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Books > Yoga > Meditation > Meditation: Mind and Patanjali's Yoga
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Meditation: Mind and Patanjali's Yoga
Meditation: Mind and Patanjali's Yoga
Description

brief_comments

Reviews:

An Important characteristic of the author is his ability to analyze a subject from all points of view, all possibilities, never having a partial unilateral vision. He always searches for the deepest and the most correct meaning. To have this broader enlightened view from one of the most important ancient subjects of Indian Philosophy is a reward to everyone who will have the opportunity to read this book.

- Suzana de Albuquerque Paiva, Jungian Psychologist chief of the Department of Psychology at the Hospital Prontocor Professor in Faculty of Human Sciences Fundacao Mineira de Educacao e Cultura Belo Horizonte, Barasil

Swami Bhaskarnanda has developed a good rapport with Western ideation; he has explained Patanjali in terms which can be easily understood and has done it well.

By helping to bring the wisdom of the East to the West the Swami provides a fertile basis for the genesis of ideas. This book should be of great interest to a very wide readership.

-Dr. David Longaden, Ma, MB, B. Chir, (cantab.), DPM, FLCOM, Dorset, England.

I have gone through Swami Bhaskarananda's book, Meditation, mind and Patanjali's Yoga. The manuscript is wonderful. Very clear and very very well presented. I thoroughly enjoyed it. I myself would buy it and would recommend it to my students too.

Prof. John Grimes Dept of Religious Studies Michigan State University

The Book provides a clear, interesting, and comprehensive survey of the Yoga system, from ethics to meditation. Not only does it competently summarize Patanjali's Yoga Sutras, it explains in detail the basic concepts of Sumkhya philosophy, particularly the three gunas, and the fundamentals of Kundalini yoga, most notably the seven Chakras. Examples of Yogic practice are given from the experiences of Swami Bhaskarananda, supplemented with stories from the lives of Sri Ramakrishna and other Hindu saints. This book provides a gentle introduction to the spirituality of India in a Manner accessible to everyone, regardless of ethnicity or religious background. It has been a pleasure and inspiration to read this book!

Christopher Key Chapple Professor of Theological Studies Director, Asian and Pacific Studies Loyola Marymount University

It is a wonderfully rich and mature treatise on meditation and growth in the spiritual life, with many fine observations which should help beginners-and more advanced practitioners as well-to advance along the spiritual path. It is not only a clear exposition of yoga, but it is also a book about integral spiritual development which is reasonably will attuned to life in America today. It deserves serious notice and wide reading.

He speaks from a tradition with good common sense and a sense of rooted-ness. It is a strength of the book that it is focused concisely on Yoga and Yoga works.

Francis X. Clooney, S.j. Professor of Theology Boston College.

 

CONTENTS

 

  List of Illustrations and diagrams xiii
  Preface xv
  Pronunciation Guide xvii
  INTRODUCTION

 

1
I WHY WE SHOULD MEDITATE 5
  The highest goal of meditation is God-Realization or experiencing the Ultimate Truth 7
  Methods of God-realization-the four Yogas 12
II TEACHER AND STUDENT RELATIONSHIP 15
  Why we need a teacher 15
  The difficulty of finding a competent teacher and avoiding spurious ones 16
  Characteristics of genuine spiritual teachers 20
  Some tactics of fake spiritual teachers 30
  What happens when a sincere spiritual seeker becomes a victim of a false teacher? 35
  Sharaddha-a necessary ingredient of student life 36
III STEPS TO YOGA 37
  Patanjali's eight-step discipline to Yoga 37
IV YAMA 39
  1. Non-Killing 39
  2. Truthfulness 41
  3. Non-Stealing 45
  4. Celibacy 46
  Celibacy for monastics 46
  Celibacy for married people 47
  Other benefits of celibacy 47
  Society and the practice of celibacy 49
  Lustfulness and its varieties 49
  Why lustfulness is harmful for spiritual life 50
  5. Nonacceptance of unnecessary gifts 52
V NIYAMA 53
  1. Keeping the body and mind clean 53
  Pure mind-and how to acquire it 53
  The three Gunas 54
  The Gunas can only be known indirectly 54
  Characteristics of the Gunas 54
  The Gunas constitute the entire cosmos 56
  Sattwa Guna is essential for purity of mind 56
  Smskaras or impressions of past thoughts 57
  How to eliminate Samskaras 57
  A pure mind enables us to experience God 60
  Maintaining physical cleanliness 61
  2. Being content with the bare necessities of life 63
  3. Getting used to physical and mental austerities 64
  4. Regular study of the scriptures and chanting the holy name of God (Swadhyaya) 65
  5. The practice of surrendering to God (Ishwara-pranidhana) 65
VI ASANA 69
VII PRANAYAMA 73
  What is Pranayama? 73
  Dangers associated with the practice of Pranayama 73
  Necessary qualifications for a student of Pranayama 75
  True meaning of the word Pranayama 76
  A safer alternative to the practice of Pranayama 78
VIII PRATYAHARA 79
IX DHARANA 81
  Dharana matures into Dhyana, and Dhyana into Samadhi 83
X DHYANA 85
  Meditation is guided imagination of the real 86
  What we meditate on, we become 88
  Some lessons on meditation (Dhyana) 89
  Where to meditate 90
  What is the best time for meditation? 91
  Words of caution 92
  Preparation for meditation 93
  How to start your meditation 94
  Meditations according to Raja Yoga 94
  First meditation 94
  Second meditation 94
  Third meditation 94
  Forth meditation 95
  Meditation according to Bhakti Yoga 95
  Meditation according to Jnana Yoga 96
  General points about all meditation techniques 96
XI OBSTACLES TO MEDITATION 97
  Obstacles mentioned in Vedantasara 97
  1. Sleep (Laya) 97
  2. Wandering of the mind (Vikshepa) 98
  3. Reluctance to practice meditation (Kashaya) 99
  4. Getting stuck in an intermediate joyful spiritual experience (Rasa-Swada) 100
  Nine obstacles mentioned by Patanjali 102
  1. Disease (Vyadhi) 103
  2. Lack of interest (Stayana) 103
  3. Doubt (Samshaya) 103
  4. Delusion (Pramada) 104
  5. Lethargy (Alasya) 105
  6. Reluctance to give up sense pleasures (Avirati) 105
  7. Erroneous conception (Bhranti-darshana) 105
  8. Non-attainment of any level of concentration (Alabdha-bhumikatwau) 106
  9. Inability to retain a level of concentration once attained (Anavasthitatwa) 106
  Five more subtle obstacles recognized by Patanjali 106
  1. Ignorance of one's inherent divine nature (Avidya) 106
  2. Egoism (Asmita) 107
  3. Attachment (Raga) 108
  4. Aversion (Dwesha) 108
  5. Clinging to life (Abhinivesha) 110
  Other obstacles experienced by spiritual aspirants 112
  1. Temptation 112
  2. Intense fear (Bhaya-bhairava) 112
  Four physical and mental disturbances caused by an unconcentrated mind 113
  1. Grief (Duhkha) 113
  2. Despair (Daurmanasya) 114
  3. Involuntary nervous trembling of the body (Anga-mejayatwa) 114
  4. Irregular breathing (Shwasa-prashwasa-vikeshepa) 114
XII HAZARDS IN MEDITATION 115
  Dangers caused by the keen mind of an advanced student of meditation 115
  The danger of being critical of other 116
  Craving praise & appreciation can be a hazard 117
  The hazards of supernatural powers gained through the practice of meditation 119
XIII KUNDALINI POWER AND THE SIX CHAKRAS 123
XIV THE SANKHYA THEORY OF CREATION 129
XV SAMADHI 137
  Samprajanata Samadhi 137
  1. Savitarka Samadhi 137
  2. Nirvitarka Samadhi 139
  3. Savichara Samadhi 142
  4. Nirvichara Samadhi 142
  5. Sananda Samadhi 142
  6. Asmita Samadhi 143
  Asamprajanta Samadhi 143
XVI WHAT HAPPENS AFTER SAMADHI? 149
  Different spiritual levels according to various Yoga sources 149
  Only divine Incarnation can awake from Turyaga Samadhi 155
  Recent examples of genuine saints and godmen who have had Samadhi 155
  Shri Trailanga Swami (c 1737-1887) 157
  Shri Ramakrishna (1836-1886) 157
  Shri Ramana Maharshi (1880-1949) 159
  How a Yogi's mind, dissolved in Brahman, can be brought back to the awareness of the world 161
  The behavior of a knower of Brahman after Samadhi 163
XVII JAPA 167
  The benefits of Japa 167
  Three main techniques of Japa 168
  Four other techniques of Japa 169
  Bija-Mantra 170
  Siddha-Mantra 170
  How Japa helps in gaining control over the mind 172
  How Japa purifies the mind 173
  The necessity for patience and steadfastness in the practice of Japa 174
  The technique of Spiritualizing secular activities 174
  Japa leads to Dhyana and Samadhi 175
  Japa is encouraged by Bhakti Yoga, Raja Yoga and Jnana Yoga 176
  Obstacles and problems encountered in the practice of Japa 176
  1. Boredom 176
  2. Wandering of the mind (Vikshepa) 177
  3. Sleep (Laya) 177
  4. Unwelcome thoughts arising in the mind 178
  5. Rejuvenated impressions of past thoughts (Samskaras) 182
     
XVIII JUDGING OUR WON SPIRITUAL PROGRESS 185
  The Gunas explain human behavior 186
  Signs and symptoms of genuine spiritual progress 187
  Ashta Sattwika Vikara 189
XIX STRESS RELIEF 193
  Understanding stress 193
  Desire causes stress 194
  A Yogic technique to relieve physical stress 196
  Techniques to reduce mental stress 197
  Managing stress through rational thinking 200
  Getting rid of stress through positive comparisons 202
  Managing stress through meditation 203
  Preparing for the worst and trying to prevent it from happening 203
XX CONCLUDING REMARKS 205
  APPENDIX A 209
  meditation, Samadhi, and enlightenment shown through pictures & sculpture  
  APPENDIX B 217
  Recommended reading  
  GLOSSARY 219
  INDEX 235
  About the Author 253

Sample Pages

















Meditation: Mind and Patanjali's Yoga

Item Code:
IDG623
Cover:
Paperback
Edition:
2008
Publisher:
ISBN:
8171209912
Language:
English
Size:
7.9" X 5.7"
Pages:
270
Other Details:
weight of book 325 gms
Price:
$13.00
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$10.40   Shipping Free
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brief_comments

Reviews:

An Important characteristic of the author is his ability to analyze a subject from all points of view, all possibilities, never having a partial unilateral vision. He always searches for the deepest and the most correct meaning. To have this broader enlightened view from one of the most important ancient subjects of Indian Philosophy is a reward to everyone who will have the opportunity to read this book.

- Suzana de Albuquerque Paiva, Jungian Psychologist chief of the Department of Psychology at the Hospital Prontocor Professor in Faculty of Human Sciences Fundacao Mineira de Educacao e Cultura Belo Horizonte, Barasil

Swami Bhaskarnanda has developed a good rapport with Western ideation; he has explained Patanjali in terms which can be easily understood and has done it well.

By helping to bring the wisdom of the East to the West the Swami provides a fertile basis for the genesis of ideas. This book should be of great interest to a very wide readership.

-Dr. David Longaden, Ma, MB, B. Chir, (cantab.), DPM, FLCOM, Dorset, England.

I have gone through Swami Bhaskarananda's book, Meditation, mind and Patanjali's Yoga. The manuscript is wonderful. Very clear and very very well presented. I thoroughly enjoyed it. I myself would buy it and would recommend it to my students too.

Prof. John Grimes Dept of Religious Studies Michigan State University

The Book provides a clear, interesting, and comprehensive survey of the Yoga system, from ethics to meditation. Not only does it competently summarize Patanjali's Yoga Sutras, it explains in detail the basic concepts of Sumkhya philosophy, particularly the three gunas, and the fundamentals of Kundalini yoga, most notably the seven Chakras. Examples of Yogic practice are given from the experiences of Swami Bhaskarananda, supplemented with stories from the lives of Sri Ramakrishna and other Hindu saints. This book provides a gentle introduction to the spirituality of India in a Manner accessible to everyone, regardless of ethnicity or religious background. It has been a pleasure and inspiration to read this book!

Christopher Key Chapple Professor of Theological Studies Director, Asian and Pacific Studies Loyola Marymount University

It is a wonderfully rich and mature treatise on meditation and growth in the spiritual life, with many fine observations which should help beginners-and more advanced practitioners as well-to advance along the spiritual path. It is not only a clear exposition of yoga, but it is also a book about integral spiritual development which is reasonably will attuned to life in America today. It deserves serious notice and wide reading.

He speaks from a tradition with good common sense and a sense of rooted-ness. It is a strength of the book that it is focused concisely on Yoga and Yoga works.

Francis X. Clooney, S.j. Professor of Theology Boston College.

 

CONTENTS

 

  List of Illustrations and diagrams xiii
  Preface xv
  Pronunciation Guide xvii
  INTRODUCTION

 

1
I WHY WE SHOULD MEDITATE 5
  The highest goal of meditation is God-Realization or experiencing the Ultimate Truth 7
  Methods of God-realization-the four Yogas 12
II TEACHER AND STUDENT RELATIONSHIP 15
  Why we need a teacher 15
  The difficulty of finding a competent teacher and avoiding spurious ones 16
  Characteristics of genuine spiritual teachers 20
  Some tactics of fake spiritual teachers 30
  What happens when a sincere spiritual seeker becomes a victim of a false teacher? 35
  Sharaddha-a necessary ingredient of student life 36
III STEPS TO YOGA 37
  Patanjali's eight-step discipline to Yoga 37
IV YAMA 39
  1. Non-Killing 39
  2. Truthfulness 41
  3. Non-Stealing 45
  4. Celibacy 46
  Celibacy for monastics 46
  Celibacy for married people 47
  Other benefits of celibacy 47
  Society and the practice of celibacy 49
  Lustfulness and its varieties 49
  Why lustfulness is harmful for spiritual life 50
  5. Nonacceptance of unnecessary gifts 52
V NIYAMA 53
  1. Keeping the body and mind clean 53
  Pure mind-and how to acquire it 53
  The three Gunas 54
  The Gunas can only be known indirectly 54
  Characteristics of the Gunas 54
  The Gunas constitute the entire cosmos 56
  Sattwa Guna is essential for purity of mind 56
  Smskaras or impressions of past thoughts 57
  How to eliminate Samskaras 57
  A pure mind enables us to experience God 60
  Maintaining physical cleanliness 61
  2. Being content with the bare necessities of life 63
  3. Getting used to physical and mental austerities 64
  4. Regular study of the scriptures and chanting the holy name of God (Swadhyaya) 65
  5. The practice of surrendering to God (Ishwara-pranidhana) 65
VI ASANA 69
VII PRANAYAMA 73
  What is Pranayama? 73
  Dangers associated with the practice of Pranayama 73
  Necessary qualifications for a student of Pranayama 75
  True meaning of the word Pranayama 76
  A safer alternative to the practice of Pranayama 78
VIII PRATYAHARA 79
IX DHARANA 81
  Dharana matures into Dhyana, and Dhyana into Samadhi 83
X DHYANA 85
  Meditation is guided imagination of the real 86
  What we meditate on, we become 88
  Some lessons on meditation (Dhyana) 89
  Where to meditate 90
  What is the best time for meditation? 91
  Words of caution 92
  Preparation for meditation 93
  How to start your meditation 94
  Meditations according to Raja Yoga 94
  First meditation 94
  Second meditation 94
  Third meditation 94
  Forth meditation 95
  Meditation according to Bhakti Yoga 95
  Meditation according to Jnana Yoga 96
  General points about all meditation techniques 96
XI OBSTACLES TO MEDITATION 97
  Obstacles mentioned in Vedantasara 97
  1. Sleep (Laya) 97
  2. Wandering of the mind (Vikshepa) 98
  3. Reluctance to practice meditation (Kashaya) 99
  4. Getting stuck in an intermediate joyful spiritual experience (Rasa-Swada) 100
  Nine obstacles mentioned by Patanjali 102
  1. Disease (Vyadhi) 103
  2. Lack of interest (Stayana) 103
  3. Doubt (Samshaya) 103
  4. Delusion (Pramada) 104
  5. Lethargy (Alasya) 105
  6. Reluctance to give up sense pleasures (Avirati) 105
  7. Erroneous conception (Bhranti-darshana) 105
  8. Non-attainment of any level of concentration (Alabdha-bhumikatwau) 106
  9. Inability to retain a level of concentration once attained (Anavasthitatwa) 106
  Five more subtle obstacles recognized by Patanjali 106
  1. Ignorance of one's inherent divine nature (Avidya) 106
  2. Egoism (Asmita) 107
  3. Attachment (Raga) 108
  4. Aversion (Dwesha) 108
  5. Clinging to life (Abhinivesha) 110
  Other obstacles experienced by spiritual aspirants 112
  1. Temptation 112
  2. Intense fear (Bhaya-bhairava) 112
  Four physical and mental disturbances caused by an unconcentrated mind 113
  1. Grief (Duhkha) 113
  2. Despair (Daurmanasya) 114
  3. Involuntary nervous trembling of the body (Anga-mejayatwa) 114
  4. Irregular breathing (Shwasa-prashwasa-vikeshepa) 114
XII HAZARDS IN MEDITATION 115
  Dangers caused by the keen mind of an advanced student of meditation 115
  The danger of being critical of other 116
  Craving praise & appreciation can be a hazard 117
  The hazards of supernatural powers gained through the practice of meditation 119
XIII KUNDALINI POWER AND THE SIX CHAKRAS 123
XIV THE SANKHYA THEORY OF CREATION 129
XV SAMADHI 137
  Samprajanata Samadhi 137
  1. Savitarka Samadhi 137
  2. Nirvitarka Samadhi 139
  3. Savichara Samadhi 142
  4. Nirvichara Samadhi 142
  5. Sananda Samadhi 142
  6. Asmita Samadhi 143
  Asamprajanta Samadhi 143
XVI WHAT HAPPENS AFTER SAMADHI? 149
  Different spiritual levels according to various Yoga sources 149
  Only divine Incarnation can awake from Turyaga Samadhi 155
  Recent examples of genuine saints and godmen who have had Samadhi 155
  Shri Trailanga Swami (c 1737-1887) 157
  Shri Ramakrishna (1836-1886) 157
  Shri Ramana Maharshi (1880-1949) 159
  How a Yogi's mind, dissolved in Brahman, can be brought back to the awareness of the world 161
  The behavior of a knower of Brahman after Samadhi 163
XVII JAPA 167
  The benefits of Japa 167
  Three main techniques of Japa 168
  Four other techniques of Japa 169
  Bija-Mantra 170
  Siddha-Mantra 170
  How Japa helps in gaining control over the mind 172
  How Japa purifies the mind 173
  The necessity for patience and steadfastness in the practice of Japa 174
  The technique of Spiritualizing secular activities 174
  Japa leads to Dhyana and Samadhi 175
  Japa is encouraged by Bhakti Yoga, Raja Yoga and Jnana Yoga 176
  Obstacles and problems encountered in the practice of Japa 176
  1. Boredom 176
  2. Wandering of the mind (Vikshepa) 177
  3. Sleep (Laya) 177
  4. Unwelcome thoughts arising in the mind 178
  5. Rejuvenated impressions of past thoughts (Samskaras) 182
     
XVIII JUDGING OUR WON SPIRITUAL PROGRESS 185
  The Gunas explain human behavior 186
  Signs and symptoms of genuine spiritual progress 187
  Ashta Sattwika Vikara 189
XIX STRESS RELIEF 193
  Understanding stress 193
  Desire causes stress 194
  A Yogic technique to relieve physical stress 196
  Techniques to reduce mental stress 197
  Managing stress through rational thinking 200
  Getting rid of stress through positive comparisons 202
  Managing stress through meditation 203
  Preparing for the worst and trying to prevent it from happening 203
XX CONCLUDING REMARKS 205
  APPENDIX A 209
  meditation, Samadhi, and enlightenment shown through pictures & sculpture  
  APPENDIX B 217
  Recommended reading  
  GLOSSARY 219
  INDEX 235
  About the Author 253

Sample Pages

















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