This work is primarily an interpretation of India logic preserved in China. The
material is mainly taken from K'uei Chi's Great Commentary on the Nyayapravesa.
It is not designed to be a comprehensive study of Indian logic in general, nor
is it planned to be a complete exposition of K'uei Chi's work in particular. Its
scope is confined to formal logic. The author's intentions are to solve problems
which have not yet been settled and to interpret theories which have not yet
been clearly interpreted, instead of duplicating what other people have already
done. Much more attention has been paid to the fundamental principles and less
to the list of fallacies, in particular less to the overelaboration which does
not make much sense either theoretically or practically.
In an examination of
the principles of the Hetucakra and the Trairupya, it is
unavoidable that some non-Buddhist works are involved, i.e. without them the
discussion of the theories would be incomplete. Therefore the theories of
Uddyotakara, who was totally unknown to the early Chinese logicians, have been
discussed. Besides interpetaiton of Indian theories, one chapter is devoted to a
discussion of possible consequences on Western logic after Indian theories have
been introduced and absorbed.
Regarding symbolic notation, the author
generally follows that of the Principia Mathematica. One of the
exceptions is the use of dots. A part of Aristotelian terminology, such as the
names of premises, terms and moods, has been used as a substitute, and not the
precise equivalent, for the sake of convenience only.
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