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Books > Language and Literature > The Elephant-Lore Of The Hindus : The Elephant-sport (Matanga-Lila) Of Nilakantha (Translated From The Original Sanskrit With Introduction, Notes, and Glossary)
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The Elephant-Lore Of The Hindus : The Elephant-sport (Matanga-Lila) Of Nilakantha (Translated From The Original Sanskrit With Introduction, Notes, and Glossary)
The Elephant-Lore Of The Hindus : The Elephant-sport (Matanga-Lila) Of Nilakantha (Translated From The Original Sanskrit With Introduction, Notes, and Glossary)
Description
From the Jacket

This book is intended to serve as an introduction to the elephant-lore of Hindus. It consists primarily of a translation of the "Elephant-Sport" (Matanga-Lila) of Nilakantha, with notes, introduction, and glossary. The Matanga-Lila is without doubt the best available Sanskrit work on elephantology. It is a brief and succinct treatise in 263 stanzas, divided into twelve chapters of uneven length (ranging from only three stanzas up to fifty-one). Nothing is known of the Nilakantha who is mentioned as its author. According to the editor, Ganapati Sastri, the three manuscripts he used are about two hundred years old. But the work is probably very much older. For aught we know it may go back a thousand years or even to a much earlier date. This, however, is purely conjectural; all we can say is that there is no positive trace of modernity in the work. The elephant-lore of our text is based on a genuine traditional knowledge which grew up among those whose business it was to deal with elephants, and that this tradition has persisted to modern times.

Back of the book

This is the first attempt at a description of the grammar and lexicon of Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit (BHS). Most North Indian Buddhist texts are composed in it. It is based primarily on an old Middle Indic vernacular not otherwise identifiable. But there seems reason to believe that it contains features which were borrowed (originally, or in the course of historical development, or both) from other Middle Indic dialects. In other words, even strikingly, however, BHS was also extensively influenced by Sanskrit, from the very beginning of the tradition as it has been transmitted to us, and increasingly as time went on. Many (especially later) products of this tradition have often, though misleadingly, been called simply 'Sanskrit', without qualification.

The most striking peculiarity of this language is that from the very beginning of its tradition it was modified in the direction of standard Sanskrit, while still retaining evidences of its middle Indic origin. In all its texts, even the oldest, at least as shown by our manuscripts and editions, Sanskritisms are constantly presented cheek by jowl with Middle Indic forms, and often with hybrids which strictly are neither one nor the other. These Sanskritisms are much too common to be comparable with stray Sanskrit loanwords or loan-forms which may have been occasionally adopted in many a genuine Middle Indic vernacular.

In principle, the author has excluded from the grammar and dictionary all forms which are standard Sanskrit, and all words which are used in standard Sanskrit with the same meanings.

CONTENTS
Preface: Description Of Sourcesvii
1The Matanga-lilavii
2The Hastyayurvedaviii
3The Tanjore Manuscriptix
4Other Sanskrit sourcesx
5Modern works on the elephantxi
6Zimmer's German Translation of ML. xii
7Personal Assistancexiv
Bibliographyxvii
Introduction1
1The place of elephant-lore in Indian literature1
2Theoretical and practical elements in the "science"5
3Modern elephant-lore: good and bad points of elephants9
4Modern elephant-lore: "castes"11
5Modern elephant-lore: catching of elephants16
6Contents of the Matanga-lila22
7The must of elephants29
Translation Of The Elephant-Sport41
Chapter I: On the origin of elephants41
Chapter II: On favorable marks54
Chapter III: On unfavorable marks58
Chapter IV: On marks of longevity60
Chapter V: On marks of the stages of life62
Chapter VI: On determination of measurements69
Chapter VII: On details of price73
Chapter VIII: On marks of character74
Chapter IX: On kinds of must80
Chapter X: On the catching of elephants87
Chapter XI: On the keeping of elephants and their daily and seasonal regimen92
Chapter XII: On the qualities of elephant drivers, etc.105
Glossary 113
Emendations Of The Text126
Index127

The Elephant-Lore Of The Hindus : The Elephant-sport (Matanga-Lila) Of Nilakantha (Translated From The Original Sanskrit With Introduction, Notes, and Glossary)

Item Code:
IDH406
Cover:
Hardcover
Edition:
1985
ISBN:
8120800052
Size:
7.2" X 5
Pages:
129
Price:
$14.00   Shipping Free
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The Elephant-Lore Of The Hindus : The Elephant-sport (Matanga-Lila) Of Nilakantha (Translated From The Original Sanskrit With Introduction, Notes, and Glossary)

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From the Jacket

This book is intended to serve as an introduction to the elephant-lore of Hindus. It consists primarily of a translation of the "Elephant-Sport" (Matanga-Lila) of Nilakantha, with notes, introduction, and glossary. The Matanga-Lila is without doubt the best available Sanskrit work on elephantology. It is a brief and succinct treatise in 263 stanzas, divided into twelve chapters of uneven length (ranging from only three stanzas up to fifty-one). Nothing is known of the Nilakantha who is mentioned as its author. According to the editor, Ganapati Sastri, the three manuscripts he used are about two hundred years old. But the work is probably very much older. For aught we know it may go back a thousand years or even to a much earlier date. This, however, is purely conjectural; all we can say is that there is no positive trace of modernity in the work. The elephant-lore of our text is based on a genuine traditional knowledge which grew up among those whose business it was to deal with elephants, and that this tradition has persisted to modern times.

Back of the book

This is the first attempt at a description of the grammar and lexicon of Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit (BHS). Most North Indian Buddhist texts are composed in it. It is based primarily on an old Middle Indic vernacular not otherwise identifiable. But there seems reason to believe that it contains features which were borrowed (originally, or in the course of historical development, or both) from other Middle Indic dialects. In other words, even strikingly, however, BHS was also extensively influenced by Sanskrit, from the very beginning of the tradition as it has been transmitted to us, and increasingly as time went on. Many (especially later) products of this tradition have often, though misleadingly, been called simply 'Sanskrit', without qualification.

The most striking peculiarity of this language is that from the very beginning of its tradition it was modified in the direction of standard Sanskrit, while still retaining evidences of its middle Indic origin. In all its texts, even the oldest, at least as shown by our manuscripts and editions, Sanskritisms are constantly presented cheek by jowl with Middle Indic forms, and often with hybrids which strictly are neither one nor the other. These Sanskritisms are much too common to be comparable with stray Sanskrit loanwords or loan-forms which may have been occasionally adopted in many a genuine Middle Indic vernacular.

In principle, the author has excluded from the grammar and dictionary all forms which are standard Sanskrit, and all words which are used in standard Sanskrit with the same meanings.

CONTENTS
Preface: Description Of Sourcesvii
1The Matanga-lilavii
2The Hastyayurvedaviii
3The Tanjore Manuscriptix
4Other Sanskrit sourcesx
5Modern works on the elephantxi
6Zimmer's German Translation of ML. xii
7Personal Assistancexiv
Bibliographyxvii
Introduction1
1The place of elephant-lore in Indian literature1
2Theoretical and practical elements in the "science"5
3Modern elephant-lore: good and bad points of elephants9
4Modern elephant-lore: "castes"11
5Modern elephant-lore: catching of elephants16
6Contents of the Matanga-lila22
7The must of elephants29
Translation Of The Elephant-Sport41
Chapter I: On the origin of elephants41
Chapter II: On favorable marks54
Chapter III: On unfavorable marks58
Chapter IV: On marks of longevity60
Chapter V: On marks of the stages of life62
Chapter VI: On determination of measurements69
Chapter VII: On details of price73
Chapter VIII: On marks of character74
Chapter IX: On kinds of must80
Chapter X: On the catching of elephants87
Chapter XI: On the keeping of elephants and their daily and seasonal regimen92
Chapter XII: On the qualities of elephant drivers, etc.105
Glossary 113
Emendations Of The Text126
Index127
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