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Books > Hindu > Musings on Yogavaasishta: Part-VI (Book II of Nirvana, Liberation)
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Musings on Yogavaasishta: Part-VI (Book II of Nirvana, Liberation)
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Musings on Yogavaasishta: Part-VI (Book II of Nirvana, Liberation)
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Description
About The Book

Yogavaasishta is a treasure house of the ancient Indian philosophical wisdom. It offers logical and practical answer to questions like: What is Mind? What is world? What is the purpose of existence? What is Brahman?

It is a poetic classic by the Sage Valmiki explaining the nature of The Supreme Self expounded in his own inimitable and graceful way as a Discourse between Maharshi Vasishta and Lord Sri Rama.

The Present Volume, "Musing on Yogavaasistha" - Part VI (Liberation, Book - II), is a presentation by Brahmasri Kuppa Venkata Krishna Murty, the Vidyadhikari of Avadhoota Datta Peetham, Mysore and form a part of his lecture on "Yogavaasishta" telecast by Gemini T.V. in Telugu. This Volume is a rendering of the same into English by Dr. Vemuri Ramesam.

 

Preface

The series of my Discourses on Yogavaasishta being televised by the Gemini T.V. for the last eight years as well as the three earlier books published in Telugu and English based on these talks have received an overwhelming response from the public. I am particularly pleased to note that there are, amongst them, many young men and women, natives and NRIs, who are attracted by the subtle and straightforward logical approach adopted by Yogavaasishta in establishing the illusory nature of the world.

I present to you now the book on the sixth Chapter of Yogavaasishta as Part VI: Book II of Nirvana (Liberatioin).

Dr. D. R. Rao and his wife, Srimati Vijaya Rao who kindly supported the publication of English and Telugu versions of the earlier volumes are funding the publication of Part VI too and benevolently making it available to the devotees May the unlimited grace of the Revered Guru Sri Ganapathi Sachchidananda Swamiji be with this noble family, their children and their future generations!

Dr. Vemuri Ramesam, a senior reputed scientist was kind to render into English this Part of the series, diligently going through each of the words with me for clarity for readers in English. May he and his family be blessed by the benevolence of Respected Guru Shri Ganapati Sachchidananda Swamiji to enable him in experiencing the final goal of all Knowledge!

We presented the transliterated version of original Sanskrit slokas whenever they were quoted using the Itranslator of the Omkarananda Ashram, Rishikesh, 249192, Uttaranchal, India. The software is simple to operate and those desiring to have the slokas in Devnagari script can print using the transliterated text. Itranslator is downloadable from their website: www.omkarananda-ashram.org. We express our gratitude to Omkarananda Ashram for the software.

Some writers referred to acquiring Vedantic knowledge from scriptural texts as "Jnana" and experiential understanding of the same as Vijnana, while others considered knowledge dealing with material objects as "Vijnana" (Science) and the Knowledge that leads a person to liberation as "Jnana". All such apparently contradictory usages of the words arose because, in a sense, "Vijnana" itself manifests as Jnana and Jnana manifests as "Vijnana" and both knowledge and realization become one and the same in the end. Inspired by Reverend Guru Shri Ganapati Sachchidananda Swamiji who understood this secret, I have become instrumental in establishing the Institute of Scientific Research on Vedas (1- SERVE) with the aim of understanding the Supreme through a study of the physical principles. For those interested, details with respect to I-Serve are appended to this Preface.

I am including the introductory note of mine written for Part I - Vairagya and Mumukshu Prakaranas in this book. I trust the readers will get an overall idea of the original Yogavaasishta from this.

As a matter of fact, I too was a listener to the discourses! I too am a reader of these compilations!! It is some One residing in me that makes me speak and pushes my pen to scribble!!! I pray to our Reverend Guru Shri Ganapathi Sachchidananda Swamiji to bless us all so that we will have an experiential understanding of the compassion of that One!

 

Introduction

The first part of the Chapter: Nirvana of Yogavaasishta (Part V: Book - I) closed with Lord Rama being brought back from his deep meditative state (Samadhl) into the empirical world by Sage Vasishta at the request of Sage Viswamitra. One may infer from the way Sage Valmiki described the entire event that Self- realization happens effortlessly to a fully eligible and mature individual at the completion of a single cycle of Listening (to Scriptural teachings) and Reflection (on what is heard). However, it is possible that a number of doubts and reservations may still continue to persist in the mind of a seeker regarding the attainment of a stable and lasting Realization of the Self. Some of the questions that began answer could be:

Will a Self-realized individual be able to function back again in the phenomenal world or not?

In case (s)he is back in the activities of the world, would his mind lose Identity with Brahman?

Is there a way to abide firmly in Brahman even if the mind of a Self-realized individual happens to dwell on such worldly affairs that are contra to a position of Self- realization?

Sage Viswamitra and other saints and ascetics were undoubtedly happy at Rama attaining Self-realization (Samadhl). Yet they wanted the Sage Vasishta to interrupt Rama's Samadhi state and bring him back into the phenomenal world. What could be the possible reason behind such a request of Sage Viswamitra and others? Could they have wished to botch up the Self-Knowledge of Rama? Or is it possible for one to continue to abide in Brahman though he may be out of Samadhi?

There is an obvious need for clarity to emerge on the above matters.

It is precisely for that reason does Sage Valmiki continue with the Book" of the Chapter: Nirvana. The Sage did deliberate on these issues during the earlier chapters; yet we find a marked difference in the way these matters are raised and then resolved again in this Chapter. The solutions offered in the previous chapters were discussed from the position of an individual who had not as yet attained Self-realization (Samadhl). The current discussions are presented from the viewpoint of a Self-realized man. Sometimes Sage Valmiki repeats in the forthcoming Sargas the very same verses that he talked about in the previous chapters. But he adopts each time a novel way in establishing the point in an argument. Further, he digs deeper into the meaning underlying the stories he illustrated previously and explicates them in a new light. Hence one cannot lightly dismiss the second part of the Chapter: Nirvana as a mere repetition of the past chapters.

Sage Valmiki gives greater importance to the matters of principle and related technical aspects in his deliberations in the Book" of Nirvana. He narrates far fewer stories. As a result, the discourses wear a scriptural hue and may even occasionally seem highly pedantic. We shall, however, try to present here the exposition in as simple a manner as possible.

The discussions between Lord Rama and Sage Vasishta ended in the 126th Sarga of Book I of the Chapter: Nirvana. The next two Sargas (127 and 128) were the description of the dialog between Sage Valmiki and his disciple, Bharadwaj. The dialog takes off with a question posed by Bharadwaj whether Lord Rama had any unresolved issues pending at that stage.

 

Contents

 

  Preface iii
  Writers Appeal v
  About I-Serve xvi
1 Introduction 1
2 Give up all conceptualization 4
3 Renounce all actions 7
4 The story of vidhyadhara 12
5 Renouncing I- consciousness(Ego) 14
6 Insentience doesn't exist 19
7 Universe lies at the center of a Subatomic particle (The story of Indra) 23
8 The External and internal worlds 27
9 Knower of truth and Expert on Truth 30
10 The story of Brahmin Manki 33
11 Does Triad (triputi) apply in the case of Self realization 38
12 Establishing identity after canceling out the contradictory elements 41
13 The happiness of liberation and the happiness of object-dependent experience. 44
14 Practice is a must 45
15 Can a teacher bequeath liberation? 51
16 Meditation on Divinity as One's self 54
17 Develop Detachment 57
18 Samadhi 60
19 Unwise practices of detachment 63
20 Classification of individuals (jlvas) 67
21 Different view points with respect to the World 71
22 Consciousness is all 74
23 The story of Hard Rock 79
24 The Story of Vidhyadhari 83
25 Conversation by consciousness- space forms 86
26 A House at the center of a Rock 89
27 Brahma of the Alien World 92
28 Dissolution of the fundamental Elements 94
29 Disproving the Atheistic Perspective 99
30 Dissolution of the Causal Factors 106
31 The Twin Engines - Creation and Dissolution 109
32 Contact with shiva 112
33 Worlds, Worlds, Everywhere 115
34 Unfolding of Creation 118
35 Unfolding of creation from Yogi's perspective 121
36 I lost my physical body 128
37 Relative strengths of the thoughts 130
38 No gross body even today 133
39 Introduction to the story of Vipaschit 136
40 The story of King Vipaschit 143
41 Desire to see the boundaries of the World in four directions 146
42 If one man becomes four wouldn't they think Alike 150
43 Desire to witness ignorance 153
44 Astronomical information 156
45 The birth of the deer 158
46 Rebirth of King Vipaschit 161
47 The Story of the Corpse 164
48 Birth without a mother 167
49 Are Dreams External or Internal? 169
50 Deep sleep state and Turiya 174
51 Do we all share the same World? 176
52 The Pecking order of Life- Force and the mind 177
53 Wakefulness within a dream 181
54 A Macrocosm Beyond A Macrocosm 185
55 The Sheath of Bliss 187
56 Exploring the Subtle nervous system 189
57 Origination, appearance and beingness 192
58 Back to the Old life 196
59 Collective joys and sorrows 198
60 Dreams are untrue just like the Wakeful World 201
61 The future story of the Ascetic 205
62 The future story of the hunter 209
63 A lesson to the King from the Minister 213
64 King Vipaschit's Birth as a deer 216
65 Techniques to conquer the senses 220
66 Intermingling of Awake, dream and deep sleep states 225
67 The Story of Kundadanta 231
68 Mutually opposing boons and curses 235
69 Ignorance is also Brahman 242
70 Essence of Advaita - A question, Answer session 247
71 The three viewpoints 261
72 Assessment of the student 266
73 The story of the Lumberjacks 271
74 Conduct code in Worldly Transactions for a spiritual Aspirant 273
75 Worshipping the Guru 276
76 Dropping the perceivables 278
77 Questions of King Prajnapti 281
78 Are there Alien Worlds? 293
79 Past life of Rama 297
80 Closure of the Sermon 301
81 Review of the Chapter Nirvana Book II 303
82 Chapterwise Reviews 311
82.1 Review of Vairagya Prakarana (Chapter: Detatchment) 312
82.2 Review of Mumukshu Vyavahara Prakarana (Chapter: Conduct of a spiritual aspirant) 314
82.3 Review of Utpatti Prakarana (Chapter: Origination) 317
82.4 Review of Stiti Prakarana (Chapter: Sustanance) 320
82.5 Review of Upasama Prakarana (Chapter: The Calm Down) 326
82.6 Review of Nirvana Prakarana- Purvaartha (Chapter: Nirvana Book I) 333
82.7 Review of Nirvana Prakarana -Uttaraartha (Chapter: Nirvana, Book II) 339
83 Word Glossary 340

 

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Musings on Yogavaasishta: Part-VI (Book II of Nirvana, Liberation)

Item Code:
NAK731
Cover:
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Edition:
2013
Language:
Transliteration With English Translation
Size:
8.0 inch X 5.5 inch
Pages:
384
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Weight of the Book: 406 gms
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About The Book

Yogavaasishta is a treasure house of the ancient Indian philosophical wisdom. It offers logical and practical answer to questions like: What is Mind? What is world? What is the purpose of existence? What is Brahman?

It is a poetic classic by the Sage Valmiki explaining the nature of The Supreme Self expounded in his own inimitable and graceful way as a Discourse between Maharshi Vasishta and Lord Sri Rama.

The Present Volume, "Musing on Yogavaasistha" - Part VI (Liberation, Book - II), is a presentation by Brahmasri Kuppa Venkata Krishna Murty, the Vidyadhikari of Avadhoota Datta Peetham, Mysore and form a part of his lecture on "Yogavaasishta" telecast by Gemini T.V. in Telugu. This Volume is a rendering of the same into English by Dr. Vemuri Ramesam.

 

Preface

The series of my Discourses on Yogavaasishta being televised by the Gemini T.V. for the last eight years as well as the three earlier books published in Telugu and English based on these talks have received an overwhelming response from the public. I am particularly pleased to note that there are, amongst them, many young men and women, natives and NRIs, who are attracted by the subtle and straightforward logical approach adopted by Yogavaasishta in establishing the illusory nature of the world.

I present to you now the book on the sixth Chapter of Yogavaasishta as Part VI: Book II of Nirvana (Liberatioin).

Dr. D. R. Rao and his wife, Srimati Vijaya Rao who kindly supported the publication of English and Telugu versions of the earlier volumes are funding the publication of Part VI too and benevolently making it available to the devotees May the unlimited grace of the Revered Guru Sri Ganapathi Sachchidananda Swamiji be with this noble family, their children and their future generations!

Dr. Vemuri Ramesam, a senior reputed scientist was kind to render into English this Part of the series, diligently going through each of the words with me for clarity for readers in English. May he and his family be blessed by the benevolence of Respected Guru Shri Ganapati Sachchidananda Swamiji to enable him in experiencing the final goal of all Knowledge!

We presented the transliterated version of original Sanskrit slokas whenever they were quoted using the Itranslator of the Omkarananda Ashram, Rishikesh, 249192, Uttaranchal, India. The software is simple to operate and those desiring to have the slokas in Devnagari script can print using the transliterated text. Itranslator is downloadable from their website: www.omkarananda-ashram.org. We express our gratitude to Omkarananda Ashram for the software.

Some writers referred to acquiring Vedantic knowledge from scriptural texts as "Jnana" and experiential understanding of the same as Vijnana, while others considered knowledge dealing with material objects as "Vijnana" (Science) and the Knowledge that leads a person to liberation as "Jnana". All such apparently contradictory usages of the words arose because, in a sense, "Vijnana" itself manifests as Jnana and Jnana manifests as "Vijnana" and both knowledge and realization become one and the same in the end. Inspired by Reverend Guru Shri Ganapati Sachchidananda Swamiji who understood this secret, I have become instrumental in establishing the Institute of Scientific Research on Vedas (1- SERVE) with the aim of understanding the Supreme through a study of the physical principles. For those interested, details with respect to I-Serve are appended to this Preface.

I am including the introductory note of mine written for Part I - Vairagya and Mumukshu Prakaranas in this book. I trust the readers will get an overall idea of the original Yogavaasishta from this.

As a matter of fact, I too was a listener to the discourses! I too am a reader of these compilations!! It is some One residing in me that makes me speak and pushes my pen to scribble!!! I pray to our Reverend Guru Shri Ganapathi Sachchidananda Swamiji to bless us all so that we will have an experiential understanding of the compassion of that One!

 

Introduction

The first part of the Chapter: Nirvana of Yogavaasishta (Part V: Book - I) closed with Lord Rama being brought back from his deep meditative state (Samadhl) into the empirical world by Sage Vasishta at the request of Sage Viswamitra. One may infer from the way Sage Valmiki described the entire event that Self- realization happens effortlessly to a fully eligible and mature individual at the completion of a single cycle of Listening (to Scriptural teachings) and Reflection (on what is heard). However, it is possible that a number of doubts and reservations may still continue to persist in the mind of a seeker regarding the attainment of a stable and lasting Realization of the Self. Some of the questions that began answer could be:

Will a Self-realized individual be able to function back again in the phenomenal world or not?

In case (s)he is back in the activities of the world, would his mind lose Identity with Brahman?

Is there a way to abide firmly in Brahman even if the mind of a Self-realized individual happens to dwell on such worldly affairs that are contra to a position of Self- realization?

Sage Viswamitra and other saints and ascetics were undoubtedly happy at Rama attaining Self-realization (Samadhl). Yet they wanted the Sage Vasishta to interrupt Rama's Samadhi state and bring him back into the phenomenal world. What could be the possible reason behind such a request of Sage Viswamitra and others? Could they have wished to botch up the Self-Knowledge of Rama? Or is it possible for one to continue to abide in Brahman though he may be out of Samadhi?

There is an obvious need for clarity to emerge on the above matters.

It is precisely for that reason does Sage Valmiki continue with the Book" of the Chapter: Nirvana. The Sage did deliberate on these issues during the earlier chapters; yet we find a marked difference in the way these matters are raised and then resolved again in this Chapter. The solutions offered in the previous chapters were discussed from the position of an individual who had not as yet attained Self-realization (Samadhl). The current discussions are presented from the viewpoint of a Self-realized man. Sometimes Sage Valmiki repeats in the forthcoming Sargas the very same verses that he talked about in the previous chapters. But he adopts each time a novel way in establishing the point in an argument. Further, he digs deeper into the meaning underlying the stories he illustrated previously and explicates them in a new light. Hence one cannot lightly dismiss the second part of the Chapter: Nirvana as a mere repetition of the past chapters.

Sage Valmiki gives greater importance to the matters of principle and related technical aspects in his deliberations in the Book" of Nirvana. He narrates far fewer stories. As a result, the discourses wear a scriptural hue and may even occasionally seem highly pedantic. We shall, however, try to present here the exposition in as simple a manner as possible.

The discussions between Lord Rama and Sage Vasishta ended in the 126th Sarga of Book I of the Chapter: Nirvana. The next two Sargas (127 and 128) were the description of the dialog between Sage Valmiki and his disciple, Bharadwaj. The dialog takes off with a question posed by Bharadwaj whether Lord Rama had any unresolved issues pending at that stage.

 

Contents

 

  Preface iii
  Writers Appeal v
  About I-Serve xvi
1 Introduction 1
2 Give up all conceptualization 4
3 Renounce all actions 7
4 The story of vidhyadhara 12
5 Renouncing I- consciousness(Ego) 14
6 Insentience doesn't exist 19
7 Universe lies at the center of a Subatomic particle (The story of Indra) 23
8 The External and internal worlds 27
9 Knower of truth and Expert on Truth 30
10 The story of Brahmin Manki 33
11 Does Triad (triputi) apply in the case of Self realization 38
12 Establishing identity after canceling out the contradictory elements 41
13 The happiness of liberation and the happiness of object-dependent experience. 44
14 Practice is a must 45
15 Can a teacher bequeath liberation? 51
16 Meditation on Divinity as One's self 54
17 Develop Detachment 57
18 Samadhi 60
19 Unwise practices of detachment 63
20 Classification of individuals (jlvas) 67
21 Different view points with respect to the World 71
22 Consciousness is all 74
23 The story of Hard Rock 79
24 The Story of Vidhyadhari 83
25 Conversation by consciousness- space forms 86
26 A House at the center of a Rock 89
27 Brahma of the Alien World 92
28 Dissolution of the fundamental Elements 94
29 Disproving the Atheistic Perspective 99
30 Dissolution of the Causal Factors 106
31 The Twin Engines - Creation and Dissolution 109
32 Contact with shiva 112
33 Worlds, Worlds, Everywhere 115
34 Unfolding of Creation 118
35 Unfolding of creation from Yogi's perspective 121
36 I lost my physical body 128
37 Relative strengths of the thoughts 130
38 No gross body even today 133
39 Introduction to the story of Vipaschit 136
40 The story of King Vipaschit 143
41 Desire to see the boundaries of the World in four directions 146
42 If one man becomes four wouldn't they think Alike 150
43 Desire to witness ignorance 153
44 Astronomical information 156
45 The birth of the deer 158
46 Rebirth of King Vipaschit 161
47 The Story of the Corpse 164
48 Birth without a mother 167
49 Are Dreams External or Internal? 169
50 Deep sleep state and Turiya 174
51 Do we all share the same World? 176
52 The Pecking order of Life- Force and the mind 177
53 Wakefulness within a dream 181
54 A Macrocosm Beyond A Macrocosm 185
55 The Sheath of Bliss 187
56 Exploring the Subtle nervous system 189
57 Origination, appearance and beingness 192
58 Back to the Old life 196
59 Collective joys and sorrows 198
60 Dreams are untrue just like the Wakeful World 201
61 The future story of the Ascetic 205
62 The future story of the hunter 209
63 A lesson to the King from the Minister 213
64 King Vipaschit's Birth as a deer 216
65 Techniques to conquer the senses 220
66 Intermingling of Awake, dream and deep sleep states 225
67 The Story of Kundadanta 231
68 Mutually opposing boons and curses 235
69 Ignorance is also Brahman 242
70 Essence of Advaita - A question, Answer session 247
71 The three viewpoints 261
72 Assessment of the student 266
73 The story of the Lumberjacks 271
74 Conduct code in Worldly Transactions for a spiritual Aspirant 273
75 Worshipping the Guru 276
76 Dropping the perceivables 278
77 Questions of King Prajnapti 281
78 Are there Alien Worlds? 293
79 Past life of Rama 297
80 Closure of the Sermon 301
81 Review of the Chapter Nirvana Book II 303
82 Chapterwise Reviews 311
82.1 Review of Vairagya Prakarana (Chapter: Detatchment) 312
82.2 Review of Mumukshu Vyavahara Prakarana (Chapter: Conduct of a spiritual aspirant) 314
82.3 Review of Utpatti Prakarana (Chapter: Origination) 317
82.4 Review of Stiti Prakarana (Chapter: Sustanance) 320
82.5 Review of Upasama Prakarana (Chapter: The Calm Down) 326
82.6 Review of Nirvana Prakarana- Purvaartha (Chapter: Nirvana Book I) 333
82.7 Review of Nirvana Prakarana -Uttaraartha (Chapter: Nirvana, Book II) 339
83 Word Glossary 340

 

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