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Books > Ayurveda > Ayurveda > Hepatopathy A Study on Liver Disorders
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Hepatopathy A Study on Liver Disorders
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Hepatopathy A Study on Liver Disorders
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Back of the Book

All the functions of liver are very much related to healthy life. In modern science, the liver is given prime importance, just like the heart in relation to emotions, etc. thus, the diseased conditions of this organ always attract the attention of medical science.

The authors have made a successful attempt to correlate the available references to liver disorders in ayurvedic literature to the modern concepts. This comparative approach is followed in clinical methods also.

 

Preface

Arya Vaidya Sala has been conducting annual ayurvedic seminars in connection with the Founder’s Day Celebrations since 1994 and All India Essay Competitions since 1965. The proceedings of seminars and prize winning essays are being published regularly. They cover a wide range of topics and have become a veritable source of information to the students and researchers in the field of ayurveda. Hepatopathy was the topic for essay competition in 2005.

All the functions of liver are very much related to healthy life. In modern science, the liver is given prime importance, just like the heart in relation to emotions, etc. thus, the diseased conditions of this organ always attract the attention of medical science.

The authors have made a successful attempt to correlate the available references to liver disorders in ayurvedic literature to the modern concepts. This comparative approach is followed in clinical methods also.

This essay, ranked first in the competition, deals with all the aspects of hepatopathy. Hope that this will be useful for students and scholars alike

Introduction

Liver is the largest organ in the body. It is very much important in carrying out different functions related to metabolic process, haemopoietic process, immunological functions, etc. Functional strength of liver cells is upto such extent that even after 80% of their destruction, they can regenerate and maintain their proper functioning. All the functions of liver are very much related to healthy life. In various literatures, liver is given prime importance in relation to emotions, just after the heart. The diseased condition of this organ, thus, always attracts the attention of medical science.

Hepatopathy is the term used to denote a group of disorders associated with liver. In modern references we can find various disorders, such as hepatitis, alcoholic liver disease, cirrhosis, various disorders related to biliary system as cholelithiasis, cholecystitis, etc., under hepatopathy. In all these disorders, there is structural involvement of liver and biliary system, which further leads to their functional impairment.

If we go through the classification of disorders in modern texts, we can see most of them are based on anatomical considerations. Body is divided into various anatomical systems. The diseases related to such systems are grouped together and are classified as diseases related to that system or organ. Hepatopathy is also one of such classification. But if we go through ayurvedic texts we cannot find such classification.

There is no description of liver disorders as a separate entity in ayurvedic classics. Even the description about liver is also very little. There is no proper description about the anatomy of liver, gall bladder. Still we can’t say that our Acaryas have ignored this major organ of the body or they were unaware of it, because liver in ayurvedic texts also, is given more importance in connection with metabolic functions. Liver is said to be the seat of pitta. All the functions of pitta, especially ranjakapitta are attributed to liver. Again liver and spleen are considered as the root of raktavahasrotas. So liver is very much important in al diseases concerned with raktavaha and pittavaha srotas. In ayurvedic texts, physiologically, we can say liver is given as much importance as in modern texts.

Possible reasons for not describing the yakrdroga as a separate group of disorders may be:

i. most of the ayurvedic classification of diseases is based on symptoms.

ii. in pathogenesis more importance is given to the physiology than structure involved.

Hence we can see in classical texts the description of diseases like pandu, kamala, udara, but we cannot find their direct relation with yakrt.

Thus in this essay we are trying to explore the disorders related to liver and biliary system from modern as well as ayurvedic points of view.

 

 

Contents

 

  Preface 5
1 Introduction 7
2 Liver - The Modern Concept 9
3 Yakrt - Ayurvedic View 20
4 Modern Methods of Examination 29
5 Ayurvedic Methods of Examination 34
6 General Investigations in Hepatopathy 38
7 Modern Concept of Hepatopathy 51
8 Acute Hepatitis 58
9 Chronic Hepatitis 68
10 Auto-immune Hepatitis 72
11 Alcoholic Liver Disease 75
12 Portal Hypertension 79
13 Liver Cirrhosis 84
14 Toxic and Drug induced Hepatitis 93
15 Parastic and other Cysts of Liver 97
16 Neoplasms of the Liver 100
17 Hepatic Abcesses 105
18 Miscellenous Considerations 108
19 Biliary System 113
20 Kamala - Ayurvedic concept 132
21 Samprapti of kamala 139
22 Treatment of kamala 148
23 Udararoga 155
24 Yakrdroga 159
25 Raktapitta 162
26 Pandu 166
27 Yakrdvidradhi 170
28 Hepatic Tumours - Ayurvedic Concept 173
29 Madatyaya and yakrdvyadhi 178
30 Pittasmari 180
31 Differential diagnosis in yakrdroga 182
32 Miscellenous Considerations 187
33 Sadhyasadhya and arista in yakrdroga 193
34 Ayurvedic research drugs in Hepatopathy 201
35 Discussion, Summary and Conclusion 204
  Appendix  
I Ayurvedic Research Drugs 210
II Bibliography 216
III Abbreviations 218
IV The Authors 219

 

Sample Pages

















Hepatopathy A Study on Liver Disorders

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Back of the Book

All the functions of liver are very much related to healthy life. In modern science, the liver is given prime importance, just like the heart in relation to emotions, etc. thus, the diseased conditions of this organ always attract the attention of medical science.

The authors have made a successful attempt to correlate the available references to liver disorders in ayurvedic literature to the modern concepts. This comparative approach is followed in clinical methods also.

 

Preface

Arya Vaidya Sala has been conducting annual ayurvedic seminars in connection with the Founder’s Day Celebrations since 1994 and All India Essay Competitions since 1965. The proceedings of seminars and prize winning essays are being published regularly. They cover a wide range of topics and have become a veritable source of information to the students and researchers in the field of ayurveda. Hepatopathy was the topic for essay competition in 2005.

All the functions of liver are very much related to healthy life. In modern science, the liver is given prime importance, just like the heart in relation to emotions, etc. thus, the diseased conditions of this organ always attract the attention of medical science.

The authors have made a successful attempt to correlate the available references to liver disorders in ayurvedic literature to the modern concepts. This comparative approach is followed in clinical methods also.

This essay, ranked first in the competition, deals with all the aspects of hepatopathy. Hope that this will be useful for students and scholars alike

Introduction

Liver is the largest organ in the body. It is very much important in carrying out different functions related to metabolic process, haemopoietic process, immunological functions, etc. Functional strength of liver cells is upto such extent that even after 80% of their destruction, they can regenerate and maintain their proper functioning. All the functions of liver are very much related to healthy life. In various literatures, liver is given prime importance in relation to emotions, just after the heart. The diseased condition of this organ, thus, always attracts the attention of medical science.

Hepatopathy is the term used to denote a group of disorders associated with liver. In modern references we can find various disorders, such as hepatitis, alcoholic liver disease, cirrhosis, various disorders related to biliary system as cholelithiasis, cholecystitis, etc., under hepatopathy. In all these disorders, there is structural involvement of liver and biliary system, which further leads to their functional impairment.

If we go through the classification of disorders in modern texts, we can see most of them are based on anatomical considerations. Body is divided into various anatomical systems. The diseases related to such systems are grouped together and are classified as diseases related to that system or organ. Hepatopathy is also one of such classification. But if we go through ayurvedic texts we cannot find such classification.

There is no description of liver disorders as a separate entity in ayurvedic classics. Even the description about liver is also very little. There is no proper description about the anatomy of liver, gall bladder. Still we can’t say that our Acaryas have ignored this major organ of the body or they were unaware of it, because liver in ayurvedic texts also, is given more importance in connection with metabolic functions. Liver is said to be the seat of pitta. All the functions of pitta, especially ranjakapitta are attributed to liver. Again liver and spleen are considered as the root of raktavahasrotas. So liver is very much important in al diseases concerned with raktavaha and pittavaha srotas. In ayurvedic texts, physiologically, we can say liver is given as much importance as in modern texts.

Possible reasons for not describing the yakrdroga as a separate group of disorders may be:

i. most of the ayurvedic classification of diseases is based on symptoms.

ii. in pathogenesis more importance is given to the physiology than structure involved.

Hence we can see in classical texts the description of diseases like pandu, kamala, udara, but we cannot find their direct relation with yakrt.

Thus in this essay we are trying to explore the disorders related to liver and biliary system from modern as well as ayurvedic points of view.

 

 

Contents

 

  Preface 5
1 Introduction 7
2 Liver - The Modern Concept 9
3 Yakrt - Ayurvedic View 20
4 Modern Methods of Examination 29
5 Ayurvedic Methods of Examination 34
6 General Investigations in Hepatopathy 38
7 Modern Concept of Hepatopathy 51
8 Acute Hepatitis 58
9 Chronic Hepatitis 68
10 Auto-immune Hepatitis 72
11 Alcoholic Liver Disease 75
12 Portal Hypertension 79
13 Liver Cirrhosis 84
14 Toxic and Drug induced Hepatitis 93
15 Parastic and other Cysts of Liver 97
16 Neoplasms of the Liver 100
17 Hepatic Abcesses 105
18 Miscellenous Considerations 108
19 Biliary System 113
20 Kamala - Ayurvedic concept 132
21 Samprapti of kamala 139
22 Treatment of kamala 148
23 Udararoga 155
24 Yakrdroga 159
25 Raktapitta 162
26 Pandu 166
27 Yakrdvidradhi 170
28 Hepatic Tumours - Ayurvedic Concept 173
29 Madatyaya and yakrdvyadhi 178
30 Pittasmari 180
31 Differential diagnosis in yakrdroga 182
32 Miscellenous Considerations 187
33 Sadhyasadhya and arista in yakrdroga 193
34 Ayurvedic research drugs in Hepatopathy 201
35 Discussion, Summary and Conclusion 204
  Appendix  
I Ayurvedic Research Drugs 210
II Bibliography 216
III Abbreviations 218
IV The Authors 219

 

Sample Pages

















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