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 Sodhala Nighantuh
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Sodhala Nighantuh
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Foreword

Currently global attention is being increasingly focused on rediscovering and developing the indigenous system of medicine, Ayurveda, and its utilization for Primary Health Care. In the course of thousands of years, Ayurveda continued to exist, its basic principles never changed, because they are derived from the universal laws of nature which are true. Ayurveda is said to be anadi (one which has no known beginning) and sasvata (one which has no end or it is eternal). This contradicts with the modern scientific paradigm, where new theories often render previous understanding completely obsolete within a short period of time.

Ayurveda has much to offer to the modern world. Many synthetic drugs are of herbal origins which were well mentioned in ancient Ayurvedic texts regarding their specific properties and actions. Ayurveda has recently been rediscovered in the pursuit of holistic healing and natural" health. The globalization of Ayurveda offers evidence that the basic principles and theories described in it has much more to offer to this modern world.

Ayurveda provides knowledge of aetiology, symptomatology and therapeutics, best way for both the healthy and the sick, tri-aphorismic (trisutra) continuing from the lime immemorial. The significance of drugs in medical science possesses its key role in clinical management of diseases.

'A physician who knows all the diseases well, who has expertise with regard to drugs (and therapeutics) will cure all diseases, and does not get confused.'

Its proper study is undertaken in Dravyaguna vijnana, the science of drug, pharmacology and materia medica, which begins in Caraka Samhita with the quadruplet of drugs (bhesaja-catuska), covering various aspects of pharmacology, pharmacognosy and therapeusis.

The interest towards Ayurveda is mainly because of its drugs, which are of herbal origin, and are said to be having less adverse effects in comparison to synthetic drugs. Ancient texts related to Ayurveda can be categorised into two types, one related to treatment and other related to information regarding drugs and diet, being called as Cikitsa (treatment) and Nighantu (materia medica) granthas (texts) respectively, written in devanagari script or regional languages. Nighantu described drugs, in a typical manner, by mentioning group of synonyms, reflecting tye properties, actions and uses of the drug. These synonyms and technical terms of Ayurveda mentioned in Nighantus needs interpretations for better understanding and development of new role of medicinal plants. 'A physician without knowledge of Nighantu, a scholar without the knowledge of grammar, and a soldier without knowledge of weapons are ridiculed by people.'

So now it is time for us to increase followers of this science and there is more than one way to do so like.

• Translation of original texts and presentation of the information in a modern, practical yet authentic manner is vital.

• Inclusion of new herbal drugs, mentioned in Nighantus, in to the Ayurvedic pharmacopoeia, by describing them in terms of Rasaparicaka.

• Use of proper standardization techniques to prevent adulteration of Ayurvedic drugs.

In this context, a project on Sodhala Nighantu has been undertaken by Prof. Gyanendra Pandey who is exhaustively studying the text, doing editing and working for commentary (in English and Hindi) with critical notes supported with various index, lists etc. This is an unique work on Sodhala Nighantu and being done first time. Sodhala Nighantu in the present form may contribute in the field of Dravyaguna Vigyana, which will be helpful in promoting knowledge of classical drugs, useful in clinical pharmacology, therapeutic medicine, ultimately approaching to development of Ayurveda.

It is matter of pride that our institution is a pioneer school of learning in various disciplines of Ayurveda attaching international, significance; and I feel honoured to express my views on the scholarly work of it's a brighter alumni, devoting whole career most sincerely, like Prof. Gyanendra Pandey who needs no introduction or appreciation since his dedication, contribution, long experience with, diversified exposures and painstaking efforts themselves make him a reknowned authority, actively engaged in teaching, research and other various technical activities, exerting with his sound textual base and scientific vision, for the cause of development, scientific advancement and attaiment of highest status of Ayurveda in global perspectives.

I congratulate Dr. Gyanendra Pandey and wish for every success of this venture and its benefit to Ayurveda in various ways, to the areas of medicine, science and all other related disciplines which are integral parts of wealthy treasure of knowledge inherited by glorious India, the ancient teacher of whole world (visvaguru).

 

Contents

 

A Foreword v-vii
B Prologue viii-xxviii
  Nama Sangrah  
  Part First : Drugs Names 1-158
  Suryastuti - Prelude- Dhanvantari stavana 3-4
  Dravyavali 4-22
1 Guducyadi vargah 4-8
2 Satapuspadi vargah 8-10
3 Candanadi vargah 10-11
4 Karaviradi vargah 12-14
5 Amradi vargah 14-16
6 Suvarnadi vargah 16
7 Laksmanadi vargah 17-22
  Namavali  
I. Cud ucyadi vargah 22-55
II. Satapuspadi vargah 55-68
III. Candanadi vargah 68-90
IV. Karaviradi vargah 91-107
V. Amradi vargah 107-124
VI. Suvarnadi vargah 124-126
VII. Laksmanadi vargah 127-138
VIII Anekarth vargah 138-149
  Dvayarthaka 138-144
  Trayarthaka 145-147
  Caturarthaka 147-148
  Pancarthadhikara 148-149
IX Misrakadhyayah 150-155
  Concluding Summation 155
  Parisistam : Supplement 156-157
D Guna Sangrah  
  Part Second: Drugs Properties 158-490
  Prelude 161-164
  Dravyavali -Content of Drugs (Groups) 164
1 Guducyadi varga 164-168
2 Satapuspadi varga 168-170
3 Candanadi varga 170-172
4 Karaviradi varga 172-174
5 Amradi varga 174-176
6 Suvar~adivarga 176
7 Laksmanadi varga 176-178
8 Paniya varga 178
  Rasa-Virya-Vipaka-Prabhava Karana Jnanam  
  Knowledge of Pharmacodynamics 179-196
  Ausadha Dravya Varga Prakarana 197-490
  Chapter of Drugs Groups  
1 Guducyadi varga 197-229
2 Satapuspadi varga 230-246
3 Candanadi varga 247-262
4 Karaviradi varga 263-279
5 Amardi varga 280-298
6 Suvarnadi varga 299-301
7 Laksmanadi varga 302-315
8 Paniya varga 316-337
9 Ksira varga 338-345
10 Dadhi varga 346-350
11 Takra varga 351-353
12 Navanita varga 354-354
13 Ghrta varga 355-359
14 Taila varga 360-366
15 Madhu varga 367-372
16 Iksu varga 373-378
17 Madya varga 379-389
18 Mutra varga 390-393
19 Sukadhanya varga 394-399
20 jurna varga 399-400
21 Trnadhanya varga 400-401
22 Simbidhanya varga 402-407
23 Krtanna varga 408-427
24 Anupana varga 428-433
25 Mamsa varga 434-460
26 Misrakadhyaya varga 461-490
  Enumerative Section 491-538
A Breakup of Vargas (Groups)  
  Part First: Prathama Bhama - Namasangraha - Group I, II, III : Varga - Group - Verses - sloka 491
  Part Second : Dvitiya Bhama : Gunasangraha 491
B. Gana (Group of Drugs) : 493
C. Varieties - Kinds -Types of Drugs 494
D. Dietetics 496-497
E Drug Index 498-510
  Enlistment: A-H 511-532
A Animals - Group of Fauna: Source of Meat 511-514
B Minerals - Metallic Drugs Section A & B (Suvarnadi Varga) 515-516
C. Minerals - Metallic Drugs (General: N & G - Verses) 517-517
D Other (Non-Plant) Drugs 518-518
E Herbal Oils - Padapa Taila 519-520
F Dhanya-Dravyas 521-524
G Other Vargas 525-525
  Anupana  
  Indices of Drugs And Plants  
A Regional Drug Terminology 527-532
B Botanical Nomenclature (Plant Drugs Identification 533-538

Sample Pages




















Sodhala Nighantuh

Item Code:
NAI411
Cover:
Hardcover
Edition:
2009
ISBN:
9788121802741
Language:
Sanskrit Text With English Translation
Size:
10 inch X 7.5 inch
Pages:
572
Other Details:
Weight of the Book: 1.0 kg
Price:
$47.00   Shipping Free
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Foreword

Currently global attention is being increasingly focused on rediscovering and developing the indigenous system of medicine, Ayurveda, and its utilization for Primary Health Care. In the course of thousands of years, Ayurveda continued to exist, its basic principles never changed, because they are derived from the universal laws of nature which are true. Ayurveda is said to be anadi (one which has no known beginning) and sasvata (one which has no end or it is eternal). This contradicts with the modern scientific paradigm, where new theories often render previous understanding completely obsolete within a short period of time.

Ayurveda has much to offer to the modern world. Many synthetic drugs are of herbal origins which were well mentioned in ancient Ayurvedic texts regarding their specific properties and actions. Ayurveda has recently been rediscovered in the pursuit of holistic healing and natural" health. The globalization of Ayurveda offers evidence that the basic principles and theories described in it has much more to offer to this modern world.

Ayurveda provides knowledge of aetiology, symptomatology and therapeutics, best way for both the healthy and the sick, tri-aphorismic (trisutra) continuing from the lime immemorial. The significance of drugs in medical science possesses its key role in clinical management of diseases.

'A physician who knows all the diseases well, who has expertise with regard to drugs (and therapeutics) will cure all diseases, and does not get confused.'

Its proper study is undertaken in Dravyaguna vijnana, the science of drug, pharmacology and materia medica, which begins in Caraka Samhita with the quadruplet of drugs (bhesaja-catuska), covering various aspects of pharmacology, pharmacognosy and therapeusis.

The interest towards Ayurveda is mainly because of its drugs, which are of herbal origin, and are said to be having less adverse effects in comparison to synthetic drugs. Ancient texts related to Ayurveda can be categorised into two types, one related to treatment and other related to information regarding drugs and diet, being called as Cikitsa (treatment) and Nighantu (materia medica) granthas (texts) respectively, written in devanagari script or regional languages. Nighantu described drugs, in a typical manner, by mentioning group of synonyms, reflecting tye properties, actions and uses of the drug. These synonyms and technical terms of Ayurveda mentioned in Nighantus needs interpretations for better understanding and development of new role of medicinal plants. 'A physician without knowledge of Nighantu, a scholar without the knowledge of grammar, and a soldier without knowledge of weapons are ridiculed by people.'

So now it is time for us to increase followers of this science and there is more than one way to do so like.

• Translation of original texts and presentation of the information in a modern, practical yet authentic manner is vital.

• Inclusion of new herbal drugs, mentioned in Nighantus, in to the Ayurvedic pharmacopoeia, by describing them in terms of Rasaparicaka.

• Use of proper standardization techniques to prevent adulteration of Ayurvedic drugs.

In this context, a project on Sodhala Nighantu has been undertaken by Prof. Gyanendra Pandey who is exhaustively studying the text, doing editing and working for commentary (in English and Hindi) with critical notes supported with various index, lists etc. This is an unique work on Sodhala Nighantu and being done first time. Sodhala Nighantu in the present form may contribute in the field of Dravyaguna Vigyana, which will be helpful in promoting knowledge of classical drugs, useful in clinical pharmacology, therapeutic medicine, ultimately approaching to development of Ayurveda.

It is matter of pride that our institution is a pioneer school of learning in various disciplines of Ayurveda attaching international, significance; and I feel honoured to express my views on the scholarly work of it's a brighter alumni, devoting whole career most sincerely, like Prof. Gyanendra Pandey who needs no introduction or appreciation since his dedication, contribution, long experience with, diversified exposures and painstaking efforts themselves make him a reknowned authority, actively engaged in teaching, research and other various technical activities, exerting with his sound textual base and scientific vision, for the cause of development, scientific advancement and attaiment of highest status of Ayurveda in global perspectives.

I congratulate Dr. Gyanendra Pandey and wish for every success of this venture and its benefit to Ayurveda in various ways, to the areas of medicine, science and all other related disciplines which are integral parts of wealthy treasure of knowledge inherited by glorious India, the ancient teacher of whole world (visvaguru).

 

Contents

 

A Foreword v-vii
B Prologue viii-xxviii
  Nama Sangrah  
  Part First : Drugs Names 1-158
  Suryastuti - Prelude- Dhanvantari stavana 3-4
  Dravyavali 4-22
1 Guducyadi vargah 4-8
2 Satapuspadi vargah 8-10
3 Candanadi vargah 10-11
4 Karaviradi vargah 12-14
5 Amradi vargah 14-16
6 Suvarnadi vargah 16
7 Laksmanadi vargah 17-22
  Namavali  
I. Cud ucyadi vargah 22-55
II. Satapuspadi vargah 55-68
III. Candanadi vargah 68-90
IV. Karaviradi vargah 91-107
V. Amradi vargah 107-124
VI. Suvarnadi vargah 124-126
VII. Laksmanadi vargah 127-138
VIII Anekarth vargah 138-149
  Dvayarthaka 138-144
  Trayarthaka 145-147
  Caturarthaka 147-148
  Pancarthadhikara 148-149
IX Misrakadhyayah 150-155
  Concluding Summation 155
  Parisistam : Supplement 156-157
D Guna Sangrah  
  Part Second: Drugs Properties 158-490
  Prelude 161-164
  Dravyavali -Content of Drugs (Groups) 164
1 Guducyadi varga 164-168
2 Satapuspadi varga 168-170
3 Candanadi varga 170-172
4 Karaviradi varga 172-174
5 Amradi varga 174-176
6 Suvar~adivarga 176
7 Laksmanadi varga 176-178
8 Paniya varga 178
  Rasa-Virya-Vipaka-Prabhava Karana Jnanam  
  Knowledge of Pharmacodynamics 179-196
  Ausadha Dravya Varga Prakarana 197-490
  Chapter of Drugs Groups  
1 Guducyadi varga 197-229
2 Satapuspadi varga 230-246
3 Candanadi varga 247-262
4 Karaviradi varga 263-279
5 Amardi varga 280-298
6 Suvarnadi varga 299-301
7 Laksmanadi varga 302-315
8 Paniya varga 316-337
9 Ksira varga 338-345
10 Dadhi varga 346-350
11 Takra varga 351-353
12 Navanita varga 354-354
13 Ghrta varga 355-359
14 Taila varga 360-366
15 Madhu varga 367-372
16 Iksu varga 373-378
17 Madya varga 379-389
18 Mutra varga 390-393
19 Sukadhanya varga 394-399
20 jurna varga 399-400
21 Trnadhanya varga 400-401
22 Simbidhanya varga 402-407
23 Krtanna varga 408-427
24 Anupana varga 428-433
25 Mamsa varga 434-460
26 Misrakadhyaya varga 461-490
  Enumerative Section 491-538
A Breakup of Vargas (Groups)  
  Part First: Prathama Bhama - Namasangraha - Group I, II, III : Varga - Group - Verses - sloka 491
  Part Second : Dvitiya Bhama : Gunasangraha 491
B. Gana (Group of Drugs) : 493
C. Varieties - Kinds -Types of Drugs 494
D. Dietetics 496-497
E Drug Index 498-510
  Enlistment: A-H 511-532
A Animals - Group of Fauna: Source of Meat 511-514
B Minerals - Metallic Drugs Section A & B (Suvarnadi Varga) 515-516
C. Minerals - Metallic Drugs (General: N & G - Verses) 517-517
D Other (Non-Plant) Drugs 518-518
E Herbal Oils - Padapa Taila 519-520
F Dhanya-Dravyas 521-524
G Other Vargas 525-525
  Anupana  
  Indices of Drugs And Plants  
A Regional Drug Terminology 527-532
B Botanical Nomenclature (Plant Drugs Identification 533-538

Sample Pages




















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