The work is mainly an analytical study of Sukracharya's code, so that the data of Hindu Sociology collected here reflect generally those phases of Indian cultural evolution which have influenced the authors of the Sukra cycle. This Positive Background of Hindu Sociology, therefore, is more or less a statical picture, and represents chiefly such landmarks in the culture-history of the Hindus as are embodied in the single document Sukraniti.
The introduction to Sukraniti has been called the Positive Background of Hindu Sociology, because Sukraniti as a Nitisastra, Arthasastra, Dharmasastra, or Dharmasutra deals mainly with the topics implied by such Hindu Categories as Dharma (morals), Artha (interests) and Kama (desires and passions) as opposed to Moksa (salvation); and hence a study in Sukraniti should properly be a study in the nonmoksa or non-transcendental and non-mystical i.e., the secular, worldly, materialistic and 'positive' elements of Hindu social economy.
About the Author:
Professor Benoy Kumar Sarkar was the founder and organizer of National Council of Education, Bengal established in 1906. He was a Professor at the Bengal National College, Calcutta. In 1907 he founded the Maldaha Jatiya Siksa Samiti which used to run a number of primary and secondary schools. Professor Sarkar was a pioneer in the field of Education. He write profusely in a number of Indian and Western languages continuously for four decades and served the society wholeheartedly as an author, educationist and a social reformer. He travelled almost the entire West and devoted a book in Bengali to each country that he visited.
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