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Logical and Ethical Issues: An Essay on Indian Philosophy of Religion

Logical and Ethical Issues: An Essay on Indian Philosophy of Religion
Item Code: IDE578
Author: Bimal Krishna Matilal
Publisher: Chronicle Books, New Delhi
Language: English
Edition: 2004
ISBN: 818028100X
Pages: 198
Cover: Hardcover
Other Details: 8.7" X 5.7"
weight of the book: 402 gms
From the Jacket:

The distinctive feature of this work is that the author was consciously motivated by contemporary historical experience: the contemporary historical experience: the frequent conflict between communities which have coalesced around different religious beliefs. 'If we can discover,' he wrote in the Introduction to this book, 'the deep structure, so to say, of each great religious tradition, an awareness of the fundamental unity of man may emerge out of this discovery, which would be extremely valuable today, in fact, priceless in a world where we have frequent cases of Moradabad, Middle-East, and Northern Ireland,' Needless to say, in our world today the agenda so clearly articulated by Matilal remains relevant.

Matilal took great care to avoid using technical language as the readers he wished to address are not limited to the circle of professional philosophers. To read this work by one of the finest Indian minds of our times is a rewarding experience.

About the Author:

Bimal Krishna Matilal (1935-91) was Spalding Professor of Eastern Religions and Ethics at Oxford University from 1977 to 1991. Matilal was an academic of exceptional scholarship and originality and in his untimely death the world lost an outstanding thinker and philosopher.

His major publications include the Navya Nyaya Doctrine of Negation; Epistemology, Logic and Grammar in Indian Philosophical Analysis; Logic, Language and Reality and Perception: An Essay on the Classical Indian Theories of Knowledge.

Heeraman Tiwari teaches history of ancient Indian ideas and Sanskrit at the Centre for Historical Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, Delhi. He has a Ph.D. in Sanskrit from Delhi University and D.Pihl in Indian Philosophy from Balliol College, Oxford. He has edited (with Jonardan Ganeri) Bimal Krishna Matilal's The Character of Logic in India and is currently working on two new books, From the Word to the World and What is Hinduism?.


Editor's Introduction1
Author's Preface7
1.Introduction: Indian Philosophy of Religion9
2.2The Pain-Thesis16
2.3Naiyayikas on the Pain-Thesis17
2.4Relativism and the Pain-Thesis19
2.5Is it Non-Factual?21
2.6The Buddhist Thesis of Pain22
2.7Fact vs Value23
2.8Religion and Morality26
2.9Objectivity of Religious Beliefs31
3.Problem of Evil34
3.2Logical Formulations37
3.3Suffering Viewed as Evil and a Problem: The Indian Problem39
3.4God: Three Models43
3.5The Spider-Model44
3.6Recent Discussions46
4.7Modern Scepticism72
5.Word and Object I76
5.1Terminological Problems76
5.2Some Modern Views78
5.3Ancient Indian Theories of Meaning81
5.4Nyaya Theory of Reference85
5.5Different Theories of Proper Name88
5.6Rigid Designation vs Nyaya 'Inherence'91
5.7Nyaya 'Baptismal' Ceremony96
6.Word and Object II (Apoha)98
6.1Nominalism of Hobbes and Dinnaga98
6.2Phenomenalistic Basis of Nominalism100
6.3Dinnaga and Conceptualism101
6.4Dinnaga's Apoha-Nominalism104
6.5Verbal Judgement and Inference107
6.6Names Resolved into Descriptions108
6.8Effability of the Particulars112
6.9Strict Nominalism114
7.1The Doctrine118
7.2Philosophy of Language and the Mystical120
7.4The Paradoxical124
7.5Via Negativa126
7.6The Buddhist Tetralemma127
8.Necessity and Indian Logic132
8.2Logical Truths136
8.3The Principle of Inference137
8.4The Logical Problem of Induction and Inference140
8.5Generalisation and the Role of Example (Drstanta): The Buddhists143
8.6Necessity in Nyaya Inference146
8.7The Jaina Approach147
8.8The Tension between the Necessary and the Contingent: Nagarjuna148
8.9Necessity as a Basis of Dharmakirti's Flux Doctrine152
9.Religion and the Study of Comprative Religion156
9.1On the Definition of Religion156
9.2On the Problems of 'Comparative Relgion'162
9.3On the Exclusiveness of Religious Faith165
9.4Can Truth be Many-Faceted?168
9.5Religion and World Peace171
9.6Concluding Remarks172

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