Democratic and representative institutions were existing in ancient India. Many of the rules and procedure which were followed in Sabhas and Samitis were akin to the rules observed in modern day legislatures.
The Parliamentary system as we understand it today, was first introduced in the country by the British. For the first time under the Government of India Act, 1919, a bicameral Central Legislature was established and in 1921 the Council of State was inaugurated which served as the Upper House of the colonial legislature. Changes in the mode of election, composition, powers, etc. of the Council of State were brought about from time to time, mainly due to the competing compulsions of the colonial rule and the pressure of the nationalist forces.
The Government of India Act, 1935 also provided for the bicameral Central Legislature.
The Constituent Assembly which framed the Constitution for free India discussed and deli-berated on the utility of Second Chamber and finally settled for a bicameral Parliament-the House of the People being directly elected House and the Council of States representing the States.
Important documents relating to the creation and evolution of the Second Chamber in India and also the debate of the Constituent Assembly in this behalf have been included in the book for a reference.
This book marks the fifty years of Rajya Sabha which was constituted on 3 April 1952.
R.C. Tripathi started his career as Assistant Professor in University of Allahabad and later joined Indian Administrative Service in 1964. Despite having a busy schedule as a senior civil servant, he continued the academic pursuits. He has given lectures and written a number of articles on general administration, Indian history, Indology, culture, education, parliamentary and constitutional matters.
He is a life Member of the Indian Institute of Public Administration, New Delhi; Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, Mumbai and the India International Centre, New Delhi; President of the Vrindaban Research Institute, Vrindaban; Deputy Chairman of the Delhi Heritage Institute of Research and Management, New Delhi; Member, Central Advisory Board of Archaeology, Government of India; and Patron of the Sanskrit Society of India, New Delhi.
Presently, he is Secretary-General of Rajya Sabha (Council of States), the Upper House of Indian Parliament.
**Contents and Sample Pages**
Your email address will not be published *
Send as free online greeting card
Email a Friend