Subscribe for Newsletters and Discounts
Be the first to receive our thoughtfully written
religious articles and product discounts.
Your interests (Optional)
This will help us make recommendations and send discounts and sale information at times.
By registering, you may receive account related information, our email newsletters and product updates, no more than twice a month. Please read our Privacy Policy for details.
.
By subscribing, you will receive our email newsletters and product updates, no more than twice a month. All emails will be sent by Exotic India using the email address info@exoticindia.com.

Please read our Privacy Policy for details.
|6
Sign In  |  Sign up
Your Cart (0)
Best Deals
Share our website with your friends.
Email this page to a friend
Books > Language and Literature > Determination of Phonemic and Graphemic Frequencies by Sampling Techniques (An Old and Rare Book)
Subscribe to our newsletter and discounts
Determination of Phonemic and Graphemic Frequencies by Sampling Techniques (An Old and Rare Book)
Pages from the book
Determination of Phonemic and Graphemic Frequencies by Sampling Techniques (An Old and Rare Book)
Look Inside the Book
Description
Foreword

On the 15th of October 1964 the Deccan College celebrates the centenary of its main Building, and curiously enough this period coincides with the Silver Jubilee of the Postgraduate and Research Institute which, as successor to the Deccan College, started functioning from 17th August 1939 when members of the teaching faculty reported on duty. When I suggested to members of our faculty the novel idea that the centenary should be celebrated by the publication of a hundred monographs representing the research carried on under the auspices of the Deccan College in its several departments they readily accepted the suggestion. These contributions are from present and past faculty members and research scholars of the Deccan College, giving a cross-section of the manifold research that it has sponsored during the past twentyfive years. From small beginnings in 1939 the Deccan College has now grown into a well developed and developing Research Institute and become a national centre in so far as Linguistics, Archaeology and Ancient Indian History, and Anthropology and Sociology are concerned. Its international status is attested by the location of the Indian Institute of German Studies (jointly sponsored by Deccan College and the Goethe Institute of Munich), the American Institute of Indian Studies and a branch of the Ecole Francaise d’Extreme-Orient in the campus of the Deccan College. The century of monographs not only symbolises the centenary of the original building and the silver jubilee of the Research Institute, but also the new spirit of critical enquiry and the promise of more to come.

Preface

The present study is an inter-disciplinary one calling forth a harmonious co-ordination of the two disciplines, namely, Linguistics and Statistics. Therefore, as far as possible, the elementary notions incorporated into the present study are explained. However, the continuity of the theme has made it necessary to provide explanations of some of these at their subsequent occurrences, where their explanations of some of these terms at their subsequent occurrences, where their presence is conspicuously felt. Naturally, in getting information about a term, the index is of great help.

The first chapter gives definitions of phonemes and graphemes and some of the uses of their frequencies.

Chapter II presents a succint description of the numerous studies carried out in the past to determine phonemic and graphemic frequencies of several languages. It is to be noted that the choice of these studies is arbitrary.

Chapter III sets out to explain the statistical nature of the problem along with the objectives of the present study and the universe to which the present study refers.

Chapter IV is statistical in nature and is devoted to determine the optimum number of sampling units. For this purpose, a pilot sample is drawn by employing the replicated systematic sampling system suggested by TUKEY and popularised by DEMING. Evidently the estimates of standard errors appearing in the formula of optimum number of sampling units are readily available.

Chapter V and VI examine the applications of the simple random sampling system and the two-stage sampling system.

Consequently the present study considers the following three sampling procedures:

(1) A replicated systematic sampling,

(2) the simple random sampling, and

(3) the two-stage sampling,

where the target population consists of graphemes on the sheets of a connected matter while the sampled population is composed of samping elements. A sampling element may be

(1) a sentence on a sheet,

(2) two sentences on a sheet, or

(3) a blank.

Chapter VII presents a comparison of the standard errors for the ten characteristics considered in the present study, and demonstrates that in a majority of cases the two-stage sampling is the best sampling procedure.

Furthermore, the present study points out that a sample o 600 words or approximately 4,000 phonemes is adequate for the purpose of determining the phonemic and graphemic frequencies, since, the results derived in the present study are in general consistent with those of the previous studies carried out with approximately 5 lakh phonemes (i.e. one lakh words) and with 20,000 phonemes.

In the first place, I am indebted to Dr. S. M. KATRE, Director, Deccan College Postgraduate and Research Institute, for encouragement and also for a subvention carried out at the Statistical Service Unit, Department of Statistics, University of Poona.

I have to thank many persons for helping me in the completion of the present study.

In connection with this study, I acknowledge with pleasure the encouraging discussion I had, on linguistic theory, with the following persons:

Professor P. B. PANDIT, Professor A. M. GHATAGE, Professor N.G. KALELKAR, Professor A.R. KELKAR, Professor C. R. SANKARAN and Mr. M. D. BALASUBRAMANYAM.

Thanks are due to Professor A.R. KELKAR for going through the first chapter and making many useful suggestions, to Dr. M. G. PANSE for helpful comments on the Marathi version of the sampled material.

Further, I would like to thank Dr. S. R. ADKE and Mr. S. W. JOSHI of the Department o Statistics, University of Poona for the lively discussions on statistical theory utilised in the present study.

Contents

Foreword
Freface
1Phonemes, Graphemes and Uses of their Frequencies1
2A Review of Some of the Past Studies5
3The Statisti10cal Nature of the Problem and the Present Study10
4The Optimum Number of Sampling Units14
5Application of Simple Random Sampling Procedure34
6Application of Two-stage Sampling Procedure40
7Efficient Method of Sampling47

Sample Pages





Determination of Phonemic and Graphemic Frequencies by Sampling Techniques (An Old and Rare Book)

Item Code:
NAM077
Cover:
Paperback
Edition:
1969
Language:
English
Size:
10.0 inch x 7.5 inch
Pages:
64
Other Details:
Weight of the Book: 135 gms
Price:
$15.00   Shipping Free
Look Inside the Book
Add to Wishlist
Send as e-card
Send as free online greeting card
Determination of Phonemic and Graphemic Frequencies by Sampling Techniques (An Old and Rare Book)

Verify the characters on the left

From:
Edit     
You will be informed as and when your card is viewed. Please note that your card will be active in the system for 30 days.

Viewed 1446 times since 13th Jul, 2016
Foreword

On the 15th of October 1964 the Deccan College celebrates the centenary of its main Building, and curiously enough this period coincides with the Silver Jubilee of the Postgraduate and Research Institute which, as successor to the Deccan College, started functioning from 17th August 1939 when members of the teaching faculty reported on duty. When I suggested to members of our faculty the novel idea that the centenary should be celebrated by the publication of a hundred monographs representing the research carried on under the auspices of the Deccan College in its several departments they readily accepted the suggestion. These contributions are from present and past faculty members and research scholars of the Deccan College, giving a cross-section of the manifold research that it has sponsored during the past twentyfive years. From small beginnings in 1939 the Deccan College has now grown into a well developed and developing Research Institute and become a national centre in so far as Linguistics, Archaeology and Ancient Indian History, and Anthropology and Sociology are concerned. Its international status is attested by the location of the Indian Institute of German Studies (jointly sponsored by Deccan College and the Goethe Institute of Munich), the American Institute of Indian Studies and a branch of the Ecole Francaise d’Extreme-Orient in the campus of the Deccan College. The century of monographs not only symbolises the centenary of the original building and the silver jubilee of the Research Institute, but also the new spirit of critical enquiry and the promise of more to come.

Preface

The present study is an inter-disciplinary one calling forth a harmonious co-ordination of the two disciplines, namely, Linguistics and Statistics. Therefore, as far as possible, the elementary notions incorporated into the present study are explained. However, the continuity of the theme has made it necessary to provide explanations of some of these at their subsequent occurrences, where their explanations of some of these terms at their subsequent occurrences, where their presence is conspicuously felt. Naturally, in getting information about a term, the index is of great help.

The first chapter gives definitions of phonemes and graphemes and some of the uses of their frequencies.

Chapter II presents a succint description of the numerous studies carried out in the past to determine phonemic and graphemic frequencies of several languages. It is to be noted that the choice of these studies is arbitrary.

Chapter III sets out to explain the statistical nature of the problem along with the objectives of the present study and the universe to which the present study refers.

Chapter IV is statistical in nature and is devoted to determine the optimum number of sampling units. For this purpose, a pilot sample is drawn by employing the replicated systematic sampling system suggested by TUKEY and popularised by DEMING. Evidently the estimates of standard errors appearing in the formula of optimum number of sampling units are readily available.

Chapter V and VI examine the applications of the simple random sampling system and the two-stage sampling system.

Consequently the present study considers the following three sampling procedures:

(1) A replicated systematic sampling,

(2) the simple random sampling, and

(3) the two-stage sampling,

where the target population consists of graphemes on the sheets of a connected matter while the sampled population is composed of samping elements. A sampling element may be

(1) a sentence on a sheet,

(2) two sentences on a sheet, or

(3) a blank.

Chapter VII presents a comparison of the standard errors for the ten characteristics considered in the present study, and demonstrates that in a majority of cases the two-stage sampling is the best sampling procedure.

Furthermore, the present study points out that a sample o 600 words or approximately 4,000 phonemes is adequate for the purpose of determining the phonemic and graphemic frequencies, since, the results derived in the present study are in general consistent with those of the previous studies carried out with approximately 5 lakh phonemes (i.e. one lakh words) and with 20,000 phonemes.

In the first place, I am indebted to Dr. S. M. KATRE, Director, Deccan College Postgraduate and Research Institute, for encouragement and also for a subvention carried out at the Statistical Service Unit, Department of Statistics, University of Poona.

I have to thank many persons for helping me in the completion of the present study.

In connection with this study, I acknowledge with pleasure the encouraging discussion I had, on linguistic theory, with the following persons:

Professor P. B. PANDIT, Professor A. M. GHATAGE, Professor N.G. KALELKAR, Professor A.R. KELKAR, Professor C. R. SANKARAN and Mr. M. D. BALASUBRAMANYAM.

Thanks are due to Professor A.R. KELKAR for going through the first chapter and making many useful suggestions, to Dr. M. G. PANSE for helpful comments on the Marathi version of the sampled material.

Further, I would like to thank Dr. S. R. ADKE and Mr. S. W. JOSHI of the Department o Statistics, University of Poona for the lively discussions on statistical theory utilised in the present study.

Contents

Foreword
Freface
1Phonemes, Graphemes and Uses of their Frequencies1
2A Review of Some of the Past Studies5
3The Statisti10cal Nature of the Problem and the Present Study10
4The Optimum Number of Sampling Units14
5Application of Simple Random Sampling Procedure34
6Application of Two-stage Sampling Procedure40
7Efficient Method of Sampling47

Sample Pages





Post a Comment
 
Post Review
Post a Query
For privacy concerns, please view our Privacy Policy
Based on your browsing history
Loading... Please wait

Items Related to Determination of Phonemic and Graphemic Frequencies by Sampling... (Language and Literature | Books)

Encyclopedia of Indian Philosophies Volume V The Philosophy of the Grammarians
Deal 20% Off
Item Code: IDF214
$85.00$68.00
You save: $17.00 (20%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Halakki Kannada
Item Code: NAM055
$30.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
The Sounds of Bengali and French
by Aditi Ghosh
Hardcover (Edition: 2003)
The Asiatic Society
Item Code: IDI018
$22.50
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Sphotasiddhi of Mandana Misra - A Rare Book
Item Code: NAG962
$30.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Linguistic Issues In Encoding Sanskrit
Item Code: NAD274
$35.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Maithili (Some Aspects of Its Phonetics and Phonology)
Deal 20% Off
Item Code: IDD586
$40.00$32.00
You save: $8.00 (20%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Bhili of Dangs (An Old and Rare Book)
Item Code: NAM129
$20.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Byangsi Grammar and Vocabulary
Item Code: NAM205
$25.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Testimonials
I received the package today... Wonderfully wrapped and packaged (beautiful statue)! Please thank all involved for everything they do! I deeply appreciate everyone's efforts!
Frances, USA
I have always been delighted with your excellent service and variety of items.
James, USA
I've been happy with prior purchases from this site!
Priya, USA
Thank you. You are providing an excellent and unique service.
Thiru, UK
Thank You very much for this wonderful opportunity for helping people to acquire the spiritual treasures of Hinduism at such an affordable price.
Ramakrishna, Australia
I really LOVE you! Wonderful selections, prices and service. Thank you!
Tina, USA
This is to inform you that the shipment of my order has arrived in perfect condition. The actual shipment took only less than two weeks, which is quite good seen the circumstances. I waited with my response until now since the Buddha statue was a present that I handed over just recently. The Medicine Buddha was meant for a lady who is active in the healing business and the statue was just the right thing for her. I downloaded the respective mantras and chants so that she can work with the benefits of the spiritual meanings of the statue and the mantras. She is really delighted and immediately fell in love with the beautiful statue. I am most grateful to you for having provided this wonderful work of art. We both have a strong relationship with Buddhism and know to appreciate the valuable spiritual power of this way of thinking. So thank you very much again and I am sure that I will come back again.
Bernd, Spain
You have the best selection of Hindu religous art and books and excellent service.i AM THANKFUL FOR BOTH.
Michael, USA
I am very happy with your service, and have now added a web page recommending you for those interested in Vedic astrology books: https://www.learnastrologyfree.com/vedicbooks.htm Many blessings to you.
Hank, USA
As usual I love your merchandise!!!
Anthea, USA
Language:
Currency:
All rights reserved. Copyright 2019 © Exotic India