Kumarala Bhatta and his works:
Kumarila Bhatta of the 620-680 CE
Commented on both the Sutra and Bhasyas. His
works are Slokavartika (traditionally known
as "Tarkapada," or the "section of reasoning"
a Commentary in verses on Sabaraswami's
Commentary on the first pada of the first
chapter of (Panini Sutra), Tantravartlka
(Commentary in prose on Sabaraswami's
Commentary on Jaimini's Mimamsa Sutras,
from the second pada of the first chapter till
the eighth pada of third chapter) and the
Tuptika ("Short treatise" or a gloss on the
remaining nine chapters of (Panini's
Hermeneutics, poetics, jurisprudence,
and (arguably) historiography are the general
subjects in which we find the contribution of
Kumarila Bhatta, Svataha pramanya
"intrinsic reliability" of the Veda is one of the
chief doctrines of Kumarila Bhatta.
Present edition: Taking in view the need
of the present generation interested in the
study of Mimamsa text along with the Bhasyas
and Kumarila's commentaries, it is intended
to publish the text with all the commentaries
of Kumarila Bhatta at one place.
English Translation of the Sutra: In this
edition, a sincere attempt is made to present
an English translation of the Sutra alone, as
close to the original as possible, without
getting into the wild intricacies of the system.
At many places, where the earlier translations
are found very difficult to understand, the
gloss of Sabaraswamin and the commentaries
of Kumarila Bhatta are followed to give a
He was the Local Secretary of the 50th
session of All India Oriental Conference,
Nagpur that celebrated 100th year of AIOC in
2020. He got more than 110 books published
during the AIOC under the dynamic
leadership of the Vice Chancellor Prof.
Earlier he published Children literature in
Sanskrit in 23 volumes under the able
guidance of Prof. Pankaj Chande.
Prof. Penna was also the KKSU Nodal
Officer during the Indian Science Congress,
Mumbai Session, 2015. He worked as KKSU
Coordinator for UGC 12(b) Grant, NAAC
Accreditation for KKSU etc.
Prof. Penna visited the Netherlands and
was the member of team from the Government of India during the World Sanskrit
Conference, Vancouver, Canada in 2018.
He has been honored with many awards
such as Maharashtra Sanskrit sadhana
Puraskar, Somanath Trust Gold Medal, Pt.
Satawalekar Award, Maharashtra Sewasangh
Award and other.
Knower of as many as six languages,
including German, Prof. Penna is an acclaimed
scholar of Sankhya-Yoga, Advaita Vedanta,
Sahitya, Vyakarana and Nyaya and is
presently serving the Kavikulaguru Kalidas
Sanskrit University as the Dean, faculty of
Indian Religion, Philosophy and Culture and
also as the Director of Research and
The word Mimamsa, derived from the Sanskrit root,
Man to reflect or investigate (by the Panini sutra 3-1-6
) should be understood in the
sense of hermeneutical inquiry or a reflection, consideration,
profound thought, investigation, examination and
discussion. Mimamsa is. found in the Vedas itself in the
sense of a thought or an investigation. This Mimamsa Sastra
has the entire gamut of Vedic rituals (with all the subtleties)
for its subject.
As per the tradition, there is an order in obtaining the
First one should study the Vedic scriptures with a
Then he should inculcate a desire to know the meaning
of the Vedic sentences through the study of Mimamsa
Sastra, for the sake of Dharma.
He should not immediately enter into the married life
without studying the Mimamsa Sastra.
The Vedic commandment as lays stress
on studying the Veda scriptures thoroughly, in order to
interpret them perfectly. How can a person, not well versed
in the Vedic scriptures, ascertain the meaning of the Vedic
sentences in the context of Dharma?
Initially, any investigation in any subject was called
Mimamsa. But, when the entire execution of the Vedic rituals
was to be examined and rules were to be set, the Mimamsa
Sastra came into existence. A Mimamsaka has always been
regarded as a true scholar of the Vedic wisdom.
Mimamsa is one of the traditional systems of Indian
Philosophy called Darsana.
It explains many contexts of the Vedic rituals.
It delineates principles of sentence interpretation of
Veda in the context of ancient rituals.
The system of 'Purva Mimamsa' was originally
more concerned with the Science of Rituals and its
interpretation, than with the exposition of the formal
philosophical topics which later on dominated this
Dharma- the objective of Mimamsa Sastra
As Sage Jaimini, the propagator of Mimamsa himself
makes clear in the very first sutra of Mimamsa Sastra, the
very objective. of this system is to reflect on the essential
nature of Dharma as propounded in the Vedas.
This Dharma, when unknown, is the subject matter of
Mimamsa and when known it is the purpose. The sabarabhasyam states very clearly that the word Dharma stands
for all that is beneficial to the humans, nothing else. And
Dharma alone connects the human being with all that is
beneficial and auspicious. From this one
can understand how misleading are the interpretations
of Dharma, often made by the individuals who have no
firsthand knowledge of the lofty ideology of this Mimamsa
Book's Contents and Sample Pages
Language & Literature (1500)
Learn Sanskrit (30)
Performing Art (66)
Sanskrit Grammar (261)
Sanskrit Text Book (204)
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