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Books > Buddhist > Buddha: His Life, His Doctrine, His Order
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Buddha: His Life, His Doctrine, His Order
Description

About the Book

This is a translation of a German work by Prof. Hermann Oldenberg. The original had attracted the attention of European scholars and the name of Oldenberg is a sufficient guarantee of the value of its contents. The distinguished author has in this work demolished the sceptical theory of a solar Buddha put forward by M. Senart. He has sifted the legendry elements of Buddhist tradition and has given the reliable residuum of facts concerning Buddha's life. He has gone to the roots of Buddhism in pre-Buddhist Brahmanism and has given to Indologists the original authorities for his views of Buddhist doctrines in Excursus at the end of the work.

Contents:

INTRODUCTION

CHAPTER I.

India and Buddhism
India and the West
The Triad of Buddha, the Doctrine, the Order
Western and Eastern Indian - The Brahman-castes,
The Aryans in India and their extension,
Aryan and Vedic culture
The Indian people
The Brahman-castes

CHAPTER II.

Indian Pantheism and Pessimism before Buddha
Symbolism of the offering-The Absolute
Rudiments of Indian speculation
Sacrifice and the symbolism of sacrifice
The Atman,
The Brahman
The Absolute as Atman-Brahma
The Absolute and the External world
Earlier and later forms of the Atman idea
Conversation of Yajnavalkya with Maitreyi
The non-ego
Pessimism, Metempsychosis, Deliverance
The Tempter-Brahman
The Kathaka-Upanisads, Naciketas and the God of Death
The God of death and Mera the Tempter
Brahman

CHAPTER III

Asceticism. Monastic Orders
Beginning of Monasticism
Advance of asceticism from Western India to the East: formation of monastic orders
Sects and heads
sophistic 

PART I

BUDDHA'S LIFE

CHAPTER I

The Character of Tradition. Legend and Myth
Doubt of the historical reality of Buddha's personality; Buddha and the Sun-hero
Basis of the traditions regarding Buddha: the sacred Pali literature
Character of the memoranda regarding, Buddha's person
Want of an ancient biography of Buddha
Biographical fragments handed down from ancient times
Legendary elements
Examination of the history of the attainment of delivering knowledge
Character of the statements regarding the external surroundings of Buddha's life

CHAPTER II

Buddha's Youth
The Sakyas
Buddha not a king's son
Childhood, marriage
Departure from home
Period of fruitless search
Decisive turning-point of his life 

CHAPTER III

Beginning of the Teacher's Career
The four-times seven days
History of the Temptation
The sermon at Benares
The first disciples
Further Conversions

CHAPTER IV

Buddha's Work
Buddha's work
Daily Life
Rainy season and season of Itinerancy
Allotment of the day
Buddha's disciples
Lay adherents
Women
Dialogue between Buddha and Visakha
Buddha criticism of the sacrificial system
Relations with other monastic orders
Criticism of self-mortification
Buddha's method of teaching
Dialect
His discourses, their scholastic chapter
Type of the histories of conversions
Dialogues
Analogy, Induction
Similes
Fables and Tales
Poetical sayings

CHAPTER V

Buddha's Death

PART II

THE DOCTRINES OF BUDDHISM

CHAPTER I

The Tent of Suffering
Buddhism a doctrine of suffering and deliverance
Its scholastic dialectic Difficulty of comprehension
The four sacred truths. The first and Buddhist pessimism
The Nothing and Suffering
Dialectic foundation of pessimism; discussion of the non-ego
The tone of Buddhist pessimism

CHAPTER II

The Tents of the Origin and of the Extinction of Suffering
The formula of the causal nexus
The third link in the chain of causality. Consciousness and corporeal form
The fourth to the eleventh link in the chain of causality
The first and second links of the causal chain
Ignorance The Samkharas
Kamma (moral retribution)
Being and Becoming. Substance and Formation
Dhamma Samkhara
The Soul
The Saint. The Ego. The Nirvana
The Nirvana in this life
The death of the Saint
Is the Nirvana the Nothing?
Buddha's conversation with Vacchagotta
with Malukya
Diallowing the Question as to the ultimate goal
Veiled answers to the question: the conversation between Khema and Pasenadi
Sariputta's conversation with Yamaka

CHAPTER III

The Tenet of the Path to the Extinction of Suffering
Duties to Others
The three categories of uprightness, self-concentration, and wisdom
Prohibitions and commands
Love and compassion
Story of Long-life and Long-grief
Story of Kunala
Beneficence: the story of Vesantara
The story of The Wise Hare
Moral self-culture
Mara, the Evil One
The last stages of the path of salvations. Abstractions. Saints and Buddhas

PART III

THE ORDER OF BUDDHA'S DISCIPLES 

CHAPTER I

The constitution to the Order and its codes of laws
The Order and the Dioceses. Admission and withdrawal
Property. Clothing. Dwelling, Maintenance
The Cultus
The Order of Nuns
The spiritual Order and the lay-world

EXCURSUS 

FIRST EXCURSUS 

On the relative Geographical Location of Vedic and Buddhism Culture
Separate demarcation of Aryan and Vedic culture
The enumeration of peoples in the Aitareya Brahmana Texts
Ditto in Manu
The stocks mentioned in the Brahmana Texts
The Kurus
The legend of Agni
The stocks named in the Rik-Samhita
The Turvacas

SECOND EXCURSUS 

Notes and Authorities on the History of Buddha Youth
The Sakyas
The name Gotama
Buddha not a king's son
His youth and departure from Kapilavatthu
The period from Pabbajja to Sambodhi
The Sambodhi

THIRD EXCURSUS 

Appendices and Authorities on some Matters of Buddhist Dogmatic
1. The Nirvana Upadhi
Upadana
Upadises
Passages bearings on the Nirvana
Nirvana and Parinirvana
2. Namarupa
3. The Four Stages of Holiness

Buddha: His Life, His Doctrine, His Order

Item Code:
IDC112
Cover:
Paperback
Edition:
1997
ISBN:
8120814975
Size:
8.5" x 5.5"
Pages:
462
Price:
$28.00   Shipping Free
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About the Book

This is a translation of a German work by Prof. Hermann Oldenberg. The original had attracted the attention of European scholars and the name of Oldenberg is a sufficient guarantee of the value of its contents. The distinguished author has in this work demolished the sceptical theory of a solar Buddha put forward by M. Senart. He has sifted the legendry elements of Buddhist tradition and has given the reliable residuum of facts concerning Buddha's life. He has gone to the roots of Buddhism in pre-Buddhist Brahmanism and has given to Indologists the original authorities for his views of Buddhist doctrines in Excursus at the end of the work.

Contents:

INTRODUCTION

CHAPTER I.

India and Buddhism
India and the West
The Triad of Buddha, the Doctrine, the Order
Western and Eastern Indian - The Brahman-castes,
The Aryans in India and their extension,
Aryan and Vedic culture
The Indian people
The Brahman-castes

CHAPTER II.

Indian Pantheism and Pessimism before Buddha
Symbolism of the offering-The Absolute
Rudiments of Indian speculation
Sacrifice and the symbolism of sacrifice
The Atman,
The Brahman
The Absolute as Atman-Brahma
The Absolute and the External world
Earlier and later forms of the Atman idea
Conversation of Yajnavalkya with Maitreyi
The non-ego
Pessimism, Metempsychosis, Deliverance
The Tempter-Brahman
The Kathaka-Upanisads, Naciketas and the God of Death
The God of death and Mera the Tempter
Brahman

CHAPTER III

Asceticism. Monastic Orders
Beginning of Monasticism
Advance of asceticism from Western India to the East: formation of monastic orders
Sects and heads
sophistic 

PART I

BUDDHA'S LIFE

CHAPTER I

The Character of Tradition. Legend and Myth
Doubt of the historical reality of Buddha's personality; Buddha and the Sun-hero
Basis of the traditions regarding Buddha: the sacred Pali literature
Character of the memoranda regarding, Buddha's person
Want of an ancient biography of Buddha
Biographical fragments handed down from ancient times
Legendary elements
Examination of the history of the attainment of delivering knowledge
Character of the statements regarding the external surroundings of Buddha's life

CHAPTER II

Buddha's Youth
The Sakyas
Buddha not a king's son
Childhood, marriage
Departure from home
Period of fruitless search
Decisive turning-point of his life 

CHAPTER III

Beginning of the Teacher's Career
The four-times seven days
History of the Temptation
The sermon at Benares
The first disciples
Further Conversions

CHAPTER IV

Buddha's Work
Buddha's work
Daily Life
Rainy season and season of Itinerancy
Allotment of the day
Buddha's disciples
Lay adherents
Women
Dialogue between Buddha and Visakha
Buddha criticism of the sacrificial system
Relations with other monastic orders
Criticism of self-mortification
Buddha's method of teaching
Dialect
His discourses, their scholastic chapter
Type of the histories of conversions
Dialogues
Analogy, Induction
Similes
Fables and Tales
Poetical sayings

CHAPTER V

Buddha's Death

PART II

THE DOCTRINES OF BUDDHISM

CHAPTER I

The Tent of Suffering
Buddhism a doctrine of suffering and deliverance
Its scholastic dialectic Difficulty of comprehension
The four sacred truths. The first and Buddhist pessimism
The Nothing and Suffering
Dialectic foundation of pessimism; discussion of the non-ego
The tone of Buddhist pessimism

CHAPTER II

The Tents of the Origin and of the Extinction of Suffering
The formula of the causal nexus
The third link in the chain of causality. Consciousness and corporeal form
The fourth to the eleventh link in the chain of causality
The first and second links of the causal chain
Ignorance The Samkharas
Kamma (moral retribution)
Being and Becoming. Substance and Formation
Dhamma Samkhara
The Soul
The Saint. The Ego. The Nirvana
The Nirvana in this life
The death of the Saint
Is the Nirvana the Nothing?
Buddha's conversation with Vacchagotta
with Malukya
Diallowing the Question as to the ultimate goal
Veiled answers to the question: the conversation between Khema and Pasenadi
Sariputta's conversation with Yamaka

CHAPTER III

The Tenet of the Path to the Extinction of Suffering
Duties to Others
The three categories of uprightness, self-concentration, and wisdom
Prohibitions and commands
Love and compassion
Story of Long-life and Long-grief
Story of Kunala
Beneficence: the story of Vesantara
The story of The Wise Hare
Moral self-culture
Mara, the Evil One
The last stages of the path of salvations. Abstractions. Saints and Buddhas

PART III

THE ORDER OF BUDDHA'S DISCIPLES 

CHAPTER I

The constitution to the Order and its codes of laws
The Order and the Dioceses. Admission and withdrawal
Property. Clothing. Dwelling, Maintenance
The Cultus
The Order of Nuns
The spiritual Order and the lay-world

EXCURSUS 

FIRST EXCURSUS 

On the relative Geographical Location of Vedic and Buddhism Culture
Separate demarcation of Aryan and Vedic culture
The enumeration of peoples in the Aitareya Brahmana Texts
Ditto in Manu
The stocks mentioned in the Brahmana Texts
The Kurus
The legend of Agni
The stocks named in the Rik-Samhita
The Turvacas

SECOND EXCURSUS 

Notes and Authorities on the History of Buddha Youth
The Sakyas
The name Gotama
Buddha not a king's son
His youth and departure from Kapilavatthu
The period from Pabbajja to Sambodhi
The Sambodhi

THIRD EXCURSUS 

Appendices and Authorities on some Matters of Buddhist Dogmatic
1. The Nirvana Upadhi
Upadana
Upadises
Passages bearings on the Nirvana
Nirvana and Parinirvana
2. Namarupa
3. The Four Stages of Holiness

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