Sakatayaniyaprakriya by Dr. P. Narayanan Namboodiri is an excellent monograph in Sanskrit on the not-so-well known school of grammar founded by Sakatayana. This book is a revised form of Dr. Namboodiri's Doctoral Dissertation. It is divided into four chapters. Each argument put forward has been well established by the author with sufficient pieces of evidence, On the whole, this monograph will be an asset to the wealth of studies in grammar in general, and those in Sanskrit in particular.
In ancient India systems of Vyakarana emerged many in numbers. The Paniniyan Vyakarana dominated all. Candra, Jainendra, Katantra, Sarasvatikanthabharana are some other schools of Vyakarana. They remained secluded because they were not taught to the students in olden days, and in modern times they are not prescribed in syllabi. Generally, Vyakarana means Paniniyan Vyakarana, nothing else. This concept led other schools of Vyakarana far from being touched. But they command some significance. That was not thought of by any body. If one ever tries to peep into those schools of Vyakarana as to what they are up to, one can come across with many salient features. Unfortunately such attempts are seldom made. With a view to explore the salient features that match in between two different schools of Vyakarana Dr. Narayanan Namboodiri chose two schools of Vyakarana - the Paniniyan and the Sakatayana. He persued his research in that direction and produced a comparative study. It was a good venture. I do not want to enlist his findings here. The text is there before everybody to peruse them eagerly.
I feel it happy his thesis is seeing the light of the day, this contributing to the enrichment of the Vyakarana Sastra.
I bless him, he being my student and wish him to come out successfully in such ventures in future.
The present work Sakatayaniyaprakriya substantially represents my Doctoral thesis submitted to Rastriya Samskrta Samsthan, New Delhi, in 1982. Basically there are two method followed in Indian tradition called sutrapatha tradition and prakriyapatha tradition for the study of grammar. The first aims the thorough study of Astadhyayi in order to fulfil the requirements in rituals. The second method emphasises on the derivational process after rearranging the order of sutras. Rupavatara, Prakriyakaumudi and Siddhantakaumudi are some such texts. After the emergence of Astadhyayi, several grammarians have experimented on grammar to bring out texts free from technical obscurities. Candra, Jainendra Sakatayana and Hemacandra are some of those scholars who produced different grammar texts.
The present book deals with the derivational process explained by both Panini and Sakatayana. I have followed the order accepted by Bhattoji Diksita in his Siddhantakaumudi. Portions from Acsandhi to Samasasrayavidhana are taken into account. While explaining the formation of forms, the counter examples as well as arguments are not considered. The attempt is to highlight the simplicity of derivation which can only be done with sufficient illustrations. The book is divided into four chapters. The first one describes the traditions of Munitraya and Sakatayana. Method of derivation in different systems is dealt with in the second chapter, comparison with the formation of rules and the simplicity and brevity brought out by these authors were explained in the following chapters.
I take this opportunity to express my deep gratitude to my supervising Teacher Dr. Goparaju Rama, Principal, Ganganath Jha Kendriya Sanskrit Vidyapeetha, Allahabad, for his valuable suggestions. I am thankful to Dr. G.C. Tripathi, who directed me to select such a topic for study. I express my hearty thanks to Dr. N.V.P. Unithiri, Professor & Head, Department of Sanskrit, University of Calicut, for the constant encouragement and assistance in publishing the book. My thanks are due to the members of our faculty and the University authorities by whose assistance the book has taken this form.
It is with great pleasure that I introduce the monograph entitled Sakatayaniyaprakriya by Dr. P. Narayanan Namboodiri, which is being published as the twenty-second book in Calicut University Sanskrit Series. Dr. Namboodiri is now working as Reader in our Department.
In connection with the Silver Jubilee Celebrations of the Department' University of Calicut, we have decided to strengthen our publication programme and as a part of it to bring out in book form a few doctoral theses produced from the Department. Thus, A Study of Samudrabandha's Commentary on Alankarasarvasva by Dr. C. Narayanan, Srauta Sacrifices in Kerala by Dr. V.Govindan Namboodiri, A Study of Stylistics in Sanskrit Poetics with Special Reference to Kuntaka by Dr. T. Vasudevan, Keralodaya - An Epic Kavya on Kerala History by Dr. Dharmaraj Adat and Srikrsnavijaya of Sankarakavi - A Critical Study by Dr. Reeja B. Kavanal have already been published in this Series. We have planned to publish some other theses also.
Sakatayaniyaprakriya by Dr. P. Narayanan Namboodiri is an excellent monograph in Sanskrit on the not-so-well-known school of grammar founded by Sakatayana. This book is a revised form of Dr. Namboodiri's Doctoral dissertation. It is divided into four chapters. In the first chapter, a comparative study of the grammar texts of Panini and Sakatayana is offered. In the second chapter, Dr. Namboodiri makes a comparative study of the exposition of Sandhi and Samasa sections of both the grammarains. Then he seeks to present before the readers the similarities and differences in both the works. The fourth chapter offers a discussion on cumbrousness and levity exhibited by the two thinkers in their texts. Each argument put forward has been well established by the author with sufficient pieces of evidence. On the whole, this monograph will be an asset to the wealth of studies in grammar in general, and those in Sanskrit in particular.
I hope that all those interested in Linguistics and Grammar will welcome this volume.
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