Subscribe for Newsletters and Discounts
Be the first to receive our thoughtfully written
religious articles and product discounts.
Your interests (Optional)
This will help us make recommendations and send discounts and sale information at times.
By registering, you may receive account related information, our email newsletters and product updates, no more than twice a month. Please read our Privacy Policy for details.
.
By subscribing, you will receive our email newsletters and product updates, no more than twice a month. All emails will be sent by Exotic India using the email address info@exoticindia.com.

Please read our Privacy Policy for details.
|6
Sign In  |  Sign up
Your Cart (0)
Best Deals
Share our website with your friends.
Email this page to a friend
Books > History > Modern > The Great Speeches of Modern India
Subscribe to our newsletter and discounts
The Great Speeches of Modern India
The Great Speeches of Modern India
Description
About The Book

The Great Speeches of Modern India tells the story of modern India through its speeches. Here are all the classics from Tilak, Gandhi, Nehru, Tagore, Ambedkar, L.K. Advani, Manmohan Singh, Indira Gandhi, and here are also some rare speeches-Satyajit Rayon cinema, Vikrarn Seth on his school days, and Godse's defence of his assassination of Gandhi. Stimulating, informative, and full of rare gems, this one stop book is a must on every bookshelf.

 

About The Author

Rudrangshu Mukherjee is a historian and journalist. Currently running the editorial pages of The Telegraph, he has held various academic posts and taught, among others, at Calcutta, Princeton, and Manchester universities. He is the author of four books on the revolt of 1857: Awadh in Revolt, 1857-58: A Study of Popular Resistance; Spectre of Violence: The Kanpur Massacres in the Revolt of 1857; Mangal Pandey: Brave Martyr or Accidental Hero; Dateline 1857: Revolt against the Raj. He is co-author of India: Then and Now and of New Delhi: The Making of a Capital and is the editor of The Penguin Gandhi Reader, Indian Persuasions: Essays from Seminar and co-editor of Remember Childhood' Essays in Honour of Andre Beteille. Rudrangshu Mukherjee lives in Calcutta.

 

Preface

The fact that this book is going in for a paperback edition is ample proof that people are interested in reading speeches. One reason for this is that the text of a speech helps to capture a slice of history even though the speech-making aspects are lost in the written word. For this edition, I have corrected a few errors that were brought to my notice. More importantly, I have added five more speeches to the original. Two out of the five that have been added are previously unpublished and I am deeply grateful to Aruna Roy and Mani Shankar Aiyar for allowing me to read these speeches and for the permission to print them.

 

Introduction

Speeches are meant to be spoken-and heard. For this reason, a speech is fundamentally different from other forms of written text, for it is not simply dependent on the words alone-though they are the vital components of a good speech-but on certain other skills to do with voice and even gesture. A good orator brings to a speech something more persuasive and moving than the power of the written word and these qualities often prove to be ephemeral, losing something of themselves in printed form. But there are certain speeches that retain their emotive charge. Think of Abraham Lincoln's Gettysburg address and those words-'government of the people, by the people and for the people'-which have become the most quoted definition of democracy. Or think of Winston Churchill's memorable speeches during the Second World War. At the time they were made, Churchill's speeches roused the British people and sustained their morale during their darkest hour. Even today, they make stirring reading and so many of the phrases and sentences that he used have become part of the English language. This book brings together some of the speeches made in India, from the end of the nineteenth century to the beginning of the twenty-first, which retain their power as written texts.

One reason these speeches speak to us across time and without the oratorical skills of their authors is that most of them were actually written up before they were delivered. There are exceptions, of course. Witness the speech that Jawaharlal Nehru made in the evening of January 30, 1948, immediately after Mahatma Gandhi's assassination. He was totally unprepared but his heart dictated the right words. It was one of the great impromptu speeches of modern Indian history. But for most of the speeches in this collection, the words were carefully chosen and the cadences of sentences measured to achieve maximum effect. The most famous example of this is another of Nehru's speeches, the one he made at midnight August 14-15, 1947. The phrase, 'tryst with destiny', which Nehru coined has earned for itself an undying quality.

There are some speeches, however, that have a charge not because of their language but because of the sheer enormity of the occasion on which they were made. The speech made in 1885 by W.C. Bonerjee, as the first president of the Indian National Congress on its opening session is enshrined in India's historical memory. Similarly, Indira Gandhi's short and severe announcement in June 1975-that India has been put under Emergency-is a speech that stands as a reminder of the only period in which democracy was suspended in independent India. In these cases the occasion made history; the speech is an expression of the making.

The finest speeches in this anthology marry style and context: they are beautiful and capture a mood or a moment of history. A good example is the statement Mahatma Gandhi made from the dock at his trial in 1923. It was a speech made in court and Gandhi did not allow his passion to overrun the restraint that the location naturally imposed on him. Even today the speech can be read as a perfect summary of Gandhi's creed of non-violence. But there are also a few speeches which have been included in the anthology simply because they read so well. I didn't have to include the final speech in this anthology-made by J.R.D. Tata on the occasion of his solo flight from Karachi to Bombay in 1982 but have done so because of its great charm, style and poignancy. Here is a sprightly seventy-eight year old admonishing the younger generation for being too preoccupied with their careers and hoping 'that when they are seventy-eight ... they will feel like I do, that despite all the difficulties, all the frustrations, there is a joy in having done something as well as you could and better than others thought you could.'

This book is split into two sections with August 15,1947, acting as the dividing line. 'The first part begins in the late nineteenth century and ends with India's independence. The second includes speeches made after independence right up to present times. Within these two broad divisions, the chronological sequence has been broken and the speeches have been arranged to enable a retelling of the history of modern India with the speeches as a convenient, if unusual, access to that story.

The first section recounts India's struggle for independence. The great turning point in this struggle was the establishment of the Indian National Congress, the political party that was at the forefront of the Indian national movement. The anthology, thus, opens with the inaugural speech of the INC. The journey towards freedom was marked by many such milestone speeches. One of the most memorable of these was the declaration made by Bal Gangadhar Tilak on behalf of all subject people: 'Swaraj is my birthright.' Tilak spoke as an old man to the youth of India at 5 time when the Swadeshi movement was failing and Extremists and Moderates in the Congress party had split. Tilak articulated the desire of all subjugated people and his words, imbued with rare power, transcended all factions.

One individual who had in his own unique way resolved the problems surrounding the cultural interaction between India and Europe, had been Gandhi. When asked what he thought of European civilization, he had retorted that it would be a very good idea. His vision of India was based on a complete rejection of all that was modern and therefore derived from the West. Perhaps it was fitting that he died soon after India attained independence since the free state of India turned its back on most of Gandhi's ideals while paying lip service to him as father of the nation. While Nehru made his 'tryst with destiny' speech, Gandhi, shunning the celebrations, fasted in a slum in east Calcutta. August 15, 1947, was not the tryst Gandhi had made with destiny. He was murdered by a Hindu fanatic, Nathuram Godse, who believed that India should become a powerful and modern state. Godse has become a pariah in Indian history. What this has obscured is the eloquent speech he had made as a condemned man at his trial. The second section of this book begins with Gandhi's death since it inaugurated, in many ways, a new era for India.

 

Contents

 

Introduction 1
Part One : 1880s-1947  
1. The opening of the Indian National Congress (1885) 14
2. One country, two nations (1888) 17
3. On the inauguration of the Muslim League (1906) 34
4. On conserving ancient monuments (1900) 40
5. Game preservation in India (1901) 54
6. Sisters and brothers of America (1893) 58
7. How and why I adopted the Hindu religion (1902) 61
8. At Benares Hindu University (1916) 65
9. Freedom is my birthright (1917) 74
10. The trial speech (1922) 78
11. The dangerous cult of absolute non-violence (1940) 85
12. Puma Swaraj (1929) 89
13. At the second Round Table Conference (1931) 108
14. The Muslims ofIndia (1930) 118
15. The death of God (1933) 144
16. Crisis of civilization (1941) 148
17. Give me blood and I promise you freedom! (1944) 156
18. The great Calcutta killings (1946) 160
19. Opening address to the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan (1947) 173
20. The dawn offreedom (1947) 179
21. Tryst with destiny (1947) 185
Part Two : 1947-2007  
22. The light has gone out (1948) 190
23. My father, do not rest (1948) 193
24. Why I killed Gandhi (1949) 198
25. Closing speech of the first Constituent Assembly ofIndia (1949) 206
26. Temples of the new age (1954) 223
27. Power (Calcutta, November 1954) 228
28. On the Five-Year Plans (1955) 239
29. The Hindu Code Bill (1955) 246
30. The Kashmir issue (1952) 256
31. Tibet (1959) 272
32. A myth (1968) 279
33. The presidential system (1968) 282
34. Importance of NGOs (1969) 288
35. I have come to serve you (1969) 303
36. Tragedy in Bangladesh (1971) 305
37. Proclamation of Emergency (1975) 311
38. Speech in the Lok Sabha on the President's address (1976) 314
39. The education of a filmmaker (1982) 321
40. Lowering the voting age to eighteen (1988) 346
41. Panchayati raj (1989) 353
42. Present economic situation (1991) 369
43. The future of Indo-US relations (1994) 376
44. Why Ayodhya is a setback (1992) 388
45. The fatwa (1993) 400
46. Survival and Right to Information (1996) 405
47. On Founder's Day (1992) 430
48. Doon School Founder's Day address (2007) 441
49. Our culture, their culture (1995) 449
50. Renunciation (2004) 470
51. On Jinnah (2005) 472
52. In Lahore (1999) 481
53. The viable university (2010) 485
54. Rekindling a spark of enthusiasm (1982) 497
Sources 501
Acknowledgements 502

Sample Pages

















The Great Speeches of Modern India

Item Code:
NAG961
Cover:
Paperback
Edition:
2014
Publisher:
ISBN:
9788184001808
Language:
English
Size:
7.5 inch X 5.0 inch
Pages:
518
Other Details:
Weight of the book: 400 gms
Price:
$30.00   Shipping Free
Add to Wishlist
Send as e-card
Send as free online greeting card
The Great Speeches of Modern India

Verify the characters on the left

From:
Edit     
You will be informed as and when your card is viewed. Please note that your card will be active in the system for 30 days.

Viewed 3960 times since 2nd Jun, 2016
About The Book

The Great Speeches of Modern India tells the story of modern India through its speeches. Here are all the classics from Tilak, Gandhi, Nehru, Tagore, Ambedkar, L.K. Advani, Manmohan Singh, Indira Gandhi, and here are also some rare speeches-Satyajit Rayon cinema, Vikrarn Seth on his school days, and Godse's defence of his assassination of Gandhi. Stimulating, informative, and full of rare gems, this one stop book is a must on every bookshelf.

 

About The Author

Rudrangshu Mukherjee is a historian and journalist. Currently running the editorial pages of The Telegraph, he has held various academic posts and taught, among others, at Calcutta, Princeton, and Manchester universities. He is the author of four books on the revolt of 1857: Awadh in Revolt, 1857-58: A Study of Popular Resistance; Spectre of Violence: The Kanpur Massacres in the Revolt of 1857; Mangal Pandey: Brave Martyr or Accidental Hero; Dateline 1857: Revolt against the Raj. He is co-author of India: Then and Now and of New Delhi: The Making of a Capital and is the editor of The Penguin Gandhi Reader, Indian Persuasions: Essays from Seminar and co-editor of Remember Childhood' Essays in Honour of Andre Beteille. Rudrangshu Mukherjee lives in Calcutta.

 

Preface

The fact that this book is going in for a paperback edition is ample proof that people are interested in reading speeches. One reason for this is that the text of a speech helps to capture a slice of history even though the speech-making aspects are lost in the written word. For this edition, I have corrected a few errors that were brought to my notice. More importantly, I have added five more speeches to the original. Two out of the five that have been added are previously unpublished and I am deeply grateful to Aruna Roy and Mani Shankar Aiyar for allowing me to read these speeches and for the permission to print them.

 

Introduction

Speeches are meant to be spoken-and heard. For this reason, a speech is fundamentally different from other forms of written text, for it is not simply dependent on the words alone-though they are the vital components of a good speech-but on certain other skills to do with voice and even gesture. A good orator brings to a speech something more persuasive and moving than the power of the written word and these qualities often prove to be ephemeral, losing something of themselves in printed form. But there are certain speeches that retain their emotive charge. Think of Abraham Lincoln's Gettysburg address and those words-'government of the people, by the people and for the people'-which have become the most quoted definition of democracy. Or think of Winston Churchill's memorable speeches during the Second World War. At the time they were made, Churchill's speeches roused the British people and sustained their morale during their darkest hour. Even today, they make stirring reading and so many of the phrases and sentences that he used have become part of the English language. This book brings together some of the speeches made in India, from the end of the nineteenth century to the beginning of the twenty-first, which retain their power as written texts.

One reason these speeches speak to us across time and without the oratorical skills of their authors is that most of them were actually written up before they were delivered. There are exceptions, of course. Witness the speech that Jawaharlal Nehru made in the evening of January 30, 1948, immediately after Mahatma Gandhi's assassination. He was totally unprepared but his heart dictated the right words. It was one of the great impromptu speeches of modern Indian history. But for most of the speeches in this collection, the words were carefully chosen and the cadences of sentences measured to achieve maximum effect. The most famous example of this is another of Nehru's speeches, the one he made at midnight August 14-15, 1947. The phrase, 'tryst with destiny', which Nehru coined has earned for itself an undying quality.

There are some speeches, however, that have a charge not because of their language but because of the sheer enormity of the occasion on which they were made. The speech made in 1885 by W.C. Bonerjee, as the first president of the Indian National Congress on its opening session is enshrined in India's historical memory. Similarly, Indira Gandhi's short and severe announcement in June 1975-that India has been put under Emergency-is a speech that stands as a reminder of the only period in which democracy was suspended in independent India. In these cases the occasion made history; the speech is an expression of the making.

The finest speeches in this anthology marry style and context: they are beautiful and capture a mood or a moment of history. A good example is the statement Mahatma Gandhi made from the dock at his trial in 1923. It was a speech made in court and Gandhi did not allow his passion to overrun the restraint that the location naturally imposed on him. Even today the speech can be read as a perfect summary of Gandhi's creed of non-violence. But there are also a few speeches which have been included in the anthology simply because they read so well. I didn't have to include the final speech in this anthology-made by J.R.D. Tata on the occasion of his solo flight from Karachi to Bombay in 1982 but have done so because of its great charm, style and poignancy. Here is a sprightly seventy-eight year old admonishing the younger generation for being too preoccupied with their careers and hoping 'that when they are seventy-eight ... they will feel like I do, that despite all the difficulties, all the frustrations, there is a joy in having done something as well as you could and better than others thought you could.'

This book is split into two sections with August 15,1947, acting as the dividing line. 'The first part begins in the late nineteenth century and ends with India's independence. The second includes speeches made after independence right up to present times. Within these two broad divisions, the chronological sequence has been broken and the speeches have been arranged to enable a retelling of the history of modern India with the speeches as a convenient, if unusual, access to that story.

The first section recounts India's struggle for independence. The great turning point in this struggle was the establishment of the Indian National Congress, the political party that was at the forefront of the Indian national movement. The anthology, thus, opens with the inaugural speech of the INC. The journey towards freedom was marked by many such milestone speeches. One of the most memorable of these was the declaration made by Bal Gangadhar Tilak on behalf of all subject people: 'Swaraj is my birthright.' Tilak spoke as an old man to the youth of India at 5 time when the Swadeshi movement was failing and Extremists and Moderates in the Congress party had split. Tilak articulated the desire of all subjugated people and his words, imbued with rare power, transcended all factions.

One individual who had in his own unique way resolved the problems surrounding the cultural interaction between India and Europe, had been Gandhi. When asked what he thought of European civilization, he had retorted that it would be a very good idea. His vision of India was based on a complete rejection of all that was modern and therefore derived from the West. Perhaps it was fitting that he died soon after India attained independence since the free state of India turned its back on most of Gandhi's ideals while paying lip service to him as father of the nation. While Nehru made his 'tryst with destiny' speech, Gandhi, shunning the celebrations, fasted in a slum in east Calcutta. August 15, 1947, was not the tryst Gandhi had made with destiny. He was murdered by a Hindu fanatic, Nathuram Godse, who believed that India should become a powerful and modern state. Godse has become a pariah in Indian history. What this has obscured is the eloquent speech he had made as a condemned man at his trial. The second section of this book begins with Gandhi's death since it inaugurated, in many ways, a new era for India.

 

Contents

 

Introduction 1
Part One : 1880s-1947  
1. The opening of the Indian National Congress (1885) 14
2. One country, two nations (1888) 17
3. On the inauguration of the Muslim League (1906) 34
4. On conserving ancient monuments (1900) 40
5. Game preservation in India (1901) 54
6. Sisters and brothers of America (1893) 58
7. How and why I adopted the Hindu religion (1902) 61
8. At Benares Hindu University (1916) 65
9. Freedom is my birthright (1917) 74
10. The trial speech (1922) 78
11. The dangerous cult of absolute non-violence (1940) 85
12. Puma Swaraj (1929) 89
13. At the second Round Table Conference (1931) 108
14. The Muslims ofIndia (1930) 118
15. The death of God (1933) 144
16. Crisis of civilization (1941) 148
17. Give me blood and I promise you freedom! (1944) 156
18. The great Calcutta killings (1946) 160
19. Opening address to the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan (1947) 173
20. The dawn offreedom (1947) 179
21. Tryst with destiny (1947) 185
Part Two : 1947-2007  
22. The light has gone out (1948) 190
23. My father, do not rest (1948) 193
24. Why I killed Gandhi (1949) 198
25. Closing speech of the first Constituent Assembly ofIndia (1949) 206
26. Temples of the new age (1954) 223
27. Power (Calcutta, November 1954) 228
28. On the Five-Year Plans (1955) 239
29. The Hindu Code Bill (1955) 246
30. The Kashmir issue (1952) 256
31. Tibet (1959) 272
32. A myth (1968) 279
33. The presidential system (1968) 282
34. Importance of NGOs (1969) 288
35. I have come to serve you (1969) 303
36. Tragedy in Bangladesh (1971) 305
37. Proclamation of Emergency (1975) 311
38. Speech in the Lok Sabha on the President's address (1976) 314
39. The education of a filmmaker (1982) 321
40. Lowering the voting age to eighteen (1988) 346
41. Panchayati raj (1989) 353
42. Present economic situation (1991) 369
43. The future of Indo-US relations (1994) 376
44. Why Ayodhya is a setback (1992) 388
45. The fatwa (1993) 400
46. Survival and Right to Information (1996) 405
47. On Founder's Day (1992) 430
48. Doon School Founder's Day address (2007) 441
49. Our culture, their culture (1995) 449
50. Renunciation (2004) 470
51. On Jinnah (2005) 472
52. In Lahore (1999) 481
53. The viable university (2010) 485
54. Rekindling a spark of enthusiasm (1982) 497
Sources 501
Acknowledgements 502

Sample Pages

















Post a Comment
 
Post Review
Post a Query
For privacy concerns, please view our Privacy Policy
Based on your browsing history
Loading... Please wait

Items Related to The Great Speeches of Modern India (History | Books)

Gandhi Patel (Letters and Speeches Differences Within Consensus)
by Neerja Singh
Paperback (Edition: 2009)
National Book Trust
Item Code: NAJ820
$18.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Bhagat Singh: Select Speeches and Writings
by D.N. Gupta
Paperback (Edition: 2007)
National Book Trust
Item Code: NAE398
$12.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Legends in Law (Our Great Forebears)
Item Code: NAG358
$35.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
A Touch of Greatness (Encounters With The Eminent)
Deal 20% Off
by R. M. Lala
Paperback (Edition: 2011)
Rupa Publication Pvt. Ltd.
Item Code: NAD395
$16.50$13.20
You save: $3.30 (20%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
The Great Indian Mind
by Francis Fanthome
Paperback (Edition: 2005)
Oxford University,India
Item Code: IDH149
$12.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
The Cultural Heritage of India (Set of 9 Volumes)
Item Code: NAF605
$450.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Words of Freedom Ideas of A Nation (Rajendra Prasad)
by Rajendra Prasad
Paperback (Edition: 2010)
Penguin Books India
Item Code: IHL379
$10.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
The History and Culture of the Indian People (Set of XI Volumes)
by R.C. Majumdar
Hardcover (Edition: 2010)
Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan
Item Code: NAJ001
$415.00
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Testimonials
I received the package today... Wonderfully wrapped and packaged (beautiful statue)! Please thank all involved for everything they do! I deeply appreciate everyone's efforts!
Frances, USA
I have always been delighted with your excellent service and variety of items.
James, USA
I've been happy with prior purchases from this site!
Priya, USA
Thank you. You are providing an excellent and unique service.
Thiru, UK
Thank You very much for this wonderful opportunity for helping people to acquire the spiritual treasures of Hinduism at such an affordable price.
Ramakrishna, Australia
I really LOVE you! Wonderful selections, prices and service. Thank you!
Tina, USA
This is to inform you that the shipment of my order has arrived in perfect condition. The actual shipment took only less than two weeks, which is quite good seen the circumstances. I waited with my response until now since the Buddha statue was a present that I handed over just recently. The Medicine Buddha was meant for a lady who is active in the healing business and the statue was just the right thing for her. I downloaded the respective mantras and chants so that she can work with the benefits of the spiritual meanings of the statue and the mantras. She is really delighted and immediately fell in love with the beautiful statue. I am most grateful to you for having provided this wonderful work of art. We both have a strong relationship with Buddhism and know to appreciate the valuable spiritual power of this way of thinking. So thank you very much again and I am sure that I will come back again.
Bernd, Spain
You have the best selection of Hindu religous art and books and excellent service.i AM THANKFUL FOR BOTH.
Michael, USA
I am very happy with your service, and have now added a web page recommending you for those interested in Vedic astrology books: https://www.learnastrologyfree.com/vedicbooks.htm Many blessings to you.
Hank, USA
As usual I love your merchandise!!!
Anthea, USA
Language:
Currency:
All rights reserved. Copyright 2019 © Exotic India