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Sanskrit Syntax
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Sanskrit Syntax
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From the Jacket:

Sanskrit grammar has remained for long, professedly deficient in its treatment of syntax, in spite of the labours of Delbruk, De Saussure, and Whitney in this field. The present work is an attempt to remove this deficiency. Herein the author has presented a vivid portrait of syntax as it is represented by classical Sanskrit literature, Vedic prose and Epics.

The book is divided into six sections. Section I opens with the general remarks on the structure of sentences. Section II explains concord and case-relations. Section III deals with the different classes of nouns and pronouns. Sections IV, V, VI discuss the syntax of verbs, particles and sentences.

The book is the result of the author's observations of original sources which he quotes in plenty. Majority of examples cited by him are selected from the works of well-known authors and this has made the work both authoritative and interesting. Among the ancient grammarians he has followed Panini whose rules are referred to at every step.

The study is documented with an introduction and index of Sanskrit words.

 

Preface

This book aims to give a succinct account of Sanskrit Syntax, as it is represented in classic Sanskrit literature, without ne- glecting however the archaisms and peculiarities of vaidik prose (brahmana , upanishad, sutra] and of epic poetry. The facts laid down here have been stated chiefly by my own observa- tions in perusing Sanskrit writings, and accordingly by far the great majority of the examples quoted have been selected directly from the sources, if not, those suggested by the Pe- tropolitan Dictionary or others have, as a rule, been received only after verification. Moreover, valuable information was gained by the statements of vernacular grammarians, especially of Pa- nini , to whose reverenced authority due respect is paid and whose rules are referred to at every. opportunity. For some useful intelligence I am indebted to Mr. ANUNDORAM BORooAH's Higher Sanskrit Gmmmar Calcutta 1870. A welcome and pre- cious assistance were to me some treatises or occasional hints of distinguished European scholars, who, as DELBRluCK, DE SAUSSURE, WHITNEY, have explored tracks of this scarcely trodden region of Indian philology. But for the greater part of the subjects falling within the scope of this compilation, monographies and special investigations of a sound philological and scholarlike character are still wanting, and I have felt that want often and deeply. For this reason I am fully aware, that many deficiencies and inaccuracies will certainly be found now or appear afterwards in this first Sanskrit Syntax written in Europe. Notwithstanding, as I felt convinced that my labour, however imperfect, might prove of some profit by facilitating both the access to Sanskrit literature and the study of Sanskrit language, and that on the other hand this work might afford some base for further investigations on special points. of Syntax, it is placed before the public with the confidence that it may be judged, what it is, as a first attempt, and an attempt . undertaken by a foreigner.

In arranging materials I preferred following, as best I could, the nature and spirit of the language I was working on, rather than clinging too closely to the classification familiar to us by the Syntax of Latin and Greek; in stating facts I have avoided generalizing from such instances as did rest only on my own limited experience, remembering the wise words of Patanjali

 

CONTENTS

 

SECTION I. General remarks on the structure of sentences 1 - 13
SECTION II. Syntaxis convenientiae and syntaxis rectionis  
Chapt. I. Concord 13 - 23
Chapt. II. How to denote case-relations 24 - 29
Chapt. III. Accusative 29 - 42
Chapt. IV. Instrumental 42 - 58
Chapt. V. Dative 58 - 67
Chapt. VI. Ablative 76 - 81
Chapt. VII. Genitive 81 - 101
Chapt. VIII. Locative 102 - 113
Chapt. IX. Periphrastic expression of case-relations 113
  I. Prepositions 113 - 134
  II. Periphrase by means of noun-cases 134 - 141
  III. Periphrase by means of Participles, gerunds and the like 141 - 145
Chapt. X. Compounds 145 - 178
SECTION III. On the different classes of nouns and pronouns  
Chapt. I. Substantive, Adjective, Adverb 179 - 193
Chapt. II. Pronouns 193
  1. Personal pronouns and their possessives 193 - 201
  2. Demonstratives, Relatives, Interrogatives 201 - 215
  3. Pronominal adverbs 215 - 221
  4. Pronominal adjectives 221 - 222
Chapt. III. On nouns of number 222 - 227
SECTION IV. Syntax of the verbs  
Chapt. I. General remarks, Kinds of verbs, Auxiliaries, Periphrase of verbs 228 - 235
Chapt. II. On voices 235 - 241
Chapt. III and IV. Tenses and moods 241 - 278
Chapt. V. Participles and participles idioms 278 - 296
Chapt. VI. Gerunds 296 - 300
Chapt. VII. Infinitive 300 - 309
SECTION V. Syntax of the particles  
Chapt. I. Particles of emphasis and limitation 310 - 315
Chapt. II. Negation 315 - 320
Chapt. III. Interrogations 320 - 326
Chapt. IV. Exclamation 326 - 329
Chapt. V. Connective particles 329 - 336
SECTION VI. On the connection of sentences  
Chapt. I. Coordination 337 - 346
Chapt. II. Subordination, Periods and clauses 347 - 352
Chapt. III. Relative sentences introduced by pronouns 352 - 357
Chapt. IV. Relative adverbs and conjunctions 358 - 372
Chapt. V. The conditional period 372 - 379
Chapt. VI. The direct construction 379 - 388
Sample Pages








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Sanskrit Syntax

Item Code:
IDE765
Cover:
Paperback
Edition:
2009
Language:
English
Size:
9.5" X 6.2"
Pages:
412
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From the Jacket:

Sanskrit grammar has remained for long, professedly deficient in its treatment of syntax, in spite of the labours of Delbruk, De Saussure, and Whitney in this field. The present work is an attempt to remove this deficiency. Herein the author has presented a vivid portrait of syntax as it is represented by classical Sanskrit literature, Vedic prose and Epics.

The book is divided into six sections. Section I opens with the general remarks on the structure of sentences. Section II explains concord and case-relations. Section III deals with the different classes of nouns and pronouns. Sections IV, V, VI discuss the syntax of verbs, particles and sentences.

The book is the result of the author's observations of original sources which he quotes in plenty. Majority of examples cited by him are selected from the works of well-known authors and this has made the work both authoritative and interesting. Among the ancient grammarians he has followed Panini whose rules are referred to at every step.

The study is documented with an introduction and index of Sanskrit words.

 

Preface

This book aims to give a succinct account of Sanskrit Syntax, as it is represented in classic Sanskrit literature, without ne- glecting however the archaisms and peculiarities of vaidik prose (brahmana , upanishad, sutra] and of epic poetry. The facts laid down here have been stated chiefly by my own observa- tions in perusing Sanskrit writings, and accordingly by far the great majority of the examples quoted have been selected directly from the sources, if not, those suggested by the Pe- tropolitan Dictionary or others have, as a rule, been received only after verification. Moreover, valuable information was gained by the statements of vernacular grammarians, especially of Pa- nini , to whose reverenced authority due respect is paid and whose rules are referred to at every. opportunity. For some useful intelligence I am indebted to Mr. ANUNDORAM BORooAH's Higher Sanskrit Gmmmar Calcutta 1870. A welcome and pre- cious assistance were to me some treatises or occasional hints of distinguished European scholars, who, as DELBRluCK, DE SAUSSURE, WHITNEY, have explored tracks of this scarcely trodden region of Indian philology. But for the greater part of the subjects falling within the scope of this compilation, monographies and special investigations of a sound philological and scholarlike character are still wanting, and I have felt that want often and deeply. For this reason I am fully aware, that many deficiencies and inaccuracies will certainly be found now or appear afterwards in this first Sanskrit Syntax written in Europe. Notwithstanding, as I felt convinced that my labour, however imperfect, might prove of some profit by facilitating both the access to Sanskrit literature and the study of Sanskrit language, and that on the other hand this work might afford some base for further investigations on special points. of Syntax, it is placed before the public with the confidence that it may be judged, what it is, as a first attempt, and an attempt . undertaken by a foreigner.

In arranging materials I preferred following, as best I could, the nature and spirit of the language I was working on, rather than clinging too closely to the classification familiar to us by the Syntax of Latin and Greek; in stating facts I have avoided generalizing from such instances as did rest only on my own limited experience, remembering the wise words of Patanjali

 

CONTENTS

 

SECTION I. General remarks on the structure of sentences 1 - 13
SECTION II. Syntaxis convenientiae and syntaxis rectionis  
Chapt. I. Concord 13 - 23
Chapt. II. How to denote case-relations 24 - 29
Chapt. III. Accusative 29 - 42
Chapt. IV. Instrumental 42 - 58
Chapt. V. Dative 58 - 67
Chapt. VI. Ablative 76 - 81
Chapt. VII. Genitive 81 - 101
Chapt. VIII. Locative 102 - 113
Chapt. IX. Periphrastic expression of case-relations 113
  I. Prepositions 113 - 134
  II. Periphrase by means of noun-cases 134 - 141
  III. Periphrase by means of Participles, gerunds and the like 141 - 145
Chapt. X. Compounds 145 - 178
SECTION III. On the different classes of nouns and pronouns  
Chapt. I. Substantive, Adjective, Adverb 179 - 193
Chapt. II. Pronouns 193
  1. Personal pronouns and their possessives 193 - 201
  2. Demonstratives, Relatives, Interrogatives 201 - 215
  3. Pronominal adverbs 215 - 221
  4. Pronominal adjectives 221 - 222
Chapt. III. On nouns of number 222 - 227
SECTION IV. Syntax of the verbs  
Chapt. I. General remarks, Kinds of verbs, Auxiliaries, Periphrase of verbs 228 - 235
Chapt. II. On voices 235 - 241
Chapt. III and IV. Tenses and moods 241 - 278
Chapt. V. Participles and participles idioms 278 - 296
Chapt. VI. Gerunds 296 - 300
Chapt. VII. Infinitive 300 - 309
SECTION V. Syntax of the particles  
Chapt. I. Particles of emphasis and limitation 310 - 315
Chapt. II. Negation 315 - 320
Chapt. III. Interrogations 320 - 326
Chapt. IV. Exclamation 326 - 329
Chapt. V. Connective particles 329 - 336
SECTION VI. On the connection of sentences  
Chapt. I. Coordination 337 - 346
Chapt. II. Subordination, Periods and clauses 347 - 352
Chapt. III. Relative sentences introduced by pronouns 352 - 357
Chapt. IV. Relative adverbs and conjunctions 358 - 372
Chapt. V. The conditional period 372 - 379
Chapt. VI. The direct construction 379 - 388
Sample Pages








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