Subscribe for Newsletters and Discounts
Be the first to receive our thoughtfully written
religious articles and product discounts.
Your interests (Optional)
This will help us make recommendations and send discounts and sale information at times.
By registering, you may receive account related information, our email newsletters and product updates, no more than twice a month. Please read our Privacy Policy for details.
.
By subscribing, you will receive our email newsletters and product updates, no more than twice a month. All emails will be sent by Exotic India using the email address info@exoticindia.com.

Please read our Privacy Policy for details.
|6
Sign In  |  Sign up
Your Cart (0)
Best Deals
Share our website with your friends.
Email this page to a friend
Books > Hindu > Puranas > Harivamsa Purana > Bharata Samhita or The Ur - Mahabharata: Oldest Epic of The World (Set of 2 Volumes) - An Old and Rare Book
Subscribe to our newsletter and discounts
Bharata Samhita or The Ur - Mahabharata: Oldest Epic of The World (Set of 2 Volumes) - An Old and Rare Book
Pages from the book
Bharata Samhita or The Ur - Mahabharata: Oldest Epic of The World (Set of 2 Volumes) - An Old and Rare Book
Look Inside the Book
Description

Foreword

I have great pleasure in introducing a work of sustained efforts and international merit-the Jaya-Samhita, i.e. the nucleus of the Mahabharata (which has been extracted from Bharata- Samhita which is also extracted from the Mahabharata), which can be called the Ur-Mahabharata, of about 8,800 (in the case of Bharata-Samhita about 24,000) two-line verses extracted out of 78,675 slokas of the Mahabharata (including it supplement, the Harivamsa), on the principles of higher criticism. According to late Dr. V. S. Sukthankar, a Scandinavian Orientalist, Soren Sorenson (compiler of the Mahabharata Index), was the first one who found out a nucleus and extracted about 27,000 slokas in the first instance. Soren Sorenson went further into depth and reduced that number to about 7,000 to 8,000 slokas, as early as between 1883 and 1894 A.D. Sorenson died very young and, according to Dr. Sukthankar, no one knows what became of this work.

Prof. K. K. Shastree, Honorary Director of the Ahmedabad branch of the Gujarat Research Society, who is an experienced and reputed Sanskritist, undertook afresh the work of finding out the nucleus, Prof. Shastree spent years in independent study and succeeded in extracting a nucleus of about 8,800 (in the case of the Bharata-Samhita about 24,000) two-line verses which are presented here in their original form.

As a result of devotion, deep scholarship and intense effort, Prof. Shastree has succeeded in extracting this text which is a contribution of immense value.

It is a matter of deep satisfaction that this extracted text has a well-linked narration which strictly follows the list of contents given in the 55th Adhyaya of the Adi-parvan. Thus Prof. Shastree has placed before us an authentic text of great merit.

I heartily congratulate the redactor, Prof. Shastree, for presenting such a masterly work to the oriental scholars who, I am sure, would find it most useful and interesting.

The Gujarat Research Society considers it an honour to publish this important work.

 

Introduction

We should not be hesitant in accepting the opinion of late German orientalist Herman Oldenberg that “The Mahabharata began its existence as a simple epic narrative. It became, in course of centuries, the monstrous chaos.” Oldenberg further said that “Besides the main story there were veritable forests of small stories and besides, numberless and endless instructions about theology, philosophy, natural science, law, politics, practical and theoretical knowledge of life. A poem full of deeply significant dreaming and surmising, delicate poetry and school-masterly platitudes full of sparkling play, of oppressive and mutually jostling masses of images, of showers of arrows of endless battles, clash after clash of death-despising heroes, of over-virtuous ideal men, of ravishing beautiful women, of terrible-tempered ascetics, of adventurous fabulous beings, of fantastic miracles-full of empty flood of words and wide, free, peeps into the order of the course of the world.”

(Quoted by late Dr. V. S. Sukthankar, vide his lectures entitled ‘On the Meaning of the Mahabharata; pp. 1 & 125)

This was the opinion of that learned scholar after reading carefully the vulgate edition of the MBH available in his times. At preset we are fortunate to have a critical edition of the same published by the Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute of Pune, including even its supplement the Harivamsa, yet we are not in a position to substract a single word from that opinion. It is true that hundreds and thousands of interpolations have been cleared in the critical edition, yet we do not get a pure epic. The conclusion arrived at by the late Franz Bopp, the father of Indogermanic philology that all parts of the epic were not of the same age, is in a way no doubt quite true even in the case of the critical edition of the MBH also. Late Prof. Christian Lassen, the first Europeon scholar, after submitting a complete analysis of the MBH, endorsed the conclusions of Bopp that in the MBH there are pieces belonging to very different periods and of very different colour and content.

We are informed by late Dr. V. S. Sukthankar (Ibid, pp. 6-7) that the striking “attempt at reconstructing the original epic was made between 1883 and 1894 by the Scandinavian scholar Soren Sorenson… Rejecting accordingly from the Vulgate text everything appeared to him like an episode or a didactic digression, he obtained at first an edition of some 27,000 stanzas. But even this extract, he thought, included materials belonging to different epochs… This second attention rendered the epic to a concentrated essence of some seven or eight thousand stanzas, which seems to have satisfied the soul of Sroenson … Sorenson’s attempt at establishing the Ur-text of the Mahabharata stands by itself, and experiment was, as far as I know, never repeated”.

Let us, here, take in our mind the words of Dr. Sukthankar that “The Mahabharata is in short a veritable chaos, containing some good and much useless matter. It is a great pity that a fine heroic poem, which may even be found to contain precious gems of ancient Indian history, should have been thus ruined by its careless custodians. But it is not quite beyond redemption. A skilful surgical operation-technically called “Higher Criticism”-could still disentangle the sub-merged “epic core” from the adventitious matter-known to textual critics as “Interpolation”—in which it lies embodied. The Mahabharata Problem thus reduces itself to the discovery of criteria which will enable us to analyse the poem and to dissect out the “epic nucleus” from the spurious additions with which it is deeply incrusted. This is the “Analytic Theory” of the origin and the Character of the Mahabharata, which was espoused by the majority of Western critics of the Great Epic of India…..”

 

Vol-I











Vol-II











Bharata Samhita or The Ur - Mahabharata: Oldest Epic of The World (Set of 2 Volumes) - An Old and Rare Book

Item Code:
NZG584
Cover:
Hardcover
Edition:
1998
Language:
Sanskrit Only
Size:
11.0 inch X 9.0 inch
Pages:
694
Other Details:
Weight of the Book: 2.0 Kg
Price:
$70.00   Shipping Free - 4 to 6 days
Look Inside the Book
Add to Wishlist
Send as e-card
Send as free online greeting card
Bharata Samhita or The Ur - Mahabharata: Oldest Epic of The World (Set of 2 Volumes) - An Old and Rare Book

Verify the characters on the left

From:
Edit     
You will be informed as and when your card is viewed. Please note that your card will be active in the system for 30 days.

Viewed 4938 times since 6th Jan, 2019

Foreword

I have great pleasure in introducing a work of sustained efforts and international merit-the Jaya-Samhita, i.e. the nucleus of the Mahabharata (which has been extracted from Bharata- Samhita which is also extracted from the Mahabharata), which can be called the Ur-Mahabharata, of about 8,800 (in the case of Bharata-Samhita about 24,000) two-line verses extracted out of 78,675 slokas of the Mahabharata (including it supplement, the Harivamsa), on the principles of higher criticism. According to late Dr. V. S. Sukthankar, a Scandinavian Orientalist, Soren Sorenson (compiler of the Mahabharata Index), was the first one who found out a nucleus and extracted about 27,000 slokas in the first instance. Soren Sorenson went further into depth and reduced that number to about 7,000 to 8,000 slokas, as early as between 1883 and 1894 A.D. Sorenson died very young and, according to Dr. Sukthankar, no one knows what became of this work.

Prof. K. K. Shastree, Honorary Director of the Ahmedabad branch of the Gujarat Research Society, who is an experienced and reputed Sanskritist, undertook afresh the work of finding out the nucleus, Prof. Shastree spent years in independent study and succeeded in extracting a nucleus of about 8,800 (in the case of the Bharata-Samhita about 24,000) two-line verses which are presented here in their original form.

As a result of devotion, deep scholarship and intense effort, Prof. Shastree has succeeded in extracting this text which is a contribution of immense value.

It is a matter of deep satisfaction that this extracted text has a well-linked narration which strictly follows the list of contents given in the 55th Adhyaya of the Adi-parvan. Thus Prof. Shastree has placed before us an authentic text of great merit.

I heartily congratulate the redactor, Prof. Shastree, for presenting such a masterly work to the oriental scholars who, I am sure, would find it most useful and interesting.

The Gujarat Research Society considers it an honour to publish this important work.

 

Introduction

We should not be hesitant in accepting the opinion of late German orientalist Herman Oldenberg that “The Mahabharata began its existence as a simple epic narrative. It became, in course of centuries, the monstrous chaos.” Oldenberg further said that “Besides the main story there were veritable forests of small stories and besides, numberless and endless instructions about theology, philosophy, natural science, law, politics, practical and theoretical knowledge of life. A poem full of deeply significant dreaming and surmising, delicate poetry and school-masterly platitudes full of sparkling play, of oppressive and mutually jostling masses of images, of showers of arrows of endless battles, clash after clash of death-despising heroes, of over-virtuous ideal men, of ravishing beautiful women, of terrible-tempered ascetics, of adventurous fabulous beings, of fantastic miracles-full of empty flood of words and wide, free, peeps into the order of the course of the world.”

(Quoted by late Dr. V. S. Sukthankar, vide his lectures entitled ‘On the Meaning of the Mahabharata; pp. 1 & 125)

This was the opinion of that learned scholar after reading carefully the vulgate edition of the MBH available in his times. At preset we are fortunate to have a critical edition of the same published by the Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute of Pune, including even its supplement the Harivamsa, yet we are not in a position to substract a single word from that opinion. It is true that hundreds and thousands of interpolations have been cleared in the critical edition, yet we do not get a pure epic. The conclusion arrived at by the late Franz Bopp, the father of Indogermanic philology that all parts of the epic were not of the same age, is in a way no doubt quite true even in the case of the critical edition of the MBH also. Late Prof. Christian Lassen, the first Europeon scholar, after submitting a complete analysis of the MBH, endorsed the conclusions of Bopp that in the MBH there are pieces belonging to very different periods and of very different colour and content.

We are informed by late Dr. V. S. Sukthankar (Ibid, pp. 6-7) that the striking “attempt at reconstructing the original epic was made between 1883 and 1894 by the Scandinavian scholar Soren Sorenson… Rejecting accordingly from the Vulgate text everything appeared to him like an episode or a didactic digression, he obtained at first an edition of some 27,000 stanzas. But even this extract, he thought, included materials belonging to different epochs… This second attention rendered the epic to a concentrated essence of some seven or eight thousand stanzas, which seems to have satisfied the soul of Sroenson … Sorenson’s attempt at establishing the Ur-text of the Mahabharata stands by itself, and experiment was, as far as I know, never repeated”.

Let us, here, take in our mind the words of Dr. Sukthankar that “The Mahabharata is in short a veritable chaos, containing some good and much useless matter. It is a great pity that a fine heroic poem, which may even be found to contain precious gems of ancient Indian history, should have been thus ruined by its careless custodians. But it is not quite beyond redemption. A skilful surgical operation-technically called “Higher Criticism”-could still disentangle the sub-merged “epic core” from the adventitious matter-known to textual critics as “Interpolation”—in which it lies embodied. The Mahabharata Problem thus reduces itself to the discovery of criteria which will enable us to analyse the poem and to dissect out the “epic nucleus” from the spurious additions with which it is deeply incrusted. This is the “Analytic Theory” of the origin and the Character of the Mahabharata, which was espoused by the majority of Western critics of the Great Epic of India…..”

 

Vol-I











Vol-II











Post a Comment
 
Post Review
Post a Query
For privacy concerns, please view our Privacy Policy
Based on your browsing history
Loading... Please wait

Items Related to Bharata Samhita or The Ur - Mahabharata: Oldest Epic of The World... (Hindu | Books)

Epic Hinduism
by M.L. Varadpande
Hardcover (Edition: 2018)
Shubhi Publications
Item Code: NAO071
$60.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
In Search of Immortality (An Introduction to Indic World-Views)
Item Code: NAM809
$32.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
The Lord of Lanka
Deal 20% Off
by Anant Pai
Paperback Comic Book (Edition: 2000)
Amar Chitra Katha
Item Code: ACK60
$6.50$5.20
You save: $1.30 (20%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
The Ramayana of Valmiki
Item Code: ISL76
$40.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Ram Charit Manas: Tulsidas' Ramayana (Hardcover Comic Book)
by Anant Pai
Hardcover (Edition: 2007)
India Book House Pvt. Ltd.
Item Code: IDK302
$33.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
A History of Indian Literature  (Set of 3 Volumes)
Item Code: NAO564
$95.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
The Mystery of The Mahabharata (Set of Five Volumes)
by N.V. Thadani
Hardcover (Edition: 2007)
Bharatiya Kala Prakashan
Item Code: NAL105
$195.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
The Cultural Heritage of India (Set of 9 Volumes)
Item Code: NAF605
$450.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Testimonials
I make a point to thank you so much for the excellent service you and your team are providing for your clients. I am highly satisfied with the high-quality level of the books I have acquired, as well as with your effective customer-care service.
Alain Rocchi, Brazil
Dear friends, I just placed my order for one Radhe-Shyam copper bangle and I am looking forward to seeing the quality of your products. I have been searching for years for this price range of bangle with 'Radhe Radhe' or 'Radhe-Shyam'. I may add more items as I was not through shopping when I clicked on PayPal. Thanks sooo much for providing such hard-to-find and fair-priced items! Sincerely, David Briscoe
David, USA
I got my two dupattas today and I'm SO HAPPY! Thank you so much. Such amazing quality and the pictures totally do it justice They are beautiful!!! Thank you
Nony, USA
I received my Ganesha Purana order today Books received in good condition and delivery was very fast. Thank you very much..:)) Very good customer service.
Lukesh sithambaram
I'm happy to order from you and not the global monopoly that is Amazon. ;)
Tom, USA
A great 'Dorje' has arrived. Thank you for your sincerity.
Hideo, Japan
Thank you for your amazing customer service! I ordered Liberating Isolation Sunday, March 24 and received it Friday, March 29! Much sooner than expected:) The book was packaged nicely and is in great shape! Thank you again!
James, USA
Om Shanti Shanti Shanti !!! Exotic India Thank You Thank You Thank You !!!
Fotis Kosmidis
Hi, I would like to thankyou for your excellent service. Postage was quick. Books were packaged well and all in good condition.
Pauline, Australia
Thank you very much. Your sale prices are wonderful.
Michael, USA
Language:
Currency:
All rights reserved. Copyright 2019 © Exotic India