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Books > Tantra > The Kapalikas and Kalamukhas: Two Lost Saivite Sects
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The Kapalikas and Kalamukhas: Two Lost Saivite Sects
The Kapalikas and Kalamukhas: Two Lost Saivite Sects
Description
About the Book:

Since the publication of the first edition of The Kapalikas and Kalamukhas in 1972, this work has remained the basic source on these two important Saivite religious sects that flourished in early medieval India. The book also contains a solid summary of the history and doctrines of the Pasupatas, the sect from which the Kalamukhas arose. This new edition includes two new appendices which describe the epigraphical and literary discoveries relevant to these sects made since 1972. The author also offers a new evaluation of the Kalamukhas by the Virasaivas in north-western Karnataka in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries.

The basic contribution of The Kapalikas and Kalamukhas has been to show that these sects were not the degraded cults-replete with hedonistic and sadistic practices and beliefs-that both traditional sources and modern scholars have often claimed. The author accepts that the religious practices of the Kapalikas reflect a revolt against conventional standards of propriety and religious orthodox, but argues that their aims were consonant with the larger context of Saivite Tantrism and its philosophical and ritual traditions. The Kalamukhas, for their part, also maintained somewhat heterodox religious practices, but the Kalamukha ascetics of Karnataka are shown to have been followers of the Pasupata tradition of Lakulisa rather than a tantric sect such as that of the Kapalikas.

About the Author:

David N. Lorenzen has been a professor in the Center of Asian and African Studies of E1 Colegio de Maxico in Mexico City since 1970. In 1989 he was a visiting professor at the University of Iowa. He has made numerous research trips to India under the auspices of both the India-Mexico cultural exchange agreement and the American Institute of Indian Studies. His recent publications include several articles on the Kabir Panth, on Gupta history, and a forthcoming book on Kabir legends. He is currently editor of the Spanish language journal, Estudios de Asia y Africa, published by E1 Colegio de Mexico.

Excerpts from Review:

THE CONCEPT OF RUDRA-SIVA THROUGH THE AGES

Mahadeva Chakrabarti

THE PRESENT BOOK throws new light, with the help of literary and archaeological data, on the gradual development of the concept of Rudra-Siva in his animal, phallic and human forms, since the days of the Harappa Civilization. The approach is mainly historical and the survey is confined to Ancient India. The author has shown how Siva, in his different forms, has so many counterparts in other religions of the world. The book examines how Siva, the composite Aryan-non-Aryan Divinity, was not only admitted but was ultimately crowned with an exalted position in the Brahmanical pantheon; how the bull once identified with the deity, was relegated to the position of a vahana; how phallism was related to Saivism and also how Siva, in his different forms, was represented in early Indian Art and the Art of Further India.

HYMNS FROM THE GOLDEN AGE

David Frawley

THE RG VEDA traditionally represents the mantras of the great seers of Satya Yuga, the mythical Golden Age of many thousands of years ago, through which they established the ways of spiritual knowledge for this world-age. The author, based on a long study of language, poetry and meditation seeks to show in this volume the validity of this traditional view. It sees the Rg Veda, not just as the scripture of the ancient Hindus, but as our common human heritage from our spiritual fathers in the Golden Age of simple outer living and profound inner awareness. As such it presents the Rg Veda as the key to our past and future spiritual humanity and to the steam of spiritual civilization from which, in our materialism, we have fallen and to which, in our evolution, we must return. This book presents one of the most radical mystical approaches ever given to the hymns of the Rg Veda.

CONTENTS

Page
LIST OF ABBREVIATIONSvii
PREFACE TO THE SECOND EDITIONix
PREFACExi
CHAPTER IFOUR SAIVITE SECTS1
Brahma-sutra Commentaries1
Purana and Other Sources7
CHAPTER IIKAPALIKA SOURCES13
Early Sources13
Kapalika Epigraphy24
Samkaracarya and the Kapalikas31
Samkara and Ugra-Bhairava32
Samkara and Krakaca39
Samkara and Unmatta-Bhairava46
Kapalikas in Sanskrit Drama48
Miscellaneous Later Sources62
CHAPTER IIIKAPALIKA CULT AND DOCTRINE73
The Mahavrata73
Somasiddhanta82
Kapalika Bhakti83
CHAPTER IVKALAMUKHAS OF THE SAKTI-PARISAD97
Preliminary97
The Muvara-koneya-samtati99
Other Divisions of the Parvatavali130
The Bhujangavali138
CHAPTER VOTHER KALAMUKHA PRIESTHOODS141
The Simha-parisad141
Other Kalamukha Inscriptions146
Shimoga District146
Belgaum District150
Bellary District153
Bijapur District155
Dharwar District157
Chikmagalur (Kadur) District157
Chitradurga (Chitaldrug) District158
Hassan District158
Kolar and Tumkur Districts160
The Kriyasaktis of Vijayanagar161
Andhra Pradesh and Madras165
Kalamukhas and Virasaivas167
CHAPTER VILAKULISA AND THE PASUPATAS173
BIBLIOGRAPHY193
INDEX203
APPENDIXES215

The Kapalikas and Kalamukhas: Two Lost Saivite Sects

Item Code:
IDG328
Cover:
Hardcover
Edition:
1991
ISBN:
8120807081
Size:
8.5" X 5.5"
Pages:
255
Price:
$27.50   Shipping Free
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About the Book:

Since the publication of the first edition of The Kapalikas and Kalamukhas in 1972, this work has remained the basic source on these two important Saivite religious sects that flourished in early medieval India. The book also contains a solid summary of the history and doctrines of the Pasupatas, the sect from which the Kalamukhas arose. This new edition includes two new appendices which describe the epigraphical and literary discoveries relevant to these sects made since 1972. The author also offers a new evaluation of the Kalamukhas by the Virasaivas in north-western Karnataka in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries.

The basic contribution of The Kapalikas and Kalamukhas has been to show that these sects were not the degraded cults-replete with hedonistic and sadistic practices and beliefs-that both traditional sources and modern scholars have often claimed. The author accepts that the religious practices of the Kapalikas reflect a revolt against conventional standards of propriety and religious orthodox, but argues that their aims were consonant with the larger context of Saivite Tantrism and its philosophical and ritual traditions. The Kalamukhas, for their part, also maintained somewhat heterodox religious practices, but the Kalamukha ascetics of Karnataka are shown to have been followers of the Pasupata tradition of Lakulisa rather than a tantric sect such as that of the Kapalikas.

About the Author:

David N. Lorenzen has been a professor in the Center of Asian and African Studies of E1 Colegio de Maxico in Mexico City since 1970. In 1989 he was a visiting professor at the University of Iowa. He has made numerous research trips to India under the auspices of both the India-Mexico cultural exchange agreement and the American Institute of Indian Studies. His recent publications include several articles on the Kabir Panth, on Gupta history, and a forthcoming book on Kabir legends. He is currently editor of the Spanish language journal, Estudios de Asia y Africa, published by E1 Colegio de Mexico.

Excerpts from Review:

THE CONCEPT OF RUDRA-SIVA THROUGH THE AGES

Mahadeva Chakrabarti

THE PRESENT BOOK throws new light, with the help of literary and archaeological data, on the gradual development of the concept of Rudra-Siva in his animal, phallic and human forms, since the days of the Harappa Civilization. The approach is mainly historical and the survey is confined to Ancient India. The author has shown how Siva, in his different forms, has so many counterparts in other religions of the world. The book examines how Siva, the composite Aryan-non-Aryan Divinity, was not only admitted but was ultimately crowned with an exalted position in the Brahmanical pantheon; how the bull once identified with the deity, was relegated to the position of a vahana; how phallism was related to Saivism and also how Siva, in his different forms, was represented in early Indian Art and the Art of Further India.

HYMNS FROM THE GOLDEN AGE

David Frawley

THE RG VEDA traditionally represents the mantras of the great seers of Satya Yuga, the mythical Golden Age of many thousands of years ago, through which they established the ways of spiritual knowledge for this world-age. The author, based on a long study of language, poetry and meditation seeks to show in this volume the validity of this traditional view. It sees the Rg Veda, not just as the scripture of the ancient Hindus, but as our common human heritage from our spiritual fathers in the Golden Age of simple outer living and profound inner awareness. As such it presents the Rg Veda as the key to our past and future spiritual humanity and to the steam of spiritual civilization from which, in our materialism, we have fallen and to which, in our evolution, we must return. This book presents one of the most radical mystical approaches ever given to the hymns of the Rg Veda.

CONTENTS

Page
LIST OF ABBREVIATIONSvii
PREFACE TO THE SECOND EDITIONix
PREFACExi
CHAPTER IFOUR SAIVITE SECTS1
Brahma-sutra Commentaries1
Purana and Other Sources7
CHAPTER IIKAPALIKA SOURCES13
Early Sources13
Kapalika Epigraphy24
Samkaracarya and the Kapalikas31
Samkara and Ugra-Bhairava32
Samkara and Krakaca39
Samkara and Unmatta-Bhairava46
Kapalikas in Sanskrit Drama48
Miscellaneous Later Sources62
CHAPTER IIIKAPALIKA CULT AND DOCTRINE73
The Mahavrata73
Somasiddhanta82
Kapalika Bhakti83
CHAPTER IVKALAMUKHAS OF THE SAKTI-PARISAD97
Preliminary97
The Muvara-koneya-samtati99
Other Divisions of the Parvatavali130
The Bhujangavali138
CHAPTER VOTHER KALAMUKHA PRIESTHOODS141
The Simha-parisad141
Other Kalamukha Inscriptions146
Shimoga District146
Belgaum District150
Bellary District153
Bijapur District155
Dharwar District157
Chikmagalur (Kadur) District157
Chitradurga (Chitaldrug) District158
Hassan District158
Kolar and Tumkur Districts160
The Kriyasaktis of Vijayanagar161
Andhra Pradesh and Madras165
Kalamukhas and Virasaivas167
CHAPTER VILAKULISA AND THE PASUPATAS173
BIBLIOGRAPHY193
INDEX203
APPENDIXES215
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