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Medicine and the Raj: British Medical Policy in India 1835-1911

Medicine and the Raj: British Medical Policy in India 1835-1911
$39.50
Item Code: IDE619
Author: Anil Kumar
Publisher: Sage Publications India Pvt. Ltd.
Edition: 1998
ISBN: 8170366879
Pages: 246
Cover: Hardcover
Other Details: 8.8" X 5.8"
weight of the book: 422 gms
From the Jacket:

The coming of the British in India marked the entry of 'modern' science and technology in the country and the beginning of the subjugation of traditional scientific systems. The British, in fact, used science and technology as a tool for maintaining and expanding the Empire. Again this background, Dr. Anil Kumar unravels the political linkages and sociological interactions between Western medical science and the British Empire, focusing on the period 1835-1911.

The author traces the introduction and spread of medical education including the dissemination of homeopathy, and examines the underlying imperial motives and expediencies. He discusses various issues such as the nature and growth of the hospital system and pharmacies; the various kinds of medical services which were set up in India to cater to the needs of the imperial masters; the racial discrimination practiced against Indians in various spheres and the crucial question of the Indianization of the medical services.

Based on this analysis, Dr. Kumar demonstrates that British medical policy in India was clearly subservient to the politico-military needs of the Empire and that it was another tool of economic imperialism. This is evident from the neglect of medical research, the inadequate provision of hospital facilities, the lackadaisical attitude towards pharmacies and drug manufacturing, and, above all, the unabated recurrence of epidemics throughout the nineteenth century.

In conclusion, the author provides a contemporary critique of the imperialist - nationalist debate on research in medicine as also outlines the course of action the British ought to have taken to ameliorate suffering in India. With its broad sweep, this book will interest historians, political scientists, sociologists, and those involved in studying the interface between science, technology and society.

About the Author:

Anil Kumar is a Reader in the Department of History at Satyawati College, Delhi University.

CONTENTS

List of Abbreviations9
Preface10
Acknowledgements15
1. Medical Science and Education in Colonial India
Hesitant Steps: The First Medical School
New Openings and the Warm Response
Class CompositionMedical Education in Madras
Medical Education in Bombay
Medical Education in the Punjab
Growth of Medical Schools in India
Medical Education in the Princely States
Medical Education of Women in India
Introduction and Spread of Homeopathy in India
Traditional Medicine and Its Crisis of Confidence
Reflections
17
2. Growth of Hospitals and Pharmacy in India
Growth of Hospitals in Madras
Growth of Hospital in Bombay
Growth of Hospital in Bengal
Role of the Missionaries
General Features
Lock-Hospitals
Progress of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Industry
88
3. Colonial Medical Services
Evolution of the IMS
Indian Medical Service (Covenanted)
Non-professional Works of the IMS
Professional Works of the IMS
Achievements of the IMS
AMD and RAMC Service
Organization of the Apex Medical Administration
Uncovenanted Medical Service
The Subordinate Medical Department
Racial Discrimination and Indianization
126
4. Disease and Medical Research
Smallpox
Cholera
Malaria
Plague
Contemporary Critique
159
5. Conclusion216
Bibliography228
Index240

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