R.S. Sudarshanam opened new doors
of perception to contemporary Telugu
Literature interpreting the works of noted
writers in the mode of criticism as an art
form. These remarkable essays stand out
as intellectual criticism sparkling with
thorough scholarship and amazing
insights educating and enlightening
practitioners of fiction and poetry.
That the foundations of Indian culture were deeply embedded in
Dravidian culture is now an incontrovertible fact. Dravidian culture is
one of the most ancient cultures of the world. Those cultures, slightly
contemporaneous to one another, slowly started fading out. However,
the primordial Dravidian culture continues to thrive without losing its
quintessence despite the apparent changes in systems of dress and
Dravidian University was established in 1997 to mirror the real and
rich picture of Dravidian culture not only in its linguistic, literary, cultural
and philosophical facets but in science and technological angles also.
The spirit of integration is the guiding force behind the creation of
the University. The linguistic and cultural integration, not at the regional
but at the national level is the cherished objective of the University.
The Government of Andhra Pradesh started Dravidian University,
with the co-operation of the sister States, to research and reflect on the
inherent oneness of the cultures of Dravidian family the four States whose
languages number up to 27. Its endeavour is to promote unity and amity
in the family of several languages. The main objectives of Dravidian
University are to augment the common weal and social well being of the
communities of marginal languages and to build bridges among the
Southern States. While working on each language separately in varied
areas, it aims at a synthesis and a discovery of the common heritage
through Comparative Studies.
Sti R.S. Sundarshanam’s collection of critical essays ‘saahityamlo
drikpadhaalu’(1968)’ ‘samaajamu saahityamu’(1972) ‘saahitya
nepadhyam’ (1983) ‘kavi hridayam’ (1988) stand him in good stead even
now as a distinguished literary critic unsurpassed in his fresh outlook and
serious explorations. He has many facets to his career: a venerated
Professor of English literature, an educational administrator, a poet of
rare intrinsic vision, intellect and comprehension, an inquisitive observer
of men and matters shaping him as novelist and short story writer.
The assiduous training he received at Madras Christian College as
a student of English literature has become a boon to many a man of ,
letters by way of his essays written in English on Telugu literature.
Authoritative, Knowledgeble and informative though they are, he never
sounds stentorian or sloganising. As a literary interpreter and critic he
stands equal in rank with Matthew Arnold, Dowden, Middleton Murray
and T.S. Eliot. In Telugu he is next only to Sri Rallapalli Ananta Krishna
Sarma, the first ever disciplinarian in literary criticism as tratise.
His self appointed research in contemporary literature resulted in
a profitable search for common Indo-Western Critical principles. He runs
the whole gamut of world literature through original thinkers, philosophers
and social scientists.
He goes into the roots of knowledge, tradition and experience. He
applies the notion of complimentarity in literature as that of science. He
emphasises on the validity of the subjective individual experience in relation
with knowledge permeated by objective thinking.
Telugu literary criticism is now enriched by Sri R.S. Sudarshanam’s
explorations of such a broad spectrum of ideas. He advanced the theory
of liteature applying principles of criticism to it. He deduces the primary
principles by both the theoretical and historical literature.
Dravidian University is grateful to Smt. Vasundhara Devi, wife of
Sri R.S. Sudarshanam for permitting it to bring all these essays in English
as "Collected Critique". We are happy on this memorable occasion of
starting Sri R.S. Sudarshanam Endowment Lecture on 31st May, 2008
and releasing this collection.
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