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Books > Hindu > Kanvasatapathabrahmanam - 6 Volumes
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Kanvasatapathabrahmanam - 6 Volumes
Kanvasatapathabrahmanam - 6 Volumes
Description
About the Book:

It is or the first time that a complete critical edition of the Satapaha Brahmana of the Kanva school of the Sukla Yajurveda alongwith its English translation is published. This edition has taken into account the reading available in a few more manuscript, besides those in the published edition in Telgu script, which were not available to Prof. Caland who brought out a critical edition of its first seven Kandas. It is also the first attempt at providing a complete English translation. No Doubt the texts of Satapatha of the Madhyandina and Kanva school do not differ much from Kandas VIII to XVI and Prof. Eggeling's translation of the former is available. Still a fresh attempt at translating the latter portion was felt necessary as result of detailed discussions with traditional scholars who are actively engaged in Srauta sacrificial performances.

Textual Notes to Substanitiate the choice of particular reading; a section under the heading Vimarsa discussing certain selected topics arising out of a study of the text; an exhaustive list of contents, Brahmana-wise and glossary of technical terms are some of the additional features of this attempt. The suggestions and guidance of traditional scholars who are experts in Srautayagas are the most important advantages of this edition.

About the Editor:

He was hailing from an orthodox aristrocratic family of palghat Kerala did his M.A. in Sanskrit in 1950; Ph. D from Delhi University; and Achrya from Darbhanga Sanskrit University.

He worked as Libarian in the Oriential Manuscript Library, Madras. He joined Government of India in 1961 as a Lecturer in Sanskrit. For a brief spel of two years he was on deputation to His Majesty's Government of Nepal as Curator, National Archives, Nepal. He retired as Deputy Educational Advisor in 1985. After his retirement he worked as Consultant in IGNCA for four Years.

As Deputy Educational Advisor, he was instrumental in initiating Adarsh Sanskrit Mahavidyalaya Scheme; reprinting of out of print Sanskrit works; special incentives for preservation of the oral tradition of Vedicstudies; and establishment of Rastriya Veda Vidya Pratishthana- an Autonomous Trust, of the Government of India, also in Starting a number of Veda Pathashalas in various parts of the country.

Besides several articles and Sanskrit Poetic compostitions, he has quite a few publications to his credit in English and Sanskrit including his Sanskrit Dissertation on A Comparative Study of Gita Bhasyas published by the Sahitya Parishad, Lucknow which is widely acclaimed as an excellent piece of critical scholarship.

CONTENTS

VOLUME I

Foreword v
Abbreviations xiii
Introduction xv
EKAPATKANDA
CHAPTER ONE 2-27
Brahmana I Sambhara Brakmana-preparations to be made for adhana or establishment of sacrificial fires. 2
Brahmana II Naksatra Brahmana-auspicious stars for performing Adhana 6
Brahmana III Rtu Brahmana-seasons in which adhana is to be done 12
Brahmana IV Upavasatha-rules to be observed on the day previous to adhana 16
CHAPTER TWO 28-55
Brahmana I Purnahuti offering and pavamanesti at the completion of adhana 28
Brahmana II Details of daksina to be offered at the adhana; transferring of the kinded fires into oneself; observance of truthtfulness by an Ahitagni 34
Brahmana III Punaradhana-reviving the fires externally; agneyesti and daksina for punaradhana. 40
Brahmana IV Agnihotra-description of the oblations and the deities. 48
CHAPTER THREE 56-85
Brahmana I Agnihotra-importance of Sun ; timing of offering ; milking of cow and preparation of the milk oblation. 56
Brahmana II Agrayanesti-its details and importance before freshly harvested grains are used for Agnihotra or for eating 66
Brahmana III Pindapitryajna-in the afternoon of the new-moon days where rice-balls are offered to father, grandfather and great grandfather 70
Brahmana IV Daksayanayajna-also known as Vasistha-Yajna to be performed on full-moon and new-moon days and offering of Vajina 76
CHAPTER FOUR 86-100
Brahmana I Agnihotra-upasthana or worshipping of Agni in the evening; importance of cow; worshipping of Garhapatya and Ahavaniya. 86
Brahmana II Agnihotra continued-worshipping of the fires when one goes on a voyage and when one comes back after a voyage. 96
Brahmana III Caturmasya Yaga-(a) Vaisuadeva parvan and its importance. 100
CHAPTER FIVE 110-135
Brahmana I Caturmasya Yaga-(b) Varunapraghasaparvan to be performed with two vedis. 110
Brahmana II Caturmasya Yaga-© Sakhamedha Parvan- to be done in two days. 124
Brahmana III Mahahavisesti 130
CHAPTER SIX 136-163
Brahmana I Pitryajna-to propitiate three types of ancestors namely Somavantah; Barhisadah and Agnisvattah 136
Brahmana II Tryambakesti-to be performed at a road junction at the north of the residence 148
Brahmana III Caturmasya Yaga-(d) Sunasirtya Parvan-Propitiating Vayu and Surya optionally performed with Soma Juice 154
Brahmana IV Caturmasya Yaga- the importance and singnificanceof all the four parvan 158
Pathavimarsa 165
VOLUME II
Foreword v
Abbreviations xv
Introduction xvii
HAVIRYAJNAKANDA
CHAPTER ONE 2-33
Brahmana I Vrata or vows to be observed by the Yajamana; preparation of pranita-waters; enclosing the altars, preparatory actions to make havis 2
Brahmana II Making the pavitra sprinkling waters to purify the utensils and havis 8
Brahmana III Importance of the skin of black antelope to Yajamana and preparatory actions to make purodasa 14
Brahmana IV Keeping ready the kapalas or potsherds for the purodasa; pounding of grains after placing a samya or yoke-pin below the grinding stones. 24
CHAPTER TWO 34-65
Brahmana I Cooking of purodasa, importance of daksina and significance of rice, wheat etc for purodasa 34
Brahmana II Making the vedi and importance of sphya, stamba, yajus or bunch of consecrated kusa grass-its role in warding off evil spirits 42
Brahmana III Story of Vamana incarnation of Visnu and its link with the ground for vedi; measurement of vedi, cleaning and enclosing the vedi. 48
Brahmana IV Purifying the oblations and ladles; leading the wife to look into a vessel of ghee 56
CHAPTER THREE 66-95
Brahmana I Sacrifice identified with human being; number of times the ladles, juhu and dhruva are to be filled with ghee 66
Brahmana II Sprinkling of the fuel enclosures and vedi; significance of paridhi or enclosing sticks and placement of ladles around the vedi 70
Brahmana III Samidheni chants and their significance 80
Brahmana IV Himkara in the Samidheni Rks 84
CHAPTER FOUR 96-117
Brahmana I Invoking the deities; rules governing the chanting of Smidhenis; Puronuvakyas and Yajyas 96
Brahmana II Details of Aghara Homas, origin of Sage Atri 100
Brahmana III Commissioning of Hotr and his duties 106
Brahmana IV The five prayajas or fore-offerings, significance of the five vyahrtis of a Yaga lik "O Sravaya" etc 112
CHAPTER FIVE 118-141
Brahmana I Details of prayajas and their purport 118
Brahmana II Details of prayajas and their purport 126
Brahmana III Details of prayajas and their purport 132
Brahmana IV Description of the purodasa for Agni and its priority 136
CHAPTER SIX 142-173
Brahmana I Description of the purodasa for Agni-Soma; story of Indra drinking the soma from the Drona Kalasa of Tvastr, stealthily and his vomitting the soma; Sautramani Isti by which Indra was restored to health 142
Brahmana II Darsa sacrifice; its timing; sannaya offering to Mahendra 152
Brahmana III Origin of Palasa tree and details of sannaya offering 160
Brahmana IV The debts to be redeemed by human beings; the process of avadana; the mode of chanting Puronuvakya and Yajya; significance of Vasatkara 164
CHAPTER SEVEN 174-203
Brahmana I Origin and importance of Svistakrt oblation; the share of Rudra in Yagas-different names of Rudra; importance of feeding Brakmanas 174
Brahmana II Prasitra the food meant for Brahma; Pusan losing his teeth by eating prasitra 180
Brahmana III Origin of ida offering; story of Visnu's incarnation as matsya 186
Brahmana IV Anuyaja or after-offerings; meaning or the mantras used for Anuyajas 198
CHAPTER EIGHT 204-235
Brahmana I Suktavaka and samyuvaka rities; and disposal of the sruk 204
Brahmana II Purpose of suktavaka and meaning of the mantra used in samyuvaka 212
Brahmana III Patnisamyaja offerings; their significance and their sequence; samsrava homa and samistayajus homa 220
Brahmana IV Significance of the Adhvaryu carryong the purnapatra to the Yajamana; and othe rancilliary formalities 230
UDDHARIKANDA
CHAPTER ONE 236-265
Brahmana I Agnihotra- The five stages of glowing of the sacrificial fire presided over respectively by Varuna, Indra and Brahman; the special significance of offerning at each of the five stages 236
Brahmana II Agnihotra- Ther first slow of offering goes to Devas, the second to human being and what is left over in the ladle to the animals 238
Brahmana III Agnihotra- The significance of morning offerings and evening offerings 240
Brahmana IV Agnihotra- Pervasive connotation of the word Agnihotra; identity of the cow with speech, calf with mind, the flame with sraddha and the havis with truth 240
Brahmana V Agnihotra- Offerings amount to piling up of 2700 Istakas for the Cityagni, during the course of one year 242
Brahmana VI Agnihotra- Mantras uttered over one year amount to Mahaduktha recitation which consists of 720 Rks corresponding to 720 offerings per year 244
Brahmana VII Agnihotra- Performer himself becomes personification of Agnihotra 244
Brahmana VIII Agnihotra- An equivalent to Asvamedha 244
Brahmana IX Agnihotra- Leads to immortality by conquering death 246
Brahmana X Agnihotra- To be continued till one is alive 250
Brahmana XI Agnihotra- A boat that carris the Yahamana to the Heavens 252
Brahmana XII Darsapurnamasa yagas- creating of the universe 254
CHAPTER TWO 266-291
Brahmana I Darsapurnamasa to be prformed for fifteen years involving 360 Purnimals and 360 Amavasya yagas 266
Brahmana II Darsapurnamasa- Secondary offerings of purodasa to Indra after Puranamasa yaga and caru to Soma after Amavasya yaga 268
Brahmana III Darsapurnamasa- Vrata or fasting if the moon is sighted on the day following Darsa yaga 270
Brahmana IV Darsapurnamasa- Samidhenis which cause the Yajamana to be born thrice 272
Brahmana V/VI Darsapurnamasa- Yajamana becomes yajna personified and crosses over death in the form of Vasatkara; Vasatkara and svahakara becomes his heavenly bodies 274/276
Brahmana VII Origin of yajna; its equation with the body of Prajapati; Yajamana gives away his self to the gods by fasting and regains it by performing yajnas like Darsapurnamasa 278
Brahmana VIII Agharas- partly with mantras and partly without; representing the universe partly known by names of the objects in it and partly by their forms 280
Brahmana IX Darsa and Purnamasa symbolize as sun and moon; prana and udana; eye and ear; and mind and speech 282
Brahmana X Yajna-Purusa- With its ingredients forming the limbs of its human figure 286
Pathavimarsa( Textual Notes) 293
VOLUME III
ADHVARA KANDA
CHAPTER ONE 2-23
Brahmana I Agnistoma-Constructing of Yagasala restriction enjoined on the Yajamana to be initiated 2
Brahmana II Agnistoma-Process of initiation or diksa, starting with shaving 4
Brahmana III Agnistoma-Diksa rituals 10
Brahmana IV Agnistoma-Diksa Rituals- Audgrabhana offerings 18
CHAPTER TWO 24-57
Brahmana I Agnistoma- Krsnajina or black antelope's skin; Mekhala or waistbond of Munja grass as symbols of diksa; tying of the horn of antelope 24
Brahmana II Agnistoma-Rules governing the movements and routine of the Yajamana 34
Brahmana III Agnistom-Prayaniya Isti 44
Brahmana IV Agnistoma- Purchasing of soma plants 50
CHAPTER THREE 58-81
Brahmana I/II/III Agnistoms-Purchasing of soma plants 58/62/66
Brahmana IV Agnistoma-Bringing the Soma plant to the Yagasala 72
CHAPTER FOUR 82-105
Brahmana I/II/III Agnistoma-Atithyesti, pravargya, Tanunaptra or oathtaking by touching ghee by the Rtviks and Yajamana for mutual cooperation 82/88/92
Brahmana IV Agnistoms-Upasad Istis 100
CHAPTER FIVE 106-131
Brahmana I Agnistoma-Making of the Vedi for Soma; measurement of the high altar 106
Brahmana II Agnistoma-Sprinking the Vedis with special chants, enclosing the vedi with palasa sticks 114
Brahmana III Agnistoma-Construction of Havirdhana whee soma is to be pressed 118
Brahmana IV Agnistoma-Making of the Uparava or a hole on which soma is to be pounded; mounting o Adhisavanas or planks used as hand press for squeezing soma 126
CHAPTER SIX 132-155
Brahmana I Agnistoma-Planting of the Audumbara branch in he Sadas 132
Brahmana II Agnistoma-Setting up of the Dhisnyas or hearths, story of Suparni and Kadru 140
Brahmana III Agnistoma- Vaisarjana Homa; placing of soma on black antelop's skin underneath the southern Havirdhana plank. 146
Brahmana IV Agnistoma-Preparation of Yupa or stake; including cutting the tree and the measurements of the Yupa and its shape 152
CHAPTER SEVEN 156-173
Brahmana I Agnistoma-Making the pit to install the yupa; winding of yupa with rope and the depth to which it should go inside the ground 156
Brahmana II Agnistoma-In the case of eleven yupas their placement description and the animals to be tied to them 162
Brahmana III Agnistoma-Yaga with pasu for Agni-Soma; signficance of feeding the pasu at the yupa 166
Brahmana IV Agnistoma-Tying of the animal at the stake and sprinkling holy water on it and applying ghee on the specific parts of the pasu 168
CHAPTER EIGHT 174-201
Brahmana I Agnistoma-The eleven fore-offerings; taking the pasu round the fire; handing it over to the Samitra after taking a fire-brand for cooking the pasu; the process of strangling the pasu etc. 174
Brahmana II Agnistoma-Sprinkling to purify the quietened pasu cutting of the hind part of the pasu with mantra; taking out the vapa and cooking it and offering of the vapa 178
Brahmana III Agnistoma-Cutting out the eleven parts of the pasu's body for eleven offerings; Vasahoma and Svistakrt Yaga 186
Brahmana IV Agnistoma-Supplementing the flesh from pasu's belly in case its hind part is emaciated; Anuyaja and Upayaja Homa. Concealing the pain experienced by the pasu during Sanjapana, chanting of mantras to atone for causing pain 196
CHAPTER NINE 202-227
Brahmana I Agnistoma-Pasvekadasini involving eleven pasus intended respectively for Agni, Sarasvati, Soma, Pusan, Brhaspati, Indra and Varuna 202
Brahmana II Agnistoma-Collecting of Vasativari waters 206
Brahmana III Agnistoma-Sutya-day or the day of pressing soma; preparaing the Ekadhana pots in odd numbers 210
Brahmana IV Agnistoma-Placing the soma plants on the Upanisusavana; drenching it with Nigrabhya waters and thrashing the soma plants 218
GRAHA KANDA
CHAPTER ONE 228-255
Brahmana I Grahayagas-Details of soma cups to be filled with soma for the morning 228
Brahmana II Grahayagas-(a) Antaryama graha; 234
Brahmana III Grahayagas-(b) Aindra-vayava graha; 242
Brahmana IV Grahayagas-© Maitra Varuna graha 246
Brahmana V Grahayagas-(d) Asvina graha; 248
CHAPTER TWO 256-279
Brahmana I Grahayagas-(e) Sukra graha; 256
Brahmana II Grahayagas-(f) Agrayana Graha; 264
Brahmana III Grahayagas-(g) Ukthya graha; 268
Brahmana IV Grahayagas- (h) Dhruva graha; 272
CHAPTER THREE 280-301
Brahmana I GRAHAYAGAS-Special rites to atone for the spilling of the soma juice at the time of pressing and offering; chanting of Bahispavamana stotra 280
Brahmana II Grahayagas-(i) Rtu-grahas-twelve or thirteen in number be collected from the dronakalasa each time with the same pair of sups; drinking the residue in both the cups;(j) Collecting in a vessel not used for drinking 284
Brahmana III Grahayagas-Chanting of Pratigara by the Adhvaryu. 292
Brahmana IV Grahayagas-Collecting of Soma grahas for midday savanasukra, Manthiand Ukthya by pressing soma again. These five are collected only in the Rtygraha cups and lastly collected in Sukra Cup 296
CHAPTER FOUR 302-327
Brahmana I Daksina distribution for Soma Yaga 302
Brahmana II Grahayagas-Collecting of Soma graha; mixing of the grahas meant for twin deities with the Aditya graha; collecting the Dadhi graha; offering of Agrayana graha 312
Brahmana III Grahayagas-Savitra garaha to be collected in the Upanisu patra or in the Antaryama patra; Vaisvadeva graha to be collected in a vessel not used for drinking 316
Brahmana IV Grahayagas-Collecting the Putabhrt without Puroruk; offering of caru for Soma; collecting of Patnivata-grahas by either the Upnisu patra or the Antrayama vessel whichever is not used for Savitra graha; offering Patnivata grahas. 322
CHAPTER FIVE
Brahmana I Grahayagas-Collecting the Hariyojana graha in the dronakalasa without Puroruk 328
Brahmana II Grahayagas- Offering of nine Samistayajus and their significance 332
Brahmana III Grahayagas-Avabhrtha or final ablution, after depositing the horn of the deer and the waistband in the catvala pit; Anikavati, Prayaja offerings followed by the main Yaga to Varuna in the waters meant for immersion; and bathing 336
Brahmana IV Grahayagas-Udayaniya offering of a caru to Aditya; Anuvandhya Yaga where a Vasa is offered to Mitra-Varuna 342
CHAPTER SIX 346-365
Brahmana I Extension of the Jyotistoma by additional graha called Sodasi in a four cornered vessel; its timming 346
Brahmana II Atigrahya grahas are Agneya, Aindra and Saurya in Prsthyah Sadahah and Visvajit Ekahah 348
Brahmana III Chanting of Avakasa Mantras in Jyotistoma after drawing the Asvina graha 350
Brahmana IV Prayascittis or expiations in Jyotistoma 354
Brahmana V Ratio of distributing 1000 cows daksina among the Rtviks 356
Brahmana VI Vyudhadvadasa where the order of drawing and offering of the grahas are changed 360
Brahmana VII Correlation of the creation of creatures by Prajapati and the various Soma grahas 362
CHAPTER SEVEN 366-379
Brahmana I Correlation of prana, anna, water and fire with grahas. 366
Brahmana II Number of pasus for each Devata in each Samstha for Agnistoma, Agneya pasu only; for Ukthya, Aindragna pasu besides Agneya; for Sodasi Aindra pasu in addition to the above two; and for Atirata, Sarasvata pasu over and above the above three 366
Brahmana III The Atigrahya graha to Surya 368
Brahmana IV Drawing of the Mahavratiya graha on the penultimate day of Gavamayanam for Indra-Vimrdh or Vacaspati-Visvakarman or Indra-Visvakarman; thirty four Prayascittiya uyahrtis or expiatory utterances 368
Brahmana V Somabhiseka 372
Brahmana VI Yagnopacara-Seating of different Rtviks and other formalities 376
CHAPTER EIGHT 380-401
Brahmana I/II DRAWING OF Amsu graha and Adabhya graha which are to be drawn and offered together 380/384
Brahmana III Satrotthana on the tenth day of the satra which lasts for twelve days 386
Brahmana IV Praise of knowledge of Agnistoma etc 394
Pathavimarsa (Textual Notes) 403
VOLUME IV
Abbreviations xi
VAJAPEYA KANDA- VI
CHAPTER ONE 2-19
Brahmana I Vajapeyayaga-Eligibility of Brahmanas and Ksatriyas to perform it; need for the Yajamana and the Rtviks to be highly learned 2
Brahmana II Vajapeyayaga-Drawing of grahas; placing of Somagrahas on separate mounds; drawing of Madhugraha in a golden cup 4
Brahmana III Vajapeyayaga-Pasus to be quietened as in Agnistoma and additional pasus for Sarasvati, Maruts and Prajapati 8
Brahmana IV Vajapeyayaga-Midday savanna-preparation for Ajidhavana or running a chariot race and preparing caru in seventeen bowls 14
CHAPTER TWO 20-37
Brahmana I Vajapeyayaga-Tying seventeen Dundubhis around the vedi; Ajidhavana accompanied by Samagana and beating of drums; causing the horses of the chariot to smell the caru and disposal of Suragrahas and Madhugraha 20
Brahmana II Vajapeyayaga-Winding the yupa with a cloth; placing casala on the yupa; Yajamana climbing the yupa and touching the casala; getting down and being seated on the Audumbara seat 26
Brahmana III Vajapeyayaga-Offering of caru, Vajaprasaviya offerings; Abhiseka of the Yajamana as Samrat; Ujjiti offerings and Mahendragraha offerings 32
RAJASUYA KANDA- VII
CHAPTER ONE 38-57
Brahmana I Rajasuyayaga-Preliminary rites 38
Brahmana II Rajasuyayaga-Preliminary rites- pancavattiya, Aindra-Turiya and Apamarga offerings 42
Brahmana III Rajasuyayaga-Performing of Trisamyukta homa 48
Brahmana IV Rahasuyayaga-Ratnayagas to be performed at twelve different places on twelve consecutive days 52
CHAPTER TWO 58-85
Brahmana I Rajasuyayaga-Soma-Rudra and Maitra-Barhaspatya offerings 58
Brahmana II Rajasuyayaga- Collecting of different kinds of waters for consecration or Abhiseka 60
Brahmana III Rajasuyayaga-Vapahoma for Agni-Soma-purodasa for Savitr and Agni, caru for Soma and Brhaspati; Purodasa for Indra; Gavedhuka caru for Rudra; Ambanam caru for Mitra and barely caru for Varuna 70
Brahmana IV Rajasuyayaga-Significance of Abhiseka by Brahmins kinsmen, friends and merchants; doning the king to be consecrated with Tarpya garment; white shawl, turban, bow and three arrows making him recite the Avitta mantras 74
CHAPTER THREE 86-111
Brahmana I Rajasuyayaga-Putting a reddish metal piece into the mouth of an eunuch, ascending the regions by the Yajamana; discarding the lead-piece kept under a tiger's skin and standing over the skin; getting anointed with waters while holding the arms raised 86
Brahmana II Rajasuyayaga-Proper wiping off the waters with the horn of an antelope, giving the residual water in a vessel to the heir apparent 90
Brahmana III Rajasuyayag-Assembling of the cows to the north of Agnidhra; bringing the chariot inside the vedi and yoking it; driving it to the midst of the cows; putting on the shoes made of boar's skin; getting down and making offerings to mark the unyoking of the chariot; lowering the raised arms and touching payasya 94td>
Brahmana IV Rajasuyayaga-Yajamana sitting in the special seat getting beaten at the back to signify that he is no more punishable; conferring on him the qualities of Savtir, Varuna, Indra and Brahma; declaring him as doer of good etc-passing on the wooden spade from a Brhamana to the king and successively to his relatives and officials to ensure that each recipient is less powerful Than the one who gives it to him 104
CHAPTER FOUR 112-125
Brahmana I Rajasuyayaga- seven istis, where one golden lotus is given to the king for each isti and finally five more offerings to make it a garland of Twelve to be given as daksina to Udgata 112
Brahmana II Rajasuyayaga-Pancabila homa-offerings in five cavities made in the earth to ensure supply of food from all five directions 118
Brahmana III Rajasuyayaga- Prayuja offerings twelve offerings to make the seasons favourable 122
Brahmana IV Rajasuyayaga- Pasu offerings to Aditi Maruts and Asvins 124
CHAPTER FIVE 126-141
Brahmana I Sautramani-Story of Indra Vamitting soma and Asvins Treating him 126
Brahmana II,III Sautramani- Prohibition of shaving for one year and Traidhatavesti; story of Indra getting out of Vrtra the Yajus the Rks and the Samans with the Help of Visnu 134/136
UKHASAMBHARANA KANDA- VIII
CHAPTER ONE 142-161
Brahmana I Creation by Hiranyagarbha 142
Brahmana II Creation of vayu, aerial region, sky etc; Prajapati identified with cityagni, etymology of istakas; yajusmati and lokamprana varities of istakas 146
Brahmana III Origin of Kumara; his eight names and forms 156
CHAPTER TWO 162-189
Brahmana I Kumara assuming the forms of five pasus; Samidheni mantras and Apri mantras 162
Brahmana II Seizing of the prajapatya pasu as done in the Caraka's tradition; timing and rules for pasvalambha; timing of preparing the ukha 172
Brahmana III Discovery of the first layer by Prajapati the second by Gods; third by Agni-Visvakarma; the fourth by Rsis; and the fifth by Paramesthin 184
CHAPTER THREE 190-215
Brahmana I Asadha brick- its origin; Savitra homa; description of Abhri 190
Brahmana II Fetching the lump of clay for ukha; causing a horse to step on it; offerings in the foot prints of the horse 202
CHAPTER FOUR 216-233
Brahmana I Keeping the fire in the form of clay- lump between an antelop; skin and a lotus leaf 216
Brahmana II Mantras to carry the lump towards north; allowing water and air into it 220
Brahmana III/IV Holding the lump and addressing the pasus one by one 226/230
CHAPTER FIVE 234-253
Brahmana I Clay-lump soaked in boiled water to be mixed with foam goats-hair, iron-rust etc 234
Brahmana II Placing the ukha in the fire and heating it; putting a Palasa samidh into the ukha when flame appears in it 260
Brahmana III Putting thirteen kindlings sticks of different wodds into the ukha 266
Brahmana IV Ukha baked and taken out after sun-set; removing the ashes; alternatives procedures if the ukha gets broken or fire inside gets extinguished 268
CHAPTER SEVEN 276-298
Brahmana I Wearing a gold piece round the neck; carrying that fire in the pan after placing the pan on a stool made of Udumbara wood placed in a sling 276
Brahmana II Taking the pan with a pair of pads made of grass; and holding the sling high up 282
Brahmana III Bringing down the ukhya fire and holding it above the navel and chanting of mantras 290
Brahmana IV Praising ukhyagni with Vatsapra Chants and the Co-relation between Visnukarma and ddVatsapra 294
CHAPTER EIGHT 300-327
Brahmana I Carrying Garhapatya fire by a cart; carrying Ukhyagni placed on a seat by a cart to the place of Garhapatya 300
Brahmana II Construction of altar for Garhapatyagni, identity o Garhapatya with Praapati in his Virat form 308
Brahmana III Ahavaniya altar and the fire in it forming into the shape of a bird with head tail and wings 320
VOLUME V
Abbreviations ix
HASTIGHATA KANDA-IX
CHAPTER ONE 2-27
Brahmana I Piling up of the niritistakas to make the altar for Nirrti 2
Brahmana II Ploughing of the ground for the Ahavaniya altar 8
Brahmana III Placing darbhastamba in the centre of the ploughed site 16
Brahmana IV Pouring water on the ploughed ground and pouring of seeds of herbs 18
CHAPTER TWO 28-53
Brahmana I Soma krayana-its timing; placing of logestakas got from all the four sides outsides the site of the yaga; building of the uttara vedi or high altar and spreading sand evenly over it 28
Brahmana II Atithya, Pravargya and Upasad offerings; horse; Yajamana and Rtviks advancing towards the fire place; making the horse go round the altar 44
CHAPTER THREE 54-71
Brahmana I Construction of the first layer of the citi; invoking Agni from inside his own body by Yajamana 54
Brahmana II Placing of a lotus-leaf and a gold piece in the contra of the altar 58
Brahmana III Placing of a gold-plate embossed with a human figure and worshipping that purusestaka with Sarpanamas 62
Brahmana IV Placing a pair of sruks on either sides of the uttara vedi; enclosing the fire on both sides by karsmarya stick on one side and udumbara stick on the other 66
CHAPTER FOUR 72-99
Brahmana I Piling up the naturally perforated istakas; placing the durvstaka, visvajyoti istaka and a pair of istakas called rtavyas and the asalhestaka 72
Brahmana II Placing of a tortoise as an istaka with avaka plants both belowand above the tortoise; placing of the mortar and pestle and lastly placing the ukha on it 84
CHAPTER FIVE 100-121
Brahmana I,II,III&IV Putting the Pasusirasani into the ukha with gold-piece thrust into each of them; lifting up one by one and placing them in a particular order; offering oblations on those pasusirsani and worshipping them with utsarga mantras; laying down apasya bricks close to them; five bricks on each side 100/104/108/114
CITI KANDA-X
CHAPTER ONE 122-141
Brahmana I Construction of the first citi 122
Brahmana II Piling up the fifty pranabhrt istakas; discussion among the learned about prana and dpranabhrt, relationship between Rks and Samans 130
Brahmana III,IV Piling up of the space filling bricks and putting loose earth on it 136/138
CHAPTER TWO 142-161
Brahmana I Construction of the Second citi; Piliung up of the five asvina istakas and two rtavyestakas 142
Brahmana II Laying down of the vaisvadevestakas 148
Brahmana III & IV Piling up of the pranabhrts, followed by the apasya bricks and the chandasyestakas also known as vayasyestakas; laying down of the two lokamprna bricks at the south-west corner 152/156
CHAPTER THREE 162-181
Brahmana I Construction of the third citi; Laying down the five disyestakas over the darbha and logestakas 162
Brahmana II Piling up of the visvajyotistakas, followed by the rtavya bricks four in number placed over avaka plants placing of ten pranabhrts 168
Brahmana III Laying down the chandasyestakas 172
Brahmana IV Placing athe valakhilya bricks, seven in front and seven at the back 176
CHAPTER FOUR 182-207
Brahmana I Construction of the fourth citi: piling up of the first eighteen istakas representing the eighteen stomas, like Trivrt stoma 182
Brahmana II Laying down the ten sprtestakas and two rtavya bricks 190
Brahmana III Placing of seventeen srstistakas around the ventre adjacent to the retassica briciks 196
Brahmana IV Significance of laying Trivrt stoma in front, Ekavimsa stoma at the back, Pancadasa stoma at the right and Saptadasa at the left 202
CHAPTER FIVE 208-225
Brahmana I Construction of the fifth citi: Piling up of the asapatna istakas; followed by virajestakas; placing the Sodasa stoma on the right side and the forty-fourfold stoma 208
Brahmana II Piling up of the chandasyestakas; ten in front representing vital airs; ten on the right representing ten deities; ten on the west for four quarters, four inter mediate quarters, one upper and one lower regions; ten at the north representing the ten months that constitute the five seasons 212
Brahmana III Laying down the stomabhaga bricks twenty one in number made up by seven trios representing earth ether sky and four regions 218
Brahmana IV Significance of laying down these stomabhagas on he range of the asalha brick covering them with loose soil explaining the absence of lokamprna bricks; placing the vikarni and svayamatrnna bricks at the top 222


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Kanvasatapathabrahmanam - 6 Volumes

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1994
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8120811283
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Kanvasatapathabrahmanam - 6 Volumes

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About the Book:

It is or the first time that a complete critical edition of the Satapaha Brahmana of the Kanva school of the Sukla Yajurveda alongwith its English translation is published. This edition has taken into account the reading available in a few more manuscript, besides those in the published edition in Telgu script, which were not available to Prof. Caland who brought out a critical edition of its first seven Kandas. It is also the first attempt at providing a complete English translation. No Doubt the texts of Satapatha of the Madhyandina and Kanva school do not differ much from Kandas VIII to XVI and Prof. Eggeling's translation of the former is available. Still a fresh attempt at translating the latter portion was felt necessary as result of detailed discussions with traditional scholars who are actively engaged in Srauta sacrificial performances.

Textual Notes to Substanitiate the choice of particular reading; a section under the heading Vimarsa discussing certain selected topics arising out of a study of the text; an exhaustive list of contents, Brahmana-wise and glossary of technical terms are some of the additional features of this attempt. The suggestions and guidance of traditional scholars who are experts in Srautayagas are the most important advantages of this edition.

About the Editor:

He was hailing from an orthodox aristrocratic family of palghat Kerala did his M.A. in Sanskrit in 1950; Ph. D from Delhi University; and Achrya from Darbhanga Sanskrit University.

He worked as Libarian in the Oriential Manuscript Library, Madras. He joined Government of India in 1961 as a Lecturer in Sanskrit. For a brief spel of two years he was on deputation to His Majesty's Government of Nepal as Curator, National Archives, Nepal. He retired as Deputy Educational Advisor in 1985. After his retirement he worked as Consultant in IGNCA for four Years.

As Deputy Educational Advisor, he was instrumental in initiating Adarsh Sanskrit Mahavidyalaya Scheme; reprinting of out of print Sanskrit works; special incentives for preservation of the oral tradition of Vedicstudies; and establishment of Rastriya Veda Vidya Pratishthana- an Autonomous Trust, of the Government of India, also in Starting a number of Veda Pathashalas in various parts of the country.

Besides several articles and Sanskrit Poetic compostitions, he has quite a few publications to his credit in English and Sanskrit including his Sanskrit Dissertation on A Comparative Study of Gita Bhasyas published by the Sahitya Parishad, Lucknow which is widely acclaimed as an excellent piece of critical scholarship.

CONTENTS

VOLUME I

Foreword v
Abbreviations xiii
Introduction xv
EKAPATKANDA
CHAPTER ONE 2-27
Brahmana I Sambhara Brakmana-preparations to be made for adhana or establishment of sacrificial fires. 2
Brahmana II Naksatra Brahmana-auspicious stars for performing Adhana 6
Brahmana III Rtu Brahmana-seasons in which adhana is to be done 12
Brahmana IV Upavasatha-rules to be observed on the day previous to adhana 16
CHAPTER TWO 28-55
Brahmana I Purnahuti offering and pavamanesti at the completion of adhana 28
Brahmana II Details of daksina to be offered at the adhana; transferring of the kinded fires into oneself; observance of truthtfulness by an Ahitagni 34
Brahmana III Punaradhana-reviving the fires externally; agneyesti and daksina for punaradhana. 40
Brahmana IV Agnihotra-description of the oblations and the deities. 48
CHAPTER THREE 56-85
Brahmana I Agnihotra-importance of Sun ; timing of offering ; milking of cow and preparation of the milk oblation. 56
Brahmana II Agrayanesti-its details and importance before freshly harvested grains are used for Agnihotra or for eating 66
Brahmana III Pindapitryajna-in the afternoon of the new-moon days where rice-balls are offered to father, grandfather and great grandfather 70
Brahmana IV Daksayanayajna-also known as Vasistha-Yajna to be performed on full-moon and new-moon days and offering of Vajina 76
CHAPTER FOUR 86-100
Brahmana I Agnihotra-upasthana or worshipping of Agni in the evening; importance of cow; worshipping of Garhapatya and Ahavaniya. 86
Brahmana II Agnihotra continued-worshipping of the fires when one goes on a voyage and when one comes back after a voyage. 96
Brahmana III Caturmasya Yaga-(a) Vaisuadeva parvan and its importance. 100
CHAPTER FIVE 110-135
Brahmana I Caturmasya Yaga-(b) Varunapraghasaparvan to be performed with two vedis. 110
Brahmana II Caturmasya Yaga-© Sakhamedha Parvan- to be done in two days. 124
Brahmana III Mahahavisesti 130
CHAPTER SIX 136-163
Brahmana I Pitryajna-to propitiate three types of ancestors namely Somavantah; Barhisadah and Agnisvattah 136
Brahmana II Tryambakesti-to be performed at a road junction at the north of the residence 148
Brahmana III Caturmasya Yaga-(d) Sunasirtya Parvan-Propitiating Vayu and Surya optionally performed with Soma Juice 154
Brahmana IV Caturmasya Yaga- the importance and singnificanceof all the four parvan 158
Pathavimarsa 165
VOLUME II
Foreword v
Abbreviations xv
Introduction xvii
HAVIRYAJNAKANDA
CHAPTER ONE 2-33
Brahmana I Vrata or vows to be observed by the Yajamana; preparation of pranita-waters; enclosing the altars, preparatory actions to make havis 2
Brahmana II Making the pavitra sprinkling waters to purify the utensils and havis 8
Brahmana III Importance of the skin of black antelope to Yajamana and preparatory actions to make purodasa 14
Brahmana IV Keeping ready the kapalas or potsherds for the purodasa; pounding of grains after placing a samya or yoke-pin below the grinding stones. 24
CHAPTER TWO 34-65
Brahmana I Cooking of purodasa, importance of daksina and significance of rice, wheat etc for purodasa 34
Brahmana II Making the vedi and importance of sphya, stamba, yajus or bunch of consecrated kusa grass-its role in warding off evil spirits 42
Brahmana III Story of Vamana incarnation of Visnu and its link with the ground for vedi; measurement of vedi, cleaning and enclosing the vedi. 48
Brahmana IV Purifying the oblations and ladles; leading the wife to look into a vessel of ghee 56
CHAPTER THREE 66-95
Brahmana I Sacrifice identified with human being; number of times the ladles, juhu and dhruva are to be filled with ghee 66
Brahmana II Sprinkling of the fuel enclosures and vedi; significance of paridhi or enclosing sticks and placement of ladles around the vedi 70
Brahmana III Samidheni chants and their significance 80
Brahmana IV Himkara in the Samidheni Rks 84
CHAPTER FOUR 96-117
Brahmana I Invoking the deities; rules governing the chanting of Smidhenis; Puronuvakyas and Yajyas 96
Brahmana II Details of Aghara Homas, origin of Sage Atri 100
Brahmana III Commissioning of Hotr and his duties 106
Brahmana IV The five prayajas or fore-offerings, significance of the five vyahrtis of a Yaga lik "O Sravaya" etc 112
CHAPTER FIVE 118-141
Brahmana I Details of prayajas and their purport 118
Brahmana II Details of prayajas and their purport 126
Brahmana III Details of prayajas and their purport 132
Brahmana IV Description of the purodasa for Agni and its priority 136
CHAPTER SIX 142-173
Brahmana I Description of the purodasa for Agni-Soma; story of Indra drinking the soma from the Drona Kalasa of Tvastr, stealthily and his vomitting the soma; Sautramani Isti by which Indra was restored to health 142
Brahmana II Darsa sacrifice; its timing; sannaya offering to Mahendra 152
Brahmana III Origin of Palasa tree and details of sannaya offering 160
Brahmana IV The debts to be redeemed by human beings; the process of avadana; the mode of chanting Puronuvakya and Yajya; significance of Vasatkara 164
CHAPTER SEVEN 174-203
Brahmana I Origin and importance of Svistakrt oblation; the share of Rudra in Yagas-different names of Rudra; importance of feeding Brakmanas 174
Brahmana II Prasitra the food meant for Brahma; Pusan losing his teeth by eating prasitra 180
Brahmana III Origin of ida offering; story of Visnu's incarnation as matsya 186
Brahmana IV Anuyaja or after-offerings; meaning or the mantras used for Anuyajas 198
CHAPTER EIGHT 204-235
Brahmana I Suktavaka and samyuvaka rities; and disposal of the sruk 204
Brahmana II Purpose of suktavaka and meaning of the mantra used in samyuvaka 212
Brahmana III Patnisamyaja offerings; their significance and their sequence; samsrava homa and samistayajus homa 220
Brahmana IV Significance of the Adhvaryu carryong the purnapatra to the Yajamana; and othe rancilliary formalities 230
UDDHARIKANDA
CHAPTER ONE 236-265
Brahmana I Agnihotra- The five stages of glowing of the sacrificial fire presided over respectively by Varuna, Indra and Brahman; the special significance of offerning at each of the five stages 236
Brahmana II Agnihotra- Ther first slow of offering goes to Devas, the second to human being and what is left over in the ladle to the animals 238
Brahmana III Agnihotra- The significance of morning offerings and evening offerings 240
Brahmana IV Agnihotra- Pervasive connotation of the word Agnihotra; identity of the cow with speech, calf with mind, the flame with sraddha and the havis with truth 240
Brahmana V Agnihotra- Offerings amount to piling up of 2700 Istakas for the Cityagni, during the course of one year 242
Brahmana VI Agnihotra- Mantras uttered over one year amount to Mahaduktha recitation which consists of 720 Rks corresponding to 720 offerings per year 244
Brahmana VII Agnihotra- Performer himself becomes personification of Agnihotra 244
Brahmana VIII Agnihotra- An equivalent to Asvamedha 244
Brahmana IX Agnihotra- Leads to immortality by conquering death 246
Brahmana X Agnihotra- To be continued till one is alive 250
Brahmana XI Agnihotra- A boat that carris the Yahamana to the Heavens 252
Brahmana XII Darsapurnamasa yagas- creating of the universe 254
CHAPTER TWO 266-291
Brahmana I Darsapurnamasa to be prformed for fifteen years involving 360 Purnimals and 360 Amavasya yagas 266
Brahmana II Darsapurnamasa- Secondary offerings of purodasa to Indra after Puranamasa yaga and caru to Soma after Amavasya yaga 268
Brahmana III Darsapurnamasa- Vrata or fasting if the moon is sighted on the day following Darsa yaga 270
Brahmana IV Darsapurnamasa- Samidhenis which cause the Yajamana to be born thrice 272
Brahmana V/VI Darsapurnamasa- Yajamana becomes yajna personified and crosses over death in the form of Vasatkara; Vasatkara and svahakara becomes his heavenly bodies 274/276
Brahmana VII Origin of yajna; its equation with the body of Prajapati; Yajamana gives away his self to the gods by fasting and regains it by performing yajnas like Darsapurnamasa 278
Brahmana VIII Agharas- partly with mantras and partly without; representing the universe partly known by names of the objects in it and partly by their forms 280
Brahmana IX Darsa and Purnamasa symbolize as sun and moon; prana and udana; eye and ear; and mind and speech 282
Brahmana X Yajna-Purusa- With its ingredients forming the limbs of its human figure 286
Pathavimarsa( Textual Notes) 293
VOLUME III
ADHVARA KANDA
CHAPTER ONE 2-23
Brahmana I Agnistoma-Constructing of Yagasala restriction enjoined on the Yajamana to be initiated 2
Brahmana II Agnistoma-Process of initiation or diksa, starting with shaving 4
Brahmana III Agnistoma-Diksa rituals 10
Brahmana IV Agnistoma-Diksa Rituals- Audgrabhana offerings 18
CHAPTER TWO 24-57
Brahmana I Agnistoma- Krsnajina or black antelope's skin; Mekhala or waistbond of Munja grass as symbols of diksa; tying of the horn of antelope 24
Brahmana II Agnistoma-Rules governing the movements and routine of the Yajamana 34
Brahmana III Agnistom-Prayaniya Isti 44
Brahmana IV Agnistoma- Purchasing of soma plants 50
CHAPTER THREE 58-81
Brahmana I/II/III Agnistoms-Purchasing of soma plants 58/62/66
Brahmana IV Agnistoma-Bringing the Soma plant to the Yagasala 72
CHAPTER FOUR 82-105
Brahmana I/II/III Agnistoma-Atithyesti, pravargya, Tanunaptra or oathtaking by touching ghee by the Rtviks and Yajamana for mutual cooperation 82/88/92
Brahmana IV Agnistoms-Upasad Istis 100
CHAPTER FIVE 106-131
Brahmana I Agnistoma-Making of the Vedi for Soma; measurement of the high altar 106
Brahmana II Agnistoma-Sprinking the Vedis with special chants, enclosing the vedi with palasa sticks 114
Brahmana III Agnistoma-Construction of Havirdhana whee soma is to be pressed 118
Brahmana IV Agnistoma-Making of the Uparava or a hole on which soma is to be pounded; mounting o Adhisavanas or planks used as hand press for squeezing soma 126
CHAPTER SIX 132-155
Brahmana I Agnistoma-Planting of the Audumbara branch in he Sadas 132
Brahmana II Agnistoma-Setting up of the Dhisnyas or hearths, story of Suparni and Kadru 140
Brahmana III Agnistoma- Vaisarjana Homa; placing of soma on black antelop's skin underneath the southern Havirdhana plank. 146
Brahmana IV Agnistoma-Preparation of Yupa or stake; including cutting the tree and the measurements of the Yupa and its shape 152
CHAPTER SEVEN 156-173
Brahmana I Agnistoma-Making the pit to install the yupa; winding of yupa with rope and the depth to which it should go inside the ground 156
Brahmana II Agnistoma-In the case of eleven yupas their placement description and the animals to be tied to them 162
Brahmana III Agnistoma-Yaga with pasu for Agni-Soma; signficance of feeding the pasu at the yupa 166
Brahmana IV Agnistoma-Tying of the animal at the stake and sprinkling holy water on it and applying ghee on the specific parts of the pasu 168
CHAPTER EIGHT 174-201
Brahmana I Agnistoma-The eleven fore-offerings; taking the pasu round the fire; handing it over to the Samitra after taking a fire-brand for cooking the pasu; the process of strangling the pasu etc. 174
Brahmana II Agnistoma-Sprinkling to purify the quietened pasu cutting of the hind part of the pasu with mantra; taking out the vapa and cooking it and offering of the vapa 178
Brahmana III Agnistoma-Cutting out the eleven parts of the pasu's body for eleven offerings; Vasahoma and Svistakrt Yaga 186
Brahmana IV Agnistoma-Supplementing the flesh from pasu's belly in case its hind part is emaciated; Anuyaja and Upayaja Homa. Concealing the pain experienced by the pasu during Sanjapana, chanting of mantras to atone for causing pain 196
CHAPTER NINE 202-227
Brahmana I Agnistoma-Pasvekadasini involving eleven pasus intended respectively for Agni, Sarasvati, Soma, Pusan, Brhaspati, Indra and Varuna 202
Brahmana II Agnistoma-Collecting of Vasativari waters 206
Brahmana III Agnistoma-Sutya-day or the day of pressing soma; preparaing the Ekadhana pots in odd numbers 210
Brahmana IV Agnistoma-Placing the soma plants on the Upanisusavana; drenching it with Nigrabhya waters and thrashing the soma plants 218
GRAHA KANDA
CHAPTER ONE 228-255
Brahmana I Grahayagas-Details of soma cups to be filled with soma for the morning 228
Brahmana II Grahayagas-(a) Antaryama graha; 234
Brahmana III Grahayagas-(b) Aindra-vayava graha; 242
Brahmana IV Grahayagas-© Maitra Varuna graha 246
Brahmana V Grahayagas-(d) Asvina graha; 248
CHAPTER TWO 256-279
Brahmana I Grahayagas-(e) Sukra graha; 256
Brahmana II Grahayagas-(f) Agrayana Graha; 264
Brahmana III Grahayagas-(g) Ukthya graha; 268
Brahmana IV Grahayagas- (h) Dhruva graha; 272
CHAPTER THREE 280-301
Brahmana I GRAHAYAGAS-Special rites to atone for the spilling of the soma juice at the time of pressing and offering; chanting of Bahispavamana stotra 280
Brahmana II Grahayagas-(i) Rtu-grahas-twelve or thirteen in number be collected from the dronakalasa each time with the same pair of sups; drinking the residue in both the cups;(j) Collecting in a vessel not used for drinking 284
Brahmana III Grahayagas-Chanting of Pratigara by the Adhvaryu. 292
Brahmana IV Grahayagas-Collecting of Soma grahas for midday savanasukra, Manthiand Ukthya by pressing soma again. These five are collected only in the Rtygraha cups and lastly collected in Sukra Cup 296
CHAPTER FOUR 302-327
Brahmana I Daksina distribution for Soma Yaga 302
Brahmana II Grahayagas-Collecting of Soma graha; mixing of the grahas meant for twin deities with the Aditya graha; collecting the Dadhi graha; offering of Agrayana graha 312
Brahmana III Grahayagas-Savitra garaha to be collected in the Upanisu patra or in the Antaryama patra; Vaisvadeva graha to be collected in a vessel not used for drinking 316
Brahmana IV Grahayagas-Collecting the Putabhrt without Puroruk; offering of caru for Soma; collecting of Patnivata-grahas by either the Upnisu patra or the Antrayama vessel whichever is not used for Savitra graha; offering Patnivata grahas. 322
CHAPTER FIVE
Brahmana I Grahayagas-Collecting the Hariyojana graha in the dronakalasa without Puroruk 328
Brahmana II Grahayagas- Offering of nine Samistayajus and their significance 332
Brahmana III Grahayagas-Avabhrtha or final ablution, after depositing the horn of the deer and the waistband in the catvala pit; Anikavati, Prayaja offerings followed by the main Yaga to Varuna in the waters meant for immersion; and bathing 336
Brahmana IV Grahayagas-Udayaniya offering of a caru to Aditya; Anuvandhya Yaga where a Vasa is offered to Mitra-Varuna 342
CHAPTER SIX 346-365
Brahmana I Extension of the Jyotistoma by additional graha called Sodasi in a four cornered vessel; its timming 346
Brahmana II Atigrahya grahas are Agneya, Aindra and Saurya in Prsthyah Sadahah and Visvajit Ekahah 348
Brahmana III Chanting of Avakasa Mantras in Jyotistoma after drawing the Asvina graha 350
Brahmana IV Prayascittis or expiations in Jyotistoma 354
Brahmana V Ratio of distributing 1000 cows daksina among the Rtviks 356
Brahmana VI Vyudhadvadasa where the order of drawing and offering of the grahas are changed 360
Brahmana VII Correlation of the creation of creatures by Prajapati and the various Soma grahas 362
CHAPTER SEVEN 366-379
Brahmana I Correlation of prana, anna, water and fire with grahas. 366
Brahmana II Number of pasus for each Devata in each Samstha for Agnistoma, Agneya pasu only; for Ukthya, Aindragna pasu besides Agneya; for Sodasi Aindra pasu in addition to the above two; and for Atirata, Sarasvata pasu over and above the above three 366
Brahmana III The Atigrahya graha to Surya 368
Brahmana IV Drawing of the Mahavratiya graha on the penultimate day of Gavamayanam for Indra-Vimrdh or Vacaspati-Visvakarman or Indra-Visvakarman; thirty four Prayascittiya uyahrtis or expiatory utterances 368
Brahmana V Somabhiseka 372
Brahmana VI Yagnopacara-Seating of different Rtviks and other formalities 376
CHAPTER EIGHT 380-401
Brahmana I/II DRAWING OF Amsu graha and Adabhya graha which are to be drawn and offered together 380/384
Brahmana III Satrotthana on the tenth day of the satra which lasts for twelve days 386
Brahmana IV Praise of knowledge of Agnistoma etc 394
Pathavimarsa (Textual Notes) 403
VOLUME IV
Abbreviations xi
VAJAPEYA KANDA- VI
CHAPTER ONE 2-19
Brahmana I Vajapeyayaga-Eligibility of Brahmanas and Ksatriyas to perform it; need for the Yajamana and the Rtviks to be highly learned 2
Brahmana II Vajapeyayaga-Drawing of grahas; placing of Somagrahas on separate mounds; drawing of Madhugraha in a golden cup 4
Brahmana III Vajapeyayaga-Pasus to be quietened as in Agnistoma and additional pasus for Sarasvati, Maruts and Prajapati 8
Brahmana IV Vajapeyayaga-Midday savanna-preparation for Ajidhavana or running a chariot race and preparing caru in seventeen bowls 14
CHAPTER TWO 20-37
Brahmana I Vajapeyayaga-Tying seventeen Dundubhis around the vedi; Ajidhavana accompanied by Samagana and beating of drums; causing the horses of the chariot to smell the caru and disposal of Suragrahas and Madhugraha 20
Brahmana II Vajapeyayaga-Winding the yupa with a cloth; placing casala on the yupa; Yajamana climbing the yupa and touching the casala; getting down and being seated on the Audumbara seat 26
Brahmana III Vajapeyayaga-Offering of caru, Vajaprasaviya offerings; Abhiseka of the Yajamana as Samrat; Ujjiti offerings and Mahendragraha offerings 32
RAJASUYA KANDA- VII
CHAPTER ONE 38-57
Brahmana I Rajasuyayaga-Preliminary rites 38
Brahmana II Rajasuyayaga-Preliminary rites- pancavattiya, Aindra-Turiya and Apamarga offerings 42
Brahmana III Rajasuyayaga-Performing of Trisamyukta homa 48
Brahmana IV Rahasuyayaga-Ratnayagas to be performed at twelve different places on twelve consecutive days 52
CHAPTER TWO 58-85
Brahmana I Rajasuyayaga-Soma-Rudra and Maitra-Barhaspatya offerings 58
Brahmana II Rajasuyayaga- Collecting of different kinds of waters for consecration or Abhiseka 60
Brahmana III Rajasuyayaga-Vapahoma for Agni-Soma-purodasa for Savitr and Agni, caru for Soma and Brhaspati; Purodasa for Indra; Gavedhuka caru for Rudra; Ambanam caru for Mitra and barely caru for Varuna 70
Brahmana IV Rajasuyayaga-Significance of Abhiseka by Brahmins kinsmen, friends and merchants; doning the king to be consecrated with Tarpya garment; white shawl, turban, bow and three arrows making him recite the Avitta mantras 74
CHAPTER THREE 86-111
Brahmana I Rajasuyayaga-Putting a reddish metal piece into the mouth of an eunuch, ascending the regions by the Yajamana; discarding the lead-piece kept under a tiger's skin and standing over the skin; getting anointed with waters while holding the arms raised 86
Brahmana II Rajasuyayaga-Proper wiping off the waters with the horn of an antelope, giving the residual water in a vessel to the heir apparent 90
Brahmana III Rajasuyayag-Assembling of the cows to the north of Agnidhra; bringing the chariot inside the vedi and yoking it; driving it to the midst of the cows; putting on the shoes made of boar's skin; getting down and making offerings to mark the unyoking of the chariot; lowering the raised arms and touching payasya 94td>
Brahmana IV Rajasuyayaga-Yajamana sitting in the special seat getting beaten at the back to signify that he is no more punishable; conferring on him the qualities of Savtir, Varuna, Indra and Brahma; declaring him as doer of good etc-passing on the wooden spade from a Brhamana to the king and successively to his relatives and officials to ensure that each recipient is less powerful Than the one who gives it to him 104
CHAPTER FOUR 112-125
Brahmana I Rajasuyayaga- seven istis, where one golden lotus is given to the king for each isti and finally five more offerings to make it a garland of Twelve to be given as daksina to Udgata 112
Brahmana II Rajasuyayaga-Pancabila homa-offerings in five cavities made in the earth to ensure supply of food from all five directions 118
Brahmana III Rajasuyayaga- Prayuja offerings twelve offerings to make the seasons favourable 122
Brahmana IV Rajasuyayaga- Pasu offerings to Aditi Maruts and Asvins 124
CHAPTER FIVE 126-141
Brahmana I Sautramani-Story of Indra Vamitting soma and Asvins Treating him 126
Brahmana II,III Sautramani- Prohibition of shaving for one year and Traidhatavesti; story of Indra getting out of Vrtra the Yajus the Rks and the Samans with the Help of Visnu 134/136
UKHASAMBHARANA KANDA- VIII
CHAPTER ONE 142-161
Brahmana I Creation by Hiranyagarbha 142
Brahmana II Creation of vayu, aerial region, sky etc; Prajapati identified with cityagni, etymology of istakas; yajusmati and lokamprana varities of istakas 146
Brahmana III Origin of Kumara; his eight names and forms 156
CHAPTER TWO 162-189
Brahmana I Kumara assuming the forms of five pasus; Samidheni mantras and Apri mantras 162
Brahmana II Seizing of the prajapatya pasu as done in the Caraka's tradition; timing and rules for pasvalambha; timing of preparing the ukha 172
Brahmana III Discovery of the first layer by Prajapati the second by Gods; third by Agni-Visvakarma; the fourth by Rsis; and the fifth by Paramesthin 184
CHAPTER THREE 190-215
Brahmana I Asadha brick- its origin; Savitra homa; description of Abhri 190
Brahmana II Fetching the lump of clay for ukha; causing a horse to step on it; offerings in the foot prints of the horse 202
CHAPTER FOUR 216-233
Brahmana I Keeping the fire in the form of clay- lump between an antelop; skin and a lotus leaf 216
Brahmana II Mantras to carry the lump towards north; allowing water and air into it 220
Brahmana III/IV Holding the lump and addressing the pasus one by one 226/230
CHAPTER FIVE 234-253
Brahmana I Clay-lump soaked in boiled water to be mixed with foam goats-hair, iron-rust etc 234
Brahmana II Placing the ukha in the fire and heating it; putting a Palasa samidh into the ukha when flame appears in it 260
Brahmana III Putting thirteen kindlings sticks of different wodds into the ukha 266
Brahmana IV Ukha baked and taken out after sun-set; removing the ashes; alternatives procedures if the ukha gets broken or fire inside gets extinguished 268
CHAPTER SEVEN 276-298
Brahmana I Wearing a gold piece round the neck; carrying that fire in the pan after placing the pan on a stool made of Udumbara wood placed in a sling 276
Brahmana II Taking the pan with a pair of pads made of grass; and holding the sling high up 282
Brahmana III Bringing down the ukhya fire and holding it above the navel and chanting of mantras 290
Brahmana IV Praising ukhyagni with Vatsapra Chants and the Co-relation between Visnukarma and ddVatsapra 294
CHAPTER EIGHT 300-327
Brahmana I Carrying Garhapatya fire by a cart; carrying Ukhyagni placed on a seat by a cart to the place of Garhapatya 300
Brahmana II Construction of altar for Garhapatyagni, identity o Garhapatya with Praapati in his Virat form 308
Brahmana III Ahavaniya altar and the fire in it forming into the shape of a bird with head tail and wings 320
VOLUME V
Abbreviations ix
HASTIGHATA KANDA-IX
CHAPTER ONE 2-27
Brahmana I Piling up of the niritistakas to make the altar for Nirrti 2
Brahmana II Ploughing of the ground for the Ahavaniya altar 8
Brahmana III Placing darbhastamba in the centre of the ploughed site 16
Brahmana IV Pouring water on the ploughed ground and pouring of seeds of herbs 18
CHAPTER TWO 28-53
Brahmana I Soma krayana-its timing; placing of logestakas got from all the four sides outsides the site of the yaga; building of the uttara vedi or high altar and spreading sand evenly over it 28
Brahmana II Atithya, Pravargya and Upasad offerings; horse; Yajamana and Rtviks advancing towards the fire place; making the horse go round the altar 44
CHAPTER THREE 54-71
Brahmana I Construction of the first layer of the citi; invoking Agni from inside his own body by Yajamana 54
Brahmana II Placing of a lotus-leaf and a gold piece in the contra of the altar 58
Brahmana III Placing of a gold-plate embossed with a human figure and worshipping that purusestaka with Sarpanamas 62
Brahmana IV Placing a pair of sruks on either sides of the uttara vedi; enclosing the fire on both sides by karsmarya stick on one side and udumbara stick on the other 66
CHAPTER FOUR 72-99
Brahmana I Piling up the naturally perforated istakas; placing the durvstaka, visvajyoti istaka and a pair of istakas called rtavyas and the asalhestaka 72
Brahmana II Placing of a tortoise as an istaka with avaka plants both belowand above the tortoise; placing of the mortar and pestle and lastly placing the ukha on it 84
CHAPTER FIVE 100-121
Brahmana I,II,III&IV Putting the Pasusirasani into the ukha with gold-piece thrust into each of them; lifting up one by one and placing them in a particular order; offering oblations on those pasusirsani and worshipping them with utsarga mantras; laying down apasya bricks close to them; five bricks on each side 100/104/108/114
CITI KANDA-X
CHAPTER ONE 122-141
Brahmana I Construction of the first citi 122
Brahmana II Piling up the fifty pranabhrt istakas; discussion among the learned about prana and dpranabhrt, relationship between Rks and Samans 130
Brahmana III,IV Piling up of the space filling bricks and putting loose earth on it 136/138
CHAPTER TWO 142-161
Brahmana I Construction of the Second citi; Piliung up of the five asvina istakas and two rtavyestakas 142
Brahmana II Laying down of the vaisvadevestakas 148
Brahmana III & IV Piling up of the pranabhrts, followed by the apasya bricks and the chandasyestakas also known as vayasyestakas; laying down of the two lokamprna bricks at the south-west corner 152/156
CHAPTER THREE 162-181
Brahmana I Construction of the third citi; Laying down the five disyestakas over the darbha and logestakas 162
Brahmana II Piling up of the visvajyotistakas, followed by the rtavya bricks four in number placed over avaka plants placing of ten pranabhrts 168
Brahmana III Laying down the chandasyestakas 172
Brahmana IV Placing athe valakhilya bricks, seven in front and seven at the back 176
CHAPTER FOUR 182-207
Brahmana I Construction of the fourth citi: piling up of the first eighteen istakas representing the eighteen stomas, like Trivrt stoma 182
Brahmana II Laying down the ten sprtestakas and two rtavya bricks 190
Brahmana III Placing of seventeen srstistakas around the ventre adjacent to the retassica briciks 196
Brahmana IV Significance of laying Trivrt stoma in front, Ekavimsa stoma at the back, Pancadasa stoma at the right and Saptadasa at the left 202
CHAPTER FIVE 208-225
Brahmana I Construction of the fifth citi: Piling up of the asapatna istakas; followed by virajestakas; placing the Sodasa stoma on the right side and the forty-fourfold stoma 208
Brahmana II Piling up of the chandasyestakas; ten in front representing vital airs; ten on the right representing ten deities; ten on the west for four quarters, four inter mediate quarters, one upper and one lower regions; ten at the north representing the ten months that constitute the five seasons 212
Brahmana III Laying down the stomabhaga bricks twenty one in number made up by seven trios representing earth ether sky and four regions 218
Brahmana IV Significance of laying down these stomabhagas on he range of the asalha brick covering them with loose soil explaining the absence of lokamprna bricks; placing the vikarni and svayamatrnna bricks at the top 222


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