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Books > Ayurveda > Ayurveda > Madhavanidanam of Sri Madhavakara and Madhukosa Commentary (Volume One)
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Madhavanidanam of Sri Madhavakara  and Madhukosa Commentary  (Volume One)
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Madhavanidanam of Sri Madhavakara and Madhukosa Commentary (Volume One)
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From the Jacket

Sarngadhar Samhita is regarded as one of the Laghutrayi, the second line triad of Ayurvedic literature. It is famous among the Ayurvedic physicians by virtue of its practical usefulness. In Sarngadhara Samhita Nadipariksa - the pulse -examination is given with full details for the first time, which is an added advantage for proper diagnosis. The pharmacological terms are explained along with examples. The principals and practice of pharmaceutics are allotted one complete section-12 chapters with details given in no other text in Ayurveda making this book a unique ready reference for such purposes.

Apart from herbalism many recipes of mercurial system have been included. The third section of this book is allotted to Pancakarma, the detoxification therapy of Ayurveda. The step by step account of each therapy is detailed very diligently making the work more adoptable.

The recipes given in the book are sure remedies for so many minor diseases. It also gives the details of various processes and therapies to be adopted in the eye diseases.

The book is presented in the manner that can cater to the felt- needs of an Ayurvedic practitioners. The English translation of the work is aimed at making the help, the practitioners and zealots of Ayurveda, all over the world, gain better knowledge of health and medicine.

Arogya Raksha kalpadruma, is a laudable literary source on specialty Ayurvedic pediatric care of Kerala terrain. Sri. Kaikkkulangara Rama Warier, one of the illustrious astute of ancient kerala, is considered as the author of this treasured literature. This literary work contains exceptional information regarding various diseases pathogenesis and its management, with reference to pediatric age group, which is not seen any of the other Ayurvedic literary works.

A sumptuous explanation of 15 type of Vasarpa (inflammatory skin diseases) etiology, pathogenesis and its management is explicatively explained in this book is its outstanding feature. Apart from this topic, various other disease pathogenesis and its management, such as rakta sthambha, kundalaka, sakha roha, nabhi roga etc. are explained in this work . This is another special feature not seen in any of the other Ayurvedic literary works present today. Another topic of special citation is that, is the lucid explanation on immunomodulatory methods followed in children, is explained under the topic as prakaradi yoga, is a specially of this book. Aside from all the above, Arogya raksha kalpadruma explains the innards of all the eight specially divisions of Ayurveda.

On rummaging the heirloom of Kerala's splendid Ayurvedic pediatric health care treasures, one can find, Arogya raksha kalpadruma, is the bible of the ancient Ayurvedic pediatric health care wisdom of Kerala.

 

Introduction

"Nidanemadhavah sresthah" - For diagnosis, madhava nidana in the best as has been envisaged by the scholars. Such great work Madhavanidana has been use for practical and research purposes by the students, practitioners and researchers since its publication. Madhavakara has taken lot of pains to compile the concerned material from various sources like Caraka samhita, Susruta samhita, Astanga sangraha and Astangas hrdaya. That apart, he has composed verses out of his own experience by which he could add more value to his work. This work his deal exclusively with the diagnostic crieteria of diseases on Ayurvedic basis. Once the patient approaches the physician, the later should concentrate on fixing the diagnosis so as to give a pin pointed treatment to cure the disease. Though the material has been collected from Caraka samhita etc., the study of these works alone may not give such a clear picture of the disease. The arrangement of the subject material in Madhava nidana is so systematic that it can be understood by the physicians with the interlinking system of the diseases in a proper manner.

This work has attracted the attention of many a number of scholar from Ayurvedic field and also from the literature field. The first English translation was done by G. J. Mullenbeld, professor of Indology of Netherlands. It is purely on the literary view point and the language is so mechanical that the practitioners could not find it much useful. Prof. Srikanthamurthy of Bangalore has made a very good effort in translating this work into English. Now it is very popular work among English knowing enthusiasts of Ayurveda. But his translation is restricted to main text of Madhavanidana. The commentaries of Vijayaraksita and Srikantha datta aptly named as "madhukosa," meaning " Honeycomb" gives more clarity in the subject concern. Pt. Yadavji Trikamji Acharya himself wondered to see the reference of many unseen works of Ayurveda mentioned in this commentary. One should carefully go through the commentary without getting confused by honey -bee like language used in it and get the honey -Like knowledge. It is felt necessary to take -up the translation of the commentary also so as to make the English knowing zealots to enjoy the crux of the subject. There is no doubt that no translation can match the original text in expression but a sincere effort is made in the following pages to explore the intricacy of the subject in English. This venture has been encouraged by the renowned publishers, Chowkhamba Sanskrit Series office, Varanasi after they published my translation on "Sarngadhara samhita" which had gained popularity among the students and scholars of Ayurveda. I appeal to the learned that this may kindly be accepted and suggest about draw backs if any, which can be rectified in future editions. At present a part of this text, i.e., from chapter 1-32 are being presented.

 

Back of the Book

About the Book

Madhavanidanam of Sri Madhavakara with Madhukosa commentary of Vijayaraksita and Srikanthadatta Part -I (1-32 Chapters) is translated into English by Dr. P. Himasagara Chandra Murthy a reputed academician in the field of Ayurveda. The subject is presented in call clarity and simplicity to make this work understandable and adoptable to the English - knowing zealots of Ayurveda. The text, as such, is louded for bringing together, vast subject of Ayurvedic diagnostics and presenting in a lucid manner. This translation will take it to the universal level making the work more worthy and useful to the medical field. In fact the expensive diagnostic aspect can be avoided effectively by following the principles laid down in this text.

The addition of Sanskrit- English glossary adds to the utility of this work making it a monumental one. The students, researchers and practitioners will find this as a must for their ready reference at every step. The Chaukhamba Sanskrit Series Office, the publishers have made a worthy attempt in publishing this translation. The author, who has already proved his mite through his translation of Sarandadhara Samhita, deserves all the commendation for his skills in translation and presentation.

 

About the Author

Hails from a Traditional Ayurvedic family, Dr. P. Himasagara Chandra Murthy has possessed his BAM & S from Sri Rangacharya Govt. Ayurvedic College, Guntur, A. P. and M.D. (Ayurveda) from Gujarat Ayurved University, Jamnagar. He started his career as a teacher in 1979 at B. H. Ayurveda Mahavidyalaya, Lodra. Gujarat and within short period he shifted to the Ayurveda College, Coimbatore, Tamilnadu, Where he rose to the position of a Principal within 5 Years. Since 1989 he is in the faculty of Govt. Ayurvedic College, Vijayawada. A. P. He is now a Gazetted Lecturer in the P. G. Department of Rasashastra and incharge professor and head of the same Department in Vijayawada. He is awarded with the " Caption Srinivasda Murthy Gold Medal" for his excellence in finding metallic impurities in Mercury through Namburi Phased Spot Test (NPST). Though he has specialized in Rasashastra, Dr. Murthy has equal proficiency in samhitas, which he taught for about 10 years and also translated Nidana, Vimana and Sharira sthanas of Charaka Samhita along with Chakrapani Commentary into Telugu. His English translation of Sarngadhara Samhita has become famous for its lucid presentation. Dr. Murthy has, to his credit, many research projects and presentations. He has also been a member in various Universities for studies and Examinations.

Contents
I Invocation 1
  Pancanidana laksana- On five diagnostic principles 1
  Nidana- The etiology 7
  Purvarupa- Premonitory symptoms 14
  Rupa-The symptomatology 17
  Upasaya- The positive trail 19
  Samprapti- The pathogenesis 25
II Jvaranidanam ( Diagnosis of fever) 37
  Common symptomatology of fever 41
  Prodomata of fever 42
  Signs and symptoms of Vata type of fever 44
  Signs and symptoms of Pitta type of fever 45
  Signs and symptoms of Kapha type of fever 47
  Signs and symptoms of Vata-pitta type of fever 48
  Signs and symptoms of Vita-slesma type of fever 49
  Signs and symptoms of Slesma- pitta type of fever 49
  Signs and symptoms of Sannipata fever 50
  Prognosis of Sannipata fever 56
  Agantu (fever caused by extrinsic factors) 57
  Onset of Visama jvara (irregular fever) 60
  Dhatu- relationship of irregular fever 61
  Time of bouts of irregular fever 62
  Caturthaka viparyaya (reversal quartan) fever 66
  Vatabalasaka fever 68
  Pralepaka fever 69
  Fevers where half of the body is afflicted by temperature 69
  Sitapurva(Starting with cold) dahapurva (starting with burning sensation) fevers 70
  Dhatu based fevers 72
  Prakrta and Vaikrta fevers 74
  Internal and external fevers 77
  Ama ( undigested) Pacyamana (digesting) and Nirama (digested) fevers 78
  Curability of fever 81
  Incurability of fever 81
  Premonitory symptoms of relief of fever 85
  Signs and symptoms on relief of fever 86
III Atisaranidanam (Diagnosis of diarrhoea) 88
  Pathogenesis of diarrhoea 89
  Prodromata of diarrhoea 91
  Vata type of diarrhoea 91
  Pitta type of diarrhoea 92
  Slesma type of diarrhoea 92
  Diarrhoea of Dosa-triad 92
  Diarrhoea due to grief 93
  Diarrhoea due to Atma(undigested stuff) 94
  Characteristics of Ama-afflicted feaces and those of non- afflicted one 94
  Incurable diarrhoea 95
  Pravahika (dysentery) 97
  Varieties of Pravahika 97
  Symptoms of cure of diarrhoea 98
IV Grahaniroganidanam(Diagnosis of sprue) 100
  Purvarupa of Grahani 101
  Aetiology, pathogenesis and symptomatology of Vata type of Grahaniroga 101
  Pitta type of Grahaniroga 103
  Kapha type of Grahaniroga 103
  Sannipatagrahaniroga( Sprue caused by all three of Dasas) 104
  Sangrahagrahani and Ghatiyantragrahani 105
  Prognosis of Grahaniroga 105
V Arsonidanam (Diagnosis of piles) 107
  Samprapti (pathogenesis) of Arsa (piles) 108
  The aetiology of Vata types of piles 108
  Aetiology of pitta type of piles 109
  Aetiology of Kapha type of piles 109
  Aetiology of piles of dual Dosa affliction 110
  Aetiology of piles of three Dosa affliction 110
  Symptomatology of Vata type of piles 111
  Symptomatology of Pitta type of piles 112
  Symptomatology of Slesma type of piles 113
  Symptomatology of Sannipata (tridosa) and Sahaja (congenital) piles 114
  Symptomatology of Raktarsas (bleeding piles) 114
  Association of Vata and Kapha in bleeding piles 115
  Premonitory symptoms of Arsas (piles) 116
  The role of piles in troubling the whole body 117
  Prognosis of the disease of piles 118
  Complications of the piles- disease 119
  The muscular spourts occurring in places other than the anus 120
  Carmakila(wart) 120
VI Agnimandya, Ajirna, Visucika, Alasaka, Vilambika Nidanam (Diagnosis of decreased appetite, indigestion and related diseases) 121
  Varieties of indigestion 122
  Aetiology/causative factors of Ajirna (indigestion) 124
  Symptomatology of Ajirna 125
  Complications of indigestion 126
  Over- eating leads to indigestion 126
  Visuci (gastro-enteritis) 127
  Symptomatology of visuci 127
  Alasaka(lethargy of food) 128
  Vilambika 128
  Role of Ama (unripe or undigested stuff) in causing diseases 129
  Incurability of Visuci and Alasaka 129
  Signs of relief of indigestion, complications of Visuci and significance of tackling indigestion and symptomatology of common indigestion 130
VII Kriminidanam (Diagnosis of worm-infestation) 131
  The external worms 131
  Aetiology of worm- infestation 132
  Aetiology of worm- infestation basing on the origin 132
  Symptomatology of worm-infestation 133
  The features of worms of Kapha origin 133
  the features of worms of Rakta origin 134
  Worms of purisa (faeces) origin 134
VIII Pandu, Kamala, Kumbhakamala and Halimaka (Diagnosis of anaemia, jaundice and advanced stages of jaundice) 136
  Aetiology of Pandu(anaemia) 137
  Premonitary symptoms of Pandu 137
  Signs and symptoms of Vata type of anaemia 137
  Signs and symptoms of Pitta type of anaemia 138
  Signs and symptoms of Kapha type of anaemia 138
  Signs and symptoms of Sannipata type of Pandu 138
  Samprapti (pathogenesis) of Pandu caused by eating soil 139
  Symptomatology of Pandu caused by eating soil 139
  Prognosis of Pandu 140
  Kamala jaundice 141
  Kumbhakamala (Advanced stage of jaundice) 142
  Prognosis of kamala (jaundice) 143
  Prognosis of Kumbhakamala 143
  Halimaka (The advanced stage of Pandu) 143
  Panaki 143
IX Raktapittanidana(Diagnosis of haemorrhagic disease) 145
  Premonitary symptoms of Raktapitta 146
  Slesma type of Raktapitta 146
  Vata type of Raktapitta 146
  Pitta type of Raktapitta 146
  Dosa relation in Raktapitta 148
  Prognosis of Raktapitta 148
  Curability of Raktapitta 148
  Curability of Raktapitta as per Dosa involvement 149
  Complications of Raktapitta 149
  Incurability of Raktapitta 150
X Rajayaksma-Ksataksina Nidana (Diagnosis of consumption-emaciation) 152
  Pathogenesis of Rajayaksma 153
  Prodromata of consumption 154
  Symptomatology of consumption 155
  Six features of consumption 156
  Prognosis of consumption 158
  Curability of consumption 158
  The two types of consumption 159
  consumption caused by grief 159
  Consumption caused by senility 160
  Consumption caused by excessive walking 160
  Consumption caused by strenuous exercise 161
  Incurability of consumption occurring to the wounded 161
  Urahksata (traumatic chest) 162
  Prodromata of traumatic chest 162
  The Symptomatology of emaciation due to traumatic chest (Ksataksina) 164
  Prognosis of Ksataksina (emaciation due to traumatic chest) 164
XI Kasanidanam (Diagnosis of couch) 165
  Varieties of Kasa 166
  Prodromata of Kasa 166
  Vata type of Kasa (cough) 166
  Pitta type of cough 166
  Ksatakasa (cough due to traumatic chest) 166
  Ksayajakasa (cough due to pthisis) 168
  Curability and incurability of Kasa (cough) 168
XII Hikkasvasanidana (Diagnosis of hiccup and dyspnoea) 170
  Main feature of hiccup 171
  Pathogenesis and varieties of hiccup 171
  Prodromata of hiccup 171
  Annaja type of hiccup 172
  Yamala hikka (dual hiccup) 172
  Ksudra hikka (minor hiccup) 172
  Gambhira hikka (deep hiccup) 173
  Mahati hikka (big hiccup) 173
  Incurability of hiccup 173
  Varieties of Svasa (dyspnoea) 174
  Prodromata and pathogenesis of dyspnoea 175
  Mahasvasa (great dyspnoea) 175
  Urdhvasvasa (upward dyspnoea) 176
  Tamakasvasa (bronchial asthma) 177
  Pratamaka and santamaka svasa 177
  Ksudrasvasa (mild dyspoea 179
XIII Svarabhedanidanam(Diagnosis of disturbed voice) 181
  Vata type of svarabheda 181
  Pitta type of Svarabheda 182
  Kapha type of Svarabheda 182
  Sannipata type of Svarabheda 182
  Svarabheda caused by Ksaya (consumption) 183
  Svarabheda caused by Medas (fat) 183
  Incurability of Svarabheda 184
XIV Arocakanidanam(Diagnosis of anorexia) 185
  Vata type of Arocaka 185
  Pitta type of Arocaka 185
  Kapha type of Arocaka 186
  Agantu type of Arocaka 186
  Tridosa type of Arocaka 187
  Specific symptomatology of Arocaka 187
XV Chardinidanai (Diagnosis of vomiting) 189
  Definition and aetiology of Chardi (vomiting) 189
  Prodromata of Chardi 189
  Vata type of Chardi 190
  Pitta type of Chardi 190
  Kapha type of Chardi 191
  Tridosa type of Chardi 191
  Incurability of Chardi 191
  Agantu (sudden) type of Chardi 192
  Chardi caused by Krimi (worm-infestation) 193
  Incurability of Chardi 193
  Complications of Chardi 193
XVI Trsnanidana (Diagnosis of thirst) 194
  Nidana (aetiology)Samprapti (pathogenesis) and Bheda (varieties) of Trsna (thirst) 194
  Vata type of Trsna 195
  Pitta type of Trsna 195
  Kapha type of Trsna 196
  Trsna due to injury 197
  Trsna due to Ksaya (emaciation) 197
  Trsna caused by Ama (undigested stuff) 197
  Bhaktodbhava Trsna-Thirst caused by eating certain foods 198
  Upasargaja Trsna(Thirst caused as a complication to some other disease) 198
  Incurability of Trsna 199
XVII Murccha- Bhrma- Nidra- Tandra- Sanyasa Nidana (Diagnosis of syncope, giddiness, sleep, dizziness and coma) 200
  Prodromata of murccha 201
  Vata type of murccha 201
  Pitta type of murccha 202
  Kapha type of murccha 202
  Sannipata (tridosa) type of murccha 202
  Raktaja murccha(syncope caused by smelling blood) 203
  Murccha caused by Visa (poison) and Madya (alcohol) 204
  The features of Murccha of Rakta (blood) Madya (alcohol) and Visa (poison) 205
  The factors involved in causing Murccha, Bhrama, Tandra and Nidra 205
  The features of Tandra 206
  Difference between Murccha and Sannyasa 206
  Features of Sannyasa 206
XVIII Panatyaya, Panajirna, Panavibhramanidana (Diagnosis of various stages of alcoholic intoxication) 208
  Cause of Intoxication 208
  Good and bad effects of Madya ect. 208
  The benefit of using Madya in a specific method 209
  Signs and symptoms of Prathamamada (Primary intoxication) 210
  Madhyama mada (Secondary or medium intoxication) 211
  Trtiya mada (Third stage of intoxication) 211
  Caturtha mada (Fourth stage of intoxication) 212
  Some more irregularities in consuming alcohol and the effect 213
  Diseases caused by irregular alcoholism 214
  Madatyaya (Panatyaya) or excessive intoxication 214
  Paramada (ultimate intoxication) 215
  Panavibhrama 215
  Incurability of intoxication 216
  Complications of intoxication 216
XIX Dahanidana (Diagnosis of burning sensation) 218
  Raktaja type of Daha 218
  Pitta type of Daha 218
  Trsna nirodhaja Daha 219
  Daha caused by internal bleeding 219
  Daha due to Dhatuksaya (depletion of bodily tissues) 219
  Daha due injury 220
  Daha due to injury to the Marma (vital parts) 220
XX Unmadanidana (Diagnosis of insanity) 221
  Varieties of Unmala (insanity) 221
  Common aetiology of Unmada (insanity) 222
  Samprapti (pathogenesis) of Unmada (insanity) 222
  Common symptomatology of Unmada 223
  Vata type of Unmada 223
  Pitta type of Unmada 224
  Kapha type of Unmada 224
  Sannipata type of Unmada 225
  Sokaja Unmada ( insanity caused by grief) 226
  Visaja Unmada (insanity caused by poison) 226
  Incurability of Unmada 227
  Unmada caused by supernatural powers 227
  Unmada caused by Deva (gods) 228
  Unmada caused by Devasatru (enemies of God-demons) 228
  Gandhrvagraha- affliction 228
  Yaksagraha- affliction 229
  Pitrgraha- affliction 229
  Nagagraha- affliction 229
  Raksaksa-affliction 230
  Pisaca-affliction 230
  Incurability of Unmada 230
  The time of affliction 231
  The invisibility of afflicting Grahas 231
  The affliction- relation of human- being and supernatural powers 231
XXI Apasmara Nidana (Diagnosis of epilepsy) 233
  Prodromata of Apasmara 233
  Vata type of Apasmara 234
  Pitta type of Apasmara 234
  Kapha type of Apasmara 234
  Sannipata type of Apasmara and incurability 235
  Periodicity of the bouts of Apasmara 235
XXII Vatavyadhi Nidana (Diagnosis of Vata- disorders) 237
  Purvarupa (prodromata) 239
  Various ailments caused by Vata 239
  Kosthasrta Vata laksana (symptomatology of Vata when situated in the Guda and Amasaya 241
  Signs and symptoms caused by Vata seated in the intestines 241
  Signs and symptoms of Vata seated in the skin 242
  Signs and symptoms of Vata getting into Asrk (blood) 242
  Signs and Symptoms which occur when Vata reaches mamsa and medas, Majja and Asthi 243
  Features of vitiated Vata when it reaches Sukra (semen) 243
  Siragata Vata (Vata seated in the veins) 243
  Snayugata Vata (Vata seated in the ligaments) 244
  Sandhigatavata (Arthritis) 244
  Signs and symptoms when Pitta and Kapha individually make Avarana (covering) on each of the five types of Vata 244
  General features of Aksepaka (convulsions) 245
  Apatantraka and Apatamaka 246
  Dandapatanaka (plenostuotonos) 247
  Dhanustambha (tetanus) 247
  Incurability of apatanaka 249
  Paksavadha (haemiplegia) 249
  Association of Pitta and Kapha in Paksavadha and the pregnosis of this disease 250
  Arditavata (facial paralysis/bell's palsy) 250
  Incurability of Arditavata 251
  The temporary relief in convulsions 252
  Hanugraha (lock-jaw) 252
  Manyastambha (torticollis/dry neck) 253
  Siragraha 253
  Grdhrasi (sciatica) 253
  Visvaci (radio- ulnar paralysis) 254
  Krostukasirsa (inflamed knee) 255
  Khanja (limp/monoplegia) and Pangu (paraplegia) 255
  Kalayakhanja (lathyrism) 256
  Vatakantaka(ankle sprain) 256
  Padadaha (burning feet) 257
  Padaharsa (horipplation of the feet) 257
  Amasosa 257
  Avabahuka 257
  Muka, Minmina, Gadgada (dumbness etc.) 258
  Tuni 258
  Pratituni 259
  Asthila 259
  Hinderance of urination due to disturbance of Vata 260
  Kampavata(shaking palsy) 260
  Khallivata 261
  Urdhva Vata 261
  Knowing the remaining Vata disorders 261
  Curability and incurability of Vata disorders 261
  Upadrava (complications )of Vata disorders 262
  Normalcy of Vata 262
XXIII Vataraktanidanam (Diagnosis of gout) 264
  Aetiology of Vatarakta (gout) 264
  Samprapti (pathogenesis) of Vatarakta 265
  Purvarupa (premonitory symptoms)) 265
  Symptomatology of Vatarakta, Dosa-wise 266
  The process of spreading of Vatarakta 267
  Prognosis of Vatarakta 267
XXIV Urustambhanidanam (Diagnosis of rigidity of the thighs) 269
  Aetiology and pathogenesis of Urustambha 269
  Purvarupa (prodromata), Anupasaya (negative trail treatment) and Sadhyasadhyata (prognosis) of Urustambha (rigidity of thighs) 270
XXV Amavatanidana (Diagnosis of rheumatoid arthrities) 272
  General symptomatology of Amavata 273
  Advanced stage of Amavata 273
  Specific features of Amavata when it is associated with Pitta, Vata and Kapha 274
  Prognosis Amavata 274
XXVI Sula, Parinamasulannadravasulanidana (Diagnosis of abdominal colic, peptic ulcer and gastric ulcer) 275
  Number of Sulas (colic) 275
  Vata type of Sula 275
  Pitta type of Sula 276
  Slesma type of Sula 277
  Tridosa Sula and Amasula 278
  Sula caused by two Dosa combinations 278
  Prognosis of Sula 279
  Parinama Sula (peptic ulcer) 279
  Dosa-based symptomatology of Parinamasula 280
  Annadrava Sula 280
XXVII Udavartanahanidanam (Diagnosis of bloating of abdomen and chronic constipation) 282
  Signs and symptoms caused by suppression of fast etc. 282
  Udavarta caused by aggravation of vata 284
  Anaha (flatulence) 285
XXVIII Gulmanidanam (Diagnosis of abdominal tumour) 287
  Definition of Gulma 287
  The type of Gulma 288
  Premonitary symptoms of Gulma 289
  General symptomatology of Gulma 290
  Vata type of Gulma 290
  Pitta type of Gulma 291
  Kapha type of Gulma 291
  Involvement of Dosa-due in causing Gulma 292
  Sannipata gulma 292
  Raktagulma 293
  Incurability of Gulma 295
XXIX Hrdroganidana (Diagnosis of heart- disease) 297
  Pathogenesis and main feature of heart- disease 297
  Vata type of Hrdroga 297
  Pitta type of Hrdroga 298
  Kapha type of Hrdroga 298
  Sannipata and Krimi types of Hrdroga 298
  Upadravah (complications) of Hrdroga (heart disease) 300
XXX Mutrakrcchranidana (Diagnosis of dysuria- difficulty in urination) 301
  Nidana and Samprati (aetiology and pathogenesis) of Mutrakrcchra 302
  Dosa-wise signs and symptoms of Mutrakrcchra 302
  Similarity and contrast between Asmari varieties 302
XXXI Mutraghatanidana (Diagnosis of obstructed micturition) 304
  Enumeration of Mutraghata Varieties 304
  Vatakundalika (spasmodic stricture) 304
  Asthila 305
  Vatabasti (retention of urine) 305
  Mutratita (incontinence of urine) 305
  Mutrajathara(distended bladder) 305
  Mutrotsanga (stricture of urethra) 306
  Mutraksaya (suppression of urine) 306
  Mutragranthi (tumour of the bladder) 306
  Mutrasukra (spermaturia) 307
  Usnavata (haematuria) 307
  Mutrasada (scanty urination) 308
  Vidvigraha (recto- vesical fistula) 308
  Vastikundala(atony of the bladder) 308
  Dosa-wise symptomatology of Vastikundala 307
  Prognosis of Vastikundala 309
  Features of Kundala 309
XXXII Asmarinidana (Diagnosis of urinary calculus) 311
  Purvarupa (prodromata) 311
  Common symptomatology of Asmari 312
  Vata type of Asmari 312
  Pitta type of Asmari 313
  Kapha type of Asmari 313
  Curability of Asmari 313
  Sukrasmari (calculus by holding semen) 314
  Sarkara (sandy urination) 314
  Transformation of Asmari into Sarkara 315
  Incurability of Asmari 316
Glossary Sanskrit English 316

 













Madhavanidanam of Sri Madhavakara and Madhukosa Commentary (Volume One)

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Madhavanidanam of Sri Madhavakara  and Madhukosa Commentary  (Volume One)

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From the Jacket

Sarngadhar Samhita is regarded as one of the Laghutrayi, the second line triad of Ayurvedic literature. It is famous among the Ayurvedic physicians by virtue of its practical usefulness. In Sarngadhara Samhita Nadipariksa - the pulse -examination is given with full details for the first time, which is an added advantage for proper diagnosis. The pharmacological terms are explained along with examples. The principals and practice of pharmaceutics are allotted one complete section-12 chapters with details given in no other text in Ayurveda making this book a unique ready reference for such purposes.

Apart from herbalism many recipes of mercurial system have been included. The third section of this book is allotted to Pancakarma, the detoxification therapy of Ayurveda. The step by step account of each therapy is detailed very diligently making the work more adoptable.

The recipes given in the book are sure remedies for so many minor diseases. It also gives the details of various processes and therapies to be adopted in the eye diseases.

The book is presented in the manner that can cater to the felt- needs of an Ayurvedic practitioners. The English translation of the work is aimed at making the help, the practitioners and zealots of Ayurveda, all over the world, gain better knowledge of health and medicine.

Arogya Raksha kalpadruma, is a laudable literary source on specialty Ayurvedic pediatric care of Kerala terrain. Sri. Kaikkkulangara Rama Warier, one of the illustrious astute of ancient kerala, is considered as the author of this treasured literature. This literary work contains exceptional information regarding various diseases pathogenesis and its management, with reference to pediatric age group, which is not seen any of the other Ayurvedic literary works.

A sumptuous explanation of 15 type of Vasarpa (inflammatory skin diseases) etiology, pathogenesis and its management is explicatively explained in this book is its outstanding feature. Apart from this topic, various other disease pathogenesis and its management, such as rakta sthambha, kundalaka, sakha roha, nabhi roga etc. are explained in this work . This is another special feature not seen in any of the other Ayurvedic literary works present today. Another topic of special citation is that, is the lucid explanation on immunomodulatory methods followed in children, is explained under the topic as prakaradi yoga, is a specially of this book. Aside from all the above, Arogya raksha kalpadruma explains the innards of all the eight specially divisions of Ayurveda.

On rummaging the heirloom of Kerala's splendid Ayurvedic pediatric health care treasures, one can find, Arogya raksha kalpadruma, is the bible of the ancient Ayurvedic pediatric health care wisdom of Kerala.

 

Introduction

"Nidanemadhavah sresthah" - For diagnosis, madhava nidana in the best as has been envisaged by the scholars. Such great work Madhavanidana has been use for practical and research purposes by the students, practitioners and researchers since its publication. Madhavakara has taken lot of pains to compile the concerned material from various sources like Caraka samhita, Susruta samhita, Astanga sangraha and Astangas hrdaya. That apart, he has composed verses out of his own experience by which he could add more value to his work. This work his deal exclusively with the diagnostic crieteria of diseases on Ayurvedic basis. Once the patient approaches the physician, the later should concentrate on fixing the diagnosis so as to give a pin pointed treatment to cure the disease. Though the material has been collected from Caraka samhita etc., the study of these works alone may not give such a clear picture of the disease. The arrangement of the subject material in Madhava nidana is so systematic that it can be understood by the physicians with the interlinking system of the diseases in a proper manner.

This work has attracted the attention of many a number of scholar from Ayurvedic field and also from the literature field. The first English translation was done by G. J. Mullenbeld, professor of Indology of Netherlands. It is purely on the literary view point and the language is so mechanical that the practitioners could not find it much useful. Prof. Srikanthamurthy of Bangalore has made a very good effort in translating this work into English. Now it is very popular work among English knowing enthusiasts of Ayurveda. But his translation is restricted to main text of Madhavanidana. The commentaries of Vijayaraksita and Srikantha datta aptly named as "madhukosa," meaning " Honeycomb" gives more clarity in the subject concern. Pt. Yadavji Trikamji Acharya himself wondered to see the reference of many unseen works of Ayurveda mentioned in this commentary. One should carefully go through the commentary without getting confused by honey -bee like language used in it and get the honey -Like knowledge. It is felt necessary to take -up the translation of the commentary also so as to make the English knowing zealots to enjoy the crux of the subject. There is no doubt that no translation can match the original text in expression but a sincere effort is made in the following pages to explore the intricacy of the subject in English. This venture has been encouraged by the renowned publishers, Chowkhamba Sanskrit Series office, Varanasi after they published my translation on "Sarngadhara samhita" which had gained popularity among the students and scholars of Ayurveda. I appeal to the learned that this may kindly be accepted and suggest about draw backs if any, which can be rectified in future editions. At present a part of this text, i.e., from chapter 1-32 are being presented.

 

Back of the Book

About the Book

Madhavanidanam of Sri Madhavakara with Madhukosa commentary of Vijayaraksita and Srikanthadatta Part -I (1-32 Chapters) is translated into English by Dr. P. Himasagara Chandra Murthy a reputed academician in the field of Ayurveda. The subject is presented in call clarity and simplicity to make this work understandable and adoptable to the English - knowing zealots of Ayurveda. The text, as such, is louded for bringing together, vast subject of Ayurvedic diagnostics and presenting in a lucid manner. This translation will take it to the universal level making the work more worthy and useful to the medical field. In fact the expensive diagnostic aspect can be avoided effectively by following the principles laid down in this text.

The addition of Sanskrit- English glossary adds to the utility of this work making it a monumental one. The students, researchers and practitioners will find this as a must for their ready reference at every step. The Chaukhamba Sanskrit Series Office, the publishers have made a worthy attempt in publishing this translation. The author, who has already proved his mite through his translation of Sarandadhara Samhita, deserves all the commendation for his skills in translation and presentation.

 

About the Author

Hails from a Traditional Ayurvedic family, Dr. P. Himasagara Chandra Murthy has possessed his BAM & S from Sri Rangacharya Govt. Ayurvedic College, Guntur, A. P. and M.D. (Ayurveda) from Gujarat Ayurved University, Jamnagar. He started his career as a teacher in 1979 at B. H. Ayurveda Mahavidyalaya, Lodra. Gujarat and within short period he shifted to the Ayurveda College, Coimbatore, Tamilnadu, Where he rose to the position of a Principal within 5 Years. Since 1989 he is in the faculty of Govt. Ayurvedic College, Vijayawada. A. P. He is now a Gazetted Lecturer in the P. G. Department of Rasashastra and incharge professor and head of the same Department in Vijayawada. He is awarded with the " Caption Srinivasda Murthy Gold Medal" for his excellence in finding metallic impurities in Mercury through Namburi Phased Spot Test (NPST). Though he has specialized in Rasashastra, Dr. Murthy has equal proficiency in samhitas, which he taught for about 10 years and also translated Nidana, Vimana and Sharira sthanas of Charaka Samhita along with Chakrapani Commentary into Telugu. His English translation of Sarngadhara Samhita has become famous for its lucid presentation. Dr. Murthy has, to his credit, many research projects and presentations. He has also been a member in various Universities for studies and Examinations.

Contents
I Invocation 1
  Pancanidana laksana- On five diagnostic principles 1
  Nidana- The etiology 7
  Purvarupa- Premonitory symptoms 14
  Rupa-The symptomatology 17
  Upasaya- The positive trail 19
  Samprapti- The pathogenesis 25
II Jvaranidanam ( Diagnosis of fever) 37
  Common symptomatology of fever 41
  Prodomata of fever 42
  Signs and symptoms of Vata type of fever 44
  Signs and symptoms of Pitta type of fever 45
  Signs and symptoms of Kapha type of fever 47
  Signs and symptoms of Vata-pitta type of fever 48
  Signs and symptoms of Vita-slesma type of fever 49
  Signs and symptoms of Slesma- pitta type of fever 49
  Signs and symptoms of Sannipata fever 50
  Prognosis of Sannipata fever 56
  Agantu (fever caused by extrinsic factors) 57
  Onset of Visama jvara (irregular fever) 60
  Dhatu- relationship of irregular fever 61
  Time of bouts of irregular fever 62
  Caturthaka viparyaya (reversal quartan) fever 66
  Vatabalasaka fever 68
  Pralepaka fever 69
  Fevers where half of the body is afflicted by temperature 69
  Sitapurva(Starting with cold) dahapurva (starting with burning sensation) fevers 70
  Dhatu based fevers 72
  Prakrta and Vaikrta fevers 74
  Internal and external fevers 77
  Ama ( undigested) Pacyamana (digesting) and Nirama (digested) fevers 78
  Curability of fever 81
  Incurability of fever 81
  Premonitory symptoms of relief of fever 85
  Signs and symptoms on relief of fever 86
III Atisaranidanam (Diagnosis of diarrhoea) 88
  Pathogenesis of diarrhoea 89
  Prodromata of diarrhoea 91
  Vata type of diarrhoea 91
  Pitta type of diarrhoea 92
  Slesma type of diarrhoea 92
  Diarrhoea of Dosa-triad 92
  Diarrhoea due to grief 93
  Diarrhoea due to Atma(undigested stuff) 94
  Characteristics of Ama-afflicted feaces and those of non- afflicted one 94
  Incurable diarrhoea 95
  Pravahika (dysentery) 97
  Varieties of Pravahika 97
  Symptoms of cure of diarrhoea 98
IV Grahaniroganidanam(Diagnosis of sprue) 100
  Purvarupa of Grahani 101
  Aetiology, pathogenesis and symptomatology of Vata type of Grahaniroga 101
  Pitta type of Grahaniroga 103
  Kapha type of Grahaniroga 103
  Sannipatagrahaniroga( Sprue caused by all three of Dasas) 104
  Sangrahagrahani and Ghatiyantragrahani 105
  Prognosis of Grahaniroga 105
V Arsonidanam (Diagnosis of piles) 107
  Samprapti (pathogenesis) of Arsa (piles) 108
  The aetiology of Vata types of piles 108
  Aetiology of pitta type of piles 109
  Aetiology of Kapha type of piles 109
  Aetiology of piles of dual Dosa affliction 110
  Aetiology of piles of three Dosa affliction 110
  Symptomatology of Vata type of piles 111
  Symptomatology of Pitta type of piles 112
  Symptomatology of Slesma type of piles 113
  Symptomatology of Sannipata (tridosa) and Sahaja (congenital) piles 114
  Symptomatology of Raktarsas (bleeding piles) 114
  Association of Vata and Kapha in bleeding piles 115
  Premonitory symptoms of Arsas (piles) 116
  The role of piles in troubling the whole body 117
  Prognosis of the disease of piles 118
  Complications of the piles- disease 119
  The muscular spourts occurring in places other than the anus 120
  Carmakila(wart) 120
VI Agnimandya, Ajirna, Visucika, Alasaka, Vilambika Nidanam (Diagnosis of decreased appetite, indigestion and related diseases) 121
  Varieties of indigestion 122
  Aetiology/causative factors of Ajirna (indigestion) 124
  Symptomatology of Ajirna 125
  Complications of indigestion 126
  Over- eating leads to indigestion 126
  Visuci (gastro-enteritis) 127
  Symptomatology of visuci 127
  Alasaka(lethargy of food) 128
  Vilambika 128
  Role of Ama (unripe or undigested stuff) in causing diseases 129
  Incurability of Visuci and Alasaka 129
  Signs of relief of indigestion, complications of Visuci and significance of tackling indigestion and symptomatology of common indigestion 130
VII Kriminidanam (Diagnosis of worm-infestation) 131
  The external worms 131
  Aetiology of worm- infestation 132
  Aetiology of worm- infestation basing on the origin 132
  Symptomatology of worm-infestation 133
  The features of worms of Kapha origin 133
  the features of worms of Rakta origin 134
  Worms of purisa (faeces) origin 134
VIII Pandu, Kamala, Kumbhakamala and Halimaka (Diagnosis of anaemia, jaundice and advanced stages of jaundice) 136
  Aetiology of Pandu(anaemia) 137
  Premonitary symptoms of Pandu 137
  Signs and symptoms of Vata type of anaemia 137
  Signs and symptoms of Pitta type of anaemia 138
  Signs and symptoms of Kapha type of anaemia 138
  Signs and symptoms of Sannipata type of Pandu 138
  Samprapti (pathogenesis) of Pandu caused by eating soil 139
  Symptomatology of Pandu caused by eating soil 139
  Prognosis of Pandu 140
  Kamala jaundice 141
  Kumbhakamala (Advanced stage of jaundice) 142
  Prognosis of kamala (jaundice) 143
  Prognosis of Kumbhakamala 143
  Halimaka (The advanced stage of Pandu) 143
  Panaki 143
IX Raktapittanidana(Diagnosis of haemorrhagic disease) 145
  Premonitary symptoms of Raktapitta 146
  Slesma type of Raktapitta 146
  Vata type of Raktapitta 146
  Pitta type of Raktapitta 146
  Dosa relation in Raktapitta 148
  Prognosis of Raktapitta 148
  Curability of Raktapitta 148
  Curability of Raktapitta as per Dosa involvement 149
  Complications of Raktapitta 149
  Incurability of Raktapitta 150
X Rajayaksma-Ksataksina Nidana (Diagnosis of consumption-emaciation) 152
  Pathogenesis of Rajayaksma 153
  Prodromata of consumption 154
  Symptomatology of consumption 155
  Six features of consumption 156
  Prognosis of consumption 158
  Curability of consumption 158
  The two types of consumption 159
  consumption caused by grief 159
  Consumption caused by senility 160
  Consumption caused by excessive walking 160
  Consumption caused by strenuous exercise 161
  Incurability of consumption occurring to the wounded 161
  Urahksata (traumatic chest) 162
  Prodromata of traumatic chest 162
  The Symptomatology of emaciation due to traumatic chest (Ksataksina) 164
  Prognosis of Ksataksina (emaciation due to traumatic chest) 164
XI Kasanidanam (Diagnosis of couch) 165
  Varieties of Kasa 166
  Prodromata of Kasa 166
  Vata type of Kasa (cough) 166
  Pitta type of cough 166
  Ksatakasa (cough due to traumatic chest) 166
  Ksayajakasa (cough due to pthisis) 168
  Curability and incurability of Kasa (cough) 168
XII Hikkasvasanidana (Diagnosis of hiccup and dyspnoea) 170
  Main feature of hiccup 171
  Pathogenesis and varieties of hiccup 171
  Prodromata of hiccup 171
  Annaja type of hiccup 172
  Yamala hikka (dual hiccup) 172
  Ksudra hikka (minor hiccup) 172
  Gambhira hikka (deep hiccup) 173
  Mahati hikka (big hiccup) 173
  Incurability of hiccup 173
  Varieties of Svasa (dyspnoea) 174
  Prodromata and pathogenesis of dyspnoea 175
  Mahasvasa (great dyspnoea) 175
  Urdhvasvasa (upward dyspnoea) 176
  Tamakasvasa (bronchial asthma) 177
  Pratamaka and santamaka svasa 177
  Ksudrasvasa (mild dyspoea 179
XIII Svarabhedanidanam(Diagnosis of disturbed voice) 181
  Vata type of svarabheda 181
  Pitta type of Svarabheda 182
  Kapha type of Svarabheda 182
  Sannipata type of Svarabheda 182
  Svarabheda caused by Ksaya (consumption) 183
  Svarabheda caused by Medas (fat) 183
  Incurability of Svarabheda 184
XIV Arocakanidanam(Diagnosis of anorexia) 185
  Vata type of Arocaka 185
  Pitta type of Arocaka 185
  Kapha type of Arocaka 186
  Agantu type of Arocaka 186
  Tridosa type of Arocaka 187
  Specific symptomatology of Arocaka 187
XV Chardinidanai (Diagnosis of vomiting) 189
  Definition and aetiology of Chardi (vomiting) 189
  Prodromata of Chardi 189
  Vata type of Chardi 190
  Pitta type of Chardi 190
  Kapha type of Chardi 191
  Tridosa type of Chardi 191
  Incurability of Chardi 191
  Agantu (sudden) type of Chardi 192
  Chardi caused by Krimi (worm-infestation) 193
  Incurability of Chardi 193
  Complications of Chardi 193
XVI Trsnanidana (Diagnosis of thirst) 194
  Nidana (aetiology)Samprapti (pathogenesis) and Bheda (varieties) of Trsna (thirst) 194
  Vata type of Trsna 195
  Pitta type of Trsna 195
  Kapha type of Trsna 196
  Trsna due to injury 197
  Trsna due to Ksaya (emaciation) 197
  Trsna caused by Ama (undigested stuff) 197
  Bhaktodbhava Trsna-Thirst caused by eating certain foods 198
  Upasargaja Trsna(Thirst caused as a complication to some other disease) 198
  Incurability of Trsna 199
XVII Murccha- Bhrma- Nidra- Tandra- Sanyasa Nidana (Diagnosis of syncope, giddiness, sleep, dizziness and coma) 200
  Prodromata of murccha 201
  Vata type of murccha 201
  Pitta type of murccha 202
  Kapha type of murccha 202
  Sannipata (tridosa) type of murccha 202
  Raktaja murccha(syncope caused by smelling blood) 203
  Murccha caused by Visa (poison) and Madya (alcohol) 204
  The features of Murccha of Rakta (blood) Madya (alcohol) and Visa (poison) 205
  The factors involved in causing Murccha, Bhrama, Tandra and Nidra 205
  The features of Tandra 206
  Difference between Murccha and Sannyasa 206
  Features of Sannyasa 206
XVIII Panatyaya, Panajirna, Panavibhramanidana (Diagnosis of various stages of alcoholic intoxication) 208
  Cause of Intoxication 208
  Good and bad effects of Madya ect. 208
  The benefit of using Madya in a specific method 209
  Signs and symptoms of Prathamamada (Primary intoxication) 210
  Madhyama mada (Secondary or medium intoxication) 211
  Trtiya mada (Third stage of intoxication) 211
  Caturtha mada (Fourth stage of intoxication) 212
  Some more irregularities in consuming alcohol and the effect 213
  Diseases caused by irregular alcoholism 214
  Madatyaya (Panatyaya) or excessive intoxication 214
  Paramada (ultimate intoxication) 215
  Panavibhrama 215
  Incurability of intoxication 216
  Complications of intoxication 216
XIX Dahanidana (Diagnosis of burning sensation) 218
  Raktaja type of Daha 218
  Pitta type of Daha 218
  Trsna nirodhaja Daha 219
  Daha caused by internal bleeding 219
  Daha due to Dhatuksaya (depletion of bodily tissues) 219
  Daha due injury 220
  Daha due to injury to the Marma (vital parts) 220
XX Unmadanidana (Diagnosis of insanity) 221
  Varieties of Unmala (insanity) 221
  Common aetiology of Unmada (insanity) 222
  Samprapti (pathogenesis) of Unmada (insanity) 222
  Common symptomatology of Unmada 223
  Vata type of Unmada 223
  Pitta type of Unmada 224
  Kapha type of Unmada 224
  Sannipata type of Unmada 225
  Sokaja Unmada ( insanity caused by grief) 226
  Visaja Unmada (insanity caused by poison) 226
  Incurability of Unmada 227
  Unmada caused by supernatural powers 227
  Unmada caused by Deva (gods) 228
  Unmada caused by Devasatru (enemies of God-demons) 228
  Gandhrvagraha- affliction 228
  Yaksagraha- affliction 229
  Pitrgraha- affliction 229
  Nagagraha- affliction 229
  Raksaksa-affliction 230
  Pisaca-affliction 230
  Incurability of Unmada 230
  The time of affliction 231
  The invisibility of afflicting Grahas 231
  The affliction- relation of human- being and supernatural powers 231
XXI Apasmara Nidana (Diagnosis of epilepsy) 233
  Prodromata of Apasmara 233
  Vata type of Apasmara 234
  Pitta type of Apasmara 234
  Kapha type of Apasmara 234
  Sannipata type of Apasmara and incurability 235
  Periodicity of the bouts of Apasmara 235
XXII Vatavyadhi Nidana (Diagnosis of Vata- disorders) 237
  Purvarupa (prodromata) 239
  Various ailments caused by Vata 239
  Kosthasrta Vata laksana (symptomatology of Vata when situated in the Guda and Amasaya 241
  Signs and symptoms caused by Vata seated in the intestines 241
  Signs and symptoms of Vata seated in the skin 242
  Signs and symptoms of Vata getting into Asrk (blood) 242
  Signs and Symptoms which occur when Vata reaches mamsa and medas, Majja and Asthi 243
  Features of vitiated Vata when it reaches Sukra (semen) 243
  Siragata Vata (Vata seated in the veins) 243
  Snayugata Vata (Vata seated in the ligaments) 244
  Sandhigatavata (Arthritis) 244
  Signs and symptoms when Pitta and Kapha individually make Avarana (covering) on each of the five types of Vata 244
  General features of Aksepaka (convulsions) 245
  Apatantraka and Apatamaka 246
  Dandapatanaka (plenostuotonos) 247
  Dhanustambha (tetanus) 247
  Incurability of apatanaka 249
  Paksavadha (haemiplegia) 249
  Association of Pitta and Kapha in Paksavadha and the pregnosis of this disease 250
  Arditavata (facial paralysis/bell's palsy) 250
  Incurability of Arditavata 251
  The temporary relief in convulsions 252
  Hanugraha (lock-jaw) 252
  Manyastambha (torticollis/dry neck) 253
  Siragraha 253
  Grdhrasi (sciatica) 253
  Visvaci (radio- ulnar paralysis) 254
  Krostukasirsa (inflamed knee) 255
  Khanja (limp/monoplegia) and Pangu (paraplegia) 255
  Kalayakhanja (lathyrism) 256
  Vatakantaka(ankle sprain) 256
  Padadaha (burning feet) 257
  Padaharsa (horipplation of the feet) 257
  Amasosa 257
  Avabahuka 257
  Muka, Minmina, Gadgada (dumbness etc.) 258
  Tuni 258
  Pratituni 259
  Asthila 259
  Hinderance of urination due to disturbance of Vata 260
  Kampavata(shaking palsy) 260
  Khallivata 261
  Urdhva Vata 261
  Knowing the remaining Vata disorders 261
  Curability and incurability of Vata disorders 261
  Upadrava (complications )of Vata disorders 262
  Normalcy of Vata 262
XXIII Vataraktanidanam (Diagnosis of gout) 264
  Aetiology of Vatarakta (gout) 264
  Samprapti (pathogenesis) of Vatarakta 265
  Purvarupa (premonitory symptoms)) 265
  Symptomatology of Vatarakta, Dosa-wise 266
  The process of spreading of Vatarakta 267
  Prognosis of Vatarakta 267
XXIV Urustambhanidanam (Diagnosis of rigidity of the thighs) 269
  Aetiology and pathogenesis of Urustambha 269
  Purvarupa (prodromata), Anupasaya (negative trail treatment) and Sadhyasadhyata (prognosis) of Urustambha (rigidity of thighs) 270
XXV Amavatanidana (Diagnosis of rheumatoid arthrities) 272
  General symptomatology of Amavata 273
  Advanced stage of Amavata 273
  Specific features of Amavata when it is associated with Pitta, Vata and Kapha 274
  Prognosis Amavata 274
XXVI Sula, Parinamasulannadravasulanidana (Diagnosis of abdominal colic, peptic ulcer and gastric ulcer) 275
  Number of Sulas (colic) 275
  Vata type of Sula 275
  Pitta type of Sula 276
  Slesma type of Sula 277
  Tridosa Sula and Amasula 278
  Sula caused by two Dosa combinations 278
  Prognosis of Sula 279
  Parinama Sula (peptic ulcer) 279
  Dosa-based symptomatology of Parinamasula 280
  Annadrava Sula 280
XXVII Udavartanahanidanam (Diagnosis of bloating of abdomen and chronic constipation) 282
  Signs and symptoms caused by suppression of fast etc. 282
  Udavarta caused by aggravation of vata 284
  Anaha (flatulence) 285
XXVIII Gulmanidanam (Diagnosis of abdominal tumour) 287
  Definition of Gulma 287
  The type of Gulma 288
  Premonitary symptoms of Gulma 289
  General symptomatology of Gulma 290
  Vata type of Gulma 290
  Pitta type of Gulma 291
  Kapha type of Gulma 291
  Involvement of Dosa-due in causing Gulma 292
  Sannipata gulma 292
  Raktagulma 293
  Incurability of Gulma 295
XXIX Hrdroganidana (Diagnosis of heart- disease) 297
  Pathogenesis and main feature of heart- disease 297
  Vata type of Hrdroga 297
  Pitta type of Hrdroga 298
  Kapha type of Hrdroga 298
  Sannipata and Krimi types of Hrdroga 298
  Upadravah (complications) of Hrdroga (heart disease) 300
XXX Mutrakrcchranidana (Diagnosis of dysuria- difficulty in urination) 301
  Nidana and Samprati (aetiology and pathogenesis) of Mutrakrcchra 302
  Dosa-wise signs and symptoms of Mutrakrcchra 302
  Similarity and contrast between Asmari varieties 302
XXXI Mutraghatanidana (Diagnosis of obstructed micturition) 304
  Enumeration of Mutraghata Varieties 304
  Vatakundalika (spasmodic stricture) 304
  Asthila 305
  Vatabasti (retention of urine) 305
  Mutratita (incontinence of urine) 305
  Mutrajathara(distended bladder) 305
  Mutrotsanga (stricture of urethra) 306
  Mutraksaya (suppression of urine) 306
  Mutragranthi (tumour of the bladder) 306
  Mutrasukra (spermaturia) 307
  Usnavata (haematuria) 307
  Mutrasada (scanty urination) 308
  Vidvigraha (recto- vesical fistula) 308
  Vastikundala(atony of the bladder) 308
  Dosa-wise symptomatology of Vastikundala 307
  Prognosis of Vastikundala 309
  Features of Kundala 309
XXXII Asmarinidana (Diagnosis of urinary calculus) 311
  Purvarupa (prodromata) 311
  Common symptomatology of Asmari 312
  Vata type of Asmari 312
  Pitta type of Asmari 313
  Kapha type of Asmari 313
  Curability of Asmari 313
  Sukrasmari (calculus by holding semen) 314
  Sarkara (sandy urination) 314
  Transformation of Asmari into Sarkara 315
  Incurability of Asmari 316
Glossary Sanskrit English 316

 













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Excellent products and efficient delivery.
R. Maharaj, Trinidad and Tobago
Aloha Vipin, The books arrived today in Hawaii -- so fast! Thank you very much for your efficient service. I'll tell my friends about your company.
Linda, Hawaii
Thank you for all of your continued great service. We love doing business with your company especially because of its amazing selections of books to study. Thank you again.
M. Perry, USA
Kali arrived safely—And She’s amazing! Thank you so much.
D. Grenn, USA
A wonderful Thangka arrived. I am looking forward to trade with your store again.
Hideo Waseda, Japan
Thanks. Finally I could find that wonderful book. I love India , it's Yoga, it's culture. Thanks
Ana, USA
Good to be back! Timeless classics available only here, indeed.
Allison, USA
I am so glad I came across your website! Oceans of Grace.
Aimee, USA
I got the book today, and I appreciate the excellent service. I am 82, and I am trying to learn Sanskrit till I can speak and write well in this superb language.
Dr. Sundararajan
Wonderful service and excellent items. Always sent safely and arrive in good order. Very happy with firm.
Dr. Janice, Australia
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