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A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE JAINA THEORIES OF REALITY AND KNOWLEDGE

A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE JAINA THEORIES OF REALITY AND KNOWLEDGE
$44.50
Item Code: IDG127
Author: Y. J. Padmarajiah
Publisher: Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Pvt. Ltd.
Language: English
Edition: 2004
ISBN: 8120800362
Pages: 428
Cover: Hardcover
Other Details: 8.8" X 5.8"
About the Book:

The books is divided into two parts (bound in one Volume). Part I is related to the nature of Reality. The author formulates five types of approach to the problem of Reality. He discovers flaws in the following four: (1) the philosophy of identity, (2) that of difference, (3) of identity in difference in which identity predominates and (4) of identity in difference in which difference predominates. The only approach which he finds flawless is the Jaina view, namely of identity in difference in which identity in difference in which identity is co-ordinate with difference. The author proceeds to discuss two aspects of reality, viz. the relational structure and causal efficiency and shows that the two can exist and function only within the framework of a co-ordinate identity in difference, accepted by the Jaina thinkers. This is followed by a search for the meaning and content of the notion of substance and an attempt is made to distinguish between the concepts of intrinsic and extrinsic attributes.

Part 2 presents an analytical account of the methods of knowledge recognized by the Jaina thinkers under the characteristic doctrines of standpoints and of conditional predication (Nayavada and Syadvada) preceded by an investigation into the nature and the logical evolution of the theory of manifoldness Anekantavada).

About the Author:

DR. Y. J. PADMARAJIAH was a great genius. His earlier research work on the concept of Time, produced for the Master of Arts Degree in Philosophy, was greatly appreciated by Prof. M. Hiriyanna. His paper on the subject, contributed to the Indian Philosophical Conference 1945, was published in the Journal of the Mysore University, Sec. A, 1947. He was awarded the degree of Doctor of Philosophy by Oxford University for the present work-Jaina Theories of Reality and Knowledge-which won him the appreciation of Dr. A. L. Basham, a reputed scholar of modern time. Dr. S. N. Dasgupta spoke highly of his researches in the branch of comparative philosophy associated with the allied trends of Indian and Western thought. Dr. H. N. Spalding, the founder of the Spalding Chair of Eastern Religions and Ethics at Oxford University, thought very highly of him as a man and a scholar.

CONTENTS

PAGE
FOREWORDV
INTRODUCTION1
EDITOR'S NOTE5
PART I:ONTOLOGY (The Nature of Reality)9
CHAPTER I:A Preliminary Statement of an Im-
portant Vedantic and Buddhistic Objection
against the Jaina View of Reality, leading
to the Formulation of Five Types of
Approach to the Problem of Reality
11
CHAPTER II:A Study in Contrasts: A. The
Philosophy of Identity (or Being); B. The
Philosophy of Difference (Becoming or
Change)
29
CHAPTER III:The Schools of Philosophy in which
Identity Subordinates Difference : A. The
Sankhya System; B. The Bhedabheda Systems
of (i) Bhartrprapanca, (ii) Bhaskara
and Yadavaprakasa, (iii) Nimbarka, (iv)
Ramanuja; C. Hegelianism
59
CHAPTER IV :The schools of Philosophy in which
Difference Subordinates Identity : A. The
Vaisesika System; B. The Dvaita System
(of Madhva)
105
CHAPTER V :The Jaina Philosophy of Identity-in-
Difference in which Identity is Co-ordinate
with Difference
121
CHAPTER VI :The Externalistic Doctrine of Iden-
tity-in-Difference (Ubhayavada) versus the
Doctrine of a Unique and Integral Synthesis
of Identity-in-Difference (Jatyantaravada)
183
CHAPTER VII:Is Relation an Entity, or a Mental
Construction, or a Structural Manifestation
of Identity-in-Difference in Reality?
203
CHAPTER VIII:A Consideration of Two Contro-versies
Concerning Dravya and Guna (and/or Paryaya)
with a view to Clarifying the Nature
of Both : (1) How far could a Dravya be treated as
a Concrete Universal? (2) Are Gunas the Same as,
or Different from, Paryayas?
247
PART II :EPISTEMOLOGY : A. ANEKANTA-
VADA, the theory of Realism; B.
NAYAVADA, the Theory of Standpoint; C.
SYADVADA, or Saptabhangi, the Dialectic
or Conditional or Sevenfold Predication
269
CHAPTER IX : Anekantavada or the Theory of
Manifoldness
271
CHAPTER X :Nayavada or the Theory of
Standpoints
301
CHAPTER XI :Syadvada or the Dialectic of
Conditional Predication
331
CONCLUSION379
BIBLIOGRAPHY383
INDEXES393
I (A):Index to Works Mentioned in the
Bibliography (in abbreviated) form
393
I (B) :Index to Other Works396
II :Index to Names of Authors, &c400
III :Index to the Philosophical Sects and
Tenets &c
406
IV:Index to Sanskrit and Prakrit Words409

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