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The Sacred Architecture of Islam
The Sacred Architecture of Islam
Description
About the Book

The Sacred Architecture of Islam is one of the most prolific traditions of building in the history of art. It is a tradition with four major strands - Arab, Iranian, Turkish and Indian. Historians of architecture have, for many decades been assiduously examining these strands, so that it is now possible to survey them all panoramically as a cultural phenomenon within the ambit of Muslim civilization. However the first three strands appear to be separated from the last by what may be called the Hindu Kush barrier. Panoramic surveys of Islamic architecture have frequently been undertaken, but by scholars who seems to be more comfortable with the Arab-Iranian-Turkish complex than with the Indian. The Indo-Muslim monuments appear to baffle them: it is as if the Hindu Kush barrier stood in their way. For these South Asian structures have a singular character conditioned by the impact of styles that had served the Buddhist stupa and the Hindu temple, styles unfamiliar to most students of Muhammadan architecture. Conversely, historians specializing in Indo-Islamic architecture, and occupied with classifying and interpreting its overwhelming array of edifices, have often lacked the opportunities ot acquaint themselves with the monuments west of the Hindu Kush.

The Sacred Architecture of Islam is the work of one who was professionally trained in the history of Indian art and architecture. He has also had the good fortune to travel over much of the Muhammadan world on both sides of the Hindu Kush, and thus has been able to appreciate the major monuments of that world at first hand, and to express that appreciation in the present work he has also been able to examine in situ the monuments of Europe and Latin America, and to study their impact on to the monuments of Eurafroasia and America have enabled him, he believes, to straddle the Hindu Kush barrier, and thus to see the sacred architecture of Islam steadily and in totality.

About the Author

Jose Pereira was born in Bombay in 1931. he received his doctorate in Ancient Indian History and Culture in 1959, and has since taught and done research in Portugal, England, India and the United States. He is Professor Emeritus of Theology at Fordham University in New York, where he taught history of Religions for over thirty years (1970-2000). He has authored 19 books and over 140 articles on theology and on architectural, cultural, philological and literary history.

Contents

    PREFACE
    1. Polarities of Islamic Civilization
    2. Fourfold Method in the Study of Islamic Architecture
    3. Central Trabeate Style Impacting on the Islamic
    4. Peripheral Trabeate Style Impacting on the Islamic
    5. Aesthetic of Fragmentation
    6. Complexes of the Parthian Genus
    7. Complexes of the Roman Genus
    8. Differenced between the Roman and Parthian General.
      Aesthetic of Integration
    9. Curvation and the Baroque Aesthetic
    10. Impact of Other Religious Traditions of Buildings on the Islamic

    Chapter 1.BASIC CONCEPTS
    1. Major and Minor Traditions
    2. Arab Traditions: The Pan-Islamic Mosque and the Ultra-Islamic Mosque
    3. Iranian Tradition: The Paradisal Mosque
    4. Turkish Tradition:The Ecclesial Mosque
    5. Indian Tradition: The Templar Mosque
    6. Six Constituents of the Mosque

    Chapter 2. HISTORY

    1. Periods of Islamic History
    2. Early Islamic Period (650-1050)
    3. Early Islamic Period (650-1050). Idiomatics
    4. Early Islamic Period (650-1050). Axiomorphics: The Pan-Islamic Mosque
    5. Dome of the Rock: Its Muslim and Possible Christian Symbolism
    6. Early Islamic Period (650-1050). Axiomorphics: Rise of the Ultra-Islamic Mosque, the Tomb and the Minaret
    7. Christianization of Mosque and Tomb
    8. Adoption of Christian Architectural Models
    9. Adoption of Liturgical Format of the Church
    10. Appropriation of Christian Symbolism
    11. Adoption of the Hierarchical Organization of Ideational Programmes
    12. acceptance of Verticality and Interior Illumination
    13. Islamization of the Church: Armenia, Sicily, Spain
    14. Specifics of the Islamization of the Spanish Church
    15. Early Islamic Period (650-1050): Aesthetics
    16. Middle Islamic Period (1050-1450)
    17. Middle Islamic Iraqi and Syrian Traditions (1050-1450)
    18. Middle Islamic Egyptian Tradition (1050-1450)
    19. Middle Islamic Maghribi Tradition (1050-1450)
    20. Middle Islamic Iranian Tradition (1050-1450)
    21. Middle Islamic Iranian Idiomatics (1050-1450)
    22. Middle Islamic Iranian Axiomorphics (1050-1450)
    23. Middle Islamic Iranian Aesthetic (1050-1450)
    24. Middle Islamic Turkish Tradition (1050-1450)
    25. Middle Islamic Indian Tradition (1050-1450)
    26. Middle Islamic Indian Idiomatics (1050-1450)
    27. Middle Islamic Indian Axiomorphics (1050-1450)
    28. Hinduization of the Mosque the Hindu Temple
    29. Specifics of the Hinduization of the Mosque
    30. Middle Islamic Indian Aesthetics (1050-1450)
    31. Late Islamic Period (1450-1850)
    32. Late Islamic Iranian Tradition (1450-1850)
    33. Late Islamic Turkish or Ottoman Tradition (1450-1850)
    34. Late Islamic Deccani Tradition (1450-1850)
    35. Late Islamic Mughal Tradition (1450-1850) (24)
    36. Late Islamic Mughal Idiomatics (1450-1850)
    37. Late Islamic Mughal Axiomorphics (1450-1850): Mosques
    38. Late Islamic Mughal Axiomorphics (1450-1850): Tombs
    39. Late Islamic Mughal Aesthetics (1450-1850)
    40. Late Islamic Mughaloid Styles
    41. Late Islamic Mughaloid Styles: Rajput
    42. Late Islamic Mughaloid Styles: Minor Northern Indian
    43. Late Islamic Mughaloid Styles: Maratha
    44. Late Islamic Mughaloid Styles: Mysore Muslim

    Chapter 3. IDIOMATICS

    1. Evolution of Islamic Idiomatics
    2. Early Syrian Idiom
    3. Late Idiom
    4. Iraqi Idiom
    5. Iranian Idiom: The Arch-and-Panel System
    6. Anatolian Idiom: Seljuk and Emirate Turkey
    7. Ottoman Classical Idiom
    8. Ottoman Baroque Idiom
    9. Maghribi Idiom
    10. Egyptian Idiom
    11. Indian Idiom
    12. Indian Columns and Arches
    13. Indian Mouldings
    14. Indian Niches and Aedicules
    15. Indian Domes and Ceilings
    16. Indian Illuminational and Colouristic Device

    Chapter 4. AXIOMORPHICS

    1. Pan-Islamic Mosque
    2. Alignment of the Colonnades
    3. Spacing of Columns
    4. Spacing of Columns
    5. Heightening and Decoration of Columns and Arches
    6. Decoration and Lighting of the Roof (46)
    7. Ultra-Islamic Mosque
    8. Arcuation of Hypostyle
    9. Magnification of the Dome
    10. Squinch-Supported Dome
    11. Iranian Stellate Dome
    12. Integration of Minarets
    13. Classification of Minarets
    14. Integration of the Courtyard
    15. Integration of the Portal
    16. Chromatic Vesture

    Chapter 5. AESTHETICS

    1. A Muslim Aesthetic?
    2. Exterior Space
    3. Minaret
    4. Facades of Portals
    5. Exterior of Tombs
    6. Mosque Courtyard Facades
    7. Façade of the Sanctuary
    8. Lateral and Rear Mosque Facades
    9. Ottoman Mosque Facades: Four Problems
    10. Ottoman Mosque Facades: Resolution of Problems
    11. Symphony of Domes
    12. Climax of the Stellar Vault
    13. Steller Vault: Classical Phase
    14. Steller Vault: Maghribi Phase
    15. Steller Vault: Romanesque Phase
    16. Steller Vault: Gothic Phase
    17. Steller Vault: Renaissance and Mannerist Phase
    18. Steller Vault: Baroque Phase
    19. Interior Space
    20. Hypostylar and Arcaded Interiors
    21. Interior Treatment of Roofs
    22. Domed Interiors
    23. Squinch-Supported Domed Interiors
    24. Stalactite Domed Interiors
    25. Iranian Stellate Domed Interiors
    26. Enclosed Exterior Space
    27. Light
    28. Colour
    29. Baroque Characteristics of Muslim Architecture

    Appendix 1. A COMPRENSIVE CLASSIFICATION OF MUSLIM SACRED STRUCTURES

    1. Architectural Traditions
    2. Principles of Classification
    3. Main Categories of Classification
    4. Classification of Muslim Sacred Structures

    SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY

    1. General
    2. Iraqi Tradition
    3. Syrian Tradition
    4. Egyptian Tradition
    5. Maghribi Tradition
    6. Iranian Tradition
    7. Anatolian Tradition (Turkish, Seljuk and Emirate Periods)
    8. Ottoman Tradition (Turkish, Imperial Period)
    9. Indian Tradition
    10. Delhi Tradition (Delhi sultanate)
    11. Gujarati Tradition (Gujarati Sultanate)
    12. Bengali Tradition (Bengal Sultanate)
    13. Deccani Tradition (Deccani Sultanates)
    14. Mughal & Post Mughal Traditions

    LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS

    1. Colour Plates
    2. Plates (Black & White Photographs)
    3. Black and White Illustrations

    INDEX


The Sacred Architecture of Islam

Item Code:
IDD886
Cover:
Hardcover
Edition:
2004
ISBN:
81-7305-266-2
Language:
English
Size:
10.8" X 8.5"
Pages:
504 (Color Illus: 39, B & W Illus: 19 with 154 Line Drawings)
Price:
$95.00   Shipping Free - 4 to 6 days
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About the Book

The Sacred Architecture of Islam is one of the most prolific traditions of building in the history of art. It is a tradition with four major strands - Arab, Iranian, Turkish and Indian. Historians of architecture have, for many decades been assiduously examining these strands, so that it is now possible to survey them all panoramically as a cultural phenomenon within the ambit of Muslim civilization. However the first three strands appear to be separated from the last by what may be called the Hindu Kush barrier. Panoramic surveys of Islamic architecture have frequently been undertaken, but by scholars who seems to be more comfortable with the Arab-Iranian-Turkish complex than with the Indian. The Indo-Muslim monuments appear to baffle them: it is as if the Hindu Kush barrier stood in their way. For these South Asian structures have a singular character conditioned by the impact of styles that had served the Buddhist stupa and the Hindu temple, styles unfamiliar to most students of Muhammadan architecture. Conversely, historians specializing in Indo-Islamic architecture, and occupied with classifying and interpreting its overwhelming array of edifices, have often lacked the opportunities ot acquaint themselves with the monuments west of the Hindu Kush.

The Sacred Architecture of Islam is the work of one who was professionally trained in the history of Indian art and architecture. He has also had the good fortune to travel over much of the Muhammadan world on both sides of the Hindu Kush, and thus has been able to appreciate the major monuments of that world at first hand, and to express that appreciation in the present work he has also been able to examine in situ the monuments of Europe and Latin America, and to study their impact on to the monuments of Eurafroasia and America have enabled him, he believes, to straddle the Hindu Kush barrier, and thus to see the sacred architecture of Islam steadily and in totality.

About the Author

Jose Pereira was born in Bombay in 1931. he received his doctorate in Ancient Indian History and Culture in 1959, and has since taught and done research in Portugal, England, India and the United States. He is Professor Emeritus of Theology at Fordham University in New York, where he taught history of Religions for over thirty years (1970-2000). He has authored 19 books and over 140 articles on theology and on architectural, cultural, philological and literary history.

Contents

    PREFACE
    1. Polarities of Islamic Civilization
    2. Fourfold Method in the Study of Islamic Architecture
    3. Central Trabeate Style Impacting on the Islamic
    4. Peripheral Trabeate Style Impacting on the Islamic
    5. Aesthetic of Fragmentation
    6. Complexes of the Parthian Genus
    7. Complexes of the Roman Genus
    8. Differenced between the Roman and Parthian General.
      Aesthetic of Integration
    9. Curvation and the Baroque Aesthetic
    10. Impact of Other Religious Traditions of Buildings on the Islamic

    Chapter 1.BASIC CONCEPTS
    1. Major and Minor Traditions
    2. Arab Traditions: The Pan-Islamic Mosque and the Ultra-Islamic Mosque
    3. Iranian Tradition: The Paradisal Mosque
    4. Turkish Tradition:The Ecclesial Mosque
    5. Indian Tradition: The Templar Mosque
    6. Six Constituents of the Mosque

    Chapter 2. HISTORY

    1. Periods of Islamic History
    2. Early Islamic Period (650-1050)
    3. Early Islamic Period (650-1050). Idiomatics
    4. Early Islamic Period (650-1050). Axiomorphics: The Pan-Islamic Mosque
    5. Dome of the Rock: Its Muslim and Possible Christian Symbolism
    6. Early Islamic Period (650-1050). Axiomorphics: Rise of the Ultra-Islamic Mosque, the Tomb and the Minaret
    7. Christianization of Mosque and Tomb
    8. Adoption of Christian Architectural Models
    9. Adoption of Liturgical Format of the Church
    10. Appropriation of Christian Symbolism
    11. Adoption of the Hierarchical Organization of Ideational Programmes
    12. acceptance of Verticality and Interior Illumination
    13. Islamization of the Church: Armenia, Sicily, Spain
    14. Specifics of the Islamization of the Spanish Church
    15. Early Islamic Period (650-1050): Aesthetics
    16. Middle Islamic Period (1050-1450)
    17. Middle Islamic Iraqi and Syrian Traditions (1050-1450)
    18. Middle Islamic Egyptian Tradition (1050-1450)
    19. Middle Islamic Maghribi Tradition (1050-1450)
    20. Middle Islamic Iranian Tradition (1050-1450)
    21. Middle Islamic Iranian Idiomatics (1050-1450)
    22. Middle Islamic Iranian Axiomorphics (1050-1450)
    23. Middle Islamic Iranian Aesthetic (1050-1450)
    24. Middle Islamic Turkish Tradition (1050-1450)
    25. Middle Islamic Indian Tradition (1050-1450)
    26. Middle Islamic Indian Idiomatics (1050-1450)
    27. Middle Islamic Indian Axiomorphics (1050-1450)
    28. Hinduization of the Mosque the Hindu Temple
    29. Specifics of the Hinduization of the Mosque
    30. Middle Islamic Indian Aesthetics (1050-1450)
    31. Late Islamic Period (1450-1850)
    32. Late Islamic Iranian Tradition (1450-1850)
    33. Late Islamic Turkish or Ottoman Tradition (1450-1850)
    34. Late Islamic Deccani Tradition (1450-1850)
    35. Late Islamic Mughal Tradition (1450-1850) (24)
    36. Late Islamic Mughal Idiomatics (1450-1850)
    37. Late Islamic Mughal Axiomorphics (1450-1850): Mosques
    38. Late Islamic Mughal Axiomorphics (1450-1850): Tombs
    39. Late Islamic Mughal Aesthetics (1450-1850)
    40. Late Islamic Mughaloid Styles
    41. Late Islamic Mughaloid Styles: Rajput
    42. Late Islamic Mughaloid Styles: Minor Northern Indian
    43. Late Islamic Mughaloid Styles: Maratha
    44. Late Islamic Mughaloid Styles: Mysore Muslim

    Chapter 3. IDIOMATICS

    1. Evolution of Islamic Idiomatics
    2. Early Syrian Idiom
    3. Late Idiom
    4. Iraqi Idiom
    5. Iranian Idiom: The Arch-and-Panel System
    6. Anatolian Idiom: Seljuk and Emirate Turkey
    7. Ottoman Classical Idiom
    8. Ottoman Baroque Idiom
    9. Maghribi Idiom
    10. Egyptian Idiom
    11. Indian Idiom
    12. Indian Columns and Arches
    13. Indian Mouldings
    14. Indian Niches and Aedicules
    15. Indian Domes and Ceilings
    16. Indian Illuminational and Colouristic Device

    Chapter 4. AXIOMORPHICS

    1. Pan-Islamic Mosque
    2. Alignment of the Colonnades
    3. Spacing of Columns
    4. Spacing of Columns
    5. Heightening and Decoration of Columns and Arches
    6. Decoration and Lighting of the Roof (46)
    7. Ultra-Islamic Mosque
    8. Arcuation of Hypostyle
    9. Magnification of the Dome
    10. Squinch-Supported Dome
    11. Iranian Stellate Dome
    12. Integration of Minarets
    13. Classification of Minarets
    14. Integration of the Courtyard
    15. Integration of the Portal
    16. Chromatic Vesture

    Chapter 5. AESTHETICS

    1. A Muslim Aesthetic?
    2. Exterior Space
    3. Minaret
    4. Facades of Portals
    5. Exterior of Tombs
    6. Mosque Courtyard Facades
    7. Façade of the Sanctuary
    8. Lateral and Rear Mosque Facades
    9. Ottoman Mosque Facades: Four Problems
    10. Ottoman Mosque Facades: Resolution of Problems
    11. Symphony of Domes
    12. Climax of the Stellar Vault
    13. Steller Vault: Classical Phase
    14. Steller Vault: Maghribi Phase
    15. Steller Vault: Romanesque Phase
    16. Steller Vault: Gothic Phase
    17. Steller Vault: Renaissance and Mannerist Phase
    18. Steller Vault: Baroque Phase
    19. Interior Space
    20. Hypostylar and Arcaded Interiors
    21. Interior Treatment of Roofs
    22. Domed Interiors
    23. Squinch-Supported Domed Interiors
    24. Stalactite Domed Interiors
    25. Iranian Stellate Domed Interiors
    26. Enclosed Exterior Space
    27. Light
    28. Colour
    29. Baroque Characteristics of Muslim Architecture

    Appendix 1. A COMPRENSIVE CLASSIFICATION OF MUSLIM SACRED STRUCTURES

    1. Architectural Traditions
    2. Principles of Classification
    3. Main Categories of Classification
    4. Classification of Muslim Sacred Structures

    SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY

    1. General
    2. Iraqi Tradition
    3. Syrian Tradition
    4. Egyptian Tradition
    5. Maghribi Tradition
    6. Iranian Tradition
    7. Anatolian Tradition (Turkish, Seljuk and Emirate Periods)
    8. Ottoman Tradition (Turkish, Imperial Period)
    9. Indian Tradition
    10. Delhi Tradition (Delhi sultanate)
    11. Gujarati Tradition (Gujarati Sultanate)
    12. Bengali Tradition (Bengal Sultanate)
    13. Deccani Tradition (Deccani Sultanates)
    14. Mughal & Post Mughal Traditions

    LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS

    1. Colour Plates
    2. Plates (Black & White Photographs)
    3. Black and White Illustrations

    INDEX


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