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Books > Hindu > Art > The Hindu Temple (Set of 2 Vol.)
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The Hindu Temple  (Set of 2 Vol.)
The Hindu Temple (Set of 2 Vol.)
Description

From the Jacket

This two-volume work explains in detail the religious and spiritual significance of the temple by means of copious references to Sanskrit texts-both sacred and scientific. It depicts the Hindu Temple as not merely a heap of brick, stone or wood but a visible symbol of aspirations of pious men and women, the throbbings of their hearts in religious fervor and their endeavor for the attainment of salvation.

The first four parts of the work are devoted to the philosophy of temple architecture. Part V deals with the origin and development of the temple from the Vedic fire altars to the latest forms. Part VI discusses the pyramidal and curvilinear superstructures in the main varieties of the Sikhara, the Sikhara enmeshed in Gavaksas and the composite Sikhara. Part VII describes the proportional measurements and the rhythmic disposition of the garbha-grha and the vertical section. It discusses the proportions of the Mandapa and the types of temples described in ancient Sanskrit texts like the Brhatsamhita and the Samarangana-sutradhara.

This most comprehensive and authoritative treatise of ancient Indian Temple Architecture will prove of immense help to the students of ancient Indian culture.

About the Author

Stella Kramrisch, the world-renowned specialist in Ancient Indian Art and Architecture, needs no introduction. Her epoch-making works-The Indian Sculpture, The Indian Sculpture in the Boston Museum and The Hindu Temple - have elicited the well-merited praise from the galaxy of art critics all over the world.

Stella Kramrisch passed away in 1993.

Preface

An attempt has here been made to set up the Hindu temple conceptually from the foundation to its finial. Its structure is rooted in Vedic tradition and primeval modes of building have contributed their shapes. The principles are given in the sacred books of India and the structural rules in the treatises on architecture. They are carried out in the shrines which still and throughout the country and which were built in many varieties and style over a millennium and a half from the fifth century A.D.

The purpose of the Hindu temple is shown by its form. It is the concrete symbol of Reintegration and coheres with the rhythm of the thought images in its carvings and laid out in its propositions. Their perfection is a celebration of all the rites enacted during the building of the temple from the ground to its pinnacle. Nothing that is seen on the temple is left unsaid in the verbal tradition nor is any of the detail arbitrary or superfluous. Each has a definite place and is part of the whole.

The Hindu Temple is the sum total of architectural rites performed on the basis of its myth. The myth covers the ground and is the plan on which the structure is raised.

Contents

Volume I
Part I. The Site 1
Tirtha and temple 3
Site and Builder 7
The Stability of the site 12
Purification Insemination and leveling of the site 14
Part IIThe Plan 19
Square and circle Vedic Origins 22
The Square Mandala of the earth and of the ecliptic 29
Symbolism of the Square 40
The Enclosure 40
The Ornament of Visvakarman 40
The Remainder 44
The form of Martanda 44
Vastu the Remainder 45
The two main types of the Vastu Daigram 46
A. The Mandala of 64 Squares 46
B. The Mandala of 81 Squares and the Vastupurusa 49
The Organism of the plan 51
The Series of 32 types of Vastumandala 58
Various closed polygons as shapes of the vastumandala 62
Part IIIPlan and Supernal Man 65
Agni Prajapati and vastupurusa 68
The Subtle body of the purusa and its pictures 71
The Descent of the Vastupurusa 73
Nature and Name of the Vastupurusa 79
The Gods as constituents of the body of the Vastupurusa 85
Part IVThe Substances of which the temple is built 99
Brick 101
Stone 108
wood 116
Plaster 121
The Germ of the temple 126
Part VNames and origins of the temple 129
The Names 131
Vimana 131
Prasada 134
Further names of the Temple 137
The Object in building a temple 139
Architectural Origins 145
1. Citi the Altar 145
2. The Dolmen 150
3. The Shed of Initiation and the Tabernacle 156
The Image of the mountain and the cavern 161
A. The Garbhagrha 161
B. The Superposition of Shapes along the vertical axis 166
C. The Form of the vertical axis 175
Part VI The Superstructure 177
I. The Pyramidal Superstructure 179
I A. The Pyramidal Superstructure formed of slabs 189
I A1. The stepped truck of the pyramid 189
I A2. The Straight Trunk with round edged slabs 190
I B. The Pyramidal Superstructure composed of storreys 193
I B1. The Stepped trunk of the pyramid formed of single storeys 193
I B2. The High Temple 194
I B3. The Enclosure of chapels 197
II The Curvilinear Superstructure 205
The Main Varieties of the Curvilinear Superstructure 210
II A. The Cluster of Sikharas 210
II B. The Sikhara Enmeshed in Gavaksas 214
II C. The composite Sikhara 218
Function and form of the Superstructure 220
Part VII Proportionate Measurement and Varieties of the Temple 225
I. Proportionate Measurement of the temple 227
The Rhythmic disposition of the ground plan and of the vertical section 227
The Norms of Proportionate Measurement 237
From the Sixth Century to C. 900 A.D 237
Proportionate Measurement about 1000 A.D. 244
Proportions of the Mandapa 254
The Proportions of south Indian Temples 261
II.Varieties of the Temple and their genesis 271
A. The Twenty Temples 271
B. The five Vimanas and the 45 temples 277
C. the five Vimanas and the 64 Hall temples Nagara Dravida and Vesara 286
Volume II
Part VIIIThe Images of the temple 297
Position and proportion of the images of the gods 299
Symbols of Entry and exit 313
The Door and its images 313
The Window Gavaksa 318
The face of glory Kirittimukha 322
Images of Sakti 332
Sardula Lion and lioness 332
The female power 338
Symbols of Reintegration 343
The Images of Immanent Breath 343
Mithuna the state of being a couple 346
Amalaka 348
The Temple as Purusa 357
Explanation of plates 363
Appendix
The Hundred and one temples of the Visnudharmottara 411
Vastupurusavidhana of Narada chapters VIII and X 427
Hayasirsapancaratra Chapter XIII 429
Kamikagama Chapter XLIX 431
Sources 437
Index 443
Plates I-LXXX 467

The Hindu Temple (Set of 2 Vol.)

Item Code:
IDD326
Cover:
Hardcover
Edition:
2015
ISBN:
9788120802223
Language:
English
Size:
11.5" X 9"
Pages:
557 (B&W.illus.: 102)
Other Details:
Weight of the Book: 2.540 Kg
Price:
$125.00   Shipping Free - 4 to 6 days
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From the Jacket

This two-volume work explains in detail the religious and spiritual significance of the temple by means of copious references to Sanskrit texts-both sacred and scientific. It depicts the Hindu Temple as not merely a heap of brick, stone or wood but a visible symbol of aspirations of pious men and women, the throbbings of their hearts in religious fervor and their endeavor for the attainment of salvation.

The first four parts of the work are devoted to the philosophy of temple architecture. Part V deals with the origin and development of the temple from the Vedic fire altars to the latest forms. Part VI discusses the pyramidal and curvilinear superstructures in the main varieties of the Sikhara, the Sikhara enmeshed in Gavaksas and the composite Sikhara. Part VII describes the proportional measurements and the rhythmic disposition of the garbha-grha and the vertical section. It discusses the proportions of the Mandapa and the types of temples described in ancient Sanskrit texts like the Brhatsamhita and the Samarangana-sutradhara.

This most comprehensive and authoritative treatise of ancient Indian Temple Architecture will prove of immense help to the students of ancient Indian culture.

About the Author

Stella Kramrisch, the world-renowned specialist in Ancient Indian Art and Architecture, needs no introduction. Her epoch-making works-The Indian Sculpture, The Indian Sculpture in the Boston Museum and The Hindu Temple - have elicited the well-merited praise from the galaxy of art critics all over the world.

Stella Kramrisch passed away in 1993.

Preface

An attempt has here been made to set up the Hindu temple conceptually from the foundation to its finial. Its structure is rooted in Vedic tradition and primeval modes of building have contributed their shapes. The principles are given in the sacred books of India and the structural rules in the treatises on architecture. They are carried out in the shrines which still and throughout the country and which were built in many varieties and style over a millennium and a half from the fifth century A.D.

The purpose of the Hindu temple is shown by its form. It is the concrete symbol of Reintegration and coheres with the rhythm of the thought images in its carvings and laid out in its propositions. Their perfection is a celebration of all the rites enacted during the building of the temple from the ground to its pinnacle. Nothing that is seen on the temple is left unsaid in the verbal tradition nor is any of the detail arbitrary or superfluous. Each has a definite place and is part of the whole.

The Hindu Temple is the sum total of architectural rites performed on the basis of its myth. The myth covers the ground and is the plan on which the structure is raised.

Contents

Volume I
Part I. The Site 1
Tirtha and temple 3
Site and Builder 7
The Stability of the site 12
Purification Insemination and leveling of the site 14
Part IIThe Plan 19
Square and circle Vedic Origins 22
The Square Mandala of the earth and of the ecliptic 29
Symbolism of the Square 40
The Enclosure 40
The Ornament of Visvakarman 40
The Remainder 44
The form of Martanda 44
Vastu the Remainder 45
The two main types of the Vastu Daigram 46
A. The Mandala of 64 Squares 46
B. The Mandala of 81 Squares and the Vastupurusa 49
The Organism of the plan 51
The Series of 32 types of Vastumandala 58
Various closed polygons as shapes of the vastumandala 62
Part IIIPlan and Supernal Man 65
Agni Prajapati and vastupurusa 68
The Subtle body of the purusa and its pictures 71
The Descent of the Vastupurusa 73
Nature and Name of the Vastupurusa 79
The Gods as constituents of the body of the Vastupurusa 85
Part IVThe Substances of which the temple is built 99
Brick 101
Stone 108
wood 116
Plaster 121
The Germ of the temple 126
Part VNames and origins of the temple 129
The Names 131
Vimana 131
Prasada 134
Further names of the Temple 137
The Object in building a temple 139
Architectural Origins 145
1. Citi the Altar 145
2. The Dolmen 150
3. The Shed of Initiation and the Tabernacle 156
The Image of the mountain and the cavern 161
A. The Garbhagrha 161
B. The Superposition of Shapes along the vertical axis 166
C. The Form of the vertical axis 175
Part VI The Superstructure 177
I. The Pyramidal Superstructure 179
I A. The Pyramidal Superstructure formed of slabs 189
I A1. The stepped truck of the pyramid 189
I A2. The Straight Trunk with round edged slabs 190
I B. The Pyramidal Superstructure composed of storreys 193
I B1. The Stepped trunk of the pyramid formed of single storeys 193
I B2. The High Temple 194
I B3. The Enclosure of chapels 197
II The Curvilinear Superstructure 205
The Main Varieties of the Curvilinear Superstructure 210
II A. The Cluster of Sikharas 210
II B. The Sikhara Enmeshed in Gavaksas 214
II C. The composite Sikhara 218
Function and form of the Superstructure 220
Part VII Proportionate Measurement and Varieties of the Temple 225
I. Proportionate Measurement of the temple 227
The Rhythmic disposition of the ground plan and of the vertical section 227
The Norms of Proportionate Measurement 237
From the Sixth Century to C. 900 A.D 237
Proportionate Measurement about 1000 A.D. 244
Proportions of the Mandapa 254
The Proportions of south Indian Temples 261
II.Varieties of the Temple and their genesis 271
A. The Twenty Temples 271
B. The five Vimanas and the 45 temples 277
C. the five Vimanas and the 64 Hall temples Nagara Dravida and Vesara 286
Volume II
Part VIIIThe Images of the temple 297
Position and proportion of the images of the gods 299
Symbols of Entry and exit 313
The Door and its images 313
The Window Gavaksa 318
The face of glory Kirittimukha 322
Images of Sakti 332
Sardula Lion and lioness 332
The female power 338
Symbols of Reintegration 343
The Images of Immanent Breath 343
Mithuna the state of being a couple 346
Amalaka 348
The Temple as Purusa 357
Explanation of plates 363
Appendix
The Hundred and one temples of the Visnudharmottara 411
Vastupurusavidhana of Narada chapters VIII and X 427
Hayasirsapancaratra Chapter XIII 429
Kamikagama Chapter XLIX 431
Sources 437
Index 443
Plates I-LXXX 467
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