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Linguistics in Pali

Linguistics in Pali
$45.00
Item Code: IDD738
Author: K. MANOHAR GUPTA
Publisher: Sundeep Prakashan
Edition: 2003
ISBN: 8175741430
Pages: 477
Cover: Hardcover
Other Details: 8.7" X 5.7"
About the Book

This book contains a study of certain linguistic aspect of Pali language that have not been attempted hitherto. Thus it is valuable for both the students of linguistics as well as Pali. However, in the field of linguistics, this language did not attract much attention since many thought that this is ancient and dead one. Thus linguistic studies, even if pursued, did not progress much in Pali, that too, not beyond phonology and morphology. Few however, dealt to some extent on certain aspects of syntax, but rarely on semantics, though aspect of meaning was attempted by some scholars. For the speech, to be effective in communication it has to be meaningful. As far as syntax, the present book deals with the same primarily based on Aggavamsa's Saddaniti. Though the present book relies on the background provided by the above, yet the findings reveal the peculiarities in Pali especially compared with its sister tongue Sanskrit on the one hand and Prakrit language on the other.

While the book deals with semantics primarily, both regarding diachronic and synchronic aspect, it was considered worthwhile to reexamine the origins of the name of the language, since it is still a mystery, despite lot of research conducted so far, why the name of language is 'pali'. But Buddhaghosa used it as synonymous with 'patha'. Contextually, the meaning of text is assigned to Pali because it is used as synonym of 'patha' by Buddhaghosa. Though the meaning of this word had puzzled various scholars of the present century, yet an attempt is made afresh through purely linguistic means to arrive at the practical meaning of this word. It is for the scholars to judge these new findings.

About the Author:

The author is a Charted Accountant by occupation. But he became deeply interested in religion and spiritual development, both academically and also in practicing the same. While reading religious material in the course of spiritual development, he was puzzled to find various interpretations for any Sanskrit text, since Indian religious material is mostly available in Sanskrit. Utterly dissatisfied, a desire arose in the core of his heart to learn Sanskrit being the classical language, which is the barrier in understanding the ancient texts. However, in the process, he became attracted towards Pali language of Buddhism. Due to the close nexus of Pali with Sanskrit to a certain extent, he learnt Sanskrit also and developed working knowledge in it.

In the course of this perseverance, he joined the University of Delhi and obtained the Masters Degree from the faculty of Buddhist Studies with specialization in Pali and continued his study to awarded the degree of Master of philosophy from the same faculty in the same University. The finale of his study is in his being conferred with Doctor of Philosophy by same University.

The author has written many articles that appeared regularly in various Buddhist journals such as Suhrullekha, Svatantra Times and others.

Contents

Preface
Abbreviations

  1. Introduction
    Notes
  2. Linguistic Study in Pali
    General
    Nature of Pali Language
    Phonology
    Morphology
    Notes
  3. Methodology Followed in Research
    General
    Methodology followed
    Limitations
  4. Syntax in Pali -A Karaka Study General
    Saddaniti
    Kattu Karaka (Nominative Case)
    Kamma Karaka (Accusative Case)
    Karana Karaka (Intrumental Case)
    Sampadana Karaka (Datvie Case)
    Apadana (Ablative Case)
    Okasa Karaka (Locative Case)
    Brief Comparison Vecic, Prakrt and Pali
    Notes
  5. The Meaning of the Word 'Pali'
    Background of Pali
    Views of various Scholars
    Buddhaghosa
    Meaning of the workdpali as in Sanskrit and Prakrt
    Southern Language on Pali
    Telugu
    Tamil
    Kannada
    Malayalam
    Observations
    Notes
  6. Semantics in Pali
    General
    Buddhists' Universe of Discourse
    The feature of Anatomy
    The feature of Synonymy
    Conclusion
    Notes
  7. Semantic Change in Pali
    General
    Meaning of words
    Dhamma
    Sati
    Vihara
    Purisa
    Atta
    Kusala
    Angana
    Sunnata
    Akasa
    Kamma
    Sankhara
    Asava
    Nibbana
    Tanha
    Nama-rupa
    Ahara
    Phassa
    Sekha
    Certain works regarding sexual matters
    Split of compound words or synonymous couplets
    Dhammavinaya & Vitakkavicara
    Maggo-patipada & Satisampajanno
    Kammakiriya & Phalavipaka
    Hetupaccaya & Mulanidana
    Purisapuggalo & Samanabrahmana
    Samudayasambhava, Sukhasomanassam & Kamacchanda
    Thinamiddha, Uddhaccakukkucca, Hiriottappa &Padhanaviriya
    Balaviriya
    Causes of Semantic Change
    1. Religious causes
    2. Socia Causes
    3. Geographical causes
    4. Psychological causes
    5. Phonetic convergence
    Direction of Semantic Change
    Type of Semantic Change.
    1. Similarity of senses (or metaphor)
    2. Contiguity of sense (metonymy)
    3. Similarity of names (popular etymology)
    4. Contiguity of names (ellipsis)
    Conclusions
    Notes

    Appendices
      Appendix
      I. Word-Mapping
      II. The limit of Language and the limit of the world
      III. What is Conveyed
      IV. Meaning
      V. Broad features of Pali Syntax
    Bibliography
    Index

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