aspect is quite substantive. As many as 224 source books are quoted.

It is proposed to publish this valuable work in three volumes. The third volume contains eight, ninth and skandhas. Two commentaries on this work are also included in this volume.

Prof. K. T. Pandurangi has edited it with the help of three manuscripts procured from Sri Uttaradi Matha and his own collection. We offer our pranamas to Sri Sri Satyamatirtha Swamiji for providing the manuscripts.

Sri Nagendracharya S. Deshpande has assisted Prof. K.T. Pandurangi in editing this work. He has also prepared an index of the large number of authorities quoted in this commentaries. He has good knowledge of sastra and can handle the computer. This ability has considerably helped the editing.

I thank Prof. K.T. Pandurangi and Sri Nagendracharya S. Deshpande for their painstaking work. I thank Shabda Mudrana for neat printing and good getup.

Introduction
(Skandha 8th, 9th and Tenth)

In the course of the introduction to the first volume of Bhagavata Tatparya Nirnaya, it is already stated that this work of Sri Ananda tirtha (Sri Madhvacharya) is a critical exposition of Sri mad Bhagavata. It is also stated that Bhagavata is quite distinct from Mahabharata, Ramayana and Puranas in respect of its style, subject matter and the purpose. Its theme is to describe the different incarnations of the Supreme God Narayana, particularly, the incarnation of Sri Krishna.

In the course of this description discourses on philosophy, theology and ethics are introduced. Inculcation of devotion to the Supreme God and detachment from worldly things is stressed. A noble conduct designated as Bhagavata Dharma is advocated all along. In the course of the narration of the main theme the episodes of the Sages, Kings and distinguished devotees are introduced.

The style of Bhagavata is not simple like that of Mahabharata and Puranas. It is scholastic style like later Mahakavyas. The Bhagavata tradition is a continuation of Pancharatra tradition. Hence, a number of terms of pancharatra theology are introduced in Bhagavata. It is difficult for an average reader to comprehend the deeper philosophical and theological implication of these terms and the discourses on philosophy and theology. Bhagavata tatparya nirnaya explains these quoting appropriate authorities of Pancharatra tradition.

Out of eighteen thousand verses of Bhagavata sixteen hundred verses only are selected for comments in this work. Such verses only that are significant from philosophical and theological point of view are selected for comment. These comments are of four types:

i) The special meaning of certain important words are given.
ii) The special point made by a word or phrase or the verse is explained.
iii) The theological and philosophical doctrines are explained.
iv) The expressions and phrases that are likely to be given advaita interpretation are examined and their correct import is explained.

In majority of cases all these points are supported quoting appropriate authorities. The remarks made are brief but the authorities quoted are long. Sri Madhvacharya quotes from three hundred and eight works, in his thirty seven works. Among these quotations from two hundred and twenty four works are given in Bhagavata tatparya nirnaya which has a rich reference to philosophical and theological doctrines.

In the first volume skandhas I to III were given. In the second volume skandhas IV to VII are given. In this third volume skandhas VIII to X are given.

The eighth skandha contains the description of samudra mathana, the battle between the deities and asuras, Vamanavatara and Matsyavatara.

The Nineth skandha describes the episode of lla, Sudyamna, the marriage of Sukanya with Chyavana Maharisi, the episode of Ambarisa, the episode of Sagara and Bhagiratha, the episodes of Kartavirya and Parasurama, Sarmistha and Devayani, the description of puruvarnsa, the episode of Dusyanta and Sakuntala, the birth of Drupada and Draupadi, the birth of Kuru, Santanu, Bhisma, Dhrtarastra and Pandu, the description of Yaduvamsa.

In the first part of the tenth skandha the birth of Sri Krishna, Kamsa’s attempt to kill him by deputing Tataka, Sakatasura, Trinavarta etc. Kaliya mardana by Sri Krsna. Gopika vastrapaharana, Krsna lifting the govardhana hill, Rasakrida, Gopigita, Venugita, Akrura inviting Krsna to go over to Madhura, Krsna killing Kamsa, placing Ugrasena on the throne, Krsna’s education, his return to Madhura, deputing Uddhava to pacify Yasoda, Krsna deputing Akrura to Hastinapura to enquire the welfare of Pandavas, Akrura reporting the wrong activities of Dhrtarastra to Krsna, are described.

In the second part of the tenth skandha of Bhagavata, the battle with Jarasandha, the visit of Balararna and Krsna to Gomant hill and Karavirapura, the episode of Muchakunda, the marriage of Revati with Balararna, Krsna kidnaping Rukmini, the episode of Samantaka gem, Krsna’s marriage with Satyabhama, Kalindi, Mitravinda Nila and Laksana.

The battle with Mura and Narakasura, Krsna bringing sixteen thousand Rajakumaris imprisoned by Narakasura to Dvaraka, the episode of Sambara. The eclips of Sun and arrival of Krsna and all others at Syumantaka. Kunti meets Vasudeva. Dvaipayana also arives. Vasudeva performs a sacrifice the names of Krsna’s sons are stated.

Yudhisthira undertakes Rajasuya yaga. Krsna kills Sisupala, the episode of Vrkasura, Sruti gita, Krsna goes to Indraprastha for the peace proposal with Duryodhana, the battle of Kuruksetra, Balarama proceeds on a tirthayatra, placing Yudhisthira on throne, Krsna, returns to Dvaraka, Krsna performs Asvamedha yaga, description of yadu family, with the praise of Krsna by Suka this skandha closes.

Part IV

Preface

Bhagavata tatparya nirnaya is a critical exposition of Srimat Bhagavata. It is very brief and comments on only select verses that have a crucial philosophical or theological point. This commentary has three aspects viz.

i) The meaning of the technical words and rare words is given
ii) Brief critical and explanatory remarks are added
iii) Authorities are quoted to substantiate the meaning given or points made.

The third aspect is quite substantive. As many as 224 source books are quoted.

It is proposed to publish this valuable work in four volumes. The fourth volume contains elevanth and twelveth skandhas. Two commentaries on this work are also included in this volume.

This text and the commentaries are edited with the help of these manuscripts. The Associate editor Sri Nagendracharya has good knowledge of sastra and can handle the computer. This ability has considerably helped the editing.

I thank Sri Nagendracharya S. Deshpande for their painstaking work. I thank Shabda Mudrana for neat printing and good getup.

Introduction
(Skandhas elevanth and twelveth)

In the course of the introduction to the first volume of Bhagavata Tatparya Nirnaya, it is already stated that this work of Sri Ananda tirtha (Sri Madhvacharya) is a critical exposition of Srimad Bhagavata. It is also stated that Bhagavata is quite distinct from Mahabharata, Ramayana and Puranas in respect of its style, subject matter and the purpose. Its theme is to describe the different incarnations of the Supreme God Narayana, particularly, the incarnation of Sri Krishna.

In the course of this description, discourses on philosophy, theology and ethics are introduced. Inculcation of devotion to the Supreme God and detachment from worldly things is stressed. A noble conduct designated as Bhagavata Dharma is advocated all along. In the course of the narration of the main theme the episodes of the Sages, Kings and distinguished devotees are introduced.

The style of Bhagavata is not simple like that of Mahabharata and Puranas. It is scholastic style like later Mahakavyas, The Bhagavata tradition is a continuation of Pancharatra tradition. Hence, a number of terms of pancharatra theology are introduced in Bhagavata. It is difficult for an average reader to comprehend the deeper philosophical and theological implication of these terms and the discourses on philosophy and theology. Bhagavata tatparya nlrnaya explains these, quoting appropriate authorities of Pancharatra tradition.

Out of eighteen thousand verses of Bhagavata sixteen hundred verses only are selected for comments in this work. Such verses only that are significant from philosophical and theological point of view are selected for comment. These comments are of four types:

i) The special meaning of certain important words are given.
ii) The special point made by a word or phrase or the verse is explained.
iii) The theological and philosophical doctrines are explained.
iv) The expressions and phrases that are likely to be given advaita interpretation are examined and their correct import is explained.

In majority of cases all these points are supported quoting appropriate authorities. The remarks made are brief but the authorities quoted are long. Sri Madhvacharya quotes from three hundred and eight works in his thirty seven works. Among these quotations from two hundred and twenty four works are given in Bhagavata tatparya nirnaya which has a rich reference to philosophical and theological doctrines.

In the first volume skandhas I to III were given. In the second volume skandhas IV to VII were given. In this third volume skandhas VIII to X were given. In this fourth volume skandhas elevanth and twelveth are given.

The elevanth skandha commence with an interesting episode of the birth of a musala i.e. mace. At Pindaraka ksetra the sages Vasistha, Vamadeva, Atri etc had gathered to take a holy bath. Young Yadavas also had arrived at that place. These young boys wanted to play a little fun with the sages. They made Samba the son of Jambavati to wear the garment of a young woman, appear as a pregnent woman and asked the sages whether she will deliver a male child or a female. The sages were hurt by this joke and retorted that she will deliver a mace that will destroy the entire Yadu race. The Yadava boys pounded mace and threw it in the sea. A piece of it was eaten by a fish. A fisherman cought it and used it for his arrow. It is this musal that destroyed the entire Yadu race and it is the arrow made out of a piece of mace that led to the departure of Sri Krsna

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भागवततात्पर्यनिर्णय: Bhagavata Tatparya Nirnaya (Set of 4 Volumes)

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Part I


Preface

Bhagavata tatparya nirnaya is a critical exposition of Srimat Bhagavata. It is very brief and comments on only select verses that have a crucial philosophical or theological point. This commentary has three aspects viz.

i) The meaning of the technical words and rare words is given
ii) Brief critical and explanatory remarks are added
iii) Authorities are quoted to substantiate the meaning given or points made.

The third aspect is quite substantive. As many as 224 source books are quoted.

It is proposed to publish this valuable work in three volumes. The first volume contains three skandhas. Two commentaries on this work are also included in this volume.

Prof. K. T. Pandurangi has edited it with the help of three manuscripts procured from Sri Uttaradi Matha and his own collection. We offer our pranamas to Sri Sri Satyamatirtha Swamiji for providing the manuscripts.

Sri Nagendracharya S. Deshpande has assisted Prof. K.T. Pandurangi in editing this work. He has also prepared an index of the large number of authorities quoted in this commentaries. He has good knowledge of sastra and can handle the computer. This ability has considerably helped the editing.

I thank Prof. K.T. Pandurangi and Sri Nagendracharya S. Deshpande for their painstaking work. I thank Shabda Mudrana for neat printing and good getup.




Part II

Preface

Bhagavata tatparya nirnaya is a critical exposition of Srimat Bhagavata. It is very brief and comments on only select verses that have a crucial philosophical or theological point. This commentary has three aspects viz.

i) The meaning of the technical words and rare words is given
ii) Brief critical and explanatory remarks are added
iii) Authorities are quoted to substantiate the meaning given or points made.

The third aspect is quite substantive. As many as 224 source books are quoted.

It is proposed to publish this valuable work in three volumes. The second volume contains 4th to 7th skandhas. Two commentaries on this work are also included in this volume.

Prof. K. T. Pandurangi has edited it with the help of three manuscripts procured from Sri Uttaradi Matha and his own collection. We offer our pranamas to Sri Sri Satyamatirtha Swamiji for providing the manuscripts.

Sri Nagendracharya S. Deshpande has assisted Prof. K.T. Pandurangi in editing this work. He has also prepared an index of the large number of authorities quoted in this commentaries. He has good knowledge of sastra and can handle the computer. This ability has considerably helped the editing.

I thank Prof. K.T. Pandurangi and Sri Nagendracharya S. Deshpande for their painstaking work. I thank Shabda Mudrana for neat printing and good getup.

Introduction

In the course of the introduction to the first volume of Bhagavata Tatparya nirnaya it is already stated that this work of Sri Ananda Tirtha (Sri Madhvacharya) is a critical exposition of Srimad Bhagavata. It is also stated that Bhagavata is quite distinct from Mahabharata, Ramanaya and Puranas in respect of its style, subject matter and the purpose. Its theme is to describe the different incarnations of the Supreme God Narayana, particularly, the incarnation of Sri Krishna.

In the course of this description discourses on philosophy, theology and ethics are introduced. Inculcation of devotion to the Supreme God and detachment from worldly things is stressed. A noble conduct designated as Bhagavata Dharma is advocated all along. In the course of the narration of the main theme the episodes of the Sages, Kings and distinguished devotees are introduced.

The style of Bhagavata is not simple like that of Mahabharata and Puranas. It is scholastic style like later Mahakavyas. The Bhagavata tradition is a continuation of pancharatra tradition. Hence, a number of terms of pancharatra theology are introduced in Bhagavata. It is difficult for an average reader to comprehend the deeper philosophical and theological implication of these terms and the discourses on philosophy and theology. Bhagavata Tatparya nirnaya explains these quoting appropriate authorities of pancharatra tradition.

Out of eighteen thousand verses of Bhagavata sixteen hundred verses only are selected for comments in this work. Such verses only that are significant from philosophical and theological point of view are selected for comment. These comments are of four types:

i) The special meaning of certain important words are given
ii) The special point made by a word or phrase or the verse is explained
iii) The theological and philosophical doctrines are explained
iv) The expressions and phrases that are likely to be given advaita interpretation are examined and their correct import is explained.

In majority of cases all these points are supported quoting appropriate authorities. The remarks made are brief but the authorities quoted are long. Sri Madhavacharya quotes from 380 works, in his 37 works. Among these, quotations from 224 works are given in Bhagavata tatparya nirnaya which has a rich reference to philosophical and theological doctrines.

In the first volume Skandhas I to III were given. In this second volume skandhas IV to VIIIare given.

The IV Skandha contains the episodes of the incarnation of Datta Atreya, Daksha’s sacrifice, Dhruva, King Vena and his mis rule, the episode of King Prithu, Prachetasa and Puranjana.

The V skandha contains the episodes of King Priya Vrita, Rishabha, Bharata and a detailed description of Bhumandala, particularly, Jambu dvipa and Bharata varsha. There is a charming description of mountains, rivers, natural gardens, trees and Islands.

The sun, moon, stars and planets, are described. There is also the description of Netherlands and the hells.

The Sixth Skandha gives the story of Ajamila, the birth of Vrtrasura, preparation of Vajrayudha, the story of Chitraketu who was born as Vritrasura later, and the birth of Maruts.

The seventh Skandha contains the episode of Jaya and Vijaya the gate keepers of Vaikuntha being born as Hiranyakashipu and Hiranyaksha, the birth and education of Prahlada, his devotion to Narayana, the incarnation of Narasimha to destroy Hiranyakashipu and his death.

This skandha closes with the episode of Tripuradahana i.e., the destruction of three cities constructed by Mayasura. At the close the Varnadharmas and Asrama dharma are given in detail.

A detailed summary of these Skandhas is given in the introduction to the third and fourth volumes of Bhagavata already published. Here, these are very briefly stated as a background to highlight the points made in Bhagavata Tatparya nirnaya of these Skandhas.

Part III

Preface

Bhagavata tatparya nirnaya is a critical exposition of Srimat Bhagavata. It is very brief and comments on only select verses that have a crucial philosophical or theological point. This commentary has three aspects viz.

i) The meaning of the technical words and rare words is given
ii) Brief critical and explanatory remarks are added
iii) Authorities are quoted to substantiate the meaning given or points made.

The third aspect is quite substantive. As many as 224 source books are quoted.

It is proposed to publish this valuable work in three volumes. The third volume contains eight, ninth and skandhas. Two commentaries on this work are also included in this volume.

Prof. K. T. Pandurangi has edited it with the help of three manuscripts procured from Sri Uttaradi Matha and his own collection. We offer our pranamas to Sri Sri Satyamatirtha Swamiji for providing the manuscripts.

Sri Nagendracharya S. Deshpande has assisted Prof. K.T. Pandurangi in editing this work. He has also prepared an index of the large number of authorities quoted in this commentaries. He has good knowledge of sastra and can handle the computer. This ability has considerably helped the editing.

I thank Prof. K.T. Pandurangi and Sri Nagendracharya S. Deshpande for their painstaking work. I thank Shabda Mudrana for neat printing and good getup.

Introduction
(Skandha 8th, 9th and Tenth)

In the course of the introduction to the first volume of Bhagavata Tatparya Nirnaya, it is already stated that this work of Sri Ananda tirtha (Sri Madhvacharya) is a critical exposition of Sri mad Bhagavata. It is also stated that Bhagavata is quite distinct from Mahabharata, Ramayana and Puranas in respect of its style, subject matter and the purpose. Its theme is to describe the different incarnations of the Supreme God Narayana, particularly, the incarnation of Sri Krishna.

In the course of this description discourses on philosophy, theology and ethics are introduced. Inculcation of devotion to the Supreme God and detachment from worldly things is stressed. A noble conduct designated as Bhagavata Dharma is advocated all along. In the course of the narration of the main theme the episodes of the Sages, Kings and distinguished devotees are introduced.

The style of Bhagavata is not simple like that of Mahabharata and Puranas. It is scholastic style like later Mahakavyas. The Bhagavata tradition is a continuation of Pancharatra tradition. Hence, a number of terms of pancharatra theology are introduced in Bhagavata. It is difficult for an average reader to comprehend the deeper philosophical and theological implication of these terms and the discourses on philosophy and theology. Bhagavata tatparya nirnaya explains these quoting appropriate authorities of Pancharatra tradition.

Out of eighteen thousand verses of Bhagavata sixteen hundred verses only are selected for comments in this work. Such verses only that are significant from philosophical and theological point of view are selected for comment. These comments are of four types:

i) The special meaning of certain important words are given.
ii) The special point made by a word or phrase or the verse is explained.
iii) The theological and philosophical doctrines are explained.
iv) The expressions and phrases that are likely to be given advaita interpretation are examined and their correct import is explained.

In majority of cases all these points are supported quoting appropriate authorities. The remarks made are brief but the authorities quoted are long. Sri Madhvacharya quotes from three hundred and eight works, in his thirty seven works. Among these quotations from two hundred and twenty four works are given in Bhagavata tatparya nirnaya which has a rich reference to philosophical and theological doctrines.

In the first volume skandhas I to III were given. In the second volume skandhas IV to VII are given. In this third volume skandhas VIII to X are given.

The eighth skandha contains the description of samudra mathana, the battle between the deities and asuras, Vamanavatara and Matsyavatara.

The Nineth skandha describes the episode of lla, Sudyamna, the marriage of Sukanya with Chyavana Maharisi, the episode of Ambarisa, the episode of Sagara and Bhagiratha, the episodes of Kartavirya and Parasurama, Sarmistha and Devayani, the description of puruvarnsa, the episode of Dusyanta and Sakuntala, the birth of Drupada and Draupadi, the birth of Kuru, Santanu, Bhisma, Dhrtarastra and Pandu, the description of Yaduvamsa.

In the first part of the tenth skandha the birth of Sri Krishna, Kamsa’s attempt to kill him by deputing Tataka, Sakatasura, Trinavarta etc. Kaliya mardana by Sri Krsna. Gopika vastrapaharana, Krsna lifting the govardhana hill, Rasakrida, Gopigita, Venugita, Akrura inviting Krsna to go over to Madhura, Krsna killing Kamsa, placing Ugrasena on the throne, Krsna’s education, his return to Madhura, deputing Uddhava to pacify Yasoda, Krsna deputing Akrura to Hastinapura to enquire the welfare of Pandavas, Akrura reporting the wrong activities of Dhrtarastra to Krsna, are described.

In the second part of the tenth skandha of Bhagavata, the battle with Jarasandha, the visit of Balararna and Krsna to Gomant hill and Karavirapura, the episode of Muchakunda, the marriage of Revati with Balararna, Krsna kidnaping Rukmini, the episode of Samantaka gem, Krsna’s marriage with Satyabhama, Kalindi, Mitravinda Nila and Laksana.

The battle with Mura and Narakasura, Krsna bringing sixteen thousand Rajakumaris imprisoned by Narakasura to Dvaraka, the episode of Sambara. The eclips of Sun and arrival of Krsna and all others at Syumantaka. Kunti meets Vasudeva. Dvaipayana also arives. Vasudeva performs a sacrifice the names of Krsna’s sons are stated.

Yudhisthira undertakes Rajasuya yaga. Krsna kills Sisupala, the episode of Vrkasura, Sruti gita, Krsna goes to Indraprastha for the peace proposal with Duryodhana, the battle of Kuruksetra, Balarama proceeds on a tirthayatra, placing Yudhisthira on throne, Krsna, returns to Dvaraka, Krsna performs Asvamedha yaga, description of yadu family, with the praise of Krsna by Suka this skandha closes.

Part IV

Preface

Bhagavata tatparya nirnaya is a critical exposition of Srimat Bhagavata. It is very brief and comments on only select verses that have a crucial philosophical or theological point. This commentary has three aspects viz.

i) The meaning of the technical words and rare words is given
ii) Brief critical and explanatory remarks are added
iii) Authorities are quoted to substantiate the meaning given or points made.

The third aspect is quite substantive. As many as 224 source books are quoted.

It is proposed to publish this valuable work in four volumes. The fourth volume contains elevanth and twelveth skandhas. Two commentaries on this work are also included in this volume.

This text and the commentaries are edited with the help of these manuscripts. The Associate editor Sri Nagendracharya has good knowledge of sastra and can handle the computer. This ability has considerably helped the editing.

I thank Sri Nagendracharya S. Deshpande for their painstaking work. I thank Shabda Mudrana for neat printing and good getup.

Introduction
(Skandhas elevanth and twelveth)

In the course of the introduction to the first volume of Bhagavata Tatparya Nirnaya, it is already stated that this work of Sri Ananda tirtha (Sri Madhvacharya) is a critical exposition of Srimad Bhagavata. It is also stated that Bhagavata is quite distinct from Mahabharata, Ramayana and Puranas in respect of its style, subject matter and the purpose. Its theme is to describe the different incarnations of the Supreme God Narayana, particularly, the incarnation of Sri Krishna.

In the course of this description, discourses on philosophy, theology and ethics are introduced. Inculcation of devotion to the Supreme God and detachment from worldly things is stressed. A noble conduct designated as Bhagavata Dharma is advocated all along. In the course of the narration of the main theme the episodes of the Sages, Kings and distinguished devotees are introduced.

The style of Bhagavata is not simple like that of Mahabharata and Puranas. It is scholastic style like later Mahakavyas, The Bhagavata tradition is a continuation of Pancharatra tradition. Hence, a number of terms of pancharatra theology are introduced in Bhagavata. It is difficult for an average reader to comprehend the deeper philosophical and theological implication of these terms and the discourses on philosophy and theology. Bhagavata tatparya nlrnaya explains these, quoting appropriate authorities of Pancharatra tradition.

Out of eighteen thousand verses of Bhagavata sixteen hundred verses only are selected for comments in this work. Such verses only that are significant from philosophical and theological point of view are selected for comment. These comments are of four types:

i) The special meaning of certain important words are given.
ii) The special point made by a word or phrase or the verse is explained.
iii) The theological and philosophical doctrines are explained.
iv) The expressions and phrases that are likely to be given advaita interpretation are examined and their correct import is explained.

In majority of cases all these points are supported quoting appropriate authorities. The remarks made are brief but the authorities quoted are long. Sri Madhvacharya quotes from three hundred and eight works in his thirty seven works. Among these quotations from two hundred and twenty four works are given in Bhagavata tatparya nirnaya which has a rich reference to philosophical and theological doctrines.

In the first volume skandhas I to III were given. In the second volume skandhas IV to VII were given. In this third volume skandhas VIII to X were given. In this fourth volume skandhas elevanth and twelveth are given.

The elevanth skandha commence with an interesting episode of the birth of a musala i.e. mace. At Pindaraka ksetra the sages Vasistha, Vamadeva, Atri etc had gathered to take a holy bath. Young Yadavas also had arrived at that place. These young boys wanted to play a little fun with the sages. They made Samba the son of Jambavati to wear the garment of a young woman, appear as a pregnent woman and asked the sages whether she will deliver a male child or a female. The sages were hurt by this joke and retorted that she will deliver a mace that will destroy the entire Yadu race. The Yadava boys pounded mace and threw it in the sea. A piece of it was eaten by a fish. A fisherman cought it and used it for his arrow. It is this musal that destroyed the entire Yadu race and it is the arrow made out of a piece of mace that led to the departure of Sri Krsna

Sample Page (Volume I)



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